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ulnam f intage 

Historical-Genealogical Notes concerning the Puttenham family 

in England, together with lines of royal descent, and showing 

the ancestors of John Putnam of Salem and his 

descendants through five generations together 

with some account of other families of 

the name and of the Putmans 

of the Mohawk Valley 

Eben Putnam 

Secretary to the Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, 

Compiler of A History of the Putnam Family 

in England and America, etc. 

Edition, 125 Conies 

Published by 

Ubc Salem ptctt Compaive 

Salem. Mass. 


FEB 10 1908 


Copyright, uk": 

The i^iUcm Vrcss Coiup;»"y 

Sulem, Mass. 


During the past ten yeavs, throuiih the activity of various 
historical commissions and departments of tlie British Govern- 
ment, there lias been published a vast amount of historical 
information. Many series of the rolls forming the National 
Archives of England have been calendared, and by means of 
excellent indexes the originals have been made easily acces- 
sible to historical and genealogical students. During all these 
years careful watch has been kept for references to members of 
the Putnam family prior to the migration, and especial search 
has been made from time to time in such places as promised 
reasonable results. The Introductory part of the History of 
the Putnam Family* was devoted entirely to the history of 
the family in England, the results of research in the British 
archives by the author in and prior to 1S94. In 1898 the late 
Dr. Marshall of the Heralds' College, told the author at a con- 
ference when the question of the soundness of the iletluctions 
as set forth in the Introductory part was discussed, that in 
his opinion no claims were advanced in the pedigree there 
printed which did not appear to be reasonable, and he added 
that he himself was convinced as to the general correctness of 
the descent there given. During the past few years the esti- 
mate of Dr. Marshall has been shown to be well founded. Some 
slight changes have been necessitated by the discovery of new 
material, but these changes strengthen the pedigree as a whole. 
For instance, from an ancient lawsuit we learn that Roger 
Puttenham was the son of Roger. From other documents we 
learn that the elder Roger had a wife Alina, who is undoubtedly 
the lady of Puttenham (domina de Puttenham) who is men- 

• Published in 1895 ; p. Ixxiv. 



tioned as holding Puttenham in 1303 and which holding was 
said in 1428 to have been held by Robert Puttenham. Such 
mention as this, taken with what we already have, adds mater- 
ially to the completeness of the pedigree as a whole. It has 
been found that the family not only prior to the time of William 
Puttenham, but even to the time of George and Richard 
Puttenham, the last of the elder line, held a position of more 
consequence than had been supposed. It is therefore not strange 
that we find the ancestral lines of John Putnam embracing a 
number of very interesting families, families who have helped 
make histor}^ in England, just as the Putnam family have 
helped make history in America. It is in this connection that 
the line of ancestry running back to the old Frank kings has 
been introduced. Pharamus, Siegneur of Tingrie, was a man 
of unusual ability, and one who enjoyed the trust of Kings 
Stephen and Henry II, and although historians have failed to 
mention him to any considerable extent, Mr. Rounds is dis- 
posed to credit him with having played a most important part 
in the reign of Stephen; and to him is very likely due the peace 
which was made between Stephen and Henry. The Dammartin 
line is also of interest. » 

It has been thought advisable to include in the present 
work much of what appeared in the Introductory part of the 
History of the Putnam Family in England and America,* 
adding additional information, but omitting the lesser families 
not; of immediate interest or whose connection with the main 
line, while undoubted, is not clearly shown b}' the material at 
hand. In the course of our investigations, however, a great 
deal of additional information regarding these minor families 
has come to light. The plan of this book, so far as it relates 
to the American family, is to give an historical, genealogical 
record through the 6th generation, which includes the gen- 
erations principally participating in the Revolutionary War. 
Until this time the family was almost exclusively a New 
England family. About this time the great migration from 

* A History of the Putnam Family in England and America, by Eben 
Putnam, in nine parts. Salem and New York, 1891-1907. ^^ 


New Englantl began. There are few Putnams today who do 
not know their ancestry back to Revoluticniary times. Hence 
it is quite possible for anyone of the name descended from John 
Putnam of Danvers, to locate his ancestor's place in this book. 
There are several families bearing our name who do not descend 
from John Putnam of Danvers, notably a family of Hartford, 
Connecticut, which has sent branches into Vermont; although 
the greater number of Vermont Putnams are of the Danvers 
stock. There can-be little doubt that this Connecticut family 
derives its descent from the same stock as the Danvers 
family. There is also a family of Putnams in Boston, who have 
long been connected with the fish business, and whose set- 
tlement there dates back not quite a century. Except that 
i/" Henry Putnam, the founder of that family, was of English 
stock, nothing is known of his ancestry. It is probable that 
he too came from some of the lesser branches of the Putnam 
family of Buckinghamshire. There are two or three otherfamihes 
scattered through the country who descend from later emigrants 
from England, and doubtless all of whom descend from this 
Buckinghamshire stock. In addition to this, there is the Putman 
family, many of whose members call themselves Putnam, who 
derive their descent from Jan Putman of Albany. A brief 
sketch of Jan Putman and his descendants is given in this 
book, together with mention of a family in Holland from whom 
they may have descended, or at least been connected. There is 
absolutely no suggestion in any record, nor is there cause for 
supposition that the Putnams of England (descended from 
the Buckinghamshire or Hertfordshire family) are in any way 
connected with the Putmans of the Continent, who do not form 
one family, but several. The name is found either in this form, 
or slightly modified, in nearly all the countries along the Rhine, 
and possibly in all German speaking territories. Some of this 
family have attained considerable eminence in the old country. 
The majority of the Putmans whose names are found in the 
London directory today are of Dutch descent, and not of the 
old English family. In America, the two families have, on 
more than one occasion become allied by marriage. 


The attention of the reader is directed to the index, which 
is an index not only to the Putnam Lineage, but to the History 
of the Putnam Family and to the three volumes of Putnam 
Leaflets. This index has been made possible through the kind- 
ness and cooperation of Prof. Stephen P. Sharpies, whose work 
as a genealogist and antiquary is well known, and who has 
generously contributed many hours of his time snatched from 
professional duties. 



List of Illustrations •" 

The English Home 


The Puttenhams of Puttenham: Sir Roger de Puttenham 
The Puttenhams of Sherfield: Sir George Puttenham 


The Putnams of Penne 

The putnams of Wingrave, Woughton and Stewklev, 

Ancestors of the New England Family . 
The Putnams ok Hawridge and Choulsbury 


Warbleton-Foxle-Apuldrefield-Ifield-Brocas, a 
LINE OF Gascon ancestry -Hampden-Gifford- 


Counts of Boulogne-a line of Royal Descent . 
John Putnam of Aston Abbotts and Salem 
The second Generation in America-Thomas, Nathaniel 

AND John Putnam 

Third Generation in America 

Fourth Generation in America 

General Israel Putnam 

Fifth Generation in America 

General Rufus Putnam 














The Putmans of thk Mohawk Valley ....'• 257 

The John and Thomas Putnam family of Connecticut 

AND Vermont ^73 

Revolutionary War Records 281 

Some Genealogical Lines and Biographical Sketches: 

Frederic W. Putnam, 313; E»en Putnam, 313; Alice 

L. (Putnam) Boardman, 315; John H. Putnam, 316; 

George L. Putnam, 316; Charles L. F. Robinson, 317; 

James M, Putnam, 317; Franklin D. Putnam, 317; 

Ross G. Putnam, 318; James O. Putnam, 319; Alfred 

P. Putnam, 319; Henry C. Putnam, 320; Erastus G. 
Putnam, 321; Perley Putnam, 321; Elbert H. Put- 
nam, 322; Martha P. (Putnam) Goodell, 322; Helen 
G. Putnam, 323; Charles E. Putnam, 323; Worthy 
Putnam, 323; Warren E. Putnam, 324; Holden Put- 
nam, 325; William P. Putnam, 325; Earl B. Putnam, 
325; George J. Putnam, 326; Mary H. (Putnam) Hart, 
326; Edward De F. Putnam, 327; Charles E. Put- 
nam (OF Davenport, Iowa,) 327; William LeB. Put- 
nam, 329; George Putnam, 329; Charles Putnam, 330; 
Henry W. Putnam, 330; Albert W. Putnam, 330; 
George H. Putnam, 332; Herbert Putnam, 332; 
George R. Miles, 333; Calvin P. Harris, 333; Ida 
A. Putnam, 334; Sibley Putnam, 334; Authur S. Put- 
nam, 335; Henry H. Putnam, 336; Thomas, Hall, 337; 
George E. B. Putnam, 337; John M. Putnam, 338; 
Edgar P. Putnam, 33S; Marion V. Putnam, 339; 
Ellen A. Stone, 340. 
Index . . • 


Coats of Arms: 

puttenham of puttenham, herts., and of putnam of 

SaIvEM, Mass., in colors xlviii 

Appleton with ouarterings cxxxvi 

. Deacon • ^ 

PuTMAN of Albany 264 

APP1.ET0N OF Suffolk, England, and Ipswich, Mass., 


FiSKE ^'^^ 

Frederic Ward Putnam, S. D., of Cambridge . Frontispiece 

Church at Puttenham, Herts ^| 

Church at Drayton Beauchamp, Bucks xi 

Interior of Puttenham Church xvi 

View from Tring Hill, showing Puttenham and Win- 
grave xxxiu 

George Haven Putnam of New York Ixiv* 

Church at Stewklky, Bucks., where Nicholas Putnam 

WAS buried Ixxm 

Court Cupboard, brought from England, once owned by 

Nathaniel Putnam Ixxx 

Judge Samuel Putnam of Massachusetts .... Ixxxviii 
View from Tring Hill, looking northwest . . . cxii 

Eben Putnam of Welleslev cxxi 

Map of Buckinghamshire, 1750 cxliv 

The John Putnam House .\T Danvers, not standing; prob- 
ably built in about 1640— drawn from descriptions 

of those who lived in it I "^J 

Gen. Israel Putnam birthplace— built by Thomas, eldest 

SON OF John Putnam, before 1645 .... 8 

Wadsworth cemetery, showing the burial place of John 
Putnam, his farm in the distance, with the birth- 
place of Dr. Ebenezer and Hon. James Putnam . 32 
The graves of Thomas and Ann Putnam on the Thomas 
Putnam farm at Danvers: now nearly overgrown 
with bush, may be seen the cellar hole of the 
house where Gen. Israel Putnam first set up 

housekeeping 48 



Benjamin Putnam house, North Street, Danvers (not 

standing) 56^' 

Hiram Putnam of Croyden, N. H. 80 

Gen. Israei^ Putnam of Connecticut S8^ 

Israel Putnam Dana of DanviIvLE, Vt. .... 97 v 

Hon. Douglas Putnam of Marietta 112; 

An Interior of Joseph Putnam House, .... 121 > 

Marshall Putnam of Croyden, N. H 157^/ 

Gen. Rufus Putnam of Marietta, Ohio .... 161 
Gen. Rufus Putnam homes at North Brookfield, Mass., 

and Marietta, Ohio 169V 

George Putnam of Waterville, N. Y. .... 173 

Andrew Merriam Putnam of Danvers .... 176 
Daniel Putnam of Brooklyn, Conn., son of Gen. Israel 

Putnam 185 

Dr. Amos Putnam of Danvers, from a portrait painted 

in 1762 192 

Jacob Putnam of Salem 212^ 

Ebenezer and Elizabeth (Fiske) Putnam of Salem . 224 "- 

Gravestone of Dr. Ebenezer Putnam of Salem, 1788 . 226 "* 

Eben Putnam, No. 2228, of Salem 240 , 

Rev. Alfred Porter Putnam, D.D., of Salem . . . 256^ 

Hon. Worthy Putnam of New York 273- 

Masonic Jewels of Col. Jethro Putnam and Gen. Lemuel 

Grosvenor » . 281 

Homestead of Capt. Andrew Putnam, Stockton, N. Y., 

BUILT 1818 288 ' 

Hiram Putnam of Syracuse, N. Y. 296 ' 

Philemon Putnam . . . 297 

Col. Perley Putnam of Salem 304 

George L. Putnam of New York 316 

Hon. James Osborne Putnam of Buffalo .... 319 . 

Erastus G. and Mary N. Putnam of Elizabeth, N. J. . 321 ; 

Warren E. Putnam of Bennington 324 

Earl Bill Putnam of Philadelphia 326 

Earl Bill Putnam, Jr 327 

Albert Edward Putnam of New York .... 330 

George Palmer Putnam of New York .... 332 

Grandchildren of George Palmer Putnam ... 332 

Charles Appleton Putnam of Salem 340 




The range of tlvo Chiltern Hills, flanking the counties of Bed- 
ford and Hertford, forms the eastern wall of the pleasant Vale of 
Aylesbury, in which is situated Puttenham, and cuts off a strip 
of Hertfordshire about ten miles long by from two to four wide, 
projecting northwestwardly into the county of Buckingham. 
The ancient town of Tring has guarded the pass there for many 
centuries, and under its protection lived the earliest known an- 
cestors of our race. Tring station lies thirty-three miles north 
of London, on the line of the London and Northwestern Railway, 
but the town itself is a couple of miles to the west. 

By following the highway leading to Aylesbury, for another 
two miles, through a pleasant country, along the northerly side of 
the hills, from which a grand view of the valley is obtained, one 
comes to the road leading northward and crossing the boundary 
of Hertfordsiiire and Buckinghamshire. This road descends 
rapidly till it crosses a canal, and permits a glimpse to the left of 
the tower of the ancient and charmingly situated little church of 
Drayton Beauchamp standing in a park aside from the road, and 
the scene, for a year or so, of the labors of Hooker, the author of 
Ecclesiastical Polity. Continuing by this road another two 
miles, one conies to the road running nearly east and west through 
the parish of Puttenham. Taking the eastern branch, and pass- 
ing a few houses and the buildings of the farm, a lane is reached 
which leads to the church, a small but extremely interesting 
building. From here a footpath crosses the fields to the ruined 



tower of the old church at Long Marston, and thence to the high- 
way passing Marston's Gate, a railway station on the branch 
from Clieddington to Aylesbury, and so on to Wingrave, just 
before reaching which place a sharp ascent begins, terminating 
at Wingrave church. The road now turns more to the west, and, 
continually ascending, intersects the main road from Leighton 
Buzzard to Aylesbury. A mile beyond one's progress seems 
about to be effectually barred by the high hedges and natural 
formation of the land, but a way opens abruptly to the left, and 
another turn brings the traveller into the little village of Aston 
Abbotts, so hidden that its vicinity is totally unexpected till one 
is actually on the green. The manor house stands within its 
park on one side of the green, and about the other two sides are, 
with one or two exceptions, modern cottages. The church is at 
the farther end, on the left, a bit up the road leading out of the 
village and toward Cublington. 

This stretch of country is charming, and the green fields and 
groves alternate pleasantly with the small clusters of cottages or 
more substantial farmhouses and imposing residences which 
here and there meet the eye from the more elevated spots. Near- 
by is Mentmore, the seat of Lord Roseberry, formerly Prime- 
Minister of England, and the extensive estates of the Rothschilds. 
The town of Aylesbury is six miles south of Aston Abbotts, and 
the latter place lies directly northwest of Tring, from which it is 
not distant in an air line over ten miles. This is the district 
familiar to John Putnam in his youth, for at Wingrave lived his 
parents and grandparents, and there he was baptized and prob- 
ably married. His later home was within the boundaries of the 
parish of Aston Abbotts, probably at Burstone, and from there 
he migrated to New England. 

Branches of the family were resident in the whole of the east- 
ern part of Bucks and the adjoining part of Herts. Penne was 
an early possession. At a later date descendants are found in 
the Missendens, at Amersham, Chesham, Hawridge, Chouls- 
bury, and other places between Penne and Puttenham, and to 
the north at Eddlesborough, Slapton, Stukeley, Woughton, and 


neighboring parishes, and at Hemel-Hempstead in Herts, as 
well as at one or two places in Essex. 

Roughlv speaking, the country for fifteen -■!- north and 
south o^- Tring, for a width of ten miles, was at the end of the s,x- 
eenth centur^ nearly as thiekly populated by people of our name 
as the couutrv about Danvers, Mass., is today. At the pre en 
time I am only aware of one family in that whole terntory, that 
of a respectable and well-to-do merchant of Aylesbury, who a 
L years since had a son in business in each of he towns of 
Tring and Thame. Even he spells his name Putman, 
indeed is the usual form it is met with in the London directory, 
where a score of individuals are mentioned. 

With the Norman occupation comes the first intormation 
about the particular parish of Puttenham Who then were the 
inhabitants of the Vale of Aylesbury 1 Britons, Romans Saxons 
or Danes ' It is likely that the prevailing race were most thickly 
distributed in those places the pleasantest, the most easily de- 
fended, and the richest. In remoter spots the former owners 
were less likely to be disturbed to as great an extent. It is prob- 
able that while the greater part of the popidation of Britain was 
Celtic, that is, a modified Celtic, as would result from the ad- 
mixture of the various conquering races, it being preposterous 
to suppose the original inhabitants were either completely driven 
away or destroyed, that in such spots as about Aylesbury, the 
prevailing race would be either Saxon or Danish at the time of 
fhe Norman invasion. Moreover, this part of the country was 
the scene of stubborn resistance between the Bntons and Saxons, 
and later with the Danes. 

When in 1006, William the Norman conquered England, 
there wa's an estimated population of two and one half millions 
of people, and of these but three hundred thousand are enunier- 
Id in Domesday Book. It is doubtful it the total so caled 
'•Norman- contribution to the population of Britain amounted 
to over 100,000 individuals, and of these a majority were drawn 
from the districts of France which were inhabited by branches 
of the same race as the ancient Britons. 


The origin of the name Puttenhani seems to he from the Low 
Dutch or Flemish word "piitte," a well, plural [)utten, and 
"ham," a house, or hamlet. The Danish word "putt" is used 
to designate a well or spring. Near Ghent, in Holland, is a 
village called Piittenheim, and there is a place called Puttenham* 
in Surrey, England. 

~ Mr. Cussans, in his History of Hertfordshire, states that Put- 
tenham is singularly devoid of wells or springs; the subsoil there 
is of stiff, blue clay, through which a boring of four hundred feet 
had then (1881) recently been made without reaching water. 
A small stream rises at Astrope, a hamlet about one mile east of 
the village, where were probably the two mills mentioned in 
Domesday, flows westward, close by the north side of the church, 
then north into the Thame. 

The church at Puttenham is a structure of the date of the thir- 
teenth century. It is not a large building, but has ample accom- 
modations for the needs of the parish, which is a small one. 
Close by is an old straw-thatched cottage which has the appear- 
ance of extreme age and which is now used as a Sunday-school. 
An ancient tree still survives near the porch, which looks as 
though it may have witnessed the going and coming of contem- 
poraries of John Putnam. The church itself can best be de- 
scribed by using the words of former historians. 

"The church at Puttenham is dedicated to St. Mary, and con- 
sists of a chancel, nave, north and south aisles, and a modern 
south porch, and is one of the plainest and smallest in the county, 
being but 69 feet long inside measurement, and of which the 
chancel occupies 25 feet, and the tower 14 feet 6 inches. The 
width is 31 feet 8 inches. 

"Salmon writing of the church in 1728, says: 'The chancel is 
dark and uninhabited, two round windows have been stopt up 
and it is shut out from the church. There are two old stones 
in it, the arms and inscriptions broke off.'" 

The date of the structure is put by Cussans as about 1280 or 

* ruttenhain in Surrey is iiotHhly lacking in running water. It \» not mentioned in 



1 • Vino The tower is large and beautiful. 

chancel ^vas n, 1851 He roo ,^j j„ 

represent -■"'^; j/"^^ ^^^^ ,,„,„„ fig„es, each hoklinR an 
resting on the ^^a^ plates ^^^^ _.^.^lj^_ 

uncharged shield <>" "'^ "reast^ -n. U^ ,^,^ ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^ 

"'f rriro 1«0 !■;:= eastemn^ost shield is charged 
root at the date oi ' , j^.^ive bezants and a canton, m- 

„.ith the arms of Z''»'''''.«"''':' ^^^ ,'„ Ardent, two chevronels 
dented at the base, ermine. 1 he otner, ar e , 

:::hle between three roses ^<^^ ^^^^ „,,,„ aiocese 
William Wykeham .as B.ho,, o L,n«, In^ ^^ .^_^^ ^^^^ ^^^ 
Puttenbam was situated) 1584-94, but v.u 
late a date to account for the arms. Northampton. 

died .<?. p- in 1314, ana at, ai -.^^v there and as this 

church bek-nged to h p r ^^ ^^^^ ^.^^^^^^ ^^ j^._^^^,_,_ .^ 

"' '"'"ue it was bui t >; the Zouches and given to the pnory. 
';Ct ireh tls reroofed the arms were placed ,n a con- 

niXrhSfrdds that in one ot the :™;'';;:J'f ;- ."^ 

-r 11 riii't rd^t^'rrTbit^^^^^^ ^r.-,' -- 

slupmfull.sad, nthedex^ compartments; m the 

rrr0^u"ttn7ass: gl or.. 3 and 4, Or. each charged with 
' Therenche, and pews are of solid oak and date back to the 

;:r;r:m«;^^r.rttftt;etwee„ the ends of each block, 
filled in with flint. 

^ ,1 . * riAi<l arc chcveron sa., voiuea 
.Cha«m.ey describes but one coat as follows. A neld arg., 

betw. chaiilets gu. 


'IMuMv :m« throe l.olls i,. the towor-ono nndatod. ono <lat.d 
1650 an<l the other 1711. 1„ the vear of KdwarW VI. there 
^^■^^'- ^iH-^-o bells „, the stcepU«. a ehallisse of silver et.- 

] I'o pansh .s nowin the dioeese a.ul areluleanervof St. Albans 
•"'•I ='t Hu> valuation at den.olition of the religions 'honses in Kn.- 
land was plnccd at t'lO. I. U. 

Tin. pricH- and eanons of A^ddey presetted the living till laOO- 
thou the of Li„,oln until lS5l>. hut there was no resident 
nunister from I7i;Uo ISH). 

The entries in the registers do not be-in until KISl 

_1V bandets of Lon- Marston and Wilstone are inehuled in 
tne parish ot 1 riiiij. 

I'r.^ek. in the 7//./.;./ of Xonronfonnitj, in Ilni.; states that 
Lon^^ Mansion was a stronghold of the Noneonforndsts. and that 
lU vtfordshne was one of the first counties to en.braee Noneon- 
ornnt.v. I he seat of Sir Nieholas Baeon and his ladv was son.e 
ow nules west of St^ Albans, and was the rallvin,-pla<;e for nuu.y 

rtan djv.nes. n 1(H>2. the widow Puttenham and n.any 
t luKs ot nn. and vuMuitv were either hned or in.prisoned for 
not ,i,ri>iuir to the parish ehureh. 

Until the niiddh^ of the .sixt.onth eenturv Puttenhan, was a 
part ot the possessions of fh. Pntna.ns of SherHeld. after whieh 
tinio d jnissed by deseent or pnrehase siu^-essively into the fum- 
•lusoKSkipwith. Saunders. Dinu-onihe. Luev. Meaeher. K.erton 
-; -as finally p.nvhased by Baron Lionel Nathan de Roths- 

Win.rave m HueLs. the home of the ,raiidparents of Johu 

'tnani. was a part of the possessions of the Heanehaiups. and 

;' -• »'-^ ;>^ the Nevilles. Karlv iu the sixteenth eenturv 

t bcvame the property of the Hampdens and still later passed 

t- 'o Dormers and is now .l.ietly possessed bv Haron Roths- 


Win^rave inelndes Rowsham. which latter plaee is bounded 
J., the west by Burstone. a part of the parish oi Aston Abbotts 
t IS ,n Burstone that John Putnam probably lived, as his uneles, 
from whom his father inherited property, owned land in Win- 


grave, Uowsliani, and in Burstone. Burstono bounds Aylesbury 
on tlie north. It will thus be seen tlmt the direet ancestors of 
John Putnam continued to reside upon the same or nearly the 
same property which IkuI been in the family for nearly four 



Puttenham is mentioned in the great survey ordered by 
William the Conqueror, and which took place in the years 
1085 and 1086. The records of this survey are to be found 
in a volume called Domesday Book. 

The inquisitors were to inquire into the name of every 
place, who held it in the time of King Edward, who was the 
present possessor, the extent of the manor, its capabilities, 
the number of inhabitants of certain classes, its present value 
and the value in King Edward's time. From this survey it 
appears that before the time of the Conquest the manor 
belonged to Earl Leuiun, the brother of Harold, and that 
it was given by WiUiam to Odo, Bishop of Baieux, his half- 
brother, on his mother's side, who held it at the time of the 
survey. "The manor answers for four hides, Roger hokls it 
for tiie Bishop. There is land to four ploughs. There is 
one in the demesne and another may be made. Four villanes 
with two borders have there two ploughs. There are four 
cottagers and two bondmen, and two mills of ten shillings 
and eight pence. Meadow for four ploughs, and four shil- 
lings. Pasture for the cattle. It is worth sixty shillings, 
when the Bishop received it forty shillings. In King 
Edward's time four pounds." 

Puttenham was part of the great fief known as the Honor 
of Leicester and its mesne lords owed fealty to the Earls of 
Leicester. These from 1103 to 1204 were of the Bellomont 
or Beaumont family, the first earl, created by Henry I, being 
Robert son of Roger. This Robert is said to have had ninety- 
one lordships in England of the gift of the Conqueror, but 


none of these appear to have been in either Hertfordshire or 
Buckinghamshire. This ])owerfiil family died out in the person 
of Robert (Fitz-Parnel), the fourth earl, who had probably 
followed his father and King Richard to the Holy-land but 
who died in England in 1204, leaving only two daughters. 
One of the daughters married Sayer de Quincey afterward 
Earl of Winchester, and the other daughter, Amicia, married 
the first Simon de Montfort, who in 1296 was created Earl of 
Leicester. De Montfort very soon revolted from his allegiance 
to King John. In 1209, he was a leader of a Papal Crusade 
against the Albigenses and afterward one of the captains of 
Louis, King of France, and was slain before the walls of Tho- 
louse. During the defection of the Earl of Leicester his earl- 
dom was in the hands of Ranulph, Earl of Chester, who was 
of the family of Meschines, and the last of his line. Ranulph 
died in 1231. He had been a stout supporter of King John 
after the latter obtained the Crown, and the chief supporter 
of the young })rince Henry III when it was planned to sup- 
plant hhn by Prince Louis of France. In 1232, a Simon de 
Montfort was again Earl of Leicester. He was fhe son of 
the first earl of that name, and it is said had sought refuge 
in England from the hostility of Blanche, Queen of France. This 
was the great Earl Simon, and having married Eleanor, widow 
of William Marschel, Earl of Pembroke, and sister to the King, 
brought upon himself the displeasure of the Church and 
King. , 

He, however, made his peace with both and for several 
years was employed in maintaining the king's authority in 
Gascony, then in rebellion, but was finally removed from the 
seneschalship of that county for reason of his opj^ression. 
He sided with the barons of England against the King and 
commanded the barons at the battle of Lewes, at which the 
King and Richard, Earl of Cornwall, another brother-in- 
law, were captured. For a brief period Leicester was in 


supreme power. He summoned a parliament of his supporters 
and was chosen Chief Justificiar. He was unable, however, to 
retain the support of many prominent barons, and at the 
battle of Evesham in 1264 was killed. The Earldom became 
extinct, and his honors and lands reverted to the Crown, 
upon which both the honors and lands of Leicester were 
granted to Prince Edmund, the younger son of the king. 
Edmund, Earl of Leicester, after this made a pilgrimage to 
the Holy Land and was engaged in the wars in Gascony and 
France. His second wife and mother of his children was 
Blanche, widow of Henry, King of Navarre, and daughter of 
Louis Vni of France. He died in 1295, and was succeeded 
by his son Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, and, in right of his wife, 
Earl of Lincoln, who was taken in a quarrel with the Spensers 
and beheaded-, he having previously participated in the out- 
break against Piers de Gaveston in 1321. 

In the meantime Puttenham had been detached from the 
honor of Leicester, and as early as 1303 was part of the Honor 
of Wallingford. Marston directly adjoining Puttenham, being 
only a manor in the parish of Tring, was in the Honor and 
Deanery of Berkhamstead. 

Puttenham, was also in the Deanery of Berkhampstead. 
Both are in the diocese of Lincoln. The Honors of Walling- 
ford* and Berkhampstead are parts of the Duchy of Corn- 
wall, which now appertains to the heir apparent of the British 
throne, which has been the case since it was conferred upon 
the Black Prince in 1337. Prior to his time, it had been an 
earldom, antl had been held usually by some of the younger 

* Lipscombe savs (Vol. 1, p. 21). that the Honor of Wallingford was in the earldom 
of Cornwall in 133G, and in 1375 it comprised among other places Fleet Marston, Haw- 
ridge, Ethrope and Wingrave. There was a castle here, and after the deatli of the 
Black Prince, his widow, Margaret, lived there. "Estthrope" was one of the manors 
held by William Puttenham in USB. Elsthrope is a hamlet in Drayton Beauchamp. It 
is called Helpsthrope in Domesday, and in 1364 was included in a grant to Thomas 
Cheyne, the shield-bearer to the king. This date, however, is to be queried. It 
passed after this as an appendage of Drayton Beauchamp. 


representatives of the Plantagenets, or had been m the hands 
of the king, since about 1200. A notable exception is from 
1307 to 1314, when Piers de Gaveston was Earl of Cornwall. 
These lands of the Puttenhams who held both Puttenhain and 
Long Marston, were therefore part of the Duchy of Cornwall, 
and were affected by the various grants and exemptions made 
by tlieni to their men of the Honors of Wallingford and Berk- 
hamjistead. The Honor of Wallingford was so called from 
Walhngford Castle, on the eastern border of Berkshire. It 
was about 30 miles west of Tring and Berkhampstead. The 
county of Oxford and part of Buckinghamshire lies between 
these two castles. The Honor of Berkhampstead takes its 
name from the Castle of Berkhampstead. 

Chauncey's description of Berkhampstead and some of its 
lords is too quaint to be omitted and as part at least of the 
possessions of the Puttenhams were included in the Honor 
of Berkhampstead, it is reproduced in this place. 

After "William the Conqueror obtained that signal Victory 
at Battle Abby, he ]5assed thence with his Army over the 
Thames at Wallingford, and thence marched with his 
Forces to this Town in Order to go forward to London; where 
he was forced to make some Stay at this Place, for Frederick, 
that bold Abbot of St. Albans, had caused the Timber Trees 
growing^near this Road, which belonged to the Church to 
be felled, and laid cross the Way to obstruct his Passage, and 
during the time of his Continuance here, the great lords and 
Nobles of England, consulting how they might free them- 
selves from the Slavery of the Norman Yoke, met the Con- 
queror, by the Advice and Perswasion of that couragious 
Abbot, at this Town, where after great Debate of Matters in 
the Presence of Archbishop Lanfranc, the King fearing if 
he should not comply with them, he should lose with Shame 
the Kingdom which he had got by the Effusion of so much 
Blood, yielded so far that he laid his Hand upon the holy 


Gospel, and swore upon all the Relicts of St. Albans Church, 
before Abbot Frederic, who administered the Oath, that he 
would observe and keep invioliably the good and approved 
ancient Laws of the Kingdom, which the holy and devout 
Kings of England his Predecessors, especially Kmg Mward 
had ordained; this done, they submitted themselves to his 
Governance, and swore Fealty to him; who with many fair 
Words received them immediately into his Protection, and 
promised to give his Daughter in Marriage to Earl Edwme; 
and all of them were present at his Coronation: however, 
through the deceitful Counsel of the Normans, nothing of this 
was performed, but soon after he evilly intreated most of those 
Peers and Nobles, carried them with him mto Normandy, 
under Pretence they should assist him against the Rebels 
there, but in Truth that they might not provide for their own 
Safety in his Absence: then he seized all their Estates, and 
disposed of them to his Normans, among whom he gave this 
Town to Robert Earl of Moreton, his half Brother by his 
Mother's Side, who fortified this Castle with a double Trench 
and Rampuer; and in Domesdei Book 'tis recorded, under the 
Title of Terrs Comitis Moreton. *** *** *** *** 

Henry II, granted that all the Men and Merchants of the 
Honour of Walllngford and Berkliamsted St. Peters, 
should have firm Peace through all his Land of England and 
Normandy, wheresoever they shall be; and he did give and 
grant to them forever, all the Laws, Liberties, and free Cus- 
toms as they enjoyed them honourably in the time of King 
Edward (which was Edivard the Confessor), King William, 
Great Grandfather to the said King Henry, and that they 
should remain with their Merchandize to be bought or sold 
through England, Normany , Acquitain, and Anjou, by 
Water by Land, by Wood, and by Strand, Quit of Tallage, 
Pontage, Lastage, Passage, and all Customs and Exactions 
upon the Forfeiture of 10 Z. And this he prohibited and 
commanded upon the same Forfeiture. 


And tlu> Kiiiii o-rantod to the Men and Merchants of Wall- 
ingford and Berkhamsted forever, all Laws and Customs 
like as they had in the time of King Edward, and King Henry, 
his Grandfather: And he also granted to them wheresoever 
they should go with their Merchandizes, to buy or sell thro' all 
England, Normandy and Spain, by Water and by Strand, 
by Wood and by Land, they should be quit of all Toll, and 
Passage of Bridges and Piccage, Paviage, and Stallage, and 
Shires and Hundreds, of Aids, Viscountels, and Service of 
Guilds, and Daneguilds, of Hidage, Bloodewite, Fredewite, 
Murders, Assart Guard, and Leguard, and of Works of Castle 
Walls, Ditches, Bridges, Streams, and of all Customs and 
Exactions secular, and of all servile Works, and they should 
not be disquieted by any man upon the Forfeiture of 10 /. and 
that no Man should vex or disturb them; and to enlarge their 
Liberties, the King further granted that no Summons, At- 
tachments, Distress, Inquisition, or Execution should be 
execute*] by any of the King's Officers within the Liberties of 
Wallingford and Berkhamsted; but by the High Steward, 
Escheator, Coroner, and their BaylifTs and Ministers, of the 
same Honour and Liberty; and should have the Return of 
all Writs, and Execution of the same, and the Law day, and 
what belongs to the same; and that no Surveyor or other 
the King's Officer shall make any Price within the said Honour, 
and Liberty of the Goods of the King's Liege Men and Merch- 
ants, their Heirs and Successors, against their Wills. 

No Sheriff, Escheator, Marshal, or Clerk of the Market of 
the King's House, or his Heirs, shall sit or do his Office within 
this Honour and Liberty, nor shall take any Men or Merchants 
of this Honour, out of this Liberty for anything done within 
this Honour; and none of the King's Officers or Purveyors 
shall buy or sell anything within this Honour and Liberty 
touching this Office;*** *** No Market shall be held within 
seven Miles of this Town, neither shall the Men or Merchants 
attend at the Assizes or Sessions. KingF. II, kept his Court 



in this Town, *** *** and it continued in the Crown until 
Anno 1206, 7 Johannis, when that King granted this Castle 
and Honour of Berkhamstead to Jeojfery Fitzpiers Earl 
of Essex, with the Knight's Fee thereto belonging, in 
Feefarm for an hundred Pounds per Annum, to hold to him 
and the Heirs of his Body by Aveline then his Wife; *** 

But before the 14th Year of King John he died, and was 
buried at Shouldham. 

But Anno 1215, 16 Johan, this Castle and Town of Berk- 
hamstead was in the Crown, for when the Barons lay still, 
King John possest himself of the Castle, and appointed 
Rainulph the German to have the Custody thereof. 

Anno 1216, 17 Johan. Prince Lewis eldest Son to the King 
of Prance, laid Siege to this Castle, and invested the same 
with his Army on the Feast of St. Nicholas, and whilst the 
Barons which Lewis commanded, pitched their Tents on the 
North Side thereof, and their Officers and Souldiers were 
careless in their several Stations, the Knights and Souldiers 
issued out of the Castle with a great Force, seized the Chariots, 
and Provisions of the Barons, took the Banner of William 
Earl of Mandebile, and returned with all the Chariots and 
Provisions unto the Castle; and whilst the Barons were sitting 
at Table the same Day, the Knights issued out of the Castle 
again, and carrying the Banner, which a little before they 
had taken away to the great Confusion of the Barons, dis- 
armed them, and hastened again into the Castle; but after a 
long Siege, the King commanded them to yield the Castle to 
Prince Lewis. *** ~ *** *** *** 

King H. III. on the third Day of Pentecost, being the third 
Day oFthe Calends of J^ine, Anno, 1227, 11 H. III. advanced 
Richard his younger Brother, for his good Services at the 
Siege of the Castle of Riole in Prance, to the Title and Dig- 
nity of Earl Cornwal at Westminster with great Solem- 
nity; he gave this Honour and Castle to him, but soon after 


much Difference happened between the King and him, touching 
the Lordship of Ties, which King John gave to Walers Teu- 
tonic, ioY he alleged that it was Parcel of the Earldom of Corn- 
wal, and caused Possession of it to be taken for himself, 
which Breach proved so great, that the King did injuriously 
take from him this Castle of Berkhamsted; upon which this 
Earl communicated all his Grievances to his trusty Friend 
William Marshall Earl of Pembrook, who immediately re- 
paired to the Earl of Chester, and thro' the Power and In- 
terest of their Friends, raised a potent Army and rendevouzed 
at Stamford, from whence they sent a minatory Message to 
the King, imputing all the Fault to Hubert de Burgh, then 
Justice of England, and advising the King to secure him, 
required also the Confirmation of that Charter of the Forest, 
which had been cancelled at Oxford. 

The King discerning this Cloud, appointed a Meeting at 
Northampton, on the third of theNonesof Aw^us^ next follow- 
ing, assuring them that he would there do full Right unto all ; 
where he met accordingly, and among other hisCondescentions, 
he gave this Earl Richard his Mother's Dowr5^, with all the 
lands of England which did belong to the Earl of Brittany, 
and all those Lands which did belong to the Earl of Boloin 
then deceased, upon which he had Livery of the whole County 
of Rutland, and he was restored againtothis Castle of Berk- 

Anno 1231, 15 H. III. in the Month of April, when the 
Feast of Easter was solemnized, he married Isabel countess of 
Glocester, Widow of Gilbert de Clare Earl of Glocester, 
and Sister to William Marshall then Earl of Pembrook, and 
in the same Year he obtained a Grant of the Mannor, Castle, 
and Honour of Knaresburgh in the County of York to 
himself and the Heirs of his Body by the same Isabel, to hold 
by the Service of two Knight's'Fees . 

Anno 1236, 20 H. III. this Earl with Gilbert Marshal then 


EarlofPembrook,and diversother great Men, took upon him 
the Cross for a Journey to the Holy Land, and for the better 
furnishing himself with money, sold many of his Woods, until 
the latter End of An. 23 H. III. 12.39, and 18 Calends of Feb- 
ruary, the same Year Isabel his wife died in Child Bed at his 
Mannor of Berkhamsted, and was buried in the Abby of 
Beaulieu; but after this Funeral was passed, divers of the 
Nobility met together at Northampton, where they did by 
Oathobligethemselves to go forthwith into the Holy Landfor 
the Service of God and the Church, and he having prepared all 
things ready for his Journey, came to the Abby of St. Albans, 
where in full Chapter he desir'd the Prayers of the whole Con- 
vent, for his good Success, then took his Leave of the King, the 
LegateandNoblesatLondon,andso hasted toDover,whence 
passing thro' Prance, he came;to the Holy Land, Anno 1241, 
25 H. III. where he accepted of a Truce of the Soldan of Baby- 
lon, upon Condition that the French who were Prisoners 
there should be released, and that Jerusalem, with all the 
Parts adjacent should be free from any Molestation, as also 
upon diversother Articles honourable to the Christians, and 
the next Year following Anno 1242, 26 H. III. he returned, 
and the King having Notice of it, with the Queen, met him at 


AnnoVlU, 48 H.IW. he marched with the Kmg to North- 
ampton, against those proud and high spirited Barons,headed 
hy Mountjord Earl of Leicester, and Clare Earl of Gloces- 
ter, assisted the King in the Siege and taking of that Town, 
and then pursued their dissipated Forces into Sussex (where 
the Londoners with all their Power recruited them,) and there 
he commanded the Body of the King's Army in the battle of 
Lewes, where the King and he were taken Prisoners. * 

A7ino, 1271, 55 H. III. he was made Governour of Rock- 
ingham Castle in theCounty of Northampton, and Warden 
of the Forrest, and when he had acted a long Part on the Theatre 


of this World with groat Honour, he had a tedious Sickness at 
this Mannor of Berkhanisted, died upon the fourth of the 
Nones of April, Anno 1272, 56 H. III. His Heart was buried 
at the Gray Fryars in Oxford, under a cOvStly Pyramid, and 
his Body in the Abby of Hales, which was of his own Founda- 

At the time of his Death he held of the King in Capite, by 
Knight's Service theMannors of Berkhamsted and Hemel- 
hamsted, and at Berkhamsted there were 400 Acres of 
Arable Land, 4 Acres of Pasture, 16 Acres of Meadow, 200 Acres 
of Wood, a Park, three Watermills, 10/. Rents of Assize, and 9L 
Rents of Assize, and in the Borough of Berkhamsted were 
11/. of "Rents of Assize, and there were two Watermills, which 
were yearly worth 6/. 13.s. id. the Toll of the Borough was 
yearly worth 4/. and the Perquisites of the Portmoot were 
worth 40s a Year ^'I^h^ 'K^hh^ h^h^h^ h^h^jh h^h^h^ h^^h^ 

Edmond Plantagenet succeeded his Father in the Earldom 
of Cornwal, and Anno 1271, 25 H. III. he accomplish'd his 
full Age of 21 Years, then received the Honour of Knighthood 
upon St. Edwards Day, and soon after was invested with the 
Title of Earl of Cornwal by Cincture with the Sword, and 
before the End of the Year he married Margaret, the Sister of 
Gilbert de Clare Earl of Glocester, and shortly after had 
Livery of the Castles of Knaresburgh, Wallingford, 
Ockham, and Berkhamsted, of his Inheritance. *** 

In an Inquisition upon a Writ of Ad quod Dampmim brought 
Anno 18 Edw.l. the Juryfound that the Earl of Cornwal and 
his Ancestors had, 1. A Court of View of Franc-pledge, and all 
things belonging to it. 2. Full Return of all Writs of the King. 
3. Power to hold all Pleas in his Court which the Sheriffs hold 
in their County Courts, except Appeals and Outlaries. 4. 
Power to attach all Trespassers against the King's Peace 
found within the Liberty, and to keep them in Berkhamsted 
Goal until the next Goal Delivery to be made by the King's 


Justices. 5. Authority to institute a particular Coronet for 
for that Liberty. 6. All Justices assigned by the King were 
obliged to execute their Office within the Liberty touching 
all Matters that related to the Liberty. 7. All the Justices 
Itinerants were bound to hear and determine all Offences and 
Matters in the Liberty which did arise there. 8. The Earl 
shall have all the Fines and Amerceaments of all liis Tenants 
of the Honour of Berkhamsted, before all Justices, and levy 
them by his own Ministers. 9. Also the Goods of Felons and 
Fugitives, the Year, Day, and Wast. 10. The Earl and all 
his Tenants were free of Common Fines and Amerceaments 
of the whole County. 

It was also found by Inquisition, taken at Berkhamsted 
Anno 28 Ediv. I. that there were four Knight's Fees held of 
EdmondEsiTloi Cornwal asof hisHonourof Berkhamsted, 
of which Nicholas de Bosco, held the Mannor of Northcote. 
*** *** and the Jury found by the same Inquisition, that 

Edmond Earl of Cornwal, held of the King in Capite, in 
his Demeasne as of Fee the Castle of Berkham.sted, together 
With the Vill of Berkhamsted, *** *** *** *** *=hhc 
they also say that there was 33s. 6c/. a Year paid for the com- 
mon Fine at the great Court, of which the Vill of Marston 
paid 2s. per An., and the Vill of Wengrave, Is. per An. 

This Earl Edmond *** died without Issue at Asherugg on 
the Calends of October, Anno 1300, 28 H. I. being at that time 
seized of this Mannor among divers others. 

Then this Honour and Castle of Berkhamsted reverted to 
the Crown; and Anno 1308, 1 Ediv. II. Piers Gaveston having 
married Margaret, the second Sister and Coheir to Gilbert de 
Clare Earl of Glocester, Daughter to Joan of Acres the 
King's Sister, at this Castle where the King was present, he 
procured a Grant of the Earldom of Cornwal and this Castle 
to himself and this Margaret in Tail, with Remainder to the 
King and his Heirs, and soon after he obtained a Grant of the 


whole Earldom of Cornwal with this Castle, and the Mannor 
and Lands thereunto belonging, and of the Shrievalty of that 
County; but his Advancement with these rich Possessions 
made him insolent, that he despised the best of the Nobles, 
which exasperated them and inrag'd the People in general 
against him to that Height, that he was forced to fly to Scar- 
borough Castle for Security, where they besieged him, and 
wearied out the Guards within with frequent Alarms, that 
Piers seeing no Remedy, yielded himself, promising to stand 
to the Judgment of the Barons, so that he might have Liberty 
to speak with the King; but as they were conveying him 
thither, a sober Person standing by, told them, that it would 
be a great Folly, having been at such a Charge and Trouble 
to take him, to hazard the losing of him again, saying, That it 
would be much better that he sJiould suffer Death, than that the 
Realm should be disturbed by a War; Upon which they brought 
him out of the Prison to an Ascent called Blacklow, about 
a Mile North East from Warwick, where by the Hands of a 
Welch Man he was beheaded as a publick Traytor, which 
fulfilled the Prophecy, That he shoiild feel th*e sharp Teeth of 
the Black Dog of Arden; for so he used to call the Earl of 

Anno 1329, 2 Edw. HL John, born at Eltham in Kent, 
second Son to King Edir. IL was advanced to the Earldom 
of Cornwal in that Parliament, which began at Salisbury, 
after the Quindesm. of St. Michael, and Anno 1331, 4 Edw. 
111. the King granted this Castle, Town, and Honour, with 
divers other Mannors valued at 2000 Marks per Annum, to 
him in Tail general; and Anno 1332, 5 Edw. 111. upon the 
King's Expedition into Scotland, this Earl was made Lieu- 
tenant here during the King's Absence. *** *** *** 

Anno 1346, 20 Edw. 111. this King advanced Edward his 
eldest Son, called the Black Prince, to the Title and Dignity 
of Duke of Cornwal, and gave him the Castle, Mannor, and 


Vill of Berkhamsted, to hold to him and the Heirs of him, 
and the eldest Sons of the Heirs of the Kings of England, and 
the Dukes of the said Place together with the Knight's Fees, 
Advowsons of Churches, Abbies, Priories, Hospitals, Chapels, 
Hundreds, Pischaries, Forrests, Chaces, Parks, Woods, Warens 
Fairs, Markets, Liberties, Free Customs, Wards, Reliefs, 
Escheates, and Services, as well of Free as Bond Tenants, and 
all other things that belonged to the Castles, Vills, Mannors, 
Honours, &c. And this Duke attended the King in that 
great Expedition into France, where he tho' no more than 
sixteen Years of Age, commanded the Van of that great 
Battle of Cressey, and laid on so fiercely with Spear and 
Shield, whilst the battle continued three parts of the Night; 
in which time the French gave five great Assaults against the 
English, till at last they being conquered, ran away. *** 

The Black Prince granted a Warrant dated An. 22 Edw. 
III. to distrain the Bailiff of Alesbury by all his Goods found 
within the Honours of Wallingford and Berkhamsted; 
and to detain them there, till he satisfie the Prince for his 
Contempt in distraining the Prince's Tenants to pay Toll, 
and until he recompense the said Tenants. *** *** *** 

But the 8th of June. Anno. 1376, 50 Edw. III. this noble 
and valient Prince died in the Archbishop's Pallace at Can- 
terbury, who was in his time the Flower of Chivalry, antl on 
the Feast of St. Michael the Archangel, buried with great 
Solemnity, at ChristChurch in Canterbury; after which King 
Edward created Richard his Son, Earl of Chester, Duke of 
Cornwal, and Prince of Wales. *** *** *** *** 

A?ino 1400, 1 H. IV. Henry of Monmouth, eldest Son to 
King H. IV. was created Duke of Cornwal, and possest of 
this Castle, Honour, and Town of Berkhamsted.' 

Anno 1422, Henry of Windsor eldest Son to King H. V. 
was advaned to the Dukedom of Cornwal, and enjoy'd this 
Castle, Honour, and Town of Berkhamsted. 


: ^^ 

I- 9 

i ^ 


The full story of Puttenham and its lords, who obtained 
their patronymic from their chief possession, has yet to be 
told. In order to obtain a proper conception of Sir Roger 
Puttenham's position in the county, it will be necessary to 
relate what is known from late investigations, of the parish, 
manor, and family of Puttenham prior to his time. 

We have already seen that in 1086 one Roger was the tenant 
of Puttenham holding of Odo, Bishop of Baieux. Odo because 
of his ambition was deprived of his authority, by William and 
eventually in the reign of William Rufus having espoused the 
cause of Robert, was deprived of all his honors. The Bishop 
died in 1099, and presumably his estates in England were for- 
feited to the Crown. Subsequently, the exact date being un- 
known, one Galo may have held the manor, for there is a noti- 
fication by the Archdeacon of Huntingdon to the clergy that 
on the presentation of Richard son of Galo,* the prior and 
canons of Assebi (Ashby) had been instituted as the parson of 
Puttenham in the presence of Richard, parson of the same 
church, and that the said Richard should pay in the name of 
the church of Puttenham 12 pence yearly to the Canon. 
(Ancient Deeds, B 2967-date 1154-89.) The advowson of thp 
church was never after this date in the hands of the lay pro- 
prietors of the manor but remained in the Priory of Ashbyt 

* The name Galo or Golo seems to be unusual. In the Liber Rubeus 
of the Exchequar (p.443) under date of 1166 is a charter of one Radulphiis 
de Gaugi in which is mention of "Golo, a knight," who probably lived in 
the time of Henry I. (1100-1135), and apparently possessed lands in 
Northumberland. This Golo would be a contemporary of Galo mentioned 
in the text. The sources available for further investigation are very limited. 

t Master Robert de Cornerde was parson of the churches of Putteham 
and Wenynton, in 1294. (Cal. Pat. Rolls.) 



until 1309 or later (Cal. Inq. ad quod damnum), but that year 
it is related that the Prior of Ashby granted the appropria- 
tion of the church to the Bishop of Lincoln. 

Tn the meantime there appears a Walter de Puteham. The 
only mention of him so far discovered, however, being of his 
former possession of half a knight's fee in Langeham in Somer- 
setshire, which in 3 John (1201-2) was held by William de 
Avene as tenant of Thomas de Greinville. {Fines published by 
Somerset Record Society.) Walter may have deceased long 
before the date of this fine. There are but two places in all 
England named Puttenham, the Hertfordshire parish, and Put- 
tenham in Surrey, and it is i)robable that Walter de Puteham 
owed his name to his holdings in one or other of those places. 

There are comparatively few records accessible aside from 
the Domesday survey, prior to the reign of Richard I, to which 
the genealogist can turn or from which aitl can be had in 
tracing the history of localities during the period covered by 
the reigns of the first three Norman Kings. 

The records of the King's Court which begin in the reign of 
Richard I, give us another glimpse of the nearly obliterated 
distant past of both these Puttenhams. 

These records have been printed through the first year of 
King John's reign. In that year Galfridus de Roinges sues 
Robert de Barreville for possession of a virgate of land in 
Puttenham in Surrey claiming from the time of King Henry 
(Rot. Curias Regis I, 450 II, 79), and in this case one of the 
knights on the jury was Albric de Danmiartin. There is 
little need of further consideration of Puttenham in Surrey. 
That place was in the possession of the Wyntreshulls in the 
time of Edward I and later, and perhaps, was brought to them 
by Beatrice, wife of William de Wyntreshull, who had gift 
of lands there in frank marriage from Lady Philippa de Neville. 
(Inq. p. 771. William de Wyntreshull, 15 Edw. I.) This manor 
was also held by the Fays. Apparently Puttenham in Surrey 


did not give rise to any family deriving its patronymic from 
that parish. And this fact serves to concentrate and em- 
phasize all mention of individuals bearing the name, attach- 
ing them in some way or another to the northern parish. 

These same records and for that same year, 1199, mention 
a suit l:)y Gilbert de la Hide against William de la Lane con- 
cerning 20 acres of land and apjiurtenances in Bareworth, in 
which suit Reginald de Fortes, Roger son of Simon, Alan de 
Sumeri, and Simon de Puteham are chosen to select twelve 
jurors to determine the case. Among the jurors so chosen 
was Ralph de Pudeham. {Rot. Curice Regis. II 27.) 

At this period the trial by jury was in process of evolution. 
The jurors were "knights" or other "legal persons" (freemen), 
who were supposed to have an understanding of the merits of 
the case, and additional jurors were sunmioned until twelve 
men were obtained who from personal knowledge were able to 
, agree upon a verdict. In this case sixteen jurors were chosen. 
The four men elected to choose the jurors were four knights 
of the county or neighborhood. 

This suit therefore at once places the rank of both Simon 
and Ralph de Puteham, for Pudeham is unquestionably a 
misreading or clerical error for Puteham. 

Of Sir Simon de Puteham, for he seems to have been a 
knight, we have no further knowledge. He was probably 
the representative of the family and lord of the manor, the 
possessor of the Avhole or part of a knight's fee by which the 
manor was held; and very probably the lineal descendant or 
legal representative of Roger who held the manor under the 
Bishop of Baieux. But of Ralph de Puteham or Puttenham, 
who was probably of a younger generation, and may have 
been a son of Simon, there is later mention. 

Ralph de Puttenham is returned as holding a knight's 
fee in Puttenham of the Honor of Leicester, according to an 
inquisition of knight's fees in Essex and Herts made 1210-12. 


(Red Book of the Exchcquar.) In the Testa de Nevill, Simon 
de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, is returned as holding three 
parts of a one knight's fee which Ral])h de Puttenham holds 
in Puttenham. This Simon, Earl of Leicester, was killed 
at the battle of Evesham in 1264. The roll calleil the Testa 
de Nevill contains entries of different dates and reigns, the 
one here (jiioted being of the time of Henry III, and perhaps 
while Earl Simon was an exile in France, that is prior to 
1232, when the estates of Leicester had temporarily escheated 
to the Crown, and imdc^r which condition the sub-tenants of 
the tenant-in-chief b(>came on their part tenants-in-chief of 
the Crown. 

The Earldom of Leicester had previously been in the Beau- 
mont family, and upon that dignity passing, together with 
the Honor of Hinkley, by marriage of the heiress to Simon de 
Montfort, the elder, the tenant of Puttenham came to owe 
fealty to him. 

Ralph de Puttenham purchased property in Stivecle, 
Bucks, in February, 1218, as shown by the following abstract 
of a final concord made at that time. These records are 
entitled Feet of Fines and arose from a legal fiction tlevised 
to permit the alienation of lands by getting around the law. 

This is the Final Concord made in the Court of our lord the 
king at Westminster on the Feast of the Purification of the 
Blessed Virgin Mary, 2 Henry III. Before Martin de Pateshall 
and others, justices, etc. Between Amicia, who was the wife 
of Henry de Clinton, plaintiff, by William de Herburgeby in 
her place, and Ralph de Puteham defendant of two "rengatilere" 
with the appurtenances in Stivecle, wherefor a plea of covenant 
was entered into between them in the said court, etc. And for 
this recognizance, cjuit-claim, fine and concord the said Ralph 
pays to the said Amicia two shillings sterling. (P. R. 0. Bucks 
fines, file 10, No. 10.) 

The lords of the manor of Puttenham held their fees of 
intermediate great barons, except for brief periods, hence 


the series of records growing out of the feudal aids and of 
Hke character, such as the inquisitions post mortem taken 
on the death of tenants in capite, do not serve to supply the 
information which is needed to connect the generations of 
the Puttenham family, or the successive owners of the estate. 
After the time of Ralph de Puttenham who undoubtedly 
died before 1250, and after the death of Simon de Montfort, 
the manor would api)ear to have been held of the I^lantagenets, 
earls of Leicester, from the time of Etlmund Plantagenet, 
the younger son of Henry III, who was created Earl of Lei- 
cester in 1264, and who soon thereafter had also a grant of 
the honor of Leicester. This Edmimd was actively engaged 
in the wars with Scotland and France and died in 1295, when 
he was succeeded by his son, Thomas, Earl of Lancaster. 

During the life of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, who was 
frequently in arms against the king's party, it is recorded, 
in 1303, that the Lady of Puttenham held one half a knight's 
fee in Puttenham which she held of the honor of Wallingford, 
and which she holds for the king. {Feudal Aids 11.) 

At what time Puttenham was transferred to the honor of 
Wallingford and therefore became a jmrt of the Duchy of 
Cornwall is not as yet known. The honor of Wallingford 
was part of the dignities of Richard Plantagenet, Earl of 
Poictou and Cornwall and King of Almaine, who died at 
Berkhamstead in 1272 and was succeeded by his son Edmund, 
who came of age in 1270-1. Edmund in 16 Edward I (1287-8), 
was warden of England. He died without issue in 1300, 
when the honors and inheritance devolved ui)on King Edward 
I, his next of kin. 

This Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, founded the church and 
college of the Bonshommes at Assherugge in Buckingham- 
shire. He granted the brethren estates in Hemel-Hempstead 
in 1285, which grant was witnessed by Henry de Pottenham. 
{Cal, Charter Rolls.) A confirmation the following year also 


bears Henry's name as a witness, and six years later, in 1291, 
another grant by the same Earl to the rector of the church at 
Assherugge antl brethren there, is witnessed by John de 
Pottenham. (Ibid: see also Todd: History of the College of Bon- 
hommes, Ashridge, p. 6.) 

Of this Henry de Pottenham, we have no further knowledge. 
He was probably of the Earl's innnediate household, and may 
very well have accompanied him in his expedition to Wales 
two or three years later; as he is not named in the subsidy 
of 1291, he had probably deceased. 

John de Puttenham is mentioned several times in the 
records of that period. In 1279 John de Cobhani and Elias 
de Bekingham were appointed to take assize of novel disseisin 
by William le Lung of Puttenham vs. John, son of William 
de Puttenham et al. touching a tenement in Puttenham (Cal. 
Pat. Rolls. 7 Edw. I. Deputy-Keeper's Report for 1887), and 
John de Lovetot and Elias de Bekingham were appointed 
to take assize of novel disseisin arrayned on JohnEngayne 
and Joan his wife ?'.s. Hugh de Herdebergh* and John de 
Puteham touching a tenement in Puttenham., 

This same John de Pottenham was assessed 70 shillings in 
Puttenham the same year that he witnessed Edmund's charter. 
No less than thirty-two i)ersons are named in this subsidy, 
John de Puthamf leading. J Among the others were Peter 
and Walter de Putham, of whom below. In 1294 Johan de 
Puthani appears as having land in Totenhale {Lay Sub. 22 
Edw. I.) 

* In the 2.'5 year of Edward I (1297) Ela and Isabel Herdeborow held 
one fee in Puttenham, Herts. Herdeborow, Herdebergh, Herdeby are but 
different forms of one name. The family is frequently mentioned under 
one or another of these spellings in these pages. 

t Vi/hat appears to be "Dno" precedes his name: indicating that he 
was lord of the manor. 

t There is mention of a certain John le Ostiler of Puttenham, in the 
inquisition taken 11 Edward I (1282-3) at the death of Roger de Clifford, 
the younger, who held lands of the inheritance of his wife, who was Isabel 


In 1297, John the son of John de Pottenham is mentioned 
in a cause of novel disseisin concerning a tenement in Putten- 
ham in which his adversary was Piniis Bernardyn. (Cal. Close 
Rolls.) Eight years later he appears with wife Agnes, and 
as purchasing a messuage with appurtenances of Richard 
Payne and Agnes his wife in Tykeford near Newport Pagnel. 
(Bucks fines, 34 Ediv. I, file 58, No. 368.) 

There was also at that period a Richard Putenham whose 
name is joined with that of William de Halpeston as "subballi'' 
of the honor of Wallingford in an inquisition taken in the Hun- 
dred of Wattesdon, Bucks, 2 Edw. I [1273]. (Hundred Rolls, I 
45.) This man may be identical with that Richard de Potten 
who with Peter de Putham, in the time of Edward I, held lands 
in Aston Clinton, Bucks, in common socage as 1-30 part of a 
knight's fee. {Testa de Nevill.) 

Peter de Puttenham was a man of some conseciuence, for in 34 
Edw. I (1306) he was "manucaptor" (surety) for Ranulphus de 
Monte Canisto, knight of the shire returned for Herts. (Pari. 
Writs). His name occurs in other minor mention, l^ut not 
later than this last date. 

Walter de Puttenham assessed in 1291, is probal)ly that 
Walter tie Puteham who with Ralph, lord of Merston, and 

daughter of Robert de Vipount, Lord of Westmoreland. These lands were 
in Bocklande, and Wendover, three acres being held of John le Ostiler. 
(^Cal. Inq. p. m.) 

An ancient lawsuit {DeBanco Roll 59. Hil. T. 1.3 Edw. I) of 1284-5, 
furnishes light upon the parentage of Walter and Peter de Putham mentioned 
with John in the subsidy of 1291. Agnes, widow of John Swyft, sues Peter 
son of Andrews Putenham for 6 acres land and 1 1-2 acres meadow in 
Puttenham. She also sues Robert Goce for 2 acres, and Walter son of 
Edward de Puttenliam for 2 acres, etc., her dower, devised by her husband. 
Thus between the time of Ralph de Puttenham and the beginning of the 
14th century, a period of about half a century, there were certainly residents 
in the parish of Puttenham, and contemporaries, John the elder, Andrews 
and Edward, all of a generation who had parsed away before 1290. These 
men may have been sons of Ralph and because of the small limits of the 
parish, become but small landowners and their descendants in tlie next 

feneration dropped entirely out of sight, probably having ceased to be called 
y the name of Puttenham, which name would naturally adhere to that 
branch possessing the manor and lands. 


R;il))li, the clerk of Ti'iiijj;, witness a release by Alioe (laiif2;hter 
of Adam liassett, and relict of Thomas de Merstone, to Eu- 
plieniia,date wife of Jordan Bassett, of land in Merston. 
{Ancient Deeds, 6, ISOS.) The Merston in this case probably 
beinp; T'leet Merston in Buckinghamshire. 

This Ralph, lord of Merston, appears in other deeds and 
acts of this period. In the time of the Domesday survey 
Tonii; Marston was omitted, probably being waste land. It 
was later erected into a manor, and still later, from about 
1400, was a part of the i)ossessions of the Puttenhams. It 
was attaclied to Tring, and was in a different deanery and 
attached to a different "honor" than Buttenham. 

The above hasty resume of the history of Puttenham and 
its ownei's and i:)rincipal residents brings us to the time of Sir 
Roger de Buttenham, from whose time the pedigree can be 
constructed without those breaks, which although affOrcHng 
oi)i)ortunity for endl(\ss, and often instructive Sjjeculation, 
leave an unsatisfied longing for further details. 

The "Lady of Buttenham," who field that manor for the 
king in lo()8, would appear to Ix^ the daughter»of John Spig- 
ornell. She was undoubtedly the mother of Roger de Butten- 
ham, as his descendant Robert de Buttenham, more than a 
century later, is described as holding part of a knight's fee in 
Merston,* which the Lady of Buttenham had held of the honor 
of Leicester. This is probably the Robert de Buttenham 
mentioned in the Visitation of Hampshire as the prepositus 
of the family. 

In a pedigree found in Harleian Mss. 1535, copied from a 
visitation of Northamptonshire in 1566, with that of 1619 
added, and ))robably a Ms. of the early part of the 17th 
century, Helen, daughter of John Spigornell, is said to have 
married Thomas Buttenham and to have had a son Roger ;t 

* Puttenham in tliis .survey not being mentioned. 

t The source of tliiis information is doubtless some law suit, or possibly 
some charter which was in possession of the Messenden or Frome family. 


.'uid I Ills l{o.u;('f is said hy llic sairic |)('(li<i,i'('(' to have iiad a son 
Henry. Nolliin^' I'lirtlicr has been found of Thomas do 

Their son Ro<;cr(l(' I'lillcniiain was of jifj;*' before i;>ir), as the 
following- (iiial concord siiows. 

r'inal Concord made in ()c1av(; of tlie I'urihcation B. V. M. 
8 I<:d\vd. 11 (i'el)., i;;ir)], helween IU)<;'er de I'uifeham and 
Ahne his wife pK-iinliffs hy Ralph dr- l')rahani pul in (lie place 
of said Ahne and l{ol)'. de (iraveic and y\Hc(! his wife def'% 
of l.'Is. 4(L lent in Penne. Rol)ort and AHce aoicnowledfj^e the 
said rent with the homage and service of WilHani le I'yivcs and 
liis heii's of the teneiiieiil lie formerly held of them tlier-e tx) 
]>('. the ri^hl, of him J{o<';er To have and to hold, etc. And for 
tiiis fine, etc., the said ilo<j;(!r and Aline have <iiven to said 
Ivoherl and Alice CIO. (Ihickts fme.s, S J'Jdir. II, No. '2.) 

This is the first reference we have of the Putleiiham pos- 
sessions in I'enne. i^ltnam l<'arm to-day commemorates the 
one time connection of the family with that i)arish. 

Iv'ofijer I'ulleiih.'im was Ili^li SheriFfof I lertfoi'dshiic in \'.V22. 

'J'he Sheriff of the County was a man of no mean position. 
He was the i)resident of the (Jounty Couit, the assembly of 
knights and freemen of the county, which transacted all the 
business, militm-y, judicial, (is(;al and police (»f the c()imt,y. 
He nominated for election by this same (Jourt, which nic^t 
monthly, the two knights of the shire, thecouidy's re|)resen- 
tatives in I'nrli.'uneid. 

He was the commander of the lesser tenants in ciiief, and 
of the freemen, .'ind of the town levies when calliMJ out. as a 
military foice. 

His duties also inchide(| the protection of the king's int(>r- 

* A (Iccidcd (l(Mil)( li;i.s crept iiilo llic niiliioi's initiil i('f;;;ii(iiiiff tlio 
cornsctness of tlic ciiri.sti;!!! iijuiic of tin- liushMnd of Aiiiin S|)igonicll. Whh 
slic; not wife of Rof^ci I'liMciiluim. No Inifc liiis 1)C( n foiiii(i of ii Tlioiiias 
I'liKciiiiiitii iit. tii;it tiiric; jind tiic datcw niid known fact.s accord more closely 
willi Mh! IJKsory .sliovvn ii> tlu! annexed pedigjioe. 


ests. {ho delivery of siininions by the kiiiix to the magnates 
of the county, the ONersight of the collections of the subsidies 
granted by the king, which he himself ]v\id into the r^xchequar. 
No mere adv(>nturer or new man could occuity such a position 
which carried with it so large a responsibility, and whit'h 
requireil a knowUnlge of local conditions and families in his 
county. That the Puttenhams were by this time a county 
family of recognized standing, is well established by tlu^ very 
fact that Roger was sheriff. 

In that y(>ar (b'l Edw. 11) in which he was sheriff, he was 
serving with the king. The preceding year Hugh Despenser, 
was forc(Ml into exik^ l\v the conf(\lerated barons uud(>r the 
leadershi)) of Thomas Tlantagenet. Earl of Lancaster. 

In January, 1322, Roger Puttenham was exonerated from 
the tines imposed upon the knights and sijuires of Essi>x and 
Herts, in conse(]uence of his continuance^ with the King. 
{Pari. Wiits.) This was for the campaign in (Jloucestershire 
against the Mortimers, preparatory to the recall of th(^ De- 
spencers in F(>l>ruary. which led to th(> battle of Borough- 
bridge, where Tliomas Plantagenet, Earl of Laii,caster, and his 
party were comjilett'ly routed, the Earl taken prisoner with 
most of his knights. Many of these snt!ered death, among 
them Lancaster, in March. 1322. There is a list of the knights 
on both sides, and a roll of arms of those who attended the 
king but there is no mention of Roger's name among either 
party, although a description of the arms ascribed to Sir 
William Heron closely resemble the arms of the Puttenhams. 

A truce had been effected with Scotland in 1324. In 1326 
Queen Isabella, in conjunction with Rogcn- IMortimer, Earl of 
Warwick, raised a rebellion against tlu^ king and as she was 
supported by the country, Edward 11 was dei)os(Hl and soon 
murdered (1327). Sometime during this troublesome period 
Roger Puttenham died, and his widow Alina became wife of 
Thomas do la Hay. 



In 1:^22 Robort SpiKorncll, a prif;st, the son of Sir Ilonry 
th(! juHticf, hiiv'mir ^ono abroad for study made Roger de 
Puttcnhairi his attorney. This is but one of the many instan- 
ces of apparent intiinaey jjelvvecn the Spigornells and Putten- 
hanis whi(;Ii bear out the statement of the pedigrf;e mentioned 
above. Probably Ptoger J^utt(;n}iam and Robert Spigornr-ll 
were own cousins. 

In attempting to relate the occurrences in the life of the 
first Rogei- Puttenham,orof his son Roger, it is necessary to re- 
member that three persons bore this name, Roger the elder, 
his son Roger,and the latter's son Roger, who became a priest.* 
The two f'lder Rogers were both sheriffs, and to a v(!ry large 
extent the; i)ublic liiV; of the son f(;llowf;d closely that of his 

The elder Ptoger was jjrobably born not much if any earlier 
than the accession of Edward 1 (1272). He witnessed there- 
fore in his youth, the development of the policy of Edward I 
which culminated in a representative parliam(;nt, and also 
of that a})le monarch's military successes. It was during 
these years that the commercial and social awakening which 
distinguishf'd the 14th century, began. 

In all probability liis mother was either neice or sister of 
Sir Henry Spigornel, the chief justice, and to his connection 
with that eminent man no small part of his preferment may 
have t)cen due. I'Mward I died in 1307, and the following 
reign was particularly favorable to the placing in lucrative 
and influr-ntiai positions the kin of those who sided with the 
party in |>owf'r. Ivlward II while of a weak nature in many 
resfK'Cts, was by no means the incompetent pcsrson the usual 
hurried sketch of his career necessarily makes him appear. 

Henry Spigornell was one of the justices itinerant of the 
Court of Common Pleas, and of Oyer and Terminer, during 
the latter half of tlu; reign of JCdward I and the whole of the 

* Papal Lctt<T,s mention anotficr priest of this surname, viz. John rle 
Pottenliiun who I'eb., VAU, is called of Ivondon, and granted the canonry 
and prebend of Houth Mailing 


nMii'ii of l*](lw;inl 11. lie first appears in the jiulicial ri^cords 
in 12S1, and was a sit tint!; justice as late as September, 1327, 
a few months prior to his (h^ath. Such a long term of ser- 
vice, beginning under the gnnit l^dward, and through the 
troublesome and distracted reign of the second Edward, 
shows Sir Heniy Sj)igoj-nell, for he was a. knight as well as 
judge, to have be(>n a man of marked ability and resources. 
He was the trusttnl envoy of both lOdwards on more than one 
occasion, and his independence ahd ct)urage was such that 
he sentenced the jiowerful Tiers Gaveston when brought 
before him by the Duke of Warwick in 1312. Sucli a man 
was in a position to jirovide an opening for his friends and 
r(>latives, and it was undoubt(Mlly by this family connection 
that Roger l\ittenhani was brought into touch with the 
]iolitics of the Court. To him also we may assign the appoint- 
ment of .lames Puttenham, as "Janitor Regis cora," a posi- 
tion h(^ held in 1323 at a time when proceedings were instituted 
against- some of Mortimer's })arty. (Pari. Writs.) James 
Puttenham was a contcnnporary of Roger and perhaps a 
younger brother. He was bailiff of Southwerk,' 1325 (Rolls 
of Pari.) and was slain by Robert de Middleton, ''in the time 
of th(^ late king," which fixes his death probably in 1326. 

Pardon und(»r the privv seal was granted to Robert de 
Middl(>ton for this act, S Feb., 1327. He had be(>n confined 
in Roch(\st(>r Castl(> from which he escai)e(l, probably by 
collusion of the keeper Henry de Cobham. (Cal. Pat. Rolls.) 

In 1324 a commission was granted to Sir Henry Spigornell 
to try a suit at law, being the comjJaint of James de Putten- 
ham and William do Puttenham against Alan Rewaud of 
Stokenchurch, Oxon., who they claim carried away their 
goods, and assault(Ml their men and servants. (Cal. Pat. Rolls.) 
This case introducers us tc^ another member of the family 
otherwise unknown. That James and William possessed 
goods, and had both men and servants to look after their 
afTairs speaks weW for their material prosperity. 


Roger do Puttenhani, the younger, is first mentioned in 
1329, when he is a party to a law suit in which John Neyrunyt, 
Sr., is plaintiff and John atte Hay, his son Thomas, Roger 
son of Roger de J^ittenham, Richard son of Simon de Arches, 
John son of Robert de Bracy, Peter le Ken, Robert Seman de 
Crundewell and Thomas son of Rojxu't Gef^'ray are defendants. 
{Coram Hegi, Mich. T. 'A FaIw. Ill, K-lf): No. 2.) 

The cause was a plea of trespass. The defendants not 
api)earing, the sheriff was ordc^red to bring thcnn "before the 
King in the octave of St. Hillary wherever they be." The 
matter was continued from term to term until finally John 
atte Hay and Thomas his son, in mercy for many defaults, 
ap))ear and answer John Neyrunyt of a plea wherefore they 
with J{()ger son of Roger de Puttenham and others by forc(i 
and arms broke down a certain weir in his river at Fleet 
Mershton lately erected together with the piles and timber 
thereof to the value of 100 shillings, and connnitted other 
enormities against the said John to his great damage. John 
atte Hay claimed jo hold one third of the manor of l^^thrope 
on which was a mill.* 

Th(! Neyrunyts were an impc^tant neighboring family, hold- 
ing lands in nearby parishes, and particularly in Pich(>lsthorne 
and lOrle. In 1839 there was fjuite an uprising of the neigh- 
borhood. Among the persons named in a bill of complaint 
by John de Chetyngdon, knight, were l^^dmund Neyrunyt of 
Pichelsth<»nie, John Raumpa^'n of Mershton, Thomas Thedc'f 
of Mentemor, Reginald de Parker of l^ittcnham, l<](lward 
do la Hay, besides three chaplains, all of whom brought an 
.armed force to Erie in Bucks while the king was beyond 
seas, and S(>ize(l cattle worth .€300. {Cat. Clone Rolls.) 

* Tliomas :i(,tc Hay, otliorwisc la Flay, wlio liad wife IClizabctli, con- 
veyed to tlieJ'^arl of Stafford the inaiiorof Difr.swell in Ashewell wliieli tliey 
had of Joan widow of Hein-y (lainet in 19 i'xlward III (1, ■545-0). (Chdunrcy . 
Herts, p. 71.) The Neyrunyt.s also IkuI poswessions in Ashewell including 
the manor of Westbury Nernewter. 

fin 1 r)r)(), a Margaret Theed was godmother to Margaret Goodspeed, 
the mother of John Putnam of Danvcrs. See page XLIV. 


A John alto Hay, king's yeoman, in 1312 had a grant of 
land in Heniol llenii)stoad which had formerly been held by 
Piers (<av(^ston. {Col. Pat. Rolls.) Ho had wife Juliana. In 
1322, John son of Geoffrey le Somenour of I^ei'khamstead 
had licence to enfeoff Thomas son of Jolm de la Have of Ilemel 
Hempstead of a messuage of thirty acres tlun'e and four acres 
of meadow in Berkhampsteatl. {Fat. Rolls.) 

Both John and Thomas de la Hay were King's Connnis- 
sioners, the former a justice. In 133G, Thomas dc la Hay 
and riiilip de Ayleshuiy had commission to siu'vey the castle 
of l^erkhamstead. {Col. Pat. Rolls.) 

John de la Hay was one of the knights of the shin^ in 1319, 
and Thomas in 1337. The latter by reason of his marriage 
with the widow of Roger de Puttenham held the manor of 
Putt(Miham of Sii' Thomas Spigornell with reversion t(^ the 
heirs of Roger Puttenham. He also held a carucate of land 
in Penne ihu'ing the lite of the said Alina. In 1340 Sir Thomas 
Sjiigornell granted Putt(^nham, held of him by service of a 
knight's fee, to Sir Nicholas de la Beche who inunediately 
r(^granted it to Sir John de Molyns, king's yeoman, who in 
1335 had grant in lee from the King of that nu\'^suage and 
carucate of land in Ilemel Hempstead which had foruun'ly 
been granted to John de la Hay for life, and later to Hugh de 
Turplyngton uiuUn- duress by Roger, Earl of March. l)ut which 
the King at his Parliament in the 4th year of his reign (1330) 
had taken back into his hands. (Cal. Patent Rolls.) These 
few facts are (luite sufficient to place the Puttenham connec- 
tion in the jiolitics of those times, and show that they were 
not of the party of Roger Mortimer, but had atlhered to 
Edward II, and lat(M- were j^robably found supporting the 
young King Edward 111 in his resolute and successful effort 
to break down the i)ower of Mortimer. It is doubtful if 
Roger Puttenham was of age at the time of these hapjienings. 
He was included in a general pardon for homiciiles, felonies, 
etc., against the peace of Edward II or of the present King 


ami consoquoiii outlawries, IS Oct., \'A:]S. Those pardons 
were necessary in (he disturlMMl condilion of the country, and 
are characteristic of the tini(>s. In JI>o9 and i;)4() lieaj)[)ears 
as witness to certain grants of John de JVlolyns and there can 
be small (lonl)t he was one of that knight's followers. 

John dc Molyns was one of the king's yeomen or men at 
arms in the time of l*](hvard II. He was the son of one Vincent 
de Molyns, who had also been in the king's S(>rvice. He 
mnri'ied lOgidi.-i, daughter of Sir John Maudiuit of Somer- 
ford, Co. Wilts. He acquired the manor of Stoke Roger 
with Ditton by marrying Margaret, daughter and co-heir 
of Robert Pogeys of Stoke, at which place, by laudable 
services, he obtained license l"oi' himself and his wife Egidia to 
have a fair yearly on the eve and festival of St. Giles; also to 
make a castle of the manor houses of Stoke l\)geys and Ditton. 
Molyns rose to considerable favor and remaiiuMl in the service 
of the king, who in 1385 granted him the manor of Ludgar- 
shall. He also })urchased the manors of Datchettand Fulvner 
from William de Montacute. In 1337 he had a grant in fee 
of the manor of Ih^iley in Oxfordshire, and of the manor of 
Swerford, same county. In 1340 he was made banneret and 
granted the manor of W^Midover for his better support in that 
honor, with a special chaiter of j)rivileges, but before the end 
of the year he fell under the king's displeasure, a fate connnon 
to most of the successful men of the |)eriod. He was accused 
of treason, and imj^risoned in the tower, from which he escaped, 
and seems to hav(> been again received into favor by the king. 
In 1345, h(> obtained restitution of all his lands, with a charter 
conhrming to him the manors of Cokelington, Stoke Tristor, 
and Boyford in Somersetshire. He also obtained a grant of 
£60 per 3''eai' out of the town of Aylesbury, part of the posses- 
sions of John de Fienles (Fiennes) and Robert de Fienles, 
attainted. In 1350 he was sunnnoned to Parliament among 
the Barons. In 1352 he was made steward of (^ueen Phil- 


ippa's lands and lordships with power to supervise aiul re])air 
the castles. . He died in Aj)ulia, being succeeded by Sir Will- 
iam Molyns, his son anil heir, who married Mariivry, daughter 
and heir of iMlmund Bacon; and who in \'M\S, by the death of 
Egidia, his motlun- had livery of her inheritance. 

In the ineantiine Roger Puttenham had taken to himself 
a wife, w'ho probably died not long after, as Margery of later 
evidences, was evidently a second wife. In lo5;>. Roger Putten- 
ham "tlu> (dder," witnesses two releasees to Sir .lohn Molyns 
and his wife Kgidia, and to heirs of the said .lohn, both (hittnl 
at Ditton m^ar Wintlsor. {Cat. C/o,sc Rolls.) 

In 1355, 1858, 1363, 1366, 1367, 1370 and 1374 Rogvr ile 
Puttenham was knight of the shire for Bucks.* T\\v knights 
were elected by vote of those who formed the county court, 
composed ])ractically of those who held their lands in freehold. 
It was a repr(>s(>utative ass(Mnbly o{ the most substantial nu^n 
of the county. Tlu> knights were the representatives of the 
county, aiul reiiresented it in the Parliaments. 

A service as knight of the shire extending oxov a period of 
twenty years was unusual. It shows ;i man oi-" acknowledged 
staiuling, ind(>pendent, and probalily })ossessing rare tact: 
one whose own abilities weri^ probably materially strengthened 
by alliances with fainili(\s of like worth. It is t(^ be regretted 
that the lack of probate records and local riH'ords, which 
b(\gin a century or more later, deprives us largely from knowing 
what th(>se family connections were and how brought about. 
In 44 iMlward HI (1370-1) RoIkmI Stratford, parson, grantcnl 
by deed to Christian Bordolfe th(> manor of Long xMarston for 
his life with remainder to Sir Roger Puttenham, knight, and 
Margery his wife, and the heirs of their body, and for want of 

* The Parliament of 1376, the "Good Parliamont," l>ecauso of the 
inoreasiuir senilty of tlie Kinc;, practicatly assumed eontrol of the govern- 
ment, in which tlie i^hiek Prince t*)ok a prominent part. I'Ahvanl III died 
in the foUowing year, antl was succeeded by liis orandson, llichard. son of 
the Hhiclv Prince. The hUter died that year 1870. Prol)al)ly Sir Roger 
Puttenham's death had taken place prior to 1376. 



A. D. l4oo. 




said issue to the heirs of Roger. (Clutterbuck : Herts, p. 506.) 
This manor, which is in the parish of Tring, and adjoins 
Puttenhani, continued in the Puttenham family for more than 
two centuries. 

As yet the date of death of Sir Roger is unknown. He was 
probably succeeded by Henry Puttenham. Another Roger of 
this period was undoubtedly his son, and may be assumed from 
the instance of Sir Roger being called "the elder" in 1353 to 
have been one of the elder children. In 1379, 16 May, the 
king presented Roger Puttenham, keeper of the chapel of 
Haldewaye in diocese of Salisbury, to the church of Padles- 
worthe in the diocese of Rochester, in his gift by reason of 
the custody of the land and heir of Richard Charles, tenant in 
chief, on an exch'ange of benefices with Walter de Estcole. 
{Cal. Pat. Rolls.) 

Perhapsanothersonor grandson was that Robert Puttenham 
who with Roger Cheyne witnessed a grant of the manor of Erie 
in 1356, and also of the grant of that manor to Thomas Cheyne. 
The Cheynes possessed the manor of Drayton Beauchamp, 
which lies between Puttenham and Trino;. 

We now come to the time of William Puttenham who was 
associated ^^dth Henry de Berkhampstead and Robert de .Aide- 
bury in the late commission of the peace for county Hertford, 
with John, duke of Lancaster,* and the rest, 15 Oct., 1377. 
(Pat. Rolls, Richard II.) Two years later, William Poten- 
ham of Berkhamstead is authorized by Denise late wife of 
William Young of Sutton to deliver to the king seizin of her 
lands and tenements in the halmote of Berkhamstead, for- 
merly belonging to John son and heir of John Hunt of Berk- 
hamstead. (Ancient Deeds, 5458.) 

In 1383, he is described as sergeant at arms and associated 
with John de la Hay, Geoffrey de Styvecle and others in the 

* John of Gaunt, uncle of the king, and his chief adviser during many 
years. At this time Richard was in tutlage. 


Into coiuiuissiou ivii:u\ling Thomas Parker of rhiKlcrnolangole 
to ouquiro what lauils TarktM- hoKl at his iKhhviso. 

This was a jvriod of groat social lUsoontoiit.* Tho "IVas- 
aut's Uovolt" broko out in ISSl.aiul Wat TvKm- was kiUtnl in 
,luno. In Docombor a ciMninission was issuod \o John of 
Avlosburv to arrosi "Hugh tho porsons priosi o\ rutlonham" 
and others who in the h\te insurrection in Herts, ami 
burnt the charters of l-Ahnund de Stonore an^l committed 
other acts o( violence. [Cal. Pat. Rolls.) 

It was probably the \\ ilham Puttenham u\(MUioni\l above 
who married >hirgaret Warbletmi. His son Henryf was 
agcil t>0 and above in bU'^S. and di(\l in 1 17."^ Assvnning 
Henry's birth to have taken phice no{ hiter than 1407, 
we have a possible date o'l about loSO-«H) for the birth 
of his father, but this is uniloubteilly twenty or thirty years 
too late, .lohnde Warbleton, the fatherof Margaret, was born 

* Almut tliis time wo fuul noticv of ;i .lol\n Piithain who was killed, it 
is olaimoii in solf dotViise. by Pavid Smyth ot' Sluirhani. who is thoivforo 
{^^;\rdoiiod from (.aiiiford Jioal (^1,S70\ and of Thomas Pntman who left tlie 
senior of Ildmund Spiivok witiiont his loavo and tMiUMvd tliat of William 
Smith, wlio thorol>v had t o appoar at tho oovirt at Andoxor (,1"^'*^^^^- {Cal, 
Pot. Rolls. Riclumi ll.) 

t The association of llonry ruttonham in tho trust of tho Hrooas ostatt\s, 
{Close Rolla. 1 Kdw. IV.) mentio!\ed on pasje xxiv. History of tho Putnam 
Family, with the Earl of Warwick, anil his lirother Lord Montaixue. 
indicates beyond doubt his allegiance to ti\e Yorkist cause. The date 
of this deed was '2i^ ,Tuly. 1401. but a short time after the corona- 
tion of Edward IV. Bernard Brocas with his brother Thomas, and his 
cousin Hornard had taken part in tho civil war ai\d probably lost iiis life 
in the Yorkist cause. The Brocas family of Horton wore descended fnnn 
Bernard Brocas of .\lton. younj^or lirother of William of Boauropaire, 
grandson of Sir Bernard the brother of Matilda who married Sir John 
I'oxle. The n\anor of Horton was in the parish of l\ddlo.-<lH>roui;h and 
the original l^ucks estates had con\e to the family by purchase from Sir 
John do Chedyngdon in 1308. about the time that Isabel sister of Matilda 
Foxle had n\arried Sir Ti>on\as Missondon. 

Bernard Brocas. father of the younger Bornanl who made Henry 
Puttenham one of his trustees, had died in 1 toi). in the very crisis of the 
war. He had helil tho post of shoritY of Hants in M,">7. which indicates 
that he had not deserted the Lancastrian cause, and indeed tlie older mem- 
bers of the family soom to have adhered to that side, though not taking 
active part in the campaigns. 

Henry Puttenham was a great grandson of Matilda Brocas. 


in I'/Ah and (lied in 1375, and whatever rnay be said in favor 
of the supposition of her early marriage it is not at all probable 
that she was born later than 1370, or that her husband was 
younp;f'r than she. Th(!refore, the date 1350-00 is much 
mon; hkcly to becorrcftt for the birtli of William Puttenham, 
who was pr(;bably hardly mon; than come to age and into his 
estat(; when apf>oiiited on the Commission of the Peace in 
1377. l''rom this time the history of Puttenham and its 
owners may [>(; very [)Iairily traced by the numerous records 
relating to th(! descent of lands and other matters pertaining 
to the subject. The connection with the Warbletoas brought 
the family extensive possessioas in the south of England, and 
ultimately l)rought about th(! removal of the family to Sher- 
field in Ilam|)shire. 

The publication of abstracts of fines passing lands and other 
records of like nature has added much to our knowledge of 
the elder line of the family seated at Sherfield. They pos- 
sessed lands and manors in several counties and evidently 
were in possession of a fair estate, but do not after the time of 
this increase in prosperity appear to have entered into any 
of those paths which lead to [)olitical preferment. The mar- 
riage; of Robert Puttenham with Margaret daughter of the 
famous lawyer and jurist, Sir Richard Elliott, and their daugh- 
ter Margaret's marriage with Sir George Throckmorton, 
the Justice of Chester, were opportunities in that direction 
which apparently were neglected. The descent of the Ameri- 
can family is deduced from Nicholas Puttenham of Penne, the 
younger brother of Sir George Puttenham. After one or two 
generations tli(!Connectionof the Sherfield family with Hertford- 
shire was but nominal. It was not, however, until nearly 1600 
that the manors of Puttenham and Long Marston, held by the 
family for more than four centuries, passed into the hands of 

The chart appended herewith reproduced from the History 


of the Putnam Family in bhiglaml ami AnuM-ica, shoukl be 
compaiiHl with the podip^H' shown ahovtv The first eight 
"iienera lions'" t'lom Simon to William, would seem to ruu more 
}ui>perly as in the tentative pedigree. The hu'ger ehart simply 
indicates by dottetl lin(>s a possible descent of the manor. 
]t should be corrected by th(> t(>\t, which incorporates 
the latest int'ovmation. From (ieuiM-ation \'lll there is no 
change of imi)ortance. 

Tentative Pel 

Simon fif 
Riilph lie 
John de 1 

John rte 
living 130 

Sir Rogei 
born 127 
Herts, 13-2 
in I'enne. 

William de Puttenhani, James de Puttenham, 

living 1324. l.allitt of Southwerk, 

1325. Killed 1326. 

Robert Puttenham. 
Living 134f), of age. 

William Puttenham, 
born about VO^h. Mar- 
ried Margaret Warble- 
ton. Ancestor of the 
Putnam 8 of Sherfleld, 
of Penne, ;ind of New 

For his descendants 
see large chart, p. Hi. 

JREE, Early Generations. 

uttenham, Kniglit, 1199. 
attenham, 1199: living 1218. 
Puttenhani. = 

tenliaiTi, lord of the manor, 1-291. 

ttenliam, ~ Agnes, 


Puttenhani, = Alina Spigornell 
Sheriff of remarried Thomas 
Bought lands de la Hay. 

Sir Roger de Puttenham, = Mar"-erv- 
A follower of Sir John de 2d wife 

de Put- 


a priest, 


Robert Puttenham of Puttenham was a witness to a deed 
conveying the manor of Erie in Pittston in 1346, of which William 
Puttenham was later one of the enfeoffees. In the pedigree 
given by Berry in his Hampshire Pedigrees (taken from a Visita- 
tion of Hampshire, 1G34?), the descent of Sir George is derived 
from a Robert Puttenham. At present the exact relationship 
of Sir Roger, Robert and William remains a matter of conjecture. 

William Puttenham of Puttenham and Penne, perhaps 
a son of Robert, certainly either son or grandson of Roger, was 
born about 1355. He married Margaret, third daughter of 
John de Warbleton of Warbleton, Sussex, and Sherfield on 
Loudon, Southampton, by Katherine, daughter of Sir John de 
Foxle of Foxle, Bramshell, and Apuldrefield. On the death of 
John de W^arbleton, 21 Sept., 1375, various important estates in 
Hampshire came into possession of William Puttenham. 

Margaret (Warbleton) Puttenham died prior to 8 Edward IV., 
1468. Children, order of birth unknown: 
Henry, heir to his father. 

Robert. Robert Puttenham held half a knight's fee in Mars- 
ton in 1428, which the Lady Alina, lady of Puttenham had 
held. (Feudal Aids.) In 1428-9, (7 Henry VI) he is certi- 
fied as Esquire, fit for personal service with the king, and 
who bore "ancient amies." (Sfoive Ms. 662. Br. Museum.) 
William, living 1430. 

In 1422, William Puttenham, Esq., John Hampden, Esq., 
and others, were enfeoft'ed of the mano^ of Erie in Pittston, by 
John Southend of Eddlesboro, and others. In 1406 and 1427-8, 
Robert Puttenham w'as witness to similar grants of this same 

William Puttenham of Tring, Esq., in 1430 was one of the 



persons resident in Herts who "may desjjend X Is by yere and 

Henry Puttenliam, son of William, was aged GO and up- 
wards in Sth Edward IV.; he died July, 1473. {Esch. 13 
Kdir. IV.) 

In 2S Henry VI., 1449-50, he, with Edmund Brudenall, 
Itobert Eoster, and Thomas Louibard, purehase of Thomas 
Hand and Johan ids wife a messuage in Chalfhunt {Fines 28 
Hen. VI.), and two years later, with Thomas Everdon and 
Thomas de la Hay, buys of Thomas More and Florence his 
wife, messuage and land in Wycombe ar.d Huchenden {Fines, 
30 lien. F/., A^o. 81). He was named as one of the executors 
of the will of William Whaplod of Chalfhunt St. Giles, Bucks, 
14 Nov., 1447 (P.C.C. Lnffenam 31) in con.sequence of Avhich 
he joins in establishing a chantry at Chalfhunt. {Lincoln Wills.) 

Henry Puttenhani married Elizabeth, the widow of Geoffrey 
Goodluck, whose will is recorded in Somerset House {Prerog. 
Court of Canterbiiri/, '' Logge" 25). It is dated 25 Dec, 1485 
and proved 9 Oct., 1480. She desires to be buried in the Chapel 
of St. Mary the Virgin, in All Saints of Istelworth next to the 
burial-place of (jcoffrey Goodeluck formerly "her husband: to 
the high altar at Istelworth church she gives her red girdle silver 
gilt, and to the lights of the Blessed Virgin, the Holy Cross, St. 
Nicholas, and All Saints at that church, .she gives 12 pence each. 
The minister and convent of Holy Trinity at Houneslowe, and 
the j)ri()r and convent of the House of Jesus at Bethlehem of 
Shene, the abbess and convent of Lyon, each receive 13 shillings 
and 4 pence. For repairs of parish church at Potenham in dio- 
cese of Lincoln, 20 shillings, at All Saints in Istelworth, 13 shil- 
lings and 4 pence, and at Twykenham, shillings and 8 pence. 
She forbids Maude, the wife of John Chase and Thomasine the 
wife of Philip Payn, her daughters, to disturb John Anger or his 
heirs in the possession of a certain messuage in West Brayneford 
(Md.), called the "Belle" formerly the "Angel," which she had 
lately sold the said John. Residue of her estate to be devoted 
by her executors William Potenham, Philip Payn, and Richard 


Lovet, "to do other works of piety for my soul and for the souls 
of my parents, friends, and benefactors," etc. By a codicil of 
same date, she gives to her daughter Molte (Matilda) Chase her 
white bed with all apparel thereto belonging, in the great 
chamber, also a second pair "fuscians." There is record of a 
suit, 6 Hen. VII {De Banco R. 308, Harrison's notes,) in which 
in a claim to the manor of Maidstone, Matilda, wife of John 
Chase, Thomasine, wife of Philip Payne, and Bridget, wife of 
Robert Stowell, are defendants. The evidence calls them 
daughters of Elizabeth Wi/lands, wife of Puttenham. 

William Puttenham, of Puttenham, Penne, Sherfield, 
Warbleton, etc., eldest son of Henry, above, was probably born 
about 1430. He married Anne, daughter of John Hampden, 
of Hampden, Co. Bucks. She was probably living in 1486. 

William Puttenham was named executor in the will of Gilbert 
Stapleton, vicar of Aston Abbotts, in 1490. His own will is 
dated 10 July, 1492, and was proved at I.ambeth, 23 July, 1492. 
He directs that his body be buried before the image of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary in the Chapel within the church of the Hospital of 
the Blessed Mary, called the Elsingspytell, in London. For his 
daughters he provides liberally, whenever they shall be married, 
except Agnes, to whom he gives £5 yearly, to be taken from his 
manor of Willeigh, in Co. Surrey. The profits of his manors of 
Tannerigg and Willeigh in Co. Surrey and Merston in Co. 
Hertford, are placed in trust until the marriages of his daughters, 
to provide their portions. George, his son and heir. Sir William 
Bowlond, prior of the Hospital of the Blessed Mary of Elsingspy- 
tell, William Tysted, Esq., and William Oldacres, chaplain, are 
made executors. (P.C.C. Daggett 19.) He held also the manor 
of Lagham in Walkenstede, Surrey, which Richard Harecourt 
held of him 1486. Also that same year it was found by inqui- 
sition that John Whitehead held the manor of Estthrop of Wil- 
liam Puttenham. [Inq. P. M .) 

Sir George, son and heir. 28 June, 1485, license was granted 
to William Puttenham, gent., to enfeoff Humphrey Starkey,, 


Kilt., chict" haron df tlie Ex('luM|uar, Jolm Godchu-k and 
others, of his manor of Sherfiehl, held in chief, with except- 
tion of one acre, and for these to regrant the same to (ieorge 
Puttenham, son and heir, and Alice Wyndsor, daughter of 
Thomas Wvndsor anil their heirs, with remainder to the 
heirs of said William Puttenham. {Pat. Rolls. Ric. II.) 

Edmund, of Puttenham, died without male issue. 

Nicholas, of Penne, ancestor of the American family. ■ 



Alioiiore, ni. Richard Pigott, son of Richard Pigott, Esi]., of 
Aston Row ant, (\). Oxon. He held Milk.soppe manor in 
Aston Rowant, etc.: Ch. Bartholomew, who m. Julianda, 
daughtiM- of Thomas Lenthall, Esq., of Lachford, and was 
buried in 15r)8, at Aston Rowant; Edmund; Andrew; 
Sybell; Leonard. Pigott (piartered Puttenham, Sa., a 
stork arg., beaked and legged gu., between eight crosslets 
fitchee of the second. {Ilarl., I'y.V,^: L//Mro»?6f'.v Bucks.) 



Sir George Puttenham, of Puttenham! Sherfield, etc., 
son and heir of William, above, married, previous to 1479, Alice, 
daughter of Thomas de Wyndesor. After her death he married 
Rose, daughter of Sir John Gainsford, of Crowhurst, Surrey. 
She married, secondly, William Sackvjlle, who died at Bletch- 
ingley, Surrey, 153S. Myldreii, ilaughter of W^illiam Sakevylle, 
gent., and Dame Rose Potingham, buried 1541; and on the last 
day of March, 1 04 ">, Dame Rose Potenham, wife of Mr. William 
Sakvylle, buried. {CInirch JJ'ardrns' Arcoinits, Blrfrliinglctj.) 

Thomas Wyndesor, the father of Sir (George's first wife, is the 
ancestor of the Earls of Plymouth and other noted English 
families. In his will of 13 Aug., 147!) he jirovidcd for payment 
of what he owed to William Putteiduim by his daughter's mar- 
riage. Sir (Jeorge Puttenham was knighted u|)ou the occasion 
of the nuirriage of Prince Arthur, 17 November, 1501. His 
arms at that time are described as follows: Quarterly, 1 and 4, 


Sable, crusily filched and a stork argent; 2 and 8, Lozengy, 
azure and or.^ Crest: a hind's head gules. He was of 
considerable prominence in his county, and is named upon 
various occasions in the early part of the Kith century upon com- 
missions of the peace, to collect subsidies, etc. On the 2 May, 
1512, a commission was issued to Thomas, Marquis of Dorset, 
Sir George Puttenham, and others, to review the captain, mari- 
ners, and soldiers under the said Marquis, about to depart for 
foreign parts and to arrest and j)unish rebels. In 1520 his name 
occurs among a list of noblemen and gentry to attend Henry the 
Eighth at the Field of the Cloth of Gold. 

From a fine, <Sth Henry VIII. (1516-17), passing lands and 
messuages in Long Merston, Gobilcote, and Tring, it appears 
that Alice, his wife, was still living. 

From a fine levied IS Henry VIII. (1520), it appears he had 
had possession of the manor of Stoke in Co. Northampton. 

He owned land in Penne, Wycombe, Denham, Co. Bucks, as 
well as the manors of Puttenham, Long Marston, Sherfield, 
Warbleton, Willeigh, Tannerigge, Westfielde, Crighthing, Cate- 
herst, Cuckstepe. He died in or prior to 1535, as upon Close 
Rolls, 27 Henry VIII., 2(1 part, is an indenture dated 15 May, 
26 Henry VIII., between Robert Puttenham, Esq., son and heir 
of Sir George, deceased, and the King, who agrees to grant, etc., 
all the lands, etc., which descended to the said Robert. By this 
document it appears that the manor of Sherfield was valued at 
£40, and Puttenham, Co. Herts., at £25; this manor was in the 
possession of Rose, widow of Sir George, while Tannerigge, Co. 
Surrey, was feoffed to the use of Margaret, wife of Robert Put- 
tenham. The other estates mentioned are Warbleton in Sussex, 
Wylkey in Surrey, Chyngham in Southampton, and Marston in 
Hertford. The total value was £145. 

An inquisition j)ost mortem was taken upon George Putten- 
ham, Knt., 33-34 Henry VIII. (1542), by which it appears that 
Robert Puttenham was son and heir. 

Robert, son and heir. 

Bridget, m. Christopher Bullock, of Aberfield, Berks. 

* For Warbleton. 


Dorothy, m. Thomas Dawbridgecourt, of Stratfield Say, son 
of Thomas of the same. He died 20 Jan., 1539-40. 

Anne, m. John Norton, of Tisted, whose son Robert married 
Mary, daughter of Richard Elyot, the Chief Justice. F'rom 
this marriage Browne Willis derived his Putnam descent. 


Dorothy, m. an Adams of Kent. 

Elizabeth, m. Thomas Oxenbridge. 

Robert Puttenham, son and heir of Sir George, married 
Margaret, daughter of Sir Richard Elliott.* His name fre- 
quently occurs upon the State Papers concerning Hampshire. 
He was obliged to mortgage a part of his estate. Many of his 
indentures are recorded on the Close Rolls. One dated 13 July, 
35 Henry VIII., mentions the manor of Long Marston, now in 
the tenure of John Duncombe, yeoman. John Duncombe died 
prior to 1558, when an inquisition found him possessed of lands 
in Stukeley, Puttenham, and Long Marston. 

On the 6 June, 38 Henry VIII., Robert Puttenham, of Sher- 
field, Esq., sells to Richard Puttenham, gentleman, his son and 
heir-apparent, the manors of Puttenham, Sherfield, and Marston, 
immediately after the death of Robert, upon condition that 
Richard pays £5 semi-annually at the feast of St. Michael the 
Archangel and the feast of the Annunciation of our Lady; also 
upon request, to pay a yearly rent to Francis and George, younger 
sons of Robert, to be taken out of the rnanor of Marston. Prob- 
ably Robert Puttenham died in 1546. In 1544 he furnished 
four foot soldiers, and was present in person in the vanguard of 
the army raised for the invasion of France. 

Richard, son and heir. 

George, of Sherfield. 

Rose, m. Thomas Blundeville, of Blundeville, Newton, Co. 
Norfolk. In the church at Newton, rebuilt 1385, over the 
vault where many of the family are buried, is a monument 

* Sir Thomas Ellyot. Knt., in his will proved 2 July, 1546, dated 1526, 
mentions his brother-in-law Robert Puttenham, Esq. • (P. C. C. Alen 14. 


having Noah's Ark figured thereon, and on either side a 
square pillar, the whole supported by four marble pillars 
forming three partitions, on the first of which are three men 
in armor. The second contains the effigy of a man in 
armor, bareheaded, kneeling, and over him "Thomas 
Blundeville, filius Edwardi;" beneath are two shields, 
Blundeville impaling Johnson, and Blundeville impaling 
Puttenham, Sable, crusilly, a stork argent, quartering 
Warbleton, Lozengy, or and azure. The third part con- 
tains four effigies, viz., the two wives and two daughters, and 
above, "Rosa et Margareta Uxores Thome Blundeville 
cum Fir suis Elizabetha et Patientia." This monument 
was erected in 1571. 

Margaret, m. a Dockwray, who dying, she m., second. Sir 
John Throckmorton, the fifth son of Sir George, of Cough- 
ton, where Sir John and his wife Margaret are buried. Sir 
John Throckmorton was a well-known character in Eliza- 
beth's reign. He was at one time, 1558, Justice of Chester, 
and Master of Requests. He suffered the enmity of Lord 
Leicester. George Puttenham found his brother-in-law 
his firm friend and adviser. Lady Margaret survived her 
husband, who died 22 May, 1580, and lived to see her son 
Francis executed for treason, first having been terribly tor- 
tured on the "equuleus," an instrument shaped like a horse, 
to extort a confession. He was concerned in an attempt to 
liberate Mary Queen of Scots. He was conveyed from the 
Tower to Blackfriars Stairs, thence to the Old Bailey and 
delivered to the Sheriff' of London. Then placed on a 
hurdle and drawn to Tyburn, to be hanged, disembowelled, 
and quartered. This was on the 10 July, 1584. 

Anne, m. John Edwards, of Co. Denbigh. 

Francis, living 1546. 

William, prob. d. y. 

Mary, m. Richard, son and heir of Robert Charnock, of Hul- 
cote, Beds. Esq. Their children were: John, living in 
1634, who m. Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Arundell; 
and Florence, who m. Thomas Emery, of Arlesey, Beds. 


Richard Puttenham, eldest son o( Kohn-t. married Mary 
(laughter of Sir William Warhain, of Malsanger {Chancery <Proc., 
Kli'zh.) She was a graiulniete of the famous Arehhishop. He 
leased to his brother (Jeorge his manor of ShertieUl x\\wu eou- 
ditions which would result in the vud, of that property passing 
to George. As shown above, he had immediate possession of 
the paternal estate after his father's, death, and that same year, 
as "of Warburton, Sussex," uu)rtgaged that manor to AVilliaui, 
Lord Windsor, for £400. lie ]»ai(l a fine o( £40 to avoid knight- 
hood in ir)r);>. lie added to his (\state at and near SluM-lield 
{Close liolls, 1550), being then described as of Stralfelde Morty- 
nier, Berks., but soon after fell into disgrace at (\)urt and retired 
to the Continent, leaving his wife in the care of his brother. This 
was probably in 1501 {vide Machyn's diary). LatiM- he re- 
turned, secretly, for which ho was afterward j)ardoned,— those 
Avere troublesome times — aud while visiting his son-in-law, 
Francis Morris, sold — '22 Oct., 1507 to him and Anne, his wUe, 
his estates, subject to the lease already uuMitioned. This trans- 
action was the cause of a bitter lawsuit between George Putten- 
ham and Morris. 

By the terms of the indenture by which Morris got Sherfield, 
he was to pay £50 semi-annually at the tomb of JeH'ery Chaucer 
within the (^hurch of St. Peter, city of Westminster, also to de- 
liver the carcass of a fallow ileer, called a buck, being in sea.son, 
yearly. The property conveyed is described as "his lordship 
of SherfieUl on Loudon, within the parish of Sherfield or Brame- 
ley Basing, Gowiche, Selchester, Stratheld, Saye, Stratfield 
Mortymer, Turgyes Hartley, Odyam, or Kotherwick, or else- 
w'luMT within the said county of Southanipti»n." 

Richard next appears as a i)risoner in the Court of Kings 
Bench. In 1574 Mary Puttenham asks Thomas Colby, who 
has bought her husband's estate, "to pay her Ium- ptMision (ixed 
on the estate, as her estate is very poor." {.lets Priry Council.) 

In 1578, during the troubles of George Puttenham with his 
wife, Richard wrote him, which letter is on lile (vol. 127, fo. 32, 
Dom. Sfate Papers). He accuses George of ungrateful behavior 
to Sir John Throckmorton. It is a brotherlv letter. 


III ir)<sr), Uicluiid I'litlciiliMiii, "inisoiicr ye secotid time," 
petitions tlie i*ii\y Coiiiicil aiul iiiiikes ('(Miiplairil iifjjainst Mr. 
Sueklord, Master of l{e(|iiests. lie liad Ix'cii in })ris<)M a year 
and eoiiiplaiiis tliat lu' has had money taken from him; tliat his 
ineome is diverted from him lo his wife, who lu; says Colby is 
maintaining' against him; and that in eonse(|iienee of all this, by 
reason of laek of funds, he will die of cold and want of food, hav- 
infj been placed in tlie common jail. Moreover, he says he was 
wron<!;fully condemned. {Doiii. Slair Papers.) 

The will of Kiehard Puttenham, "the nowe prisoner in Her 
Majesty's Bench," is dated 22 April, 1597, and was proved by 
Catherine Pntteidiam 2 May, 155)7.* To his "verily reported 
and reputed (lau<;hter Katherin Puttin^hani and her heirs for- 
ever," he gives all his floods and chattels, etc., and makes her his 
sole executor. {P.C.C. Cohhani .■]!).) He was the last male 
representative of the Puttenhams of Sherfield. 
Children by Mary Warham: 

Anne, m. l^'rancis, son of Thomas .Morris, of Cop(^well, Co. 
Berks. Sold Sherlield, in Hants, [)rior to 1574; ('h., Anne 
ni. a Turner, of Clanlii'ld, ().\on; Martha m. Stephen Mar- 
tin, of Sherlield, Berks.; Alice m. Kihnond Hornejoy, of 
Lincoln; Kalhcrin(! m. Walter Londdon, of Cuiscott, JJerks.; 
.laiic m. Bartholomew Wi'cks, of Ashbury, JJerks.; Mary; 
Warham, Thomas, of CopcwcU, son and heir, rn. Dulsabell, 
(lau{;litcr of Thomas Dennys, of the Isle of Wifjjht, and had 
Thomas, b'raiicis, b-dward, .\nnc, Dulsabell. Morris 
(|nartered .lohncs, Pnllcniiam aiul Warham: 
My an unknown: 

KalluM'inc, her father's executor. 

* Mr. Sidney Lee <|Uotinfi J. P. Collier, j^ives his Ixnial as at St.. Cle- 
ments Dane, 2 July, 1(!U1. An evident error. 


George Puttenliani, tlu* yoiini!;cr of tho two survivinjij sons 
of liobert of Sherfield, is best known as the author of the Arfe of 
English AccorcHng to his own statement he was born in 
1528.* The early years of his life were spent abroad, |)robably 
in the train of some t:;reat noble or ambassador. In the Arte 
of Poesie Puttenliani oecasionally alludes to events in his life. 
He states that he wns a<>e(l ei>2;hteen upon his addressiii"' Elpine 
to Edward VI. — unfortunately this eoni|)osition has not eome 
down to us, — and that he was broufijht uj) in foreign eountries 
and has less knowledge of English courtiers than those of other 

Whatever his education and associations, he leased Shertield, 
with the intention of becoming its future owner, gave a bond of 
£1()()() for the performance of the lease, and, according to the old 
documents on record, "farmed" it for his brother Richard's in- 
terest. I think this lease was made 15 Feb., 2 Elizb. (15()()), 
about the time of his marriage with Elizabeth, Lady Windsor. 
That the marriage occured about this time is i)robabIe, as Ed- 
ward, Lord Windsor, granted Lady Windsor a settlement of 
£240 yearly 18 May, 2 Elizb. She was the daughter of Peter 
Cowdray and second wife of William, Lord Windsor, who died 
1558. By a former marriage, with Richard Paulet, she was the 
mother of Thomas, Lord Paulet. Puttenham's married life 
was not happy. Whether the trouble was his own or of his 
wife's making it is hard to tell. The question of his control of 
her property had evidently something to do with it. 

It was, however, ten years before the legal embarrassments 
of Puttenham reached a crisis. As we have seen, Richard 
secretly returned in 1567, and dcecled the Sherfi(>ld estates to his 
son-in-law. On 21 Jan., 15()8-J), the Bishop of Winchester pro- 

* Aged 50 in 1578, which agrees with his claim that he was but 18 in 
1547 wlien he addressed Edward VI. with ''Eljnne." 



tested ajiainst placing George Puttenhain in the Commission 
of the Peace, on account of his "evil life/" "a notorious enemy 
of God's truth." The worthy Bishop also begiied Cecil to keep 
Sir Robert Oxenbridge, Kalp Scroope and others out of the 
Commission. (10 Rpt. Hist. Ms. Com.) In the meantime the 
Privv Council had ordered Georire to pay certain sums to Rich- 
ard's wife, which he very properly reserved from the rent; but 
without legal right. This pretext was seized by Morris to regain 
possession of Shertield, which lie did in 1 oTO. The matter was 
not finally settled till 1583. Puttenham resisted ^Morris, at- 
tempteil to make a forcible entry upon one of his estates, and 
with his men was seized and thrown into prison, from which, 
however, he soon was released. His case going against him, he 
probablv made use of some strong language against the court, 
and haviuii' denonnceil as a traitor one Hodges, retained by him 
as a <'c)-between, Hodges lodged information against Puttenham, 
accusing him of a design to kill Secretary Cecil. The papers are 
in existence and are interesting reading. It seems he had 
armed his servants for the purpose of "terrifying" ^Morris, and 
so had rendered himself liable under the laws of the realm. 
This and his harboring a man accused of murtjer, together with 
a pretended offer to Hodges of 500 marks if he would kill Secre- 
tarv Cecil, are in brief the chief accusations against him, of all of 
which he was acciuitted. 

Later Puttenham attempted to recover from the government 
a sum of money, £900, alleged to lune been wrongfully taken 
from him by his obedience to the Queen's commanils. In this 
he failed, but the following decision by the Privy Council seems 
to place him in a fair light: "I know no cause ti) move me to 
think otherwise but that George Puttenham ought to be relieved 
of the forfeature, whereof Morrise took advantage, for I know^ 
that George Puttenham's relieving of his brother's wife, whereby 
jrrew the cause of his forfevture, was bv order of the council 
upon the lamentable complaint made to her Ma^'^ by Ri: Put- 
tenham's wife." This forfeiture was that of his bargain of in- 
heritance by the stopping of rent u{n)n the ownership of Sher- 
field chanji-ing hands. 



In tlic iiiciiiitiiiic l*utlciili;iiir.s troiihlc.s willi LjkIv Windsor 
had readied a cliinax. In I")7S lie was repeatedly siiiiiiiioiied 
to appear before tfie Privy ( oiiiieil. On one occasion lie excuses 
his refusal to a|)pear on account of oiitra<,'es feared from Lord 
Paulet, and says: "My daii<;cr is not small in respect to my wife 
and her children, wfio lia\c Ion};- desired my dcalli." -X^ain, in 
a letter to Sir John Throckmorton, to whom lie had transferred 
much if not all his [)roperty, and who was lookinj^; after his in- 
terests at court, he writes that lie is now on the point of (ift\' 
years, and has been five or six times waylaid, twice by the Lord 
Thomas Paulet and his servants, and his fijoods taken away from 
him, and twice or thrice other times by Mrs. Paulet's servants, 
being assaulted with swords and (lafi;<;ers. He <joes on to com- 
plain of the slanders against him by his wife and her favorites at 
Court. Jn another letter he writes of the great labor in his causes 
before the Privy Council which Sir John Throckmorton has been 
put to "for my cawse at the pursewt of the La. Wyndesore wliere- 
of ye write ye are assured w-e shall be eased." 

Finally a safe conduct was issued and he })rocee(led to London, 
only to remain in hiding for three weeks, until Sir John Throck- 
morton, by means of a little French girl who was I'nfteidiain's 
messenger, discovered his retreat, had him arrested and brought 
before the Coun(;il. 

In his examination he testified that the first passing of writings 
between hitnself and Throckmorton was at the time of his final 
going beyond the seas, about the fifth year of Llizabeth (ITAVS), 
which statement seems to contradict the statement of Ilasle- 
wood, his biographer, that he was certainly at Spa about L57(). 

A settlement of financial troubles was finally effected by 
Throckmorton betweei> the mismated couple, and Puttenhana 
continued to occupy Herriard, his wife's inheritance, which 
seems to have been his home after the loss of Sherfield. 

Shortly after Throckmorton's death, Frederick, Lord Windsor 
instituted a suit against Puttenham, claiming that certain lands 
chargeable with an annuity to Lady Windsor, granted by Ed- 
ward, late Lord Windsor, had been transferred toThrockmorton 
and that the payment of £20 yearly rent to Edward, Lord Windj- 

lllsrOKV Ol' PllK rUTN AM l'A>lll,V. 

sor. line as loiiu' as I'liltt-nliain and Ladv \\ iiulsiM- HncmI l()>;flluM", 
had hiHM) sl()|)|)t>d sonic scvimi \(-ars siiuc, w Iumi l\d\\ard. Lord 
AVindsor, \\(Mit hcvoiul s(\is. 'Moi-covcr, PutttMdiam had utterly 
N\aslcd l.adv Windsor's cslaU" and he. I'^riMlcricIv, liad \>ccn 
ol)lii;tMl to |)ay l.adv Windsor I'SO .sinc(> Mirhaclnias. at which 
rutliMdiani was niucli (hsplrascd. Also tliat said PutfcMduun 
and l,ad\ \\ indsor, the f\(>rnlor iA' ^\illianl, Lord Windsor's 
will, had induciul W illiani, one oi' his sons, ti> claim a Icii'acy thcv 
knew had already l)»>cn paid, and cont'csscd the demand. 

As \ ("r\ little nu)re a|)j>(Mrs on the conri I'ccords is it pi'ohahle 
that he was lt>l't in coni|)arative peace the rtMuaindcr of his lite, 
and t>vid(Mitly he reiiain("d the favor oi i-lli/aluMh, the loss of 
which \\c so >;reatl\ hi-wailtNl m loTS. as he hccaini- one of her 
gtMitlcman pensioners, and toward the (MuI oi his lift" basked in 
till" sunshine id" the (\)urt. in w Inch life lu" so much dtdi^hted. 

Purin^' his tours abroad lu> iiad usimI his powtM's of obstM'vation 
to good atlvanfagt". and he dcvscribcs some of his experiences in 
his works, lie visiftul the t-ourts of Kraute. Spain, ixnd Italy. 
llaslewooil thiidvs it not nnlikelv he visited thi> Courts o( Italy 
in the train of Henry, Karl .\rundell. as he describes himself as 
witnessing; a feast given by the Put'hess of Parma ti> that noble- 
man at the Court i-if Hrusstds. This was probaidv in looS. when 
the lA>rd Clunnbcrlain. Lonl .Vrunilel, was jointed on the eom- 
missiim (or settling the terms of [>eace with France and Scothuui. 
<.M' his numerous w (U-ks only tht> .l/-/c of KiKjlish Poisir and Par- 
thciiiiulfs, published in 1579, are known [o exist. The first of 
these was entered upon the register of the Stationers" C'ompany 
Nov. 9, loSS, and pid>lished autun uuuislv in l."iSi), dcilicated to 
Sir William Cecil. Knf.. Li^rd of Hurghley. the same Cecil whom 
he had been accused of a tlesign to murder. I'nfil ui)w no ro- 
j<earch has provcil successful in th^fcrmiuing the authorship oi 
the Arte of l^orsir. In l(»()o, Kduunni lUdton, in a manuscript 
tMititleil II i/prrcrifica, notes that "(^neen l-'li/.abeth's versos, 
those oi which I have seen and rtvul to sonu- extent in the elegant, 
witty, and critical Hi>c>k oi the .\rt of Knglish Toetry {t\\c work, 
as the fame is") oi one of hor gentlemen pensioners, Putteuham, 
are princely as her prose." 


In 1()1."), Riclinrd Carcw, wriliiiii- of tlu- " 1''\ct1I(Micim of llie 
Eiifi^lisli T()n,uu(\" sitys: " Voii slmll liiul tluit Sir lMiili|) Sidney, 
Master Putteiiliain, INIastcr Staiiiluirst and <livors more have 
made use how tar \v«' are within compass of a fair iniai;int'd possi- 
bility in that behalf." 

Puttenhani thorouuiily niasl(M-ed the coniijh'x rnhvs of (>x- 
pression then pri'vailiuii;, but, while his verse has sonu> uu>rit, lie 
was not a jioet. lie advanced one or two oi-igiual ideas, since 
accepted by niodern writers, but his work should \)c jndi^ed from 
the sland|)oint \\c hinist>|f us(mI, as h(> protVss«\s fo have written 
for tlie Court, and not for tiie school. He says: "Our chief j)ur- 
pose herein is for the learninij; of ladies and young- <v(Miti(Mnen, or 
idle courtiers, desirous to become skilful in tluMr motlier tongue, 
and for their private recreation to make now and then ditties of 
pleasure." It has been said of him that he was a candid but 
sententious critic. 

His will is nuncupative and dateii about the 1 Se{>t., ir)<)(). 
He is styled (leorge l^utenham, of London, Ksi]. To Mary 
Symes, widow, his servant, "as well for the good service she did 
him as alsoe for the nu)ney which she hath layed forth for him, 
all and singular his goods, chattels, etc. It was proved by Mary 
Symes 14 Oct., 1594. {P.C.C. /)/.r// (i9.) 

That Throckmorton's comment, |)erhaps made in a fit of 
lietulance, that oiu'c his end was served he was careless of all 
men, was not deserved is shown by tlu> following epitaph from 
the Artr of Pocsic upon his "deere friende, Sir John Throg- 
morton. Knight, Justice of Chester, and a man of many eom- 
meiulable vertues, 

"Whom vertues ronio. envy hath overtlirowon 
And loiiiiOil full low, under this marble stone: 
He never were liis vahies so well knowen. 
Whilest lie lived here, as now he is gone." 

Sidney liCe* says of the author of Arte of Pocsic, that "he may 

* Dictionary o( National l?iograpliy. See also (^rot't : Memoir of Sir 
Thomas Klyot, prefixed to the lSSoeditioi\ of Kiyot's "(ioirnior." Sir 
Thomas J<]Iyot was a diplomatist and an author of high rank. He died 20 
March, 154G. 

1 \ \ i i i 

uisroKY or vnv vitnam rvMiiv. 

t.inU Ih> roi:.;Utlr(l iis l\\c tirst Ivu^lisli w ntiM" who attt-iuptoil 
pMl»>sv>jihu"jil t-rilii-ism of litoriifiiro im- il;iiui(>il tor tlu^ liliMarv 
prolrssion a lui:.h pv^siluMi in s»>oial rooi\(>in\ " I ,ih\ althous;h 
liaviuii" a^•^vss io \\\c orij^iual paptM's i'i>noonnui;' CJoorgr ruttou- 
haiu. al'tiM" a nu>sl irilual oxaiuination. favors tlio siipp»isitii>n 
that tho aiitluM' was Kiohaid riitttMihain. Mr. I .ot^ in sfatiiii; 
that it IS not known that t,iror;:<> rntti-nhani over KMt l-'n^land 
ovorUn^koil tht' statiMUtMit m <u\o of (.iov>rgo ruttonhani's lottors 
that his tinal visit "fron) l\nglanil" was in lol>;>. This of oonrso 
rtMulns it unlikclx that hr was at Spa \\\ lo('>>"\ auil it is »]nito 
{MobabK^ that Kii hard w ho was abn^ad ilnriivs;' mauv voars muv 
havo fvirnislioil his brv^tluM" witli inanv anooilotos of tH\'iiroiu'os 
in fiMviiiu phuvs. Thoro appears no i^otnl n-ason \o asrribo tho 
authorship »>f tho " Artr" to othor than (.loori^o ruttonhani. 

Till': ri'TNAMs oi' ri<:NNM. 

Nicholas PuttOnliain or i'iiln;iiu ;is Ilis (Icscciiihinis (juilc 
,M.s l"iri|ii(Mill\ s|)i>I1(mI [\\v iijimc, liv(>(l ;il ruliinm I'liicc in i'cmic. 
'I'liis rsliilc |)rol);il)lv cmiiu' iiilo jiosscssioii of \\\v t";iiiiilv in \'A\F} 
ill lUv \\\\\r of Koi;*'!" ['iiIUmiIimiii. rnliiam |»l;ic(> is now ;i r.inii 
lioiis(\ ;in(| ;i r;iil\\;i\ sl;ilioii |)(M'|)(>I tliit(>s [\\v n;inu'. 

'VUv |)rol»:iI)l<- (I;ilc of llir hirlli of Xicholns rnllciili;i in is ;iI)OMt 
I UiO. Nolliini;' nn>ic is know n of liitn I li;i n M|i|>i';irs in llu" \'isil;i- 
tioii of l^iicks w Ihmc IIh- IN-iinc r.iniily iiic iicrordiMl |1h> smuic 
jirnis MS IIh- elder line. Ilis son llonrv is not nicntioiKMJ ii\ llu* 
visilalion, w liicli i;ivt's onlv \\\v v\i\cv son .lolm, l>ul lli(> hillcr in 
Ills will of iriLM) njinirs liis brolluM" Henry, ;is W(-ll ;is Sir (Iror^o 
Putl(Mili;ini, llms conlirniiiiix llie |>iMlioiTe. 
(^Iiildren : 

.lolm of Penne. 

Henry, li\ ini;- I !'>'2{\. 

Johu PuttOnhaUl, of l\Mine. elder son of Niehohis above, 
lell .1 will (ImIcmI LT) l-'eh., If)!'!'), provi-d (1 M;iy, \ i'^ll . He dirtM'ls 
IIimI his body bt> buried in llit> " elinr(li(>yerd of llie Holy Tryuylye 
of Penne, niyli nnb) llu^ iuilb^- of llie holy aposlyll." To Ihe 
mother eluireh at Pineolii. to ehnrcli .it I'lMine, small leii'aeies. 
To his danuhier Mar<;;ir«"l ; to his brother 1 lenry, his " ehand)lelt. 
dobl(<tt at L'Os;" William Payn; Kobt-rt I'Trend. To Margaret, 
ills \\\\\\ his lands and tenements in l\M)ne and Wieombe. eo. 
]iiieks, I'or lii'(> w ith remaindtM- to his son and heir, .lohn rutlenam 
[sir), in del'anlt of heirs to son (ieor<;«> with remainder to son 
liobert, in default ot' his heirs to "H.Miry my brodtM', and in 
<>vtMil of his d(>ath without heirs to Sir (Jeorii'e rulleidiani, Kt." 
Wife Maruaret «>\eeutri\, and KobtM'l Porniarand Koberl Crani- 
fold, supervisors. (Arch, litirhs.) 

He ni.irried Margaret Py^oll. 




CliiMiiMi; ^witli i'\ic|>lion i>l' M;iri;;ir(i, luiiiit'tl in \ isitation of 
I. ■)('•(■) ^; 


Joliii, who il. v. /I. Ill- 111. M;ir\, thin, ol' Ivirliaiii \ Cnu'N i>l' 
MiddIo ("iavtloii, iMicks., who lu., sccoiui, lu>i;,or Siki[>|>c\ 
of Staiilakr, ("o. (Kon.. i^tMit. 

(Jcoriic. of rfuiic, hi-^ IhoIIum's heir. 


llt>lh'ii. ilu~(l 111 iiilaiii'v. 

.loliii Piiliiaiii ol rciiiu' was siiccTOilnl at rutiiaui ThuT by 
his src'oiul son («<'oi-i;i- who luarrioil Isahi'l ilaiii;iit«M' ol' ,li>hn 
Slirviuptou ol' (Miippiiii;' \\ ironihc. (Jt>ori;t> rutnaui h'i't a will 
dated JO Si-pt., loSo. provi'd ,"> May, 1">*>(). Ilo was siurotHlcil 
by his stH'ond son William, who was hiiriod at ronne, L'S July, 
UiiiS. NtMtluM- lu> or his brotluM' Kii-hard wimv siirvivotl by malo 
lioirs, and thr t-state passod into tlu- hands ot" roprcst'iitativos i>f 
tilt- dauiihtors, 

Fi>r I'urlhor details of this laniily si-e .1 llistori/ of the l^ttnam 
Faintly in I'Jnijland and America, pp. wviii \1. 

TiiM iniTNAMS oi' \vlN(;l^\\ I-: and 

Honry Putliaill, vouM^cr son of \'i<liol;is ol' l\'iiii, WHS 
livini;' ill ir)L'(l. 

His will li;is iiol Ix'fii I'oiiiul. He \v;is donltllfss lli(> I'mIIht 
not oiilv ol 

Hicluirtl, of l'",il(llcsl)oroui;li ;iii(l \Voii<;liton, l>orn ;il>oiil ir»()(), - 
hill of 

.loliii, of Slii|»loii .111(1 I hiwiid^c. Mild 

Tlioiiiiis, of l''ddl(>.sl»oroiii;li. 'I'lic hillcr's will \\:is d.itcd ."J I 
An;;-., lATo, ;iiiil proved Ki Srpf., following;'. lit- owned 
Scwcll. In KlL'S MjilllifW :iiid 'riioiniis INillcnliii in were 
aiiion^' llif li('.i\irst assessed iiiluiltiliiiils in I'lddleshoroilj^li. 
Mali hew was of llocU'iihali and left a will which was |)roved 
;{() .lime, l('t.>('). 'riioinas, who di<>d in iCiiiS. lu-ld (>ne third 
pari of Ihe iiianor of Xorlhall (tis. Cowdwell, which [t.issed 
to his son (i.ihricl HI 10. (Fiin' lio/l.) 

Richard Pvitnain, of l'M<lleslioroii;;h .md VVoujihlon, Ihe 
pn>l)al»le eldest son of llenrv I'nlnain, ahove, is inenfioned in the 
Lmt Siil)sidy of Klfli ll«-n. \' 1 1 1 . (I.'")_'l), :is of " I'Mleshmv." 
while in Ihosc for llic Nth and l.'')lli lien. \' ill . he is sivled 
Uychard I'lillynhn. l''idin Ihis same roll it a|)|»ears that .loliii 
lN)ttiiiaii, of Slaplon, was assess»'d Is. The roll is hadly niiitil- 
atcd. M(ldlesl>oroii;;li is nearly s\u-n)unded by lli(> county oF 
llortt'ord. It was a town of considerahle iiii|iorlaiice as «'arl\' us 
1',VA'2, and was Ihe chief seal of llu" S|)i«;'ornells. Slaptoii 
joins on Ihe west, and \Voii)j;liton, whither Hichard removed, 
perhaps on the death of his father, who may have heen liviiifjj 
there, is hut a dozen miles to Ihe north of lsddleshon)iijj;h. Win- 
jjjrave is ahoni the same distance from Woii^hton. The re<:;ister 
of NVou^hloii het^ins in !.'>.')('), hiil is ill("<i;il)le iiiilil l.'").^)S, and, until 


Ixxii nisTOKY ok thk ih tnam family. 

1, ">!»(), [\\c ou[cv halt" of oacli pa^'t" ha-^ hoon ilrstroyotl. 'l^liiis in 
si>iiu> instaiurs tho name ami in sonio tlio dates sutlVr. 

'Vhc rluirrli. a tine spoeimon of its stylo, was lately restoreil. 
at his t>\vn expense, by the ivetor. Kev. Mr. Field, w ho is an en- 
thnsiastie anti(|nan. 

Mr. Field loeated the farm oeeupied i>y tl\e Futnams i>f the 
17th etMitni'N as Kini:; nearly oppi>sife the reetory and toward 
Stonv Stratford, heiuii" on the farther or south side i>f the eaual. 
The property is now owned l>y Mr. Howies, while the name, ro- 
nuMiihered dindv l>\ an a^ed parish I'lerk in eonmn'tion with 
si>me pareels of laud, has long sinee been lost in that vieinity. 
From the wills extant anil fnnu the ehurehwardens' aeeounts it 
is evident the younger hratieh o( the family living at \VoughtiMi 
Were substantial yeouiau. Kiehard Futnam left a will, a eopy 
of whieh is on reeord at Somerset House. 'Fhe name of the testa- 
tor in this instanee is s[)elled Futhnam. and he is styled as of 
" \Voughton on the (iroue." He ilirints that his btuly be buried 
in the ehurehyard at Wt>ughton. Vo Ji>an his wife, he leaves 
his house in Slapton, with remaimler io his son John, and all the 
goods she brought with her at her marriage. To ,Iohu he also 
gives £,'>. (>. S; to son Harry, huul in Woughton. To sou John's 
wife. bsh. Sd.. and to every ehild that he hath Due sheep. 'Fo 
his (laughter .loan he gives £t>. 13. 14, aud toeaeh of herehildren 
a sheep. The residue of his estate he gives to son Harry whom 
he makes his exeeuti>r. 'Vo the high altar at Wtnighton he gave 
■Is. (Overseers John, his son. auil Uyehard Brynkelowe. Wit- 
nessed by ,]o\\u Chadde. Laurenee Wylson. with others. Fhe 
will is elated \'2 Oee.. lo.">i>. and was pnned "Jb Feb., 1550-7. 
(. I /■(•/(. Bach.) 

The register for the year ^obo iHrntains an entry of whieh but 
the name, Jone Futnau\. is legible; it uiay be the entry of burial 
of Rii'haril's widow, who was likely a seeond wife, or the bap- 
tism of a daughter of Henrv Putnaui. 

.lidin. oi Wingrave. elilest son. and aut'estor of the Panvers 

Harrv, of Woughton. His will dated 13 -hilv. 1579 was 


'.■'^««r*v . ".-iv. 

A i 



-nil', ri'l'NAMS Ol- WINCKANK. ANI> Wi)lHJHri)N. IXMU 

proved .'>( >(t.. l.")?'.*. 1 lis sons \V(M(>; Ivicliiird wlio inluMih>»l 
his I'jitlu'r's lioiisc jiiul hiiuls at \VoUi;lilt>ii iiiul dit-il in l()i;>. 
aiiil llai'i-v of WOlnciloii whose will wa-- |>ro\i-il '_'() ()ct., 
hiJo. Kicliard's will was provtMJ 1 L' .Ian., I(l|.'; II and 
nnMilions sc\»>ral sons ainoiiijwhoni was I'ldward who was 
I\I.A. (>ricl ('olh>^r. (>\iord. I(')J7, and prcscnicd in Itl.U 
to tlu' li\ in^' of ( I real \\ ()i>lsfon, w hich parish adjoins W on^h- 
ton. IK- Ixnanu" possessed of the advowsi>n of tlu" (luireh, 
and died l()7l leavini;' a will. His widow, I'riseilla died 
in London in Ki'.H). h'or I'urtluM- lU'tails i-eii'ai'dini;" tlu> 
Wonii'hton Tnlnains s(h> llistori/ of the I'litnam FantiUj in 
bliUfhuni (ind America. 
.lona, inariMfd pi'ior to I. "),">('•. 

John Putnam, of Kowsham. in Winuiave, theeltlest son o{ 
Kiehard of W Oniihton, was luiiied in \\ini;rav(\ J Oel., I;")?."?. 
Mariiaret Putnam, who was l>inii>d '27 -Ian., lodS. was prolmhly 
liis wifi'. 

His will is (hdtMl \\) Sept., lo7i>, and proved I I No\ ., that vear. 
He direets that he he l)niied in tlu> ehnrih or ehniehvard of Win- 
y;ravt\ To son Nicholas \\c j;'iv(\s £',\(), as well as ealth\ sht>ep, 
l)nrh\\. eir., etc.; Kiehard reet>ivt\s the house and lands at Win- 
ji'rave, and hinds Ivini;- in the liehls oi" Ivowshani ami ^Vini;■^av^^ 
also t w iMit \ no hies. \\c di\ i(h's his lloehj'of shet>|) I lins : Nicholas. 
two o'l the best; Katervne Mosse iio\l hiVt^couph>; Kiehard and 
Thomas (i\(> of next l>est ; and hejpieaths sn>iill h-i;aeies to llu' 
follow ini;' persons: Mllvn l>nncuml>(\ IvaliM'in ^losse, Wdliain 
IJrandon, oodsou; Kohert Kowe. Mothei- (iilh-im. ^Villiam (Jil- 
him, H;irve WaktMuan, Kempster. Skelton, widow K!itl\\ (hcr- 
vSetM's, Mr. Hensliaw and .lolin Puncundx-. \\ilness(>d hv KolxM-t 
Nixon, eh"rk. -lohn Kowe, Thomas (irvnc. .lohn W inchesltT. 
{Arch, liiich:^-.) 

'rin> registers at \\'ini;ra\ t" are in ("xcelhMit condition, hei^in- 
ninii' with !.").")(); hut from Itiil to KilO. tluM-e is a ji'.'ip, and from 
l()l,") io I (),").■?, W(>r<> poorlv kept. Tlu^ church has Ixn-n consider- 
Jlhlv improved o\' lat<\ the defactMiients iA' the church-wardens of 
the earl\ |>art i^l tlu" ccntur\ havini:; l>een iiMiio\ed, the old win- 


dows opened, and many interestini; evidences of ancient church 
art, both painting and sculpture, revealed. As here John Put- 
nam, who came to Danvers, was baptized, this edifice is of. more 
than ordinary interest. 

Wingrave includes Kowsham, and is between Aston Abbotts 
and I^ong ^Nlarston and Puttenham. Settled at Wingrave were 
the Goodspeeds. Dnncombes, Hardings, Stonehills, anil other 
families bearing the same names frequently mentioned in the 
wills of members of other branches of the family about this time. 
It is probable that intercourse between the people of the Vale of 
Aylesbury between Tring and Aylesbury was constant. As 
mentioned previously, non-conformity had a firm foothold at 
Long Marston and in other parts of Herts nearby. The farmers 
and yeomen of this {)art of Bucks were of good estate, the land 
being exceedingly fruitful. 

Nicholas, probably born previous to 1550. and perhaps as 

early as 1540. 
Richard, of "Wingrave, d., s.p., buried at Wingrave. 24 June, 
157G. By his will, dated 21 June, and proved 17 Oct., 
1570, he gives to his brother Nicholas his house at Win- 
grave, his free lands and leaseholds bequejvthed him by his 
father, John Putnam. To brother John and his son 
Thomas, Ellyn Duncombe, Harry ^Vigge. William Brandon, 
Johan Duncombe. Brother Thomas executor. (Arch. 
Thomas, of Rowsham, d., s.p., buried at Wingrave, 2 July. 
1570. He married, 10 Nov., 1574. Agnes Britnell. In 
his will, dated 20 June, proved 7 July, 1570, he mentions 
brothers John and Nicholas, and Thomas, John's son, also 
sister Johan ]\Iacham, and W'illiam Brandon, Ellyn Dun- 
combe. Harye Wigge, brothers John and Richard Bricke- 
nell. Wife Annys, executor. Overseers, "my well beloved 
friend Maister Triamor Smithe of Edlesborough. and 
Maister John Blackenell of Wingrave." 
Margaret, married at W'ingrave, 14 June, 1573, Godfrey 


Nicholas Putnam, oldest son of John of R.owsham. above, 
probably born abont 1540; married at \Vinji;rave, 30 Jan., 1577, 
Margaret, daughter of John and Elizabeth Goodspeed. She 
was baptized at Wingrave, Hi Aug., 155*), Nieholas Goodspeed* 
being godfather and Margaret Theed and Margaret Milne god- 

Nieholas Putnam lived in Wingrave until about 1585 or later 
when he removed to Stewkeley. He iidierited property from 
his father and from both his brothers, and undoubtedly for the 
times was exceedingly well to ilo. His will is dated 1 Jan., 1597- 
and was proved 27 Sept., 1598. It is given in full below: 

In the name of God Amen the first daye of Januarie Anno 
D"" 1597. I Nieholas Putnam of Stutely being sieke in bodie 
but of a whole mind Pfiet memorrie thank be to god doe dedeyn 
and make this my last will and testament in maner and forme 
followinge, first I bequeath my Sowle to Almighti god my bodie 
to be buried in Christen menes buriall. 

It. I geve unto John my Sonne all my howes and landes being 
in the fielde and towne of Abbots Aston when he eometh to age. 
It. I geve unto my wife all my gootles untill sueh time as my 
Sonne John eometh to age and then he to have halfe {irifJi herf). 
It. I will that yf my wife and my sonne cannot agree to dwell to- 
gether that then my sonne John shall paye unto my wife V^^ a 
yeare as longe as she liveth yf she keepe her widdowe, yf she 
marrye then my sonne to pave her V't* a year soe iij yeares after 
her marriage and no longer. It. I geve unto my iiij children 
Thomas. Richanl, Anne, and Elizabeth to everi one of them X'l' 
to be payd them by my wife and my sonne John when they come 
to the age of xxi yeares. It I make my wife and Sonne John my 
executors jointley together to Receive my debtes. Their hearing 
witness Wm. Meade, Bennet Conley and John Meade w"' others 
Prov. xxvij. Sept., 1598. {Arch. Bucks.) 

Margaret Putnam, married, second, at Aston Abbotts, 8 Dec., 
1614, William Huxley, and dying four years later, was buried 
there 8 Jan.. 1618-19. 

From the record of marriage licenses granted at St. Albans it 

* Nicholas Goodspyde, John Aged, and Nich. Grasse, were witnesses to 
the will of John Grace, the elder, of Rowsham in Wingrave, husbandman, 
13 May, 152S. {Arch. Bucks.) The Graoe family, toward the end of this 
century, was one of influence and wealth in Wingrave. Tliey appear, from 
their wills, to have been in about the same position as the I*utnams there. 
John Goodspeed was buried at Wingrave, 20 Jan., 1602. 


ap|>o;irs tliat liiiMiso ti> luanv was had by William Hiixlev of 
AstiMi Ahh(>ts, w i(li)\v(M-, and Margaivt rutnaiu i)t' the same 
]>hu'c. \\iili>\v. John rutuam of Aston Al>h()tt^. hnshanihnan. 
was surety. 
("liiKlrcn, bapti.'.oil at \\inura\t>; 

Anne, hajU.. 1- Oet.. 1.">7S; ni. at AsfiMi Al>hotts, iM .Ian.. 

mot ■». William Aruetl. 
,)i»hn. hapt., 17 Jan.. 1570; o( Salem. Massaehusetts. 
Klizabeth. hapt.. 11 Feb., loSl. ni. at Aston Abbotts. 2J Ovt.. 
1(>1L\ Falwaril Hotfoine. iMi.: Kiehanl. bapt., -t Nov.. 
Ibb'i. Marie. ba[>t. o Nov.. ItU,"). Fli/abeth. baj)!. U> 
.\uu-.. Ibis. .b>hn. bapt. L'7 Pee., IblM). Robert, bapt. 
:> Pee.. 1(>-JI.* Kdwaril Hothani burieil ;U Mareli, l(vl2. 
Thomas, bapt.. 20 Sept.. loSl. 
Kiehard. ba{itisin not t'ound. Living in loit7. 

John Plltuaill, of Slapton. a younger son of John o{ Win- 
grave, owneii land in Kildlesborougli. FriHu his will, dated 
o Mareh. 1504. and proved L?S Feb.. 1505 t>. it appears he whs 
possosseil of fair estate. He apfunnts his brother Nieholas Put- 
nam and Kiehard Sawell. overseers, and his wife Margaret and 
son riu>mas. exeeutors. 

It is likely Thomas, the elder >on. was the issue by a former 

The will oi ^largaret, wiilow of John, is dated 2 July. IblT, 
proved I Oc[., lb 1 7, by the exeeutors. She mentions son Bar- 
nard to whom her freehold in Ibnton in Fddlesborough. he pay- 
ing the four eliiUlren of William Au\es. £5 eaeh; also her daugh- 
ters Agnes and Margaret whom exeeutors; also her son John's 
two ehildren. Fhomas and Joan, who n\ay have been the wife 
of William Ames, are not mentioned. {Arch. Buck.''.) 

Thomas, b. prior to 1 57b. 


Margaret 1 

Joan '^ under 10 in 1504. 

Anne | 

Barnard, b. subsequent to 1585. 

* Thort" was a Robert Hotliam of Ipswich. Mass.. in 16o2. 


John Putnam, of ll.iwiid^c, IJucks, was |)rc.siiiii:il>ly a, 
youiifi'cr son of llcmv I'litnam, and iiiHloiibtcdIy a lnollicr of 
Ric'liiird ot" VVoimlitoii. Ha\\rid<;'(" is williiii Icii miles of Slaplou 
and Eddlosl)()r()U<:;li, and is divided tVoin \Viiit;"nive l»y llie [)arislies 
ol" Drayton |{('aii(liam|), vvlicrc a biaiicli of (lie laiiiily resided, 
Jiiul I'liUenliaiii. His will is dated 7 Oct., [fyfA), and was proved 
20 A[)ril, lAfd, by A<;iies, the relict, his executrix. William 
I'utnani of ( 'hoiilsbiiry was one of the witnesses. 
CiiildrcMi ; 

William, of Chonlsbury. 

Hiehard, of llawiidi^e. 

Edward; an i'Mward I'ntnam was marri(!d (i Nov., ir)(il, at 

Cheshain, Mneks, to Joan ('oek. 
IInf:;h, ol" (Jreal Cliesliani, yeoman; n>arri(>(l widow (-hristiaii 
Booth and di(Ml .s.p. liy will, dated 2(1 A|)r., ir)()(), proved 
1 Sept., IT)!)!), he directs that two tenenuMits lor the poor ol' 
the parish be erected on the |)lot of ii;ronn(l within the ehnreli 
yard where the church house I'ormerly stood. His home 
and lands after death to <i'o to Mark and .lohn, sons of his 
biother, {{iciiard IMitnani, To his brother, -lohn I'utnain, 
his house and land l)ouj;hl of Kiehard Kchnoiuls; also a, shop 
and barn, and his house and land at Hottey oceu|)ied bv 
Thonnis (Jate and William W'ier; also his houses in Haw- 
rid<i'e, char^'eable with a yearly payment of (> <S to the poor 
of lialberty and Chousbury. To Mark, son of brother 
l{ichar(l, honsivs and lands in <2,'reat Misseiulen, and in 
Chnrehfeild, also laud on road from (^hesham to Hawridf^'e; 
to ,lohn, brother of Mark, a house in Havvri<l<j;e and other 
|)ro|)erfy. To the three dans., A<;'nes, Kli/.b., and -lane, of 
Hiehard I'utnani, £5 each. To his sister ,'\i2;nes (Jate and 
her dau., Joan (Jate. Kesidue to brolhei- John, whom 
ji e.xecutor. The will of his widow was proved 17 Au<i,\, \{\0'A. 



.loliii, of Ilawr'ulii'c. 

Aiiucs, perhaps nianird to ( yThoinas) Gate, by whom she 
had a (hui. .loan, uiiniarritMl in 1590. 

William Putnam, of Clioulshurv, Bucks, the oldest son of 
John of Hawridfie, made his will 14 Apr., 1575, which was 
proved 5 Aiijx., 1579. He made his son Thomas executor, and 
his son John overseer. To all of his children he leaves legacies 
varying from £2 to £13. 0. S. 

Among the Additional Charters in the British Museum is one 
(5165) by which Frances Russell, Lord Ru.ssell, Earl of Bedford, 
grants to William Putman a messuage and land in Choulsbury 
and Hawridge, Bucks, 8 Aug., 3 Eliz., 1561. 

He is probably the William who married at Chesham, IS Nov., 
1547, Cicily Gaate. [Chesham rcghier.s.) 

He left a wife Jane. 

His children, except William, mentioned in his will, were:- 

William, of Drayton Beauchamp, died in lifetime of his father. 

Thomas, of Choulsbury, inherited lands there and in New 
Grove, Drayton. 

John, of Tring. 


Henrv, of Choulsbury. He inherited lands' in Wilstone, and 
Farrats in Drayton. 

Annis, m. Cocke. 

Amye, m. IS July, 1568, John Harding. [Tring Reg.) 

Ellen, m. Robert Duncombe. Ellen, wife of Robert Dun- 
combe, buried 26 Aug., 1600. {Tring register.) 

Jane, m. Byrche. 

Jane, m. Feyld. 

William Putnam, of Drayton Beauchamp, Bucks, eldest 
son of William of Choulsbury, left a will dated 20 Nov., 1575, 
proved 30 April, 1576, by his widow the executrix. To his son 
William he gives £10 and the ground at Wilstone in Tring which 
his father has j)romised him; to Henry, Robert, John, and Joyce 
each £10 when 21, and ten sheep and a cow. To John and 
Anne Vounji; a bullock each. To Drayton Church, 203. His 


brother RohcM-t to be overseer. One of the witnesses is Henry 
Stonhill. lie married, at Drayton, 23 July, 1564, Agnes Young^ 
and was buried there, 20 Dee., 1575. 

Drayton Beauehanip, adjoins Puttcnhani. The register begins 
with 153S, and shows the baptisms of four of the ehildren of 
William and Agnes Putnam. 


Henry, bapt., 27 Jan., 15()5. 

Joyee, bapt., 30 Aug., 15(18. 

Robert, bapt., S July, 1571. 

Thonuis, baj^t., 15 July, 1576. 


William Putnam, eldest son of William of Drayton, mar- 
ried Elizabeth, by whom he had two children, baptized at 
Drayton. He probably is the William who married 18 May, 
1590, Mary Cardell (Tring Reg.), and was buried there 8 April, 
Children, by Elizabeth: 

Mary l)apt. Drayton, 14 July, 1582. 

William, ba|)t. Drayton, 19 May, 1588. 
By Mary: 

John, bapt. Tring, 27 Eeb., 1590-1. 

Thomas Putnam, of Choulsbury, second son of William 
of Choulsbury. His will was made 28 Sept., 1641, and proved 
28 Sept., 1644, by his son Thomas. He mentions his wife, son- 
in-law Richard Ware and Mary his wife, and their son John; to 
his son Thomas he gives his house and appurtenances in Chouls- 
bury and Drayton, and after his death to his son James; his son 
John £8, and to each of his grandchildren. Overseers, Kins- 
man Nicholas King and son John I*utnam. 

Thomas, of Choulsbury, left a son James. 

John, probably of Wigginton, Herts; will 1691. 

Mary, m. Richard Ware, and had a son John living in 1641. 


John Putnam, of Tring. yeoman, son of William of Chouls- 
bury. and ovorsoor of his fatiior's will lo9o. His will was made 
30 July. 1011. and proved o April. 1(U8, l>y Richard his son. the 
exemitov. To Kiehard he ijave Brians (unne. and to his either 
children, John, Uohert, Joane l\ol>insi>n, Alice Phillips, and 
Amy Stonhill, leg'acies. 

John, bap. Tring, i!o Dec, 1500. Of Tring. Will [Proved 
17 June, tOol. His only son John left an only child Susan. 
Annie. Iniried \'2 Sow, loOS. 
Annie, bap. Triui:, i) (.'>ct., lo(>0. 
Annie, bap. Tring, -4 Nov., Io70; m. o July. 1o^)l!. Henry 

Richarvi, bap. Triui::, 24 June, 1574. laved at Prayton Beau- 
champ where his tiescendants were living 1072. His will 
was proved _(> April. \&2(\. 
Robert, bap. Triuir, 14 Apr., 1577. Robert Putnam and 
Alice Wallis m. 15 Oct., 1001; Aixnes. wife of Robert, buried 
IS Pec. 1000 {Tritu] Rcg.'^. Also Mary Putnam, m. 10 
Sept.. 15llL\ John Stonnell. 

Joane, nu Robinson. 

. bap. Triuii". » 

Alice, m. Phillips. 

Henry Putnam, o( t'houlsbury. youngest son of William of 
Choulsbury. His will was made 1 Apr.. 150S, and proved 22 
May, 159S. He makes his wife and son Willian\ executors. 
His brothers Robert Ouncombe and Thomas Putnam overseers. 
To son William his lands in Choulsbury; to son Robert, under 
21, "Parratts" in Drayton, and to youngest son Henry, "Mar- 
shell" in Hawridge; to eldest dau. Jane £20 on condition she do 
not marry Daumser; other daus., Kllen anil .Vgnes ^youngest): 
sister Jane Byrche; to Edmund Byrche. 

Tring register records the marriage of Henry Putnam of 
Choulsbury to Agnes Doneomb of 'Pring, 20 Nov., 1570. 

William, of Choulsburv 



Robert, of Heinel-Hempstead? 

Harry, of Drayton and Haw ridge. 




William Putnam, llawrido-t-, yeoman, eldest son of the 
above Henry. Will dated 11 May, 1()47; proved by relict Jane, 
4 July, 1648. Brother Henry Putnam overseer. 

Feet of Fines, 13 Chas., I. William Putnam sells John Penny, 
of Anynrvine Bryan, a messuage and 90 acres in Cheshani, 

Henry, of Billendon, in Chesham. Will proved 29 March, 

Francis, of Barkhampstead, St. Mary, als. Northchurch, Co. 
Herts, yeo. His will is dated 5 Nov., 1673; and proved 
17 Nov., 1673. His bro., Henry of Chesham, sole executor, 
to his bro. Henry's son Francis, £500; his bro.'s son Henry, 
£200; sister Jane Wright, of Chesham, £20. Residue to 
daus. of bro. Henry. 
Thomas, of Virginiaf 
Jane, m. John Wright. 

Thomas Puttnam, of Chesham, son of W^illiam, j^erhaps 
the William above. He made his will on board the Increase, 
bound for Virginia, 29 Dec, 1647. 

To his son Thomas Putnam he gives £20 out of forty-three 
pounds, nine shillings due him "in England by my father W'ill- 
iam Putnam's will dwelling ham shire in Chessum parish." The 
remainder of the legacy he gives to his wife Dorothy, provided 
she pay unto Sara Miller "at Holburne Barre in Middle Rowe'' 
the sum of £5; to John Salter he gives £16, 16sh. due him from 
Henry Bottum of St. Clement's Church. 

Witnessed by Arthur Broniwell and John Bigge. Probate 
on the above will was granted 22 May, 1659, to John Smvth, 


husbaiul o't Vovo[\\y Smyth alias Putnam, tlio late wit'o and sole 
executrix named in will of Thonuis Putnam the elder, deceased, 
for the sole use and during: the absence of the said Dorothy and 
Thomas Putnam, the son of the said deceased, now both in Vir- 
ginia, beyond sea. [^P.C.C. Hutht-n, 197.) 

Richard Pnttnam, of Hawritige, husbandman, son of the 
first John o{ Hawridge. His will is thited 12 June. 1577, and 
proved ti Oct.. 1577. by the executrix. Joan, his widow. Over- 
seers, Hugh Putnam and Richard Byrch, his brethren. 
Children, all of \\ hom were under 10 years of age in 1577, all 
mentioned by their uncle Hugh in 1590: 
Mark, given land in Great ^lissenden by Hugh, his uncle. 

Burleil at Penne. 8 Dec, lt)47. {Pcnnc Regi.s-ter.) 
John, born 1577-S; mentionetl in will of uncle Hugh, 1590. 
and given a house in Hawridge. Adm. on his estate was 
granted 12 Nov.. 1058 to son Thomas. He also had son 
John. A Lay subsidy of CJreat Misscmlen, of 1028. men- 
tions this John Putnam and Zacheus (xould. 


John Putnam of Hawridge. Bucks, yeoman, youngest son 
of the first .]o\in of Hawridge. Will dated 8 Dec. 1592, proved 
1() July, 1593. To his wife Jane his lauds in Hawridge. Ches- 
ham, Aberry, and elsewhere, until his sons are of age, when 
Thomas, the elder, is to have such as lie in Hawridge and Aberry, 
and John his lands in Botley in Chesham and houses in Great 
Chesham. He leaves many small legacies, among them one to 
his son-in-law James Benninge (probably a step-son). Over- 
seers, Mr. Richard Bates and Richard Byrche his brother-in-law. 
Children, all minors in 1592: 







The i-oat-of-anns of the Putnam family of Salem. Massachu- 
setts, ami its various otl'shoots. found in every State in the Union, 
in Canada. Australia, and in Old Eno-land.'is a silver stork sur- 
rounded by eight crosses crosslet-fitchee. and placed upon a 
black tielil. The Crest is a red wolf's head. 
^ rieraldically the above coat-of-arms would be described: 
Sable, between eight crosses crosslet-fitchee (or crusilv-fitchee), 
argent, a stork of the last, beaked and legged gules." Crest, a 
wolf's head gules. 

These arms have been borne by the Putnams from earlv times, 
prior to the Visitations, and are ascribed to Sir George Putten- 
hani of SherHeld; and to Nicholas Putnam of Penn, the latter 
bearing a nuillct for a difterence. Such are the arms described 
in the Visitation of Bucks by Harvey in lo(5(> and U)34. and in 
the Visitation of Hampshire in the latter year. 

The quarterings as given in the Visitations are: Lozengy. or 
and azure, which is for AVarbleton. 

The following coats-of-arms are found described bv Burke in 
his General Armory: 

PuTTEXHAM of Sherficld. 1034. Argent, crusilv fitchee sable, 
a stork of the last. Crest, as the last. 

PUTTENHAM or PuTXAM. Bedfordshire and Penn. Co. Bucks, 
Sable, crusily fitchee argent, a stork of the last. Crest, a wolf's 
head gules. 

PUTMAN or Putnam. Sussex. Sable, a martlet between six 
crosses crosslet argent. 

PuTTKXHAM or PuTXAM. Sable, a hercn in an orle of crosslets 
argent, beaked and legged gules. 

Putnam. Sable, a bend between six crosses, crosslet, three, 
two, and one. 

All of the above except the last are practically the same coat. 



I have been unable to locate any example of the one last de- 

Several instances occur in the IGth century of families impal- 
ing or (|uartering Puttenham, and from the known rank of the 
ancestors of Nicholas Putnam it is probable that the stork and 
crosses have been borne from the beginning of our family history, 
certainly at the time of the intermarriage with Warbleton. 

John Putnam of Danvers, to our knowledge, never used coat 
armor, although entitled to by birth and position. He was the 
actual head of the family, as the two elder lines, those of Sher- 
field and Penne. had become extinct in the male line, and the 
Putnams of Woughton, Hawridge, and Eddlesborough were of 
younger lines than the Putnams of Wingrave. 

During the Revolution the Hon. James Putnam, the younger 
son of James Putnam, P^squire, of Danvers, and younger brother 
of Doctor Ebenezcr Putnam of Salem, made enquiries, as may 
be seen from his letters printed in this history, about the origin 
of the American family, and his son, James Putnam, Esquire, 
obtained a grant of arms based upon the assumption that the 
American family was descended from the Penne family. The 
arms granted are as follows: Sable, a stork argent, beaked and 
legged gules, within au orle of eight crosslets fitckee or, on a chief 
embattled of the second, a roman fasces in fess proper. Crest: 
A wolf's head gules, couped at the neck, per fess embattled, 
gules and or. The motto adopted by James Putnam was Moveo 
et Persevero. This family is now extinct in the male line. 

While it is extremely })robable that the various Putnam fami- 
lies in America whose ancestry is traced back to some other an- 
cestor than John Putnam of Salem (Danvers), if of English de- 
scent, come from the same stock, presumablv the Hawridge line, 
yet until that is proven they cannot consistently bear the stork 
and crosses. In roll of 1262 and 1277 the following arms are 
ascribed to William Herun, Crusilly Or, a heron argent. The 
field may be gules. See Papworth's Ordinary and Harl. ^NIss. 
0137, 6589. Sable, a heron argent, was borne by Herun of 
Northumberland and Scotland. 

The Putmans and Putnams descending from Jan Putman of 


Albany are of Dutch descent. There is in existence an ancient 
tile, which may be as old as the migration, upon which is painted 
the arms described below, of undoubted Dutch origin. For 
many years this has been considered by them to represent their 
coat-of-arms, and I believe the right to bear those arms has never 
been questioned. 

Arms of Putman, Putnam of Albany: Gules, on a fesse argent 
between three boars' heads erased close or, a lion passant sable. 
Crest, a boar's head or, snout and tusks argent. 


Spigounkll-Waubleton of Wakbleton and Sher- 
field-Foxle-Apuldrefield-Brocas -Hampden- Whales- 
borough-Aylesbury-Sir Robert Belknap-The Counts of 
Dammartin-Faramus, and the Counts of Boulogne-the 
Royal descent of John Putnam of Salem. 


The family name Spigornell is dcrivccl from Mspigornell, 
a sealer of writs in the Exchequer. That the name of the 
office was borne by its possessors after ceasing all connection 
with its duties is proven by various documents, which also 
prove that several "espigornells" founded families, and that 
their official title was continued j)y descendants as the family 

There are very early references to this name in the Norman 
rolls, and during the 13th century we find in England Walter 
de Spigurnell, 1216-24, Richard Spigornell, 1210, .Jordan d(; 
Spigurnell, 1215-16, Gervase Sj)igurnell, 1243, John S[)igur- 
nell, 1251, and another John in 1297, in additifui to Nicho- 
las, Godfrey, and Henry Si)igornell of whose families some 
slight notice appears below. 

The name Spigornell or l*]sj)igurnel (it occurs fre(|uently 
in both forms applied to the same individual), is by no means 
confined to the counties about liondon, and was borne in the 

* The materials for tin's skefcli are found in tlu^ j)ul)lishe(l records of 
Great Britain, chiefly the Close Rolls, Patent Rolls, F(Midal Aids, etc., and 
Inquisitions post.-rnortein, together with what uiay Ix; found in Morarit's 
Essex, subject to correction, and in the Dictionary of National Biography 
and the authorities there cited under Sir Henry .Sj)igornell. 



14th century by so many individuals not connected witli the 
court as to lead to the belief that the title was not restricted 
to certain otficials of the king's court, but was given to 
persons jjerforniiiig similar duties in other connections. 

The best known family of Spigornel is that which was 
founded by (rodfrey Spigornell, one of the king's Serjeants 
at arms, who in 1207 obtained a grant of land at Skeggeby 
in Nottinghamshire, later confirmed to him by Henry III 
in 1228, and 1227. He was a valued adherent of the king, 
and in 1230 his son John was pardoned for killing a man of 
Norwich. Little else is known of this John, except that 
probably he was the father of Sir Edmund of Skeggeby, 
Notts., and of Standon, Herts, who died in 1295 and was 
succeeded in his estates by his brother John, who was then 
over 40 years of age and who died in 1308-9. John left a 
son and heir Edmund of Skeggeby and Standon who died 
1314-5, leaving a son John whose daughter Joane was his 

The arms boi-ne l)y this family are described by Morant 
as Quarterly gules and or, in the second and tjiird quarters a 
fesse of the first. 

Nicholas Spigornel* had lands formerly held by Nicholas 
son of Bernard, in 1244. He was espigurnell of the exchequer 
in 1242, and sheriff of Essex in 1264. In 1266 his son Ed- 
mund gave homage for lands held by his father at his death. 

Sir Henry Spigornell, knight, was one of the law barons 
summoned by Edward I to his ])arliament. Undoubtedly, 
it was through his good offices that Roger Puttenham ob- 

* Nicholas Espigurnel with wife Agnes and John de Merke and wife 
Alice ai'e mentioned in tlie ( Jascon Rolls of 1242 in connection with land 
and ajjpurtenances in Roeng Marcy, probably in Essex. This would seem 
to suggest a connection with the Skeggeby family of this name, who 
became possessed of lands in Standon wliich were held by Edmund Spig- 
ornell, who died 1295, of Ralph le Merk by three quarters of a knight's fee. 
His son John held the same by tenure of one half of a knight's fee. The 
epitaph, in old French, of this John was seen by Morant and is printed by 
him in his History of Essex. 



taiiiod ])rof('niipnt. The reason for (his is seen in the mar- 
riage of Thomas* Puttenham with Helen or Alina Spigornell, 
daughter of John Spigornell. This marriage, together with 
a brief pedigree of three generations of the Puttenham family- 
is set forth in a pedigree of Fronie, in Harl. Mss. 1553, fo. 41b. 
In this pedigree John Spigornell is set down as lord of Buck- 
ingham, which, except it was of some temporary tenure; 
would appear to be an error, as that manor was at that period, 
and for several generations later, jiart of the possessions of 
the Braos family. 

The same pedigree is responsible for the statement that 
Alina, wife of Thomas Puttenham, and her sister Annis, or 
Avis, the wife of John Frome, were coheiresses of John 
Spigornell. If this statement is correct, Sir Henry could not 
have been a son of John Spigornell. His parentage is, how- 
ever, unknown. The statement that he w^as a brother of Sir 
Ednunid Si)igornell of Skeggeby, and Standon, is not sup- 
ported by any record evidence known to the writer, and is 
apparently disproven l)y such facts as the records do show 
regarding his family. 

In 1324, there was a return made by the sheriffs of the 
counties of tenants in capite who were liable for military 
service, between the ages of sixteen and sixty years. Sir 
Henry Si)igornell is returned by the Sheriff of Bedfordshire 
as over 60 years and unable to attend military service. As 
he was one of two justices appointed to hear a certain cause 
in the absence of the chief justice, in 1281 (Abbr. Placitoriim) , 
it is evident he was born earlier than 1263, probably as early 
as 1250, which would make him 78 years at his death in 1328. 
He was, however, serving as a judge as late as September, 
1327. His name appears constantly in the judicial records 
of the reigns of Edwards I and II, from 1290 to 1327, he 

* So called in the old pedigree, probably however, this was Roger 


Simon Spiirornell of Shirin- 
ton.lnq. i>.ni. 1*«. n:\<l wite 
Mai-iXiuet. His next heir was 
Sir ileury Spig'ornell. 

Stephen Si>ij;nrnell. Held 
lands in Covessinive and For- 
tho, Notts, wiiicli were sold to 
Sir Henry his hrothei-, 1317. 

[Jane] = Sir 

probably boro 

first wife. men 

is ret 





John SpiL'-ornell, Knt. o 
the Sliire for ISeds, l;i<i7 


Master R<djert Spigornell, 
a i)riest. Parson of the church 
at Klvele. WasabroMdtostu<ly 
i:W7-i;i:W. Livins' 1344. Gave 
power of attorney to Roirer 
Puttenham. Aet. 21, in 1319. 


= William Spignrnell, of 
Eddlesboro, In<i. p. m 
13(l".l-7n. tiehl Ivinnho in 
1336. Prf)bal)lv eldest son 

Sir ThoiT 
S(Hiire 1370. 
year for liin 
archers in t 
the King's sj 
p.m. 1374, w 
a moiety o 

living l.«<9. 

William Spigornel, held 
Dagenhale, in Eddleslioro. 
In-. l.SSfi-7. 

Lucia died — 
before 1399 

Amice, living 1339, 
held lands in Stodham, 
Berke, and a moiety 
of the manor of Dag- 

= John Kirkham. 

y Spigornell of Kddlcs- 
ks. Judge Court of Coni- 
s. Inq. p.m. 13-28. In 1297 
i as holding lauds in North- 

living 1330. 

•John Spigornell. 

[John Spigornell, E8f|., held 

landis in Xorthanii)tonslilrc, 1297 : 

suuinioued tor r<ervice lie3'ond 


[Jolm Spigurnel, a liding 
forester in the Forest of Uooking- 
liiun, Northante, 1251.] 

homas Spigornell, 
esboro. Was par- 
332, for his part in 
I rebellion at Bed- 
int. of the Shire for 
320. At one time 
nor of Puttenhani. 

T?eiiP(1icta. See tiear 
liook Edw. Ill, 1339-40. 

Annis or .Avis, 
m. John Frome. 

Helen or Alina, 
m. Thomas* 

Sir Roger Puttenhani. 

pigornell. King's 
ived ijaynient that 
us men at arms and 
r. Was Keeper of 
lorses, 1363-4. Iik). 
i was found to hold 
manor of Wortliv 

Catherine. Had pension, 
with her liusband, of 40mark8 
yearly, from the King. 1370. 
lasue Roll of the Exchequer. 
\m\. 1377-8.' Held Worthy 
Mortimer, Southants. 

♦Thomas may be an 
error for Roger. See 
note in text. 


troublesome times of Edward TI, as well as his original ap- 
pointment by Edward I, shows him to have been a man of 
resources, one whom the various parties were obliged to 
leave undisturbed. It was his position probably which led 
to the connection of the Puttenhams with the king's party. 

In 1324, James de Puttenham was "Janitor D'ori Regis. 

No mention of Puttenham or Long Marston is found in the 
schedule of estates held by any of the Spigornells. 

The jiedigree of Spigornell appended herewith shows the 
probable connection of the families. 

The arms of Spigornell of Nottinghamshire, the family to 
which Sir Henry belonged and with which the Puttenhams 
were allied, is that shown in the coat of the Verneys of Middle 
Claydon, Bucks; coming through the Fromes, viz: Gules, ajrette 
argent, on a chief or, a lion passant of the field. 

A Ralph Spigornell was envoy to the Pope in 1344, perhaps 
the same man who was Admiral of the North and West coasts 
in 13G4. In 1338 a protection was granted to William and 
Ralf Spigurnell, with Henry, Bishop of London, to go beyond 
seas on the king's service. 

Sir Henry Spigornell. as mentioned above, left an eldest son 
Thomas, who succeeded him, and who was in rebellion against 
the king in 1332, receiving a partlon that year, having been 
concerned in the late rebellion at Bedford. (Cal. Rot. Pat.) It 
was he who held the manor of Puttenham. Sir Henry Spigor- 
nell also had a son Robert who was a })riest, and who was abroad 
studying from 1327 to 1332. and also in the following year when 
he was parson of Elvele. H(^ was living in 1344, and in 1322 
made the elder Roger Puttenham his attorney. As this 
Robert, the priest, was the younger son and was born in 1298, 
it enables us to fix the birth of his elde'; son Sir Thomas as 
prior to that date. A younger Thomas Spigournell, probably 
son of Sir Thomas, was keeper of the king's great horses, in 
the 37th year of Edwanl III, a most important post. The 

I';iiiiil\ for ( lir(>c or lour !.';(Mi<'f;il ions conl inucd lo he com ice led 
wil h l'!(l(ll('sl)oro. TIiitc is ;>;oo( I r(>ason to hclicxc I lint 1 h^lcn.or 
Aliiin S|)i_ii;orM('ll who m.iriicil ;i l*iit t(Mih;nii, \v;is ;i ni(>('(' of 
Sir 1 1 (Miry Spi^onicll the ('liiclMiisticcMnd t liocoimcctioii ot" tlic 
I'lil Iciili.'inis with I'lddlcshoro in suI)S('(|ii(MiI pMiiMat ions, ;is 
wcW as the conni^ction ol the Spi^ornclls w iih ruttcnhani, 
('Mni(> about throutrh tins niaiTiatrc. 

\\'aivMu,1';i'()N oi-' W Ainu.irroN and Sni:i;i'ii:i.n. 

This lannly was |)()ss(\ss(m1 of I lie manor of SluM'licld in 
ilanipsliiit" at a mmv early dat(\ also of the manof of \\ ai'McMon 
in Suss(>\, and from llic lalUM- place undouhlcdly dcri\(>d 
their naiiKv When and how llie tiisl ^)i the line assumed 
lh(> name, and wh{Mi('(> he came ai(> as yet unknown* 'Vho 
lirst autluMilic mention of tli(> family is in th(> liKiuisitioii 
taken on the d(>atli ^^i William di" Muncell, l,". August. 27 
ll(>nry 111 (rjl;>), when it is found that Muncell held Comptou 
manoi' (A' Thomas d(> W'arlilin^ton for one third of a kiii,i;lil 's 
h-e, and that \\\c manor [teitained to the manor ii{ Sli(>refel(l 
which said riiomas holds i^\' lli(> kini; in chief hy serjeanty. 
( I Dij. /). ;;/., Ili'iini 111.) 

Sli(M-rK>ld was lonj:; in the |»oss(\ssion o{ the Warhletons and 
passed from tluaii at lli(>d(>ath of William Warhleton in 1 l()9 
\o Sir ( leori;t> rutt(Miham, aloni;' with other possessions o{ the 
W'arhhMons, and tliei(> lli(> (>ld(M- branch of the rutnams livcnl 
until it failed of mali> issue, aiul tlu' (>state pa:;^^iHl lo llio Morris 
family by niari'iaa;(\ 

Shertield was held i'^i (he King by a p(>culiar tenure. Liko 

♦ TluM'O Is ;i i'(>c.>iil (hnl IUmIxmI sun ol Mntllicw li.itl :i cIijiiUm- of llio m.'nutr of 
WiirMiuton Ijilc of K'olicit iJo ('un-v, lit.luno, l.'> llciirv 111, ami oiclil voiii's Ijiter, 
In 12;)'.), lio also hail grniil. of fvo<> warrc'u Ihoro and olsowlnM-tv 'V\\\» Uorliort 
«l)l>onrH also an \vltnosnliijf Iniportniil ii(<<<il.i of llial «lay. This l.s but n fow yojirs 
V)rU)v lo tln> appeaniin'o of tho Warlilolons as loni.-( of tlio manor of Slierilold, 
llu\v liavlnn' alroady foniiod an liabtlHtlon at Wavliloton and takon Ihotrnanio tlu>ro- 
froin. li\ tlu< !»l)s<MUH> of any furtluT data i'i\«ai'dlng tlio al>ovo Morliort son of 
aiattlnnv it In not possible tt) su.ugost with any dogroo of cortalnty that tho Wrtrblo- 
loiisdovtvo tholrUiio from him. 

aij,m;i> I ammjkm. xciii 

thf Mintiof ()!' I'oylc in (Jiiilfonl and of (Jattcshill in (Jodalniirifi;, 
it was (•,liaifi;('(| vvilli (•(•rtniri services occnsioned by llic rcsi- 
donc(' of liic kind's f'Oiirl, ;it (iiiildfoid. 'I'lic rruirior- of I*oy|(! 
W!t,s li('|(| hy sccjcnni y — lo piovid*' hinndicsscs foe Idc kin(:;'H 
Iioijscliold, to districnilx'!- ciiniiriiils scnfr'nccd lo death wifliin 
Ihe ver^/e of I lie Coutl, ;ind fo iiiejisiife gallons iuu\ Ixishels 
helon^dnj'; lo the s;i,iiie. (Mdiniinf/ (iiid /iraj/'s Surm/ I : Hi.j 
In day.s when rents wei'e (hie l»y service or in snpitheH 
it, was necr-Hsary tliat, the f!;rea1 lords, inclndirifz; fhf^ kin^, sliould 
move from |)L'i,ce to f)hice not only to snhsisl Ijnt, to ol»t;iin the 
full v;diie of services or rent due. 'I'lie resideru-e of the kin^r 
at> (jiiilford made it. necessary th;it cerfjiin f,'i.milies sJiould he 
hound to find the servants nnd suf)[)lies needed dmin^'; the 
sojourn of Ihe courl. There wjih notliin^ disrefjutnMe in 
.such a (enure as thcMc Hcrvices were not exjicted from llio 
cliief Icrijuits in (lerson, only that they should find the personH 
t-o faithfully perform these duties. Such tenures were prob- 
ably in (he first, instance JiiJinled to members of the kin^'H 
household, whom the kin^ desired t,o reward, and whom he 
could trust. 'I'liiis it is pr'obabh; that the Warblet,ons were 
cloHoly aHHOciatcd, like the lirocas family, witii thf; royjil court. 
This seems the more likely, from wh;i,( we know of (he history 
of the family dirr'irr^ the 14th cerrtur-y. 

Another ear'ly |)Ossessir)rj of Ihe family w!is 'randrif!;e in 
Surrey. Iri \'274, IMchnrd de ('r;irih;i.m cjirne befor-e the Kinfz; 
and souf^ht to rej>levy to 'IhomaM de Warf)lin^tori the hitter's 
land in "'rnnri^^e" which was taken into tiif! kind's hands for 
his def;iul( in (he kind's court, in his case against the prior of 
Merlon. (Cal. (.'lost; liolh, 1 IS.j 

'I'his 'J'liomas de Warblin{i;(ori died fu-fore I2S0, for that 
year John de Charney, one of (he exeeulors of lire will of Joan 
de Sancto Walerico, who in iiirn h;id be(!n executor of tire 
will of her husb;i,nd John (\c S;inelo VViiJr'fico, ;i,cknowlr-d>:r'd 
S July, Ih.'i.l he h;id r'eceiveij of 'I'liomns dr- VV';ir'ble(on son of 


A\'illiani dc Wai'hlcton, kinsinnii and heir to Thomas de 
Warl)l(>(oii deceased, £60 out of a deht of £80 due 
})y i-e('o,ii;iiitioii luider date of 53d year of the late king 
(/. e. Ilciiri/ III, 125(S-9), fi'oni the said Thomas deceased to 
the said Jolm, and that he, 'I'honuis, a-ckuowled^-ed (hat he 
owhcmI the remaiiubr out of his (\states in Southampton. 
Th(M'e was another debt due to Merton, and both these are 
record(Ml as settled in full. {Close rolls, 14 Edward 1, p. 421-2.) 
It is lik(^]y that Thomas de Warblington was a clerk in the 
chancery, for he several times appears as a witness to d(H>ds 
acknowledf2;(Ml tliere, the earliest b(>ing in December, 1289, 
when he witnessed the release l)y Robert de llaufoii, son and 
heir of Sii- Rolx^rt de Haufoit, to Richard de Merton, clerk, of 
lands in Southampton. In 1297, this Thomas appears as 
one of the two justices who heard cases in that county, and 
his name ai)i)ears in connnissions of Oyer and Terminer from 
that date to at least 131o. In 1311 he was .sheriff of the 
county. (Cal. Patent Rolls.) In 1310 he as Sir Thomas de 
Warblington is addressed as sheriff, and ordered to proceed 
with i)reparations for the king's expedition.^ against Scotland 
(which resulted in the disastrous battk^ of Bannockburn, in 
which it is likely he took part). 

lie had nuu'ried Alice Dannnartin, the last of that family, 
as shown by the inquisition at his death in 1315 when it appears 
he held among other estates the manor of Tandrige, and of 
North Talworth and Ocklegh, all lately of Alice de Dannnartin, 
by s(M'vice of three and one half knight's fees, and of the 
value of £30. (Esc. 8 Edward II, n. 68.) The Dammart ins had 
been lords of the manor of Tandrige. Another inquisition, two 
years later, at the death of the son Thomas Warbleton showed 
that he held this manor and also Wille, Sherfield and Warble- 
ton, and also left a son John wiio was aged 30, wdiich John 
died in 1333, when he was seized of the manor, leaving a son 
John ag(Hl 15, who died 1352, leaving a son John, aged 6, by 


his wife Alice. This last John had a grant of free warren in 
1369 and died in the lifetime of his mother, leaving a son 
Thomas, who also died during the lifetime of Alice, his grand- 
mother, leaving a son William; and at the death of Alice in 
1385 it appears that she had held the manor of Tandrige jointly 
with her husl)an(l, John de Warblington, deceased, with re- 
mainder to the right heirs of the said John, and that the above 
William, son of Thomas, son of John, son of John was heir 
and aged two years. (Esc. 8 Ric. II n. 40.) 'J'his whole 
matter is set forth more fully by Manning and Bray in the 
history of Surrey, vol. 2, page 372, under the ])arish of Tan- 
drige. The manor was known as Walkensted, and in tli(>, time 
of Henry II was held by William Dammartin who was suc- 
ceeded Ijy Odo his son, living in the time of Richard II, and 
who granted to the monastery of St. Pancras in Lewes a 
virgate of land in Charte which was of the fee of "Tenrige." 
(Deed in Chapter House, Westminster, quoted by Manning and 
Bray.) Odo was succeeded by another Odo or Eudo, un- 
doubtedly his son, and this last was probably the father of 
Alice, the heiress who carried the estates to the Wai-blingtons. 
In 7 Edw. I she was wife of Roger le Clere, and that year 
Roger le Clere and Alice de Dammartin his wife and Thomas 
de Warblynton held the manor of Effingham in Sui-rey, which 
was one of the five knight's fees held by the Dammartins. 
This Thomas Warl^leton could have stood in no other relation 
to Dame Alice than (hat of son by her first husband, and was 
that Thomas who died in 1317. The manor remained in the 
Warbletons and passed -to the Putnams. In 1527 Sir George 
Putnam held his Court there, and in 1543 Robert Putnam 
suffered a recovery of this manor. Ikit in 1553 a fine was 
levied on this manor b(!tween Thomas Bradshaw and William 
Fysher and Julian his wife, and soon after it passed to Richard 
Bostock. The manor was designated as Tandrige Court to 
distinguish it from the Priory manor of the same name. 
(Manning and Bray.) 


lllSrOKY 0\' rilK ri TNAM FAMILY. 

TluM't^ is n pnrisl\ still known as Sulton W'arhhMon in the 
casUMii [tart o( Hants and nraii\' adjoining ShtM-ticld, whii'h 
took its (l(>ri\ali(Mi I'roin tht* \\ arltlctons, \\\\o jiosst^ssrd it at 
8tnnt^ c-Av\y ilat(\ In \'.VM\ 'Phoinas Ar \\"ar!)l(>t(>n. lather of 
A\'illiani, and his wile ,loai\na (luitchiimed to Xichohis dv 
llanyton ah their kinds in Sutton.* 

Sii' .loiui d(> W'arMiMon, boiai in i;>17, is the one wluM-on- 
tosted hi llvtr with Idtt^obaKl Russell tlu> right to bear arms, 
LiKciuiji, or and (i:urt\ [Dutidalc's H(iro)ia(ic 1 -TS"). (».'' His 
t'alluM' was likewis(> Sii- John, and was nuMuber (>!" parliament 
for Hants 1!) IMward 11. 1 kMward 111, .and \-2 IMw.ard 111. 
A lattM' John was a]ti>oint(Hl coroner o( \\\c Marshalsea and 
clerk oi the Kinu's Merchant's House in i;>70 I. 

This last named John de W'ai-bleton left an only son \\'ill- 
iam, who ha\ iuii; no issue i;ave tlu> I'^ini'luunpstead instate to 
tiie r.akenhams, who niarritnl with the tie la Hays of his 
mothtM-'s family, but the chiiJ' estates wen^ entailed upon the 
heirs oi i\\r dau^'httM-s Marg'aret and I'di/.abeth. In this 
fashion tlu> manors i^( W'ableton, Slu'rtield, T;uulrige. and 
otluM- est;it(>s came t(» \\\c heir o( William ruttenham ami 
remained in th(> ruttenham family until i:;i'tidu;dly fritltavil 
awa\' by the brilliant Init unworthy repr(>senlaliv(>s o( the 
(>lder lint\ 

A stud\' o( the pediii'ree annexed is nect>ssary for the com- 
plet(> understanding iA the different giMiera lions o( this family, 
which for two huutlred years was ctM'tainl\- one oi the most 
important oi the Hamjishire families. 

Oi tlu> last William W'arbleton, Prof. Hurrtnvs says, — he 
acted as trustet^ and as a menibt>r of the family toward the 
lirocas family, coming forward to its h(di> at the critical mo- 
ment of their f(M-tunt\s, when the attainter had been renioved. 
William W'arbleton serv(>d as sheritT oi his ctumty mor(> than 
once, in 1 IIJ and 1 lol. On the last occasion he must, as an 
old man. have Iuhmi called to tlu^ front tt^ giv(^ his country 

* Soo nutoiy of tin.' Uinniroil of *. ro\ula\, n.-uils. w lu'ii" t,lio (iooil is uvhitoii. 

ALi.iKi) iamimks. xcvii 

a.1 Ihal Iroiihlcd monicnt (he hcnofit of liis cxiKTicricc. Tlic 
conlidcncc reposed in liim isslill fiirtlier sliovvii l)y his hein*:; 
ii^wvu in \ \!)(] the Consljihleship of ()(hh;ini Caslle and War- 
denship of Odihani Koresl. He was a zealous anti-ijolhird and 
a letU^r from him written in M.'-Jl to the Duke of (jlloucestcr 
and the Couneil is extant and shows he pi-ociired the ea))turo 
of one VVilhnin I'erkins at Oxford who suffered denlh at Ah- 

Of Sir Thomas Warhleton, who was siieriff hfteen years he- 
tweeri 1297 and 1 i^) 12, an unusually lorifji; service, Prof. Burrows 
says "Such a man was like the old Earls, and like Peter d(! 
Rupibus })efore hitn, and Sir John do Scures after him, more 
than the mere annual sheriff of a county. In l.'^()2 he was 
lloyal Commissioner; and in I.'IIO had the foi'tnal custody of 
the county as well as of Winchester Castle, lie would, in 
short, af)|)ear to have been foiined in the school of h^dward I, 
and to have been l)rou<i;lit forward by that monarch on account 
of his personal merit ." 


Amonj;- those men who by reason of their ability attracted 
the notice of iMlward 1 was John de Foxle. His origin and 
early advancement are unknown, yet he had attracte(l sufh- 
cient notice so that at the death of the first I^dward, when 
his son assumed the crown, havini;- entered into a treaty with 
his in(li<2;nant barons because of his j)a]iiality towards that 
somewhat abused individual Piers (Javeston, John de Foxle 
or Foxley, was created a l)aron of the Exchequer (Rot. Pat. 
2 Edw. II, n. 1 5.), and was included in the summons to Parlia- 
ment of that year with the rest of the ju(lp;es and king's coun- 
cil. This was in ];i()<S-9. Nevertheless, Dugdale says that 
lie was ai)i)ointe(l Baron of the Exchequer in place of Roger 
II(>gham, who died 28 Feb., 1810. 

During the reign of l^^dward II he was repeatedly sum- 


inoiied to Parliament as one of the king's judges and council, 
and once in 8 Edw. II (1314-15) as a baron, which has caused 
Banks to insin-t his name among his Barones Pretermissi 
{page 84). Concerning Sir John de Foxle, Prof. Burrows says, 
"there is nothing to show any connection between him and the 
ancient house of Foxloy,of FoxleyantlBlakesley, in Northamp- 
tonshire*** headed by a John de Foxley at the same time.*** 
A long legal career, and the favor of kings, had bi'ought wealth 
to the judge. Towards the end of that career we find him 
administering the estate of the magnificent Anthony Beck, 
Bishop of Durham. (Rot. Pari. 12 Ediv. II.) Resigning office 
in 1322-3, he is found at his death, two years later, in posses- 
sion of considerable property in Bray and Bramshill, besides 
other estates in Bucks and Hants. (Inq. p. vi.27 Feb., 1325, 
18 Edu\ II 1324-5.)" 

The printed Calendars to the Close Rolls permit us a few 
glimpses into the life of Sir John de Foxle prior to his advance- 
ment under the second Edward. In 1280, John de Voxleye 
is a witness to a deed concerning land in Sussex and elsewhere, 
acknowledged by Geoffrey de Pychefort ajt the Chancery. 
One of the Syfrewast family also apjiears as a witness (page 54), 
Again in 1285 he appears on a bond with William Syfrewast 
and others, with regard to a debt to John de Sancto Johanne. 
(Ibid., page 359.) And in 1288 John de Foxlee acknowledges 
a debt of £22 out of his lands in Berks and South Hampshire. 
(Ibid., 554.) 

On the 12 June, 1298, John de Foxle was named one of a 
connnission to sell trees etc., in the king's wood and to account 
for the proceeds at the Exchequer by Sept. 8. (Cal. Pat. Rolls, 
p. 353.) 

Sir John de Foxle had wife Constantia, who by the historian 
of Finchampstead is reasonably supposed to have been a 
daughter of John de la Hoese by Constantia, his wife, co-heir 
of Sir William de Banastre, lord of the manor of Finchamp- 


stead. She at any rate brought him in some fashion certain 
rights in that manor and property in Bramshill, if not the 
manor itself. She died in 1333. In 1447, WilHam Warbleton 
claiming as heir to Katherine de Foxle came into possession 
of East Court in Finchampstead, and 86 years prior to this 
the second Sir John Foxle had presented to the rectory of 
Finchampstead. In 1412-3 William Warbleton had claimed 
the manor of Bramshill as heir to his ancestress Katherine, 
and had entered into an arrangement with the occupier, 
Thomas Foxley, an illegitimate son of Sir John Foxle, to 
succeed at his death. 

Sir Thomas de Foxle, the only son of the judge, succeeded 
his mother at Bray, and thirty years later had erected the 
substantial and costly house at Bramshill which stood until 
1604, and portions of which yet remain incorporated in the 
present mansion. He was aged 33 at the death of his father, 
and died in the 34th year of Edward III (1360), being aged 
about 69 or 70 years. He was a man of more consequence 
than his father and like him was engaged in the public service 
throughout most of his life. He was constable of Windsor 
Castle from 1328 to his death, and was associated with Sir John 
de Brocas and (31iver de Bordeaux in the commission for re- 
building it, a work completed by William of Wykeham, the 
protege of Foxle and of the Brocas family. His work at Brams- 
hill was carried on by the same workmen engaged on the work 
at Windsor. On the death of the last member of the De Port 
family (represented by the St. Johns) Sir Thomas de Foxle 
obtained license to enclose 2500 acres of land in Bramshill and 
Haseley, in order to make the park, which still exists and 
which shares with High Clere the reputation of being the finest 
in Hampshire. (Burrows.) This Thomas Foxle was knight of 
the shire for Berkshire in 1327-8, 1332, and in 1338. 

Sir Thomas married Katherine daughter and co-heir of Sir 
John de Ifield, another of the judges of Edward II, who brought 


to the Foxles a part of the estates of the Apuklrefield family 
(q. v.). She was hving in 1341 when she and her husband had 
permission to hear cHvine service at Iwliurst in Bray, one of 
his father's estates. After her death Sir Thomas married Joan 
widow of Sir James de Wodestock of Holshute, one of the 
puisne judges of Connnon Pleas, who had died in 1341-2. 

Sir Thomas left a son by his first wife. Sir John, who was 
aged 30 at his father's death {Inq. p. m..) born therefore about 
1330. He married Matilda de Brocas, daughter of Sir John 
de Brocas, who had been associated with his father in the ser- 
vice of the king. This marriage took place in 1332, as shown 
by a very valuable and curious document formerly a part of 
the archives of the Sarum diocese and now in the Bodleian 
Library at Oxford. This document is a remission by Robert, 
Bishop of Sarum, of a sentence of suspension from his func- 
tions for a year of a priest named William de Handloo, who 
had been " concerned in the solenmization of a marriage be- 
tween John de Foxle and Matilda Brocas, outside the paro- 
chial church and mother parish of Bray in our diocese, and 
without the license of our Diocesan Office." Prof. Burrows, 
to whose industry the discovery of the above document is due, 
in commenting on this incident says, " It is plain that Matilda 
ought to have insisted upon being married in her parish church ; 
but it was evidently what wt call a run-a-way match, for 
which the too compliant priest suffered the temporary loss of 
his faculties. It is observable that the first-purchase of land 
at Bray by John de Brocas, the bride's father, took place in 
this very year, and that the bridegroom's grandmother, Con- 
stantia Foxle, who died a year later, was at this time in posses- 
sion of the Bray manor house, while his father was Constable 
of Windsor Castle; so that imaginative persons have all the 
materials of a mediaeval romance ready to hand — an earlier 
Merry Wife of Windsor, and an earlier Vicar of Bray. We are 
at least free to give the young couple credit for bringing the 


influence of their parents to bear upon the Bishoj), in mitiga- 
tion of sentence on the friendly priest."* 

Sir John de Foxle died in November, 1378, having left a will 
which is printed entire in Arch. Journal (vol. xv, p. 267), and 
which was dated 5 Nov. and proved 1 Dec, 1378. He was 
knight of the shire for Hants 1364-5, and for Berks 1370-1 and 
two years later for Ijoth counties. In 1365 he was made the 
first constable, and for life, of Shejjpey Island Castle (Queens- 
borough), that year completed by William of Wykeham, and 
in which office he was succeeded by no less a person than John 
of Gaunt, and in 1376 Constable of Southampton Castle, as 
well as Warden of the King's Manor and Park of Lyndhurst, 
of the King's New Forest, etc. And in that latter year he was 
one of the nine who were to set the county of Berks in array. 
He was a favorite with Edward III and had from him the gift, 
probably as an insignia of office, of a great bugle horn mounted 
with gold made from the horn of the I'rus una which accord- 
ing to Matthew Paris was first brought to England in 1252, 
as a present to Richard Earl of Cornwall. This, Sir John wills 
to king Richard. (Note by Rev. William H. Gunner in Arch, 
journal, vol. xv, ;;. 267.) 

Before the death of his wife, Matilda, Sir John de Foxle had 
formed one of those irregular connections not uncommon at 
that time, and had had children by one Joan Martin whom 
after his wife's death he married, and who was l^uried by his 
side, while on the other lay the wife of his youth. By his first 
marriage he had a son William, of Apuldre field, who died 1376 
in the lifetime of his father, and two daughters, Katherine 
married to John de Warbleton, and Margaret married to Robert 
Bullok. Bv Joan he had Richard, Thomas and John, of 

• At this time the groom was but two years old if we are to accept the statement of 
the author of the article in the Genealogist and Topographer, and the bride could not 
have been more than 14, as that date brings her father's marriage to 1317, a date as 
«arly as such an event could have taken place. Here is room for further surmise and 
stretch of the imagination. 


whom Thomas alone had issue, ami a (hmghter Elizabeth, 
married to Sir Thomas Uvedale, and after whose death the 
Bramshill estate reverted to the Warbletons. He also left a 
sister Margaret de Foxle, named in his will. 

A brass still exists, placed upright in the wall of Bray church, 
erected to the memory of Sir John Foxle and his wives. It 
has been reproduced in Waller's Monumental Brasses. On 
the surcoat of the knight are his arms, Gules, two bars argent: 
on his helmet his crest, ^4 fox\s head. The arms of Brocas 
ornament the dress of Matilda, Sable, a lion rampant or. 


The following brief petligree of the Apuldrefield family, 
ancestors of the Foxles and Warbletons, is taken from an 
account of the manor of Apuldrefield and its possessors con- 
tributed by G. Steinman Steinman to vol. Ill of The Topog- 
rapher and Genealogist. Mr. Steinman compiled his pedi- 
gree showdng the descent of the manor from references con- 
sidered of sufficient authority, and an old pedigree of the 
Foxle and Warbleton families set forth on tiie back of the 
terrier of the manoi'. It has stootl the test of subsequent 

The earliest mentioned members of the Apuldrefield family 
are two knights, both named Henry, father and son, who 
were with Richard I at the seige of Acre in 1191. These were 
succeeded by another Sir Henry who was of Apuldrefield 
before 14 Henry III (1230), and who had a brother Wifiiam. 
This Henry was in Gascony in the year above mentioned. 

Apuldrefield manor was formed out of the manor of Cud- 
ham, which was in the de Say family. In 1271-2, William 
de Say died seized of this manor at which time a Sir Henry 
de Apuldrefield held one knight's fee of him. 

In 1246, Sir Henry de Apuldrefield and wife Beatrice are 


named in a fine of 31 Henry III. In 1290, Sir Henry de 
Apuldrefield was Icnight of the shire for Kent, antl also 
1300-1301 and 1304-5, and sheriff' in 1297-8. It is evi- 
dent that we have four in the line of descent all named 
Henry, and that probably he with wife Beatrice was the 
third. The knight of the shire, probably a son of Henry who 
had wife Beatrice, had sons Sir Henry of Broxham in Wester- 
ham in 1270. John, Reginald, and Sir William who died in 
1283. The last named Sir Henry hfad a son Henry living in 
1300, Beatrice, Elizabeth and Margery. Margery married 
Sir John de Ifield before 1304-5, and was living in 1331-2. 
In 1304-5 a fine of a messuage, two mills, 260 acres land, etc., 
in Westerham and other places, that is the manor of Broxham, 
was passed, with remainder after the death of Sir Henry de 
Apuldrefiekl to John Aleyn of Ifield and his wife Margery, 
with remainder to the heirs of the said Margery. After the 
death of her brother, Margery also brought Apuldrefield to 
Sir John Ifield. 

Sir Henry de, Apuldrefield was one of the assessors and 
collectors for Kent of the thirteenth granted at Northampton 
in 1283. and in 1287 was on a commission to view the banks 
and ditches broken by the sea. When knight of the shire 
in 1301, Sir John Aleyn de Ifield was manucaptor for him. 
He was summoned for military service against the Scots in 

Sir John de IfieM first appears as John Aleyn de Ifield. and 
is so named in 1304-5, in connection with the settling of 
the Broxham estate upon the heirs of his wife Margery. He 
was a man of ability and consequence. In 1307 he was asses- 
sor and collector for the county of Sussex for the subsidy 
granted the king. He acted as a Justice in 1309. In 1312 
he was appointeil to talliate the Cicy of London and the 
King's cities and burgs in Kent. Sussex, Surrey and Middle- 
sex. In the first year of the regin of Edward III he was 


appointed by the Kiiiii' with Thomas Tregoz. John do Stonere, 
ami John d'Abernon to make a perambulation of the forest of 
Windsor within the county of Surrey. {Manning and Bray.ix.) 
Ilt^ was sunuuoned to attend the Great Council to be held at 
Westminster 30 May. 1324 [Pari \Vntt>), and was often on 
conuuissions of array for the county. Besides his estates 
obtained by marriage he was lord of the manor of Farning- 
ham in Kent. His damihter Katherine and wife Margery 
are nameil in a tine oi 1331-2. His daughters (he had no sons) 
were Margaret wlu) married Sir Stephen de Ashway and 
Katherine who married Sir Tlunnas de Foxle. and Joan. 

A\'illiam de Ilanlee. knight, in 1332 conveyed an estate to 
John de Iliekl and wife Margery, with remainder to their 
daughter Katherine with remainder to John, son of ,Iohn 
Wakehurst. and heirs of his body. [Manning and Bray's 

Banks ( Baron ia \\ 404) says that John de Itield married 
Margery widow of John St. John (died 1323), who in 1321 
luul enfeoffed John de Itield in trust for himself and wife 
^largery. and that Margery died 1347. 

l']ither there is an error here or John de Itield re-married 
after 1332. 


The first mention of the Brocas family in cmmection with 
English affairs is in a list of Oascon officers who accompanied 
Edward I in his conquest of Scotland. The earlier history of 
the family nuist be sought for in the records of the Province 
of Aquitaine. Guienne or Gascony as those rich lands brought 
to Henry of Anjou by his bride Eleanor of Guienne in 1151, 
were variously called during the centuries of Plantaganet 
dominion. Unfortunately, for the century following the 
association of this province of France with the English crown 
there are no records extant. 


The Gascon rolls, memorials of England's rule in France, 
afford materials for the early history of tlu> family of Brocas, 
prior to and innneiliat(>ly following the time of settlement in 
England. Thest^ rolls conunence 1242. The English archives 
and a remarkably tine collection of family deeils and other 
papers also aftortl unusual facilities for investigation. Avail- 
ing himself of these mat(M-ials Captain Montagu Burj-ows, 
R. N., and Chichele professor of Motlern History at Oxfortl, 
prepared a volunu^ entitled "The Family of Brocas of 13eaure- 
paire and l\och(> Court, hereditary Masters of the Royal 
Buckhounds," with some account of the English Rule in 
Aquitaine. which was ]Hihlished in 1S86 by Longmans, (Jreen, 
and Com])any. 

Prof, l^urrows has not been al>le to {n'esimt a })edigree of 
the family prior to the time of the Gascon rolls, but from 
various contemporaneous records it seems that the family 
had their original seat in the close neighborhood of the Sieurs 
D'Albret whenc(^ nuMubers of th{> clan sjiread through (hiienne 
and Gascony, and as early as the twelvth and thirteenth cen- 
turies had attained so much importance as to hold valuable 
estates, including a castle and town residences, as well as to 
hold |)ublic othce. Two places in the Department of Les Landes 
are known by the family name, and from a very early period. 
Both are now in decay. l-5rocas in the arrondissement of St. 
Sever is no longer a comnuuie, although the church remains. 
The older Brocas is in the arrondissement of Mont de Marsan, 
and this is supposed to have Ix^^n the cradle of the family, al- 
though not here is the earliest mention of the family found, but 
at La Reole, and Ryons in Guienne, Saut and St. Sever in Gas- 
cony proper. Here the land is better, and in these localities 
for four centuries, from 1163 to 1562, is found the name or 
its modifications. In 1268 the monastery of St. Sever bene- 
fited by a gift from Arnalil William de Brocas and his mother 
Guirant de Brocas, who are described as of gentle birth, and 


the gift is continued by the sons and heirs, William Arnald 
and Arnald AVilliani. 

The lands of William Ai-nald de Brocarz and Arnaldino de 
Brocarz at Saut hatl been lost to them upon the retreat of 
Henry III to Bordeaux, who in 1242 binds hhnself to the 
Brocarz to pay 439 marks for their redemption. In 1253 
William Arnald, an adherent and soldier of Henry, is again 
mentioned in connection with the fact that his younger brother 
Peter Arnald de Saut had seized and held his castle at Saut. 
This castle was the key to the viscount}' of Beam whose Count, 
Gaston, was imcle to England's Queen and who was a thorn 
in the sitle of Englamrs kings, being ever given to raising 
rebellion in Guienne. probably with tlu^ hope of making his 
territory a principality. That the Brocas of that day should 
enjoy so important a post as custodian of the castle of Saut 
is evidence of the im{)ortance of the family. The family 
certainly held tlie town or castle of Saut in 1252 when they 
join in the petition against Simon de Montfort. The lordship 
of the place was in Marie Bertram, a minor, and in some 
unexplained way a Brocas [and even called sister and heiress of 
William Arnald de Saut in the MS. of de G^gueres], a ward 
of the Sieur D'Albret. D'Abret assigned his wardship to the 
King of Englaml who then called on the de Brocas chiefs 
to give him their oath of fealty, which they at first declined, 
claiming that they had alreaily taken it to the lady. This 
same lady became the husband of Garcias Arnault de Nav- 
ailles, a neighboring noble, and one of the chief lords of the 
Province, whose aid several years later was sought by the 
Brocas against the harsh measures of Simon de Montford. 
Having once obtained possession, the Navailles were un- 
willing to let go. Although the vissicitudes of the various 
wars more than once placeil the de Brocas in their old posi- 
tion, holding the place for the King of England, they were 
finally and permanently expelled from the town in 1294. They 


were not restored by the peace of 1303, and Edward I bound 
himself to settle certain lands upon William Arnald, perhaps 
a grandson of the earlier William Arnakl, owning a debt of 
£1348 to those whom he re|)resented. Fifteen years later 
some of the family received {K)sts, which in a small measure 
cancelled their claims on the English King, and the hea<l of 
the house was granted lands in St. Sever which had remained 
loyal to the Edwards. There the family maintained its pres- 
tige for some generations. In the meantime a certain Arnald 
de Brocas, whose exact connection with the William Arnald of 
Saut is not clear, had fallen in the King's service in his war 
in Scotland, it is thought at the battle of Bannockburn. It 
is from this Arnald that the English branch of the family 
derived their descent. 

Concerning William Arnald de Brocas of St. Sever, Prof. 
Burrows says : 

"The career of this William Arnald affords one more illus- 
tration of the times. Long after he had lost his patrimony at 
Saut, and had become at last, with the two offices he had wrung 
from Edward II, a prosperous man at St. Sever, he had to en- 
dure the indignity at the hands of his enemies of a disputed 
title to nobihty. In 1331 the king commands the Seneschals 
of Gascony and of the Landes to inquire into the truth of a 
charge that 'William Arnald de Brokars de St. Sever,' 'qui de 
genere ignobile existit, ut dicitur,' had contrary to the custom 
of the duchy, which in such cases require a special license, ac- 
quired a 'feodum nobile,' viz 'totam terram' of St. Serrian (St. 
Adrien), Guanzon, St. Barbe, and Sanboet. The seneschals are 
to act accordingly. We do not hear the result in direct terms, 
but it must have been favorable to his claim, or he would not 
have been officially addressed by the style mentioned above. 
A family which had held the castle of Saut and landed estates 
at various places, for several generations borne coat armour 
(as we gather from t he seals of the next generation) , and held 
important commands under the Oown, could hardly but belong 


to at least the lower ranks of the nolDility. Ten years later 
than this they are ranked among the 'donzets' of the province, 
a term which at least means 'Esquire' and is technically inter- 
preted, 'noble sans titre.' But we have a still more conclusive 
testimony to the success of the chief in repellinsj; this attack. 

In 1366 WilUam Arnald de Brocas, one of his successors, is 
found engajiing himself, along with other people, in the defence 
of certain claims of the Monastery of 8t. Sever. His qualifica- 
tion for appearing on the list is stated in this Gascon document 
to be 'per la terre, caverie, et gentillesse de 8t. Sarrian et de la 
Barthe.' Caverie or caveria, is the equivalent word for terra 
nobilis. The De Brocas clan was not the only one taken under 
the special protection of Edward II in 1315. On May 24th of 
that year, we find a long list of such names in the Gascon Rolls, 
including four of the Campaine family. In this list two more 
of the family of De Brocas are mentioned, 'Arnald Raymond 
de Brocas' and 'Frater Dominicus de Brocas.' 

On the same day another king's mandate, here translated, 
runs as follows: whereas Arnald de Brokays was lately slain in 
our service in the ports of Scotland, leaving several children 
for whom the necessaries of life have not yet been provided, 
We, piously compassionating their estate, and willing to do 
them special favor in this matter have granted them the office 
of the Registrarship of our Court of the Judge Ordinary in 
Agen, on both sides of the Garonne, to hold at our pleasure in 
aid of their sustenance so that their relatives and friends may 
appoint a fit and sufficient person, to execute the said office. 
The Seneschal of Gascony is ordered to deliver the office to the 
relatives. A few months earlier the king had appointed John 
de Brocas — already his 'valettus' — to the Registry of the Bailiffs 
Court at Agen; and he also is to be allowed to exercise the office 
by a substitute. 

We have already seen an Arnald de Brocas appointed Bailiff 
of Agen, but he is not the father of John and the children for 
whom the king now interests himself. John as we afterwards 
find is the eldest of those children, taken into the Royal House- 
hold as quite a youth — for he is performing his duties nearly 


fifty years later, and they, we cannot doubt, are the children 
of the Arnald de Brocas slain at Bannockburn. But the new 
Bailiff of Agen was probably their near relative; and there is 
another special reason why these children should have been 
quartered on the different Courts of Agen. Their mother was 
a lady of the House of Campaine, and Agen was the headquarters 
of that House. 

The history of the Ue Canipaines runs in exactly the same 
groove with that of the De Brocas; but as it has been necessary 
to compress even the account of the latter to the smallest limits, 
we must only give a few lines to the former. 

The family derived its name from a village or connnune 
(Campaine or Campagne) so close to the northern Brocas that 
there may well have been some earlier connection between them 
than we can now discover. The first important member of it 
of whom we hear is Raymond de Campaine, the King of England's 
Seneschal, or governor, of the province of Agenois in 1286, and 
is still there in 1289. He was in this high office when Edward I 
was living for some years in Gascony, most of the time at Con- 
don, close to Agen, and must have been one of the chief officers 
at his Court. Here also Edward may have gathered round him 
the chiefs of the De Brocas clan, whom he had replaced in com- 
mand at Saut, after the conquest of Gaston de Beam. Soon 
afterwards, when the French overran the English provinces the 
brunt of the. storm which ruined the family at Saut fell upon the 
head of the loyal Seneschal of Agen. In 1297 the king's man- 
date to the Seneschal of Aquitane bids him 'provide for the 
subsistence of Raymond de Campaine and his wife and children 
whose ruin had been caused by his fidelity to England.' In 
1311 we find Arnald de Campaine — perhaps a younger brother 
of Raymond — holding the same high office. In 1317 WilHam 
Arnald de Campaine receives compensation for his losses in the 
English cause against the king of Castile — the loss like that of 
the De Brocas at Saut apparently of old standing — and obtains 
the office of Registrar to the Seneschal of Xaintogne. Between 
1329 and 1335 William de Campaine is Baififf of La Bourd and 
Constable of Blaye. is mentioned as the king's 'valettus' in 1356 


and (•(Uitimu^s to rec(>i\'(> down to the day of his death substan- 
tial rewards for f^ood service. Peter, anotlier of the family 
cominands a company which receives pay from Kdward III. 
'Iliose litMit leineii I'eceived at least some compensation, hut 
theii- descendant Arnald de Campaine coni|)let in.u; the services 
of his family was scarcely so foil unate. In \'AS'A he is an Esquire 
of 'our l)elo\(Ml and faithful Uertucatas de Lebret/ and for the 
«i()od service which he rendered to our grandfather, father, and 
ourselves, and since he and his ancestors have lost as he asserts, 
t lu^ greater part of their inheritanc(> and i;<)ods l)y reason of the 
same wars, and sustained many dama,<;-es and [xn-ils of their 
bodies through imprisonment by the kind's enemies, so that 
Arnald has nothiiii;' wher(>with to continue his service with us 
as he would wish, We with the assent of our Council in recom- 
pense thereof have j^ranted him the Provostship of La Reole 
now under the power and of our adversaries of France as it is 
set for the term of his life with the profits and emoluments, etc. 
I'he Hill is sii^iied by the C\)uncil as also another orderinj;- the 
king's ollicers to deliver corporal possession of the Provostship 
to the petition(M-. This was probably a comjwnsation of exactly 
the same value as the restorati(Mi of their estates at Saut to the 
De Brocas, uranfiMl by lulward 11 — some wotxls which cost noth- 
ing. The William above mentioned was the uncle l)y the 
mother's side of the De Brocas youths taken uj) by the Knglish 
Court. Peter was probably another. He aloui;' with (Sarcias 
Arnald. John and Arnald de Campaine. clerk, had been taken 
under the jirotection of Kdwai-d 1 1 in lolT). Both families of the 
Brocas-Campaine comiection are now groupiMl round Ai>;en, as 
the older membei-s of the De Brocas clan were iiathered round 
St. Sever. The children of the soldier slain in Scotland would 
be thus brought up by both paternal and maternal relatives till 
they were old enough to be educated in England, and the profits 
assigned at Agen for their sustenance would be secured for them 
by the relatives and friends mentioned in the mandate. The 
name of John, the eldest of the orphaned }-ouths, never pre- 
viously found in such notices of the clan as have reached us, 
may have come from the John de Campaine above mentioned. 


Of the Ai-ii;il(l dc Hrociis, who is made Baihff at Agen, wo iiev(!r 
hoar a^aiii. 'I'lio iiariio is so froquoiitly in the fniiiily llial: it is 
ahuost a j)atronynii('. 

Hut we shall find it iiioi-o than once in the Conipton (Siirr(!y) 
branch of the I'^n^lish lirocases and it is just possi})lo, lliou^h not 
probable, that the founder of tliat branch, Kinj;- liichard's (yjerk 
of the Works and Chaniberlain of the Exchequer, may have been 
the son of the Bailiff of Af2;en. The descendants of Sir John de 
Brocas never once adopted the name. It was CJascon and they 
aimed at ])oiiifi,' l*]n<;lisli. 

J()lin.(l(! Brocas was valettus as early as I'M \, |)rol)ably llicn 
a minor, and his l)rothor Bernard, a master of arls, was already 
rector of (iuildford in ]'.V24, while the third brother Arnald 
was master of the lior'se to Frince John in IMMO. A Simon 
(le Brocas was in 1330 sent by the kin^ to be educated at 
Cambridfije. A kinsman to (lie others, his exact relationship 
is not known. John and I^ernard de Brocas were intimat(!ly 
connected through their lives and died not fai' a|)art in time 
or years. The "knight, and the clerk supplying each wiiat 
the other wanted." Bernard (iied in \',i(')H, after a life acdJvely 
engagetl in the king's service, and John died l.'^iOf).* The 
latter's carec^r is plainly tracecJ, st(!f) by stej). (contempo- 
rary with John and ]^>ernard and Arnald, was Menauld do 
Brocas, son of William Arnald of St. Sever, inentioned above 
who was in ]'.VAP) keepei- of the king's horse north of the Trent 
and in ]'4'AX was li(!utenant to .Joiin de iirocas then in cliarge 
of the king's vast equestrian establishm(!nts. Having re- 
signed his I<]nglish ])ref(!rments he seems to have withdrawn 
to Gascony and enjoyed his paternal estate for some years, 

"The term 'valettus' which has been so often used above, 
requires a word of exj)lanation, for it is diflicult to find an 
exactly ade(iuate synonym. Six of the clan, including Sir 
John's eldest son, were enjoying this office, or that of esquire 

* "In Ills mansion atClywan; on tin; Foast of St. Maiir the Abliot." Inq. iid. (|. d. 
43 Kdw. III. No. 12. 


or serviens nearly at the same time. It is enough to say that 
they were all alike, in nnich the same ])osition as the king's 
esquire, receiving salaries for their service. Whether the 
valettus or the serviens (serjeant) was the next rank vmtler 
an esquire is by no means clear; but the two offices are some- 
times used interchangeably of th(> same person. At a later 
date valettus is often translated groom or yeoman, but scarcely 
perhaps so early as the date before us. Sir Harris Nicolas, 
in reference to the poet Chaucer, who also was valettus to 
Edward III before he became an esquire, tells us that it was a 
'position filled by gentlemen, the duties of which consisted in 
attendance on the royal.person' a definition which is more cor- 
rect than lucid." Prof. Burrows goes on to quote a document 
of the early part of the reign of Edward III, which states the 
various grades of the royal household: bannerets, knights, 
clerks, esquires, Serjeants at arms, Serjeants of office, falconers, 
armourers, minstn^ls, valets de chambre, valet d'office, 
huntsmen, etc. Even when Master of the horse. Chief, 
Forester of Windsor, and Constable of Guildford Castle, John 
de Brocas until he becomes a knight, is more often " valettus" 
than anything else in the rolls of that pejiod. Edward III 
maintained an immense cavalry establishment, and this was 
on a war footing for about twent)^ years, the entire time in the 
charge of Sir John de Brocas. It was after the accession of 
Edward III that John de Brocas comes prominently into the 
records. He had married early and acquired nmch property in 
Windsor and vicinity. In 1337 he succeeded his firm friend 
and countryman, and probably relative, Oliver de Bordeaux 
as constable of Guildford. Probably he had taken active 
part in the ridding of Mortimer. At Guildford is the tomb of 
Arnald Brocas in St. Nicholas' Church, and at Guildford Simon 
before mentioned also held the post of " Keeper of the Kings 
Park. " John received the honor of knighthood in 1340, prob- 
ably for service in the battle of Sluys. His active participation 


in tho wars and affairs of thf king fill several pages in Prof. 
Jiurrows' hook. He was imleed onr- of the most reliahlf niirl 
useful of King Edward's captains. 

In 1351 Sir John de Brocas, and Oliver de liordeaux were 
commissioned to oversee tlie workmen on th(! Castle at Wind- 
sor, then heing extended and completed as the chief residence 
of the King. The constable of the Castle was Thomas de 
Foxle n.3:^0-I.W)j, and his son Sir John de Foxle married 
Matilda daughter of Sir John de Brocas, and by this mar- 
riage brought the Brocas blood into the l^jtnam family. 

"The fame of William of Wykeham, who hasfoimd many a 
vate.s Hcxcer, has eclipsed all memoryof his predecessors in rela- 
tion to Windsor Castle, * * * that s(;cond commission was 
granted to Wykehem in exactly the same terms as the first (to 
Brocas and Oliver), at a moment when Oliver de P,ordeaux 
was dying, Sir John de Brocas called off to the new war, and 
Thomas de Foxle was drawing near his end. It was under 
the first commission that the talents of the young 'Kings 
chaplain,' already for several years employed in humble ser- 
vices to the ('rown, had begun to display itself ; and if we may 
judge by his lifelong devotion to the families both of Foxle 
and Brocas, it was to them he felt he owed his rise out of 

Sir John d.- Brocas took an im[>f>rtant part in the last cam- 
paigns of Edward in France. His son Sir Oliver was with him, 
and like the father perfonned great service to the Crown! 
Both Oliver and John, the* elder sons of the old knight, died in 
their father's lifetime. His third son. Sir Bernard, was one of 
the heros of Crecy and Poitiers, and a fiiend of the Black 
Prince. By a second wife he had two other sons, named also 
John and Oliver. 

The third son Bernard was one of fortune's favorites. He 
was Constable of Aquitaine. His wife was Agnes heiress to 
Sir Mauger Vavasour of Denton who brought him large estates • 


from her he was soon divorced for her fault, and he was not the 
father of her son Bernard.* He it was who became asso- 
ciated with the Beaiirepaire estate which gave designation to 
the family for over 500 years. This was in 1353 while his 
father was still living. There is a pretty story which reminds 
one of the tale of John Alden and Miles Standish concerning 
this Sir Bernard. It is found in a Chronicle in the National 
Library in Paris. When the Lord Thomas Holland died 
leaving as his widow the Fair Maid of Kent, born Lady Joan 
Plantaganet, among the many suitors was Sir Bernard who 
prevailed upon the Black Prince to make his suit to her in 
his behalf. This the Prince attempted and urged Sir Bernard's 
plea right well, but, nevertheless in vain, for the Lady assured 
him she had vowed to marry no man, having already given 
herself to the most perfect knight in England and of high 
lineage. The Black Prince, now himself most deeply interested 
in his fair cousin, urged her so strongly for the name of this 
unknown knight that at last she confessed it was no other than 
himself, W'hereupon they became betrothed, much to the 
chagrin of the King, and we may suppose, sorrow of the worthy 
knight who, like Standish, may have wished he had carried 
out his own courtship. Soon after Sir Bernard married with 
a young widow, Mary de Borhunte, daughter of Sir John de 
Roches. This was not a bad " consolation match." The third 
and last wife of Sir Bernard was the widow of one of his 
companion in arms. Sir Hugh Tyrrell, and sister of Elizabeth 
wife of Sir John de Clinton. Sir Bernard died in L395 and 
so great had been his services to the Plantaganets that 
Hichard had him entombed in St. Ednmnds Chapel, West- 
minster, close to the tombs of the Royal family, where the 
tomb may still be seen although doubts have been cast upon 
the antiquity of the recumbent figure supposed to represent 

* Bernard was her son by Henry de Langfield who later became her 


Sir Bernard. Four years later his son and heir, also Sir Ber- 
nard, joining in a hopeless insurrection against Henry IV was 
captured and suffered death. His widow was Johanna 'who 
died in 1429. Their son William succeeded to such of the 
estates as escaped his father's attainder, and married 
Johanna Sandes. Beaurepaire was in trust in the hands of 
William Warbleton and John Golafre who upon the widow's 
death resign it to William with remainder to his brother 


The earliest generations of the Hampden pedigree are 
based on an inspeximus of the time of Henry III (1216-72) 
and an ^'ancient writing belonging some time to the Abbey 
ot Notley," by whicli it appears that in the reigns of Henry I 
(1100-1135) and Stephen (1135-1254), there had been a 
Baldwin of Hampden, son of Osbert and father of Robert' 
and that there was a Robert of Hampden, knight, and a 
Robert before him, lord of Hampden, and between these 
two Roberts a Simon of Hampden. 

The above Osbert is claimed by the ancient pedigree as 
son of Baldwin de Hampden, who it is said was dispossessed 
of his lands by William Fitz-Ausculf at the Conquest and 
whose son, this Osbert, was reenstated at Hampden oq 
William II (1086). 

According to Browne Willis,* the name and arms of Sir 
Robert Hampden were inscribed in a window of the house 
at Hampden, and this is supposed to be the first Robert of 
the line The second Robert of the pedigree is said to be 
that Robert who married "Lora of the house of Gilford " 
and It IS further stated that Walter Gifford gave to Walter 
and Lora certain lands about Tame which Robert gave to 
the Abbey of Notley, but in the sketch of the Abbey of 

* Browne Willis was a descendant through the Puttenhams. 


Notley in Lipscombe's History this same gift to the abbey 
is ascribed to Sir Reginakl lie Hampden of a later generation. 

Willis' account of the monuments to the family remaining 
at Hampden mentions painted glass existing in his time 
showing the arms of Hampden impaling, Gules, three lioncels 
pasmnt argent, armed and langued azure, and an imperfect 

inscription appended, "married Lora the of de 

Bolebec." Also another coat with "Sir Robert Hampden 

daughter of Giff ," which has since been 


The Sir Robert de Hampden who it is claimed married 
Lora daughter of Walter Gifford, was father of Bartholomew 
de Hampden who in the time of Henry III (1216-1272) 
married a daughter of William de Fienes or Fynles, lord of 
Wendover and Missenden, and by tl;iis marriage became 
possessed of lands in Missenden, Wendover, Penne and else- 
where, which passed to his son Sir Reginald de Hampden. 

Sir Reginald de Hampden married Agnes, daughter of Sir 
Ingram Burton, and sister of Sir John Burton, w^ho had in 
frank marriage from her father, lands in Hulcot and Ayles- 
bury. Reginald was lord of both Great and Little Hamp- 
den. He was succeetled by his son Sir Alexander Hampden, 
who was sheriff of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire 1249- 
1251, and in 1260, and who died in 1262. He was a minor 
in 1220 at the time of his father's death. He is said to have 
borne as his arms Argent, a rave7i proper. He is said by the 
ancient pedigree to have married Marian daughter of Sir 
Bryan Herdeley who wdth the lady Avice, his wife, gave to 
Alexander Hampden lands in Ettindon, which were trans- 
ferred to the Abbey of Thame and reconveyed to said Alex- 
ander and Marian his wdfe, their heirs, etc. (Monasticiim, 
Anglicum vi. p. 405.) The date given for this transfer, 10 
Edward II (1316-17), either indicates a later Alexander, or 
may be the relation of a former grant. 


Beyond doubt, however, Sir Alexander left a widow 
Boniflie, who is named in a mandate to the sheriff of Bucking- 
hamshire, 1264, as his widow, and with William HamjDden 
and others as executors of his will, and they are called upon 
to answer the writ with his son and heir Alexander de Hamp- 

Sir .^exander had besides his heir, Alexander, who died 
without issue, sons William and Reginald; the latter of 
whom succeeded to the estates. He also had a daughter 
Christian, who is named in an inquisition post mortem of 31 
Edward I, as daughter of Alexander, and as having l^y gift 
given to Henry Dayrell, who died in 1293, the manor of 
Haneworth in Middlesex, to the said Henry and to the heirs 
of Alice, his wife. Henry Dayrell married Alice, another 
daughter of Sir Alexander Hampden. 

Reginald Hampden was ap})ointed to levy a scutage in 
Bucks in 1286. He is listed as holding one knight's fee in 
Great Hampden, of John de Bernak, of the honor of Dod- 
deley, in 1302-3, and this same fee was held by John Hamp- 
den in 1346. (Feudal Aids.) He is said to have died in 1332, 
and to have married Nichola, daughter of John de Grenville* 
of Wotton, by his wife Agatha, daughter of Walter de Burgh. 

* Arms of Grenville were: Oules, three organ-rests or. There is a pedi- 
gree ot Grenville in Lipscombe's History of Buckinghamshire (pp. .589 599) 
by which It would appear that the Hampdens claimed descent through the 
Grenvilles from Mauger, Earl of Carboil in Normandy, younger ?on of 
Robert, Duke of Normandy, ancestor of William the Conqueror^ and also 
X"^^^"age of Riciiard de Grenville with his daughters, from Walter 
Giftord, first Earl of Buckinghamshire. This pedigree in interesting but 
not convincing. ^ ;? & " 

In vol. 2 of Complete Peerage, the latest and best authority upon the 
peerage families of Great Britain, is a pedigree of Gifford. Walter GiiTord 
lord of Longueville in Normandy, son and heir of Walter Gifford (who was 
a son of Osborne de Bolebec by Avelina sister of Gunnora wife of Richard 
Duke of Normandy, and therefore a cousin of William the Conqueror) bv 
his wife Ermengarde, sister of William, lord of Evreux. and daughter of 
Gerald Flaitel, succeeded his father wiio had grants of 107 lordships from 
Wiliam before 1085 when he was Justicar of England. He was created 
Earl of Buckingham probably bv William II, and died 1102 By Agnes 
sister of Anselm de Ribemont, he had son Walter, second Earl who with 

owiii msrouv or iiik ittnam family. 

Li[)S('oi\»hi> iiKMitions a ii^vaui by Sir .\o\\\\ {U-ru\'\\\c niul 
Agjitha his wilt" h> ihis lu'ginald i.\c \\:\i\\\h\c\\ (\ . KM, lo5. 

Sir Ki'ginald was succimhIihI by liis son John lbim|)(l(Mi, 
iiUMilioiUMl below . 1 1(> had otluM- ('hiltli-(Mi, Mchiuind, Kobcrt, 
who iht'd al>oul b'Md, Kichard who luanitul Axict* daui:;hl(M' 
of Sir \\ alter Iploii iA KiiiibK\ Joaiio who married l''dimiiid 
J\hiHns, and Isabel who niarriinl (Jerai'd dt> i^raybrook. 

ThtM't' is an cnlry in [\\c CaUMuiai' ot Talent Rolls in b'MO 
ooneernini:; a t'orcible i'(Makinii oi eat lie, eU'., by (itMard de 
l>ra\brook, IMnmnd. lu>berl and Kiehaiil Hampden and 
others, which eat lie had been s(>i/,ed by llu> sherilT. There 
is also a reeoid ot lieenst^ to I'Mnmnd Malyns to {>nl'eolT Regi- 
nald Malyns his son and I'Minnnd Hampden tor lIuMr li\'(\s, 
o( the n\an(»r o\ Turley in Ihieks. (rdlcitl h'olls.) I'Minunil 
and Robert llamiulen wcr(> in llu> li'ain o{ IhMiry Bishop of 

wit'o lM'mvui::ar(lo. \vtMt> touiidt^rs oi' bonolai'ltu's ol tlu- .Vhln-v o( Notlov in 
l^vu'ks. ilo ilitnl lldl witlitxit issuo. 

Tlio tirst l'".;irl, tlu- siH'ond WalttM-. h:ui a sistor Koiiais wlm maniod 
IJichanl l''it/. llilhort. aiul tier i^roat <;raiutsoii. Kii-lianl ilo Claro, Marl of 
romhroko. \vl\o diivl tl7l'), stylod liiinsoll' tliird \v.\\\. AiltM- his iloath 
thoiT was m> lioKlt-r of tlio dignity until \M7 . wlion ■pn>inas I'lantagi-nrt , 
youn^tM- son »>f l'\l\varil III, was so I'lvatiHl. 

Till' "(.lilTonis from tlio ("omiuost to tl\o TrostMit Tinio." by Maj.- 
(.uMi. lion. Coorgo Wrottrsloy (,HHV_M, jvivos this piHliijroo in n\oiv vlotail, 
with sonio slio;l\t variation as to tlio fart.s in tiio cainvr of thf throo Waltors, 
and stales that Waltor tli> (!it1\)rd, who niarrioil ilauglitor of (Jiranl 
V'laitrl and was \\\c Comiurror's companion, liad l)osidt\s Kohais, "other 

In tlu> "(Iroat rioxcininii l''amilios of Mnjiland," tl»o autlior discards 
the early pedij^ree of the (.urnvilles, but st^vtes "they have an undoubted 
liistoric pediiiree, a family tree which can be prove*!, as well as delineateil, 
\ip to l*\lward I. Thcrt' was a (lerard ile (Irenville in the tin\e of Henry II, 
who heUl three kniiiht's ('et>s (uuler Walter (JitTord, Marl ol HuckinuilKun. 
There is no priH>l of any connection betwiH>n him and the foumlcr of the 
oxistinm hovise. Sir haistace de (irenville nmst at present stand at the 
head ot^ the l>uke of Uuckiui^ham's real pedij;rcc. lie had a jjrant in I27;i" 
of an estate in Wooton rndcrwoods. Tliis llustacc alsi) had lamls in 
(.^hilton. His son and hi-ir was (icraril de (Irenville, and a younger son 
was Hicharil »le (Irenville, who in l.XOJ hail wife Joane. daughter o( William, 
Lord Zouch of llarringworth. 

'Phis Kichard in \',V.W settled on his son William his manor of Wooton, 
with remainder to I'dmund, brother of the said William, and in default of 
heirs of his bodv to Mar>::erv. Nicholea and Agnes, daughters o{ the said 


Liiutoln, who went: Ix-yond kcjis on the kitij/'s scivicc in 
Ocl.oIxT, \:VM. (/hid.) 

.lolid I l,'iiii|«lcti li;i(| rustodv of llic .Violins );iM'ls in .''>.'> 
ImIw;ii(I III. lie nianicfj in \'.'>'2U, .lo;uiri(! (huijj;litcr of Sir 
IMiilip <\c Ayl''sl)nry of Middlcton i<(!yncs, imd died ;d)Onl; 
l.'>7r>. His sons wccf Hcj^iniiid who died williout issuf, ;i,nd 
Sii' Ivlnmnd his hcif, who difd in 1120, Icnvinj/ ;i will djilcd 
Uic pieced in <i; yciu' (/'. C C. Mdfcli, 'l()2j \>y which he ordcrH 
ji Hl.onc [)l;i.c('d over the ^'ivivc of himself Jirid his wife .JoJinru! 
in (lvci\.\ ll;inipden. lie w;i,s sheriff of I'licks ;uid l>e(|s 
14und lOKiclmrd 1 1, ;uid kni^dd. of Iho shin; !,:',, 4 Ilemy IV, 
and fif^ain sheriff in 2 and 7 IIern\y IV', and .'> Ifern-y \'. 

JIls wife w;i,s .)o;i,nna, widow of Sir K;d|»ti Stonore ;i.nd 
dau{i;ht,er of Sir Roherl P.elkn;ip, one of the Justices banished 
12 I{,i(;hard II. She luul hy her former husl»;i,rid, ji, son, 
'J'homas Stonore whose widow Alice m;i,rried IMchjird Dray- 
ton ;uid whose minor d;iu^liter in I4.'>2 wiis in ch;i,r^;e of liis 
cousins John ;i,nd Ivlmiind lla(n[)den. (Ancienl JJecd.s.) 

Sir Ivlmund Harrif^den harj, besldr-s a daughter Isiihel, 
wife of 'riiomas Ramsay iirid Inter of John W'roiifihton, two 

i{.i(-|i:ii'(i the j_'i;iiit()i-. In l.''..'.l .Ioiiik; w;ih Htill living', .'i widow, .■iri'l Willintii 
1,l)(; sou in \:',.',7 is si yl'-'l loi'i of VVoolon. 

I/i|)Hi-onili<; ill liislory ol l'.ufkin};;l];iirisliir<; CI, \'.'>'>) <\\i<>iAtH a. confirrriii- 
tioii of liiiid \a> i]i(: Alibcy ol Nollcy \>y Itc^inald dc <'inrrivillr\ fJcrnhJ d«} 
(Irciivillc, Hoti of I'iiisljicft, ;iri(l l{,<-;_'in!ili| (U; I l:itn|id(-n, Hon iirxl ln;ir of 
Ah;x!i,nd(;r d<r I l!i,in|)d(:ri, wlio riiurricd Nir;ol;i, il;iiif:;lit,<-r of Joliri d<! drcn- 
villf!, Jiiid («(!riird d<; < •rcjtv\\\('. having H(;),1,l«;d (;<;rt,;i,in liinds on W;ilt«;r do 
liiir(<;li, ),li(; lii,tt('r f.!;r;inf.<-d t-lKirn l/O lix: r;onv<:rit, of NoMcy .'irid !il tcrward 
Willijiin d(; flrciivilj*; wlio WiiH Hon iirid h«;ir of (U;rsin\, l{,;ili)li, liin Ijrotlicr, 
and Jl<;nry, Hon of Willi;i,rn, fjiiit.f/;d U) i,\n: c;onv(;rit, ttU:. lie; ;t\n() Kl.aioH 
tliiit, the ;il)OV<; C(T:i,rd, irKrntioncd ;ih liavin^ fonv<;y';d landM 1o Wa,lt,<;r do 
Jiur^^li, liavinfr (n.'iiTicd l)ionysia, daiij;;lil<T of Henry il<; 'rinljevilN:, Ht/<;war(| 
of (laHcoigny, with lier conHcait, settled lands in (Ihiltxin on t,lieir youJi/.^e,r 
Hon itdpii. I'>y LipHcornlx; (I , r)0'J; Nieola de ^Jren ville, wife of Mir Itej^i- 
liald df; llarnjiden, is said t,o liavc; he.en ;i daii^lit<rr of .John do f«r<!nviil<! 
by Agatha. daM>i;lit(;r of Williatn de I'.urgh who j^ave a deed in I!i74, who 
WaH Hon of William d(; 'Jrenville Hh(;rifi" of 0.xon, and liuekn, \2HU, and 
who wan Hon of f Jerard d<; Cirenville t.he eMer, u. eonsin of Sir lOiintaeo d<j 
(jirenvilic;, and whose wife, was I)ionyK<;a da,ii)^ht^;r of Mrjiiry de Tiirlxtvillo. 
itolxTt de (JrenviJIe is called ne.fjhew l)y Henry de Tiirhevill*;. William, 
lli»; Hh(!ri(f, had wif<: (;iirist,in;i, and was w;ird<;n of 0.xford (/aHt,le. lieyoml 
lliiH (jerrard do (jrcnville, the elder, it d(je.s not Hccrn .safe l/> venture. 


sons, of whom r^dimiud of Hockley was an adhoront of the 
Lancastrians and was taken prisoner at Tewkesbury, 1271, 
and died in prison. The elder si)n .loim died in 1450. In 
1440 h(> had a charter for view of frank pledge in Great 
Hampden. In 14'_>0, and 14o() he was knight of the shire, 
and in 1434 and again in 1450 was sheriff of Beds and Bucks. 
iMJuumd and .lohn Hampden married sisters, the former, 
Ann(\ widow of Sir William Alolyns, the latter lOlizaheth 
the third daughter of Sir ,Iohn Whalesborough. 

John Hampden by his wife h^lizabeth had Thomas, his 
heir, who was sheriff of Beds and Bucks in 1466-7, and who 
married Margery daughter of Sir St(>phen lV)j)ham and died 
22 Aug., 14S;> l(>aving a will; .John who in 14S1 is described 
as heir of his uncle l^hnund {Ancient Deeds); I'^lizabeth, 
wife of Inwardby of Missenden; l']leanor, wife of Walter 
Ardene; Alice, wife of Butler: Piiilippa, wife of Sir John 
Sterne, and Ann(> or Jan(> who marri(Ml William Buttenham 
of Putt(Miham and Benne. 

Thomas Hampden above mentioned, who died in 148)^, left 
sons John and b^dmund, the latter of Dunton. Kdnuind's 
son William had son John who was heir of his cousin John 
Hampden of Hampden, and so became possessed of both 
Dunton and Hampden. His son was John, whose son 
Griffith had a son W'illiam, bai)tized in 1570, who married 
Elizabeth, daughtt>r of Sir Henry Cromwell and aunt to 
Oliver Cromwell. 

John Hann)den the "Patriot" was son of \\'illiani and 
Elizabeth (Cromwell) Hampden. 

The Whalesborough family derived their name from the 
])arish and manor of this name in Cornwall. Gilbert in His- 
torical Sui-vey of Cornwall (II: 562), describes Whalesborough 
as a. tract of pleasant lands bounded ncM'th by the sea; and 


AM.IKI) I'AMfl.lKH. 


furl her sIjiIc;; IIi;iI Kliz.-ihrl h (|jui>?;lit('r :iii(l licircNs of 'riioimiH 
Wlin,l('sl)()i'()ii!';li, (•■•iiricil ;iii iimncriMc r<»iliiiic lo her liiishjiiid 
;i,ii(l roirsiii .loliii 'I'lcvi'l v;iii ol 'IVcv<'l y.'iii. 

Tlic c'lrlicMl 1 1 Id 1 1 ion (»r I Ik- I'.'unily i'i in I Ik- i<'i;';ii <»f IMclinrd I. 
Ill ll'jr) (■», l''.M(AMi's DM Wammjicahs licid linJf a, kiii;';lil'M Um) 
ill 'ric^iifjulor, and in tlic slicriff's return for ('(»riiwa.ll I'JOI '2, 
lie i.s iia,iii('d a,M lioldiii;'; one kni^lil,',M fee in lliai coiinl y. ( h'olnhis 
Caiicrlhini , .'> .loliii) He was living' III 1207 illoluli l''itii.hiif<), 
l)iil liail deceased l»y IT* .lolin,* as in llie I'eel of Much for 
(Jial ye-'ir iiieiilion is iiiadi- of a, ees.s.ioii of eslale in llie villen 
of Wa,lel»ra,wu,se, Mleni, l/aMicnwall, 'rnisdeii and llillieiilio 
wliieli .said I'liaraiiius de WaJel)ra,vv(ise lia,d, and Hie nianor.s of 
Walehrawiise and Laineiiwall are ceded to ()seniunde who • 
\va,s wife of riiaiaiiiiis. 'I'licse a,re pari of llie same eslalcM in 
poHHCHMion of llie family a,l a, niiicli la.ler da,le,| and lieiice Hk; 
(IcHcenl of Hie laler owners of liiin manor, of Hie same iiaine, 
from l''arajiiii;. may he accepled us proven, alllioiifdi a, j^'ip of 
nearly aceiil my is yel lo he l»rid;',ed so far as Hie names, of Hie 
ne\ I lieir:i are c<)|icerne(|. 

In 1271, .lolin Slary l'>'^l lands in Cornwall Ity rea,,soii of a 
defaiill a|';aiiisl William tit- Wlialeshrew in Hie Coiinlv Conrl. 
TIiIh Hiune William was |)laiiililT in (wo siiils in r27.S. A 
Williain de WliaJeshrewes had prol.eclion irranied him in 
l<"e|niiary and May 1277 as he wa„M f'joinj'; l(» Wales on Hcrvicd 
ol Hie kinj',, and in .Iiiiie r27S a, similar proteclioii as he wmh 
j;!;oin<2; (,o Saiitia^^;*). il'alnil liolls.) 

'V\u' next loi'd ol' (he manor of whom we have kiiowle(|fj;(i 
is Mark i|e WaJeshrew who died jirior lo l.'IOI, in which year 
(he kin;-; picsi'nlfd .loliii le I'niii (o (he eh inch of S( . MawiMin |: 
in the of |';xe(,er, in his ;.';if(- hy rea,soii of ha,vin>.'; flic of (he lands and heir t)f Mark, a, (cnajd in (diief. 

•*■ III (lie l/il)(-i IJiilicMii ol llic ivxrlnKjiicr i'.iiniiMiH id idiitcil lo liold 
oim kiii(.';lirH f«)(5 ill ('oiiiwmII, ill Ji'JO, ('2()( <rj, mik I IL'KI II. 
t Si'c Tool, Molr \y,H!^t' .'{7. 
\ I'lic I'liiiicli ill Wli;ilciilii)i(iiif.^li. 


{Pah'iit liolls.) 'V\\c I'ViuImI Aids mention heirs of Malhei iK* 
WjiUvslHM'g as holdiuii; one fouiih i>aii oi a fee in Lanniaylyu 
in VMYS. 

Mark do Wah^sbrew had sons Jolin and William, tlu> latter 
aged M in i;>()2 wIumi he was lieir to his brotiuM-, the eldest 
son, wlu) had died without issut\ This \\'iHiam was mar- 
ried at th(> ai;(> oi live years to .loani^ dauf2;ht(>r of Roger 
Carniinow. when he was ward of William Hottn^aux [Year 
book, Edward I, VM)2). Bottn^aiix in 13();i held a knight's fee 
in Walosborough, and in 1,'>0L! had endeaN'ored to secure 
poss(\ssion of {he person of the young heir, his ward, from the 
Carminows. In llvUi a William Hottrt^aux is n^turned as 
holding a knight's f(>e in Whalesborough which had biM-n 
his grandfatluM-'s; but in 1428 Joane widow o( John de Wales- 
boro and others lield this same knight's fee. {Feudal Aids.) 
Vdno is first nuMitioned as part of the ])ossessions of the Walos- 
br(>ws in the time o( this William, who had it from his father. 

Roger tie Carminow^ ditnl in \'A()\), leaving son and heir 
OHver, born 1279 and younger sons John. Richard and Mirvan. 
{Pafod Ralls.) From a law suit 'M) Edward I (i;U)l-2\ we 
h^arn that Sara de llonyacote was mother oi the last Roger. 
The first of the Carmininvs was Rol)ert living 1200 (>, who 
was succeeded by his son Roger who marricnl Sarah (living 
1255-6) daughter ami heir of (Jervais Honacote. {Msilation 
of Cornwall in Harl. Soc.) Tlieir son Roger married Joana, 
who in 1320-1 is called lady of Ka(M-mynow. {Feet of fines.) The 
arms of Carminow are Azure, a bend ar, unth a label of three, 
ffides. Crest : .1 dolphin emboieed or. 

In 1314, Robert le Hottiller was presented to the church of 
Udno Parva by reason of the lands and heir of Mark de Wales- 
brew being in the liands of the king. (Patent Rolls.) Yet 
William must have been at this time of ag(\ and he was living 
in 1321 whtMi his grant to Jolm Carminow of his manor of 
Udno for the life of said John was confirmed. He died prior 


to 1834, when his widow was wife of William dc 'rrclaiinoy. 
{Feel of fines, (^omivdll.) 

In I. 'Ml .Idliii (Ic Walcsboro was nictiihcr of parli.'iiiictit, 
and in KMfiiic iicld two parts oi' a knight's fe(; in lJ(hio which 
Mark de Waleshoro had held. {Feudal Aids.) H(! was suc- 
cwuJcd by John iV' Walcsboro or Walcsburgh, who is named in 
a commission of array lor ('oriuvall in 1377 and KiSO, and 
died prior to 13S2. {Falenl Halls.) This latt(!r .John left a 
widow Marganst, who probably in J 382 became wile of Thilip 
Tr(!thosa, as on G July of that year a commission was issued 
to the sheriff to enquire to whom John dc Wal(^sbrew, de- 
ceased, whose son John is a minor, granted Ihe manors of 
lIdno,*etc. and whose wife Margan^t married riiilij) Tretliosa. 
{Patenl Rolls.) 

John, the minor son mentioned above, was a ward of tlx; 
king in 1.'>,S7 when the king presents to the clnn"ch of St. 
Maugan in his gift by reason of the custody of the lands and 
lieir of John (U' Walesbrew deceased. {Falent Rolls.) 1I(; 
married Joane daughter of John Rawleigh of Nettlecomb, 
Somerset, who was living in I42.S, wluiii she held f)arl r)f the 
knight's fee in Walesborough fornuirly held by William de 

This Sir John was father of Thomas d(i Whales})orough, the 
sheriff of 143(), who was his heir, and who died without issue, 
and of two daughters, Anm; and I<]Iizab(!th, of whom the latter 
married John Hampden of Hampden. 

Thomas Whalesborongh, the sheriff, was succeeded l)y liis 

* Ootiimissioii t^) SIktIIT of ('oriiwall, U) «3n(jiiir<; if wirtain persons to 
whom .loliri Waleshrewe, (IcceascMl |wiios(! son John is a iriinor], f^ranted 
loiif^ hiifon- ills (iciiUi. tilt! manor of llchioii, liold in duv.f of Wu-. Dinghy of 
Cornwall hy knij^ht s<!rvice and tli«! manors of Walosbrewc, Trcros, Lanj^- 
ferf, ljarn(!lwen, and Mlivcn, with advowsons of Uitiir (;hiir(;h(!s for life of 
his wife Mar>i;aret. whom I'hilip Trelliosa marritid, as apnoint^jd by ln<|iiiHi- 
tion, wer(; (rnfeofTed of Hut [)remis(!s on this (condition, vi/,., if said Margaret 
remained single they should enfeoff her for lifi;. (i Jiily, i'.iH2. {Calendar 
Patent JMIn.) \ 


son Thomas, whose wife was sister of Sir Simon Rawleigh* of 
Nettlecomb, whose daughter Elizabeth, the last representative 
of the family, — her uncle John, sheriff in 1458, having died 
childless, — married John Trevelyanof Nettlecomb about 1494. 
{Visitation of Cornwall, Harl. Soc.) 

In Hitchin's History of Cornwall it is said that the remains 
of the ancient manor house of the Whalesboroughs is now a 
farm house. 

The arms of Whalesborough are Argent, three bends gules, 
within a bordure sable bezantee. Two seals of Thomas 
Wlialesborough are descril^ed l^oth showing the bends. 


In the seventh year of Richard I (1195-6), a fine passed 
between Eileuysa de Eilesbirie and Gerard filius Oseb(ertis?), 
of a messuage in Aylesbury. 

In the fourth year of the reign of John (1202), a fine was 
passed between Matilda de Aillesberie, querent and William 
de Crokeste and Alice de Eston, deforciants, of a property in 
Dimrego. {Bucks fine.) 

*Sir Walter Rawleigh of Nettlecomb, Somerset, knight, j Ismen. 

John Rawleigh of do. 

Simon Rawleigh of do. 

John Rawleigh of do.j Ismenall. 

Joane, daughter and heir.T John Whallesborough, Esq, 

Thomas Whallesborough, Esq. T Matilda. 

Elizabeth, daughter and heir. = John Trevilian, Esq., living 1494. 
{See Visitations of Devonshire and Cornwall; Harl. Soc.) 


Walter de Alesbury was constable of the Castle of Walling- 
ford in 22 Edward 1 (1293-4), and was "sometimes called 
Walter de Taplowe," he was "a tenant of the Earl of Cornwall, 
was by him constituted governor of the Castle and Honor of 
Wallingford and of the barony of St. Valery 1299." {History 
of Wallingford, p. 350, quoting Dugdales Antiquities.) Had 
custody of the Honor of Wallingford in 1300, and until 1307. 
(See an inquisition of 2 Edward II mentioned by J. K. Hedges 
in his History of Wallingford, Berks, 1881.) The Honor of 
Wallingford was part of the dower of Margaret, widow of 
Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, the sister of Gilbert de Clare, 
Earl of Gloucester. In 1303 as Walter de Heilesbery, with 
Esolda his wife, he held lands in Rostronggales in Cornwall, 
which in 1346 were held by William de Botrigan. (Feudal 

These are the earliest mention of the name in this vicinity, 
which, in view of Sir Philip's residence in that part of Buck- 
inghamshire, would lead to the suggestion that they might 
have been of the same family. Sir Philip had two parts of a 
knight's fee, which he held of the king, in Middleton Keynes 
in 1302-3, which he also held in 1316 (Feudal Aids, 1-104), 
and his descendants possessed an estate there for several gen- 
erations. Middleton or Milton Keynes is in the extreme 
northeastern part of Bucks, about midway between Newport 
Pagnell and Fenny Stratford, and close by Woughton. He 
also held two parts of a knight's fee in Magna Craule. [A John 
Aylesbury and John Knyvet are mentioned as heirs of Ralph 
Basset of Weldon, knight, in 16-17 Ric. II, 1292-4.] In 
1278-9, according to an Incj. p. m. of 7 Edward I a William 
de Ailesbury died seized of lands in Aylesbury, Mentlesham 
and Wendover. 

Sir Philip was high Sheriff of Bucks in 1318, then being of 
Milton Keynes, and again in 1324 and 1327. In 1316 he was 
either sole or joint lord of Bradwell and Stanton, Milton 


Keynes in Bucks., Roulesham, county Oxon, and Zeals in 
Wiltshire. {Pari. Writs.) In 1310 he acknowledged and 
proffered the service of one serjeanty, with one aketown, 
ganibezoun and helmet, performed by himself, at the muster 
at Tweedmouth. (Ibid.) 

In 1332 the sheriff returned that due notice had been given 
him at his desmesne in the Liberty of Berkhamstead, but he 
had not been resident in the county and that he was under 
60 years of age. {Ibid). He was knight of the shire in 1324, 
1338, 1340, 1341, 1344 {Lipscombe: Hist, of Bucks), and of 
Herts in 12 Edward III. He is named in the printed Feudal 
Aids as living in 1346. He was one of the Commission of 
the i)eace for Bucks, with Reginald de Hampden and Robert 
Barry in 1317, and 1345 with John de Hampden and Alex- 
ander de Sanderton. {Cal. Pat. Rolls.) 

Sir John de Aylesbury was High Sheriff of Bucks in 1368, 
1373, 1377, and knight of the shire in 1377 and after. He 
appears to have died in 1410 S(>izetl of the manor of Middleton 
Keynes, among others, and to have been succeeded by his 
son Thomas who died in 1418 leaving a widow Catherine, who 
had the manor assigned her as dower and Vho died in 1437 
seized of a third part. In 1424 Hugh, son and heir of John 
who w^as son and heir of John,* also died seized of this manor; 
and in 1429, Margery wife of John Shelton died seized of a 
third part of the manor. According to Lipscombe, (iv, 243) 
who gives the above information based u])on inquisitions, the 
line of descent was as follows: 

* This is an error, for according to Inq. p. m. 2 Henry VI, Hugh son 
and heir of John, son and heir of Thomas, is found to hold Milton Caynes 
manor and the advowson of the church. In 10 Henry V (1422) John son 
of Thomas died having these same lands, etc. (Inq. p. m.) 


Thomas de Aylesbury. r 


John de Aylesbury. 

Thomas de Aylesbury, -j-Cathoriue, died 1437. 
died 1418. 

Thomas de Aylesbury, t 
Inq. p. m. 1439. 

I . I . 

Eleanor, wife of Humplirey Elizabeth, wife 
Stafford, had the manor of of Thomas 

Mihon Keynes. Charworth. 

If the above pedigree is correct, the Joiin de Aylesbury in 
the })edigr(>e was the sheriff' of 1356, and i)rol)al)ly nephew of 
Sir Philip de Aylesbury, sheriff in 1324. We may accept 
also the suggestion that Sir Philip was son of Walter de Ayles- 
bury living in 1300. 

In Ancient deeds (A. 0791) there is note of a grant by 
Warin de Eylesburie to his son William of rent in Crekelade, 
which he had by the death of William de Eylesburie his father, 
rendering certain services to the chief lord of Southampton. 
The locality was in Wiltshire. Among the witnesses were 
Adam de Elyesburi(!, Warin's eldest son, and Geoffrey de 
Mandeville.* There is a seal, but no date attached to the 

The above William enfeoffed Sir Adam de Stratton of cer- 
tain lands in Wilts, in reign (^f I'^dward III. (Ancient Deeds, A 

There was a younger Sir Pliilij) d(! Ayl(;sbury of [Bucking- 
hamshire?], a contemporary of Sir John de Aylesbury, and 
doubtless near kin. He had a son Roger who, calling himself 
son and heir to Philip de Aylesbury, released to John Bucke- 

* Tliere were three (Jeoffrey de Mandevilles, in the reigns of Kteplien, 
Henry II, and John, anyone of whom might have been the witness named 
in the deed above. 


mor and his wife Agnes, for their Hves, his right in lands 
belonging to the said Philip in Wydenhay, Toneworth, Dodes- 
ton, Burmynsham and Merston Botyler, 18 Richard II (1394- 
5). (Ancient Deeds, A 6870.) 

This Philip had wife Agnes, who joined with him in a release 
to the prior of Chaucombe 46 Edward III (1372). {Ancietit 
Deeds, il 6182.) Philip had in right of his wife Agnes, a moiety 
of the manor of Lappe worth, Warwickshire, which moiety 
was released by John Bropne in 7 Henry V (1419-20). {Ancient 
Deeds, A 6418.) An earlier document is a memorandum of 
a bond regarding a division of this manor dated 37 Edward 
III (1363), and a suit, to which the parties were Philip Ayles- 
bury and Agnes his wife, and Richard Montfort and Rose his 

wife on the one part and Sir John and John Page on the 

other. (Ancient Deeds, A 6597). Philip was living in 

6 Richard III (1382-3) {Ancient Deeds, A 8303). and in a release 
given by him in 1375-6 he is styled son and heir of Roger de 
Aylesbury, knight. This release is to Richard Montfort and 
his wife Rose, on certain rents etc., formerly Walter de Swanes- 
diche's in Toneworth, Longedone and Solihull. {Ancient 
Deeds, A 7012.) • ' 

Sir Roger de Aylesbury, appears as a witness to a deed of 

7 Edward III (1333-4). Locality Warwickshire. {Ancient 
Deeds, A 8178.) 

In 14 Richard II (1390-1) Roger de Aylesbury of Lapworth 
granted to William ^lountfort and his wife Agnes and their 
heirs 20 merks yearly rent out of * * * * but saitl grant to be 
void if said William and Agnes have peacefid possession of 
the reversion of their part of the manor of Grendeburg expec- 
tant on the death of Agnes mother of the said Roger. {Ancient 
Deeds, A 9668.) 

From a suit of 48 Edward III (1374) by which Philip de 
Ayllesbiu-y and Agnes his wife, and Richard de Montfort and 
Rose his wife seek to obtain possession of two parts of the 

I'^rom thcso frn,;-!;inot\ts; wo coustri 

>Yalti'v <li' Avleslniry, llvhiii 
1303. rrobably oV lOti. lUioUs 
ami Wiirwick. 

M ivvi-a ret, dan sli t o r 
/luul liolrees of Hoboi t 
'do Kt'.vnos of Milton 
Kovi^i-'s. llvins;- 1'27S, a 
dOtJi'L'iKtant of Will, do 
Oaliaiuno.-* or Koyiies, 
nu'siio \oid of Pod 
ford, Fartliiuviton.oto. 
\n tlio tinioof Wm.tho 

Sir riiilip dii Avlosimry, 
of Milton Ko\ no^. Uiuks, 
died lati'itlian i;Ut>. Am'd 
loss titan (iO years in 13-.'-2. 
Kniu'lif oi tlio (;liii-e tor 
Hodsand llnoks, 1810, 1321, 
VAli, 1.SJ4, i:«7. 


Sir John of IMilt 
KOVIK'S. dit"<1 1 1 
Slit'i-ill 1:!(>S. Kni! 
of the shii-e, 1 
and later. 

Thonms. of Mil 
Kovnos, died 1 

d. U-2-2. 

11 null, 
d. 14>4. 

Eleanor, liai 
ton Keynes, 
of lln"nii>lir 
Stall ord. 

* Sir Robert do AlUes- 
byry bore '•(i'<i:u>- une 
lacioh iVarnctit label tie- 
!/ul*s." See roll of KnlKlits 
j.Hkon at Horoughbrldge. 

lot th(! follovvin^i; tentative |)0(lii;Tee;* 

Willljiiii .1.. KylOHhutic 

Sir Koffcr of <•<,. 
Knltrlitof ttu^Bliiie 


Sir I'hillt) oC I.iip- 
worllH?, CO. Will' 
wi<'k, liviiij,' 13h2-:{. 

elitoHt son. 

= Aj,Mi(!H. ilau>,'hter of iriijrh 
il(.' Hranlestoii, and 8i8t(!r 
of Roue, wife of Rir.linrrl 
Montfoit, livintf 1;{90-1. 

VVllIlani, temp. Edw. 
III. There vvawa Wi|. 
liam KvleHltiirle of co. 
Kiitland 1:111-1322, an. I 
KiilKlit of that Hhlie 
l;UH, 1824. 

ditMl 1437. 


d. I»3i). 



wife of 





the manor of Radynhalo, wo obtain the followinfj; fXMligree 

Hugh (le Hruiitcston and 
Marj^aret liis wile had a 
grant of 1/3 the nuinor of 
Radynhalc from Jiartliolo- 
mew de Yatyngetiene. 

Henry T 

Hugh J 

Agnes, wife of Philip de Rose, wife of Richard de 

Aylesbury, plaintiffs. Montfort, phiintiffs. 

The (lefendents are P^thehh'eda de Montagu, daughter and 
heiress, and a minor, of Edward de Montagu, and Joan for- 
merly his wife, {(jlencalogist N. S. XII \). lOG — De Banco jor 
Norfolk, Mich, term.) 

Sir Robert Bklknap. 

There was a Robert de Releknaj)j)e settled in Kent, who in 
the 14th century was h)i'd of the manor of Hempstead, and Sir 
Robert de Jielcknappe granted by a (\('V(\ 1st Mareli, \'A75, 
lands near Chatham to the prior and convent of Roches. He 
was the son of John and Alice Belcknappe. In the year 
1346-7 one of the councillors named in the year book had the 
surname Belcknajjjje, his Christian name not being given. 
The first mention of our Sir Robert de Belknaj), whose name 
was more frequently spelled Bealknappe, is in the year book 
for 1362-3. In the years 1365 and 1369, he was appointed 
one of the commissioners to survey the coast of Thanet and 
protect that district from the sea, and in 1372 was again a|)- 
pointed on a connnission to protect the coast of Kent. In 
1366 he received the appointment of King's sergeant, with a 
salary of £20 i)er anmmi. He received an equal salary as one 
of the Justices of Assize;, which position he occupied at this 


(iiiKv 11(> was inmlo Chiof .lustico of tlH> (^muiion IMeas in 
\',u \, aiul thai yc.'ir was one of \\w s(>V('n envoys sent across 
\\\r svAs lo cdnfcr w itli the cinoys of the P;ip:il coiirl, with (he 
oxpcclation, of al IcmsI th(> hope of scMlling ihc (Hu>s(ions in- 
volv(>(l r('t!;ar(linL!; the honoi' (>^ the chui'ch and i-jghts of lh(* 
i'l'own of I'aigland. W'icliff was oii(> of this onihassy. At tho 
tiint> of Walt Tyloi-'s i-cltcllion, in liJSI. an oulhicak ai;-ainst 
\\\c |>oli tax, lM>lcknapp(' was sent to l-'ssex with a conunission 
o{ "M'rail hast(tn'' to cnforci" th(> law. but was conipcllcd by 
the insurii;(Mits to tak(> oath ncxtM' to sit in any such sessions, 
and was Nci'y ^hid to obtain liis release lui those tiM'ins. llo 
was knii2;hted in \'ASP), and was one of tiu> judi2;(>s snnmioiuMl to 
council al Noltin^hani in August, \'AS7, to decide lIuMiuesliou 
propoundcMJ by th(> kin^, if th(> oi(linanc(>s by which \\c dis- 
missed Michael de la ToK', I'larl oi SnITolk, wcvc d(>rogatory to 
the royal |)reroi2;ative. Sir Koberl Helcknajiiu^ sii2;n(Hi with the 
otluM's a n^ply favimible to tlu^ kin<:;. but not until after 
^reat pressiu'c had been (^xeited. es|)eeially upon the* nioro 
iniU>i>(>nd(Mit nienilnMs of the council. It is said that Sir HoIhmI 
J^idknap was particularly thn^atentMl by th(> Puke of Ireland 
and \ho \vAv\ of Suffolk. 'VUv P'.aii o{ Suffolk had lH>(>n ini- 
]H>ached by rarliament. which forced tlu^ kiui:; actiui;" lhrouf;'h 
the cru|U(> then in powiM-, to transfer the administrative au- 
thority lo a council o^ nobI(\s. I'arly th(> n(>xt y(>ar. Parlia- 
uuMil attain assumed control, and th(> judii;(>s W(M'e s(Mtt lo the 
tower exci'pt 'rnvsilian, who was ex(H'uttMl on llu> ciiari!;{^ of 
trtvison. 'rh(\v W(M-(> simiIimicihI to death and lo forf(Mf tluMr 
hinds and ^(KhIs, but b>' the intercession oi \\\o bishops tluMr 
]tunishment was chan^cHl to banishmcMit to Ireland, the at- 
tainter. howt^ver, not bcMug removiHi. Dro^lu^la was (U^sig- 
natinl as llu^ plac(> o( Sir Uoberl Hi^lknap's (>\il(\ and he was 
alhnvcMl, by an arraui^'cnuMil with his w if(\ L' IT) out i^'i his(>stato, 
of which L'U) was for his own us(>. 

He was not allowed [o n'turn until i;>!)7. in whicii vear tlio 


judgfis }iad their estates restored, an act anriulkjd two yrsars 
later on the aceession of Henry IV, and in tliat same year the 
Commons [>etitioned Parliarru^nt that tlu; cslaU'S of the judges 
should be restored. In 1401, two of liis eolleagues, Holt and 
Burgh petitioned Parliament, and as H(;]knap did not join in 
this [K'tition, it maybe assunK^d that he had deceased. His 
wife did not deefasf; until 14H-1.5. She is variously styloid 
Sybcll and .Julinna, ihf Intlcr hcin^; the namc! used in tfic 
royal grant for a more speedy f)ayment of th(! pension in 
1390. In spite of the attaintcr, shr- scrms to liavc; retained 
possession of the estates until Ixr dc'itli, when they fell to 
the crown, but Sir Hammond, son and heir to his father, 
obtained from Parliament the removal of the act of attainter, 
and continued the line A much longer note on Sir Robert 
B(!lkna})vvill be found in IIk; Diet ionary of National Biography 
written by .1. M. Pigg, from which thcjabovewas mainly taken. 
Hasted in History of Kent (I, i'4r)) quot^js an escheat j)rov- 
ing that Juliana, wife of Sir Robert, was daughter of John 
Dors(!t of CO. Essex, 


The ancient family of the (.'ounts of l);miiii;irlin enters 
twice into the line of ancc^stry of the Put lenhams, once 
through th(! marriage of William Puttcnham with Anne 
Hamf)den, again through the; marriage of his son William with 
Margaret Warbleton . 

When, in ]'.V2'4, John St. John died, leaving a son of the 
same name, it, was found by inquidlion jtosi morlem that 
they held Pagliuni in TiuKh-ige, Surrey, of Jolm rjc Warl)l(;ton, 
heir of Alice de Damin;uiin; and still earlier, in P279, Alice 
de DanuTiartin and Rogc^r le Clare, held with Thomas de 
Warb](!t/)n, the manor of I'^ffingham, which was om; of the 
five knight's fees of the Dammiulins. (Bray ami Manning: 
History oj Surrey.) Alic(! de Dammartin is said to hav(! 

cwxii msTOKv ok riiK i'Uinaim i amii.v. 

iiiaiiirtl tii'sl Sir .Idliii (If W'aiiliMi, aiul in \'2'2\ A a iiiaiulalc 
IVoiii llic kiii^ was st'iil Id lilt" slit'rilT of Noil'olk lo (lt'li\rr lo'liii all ihat Innd whidi Ik'I(>mj2;(>(1 lo Alice tic |)aiiimafliii, 
isislci- aiitl heir of Oilo dc Daimuaiiiii, iltH-easiM!. ( liloincl'u'hl: 
Historii Iff Norfolk, 7:25-1.) Alu-f is fiiillicr said lo liavc 
iiiaiiiftl alioiil 1231-2 Roger le Clare (Ihid.), ami llial ii|u.ii 
lii.s tleath she f!;a\'e 200 marks lo hast" Ihe cuslttdy of his laiitls 
ami the marriai'V of his heii'. Thai Ihis is Ihe Alice wluise 
heir John de WaiMelon was, Ihere can l>e lillle doiihl. She 
was tlau^hlei' of (^Ai^ and soiiieliiue in Ihe TJlh cenlurv, ihe 
dcetl is untlaletl, ()tlo tie hanunailin citi\liinied lo ihe monks 
of Si. I'ancras lantls in ('harlehamme t>l ihe lee of Tenm^e 
('l'antli'if!;e) in Smrey, which hi.s falhei' \\ illiam had L'iianletl 
lo them, (Ancitiil Ihals, A. :\\)7S.) And m l:'ll i'.', i^ilo 
de hammartin held ^^'olt>stetle in Snii'e\ , which had heen 
held l>>' lvep;inald dt> l.ncy (h'ctl HooLA This l\e»!;inald de 
l.ncN''' helil ihemanttr o'i WHlenesle in SniTey in (he lime tif 
Henry 11 (I IT)! SO), ami his son Uichartl is said hy l>n>i;dale 
[Huron, 1 .!'>(''>^) tt> have ^^'wt'U one half Ihe mantu- of Tamliij:;e 
to llogcM' St. .Itthn antl (Klo de l>ammarlni, who hail maiiietl 
his sisl(>rs. Act'ording to lUomelield, Oiltt, tie Dannnai'lin 
held one knight's f(>e in Strumpshaw in 1210 I I, which ll(<nry 
1 hati granted to his ancestor, antl also paid 100 marks for 
liis father's lantls in Memllesham in Snl'fttlk, ami this Otio 
is saitl ti> havt> hetni son of another Otlo whose wiilt)w Hasilia 
gave, in 1151, ('>0 m.nrks to havt> her tltvwtMv 

In IKU) Alhericns tie hammartm, wlu> held ceiiam knii.!;ht's 

* l\t'gmal»l ilo l.iicy was inolKiiMv (\\v l>af»m of that name \vhi> was 
g()ve.rnor7)r Nttttingham l'i>r llomv it (Uuiuj|; tlio ivlu'llitm of tlii> Karl <»f 
LuifosttM". His wife was Aimabell, stH-oiul i>r tho throo tlaiii;l\tors of Wil- 
liam I'ityi l>iu»tnui, Karl t>l' Murray, bv Alict^ daumlittM' ami iieir t>l' Rt>lHM't 
tU; Uunu^lis, Lt>rtl ol' Skvpton, with wlittm l\t> ai-qiiiitHl tho ht>iit>r of lOjjre- 
u\oi\t iiv Cuioherlaiul. I lis sutiv.ssor was his sou Rithartl, who luul livory of 
lus lauils [\\ llUl). Ill* tlioil heforo TJlc'v It lias lu-t^u stu'iuistHl tiiat Uogi- 
nalil tic Lucy was brotlicr t>f liifhai\l ih^ l-UfV, i>ut> of l\iug Stephen's 
jiarty, ami in tho roi>^u of lloury, Justice of lOnglatul, ami lal»M''uteuaul 
of Ku'rlautl. lie tlieil soou after I ITS. 

Al,l,ll';i» !■ AIMII.IK.H. 


{t'c:\ ill Noiinllv and Surrey, iiiliiic.m liiti lin»llicr VVilliiuii (|(i 
I )niiiiiiarliii (litd Hook), Mild lliiH Williajii in iiiciil IoikmI mh 
Ixildiii;' ccrlaiii I'crM in Snirey in I KiC* and i;i al;;o imnl imicd 
ill llii' \'\\M- Iwill III I ICtd I III I IiIh year iiJho, MaiinaHUcli dc 

I K'lliiliiai'l in wliu |iu;;,;(;,;cd M(lldlf;',lia III ill SlllToll'. ill ll(»() I 
(I'ljx- h'olh), winch III- al:i(i held Icli \i'ai;i Inlcr, cii I ilii( | l|i;i.l 
111- held ul I he k 1 1 If, a;i lii;; lal Ikt lunl An ( )(|(i i\r I );iiiiiiia i I in 
i,s iiiciilioiK'ij a;i early a,;i I KiV S, and a,M laic a-;i I \\)\), an hold- 
iiif; I'ccji in Noil'iilk and SillTolk. iluil Hook). II' vvc accept, 
I'huiiclii'jd ':: | mm 1 1;' I cr, ihc III;. I ()d(), who had dli'd |ill<i|- lo 
ll.'rl, Ic a\iii;' a, widow liaMilia,, watilallnr ol Williaiii, AJheii 
(•iiM, and |iio|)a,l)ly ManiiaMMeh, ajt well a;i < )d(( AikI Ihi- 
Williaiii would l»c Ihai Williani who had moii Odd ;in<l r::liil(;', 
in Snrrc)'. While Ihc ;il alciiiclil:. ol I'lnimhcld caiinol he 
li^lilly diMref';a.rde(|, there i;i a Mii).';f',eiit ion ol an error in Inn 
|»e(li|'Tcr, and reaiioii to doiiht t hat Alice wa;; ilaiijdilcr ol ( )do, 
MOM (»r ( )d(i, hilt that lathci the line ran Mice, < )d(i, Wilhain, 
iJie laitt lunnefl a, hrol her ol AlhericiiM. Am Umm ,\IIhi H'u;; i;; men 
lioiied in I ISC) V aM ( 'omit, AlliericiiM, who can he nu ul her I haii 
the e\il<-d all)' ol' Henry, Alheric or Atilai, the '.ecmiil ('ounl. 
ol I )amiiia,rt III in I'lance, who lia,d Miicceecled to hi;', lalher'n 
lille and <'HlulrH alter I I. SO, it would lullow thai Williani, lal her 
of 0<|o, vva,H a,n<»t her, a, voiin,"er ;;iin, ol the old ('omil. 

The lollowi-i;. ol the lloirie (»!' Alijou ;ind theil ;dlleM Wefe 
a,ccoiMliiodated Willi lord;ilii|);'. in lMi,<daiid a; well a;. l''i;in(!0, 
and in I 100 ijenry wa;i in the /enith ot lii;i power Me wa,M 
llie iiiomI piiiiiMaiit prince in I'inrope Ili;i poH,MeM;iioii:i on Hie 
conliiKiil esleniled I roll! the noilhein limit;i ol Noimandv l(» 
Ilie (Jilir ol Lion;;, and lar exceeded the leriilorie;; ol IIm' Imiii', 
ol I'ViOii-e, who;ie va,;;;ial la- wa,;i. I'lom the linieol lliei'on 
(|lleHl., and lor I wo centmie;'. Iherenll'l the le;i(hli;' laliillle;! 
of l'ln^;la,Iiil |)OM;ie;i;ied lainki in I'Vaiice, mid I'Veiich ;;ei;' neiir;i 
landa in l'!ii;'la,iid which Ihey held ol I he lsn/.!;linh kiiif;. The 
(•oni|)lica,lion;i and loih-ilureh whicii lU'OHL' Iroin Ihia divided 


allegiance has given iis a vast amount of genealogical material 
which otherwise- would not have been preserved. 

M. Henri Malo, the biographer of Renaud de Dammartin, in 
relating the fall of Count Aubri (Alberic), the father of Renaud, 
shows that on his flight from Dammartin he was given refuge 
by Henry and grantetl estates in Norfolk, and at the same 
time his faithful followers were also similarly rewarded. But 
he makes no allusion to the fact that the Dammartins had 
possessed lands in that county nearly thirty years earlier. 
Aubri II also held Lillebonne in Normandy, and Alisai, and 
thus was more easily led to take part against Philip Augustus 
than might otherwise have been the case. 

The origin of the Counts of Dammartin of this period is 
unknown.* Aubri or Alberic I, Count of Dannnartin, had 
been chamberlain of France. He married Clemence, tlaughter 
of Rena\ul I, Coimt de Bal, and was living as late as 1181. 
His predecessor in the countship of Dammartin was Lancelin 
de Hell, who in turn succeeded Hugues II of the old line de- 
scended from Mannasseh, founder of that dynasty, who was 
killed in 1087 before Bar-le-Duc. The connection of Lancelin 
with Hugues, and of Alberic with Lancelin is not revealed by 
any record known to be extant. The chateau of Dammartin 
is but s(n'en leagues from Paris and foui- from Nanteuil-IIau- 
doin. Its site is still to be traced. The county was held 
direct from the king of France, but w^as or had been in some 
way connected with the more important county of Ponthieu 
from which it was separated by the Vermandois, a territory 
dis]iuted between the Counts of Flanders and the French 
King. The early Counts had not hesitated to wage war 
against their lawful overlord, the King of France, and they 
were indeed among the most powerful of the great seigneurs 
of middle France. Aubri or Alberic II, in 1182, allied himself 

* Tlie facte concerning the Counte of Dammartin are gleaned from 
"Le Grand Feudataire Renaud de Dammartin et la Coalition de Bouvines," 
by Malo, Paris, 1898. 


with Philip Augustus of France against the Duke of Flanders, 
who with his allies disputed the possession of Verrnandois. 
He was surprised in his castle, taken prisoner, his castle was 
fired, and the county devastated. Although the allies, forced 
to protect their line of retreat by the prompt action of Philij:), 
were obliged to abandon their purpose of beseiging Paris, 
yet a peace was made in the following year, which probably 
did not recognize the losses incurred by Alberic, and smarting 
under a sense of injustice he, three years later, allied himself 
with Henry H of England, to which country he fled, with such 
of his vassals and family who remaincMl faitiiful to his caus(\ 
His estates were confiscated, and in some measure to com- 
pensate him, Henry granted him the manors of Dunham and 
Kirkton and other ])ossessions. Of those who accompanied 
hhn, Gautier de Danmiartin was later judge of a])])eals in 
England, and Odo was engaged upon the affaires of Henry 
in his French ])rovinces. Count Allx-ric had the following 
children by wife Mabilie. iiaunaud (Reginald) who was 
later Count of Boulogne in right of his wife, Simon, Count of 
Aumale and of Ponthieu, Kaoul who had a gift of lands in 
Normandy from King Philip Augustus of France, Alix who 
married Jean II, seigneur de Trie, and from whom descended 
the next counts of Dammartin, Agnes who married Guillaume 
de Fiennes, and Clemence who married Jactjues de Prische, 
fourth son of the chatelaine of St. Omer. Before leaving 
this family, the story of Renaud de Danmiartin is worth 
telling. He was born between 1165 and 1170, and was nearly 
the same age as Philip Augustus, who was his intimate during 
his bringing up at the Fi'ench court, and who knighted him 
with his own hand. Renaud was of fine physique, and possessed 
a brilliant intellect. In 1 ISfJ he joined his father in England, 
and soon became noted for his soldierly qualities. At Le Mans 
he defended one of the gates against Philip and his ally Prince 
Richard, who was soon to become King of England. Although 


but a youth ho was married, but becoming ambitious of es- 
pousing the thrice widowed Countess Ida of Boulogne, and 
replacing his lost ])atrimony with the more im]:)ortant terri- 
tory of Boulogn(\ of which Ida was sole mistress, he divorced 
his wife and made court to Ida. His advances were at one 
time favored, but soon Arnold de Ardes supplanted Renaud 
in Ida's estimation. Undaunted, Renaud caused the Countess 
to be seized and brought to his stronghold, where he courted 
her a second time and with so much success as to convince 
her it was best to marry with him, even while his rival was 
preparing her rescue. In 1191 Renaud and Ida did homage 
to the King of France for the County of Boulogne. He be- 
came concerned in the confederacy of the Count of Flanders, 
Otho, the German emperor, and King John of England against 
the King of France, was active in promoting the coalition, 
and fought at the decisive battle of Bouvines, where he was 
taken prisoner. He spent the remainder of his life in prison, 
where he died 21 April, 1227. His wife, Ida had died in 1216, 
aged 55 years. Simon de Dammartin, Count of Ponthieu 
in right of his wife, was of Renaud's party. He died in 1239. 
His daughter Jeanne married Fernando III, King of Castile, 
and became mother of Eleanor who married Edward I of 
England, who thus in her right became Count of Ponthieu.* 

After the battle of Bouvines, King John made his peace 
with Philip, and granted the English estates of Renaud, left in 
charge of Robert de Dammartin, to various persons, usually with 
the proviso that they were to hold until the king should 
grant them again to the heirs of the Count of Boulogne. (Close 
Rolls, 1216-42.) Shorn of their French estates, and no 
longer allied with hereditary petty sovereigns, the younger 
branches of the Dammartins fade from view. 

As late as the reign of Edward I, Hugh de Dammartin, a 

* Seize: Quartiers of the Kings and Queens of England, by G. W. Watson, 
in the Genealogist. 



son of ()(lo, held a lordship in Strumpshaw, and was master 
of the king's mint. He died without issue in ]2S0, and his 
sister, who was wife of Sir John Botetourt had livery of his 
lands. B}^ 1300, the line of Odo was represented only through 
female heirs, and it is entirely probable that the family in 
all its branches became extinct in the male line prior to the 
14th century, unless an Essex family bearing the name Daur- 
martin or d'Aumartin derive their origin from one of the 

As shown above, Agnes daughter of Alberic de Dammartin, 
second count of that name, was married to Guillaume de 
Fiennes. This Guillaume or William de Fiennes was son of 
Egidius de Fiennes, who married Sybilla de Tingry, and who 
was killed in 1190 at Aeon. William had livery of his mother's 
lands in 1207 and died prior to 1244, when his wddow Agnes 
had rights of dower in Martock. The Fiennes family held 
one of the castellaries, of which Tingry was another, which 
comprised the county of Boulogne. Some notice of the 
Fiennes family, from whom descended Lord Sa}^ and Sele, 
the patentee of New Haven, will be found in the chapter 
devoted to Faramus and the Counts of Boulogne. 

Clemence the wife of Alberic I, Count of Dammartin, was 
daughter of Renaud I, Count of Bar, and widow of Renaud III, 
Count of Clermont. Her mother was Gisela daughter of 
Gerard I, Count of Vaudemont, by Hedwig the heiress of Egi- 
sheim, daughter of Hugo IV, Duke of Alsace. Thus on her 
father's side she descended from Frederic, Count of Bar and 
Duke of Haute Lorraine, who died 980, and was son of Wigeric, 
Count Palentine of Aix-la-Chapell , from Hugues le Grande , Count 
of Paris, from Herman II, Duke of Souabe, and the Dukes of 
Burgandy. On her mother's side she descended from Eticho 
I, Duke of Alsace, who died 690, in two lines, one that of the 
Dukes of Lorraine, the other that of Alsace and Egisheim, She 
was a grand-neice of Pope Leo IX (died 1054). 


The dukes ;uul counts of these Im-ciicIi and (lei'iuaii stal(>s 
were sovereigns in all but the title ol" kinj^'. These princes 
wore so closely related hy niarriai!;e that once introduced to 
the family connection there is almost no end (o the raniilica- 
tionsof a line of anc(>sti'y, which, if followed out in all its details, 
would probably include (he greater portion of the families 
possessing the <!;r(>at (iefs which formed the emj)ir(> of Charle- 
magne, and aftei' his death (he, several kingdoms and duchies 
which in latter years gave use (o the (Jerman sovereignties 
and (h(» French kingdom. Sj^ace will no( j)erniit furtluM- 
introduction of these impoi'tant Tuk^s of ancestry, which, 
however, are available through the |»ublications of Conti- 
nental historians who have devoted much labor to (he eluci- 
dation and verificalion of tin; different pedigrees of ducal 


IMiaramus, Seigneur de Tingri, or as his name was mor(^ 
fro(iuenlly written, l^'aranms, was the greatest of the Hou- 
lonnais barons of th(> twelfth cen(ury,f and was so well known 
tha( when acting as a witness to im))or(ant documenls he 
a})j)ears simply by this name. Tingri was one of i he cast el la ries of 
Boulogne, and was (he pa(riniony of William a son of (ieotfrey 
son of r'usface, Count of Boulogne. The ]>aren(ag(> and 
ances(ry of IMiaranuis is es(ablished by his own une(|uivocal 
statements, and the testimony of cont(Mnpoi-an(>ous recoi-ds, 
including Domesday Hook and (he letleis of Anselm.;|; 

Ste[)hen, King of Pjigland, married Matilda, daughter and 
heiress of lOustace 111, Count of Bo\ilogne. Sh(> was thus 

* Stokvis: Maniuil, etc. (wiUi gcneal<igic':il tables of sovereigns, etc.,) 
vols. 2, ;i; Tahlvaux Gvnvalogiqucs dcs Soiivcrdins dr la France, etc., by 
Gamier, aiul similar works. 

t lioKiid: Studies in Fiujlish Peera(jc and FaniiUj Ilititorif. to wiiicli ami 
his article on I'arannis in the Ciene:ilogist , vol. 12, the author is largely 
indebted. .Xnschn's references lo the grandfatiier of l<'arainus are not 
mentioned by Dr. Hound. 

X The last mentioned references were furnished by Mr. C. H. drowning. 


cousin of Pharamus, who is spoken of in ancient records as 
"nepos" to the Queen, a description of his relationship 
which should b(> taken in the earlier and more classical mean- 
ing, rather than in its more modern restricted meaning of 
nephew. Nephew he was not, hut so close was his connec- 
tion with Stei)hen and his family, so highly valued were his 
services, and his character, that it is not strange that the 
early chronicles speak of him as nearer kin to the Queen than 
was actually the case. Mr. Round says that Pharanuis pos- 
sessed Tingry as early as ll.'JO, wliich was six years ])ri()r to 
Stephen's seizing the throne of England. Throughout 
Stephen's reign, Pharairuis was trusted implicitly by the king. 
In 1141, the year of Stephen's capture by the adherents of 
Matilda, mother of the youthful He-nry II, who was contesting 
his right to the throne, the charge and safety of Stephen's 
family was giv(>n to liim.* He was entrusted willi the charge 
of the castle of Dover. Upon tlu; accession of Henry II his 
possessions were confirmed to him, and he seems to have 
been regarded by Henry as well as by Stephen, as a man of 
great worth and high principles. 

In England, Pharanuis was usually styled de l^oulogne, 
and in France de Tiugri. Tiiere is a charter in the British 
Museum from Williani de Boulogne, of about ll.'iO, and bear- 
ing what was probably his seal. In the sanu^ collection is a 
charter from Faramust "son of William of Boulogne," and of 
about the same date, the witnesses to which are largely from 
the vicinity of Tingri. In lOngland Pharanms possessed 
Martock in Somerset, which passed to the Fi(nmes family, and 
also ('Otes in C-ambi'ldge wliich had been granted by the Count 
of Boulogne to either Williaiu de Boulogne or to his father. 
Although in 1 15(1 his ravages are ref(>rre(l to in the Pipe Roll, 
he retained the favor of Henry and in 1158 he appears as 

• Sym. Dun. II, 310. 

t PliariimuK was indebted t-o the Exchequer for £30 in 1130 (Rot. 
Pip. 31 H. I, p. 50.) 


entitled to £60 annually out of the royal dues from Wendover 
and Eton. Mr. Round says he held six fees in the honor of 
Boulogne. Pharanius was twice married. When in 1171 
he confirmed the tithes of Sombres to the Abbey of St. Josse. 
He introduces in the charter the phrase, ''cum Uxore Matilda 
et Sibilia filia niea .... et heredibus meis Ingerramo de 
Fienles et uxore ejus Sibilia filia niea." The Count of Bou- 
logne confirmed this gift as that of the "nobilis et venerandus 
Pharamus de Tingri." In the Cartulary of St. Josse is a 
reference to William, a son of Pharamus, who died without 

When William, Count of Boulogne, died, in 1159, leaving 
his sister, a nun, his next heir to the fief, it was Pharamus 
who obtained from the Pope a dispensation legalizing her 
marriage with Mathew, brother of the Count of Flanders, 
who had carried her off from the convent and married her in 
the face of excommunication, so enabling her to carry to hhn 
the countship of Boulogne, a solution of what j^romised to 
be a difficult situation. It was Ida, Countess of Boulogne, 
the eldest child of this union, who eventually married Renaud, 
Count of Dammartin. (See page 50). Pharamus was living 
in 1172 as that year he witnesses a charter of Count Mathew. 

The Counts of Boulogne figure as English lords from the 
time when, sometime towards the middle of the 11th century, 
Eustace II, ''aux Grenons,'' Count of Boulogne, married 
Goda the daughter of Aethelred and sister of Edward the 
Confessor. Their connection with England as great feudal 
lords was maintained for a century and a half. "Goda com- 
ittisa" is entered in Domesday as having lands in Sussex, 
Surrey, Dorset, Middlesex, Bucks, Gloucester, and Notts, 
but Mr. Round thinks that some of these entries related to 
the holdings of the Countess Goda, mother of Harold. Goda, 
wife of Eustace, had no children by him, but by her former 
husband Drogo, Count of the French Vexin, she had children. 


One of these was Walter, Count of Nantes, who has been 
called her husband. She died before 1056. Mr. Round sees 
no reason to think that Count FAistace obtained any of her 

Boulogne was one of the finest and richest fiefs of France. 
On the south it was bounded by Montreuil and Ponthieu, on 
the east by Artois. It was originally a part of Ponthieu. 
Helgaud I, Count of Ponthieu (died 864) established his son- 
in-law, Hernequin as Count of Boulogne. In the early part 
of the 11th century, Baldwin,* was Count. He died in 1033, 
when the county was reunited with Ponthieu until 1046, in 
which year Eustace I, son of Baldwin, was established as 
Count of Boulogne. He died in 1049. 

This Eustace married Matilda, daughter of Lambert, Count 
of Louvain (died 1015), son of Regnier III, Count of Hain- 
haut who was grandson of Regnier I, Count of Mons and Duke 
of Lorraine. Her mother, Gerberge, died in 1008, was daugh- 
ter of Charles, Duke of Lorraine by his wife Bonne, daughter 
of Godfrey "le Vieux," Count of Ardenne. Charles was de- 
prived of the throne of France by Hugh Capet. He was son 
of Louis IV, King of France, antl Gerberge, daughter of 
Henry I of Germany. 

Louis through his father, Charles III, was a direct descend- 
ant of Charlemagne, whose ancestry is traced to Arnould and 
Carloman, mayor of the palace in the sixth century, and 
through his mother Ogive, daughter of Edward, King of 
England, from Alfred the Great. 

Eustace died in 1049 and was succeeded by his son, Eustace 
II, who, after the death of Goda sister of Edward the Con- 
fessor, married Ida of Bouillon, daughter of Godfrey, Duke 
of Basse Lorraine, and by her had the three well-known sons, 
Eustace III, his successor, whose reign was brilliant, Godfrey 

* The Counts of Boulogne were a cadet branch of the great house of 
Flanders. See Recherches sur les premiers comtes de Boulogne, by M. 
Edm. Rigaux. 


(I). lOGO; (1. 1100) and Baldwin successively Kings of Jeru- 
salem. The achieveiiu^nts of this famous trio of Crusaders 
have ([uite eclipsed the care(Ms of tlieir younger brothers, 
the exist(Mice of which in view of the d(>('laration of I'haranuis 
and of contemporaneous documents, there can he no doubt. 
The historians of that- time, Hke the heralds of a hiter period, 
did not waste ink in nn'ording the names and posterity of 
youngcM' sons whose care(>rs had not added lustre to the (hical 
crown, or who wen^ so far removed from the succession as to 
be \irliially of no conseciueiice in tiie descent of the honors, 
and indeed wiiose very existence may have been unknown 
to them. 

The geiH^alogyof the lIous(> of Boulogne, as of many another 
illustrious family, in its minoi- lines is by no means complete. 

10ustac(^ II was well verses 1 in tlu* science of war as then 
pi-actic(Ml. Tie was a powerful and wealthy ])rince whose 
good will and alliance was essential to the cause of William 
the Norman. He had been exconununicated by Pope Leo at 
the famous Council of Uheims in 1049* at which princes and 
prelates were soundly (lisci])lin(>d, among others William of 
Normandy. 'VUc term used to describe Eustace's fault had 
a wid(M' ai)i)lication then than now, and the laws of the church 
regai'ding tlu^ d(^gr(H>s of relationship were strict and far reach- 
ing. 'Vhc details of the transgression by Count ICustace, in 
si)it(> of Mr. Freeman's diligent search, haw not been found 
of record. After this he married in DcHHMuber, 1057, Ida of 
Bouillon, daughter of Codfn\v, Duke of Basse Lorraine, and 
King h'idward the Conh^ssor appears to have grantcMl to her 
at least three lordships in Dorset, which she held in her own 
right at the time of the Domesday survey. 

The mai-riag(^ with Goda, widow of the Count of Nantes, 
led to a visit to the court of the l<]nglish king, and upon the 

* Tlie date of Eustace's marriage witli (K)ihi is nivou l>v lM;uu'li6 as 
1050. Mi.s fatlior dill not diountil 1049. 


rolun, fro,,, 01o„„.st,.r, ,l,.„,a„,l having )„.,.„ „,,,,„ „,„,„ |,|,„ 
cmz,.ns of Dov,.,- fo,. f,.,.„ ,|ua,t,.,.„ f,,,- |,i„ „,,,„ „„| ,„|.„„,„, 
th,m: u,o«,. a l„awl i„ which r„any w.,-,. kill,.,l o„ ho(h si,i,.s' 
Kn,-a».. l,yU,i« alfai,-,Ku»ta<« hasten,.! I.a.^k l,o Ih.- |.:„„|ish' 
k„,K a,„l ,l,.„,a„,l,,| v,.„K,.a„o,. „p„„ U„. l,ow„»„„.„ „f |w,- 
a lavo,- at .„,,,. K,a„tal by Ivlwani, who o,-,l,.,.,| fjodwi,,,.' 
m wl„,s„ l,a,|,lo,„ |,„v,.,- was, l,o p„„i„h Ih,. orf,.,„|,,,s This 
Go,lw„„. r,.f„.,.,| (,o ,,„ will,,,,,,, a t,ial of ||„. ;„„,„.,. i„v„Iv,.,l 
ami out ol ihis t,.st ,.as,. a,-os,. tl,„ ,.xil,. „f ,;„.|wi„„ a„,| hi.s 
sons J,u.sta,.. ,-,.|i,.,.,| ,„ l',„„|„^,no an,l in lor,;i gav,. asvinn, 
oVV.lha,,,, Count of Talon, ,.xil,.,| l.y |,„k,. U'illi,,,,, ' Tl„. 
follow,,,^ y,.„ 1„. su,.«.,,|,.,| to ,|„. lo,.,|sl,i,, of |„,,.s at th,. 
death of h,.s l)i„thcr [,anil„.,t. 

AllhouKh I,., alii..,] |„„«.|f wilh Willian, fo,- 1|„. invasion of 
■.i.Klan.l, l„. was oblij;,,] to su,t,.„,I,.,. ,„„. „r his ,so„s l„ Wil- 
ha„, as a hosta^,- of his koo,| faith. At ,l„. |,attl,. of ,S,.nla<- 
iiusta,-,. ,.s ,,.|,n,s,,„,„| as a,lvisi„K H,,. hugn,.,! rotn-at. Th,.' 
attitu.,. of l.,.,.,.n,an i„ ,|,.,,,|i„. with |.;„fitace is so ,„.,.i„,|i„.,| 
as o „. ,.o,n„.a|. Although |,is|,,„.ia„s K,.n,.,.allv ^iv',. littl,. 
credit to tl„. slo,.y, wl,i,.l, isof e,„n„a,.ativ,.|ylal,,,.,ll,at 
Wae,. was on,. „f „„. f,,,,, knights who .sl,.w tho wo„„.l,.,l 
Kn.K Ha,„ld, an,l although ,.v,.„ the stoi-y of how I,.. „„., |„„ 
d,.all, ,s vai-iously giv,.,, i„ tl„. ol,| el„.„ni,|,.s, n„t all agr,.,.- 
ing that he was stfuek .low,, l,y an a,.,„w, .M,-. |.V,.,.„,a,, has 

'"""";"^ f'-' ■■ '■'""" lOustaee as ll„. sea,„.„,at lo 

bea,. wl,at,.v,.,. ol,l„,|„y „nfrU,. attach il,s,.|f i., i|„. i„va.|,.,.s 

l->-ee>„a,, woul.l hav,. „s |„.|i„v,, |,e was ,l..voi,l of p,.,..sonal 
courage, Iho,,,-!, highly skill,.,l in tl„. .u-t of w,.,-, |'„t ye 
desmtos l,„„ as in ,l„. ,„,..,. .,f „„. hght, ,„„| .., ,„.,„. williL, 
in the c,..»,s as to,.„al,le hi,,, t„ „„,u„t Willian, ,„, his own 
charg,.,. when th,. fo,.„„.,.'s h,„.se ha,l ;„.,.„ .slain „,„|,„. hi,,, 
.V, too he ,.s ,.,.|„.,.,s,.ni,.,| ,„ „]„, willian, i„ , h, |,u,.,s„ii All,.,'- 
tl„. v„. ,.,y 1„. ,H,„.n,.,| ,., |i„n|, |,„i , ,,.„, ; 

w,tl, W,ll,a„,. When K,.„t ,. OS,. i„,.,.|„.|,i.,„,, gainst ,h,. harsh 


Bishop Odo in 1067, Count Eustace has called on for aid, which 
he promptly furnished, perhaps actuated by some vain hope 
if successful, of superceding William, going himself to the siege 
of Dover, 

The • expedition was a tragic failure, and Eustace and his 
men were repulsed from the assault and driven in matl flight 
to their ships, and William, a nephew of Eustace taken pris- 
oner. This break with William led to the forfeiture of his 
many grants of English lands, but soon after he was again on 
good terms with him and at the time of the Domesday 
survey held lordships in thirteen counties. These possessions 
are what constituted later the great Honor of Boulogne, some 
of the lands in which fief remained in the hands of descendants 
for several hundred years, though the Honor itself was for- 
feited soon after its establishment. 

In 1071, Eustace espoused the cause of Richilde and his 
son Baldwin, Count of Flanders, against Robert the Frisian, 
whom he defeated and captured, but only himself, a little later, 
to be in turn captured at the battle of Broqueroie. From 
this captivity he was ransomed by his brother Godfrey, Chan- 
cellor of France and Bishop of Paris, after which he made 
peace with Robert. In 1088, Odo, Bishop of Baieux, in- 
vaded Kent in behalf of his nc^phew Robert of Normandy. 
Count Eustace was sent with aid from Normandy, and was 
present at the siege and surrender of the castle of Rochester 
to Henry. This is the last notable enterprise in which he 
appears. Indeed there has been some doubt if it was the 
second or third Eustace who figured at Rochester, because 
the Countess Ida having taken the veil, upon the occasion 
of the restoration of the church of St. Vulmar near Boulogne, 
in 1082, is called 'Vidua."* The generally accepted date 
of Eustace II 's death is 1093, but this is considered 
a doubtful date, and it is said he had himself followed his 

* See L'.\rt de verifier les dates, vol. xii, p. 350. 

'AVH»S (X 1750- 



wilV.s ,.xa,,npl,. ,„„l (,,k,.„ ,|,r ,M„„..,s(i,. vow. Tl„., 

;;f;' t/f '"~'>- ''■''■'' «■« « i,., ,., i,„s,,„„i 

. -Irn ,,*Mn,l,.,,„I,lv,.,y|,,,,,,,.,K.|,,.,|,,, ,„, |„. ,■„,„,(,.„ 

'''■■'■;'"'"■'■ •"'"'•"'■ !"■' -'"" ''.lir,.,,,,. ,. • I,,,. |,„,_ 


""'■"<>"a,s(.Hil.of llml|„.no<|...u.<.on|.n.„,,lH> rslahlish- 
!':7'' '"*''" ''''•'^'' •"• '••'^- -^o".."!!...,. aflrr |(I!)l>. Ans.I,,, A.vl,- 
lHsho,>otCun(.rl>u,y. vvn>,. ,oI.:us,an 

al (iH' .nstancool Ins son (;,vy,vvl,o hn.l also lak.n n.onaslic' 
vows, thai (.v(>n (Ihh.oI, his wilr ha.l (ak.M, ihr vows an.l ho 
;'*""*' '^' "''"' '«' <'*>''l<l •><>< M.anT aoai,, .hnino- hrr hi.. an<l Ihnt 
lH> "'list, nUawuy (ho Hire h,.h..ul(al<,M).t (HI l-i. S'i ,, us 

vol. II.) I • • I . I 1.^ 

'''•■"';'"li>; ••"•""-■„( l:i Auk, !,,;(, |„,i,,,,„„,i,,,,,,„,. 

'"^l..•".,l. Ihm. ,„•,. ,„a„y l,.|(,.,s„r A„.s,.|,„ ( , „ „,, 

''>■ ' ■"'" '""•"•""'(,11 ill lli„„,. days f.,1- a i,ol,l,.i„an „i- 1 '..' 

"■ •■' ''■•■'"• '""<"• •■""! r.'unilv aii.l „„.. ••,vli.n„„s " 

•■'■"ll'vyjl..- son „r |.;„s(ac,.a.ll,i Ma. ,„ar,-i,..l (T„.,la',iKl,l,.l- 

; ' [''•>■ ■''• M^..i.l.'vill,.4 H» sh.nvn l.yil,,. f.,||„„.i„. „,„';., i„ 

lliiillcsday. ivspccliiif; .\lill„i„. i„ Sunvy, 

t (icollioydc Miindivillc ;, IoHowcm- „f Willi.,,., n ,^ 

s said to i.Mv.. t:uuM. hi^ n . . f , ' ,t ^^ ;:;:''7*;, "-"-' <-'>'i-'-oy 

Trcvionvs i„ (]„. H,-ssi„ Will .n •. .,1 i " . '"'• '•'"'"' "•'"'"' "*•"• 

H (liuigiiicr ol (JcolTn'v do M/iiidcviTl,- ...wl ; ' '""'^ ,"'',' '"'' *^"*" W!i« 

d(> !V]:in,l,>villc w;is sis<or nf A,, •."'*',■'!';• *'"' '"■^* wile „r ({....(Trev 

EudodcChapd ^"'"' '"'^^^ ''^ '^y^\n IJal.iub, .„„thor of 

0\1\ I IMSTOKV •>!■ TllK riTXAM FAMILY. 

"Tcni't \\'(>sni:m \ I liidas dt' (JoislVido tilidcoiuitis luislnchii. 
HaiU' tiMTani (Unlit v\ (ioisfridiis dc Mannovil cinii tilia sua." 
(uH)tYivy b(H'anu> a monk hotoro 109o. His son William, who 
was of Tingri and was the t'atluM- of Pharamus, was born 
probal>l\ about the timr o( tho sur\t">\ ( Hu' wilnoss to (his 
lino <^( dcs('cn[ is riiaranms himsi^lf. who in a chavtor contirm- 
iuii' a gift o( a hido of land in Halham. bi^longiui:; to C'lophani, 
to tlu> monastorvat Hoc, uses th(> following languago, a straight- 
t'orwaiil statomont oi his anct^strv. witnossod by his brothel^ 
l\ustaa> antl Simon: 

(^nmibus hdolibus occlosiao. lam pivsiUitibuKS quam futuris, 
Faranms tilius \Villt>lmi do Holonia . . . (\i;o ivi'oguosi'o et ex 
jiarto nu^a innu-odo donatiiniom t]uam anttu'osson^s nuM. scilicet 
(laulVidus tilius comitis luistaeii dc Holonia avus nuHis. et Wil- 
lelnuis de Bolonia, tilius ipsius, j)al(M- n\eus. feeenint (M'clesiae 
Santae >hu'iao Hoeci. scili^nU unam hidam in Hi^lghohom, quae 
pertin(>bat :u\ nuuuMium de Clophani . . . Hujns eoneessionis 
n\i>a(^ fuin'unt etuieessonvs tH testes frativs niei luistaeius et 
Simon. {Mon. Auij. vi, 1017.) 

This charter was confirmed by 

Svbilia de Tyngria rtlia Farami do Holonia, dinnina de 
Clopham . . . Noverit universitjis vestra uie . . conHrmasse . . . 
donationeni i^nani antecessores mei. fecerunt . . de una hida 
terre ... in Halgeham quae pertinabat ad u\antM-ium de Clop- 
hani. {Mon. A)uh VI. lOOS.) 

We have no knowhnlge oi \\\c i\:\u\c of the wife o'i William, 
8on of CeolTrey. but the charter above suppliers the nau\es of 
three sons, viz., Pharamus. Eustace, and Simon. We alsti know 
Willian\ was not living later than 1130. 

Upon the death of Tharanuis his lordship of Tingri and his 
English possessions ]>assed to his only surviving child Sybil, 
who before the death of her father had married Kngueram 
de Fiennes, or Fienles as the name was frequently written and 
a^ Pharan\us wrote it. 


Tlu' family of Ficnncs took their n;ini(> from the Castolhiry 
of that name in Boulogne. There are other reference's to 
Sybil as wife of lOguerram or l']<i,i(Hiis de I'^iennes.* 

In 1199, Sibilia de Thigera paid JOO marks to the King to 
have Martoc and Wendovei", and for license to marry whom- 
ever she j)1(vis(mI. (Rot. de Finihiis, Pn-face xxxir.) Her hus- 
band had joined the Crusad(> and was slain at Acre 1190. 
Their son William succ(>(>de(l to Alai'tock and had livery of 
his mother's inheritance 8 .lolin (1206-7). He married Agnes 
daughter of Alberic II, Count of Dannnartin,t and died IxTore 
1243, when his son Ingoram owed the king ten pounds on his 
relief. (Gaficon Rolls, 27-8 Ileniy 111.) In 1248 Sir Ingerarn 
Fiennes had livery of lands in Northampton and els(>where, 
and in 1205 is acknowledged as lord of Martock. 

Agnes, mother of Ingeram, in 1244 had administration of 
all the chattels and effects which Ingeram had in Martock 
and which were in the hands of the king's escheators. In 1257 
he was pardoned c(>rtain debts due to the king from his father 
William, and what he also owed for his own ndief. (Ro(. Clans. 
41 Henry.) 

Sir Ingeram had son and heir William, wlio died 1801, when 
his son John, his next heir, was aged 25 years, { Baldwyn, and 
a daughter who married Bartholomew de Hampden. 

Lipscombe {)resents a pedign^e of this family (vol. 2, p. 470), 
and states that their manor of Wend(n'(>r came l)y marriage 
with Syl)il, h{>ir(>ss of Pharamus, and that Ingelram (h^nguer- 
ram) de Ficuuies was constable of Dover and warden of the 
Cinque Ports, and one of tlie grantees of the forfeited posses- 
sions of Bishop Odo, and that his arms were Azure, three lions 
rampant, or. 

* For insfance, Abb. Plac. 7 Edw. I, p. 218. Rot. Litt. Cl.aus, etc., 
both bapti>sinal and surname are subject to many variations in spelling. 
t Milo: lienaitd de Dammartin. 
t Inq. p. m.. 30 Edw. I. 

cxlviii Hisroijv of thk ri tnam family. 

Tht^ IH'ili^nn^ st'Is f(>rth tlu> dt^sctMit from John I'itMiiu^s, 
luM-(Nlii;iry i'tuisiaMc oi Hoxcm' and wardtMi oi ilu* ('imiuo 
.1\h-1s. whoso son (M' dosctnulani Alan and his son .hunos and 
grandson John all h(dd this post. John, tho last nannnl, 
wju^ nMUovod by tin* kin^:;. HiMvas falluM" ot' InL!,\M-ani. lord 
of M irtotd<. in rii:;ht o( his wit\* Sybil do Tuv^^vx. 

It is through this linc^ that tho printed poilii;ro(> in "Afiuri- 
cans of I\o)/al /)(X<'<v//"' carrit^s thoaiu'ostry of John Tutnain to 
Louis 1\' of l-'ranoo. 'This p(\liii;roo is appiMuloil. and alsi> a 
g(MioaU>gii'al tablo showing tho dt^sciMil oi Louis 1\' frtMuCharlo- 
niagno. Alfnnl tho Ciroat, and UtMiry 1, of CnM'uiany. rc^spocl- 
ivoly o(>. ;>!. and o2 genorations roniovod from the pivsivut 
gen M-ation. 

1>KSCKNT OK John Pitnam fuom l^oiis l\' , Kim; ok 1'kvxck. 
(FfVtM .•lfH<'fi'ocTti.< <>/ /C<>i/<i/ DfsccDt, by C. H. lirowiiitiij.'* 

lAHHS n.. King of Framv. ./. Ool. had. by his witV. m. 9:^9. 
Ladv (Jorborga do Siixo. d. iViS. ilaughtor of llonry 1., tlu^ l-\nv- 
lor. Puko of 8i\«M\y, anil iMuporor of (>orinany. 91!^: 

CuAKiKs. l)v"Ki': ov Xkthkk T>i>Khv\ixK ANf) RuAHAxr. hoir 
to the throne of Franco, but oxcUulod; </. 09'J. Ho /». tirst. 
Bonne. Countess d'Ardorne. daughter of Rieuinus, LHiko of the 
Moselle, and had: 

Gkkhkkoa of UuAUANr. (^onntess of I.orraino. who ui. Lam- 
bert 1., Count i\c ^K>ns, and (\Mnit ile Louvaine, in right oi his 
wife, (/. UUo. son of Kainior. thirii Count of llainault, and luul: 

Mahaiit of LiUiVAiNF. who III. baistaee F. Si>\oroign Ct>unt 
of H.uilo>j:ne; (/. 1(U9. at\d hatF 

FrsrAOF IF. Sovoroign (,\>uut of l^iuilogno, Ardorno. oto. He 
aeeompaniod \Villiani of Xornumdy in his eonquest of l\ngland. 
and reeeivod grants of many English manors. (^Soe Froeman's 
Norman (.\>n(]uest." 1\'.. \'2\\ 711. ete.) He is ilepioted in the 
Bavonx Tapestry. He m. tirst. about U)ol)-l. rrineess Ciode. 
or Godoia. a widow, sister to Edward the Confessor of Euijland. 


("Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.") She d. 1051. Iln m. .scrondly, in 
December, lO.'}? (sec Clironidc ol" William of MalmcsUury), Ida, 
(laughter of (iodfrey IV. dc ijonillon, Duke „r |,„rr;iitic, <l. 1009. 
('ount Eustace took a moidc's vow, iind his wife became a nun 
and d. in a convent, l.'J August, I I I.']. He d. in 109 , having by 
Lady Ida, six children of record. (Sec Kllis's "Introduction to 
Domesday.") Of th(;se were the celebrated Crusiiders, Count 
Godfrey dc P,onillon, h. lOOO. and Count Baldwin de Boulogne, 
h. 100 , both Kings of Jerusalcin. and Coinil Kustace III., h. 
1059, wIhj was in the first Crusade with his brothers (Clironi(;le 
of Matthew of Paris), who m. the daughter of th(! King of the 
Scr)ts fsc(! the Chronicle; of Piern; de Langtoft), and was the 
father of the wife of Stephen de BhWs, "King of the Knglish." 
(See " L'Art de Verifier les Dates des Faits IIistorif|ues;" "Mon- 
umenta (Jermaniae Ilistorica;" "Manuel llistoire dc (icru-al- 
ogie ct Chronologie;" Anderson's " Koyal (icnealogies," etc., 
for above pedigree.) Another son of r^ount Kustace II. and 
Lady Ida, was 

Geoffrey de IJoulognk, h. about 1002. It has not b(;en 
found that he was a Crusader with his brotli(;rs, but about I09;j-4 
he was "in the odour of sanctity," being a monk, according to a 
letter by the then Archbishop of Canterbury, St. Anselm, to 
Count Eustace II. (Lady Ida also corresponded with the Arch- 
bishop.) At the instance of his son, "Geoft'rey, a monk at Hee" 
the Archbishop rebuked the Count ff)r bigamy. His wife, fieof- 
frey's mother, had become a nun, and tin; Count himself had 
taken a vow, but nevertheless had married again, Ir.r the third 
time. The Archbishop argued th;*t it was unlawful for him to 
marry in his wife's lifetime, although his wife was a nun. (See 
Letters of Archbishop Anselm, in Freeman's " VVilllnm Pufus.") 
This is a good proof that Eustace II., of Boulogne, had a son, 
"Goisfridus," or (ieoffrey, although he is not mentioned in 
"L'Art de Verifier," and like works. 

Geoffrey m. before the Domesday Survey, 1080-80, (as ap- 
pears in "Domesday Book," L, fo. 'M), under Aultone, Surrey, 
" D(! his hidis tenet Wesam VI. hidas de Goisfrido filio cr.niitis 
Eustachii, hane terram dedit ei Goisfridus de Maiuicvil cum 

cl msrou^ of thk i'utnam family. 

liliii sua;" soo K»miiu1's " Foiulal Kuji'laiul," j>. o.SO. and lOllis's 
** Doinosday "), a claui;htt'r, name unknown, ot" "lo Sire de 
Mauiiovilo." Cioollivy dc Mandeville, lord ol' Anltone, Snrrey, 
one of the heroes of Hastings, who was rewarded with 118 hu'd- 
shi[)s in l\n<2;hind, with his ehief seat at Wahh-n, in Essex, and 
was tl>e first Norman eonstahle of the Tower of London. (See 
Phinrlu>'s "The Coiujneror ami His Companions.") 

(iiH)ll'rey's son. 

WiLLi.vM OK liori.ocM:, (/. before 1130. (See " Monastieon 
Anglieanum," VI., t'o. 1017.) Wife's name uidcnown. His son 
and lieir was: 

" Kauamts i>k Bdi.oma i>e TiNH^iHY," in Boulogne, "nobilis et 
venerandus" h>rd of Martoek, Somersetshire, of AVendover, 
Bniks., of Cotes, CamUridgeshire. etc. There are numerous 
referenc(\s to this man and liis distinguislied aneestry, in eon- 
temiHirary charters and records. In a charter to St. Clary's 
Chureh. Bee Abhey, in \'imen\. 1171. it is related, "Faramus 
filins AViilelmi de B<>lonia <|nam anteeessores mei, seilii't (Janfri- 
dus tiiins eomitis Knstaehi de BoK)nia, avus mea, et AViliemus de 
Bolonia Hlius ipsins. pater mens, deeernnt ecelesia Sanetae 
Marias Beei-i." In a charter of King Stej>hen to Geotl'rey de 
Mamieville, first I'^arl of Essex, elated Christmas, 1141, he signed 
"Pharam," as a witness, with eight earls and a'bishop, and ac- 
cording to ,1. 11. Hound's "(IcolVrey de Mandeville," this was 
"Pharamus fitz William de Bt)ulogne, iicpos of the Queen," 
(but in this and following item, rather the second cousin than the 
nephew of grandson of Qneen Matilda). In this year, 1141, 
Faramns, cu" Pharanmnd. was in joint charge of the king's "fam- 
ilia," during iiis caj)tivity; " Kcxit antem fabiliam regis Stephani 
Willehnus d'lpre, Ikmuo Flendrensis, et Pharamus nepos reginae 
MatiUlis. et iste Boniuiicnsis." (Sym. Dun., 11., 310.) Phara- 
mond retained favor under Henry 11., and is frequently of record 
in the Pipe Roll, and received sixty poujids annually from the 
Royal dues in Wendover and Eaton. At this time he held six 
fees of the Inuior of Boulogne. He also inherited the marriage 
porticMi of his grandfather, in Surrey, and the manor of Carshal- 
ton, a contiscatetl estate of Earl (icoH'rev, grandson of the first 


GcoHrev dc; jMarulevillc. (Sec liniylv.y's "Surrey," IV., (io, and 
Collinson's "Somersetshire," III., 4, iis to his other liuids.) 
rharjunond had, by his wife, Matilda, iii . hcforc Il.",7, a son, 
William, who d. v. p., and a dauf^hter and heir(;ss, 

Sybilla J)K Boulognio I)I<: Tynouii:. She; m. In-iovc I 171, 
Enfijuerrand, or In^elram de P'ienles, or Fiennes, a lord in Bou- 
logne, who lost his life at Aeon, 1189. "Faramus de Jiolonia 
alias de Tynj^rie eum uxore Matilda et Sihilla filia mea, et here- 
dibus nieis Ingeranno de Fienles et uxore ejus Sibilia filia mea," 
(Bee Charter, 1 171 in Cart. St. Josse, I'o. 5, 20). Their son and 

WiLiJAM i)K FiKNKS, feudal lord of Martoek, Somerset, of 
whieh manor he ha<l livery, in 1207-8, on (|uit claim of his moth(!r 
(Rot. Clans. 8 John, i lie d. in 1240-1, havinfr issue by liis wife, 
whose name has not been preserved, Ingelram, his heir (\v\\(, liad 
livery of his father's estates in 1241, and was a knij^ht al Kver- 
sham, ami d. 12(;7, ancestor of fhc Lords Dacn; of the South, the 
Lords Saye and Sele, etc.), and 

A DAUGHTKK, name nnknovvn, who m. (see J.ipscoinbe's 
"Bucks," Edmondson's "Baronafjjium (J<!n(!alogi<-um," 4l2j, 
Bartholomew de Hampden, Bucks., who had by this niatcii c(m- 
tain lands in VVendover manor, Bucks., on which Pharamond, 
his wife's ancestor, was assessed a fine in 4 Ihm. TI., and which 
had been lier father's in 2 llvu. HI. Their son, 

Siu JIp:ginali> i>k IIami-dkn, d. 1220, had, by his wife, Agnes, 
daughter of Sir Ingram Burton: 

Sm Alkxandku dic IIami'dkn, fiigh sIxM-iff of Bucks, and Bed. 
ford, 1249 and 1200, d. 1202. He m. Marian, daughter of Sir 
Bryan Herdby, and had: 

Sm Rkginai.i) dk Hami'dkm, d. 1882, wfio m. Nichola,.daugh- 
ter of John de Grenville, of VVotton, and had: 

Snt JojiN DE Hampden, a knight of the shire, 1800-02, high 
sheriff of Bucks, and Bedford, 1800, d. 1875. He m. Joan, 
daughter of Sir J'hilip d'Alesbury, an(i ha<l: 

Sir Edmund de Hampden, a knight of tin; shire, 18!M), high 
sheriff of Bucks, and Bedford, 1890, d. 1 12f). lb- m. Joan, daugh- 
ter of Sir Robert Belknap, and liafi: 


SiK .lonN DK IIampdkx, a knioht of the shire, 1420 and 1430, 
hioli sluM-iir of Bucks, and Bedford, 1450, d. 1450. He m. Eliza- 
beth, ihiutihter of Sir John de Walesburv, in Cornwall, and had 
a daughter: 

An'nk dk n.\Mri)E\, who m. William de Puttenhani, of Sher- 
fic^ld, Penn, Wahletou, liOno- Marston, etc., in Co. Sohants., 
Bucks., and Herts.. (',. 1402. Tlu-ir third .son, 

NicHOL.\s Putnam, of Penn, Bucks., who was named in his 
father's will, and in the Bucks "Visitations," (see Eben Putnam's 
"Putnam Family," and references therein). He had, by his 
wife, whose name has not been preserved: John, named in the 
Herald's Visitation Pedi<.';ree and 

Henry Putnam (of Kddlesborough, 152(),) named in the will 
of his brother, in 1520. He probably <licd intestate, having 
issue, by his wife, name unknown: 

RiniARO Putnam, who removed from Kddlesborouoh to 
Woughton ; will dated in 155(). He ///. Joan, surname unknown, 
and had: 

John Putnam, of Kowsham, in Wingrave, Bucks., where he 
was buried. 2 October, 157.5. He iiad, by his wife, name un- 
known : 

Nicholas Putnam, named in his father's will, who d. in Stew- 
keley, will proved 27 September, 1598. He wri. at Wingrave, 
30 January, 1577, Margaret, daughter of John and Elizabeth 
Goodspeed, and had: 

John Putnam, hapt. at Wingrave, Bucks., 17 January, 1579- 
80, who came from Aston Abbotts, Bucks, (where his children 
were baptized, 1012-1027), to New England, and d. at Salem, 
Mass., 30 December, 1002. 


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John Putnam,* llic louridcr ol" Ww. Siil<Mii riunily, was 
file soil of Niclioliis and Mar<rar(d ((i()()(l,s[)c,(!(l) Putiiaiii, 
and wa.s haplizcd 1 7 .larmarv 1 r)7;)/8() at Wiii<j^rav(', Iiii(d<- 
in•i■|laln.slliI•(^ in wliicli parish li<^ was undoufttcdlv horn. 
His father, Nicholas, had inh(U-it('<l I'roin his voun^cr hrolhcr 
Richard, an cslalc in lands in \\'in<ira\(' fxMincathcd him l)y 
tiuiir lather John Pntnarn (sec pa^^cs Ixxiii, Ixxiv). No 
record of the transfer of this {jropcrl y hy Nicholas has been 
found, yel at the latlci-'s dealh in I."»i>7, \\v, then hein^ of 
Ste\vl<l(!y, tJM^re is no lucuition ol" the Wiri<^i'av(; |)i-operty. 
Nicholas, howevei', /jfave to his son Johti his hoiisi-sand lands 
in Aston Abbotts, of which we have found no r(!(M)rd as t,o 
liow he became j)osscssed. The Putnam farm was |)r()l)ably 
in Hurstotie, a locality adjoinin<r Rowsham in Winj^rave. 
John [)rol)ably lived in St<'wkley with his parents until his 
fath(!r's d(!ath, and then Ixdnjij of a<j^(s capabh; to condu<t a 
fai'in, H(M!ms to have taken possession of tlu^ property ^i\(;n 
him by hisfatluM- and to have continued in possession, occupy- 
ing himscdf with its cai'c, until his mi^i^ration to New Kng- 
land. In HI II, when his nam<' ap|)(!ai"s on his mother's 
marriage lieciuse as one, of t,he sun^ties, he is desttribed as 
liusbandman. No fui'thei' nnintion isfound of him in IOn«(land, 
cxc(^pt upon the occasions of th(^ baptism of his children, who 
W(!re baptized at, Aston AI)bott,s. Who his wif(! was can only 
be conj(!(;tur(!d, but tluire is good r(!as<;n to belicv(! she was 
Priscilla I)(;acon, of the family of that name of Corner Hall, 

* l<"or .loliii I'litriarii'.s hapt.i.srriiil roconi, hcc page ix.xvi, and for- his an- 
ccHlry, pp. Kxv, Ixxiii, Kxi, I'cvii, Iv, liv, liii, xxxiii. 


U MisroKv (>!' riiK ri i\ am ivmu.v. 

ill ll(M\u'l 1 h>nips(("!nl. riit- iifiiis ol' I>(>:it-(iiM)t' 1 lrim>l Ilcmp- 
sti':iil \viMt\ .1 vht'i'mii frcil/isst'' ht'firct')/ f/ircc roses. ('r*\st : (t 
(it'll! i ('(((/!('. Phis tiiinih li:is been of consiiU'rabU^ note in 
llor(ri)i\ishir(\ tlriiviiiix *lt'si"iMit iVoin Kicliiud Oi'arcMi of 
\N' \ luliniii'o. llorls., \vlh> d\cd 1 l;M".. :iiul w ln>so throo sims 
>v<Mo in llu' st>r\ irt> ol tlii> (, ri>\vii. ilu" I'MtM' sis ScH'ictnrv to 
Mli/.!»lH»lh ot" \"orU. consort to lliMifv \'ll, :uul tho otlior t\\ t) 
in tlu> niilitar\ s»>r\ ic*'. PluMr imclt' Mit'li:u>l wsis Uisliop of 
St. Asaph. John Putnam was prrhaps niani<Hl in 1(>11 or 
hill*. VUc Miarriai^i^ riH-i>i\ls I'or tliis ihmmihI aii^ uussin^' from 
(h(> \V ini:iav»> i(>i;isttM-, and th«' r(>uisttM- \'ov \\c\\\c\ IKMupstt^aci 
is U)st.. 

tlu- PoaoKU FniiiUv, 

\ In Hn^v"^ (•_',') Nov.), /aoi'lious ({oulil i>f l\>pslioUi tiopult\l ",li'hn 
Piitnnni ol" SaliMii, tho youn^or, liis i*onsin" io ho his nttornoy. 
(Kiottw Court lirconi^, iv, l(>iK) In an ju'i'ount hi>ok of .lohu 
Cu>nUl, grandson of Zaoohons, horn 1(U>2, diod \l'2i, is found mji 
ontrv hy hin\ as folUnvs, "iJrandfathor (u'tuKl Uvod in Uuokino;- 
l»ainshiro. and (.ivanilfiWlior Hoaoon in Hortfoiilshiro, in lltMup- 
stoad town in C'oinor Hall." In this sanio hook aro loforoni'os to 
John rntnani, a i'onton\|'oraiy, aUiulod to as "oonsin." JoriMuy 
liouUi, a hiothor of Zaohons, had wife (riiscilhx lu-ovor and was 



liviiifj; ill AhIom Ahltots in HJ.'JI, hut, wjih in Kliodc ImIjiikI in H'dSH. 
An<)t,li(!r IiioMmt of ZiicIhmih (Joiild w«h .lolin, who hvid in I'.ov- 
in^ton, !Ui(l hiul ii (huif^htcr I'liHiilhi ( who iri:iri icd u (Jrovcr ;in(i 
li:i(i in turn :i (hiii^ n)iiii<-(l iil't,*-!' Ii)r\) :inil :iIho:i ncici- i'liHcillii 
Wiirc. Nt'iUKM" of IlKiHr wi'H* of Hiiit.ihh; M|4r to hiivr- mMiiicd 
with John rutriani. (<SVf' IVutrr'H (jUcdniiKj', ikiiji' IOIU.) lioth 
John I*Mt,n;irn und ZiichfUH (Jonid niinnd (hin<fht«MH 'M'hoi hi- '' 
(JoiiHin w;iH the Icnn in ns<! in I he «',!irly |»;irl, of l,h<! I7t,h century 
to in(li(;:itc ix-phcw, ;tnd nn th(-r(; ;i|)pciirH no opportunity foi' u 
I'lilnsiin (Joidd rnnrriMjjjc cithi-r way, t,hi- only ;difrn;it,iv<! iH f,o 
adopt, l,h(; Hn|^;^<-Hl/ion t,h:d .lohn I'ut.iiiirn ;ind /;ichcnH <>oid<l liad 
married HiHtcrH. ( iSt'c /xi'/c '/^', (Ji'iicnlot/irnl /{nl/cfin for IU(f'{.) 
A«'cordin<i, to I'lof. < .onld, IMn hi-, wife of Z:Hch<'ii ( ion Id, w:ih a 
<lan;^lit,(-r of I'honiaH and M:irl ha I >eacon of ( 'orncr ll:dl. I h<>ni;iH 
Deacon iH Hiiid t,o have heen tiorn iihont I.^HT).* TlioinnH Dejieon 
of ("oiMcr IImII w!ih t,lie fntlierof 'IhoinjiH, hoiri in JliO'J, who waH 
It. A. Oxford, 1027, and j^r:indf;d,her of l.t,. ('ol. IhoniaH l)ea<;on, 
the I*arlianieid,ary Holdier. It, iH [)rol):il)le tJiiit the 'I'Iioumih Deaeon 
of Corner Ilnll. ealUMi j^nindfatlM-r hy.lohn <ionld, w:ih liorn Koniir 
yearn prior to irtHT). Hovin^ion the lionie of the (iouIdH and of tlur 
l)ea<!onH in part of HempHtead, and iH hut eifiht mileH from Trinf^. 
It in an int,ere,Htiri^ (!oiiieiile,n(!«! that kiehaid Dejieon, tin- QiKien'H 
8(!cretiiry, pnr(;hiiHed tin- two (rhief imuiorH in Slewkjev, ll;ir h and 
Littlocot.e, ill ir»o:>, whieli in l;)2l he j^mvc hy will to hi Hon 
l{,i(;h!ird who waw of Marslon Morteyn, i'.i-ds., an I dieij ir>t.'>. 

'I'li(;i"(! is ail «;ritry in Lecliloid'H \ol<', P.ook under date of 
of 12 27 WV.W) (22 Feb., IG^O, our i<'(;l<oiiiiiL' ) , "I'or draw- 

* '\'\\rit\\\i\i tin- courtesy ef Mr. I'idwiud liciicfui wlm Iiiik |iiil>li>lie(| in 
a work eiil.ll.led "I lie J )eK(;i'iit- of lln' I'liriiily of !><-ji<'i.|i of I'IImIhw'' iinct 
l.otK'on," Mil cxIeiiKivi' e.ollcelJoii iidkIc liy liliti r<(;iu dhif; ilie Immcohh, 
tlie will of 'liioiiiMs llcficon of l>o\ liitcoin, ||cimh., yeoiriiin, luih Iim-ii ex- 
aiiiiiM-d I lie ieHl,al,oi (liree.t.N ihal, IiIh Ixxly Ix' hinicd in t lie ejiiii cln nift 
ftt, Itovlti^toii, and iiiiil<eH n Hinall l)ei|iieHt l.o Ilic pour. II< iiiiiiieM liiH t.liree 
«l!iii{^lil,crH, Aw dry, Marfriirel., mid Marie, and IiIh ~<)i k Kiijiri mid 'J Ikhijiih 
hol.ii of wlioiii w<-re iiiiiiorK. 'i'o Hoiilii-law .lolni Kv\er'rs eliil(ir<"ii, W illimn 
and Ann, mat after le^^iKrieH to William rarrd,, I'rmurlH Axi.ell, .lolin 
Keijiler and Ihairy Sl.yie, ri-HKliie l-o wife .loiin, wlio her l)r<)l,lier 
Itieiiiird /Mlcii me nuidi' exeeiil.oiM ll<-nry Maync and Joliii (ioiild lo Ix; 
ovdHf-erK WirnesHeH, 'IlionKiM llidlmn, ItaplK- I'.nllocls. Jolin lieiieon, 
TlioinaH Kleldi! and oMuth. Dated I .lime, 1582, proved, Arch. llanlH. 
20 June. 1582. 


int; Articles for Mr. (Jradocke & Gould and Putnam (Os.)" 
Just wliat these articles related to is not revealed, but the 
roferon(;e is either to John Putnam or his eldest son Thomas. 
It was in UHO that flohn Putnam settled in Salem. 'I'here 
is IK) record of his having been in any other part of New 
Kiiiiland prior to his a{)})carance in Salem. His son Thomas 
tirst settled in Ljnn,aiid his coming is thought to have pre- 
ceded his father's. In 1 ()8r)/(), Nathaniel Putnam deposed 
that he was aged sixty-five years and had lived in Salem for 
forty-six years, and his brother John made a like state- 
ment, giving his age as tift} -eight years and his residence in 
Salem as about forty-five years (Ipswich records, Deeds, vol. 
5, 27,')), both of which statements agree with the date 1640 
as that of the coining of their father. As it is not likely 
that the removal was ellected in the winter season, either 
,)ohn anivcd in the preceding year or else his son Thomas 
is the person referred to by Lcchford. 'i'here is no authority 
for the date UJ.'U, sometinuvs given as that of the arrival of 
.lohn Putnam, other than family tradition, probably origi- 
nating with Deacon Edward Putnam who left a brief gene- 
alogy of the family compiled in 17H.'>. In this sanui n^cord 
is found the following account of the death of John Putnam, 
"He ate his sui)per, went to prayer with his family and died 
before he went to sleep." 

(irants of land, were made by the town of Salem to John 
Putnam and to his sons on their own account. The first 
irrant is not of record, and the land so wanted Mas not 
occupied by him. The earliest recorded gmnt, which was 
that on which he established his homestead, was 100 acres, 
on the 20-11 mo., 1640, or January, 1641 new style. 

At a meeting- the 20tli of the 11th month (1040), there being present, 
.Mr. Endecott, Mr. llathorne. John Woodbury, .lettVy Massy, the select- 
men, there "vvas "(iraunted to John Putnam one hundred acres of land at 
the head of Mr. Skelton's Farme between it and Elias Stilemen the elder 
his Farme, if there be an hundred acres of it. And it is in exchange of 


one liiiiidred Jicres w""'' was grauntcd to the said John Putnam formerly 
& if it fall out that there be not such there then to bo made up neere 
Lieutenant Davenport's hill, to be layd out by the towne. And tenne acres 
of meadow in the meadow called the pine meadow if it be not there 
formerly j^raunted to others." There was also "Graunted Fiftie acres of 
land unto Thomas Putnam and Five acres of meadow both to be layed 
out, by the towne." 

At a meetiuf? of the selectmen, 17-3 mo., Ifi.l'i, "There beinj; formerlie 
fjraunted unto John Putnam Sen' 50 acres of land and complaint beiuf^ 
made that the said land laid out to liini is not soe much it is ordered that 
the layers out of the land shall make up what the said laud shall want of 
his f^rant in land lyinj; between his sonne Nathanaells land and Richard 

At a meetiu}^ of tin; selectmen, L'd-'Jmo., 1(!19, there was "Graunted to 
Nathaiiacl Putnam I'"irti(; acres of land lyinfj beyond Klias Stileman Farme 
boundinji,upon Mr. TlK)rndicke & soc; uj>on Ca|)taine Iluthoi ries Farmes." 

At a inecttinj^of tlu; selectmen, 2G-P!mo., H;r»4/5, there was "Granted to 
John Putnam Jun' .'.0 acres of ujiland neare adioynin^ to the Farmes of 
L'aptayne llathorne John Itucke and William Nicols, beiuf; in exclian}^ of 
the '.'>(} acies he should have had at the end of Captaine llathorne 
his Farme," and the same day it was "Ordered that wlicras there is a 
small portion of rockic land adioyninf^ unto the farm latelie in the posses- 
sion of (.'aptaine llathorne but now possest by John Putnam Sen' Richard 
Hnchisson iJaniell Ray and John llathorne upon the refpiest of the said 
parties the said Rockie land is j^raunted unto them upon consideration of 
the snmme of twentie shillings." 

Ill (I<M!(ls John Putnuin is (l«;.s(;ribc(l a.s botli liusbandMian 
iiiid y(!()iiiHii. IIo was a man of substance and pi'obably of 
as iiiucl) education as his cont(!ni|)orarics, l)ut neither sc(;k- 
ing or d(!siring f)ublic ofli(;c. In 1()5H he divided his lands 
betwe(;n his sons Tlionias and Nathaniel, having evidently 
alr(!ady granted his hoiu<!stead to his younger son John. 

From th(! Sahiin (Miurch liecords we find that Priscilla 
wife of John Putnam was admitted a member of that chui<;h 
21-1 mo., 1(141, that ho was admitted 4— 2 mo., H)47, and 
his daughter lOli/a in \^\4'^. 

I'hero is no record ot the d(;ath of his wife, nor settlement 
of either her or his estate. John Putnam died 80-10 mo., 
1(502. (Sainn Records.) 


At a general town meeting held the 7th day of the 5th 
month 1644 it was ordered "that twoe be appointed every 
Lords day to walke forth in the time of Gods worshippe, to 
take notice of such as either lye about the meeting house 
without attending to the word or ordinances, or that lye at 
home or in the fields, without giving good account thereof, 
and to take the names of such persons & to present them to 
the Magistrate, whereby they may be accordingly proceeded 

John Putnam and John Hathorne were appointed for the 
ninth day. The others were Stileman, Verin, Batter, Down- 
ing, Molton, Ingersoll, Pettingall, Porter, Barney, Johnson, 
Clark, Haynes, Hutchinson, Bishoj) and Ray, all men of 
prominence and to whom a perusal of the records shows that 
the town people looked with respect. 

Children of John and Priscilla Putnam, baptized* at Aston 
Abbotts, Bucks. : 

2 Elizabeth, bapt. 20 Dec, 1612; "Eliza Putnam" admitted to the 

churcli at Salem, 1643. 

3 Thomas, bapt. 7 March, 1614/5; died in Salem Village, 5 May, 1686. 

4 John, bapt. 24 July, 1617; buried at Aston Abbotts, 5 Nov., 1620. 

5 Nathaniki,, bapt. 11 Oct., 1619 ; died in Salem Village, 23 July, 1700, 

aet. "about 79 or 80." {Danvers church records.) 

6 Sara, bapt. 7 March, 1622/3. 

7 Phokbe, bapt. 28 July, 1624. 

8 John, bapt. 27 May, 1627; died at Salem Village, 7 April, 1710. 

* Baptismal register, Aston Abbotts. 


II. 3 Lieutenant Thomas (Jo/m), eldest son of John 
and Priscilla Putnam, baptized at Aston Abbotts, Co. Bucks., 
England, 7 Mch., 1614-5; died at Salem Village, 5 May, 
1G86 ; married, first, at Lynn, Mass., 17"', ^ mo., 1643, Ann, 
daughter of Edward'^ and Prudence (Stockton) Ilolyoke. 
The Holyoke family were one of the most prominent and aris- 
tocratic families in the colony. Mrs. Ann (Holyoke) Putnam 
died 1 Sept., 1665 (1"', 7 mo., 1665). 

Lt. Thomas married, second, at Salem, 14*^'', 9 mo., 1666, 
Mary Veren widow of Nathaniel Veren a rich merchant 
formerly of Salem. Mrs. Mary (Veren) Putnam died 16 
(or 17"') Mch., 1694-5. In 1684, Mrs. Putnam in the ap- 
portionment of seats in the meeting house at the Village was 
seated in the first, or principal pew reserved for women. 

Children of Thomas and Ann Putnam. With the excep- 
tion of their daughter Sarah, the births of the children are 
recorded at Salem : 

B Ann, b. 25-fi-1645; m. William Trask. 

10 Sarah, bapt. 1'*' Ch. Salem, 23-5 mo.-1648 ; not mentioned in her 

father's will. 

1 1 Mary, b. 17-8-1G49 ; bapt. l-*' Ch. Salem, 19-3-lfi50 ; not mentioned 

in her father's will. 

12 Thomas, b. 12-1-1652; bapt. P' Ch. Salem, 10-2-1652. 

13 Edward, b. 4-5-1654; bapt. 1"' Ch. Salem, 9-5-1654. 

14 Deliverance, b. 5-7-1656; bapt. 1«« Ch. Salem, 10-3-1657 ; m. Jou« 


15 Elizabeth, b. 30-6-1659 ; m. Joshua, sou of John and Eleanor (Em- 

ery) Bayley, b. in Newbury, 17 Feb., 1653; will proved 6 Aug., 
1722 ; a brother of Rev. James Bayley who m. Mary Carr, sister 
of Mrs. Ann Putnam (12). Josliua Bayley left no children and 

3 Great grand latlicr of K<twa,rd Holyoke, President Harvard College 17.'i7-1769. For 
Holyoke Gen. nee Vol. in, Kssex Inst. HiBt. Coll. 



after his wife's death his property fell to her nephews and 
nieces, viz.. Susanna Putnam, Timothy Putnam, and Experience, 
widow of David Bayley. 

16 Pkudknck, 1). 28-12-lt)Gl-2; bapt. 1^< Oh. Salem, 2!)-4-16(;2; m. 

William Wymau. 

Child of Thomas and Mary Putnam : 

17 Joseph, b. 14 Sept., 16(>9; bapt. 4 Sept., 1(>70. 

Thomas Putnam, Sen., was an inhabitant of Lynn in 
l(i40 ; freeman 1(>42 ; one of the seven men (selectmen) of 
Lynn in ItUo ; admitted to the church in Salem, 8 Apr., 1()43. 

The town of Salem granted to him, 2()-ll-l()40, "iiftj acres 
[of upland] and five acres of meddow." This was at the 
same time that his father received a ormit of one hundred 
acres from the town ("in exchange of one-hundred acres for- 
merly granted to him"). 

In 1645 the General Court passed the following order : "JSP 
Thomas Layghton, Edward Burcham, cVc Thomas Puttman 
are appointed by this Cou'te to end smale causes fo'y^'towne 
of Lynne for y' yeere ensewing'' 18 June, 1645. This com- 
mission was renewed the 20 May, 1648, "to end smale cawses, 
vnde'" twenty shillings." 

IP'', [) mo., 1648, he was "Chosen for Gran-Juryman'' in 
Salem, and 10-10-1 655 was chosen constable of Salem in place 
of Mr. William Browne. The office of constable at that date 
carried great authority and covered the entire local adminis- 
tration of atfairs. 

He was also the first parish clerk at Salem Village and was 
prominent in the local military and ecclesiastical, as well as 
town ati'airs. 

Thomas Putnam wrote a very fine hand and had evidently 
received a good education, as had liis brothers. Li 1679 he 
gives to the Kev. James Bayley, ui)on his retirement from the 
ministry at Salem Village, three acres of meadow. During 
the long dispute over Bayley at the Village, Thomas and John 
seem to have supported Bayle^s wdiile Nathaniel was in oppo- 

\ 3 
> -. 


m 33 

o > 

o rn 

Z r 


Thomas Putnam during a number of years held, besides 
the offices above mentioned, the various positions of "Layer 
out of highways," "Inspector of bridges," " to care for rates 
for the minister," etc. On the 29"' day, 11 mo., 1658, 
"Jefferey iMassey, Thomas Putname, Nath' Putname and 
Joseph Hutchensen are Impowered, or any three of them, to 
joyne with Topsfiehl nbout the Runninge & setlenge & full 
endinge of our sixe mile line in the extent of it in so many 
places as they shall see meet, for a full conclusion of the 
worke." Oct. 8, 1662, the General Court confii-ms his ap- 
pointment as Lieutenant in the troop of horse. 

When on the 8"' Oct., 1672, the General Court permitted 
the iiihabitants of Salem Farms to become a separate parish, 
Lt. Thomas Putnam was made chairman of the committee 
chosen to carry on the affairs of the [)arish (1 1 Nov., 1672), 
and on 25 Nov., 1680, it was voted "that Lt. Thomas Put- 
nam and Jonathan VVolcott supply the place of deacons for 
year ensueing ; " they w^ere continued in office 27 Dec, 1681. 

The above is the first mention of deacons in the Village 

Tn 1682 occurs the first list of tax-payers at the Village. 
There are ninety-four names on this list. The twelve largest 
amounts are here given set against the names of the persons 
paying them, also all of the family taxed in that year. 

1 Lt. Thomas Putnam 

2 Nathaniel Putnam 

3 Thomas ffuller, son. 

4 Lt. John Putnam 

5 Joshua Ilea 
G Joseph Ilutchinsou 

7 Joseph Porter 

8 Daniel Andrew 

9 Thomas Flint 

10 William Sibley 

11 Job Swinnerton, jr. 

Mil the Secretary's odice at the Stiitc Houwe are many documentB relating to tlic 
religious diBtuihances at the Village. These show very plainly the attitude of the 
Putnams during that exciting jjeriod. 

































12 John Buxton 



2a Thomas Putnam, jr. 



23 John I'utuam, jr. 



Edward Putnam 



Jonatlian I'ntuain 



It will l>t' seen iVoni the aUove that ihtUliroe, Piitnaiu hroth- 
er.s and their sous-iii-law wore h}^ far the wealthiest in the 
"Village" or "Farms." Besuh's inheriting a double portion 
of his father's estate^ Thomas Putnam by his marriage with 
widow Maiy Veren came into })ossession of considerable 
proijert}' in Jamaica and Barhadoes. The homesteail of Thom- 
as although much enlarged is still .standing and is now known 
as the 'Gen. Isratd Putnam house." This house is situated a 
little of Hathorne's Hill in the nortluun part of Danvcrs, 
not far tVom the Asylum, and was occupied by his widow in 
lt)i)2. Here also his son Josei)h lived during his op])osition 
to the witchcraft proceedings. 

There was also a town residence in Salem situated on the 
north silk) of Essex street extending back to North Kiver, 
its front on Essex street end)raced the western })art of the 
grounds now occupied by the Xorth Church'and extended to 
a point beyond the head of Cambridge street. 

hi his will dated, 8 Feb., 1()82, and ])roved at Bost(m, 8 
July, lt)8ti, he gives the eastern half of the above estate to 
his son Thomas, the western half to his son Joseph ; another 
estate on the western side of St. Peter's street, to the north 
of Federal, he gives to Edward.'' To each of his children he 
ffives a lariie estate in Salem Village and a valuable piece of 
meadow land. To a faithful servant Joseph Stacey, he gives 
eleven acres. 

The children b} his first wife attempted, unsuccessfull^s to 

' U was usual amoug many New Knglaud families tor Uib oldest sou to have a 
double jiovtiou; this becauie a law aud coutinued iu force uutil (juitc recent times. 

« The llou. Al)uer 0. Goodell, jr., now owns aud oceupiesapartof this estate. Neai 
herewasalsotliejad wliei-eiu were couHue Itlie ooudeuiiied duriug- tiie exciteuieut ot 


break this will, claiming that undue intiuence was used to ob- 
tain for Joseph more than his share of the estate. 

Mr. Upham in his Salem Witchcraft thus sums up the 
character and position of Thomas Putnam in contrast with 
his brothers "Possessing a large property by inheritance, he 
was not quite so active in increasing it, but enjoying the so- 
ciety and friendship of the leading men lived a more retired 
life. At the same time he was always ready to serve the 
community when called for as he often was, when occasion 
arose for the aid of his superior intelligence and personal in- 
fluence," also in writing about the settlement of the "Farms" 
he says, "The Putnams followed up Beaver Brook to Beaver 
Dam, and spread out toward the north and west." 

The will of Thomas Putnam is here given in full. 

Know all men by these p'sents, That I Thomas Putnam 
Sen^'of Salem, being Ancient & seneible of the declining of 
old age, & weakness & sumptoms of mortality daily atend- 
ing upon me, but being of sound mind & memory blessed 
be God, doe make this my last will & testament, this 8"' 
day of febrnary Ann" Dom. 168| as IbUoweth 
Imp'' I give my soule into the hands of Jesus Christ in whome 
I hope to live forever, and my body to the earth. In hope of 
a Glorious resurection with him when this vild body shalhe 
made like unto his Glorious body and for the estate God 
hath given me, in this world, (my debts being paid), I dis- 
pose of as followeth. 
It. I give & bequeath to my son Thomas putnam & to his 
hears & assigues the dwelling house he now lives in, with 
the Barne & oarchards, with all the land belonging tliere to 
containing by estimation, one hundred & fifty acres, be it 
more or lesse, according as it lyes bounded, as is heareafter 
exsprest, viz : from Hathorns medow as the water runs out 
of the medow, till it comes into Ipswich River, then from 
the bound by the river to the end of the Hand, to the great 
black oak betwixt my Cozen John Putnams land & mine, 
from thence to Cromwells bound tree, & from thence to 
a walnut tree & a litle red oak where lyes a heape of 


stones, tlio troos being fulen down, which is alsoe the 
bounds betwixt Josliiui Rons land & this land, & from 
thence to Kens bounds, that is a red oake where lyes stones : 
A; from thence to another heape of stones, & from thence 
to the fence at llathorns medow, where is a tree nuirked 
by the fence, ^^ from thence with or along by the fence, 
all the upland v\c swamp, till it comes to the place where 
the water comes out of the meddow, And from thence my 
Spong of medow on the other side the brooke, & the up- 
land on Jonathan Knites his side, till it. comes to a marked 
tree, neere tlie said Knights Corner of his feild next Beare 
hill, & then Crosse the swamp, to the cart way that is at 
the lowei' end, of the ilaggy meddow, & to take in all the 
meddow, i.<: to run by the swamp, not over Audever waye, 
till it comes at the tn'C where is three rocks »S: the tree 
marked, it the tree is to the westward of the roekes : on the 
north side, where Andever high way turnes, & from thence 
to the bound where 1 Joyne to Topsfeild men, »fc soe to the 
Kiver; till I meet nir. Balyes meddow at the Spring, that 
runs into tin' Kiver, a little above the bridg, & from the 
briilg, Andever Koad to be the bounds to the tree, where is 
three stones, at the turne of the waye, <t from thence to two 
trees marked at the ridgor Top of tlu' hijl, tiiat lyes on the 
right hand of the path as wee come from the bridg to Thomas 
Putnams house, and from the two trees to a great rock that 
is neere llathorns brooke where Thomas & Edward are to 
make a bridge over the bro(>k against the corner of Thomas 
his feild by his Barne, within which bounds is included a 
pcell of land, containing about fifty acres lying by the River, 
which said fifty a(;res alsoe 1 give & bequeath to my said 
son Thomas his heirs & assignes together with the aforesaid 
house Barne oarchards & about one hundred & fifty acres, 
upland and meddow, all Avhieh my said son Thomas his 
heirs & assignes shall have & In joy forever, after my de- 
It. I give and bequeath, to my sonu Edward Putnam & to 
his heires & assignes a certaine tract of land, uj^land & med- 
dow, containing about eighty Acres be it more or less, with 
the house he now dwells in, & the barne & oarchard, upon 


the Siiid hiiid, which said [)C('ll of land, \h hcMiiidcd, by the; 
land before Specifyed given to tny son ThoniMH MforcsMid, 
easterly : & Ipswich River w(;Bterly : Alsoe I give; unto him 
my son Edward one pcell more of land, lying upon liie littli; 
hill so(! (;ided, containing about sixty acres inoie or lesse, 
being b(;unded as followeth, viz : from a, forked walnut, that 
is alsoc; Joshua Heas & nathaniell jxitnams lioiinds, from 
thence to a stake; <Sc heape of stones ncere; the (Jartwaye, 
from thence to (Iromwells bound tice soe caled, from thence 
to a walnut & red oak blowed downe wheic lyes a. h(!a[)e of 
stones, from thence to the forked walnut, Alsoe I giv(! to 
my said son Edward one pcell of land more, lying upon 
lieare Hill, containing alx^ut sixty acres more or less : being 
bounded, by the three Rocks tt a tree standing by them 
marked, from thence to the bound in the swamp, where my 
land Joynes to Topsfeild land, from thence to william Hobs 
his bounds, from thence to I'liillip Knights his bounds b(!- 
hind B(!are Hill, & from thence along Knights his line till it 
comes to a marked tree, & from the sd marked tree, Cross 
the land to a red oak tree standing by a great Rock on the 
north easterly side of Andev Road, — Alsoe I give my sd 
son Edward a pcell of pcell of meddowcontaining fower acres 
more or less, lying on the west side; of th(; River, neere his 
house & the upland against his the sd meddow, from the 
upper eud of y(! said meddow Cross my upland, to the; top 
of the high hill & soe Straitc; to my bi'otlKir Natharnells line, 
& then to run along the line, to his bounds, at the hnvc)' end 
of the meddow, which is a heap of stones, upon the topp of 
a hill about twenty \hjU', from the meddow containing eight 
acr(!S more or less, of upland, — Alsoe I give; him my sd son 
Ed ward , all my meddow lying in Crom wells meddow soe ca let 1 , 
contayning fower acres more or less, Alsoe I give my sd son 
Edward, all that my part of meddow that lyes in Hathorns 
soe caled, lying bounded by Joshua Reas medow on the 
west, Ezekieil Cheevers meddow on the south, Jonathan 
Knights upland on east & Thomas I'utnams Spong of med- 
ow on the noith, all which said pcells of lane, boath upland 
& meddow I give & bequeath to my said son Edward, & to 
his heires & assignes forever, after my decease. 


It. I Give & bequeath, to mary my beloved wife, & to my 
son Joseph Putnam, borne by her, my said wife, all that my 
fanne I now live upon with all the buildings & houseing 
theire upon with all the app'teuances thereto belonging, both 
upland & nioddow oarchards fences & p'vilidges thereto be- 
belonging, for them to have hold tfc In joy the Same to them 
& their assigue after my decease, for the terme of my Said 
wives naturall life, (they making no Strip nor waste,) either 
of them or theire assignes to Injoy the one halfe part there- 
of, who are to maintaine c^ keep in good repaire either of 
them theire said part the said terme, & after my said wives 
decease, then my will is & doe by these p'"seuts bequeath 
the whole of all the said farme buildings c^ app'tenances to 
my said sonn Joseph Putnam & to his heires & assignes, 
from the time of my wives said decease & for ever after, 
which said farme contaiues about one hundred & twenty 
Acres, be it more or les, that is to say the upland & med- 
dow or mowing ground that is adjoyning to the house which 
is bounded as followeth, on the west with the laud formerly 
Richard Hutchensons, a red oak marked neere the house 
where Bragg dwelt, from thence to a heape of stones & a 
stake standing neere my oarchards, from thence to an other 
heape of Stones, on the side of the hill, from tiience to an- 
other heape of stones, which was the Said Hutchensons 
Corner bounds toward the meddow, from thence to a heape 
of stones, which is Reas bounds alsoe, & Hutchensons & 
mine, from thence to another heape of stones, that is alsoe 
the bounds of Joshua Reas & 'l-homas Putnams & mine, & 
from thence Crosse the upland downe to the marked tree b}^ 
tlie meddow^, which is my sliare of meddow in Hathorns 
meddow, soe Called (which meadow is to be understood as 
part of the said farme, as it now lyes fenced,) & from thence 
the upland on the east, to a tree fallen where is a heape of 
stones that is the bounds of Peeter Prescotts ifc n;'" CheeV's 
land, from thence to Hamer beame soe caled, where h'es a 
heape of stones on the stump, from thence to a white oake 
on the top of tiie hill, that is the bound, alsoe of Henry Ken- 
ny & m'' Clieevers, ifc from thence by the said Kenne to a 
Rock in the waye, from thence along by ,the laud of Robert 


Princes to a great white oak of Beaver Dam, & from thence 
to the Red oack marked by Hutchensons land by Braggs 
house, alsoe as belonging to the said farme a pcell of up- 
land & meddow, sixteen acres more or lesse, lying on the 
west side of he great River, from the logg Bridg downe the 
River, to the place, where the water runns, from Thomas 
Putnams and Edward Putnams meddow into the River, 
from thence to the top of the high hill, & soe Straite to my 
Brother Nathaniell Putnams bound or line, from thence to 
Princes bounds by ye pond, & soe to a great rock lying 
neere the high waye, where wee goe into the meddow, & soe 
along the waye to the bridg, Alsoe one pcell of meddow 
more containing two acres more or less, lying in Hathorns 
litle meddow soe caled, with the fences as it now lyes, John 
Darling lying on the west, Joseph Hutchenson on the east, 
the brook on the south. Darlings upland on the north, alsoe 
five acres lying in Peeterses meddow soe caled be it more 
or lesse, alsoe my meddow at Bishops, soe caled, containing 
two acres more or lesse, alsoe my meddow lying by John 
nichols upland, about two acres Alsoe my old oarchard, with 
all the land fences & timber, with the share of Hathorns 
farme, as it now lyes bounded, by my brother nathaniell 
Putnams land, & my brother John Putnams land, & with 
the land, that was Robert Prince his all which said pcells of 
land & meddow, with all the p'"vilidges and app'tenances 
thereof, is a part & soe by me acconted as a part of my 
said farme as belonging there unto, & is to be understood 
intended by me as soe, & given to my said wife & son Jos- 
eph, the terme of her life & afterwards the whole to Joseph 
his heires assignes forever after his mothers decease. 
It. I give & bequeath, to my beloved wife mary & my son 
Joseph, all that my house & ground in the towne with all 
its ap^'tences & p'vilidges according ae is mentioned & 
bounded in my said wives bill of sale (which said house & 
ground my said wife bought of Phillip Veren before her mar- 
riage) to possess & In joy the same the terme of my said 
wives naturall life, after my decease : & after my wives 
decease, I give & bequeath all the said house & laud as 
aforesaid to my sou Thomas & my son Joseph, to have & to 


hold to them tlieire beires & assiges, forever after my said 
wives decease, and my will is, that when my said sons shall, 
them or either of them, devide the same betweene them in 
two distinct parts, they shall devid it equally : & at the 
front next the street to devide it there an equall breadth 
each part. 

It. I give & bequeath to my son Jklward my halfe acre of land 
that I bouglit of Robert Temple & of John Simond de- 
ceased, & Job Swiuerton Jun'' as by theire deeds of Sale 
apeereth, to him & his beires forever after my decease 

Item, 1 give to my daughter Ann, deceased late the wife of Will- 
iam Trask : to her fowor children, viz : Ann, willia.n, Sarah, 
& Susana ten pounds to each of them, to be paid as they 
com of age, tlic sons it daughters as they com to the age of 
21 yeares, in currant pay 

It. I give to my daughter Deliverance one hundred pounds, to 
be paid her within a yeare next after my decease, in part 
in household goods in proportion as her sisters have had, 
& the rest in currant paye. 

It. I give to my daughter Elizabeth, three & forty pounds, to 
be paid her in currant pay, within one yeare next after my 

It. I give to my Daughter Prudence, fifty pounds, to be paid 
her within two yeares, next after my decease in currant pay. 

It. I give to my three sonns, viz Thomas Edward & Joseph, 
ten acres of meddow more or lesse lying in the place called 
blind hole, Joyning to Joseph Porters upland, to be equaLy 
devided between yni : to In joy to them & there heires for- 
ever next after my wives decease 

It. 1 give to mary m.y beloved wife, fifty pounds out of my es- 
tate after my decease, the plate to be a part, as Invintoryed : 
& the rest out of any of my other goods as shee pleases: 
( except any quined money whicli is to be excepted) & the 
sd fifty pounds with what shall remaine of it or other of the 
estate undisposed of, by this my will as she is executrix, at 
her decease to dispose of it, to & amongst my children as 
shee shall think fitt. 

It. I give to my son Joseph, after my decease, all my plow geer 
«fc kart <fc tacking of all sorts, with all my tooles, imply- 


ments, of all sorts kind & quallyty what soe ever, my mill 
stone & grinston & Cider mill & app'tenances, «feliis mother 
to have lialCe tlie use of tliern wliile shee lives: provided, 
she mainetaine the iialfe of them, to keep them in repaire & 
make them good at her decease. 
It. I give to my servant Joseph Stacy if he shall live to serve 
out his time, & be diligent, a i)ccll of land containing about 
eleven acres of upland & swamp, as it lyes bounded from 
the tree marked by Jonathan Kniglits feild, neere his corner 
next B(!are hill, & soe by Tiioinas Canes land, to a tree 
marked, on the hill caled lieare hill, soe Cross, downe to a 
rock & red oak tree marked, on the north side of Andever 
Roade, & from thence along l)y the swamp, along l)y the 
flaggy meddow side, to the [)lace where the carts have lately 
gou over, & soe Cross the swamp to the JSaid Kniglits marked 
Item. I doe apoynt and ordaine my beloved wife Mary to be my 
executrix, & my son Joseph executor Joyntly together with 
his mother, of this my last will & testament. And it is to 
be understood & it is my will that in case 1 depart this life 
before my sonn Joseph comes of age, & my said wif see 
cause to marry an other man alsoe before he comes of age, 
that then before she marry the estate Shalbe devided be- 
tweene them, & either to pay theire proportion of what 
leagacies shall then be unpaid, & my said son Joseph, may 
then choose his guardian, to assist him & take care of his 
part, & my will is that my said son Josei)h shall have the 
possession & improvem'- of his [)art at the age of eighteene 
yeares, & I doe desire my loveing freinds, & apoynt tiiem. 
Viz' Ensigiie Israeli Porter and Searg' John Leach, to be 
overseers, to see this will ploi'iued to whome I give twenty 
shillings each of them, In wittnes tiiat tliis is my last will 
& testament, 1 have sett to my hand &i seule, the day & 
yeare first above written : being the 8*^'' of february Ann'^ 
bom 168| 

there was Interlyned in p : 1 : betwene the 32 & 33 lynes 

the word (tree) & in the p : 3 : betweene the 18 & 19 lynes 

the word (ground) & in p : 4 : the words (about two acres) 

between the 15: & 16 lines in the same p: the words (ac- 



counted as) between the 20 : & 21 lines & in the sum p : the 
word (tlieni) betweene the 35 & 3G lines & in p: 6: the 
words (before shee maiy) betweene the 6 : & 7 lines & in 
the same page the word (eighteene) betweene the 12 & 13 
lines & a word underneatli blotted out & all these Interlin- 
ings, don by consent before signing & sealing. 

Signed Sealed, & declared to be the last will & Testa- 
ment of 3'e sd Thomas Putnam by him, after the severall 
enterlinings as above said, in the p'^sence of us: with this 
further addition Viz'. That in case my son Josepli de[>art 
this life, before he come to have power to make his will, 
(which I conceive to be when he comes to the age of eigli- 
teene yeares, (when he is to possess his estate, as by my 
will), I say if he dy before then his estate, viz : the laud to 
fall 1o his two brothers, viz : Thomas & Edward only outof 
ye land to his Brother nathaniell veren, the value of twenty 
pounds in pay : & the rest of his estate to be devided among 
his three sisters, my daughters, it is to be understood the 
housing is inent as the land, to 3'e brothers 

Thomas Putnam sen. [Seal.] 
witnes Hilliard Veren 
Thomas fell Id 

This fourth of January one thousand sij^ hundered Eigtie 

Where as my will being made some Considerable time 
past and therefore doe see cause to allter some perticulars 
in my said will and it being the plesuer of god to visit me 
with siknes and weaknes yet through liis goodnes of sound 
mind and memory blessed be god for it 
and whereas it is Exprest in my will that I have given to 
my three sons namely thomas Edward and Joseph : my 
meddowe it bciug ten Acers mor or Lese Lying in blinde 
hold soe called Adjoyning to tlie Land of Jose[)h Porter: 
I doe give & bequeth it to ni}' twoe sons vide Thomas and 
Edward as allsoe part of the Land that I have purchesed and 
given to my sons: thomas and Edward Liying in toi)sfilld 
towneship at this time and thay thretening as if thay would 
deprive them of it the which if it should be : then my will is 
that my Land and orched belonging to my old house : as 


allsoe ray Land that was ray brother Jolin liathorns Share 
of danforths (arnie all which Contains aljout Eighty Acars 
more or Lesc : I doe give to my three sons thomas Edward : 
and Joseph Equily to be divided between them After my 
wifes deses. 

and whereas I have given my wife fifty ponnd to be taken 
out of my Esteate After prisell : I doe allsoe give and be- 
queth to my son Joseph out of my Estate after prisell his 
Liberty of Choyse to take twoe oxen & twoe Cowes and sixe 
sheep and A horse or A mare 

and where as I have given to my daughter diliverance A 
hundered pounds upon my will there Remains but fourty: 
and three pounds to pay the Rest being all redy payd and 
as allsoe my daughter Elizabeth haveing all Redy Receved 
sixty and eight pounds: seven shillings & sixe pence there 
Remains to make up to her an hundered pounds thirty & 
one pounds: twelve shillings & sixe pence 
my daughter Prudence allsoe haveing all Redy receved fifty 
and nine pound five shilings there Remains : to make up to 
her an hundered pounds : fourty pounds and liften : shillings 
Signed and Sealed as with som alterations : and with some 
considerations in this my Last will and testament as witnes 
my liand 

Thomas Putnam sen. [seal.] 
Witnes to the hole will 

Israeli Porter 

John leach 

Mr. Israel Porter and m*". John Leach having renounced 
their Legacyes of Twenty shillings P. man given in this will 
and Thomas Feild all three sworne say that they were 
present Feild on the Eighth of February 168 1 and m"" Por- 
ter and Leach upon the fourth of Jan : 1G85, and saw Leift. 
Thomas Putnam signe scale and publish this will to which 
this is annexed as his last will and T(!stament, and that 
when he so did he was of sound memory and understanding 
to their best Judgem*^ anci feild further adds thai he saw M"" 
Veren signe with him as a witnesse 
Boston 8 July 1G86 

Jurat Coram J. Dudley presid*^ 
Attesf Daniel AUin. Cler. 

20 lllSTOKY OF i'llK rUTNAM FA1\III,V. 

Boston this: S'l' of July ^i''^i'K 

To 'ri\iH> lloiioiiiMo ,losi'i>li DiiiUy Esq'! rrosidcMit of lli>^ 
]\l:iJtiVslios (\)iiiu'il And TiMritoiy of Now oiiiilaiul In Anior- 
icM. Thoo llumblo {)i'titi()n of llu>o soviM-al pmsons nndor 
\vri(»Mi : son :intl sons in law of tlu'O L:ito I J Thomas l*iit- 
uain of Saloni Din'oasod llnnihly Showoth. 

That, whaio as Mumo is an InstriiniMit. cmKI a will Loft. By 
our lato Ilonord Hat licr L'. Thomas Tntnam Late of Sah'uj 
In thoo Hands of our llonorod nu)thoriiilaw : which Instii- 
niont. as woo Humbly oonooivo was t)ooatiou(l to bo ukkIo as 
it is : by our TMoMiorinlaw : by wiiioii Inslrimont as wt>o Hum- 
bly concoivi' woo shall all boo oxtivomly wronuod if it must, 
stand In tl'oroi' aj^aiust. us : And whoroas our Urol lior Thom- 
as putnani with goiHl Advioo as woo Humbly oontoivo hath 
ontoroil oaution against, tho said Instrimont. our Humblo to you'' HouJ' is that, ho may havo Liltorty and timo 
to makohisploa l>y whioh nioa.nos Yo',' Hon! JMay oom to un- 
dorstand How nuioh woi> aro all wroui^iHl : And so Ho[)o- 
iuii" Yo"' Ht)nl will boo ploasod to hoai'O tho orio of thoo 
tlathorlos anil INlothorlos : And not sutl'or suoh an injustioo 
to stand in foroo aiiainst us to do[>rivo us of (hat i>i>rtion 
whioh bv tho Law ol' (!od and man bi>louL:,s unto us: Rutt 
that thoo [H)wor (of) Administration of our Hoooi^asod Ifathors 
ostato may boo oranlod to our oldost Urothor Thomas pnt- 
naui : that ho may brinu' in A Inio Livontory of thoo samo 
unto Yo'. Hon'!, that st>r oaohof ns may Havo that pro[H>rtion 
of our Doi'ooasod Ifathors ostato whioh by tho law of (^od 
:iud man boloiii^s unto us: In wlui'li KimiuosIs If Yo'! Hon'! 
shall Uoo ploasod to Ifavonr us: Yo' lliiiublo polilioiu-rs 
shall ovornu)ro bo bound to pray i^''. 

Edward rutiiain, 
William Trasko, 
Jonathan Waloott. 

r.oston Juno : 1 7, 1(>S(> 

Ti> tho Hon''''',b>si>ph Dudloy Esq'' Trosidont of his IMmj"':" 
Conni'il i<. Toirilory of Now England in Amorioa — Lho 
Immblo Ti'tition of ThomavS I'ntnam b'hlost son t>f Liout. 
'lM>«>mas rntnam of Salem Villago hitoly docoasocL 
Humbl\ SluMvolh 



TIimI, wIi(M'(!;i,s iriy \:\.U\ Ikmi'' njiUicr \A('A\' TliottiMS riil,M:i,tti 
<l(!(;(!:iH(!(l m.'idt! .-ui iiiHliiiiiKiiil in Coiinc of a will (bi' t,li(! (Mh- 
posnll (){' liis lOstaU; wliicli iiisUinciil, or will \h how in l.lio 
liMii'i of M'* Mary riiliKiin rclicl, it I<iX(;(;iil,rix of iriy li(,l,(5 
Hon'' ir;i,t,li<!r 'rii(;H(i arc l,o lOntcir (Jantjoii agniiiHt tlu; Haid 
will Humbly iii1,r(!aiin<»; Yo!' IIonoM,li!i,l, Muiro iniiy not, Ikj any 
[)ro(;t!(lur(; in IIm; |irol);i,l,ion of s:i,i(l will iintJII I he liciard what 
I iiavi! to !dl<!(lj^(; (lonciirninj^ it and 
Yof I'otitioner Hliall (jvcrniorc bo bound to pray tKi' 

'I'lioinaH I'litnarn. 

M'h. M;u-y I'Mtn;i,Mi pr;i,y(!S y'' allowan(;(! of l);uii(!ll Wiciitn 
for licr ii,ttnin»!y l,o answ(!r y'' pica of 'I'lioin;i,s I'Mtnani wliicji 
JH adjiuncd to .July 22'' IG^iG. 

.1. I>. I'll. 

NOTI';.— TWK oC M:iHHii,<',liiiM<-.l-t,<t iriotl, lioiioiiiil cil.l/.i'.iiH !tri; ilircci, (liinccjiiliuil.H oC Mi'H. 
Mary (Vavnu) I'litjiuiii, vl/.., Un: Jloii. I^ll)l:J'l, <J. WiiiUiro|i ami l.lio lion. Williuiii (>. 

IhI liiiKhaml, NaU. Vorfiii = Mary = '2(iil liimlianil, !,(,. 'J'Iioh. I'litiiarri. 

larv V<!i'<)ti 

Mary V<!r<)ti, m. WTl, TimoUiy Tiimlall, 

<l. (>.laii., 

I) :t May, I'i'li, (J. 
(i.Jaii., lO'.lH-;). A 
iniiH(, c.iirioiiHly 
HlamlH ov<;r liiH 
Kravi; In Uio 
OharUjr H(,i<i<;t 
(!orti()l,cry ut Ha- 

TitnoHiy Liridall, (ii. 1705, .iiuu- I'ool, 
(1. 17(iO. I il. 1710. 

J(>H<!|ili I'liUiaiii, in. I(i!)0, ICIi/,. Porter, 

d. I7:i:i. 

I.. 107:5, a. 

Daviil riit.nani, in. 17'2H, Uobt-cca I'orloy, 
(I. I70;i. I \i.2H<)U., 1710. 

.Jaiii^ l.iiiildll, tn. ITiO, FriinclM IJorlund, 
d. 171'.). I d. I7(j;i. 

Wiliiain I'litnam, m. Kll/.l). rnUiaiii, 
I Ij. iTZH. 

Juno norland, m. \1M, .Jofin Htill WinUiro)), Klizl). TuUiain, in. WM, .Sarni. Kndlc,o(,t, 
U. 1700. I d. 1770. d. IMl. I b. 170.!, d. IHiJH. 

TlioH. Fi. Wlnlhrop, ni. 17Wi, Kllzl), Ilowdoin 'J'liinplc, Win. I'. KmllooU, in. Mary(Jrown- 
d. 1841. I U. iH'ir,. I iiigMliicld. 

Jloii. II. C. VVIntliiop, 
Ij. VI May, IHOU. 

Hon. Win. C. KndlcoU, 

lal,(! S«:<;i<',l,ary oC War under 
I'rciiidunl Clcvclanii. 


'riiC! will of Mary, relict oI'Lt. 'IMioiiias l*iitn:iiu, is (l:it(Ml 8 
,I;m., KiKf); proved 20 May, KUIT). Slio bequeallis to lier 
liiisltaiid's eliil(ir(Mi, Thoiuas Putnam, ICdward Piiliiam, De- 
livei-anee Wolcott, Klizalx^th Hayley, l*rud(Miee NVayinaii, 
and to her own son, .losepli Piiliiaiu. In a deposition Mary 
Lindall, a<i('d Ibrty-livis wile ol' Tiniolliy Lindall, calls Mrs. 
Mary Piitnanj, " Mother l*ntnani," and (Jeorgo IngersoU, sen- 
ior, calls her "sister Mary Putnam." 

II. 5 Nathaniel {Jo/m), hapti/ed at Aston Ahholts, II 
Oct., IGU); died at Salem Village, 2;'> ,lnly, 1700; married 
jit Sidem, Elizaheth, danghter of Kichard and Alices (lios- 
worth) TTiitchinson of Sahun Villagt^, horn 20 Aug., and ha})- 
ti/ed at Arnold in England, oO Ang., 1(')21) ; died 21 »Inne, 
1C)88.^ In 1()48, both Nathaniel and his wife Klizahi'th were 
admitted to the clmri'h in Salem. 

Children, born in Sulem Village (births recorded at Salem) : 

■18 Samuki., 1). 18-1 2-1 (!r)2; bapt. 1st, (Mi., 17-2-1(153. 

r.» NATiiANnor,, 1). 2-t-2-l(;55; " " 27-3-1(555. 

20 John, h. 2(!-l-l(;57; " " G-7-1G57. 

21 JosKi'll, b. 29-8-1 (!59; " " 

22 Ki.iZAitimi.b. 11 Auf;., 1(!(52; " " ll-2-10(;2 ; d. C Mar., 1(;'J7 ; 

ui. Serfj. Georfjo Flint. " 

23 15KN.IAMIN, b. 24-10-l('.(;4. 

24 Mauy, 1). 15-7-l(:('.8; hapl. 1st, ('li., Doc, KIOS; m. .lolui Tufts. 

Of these only ,lohn, lienjamin and Alary survived their 
lather. In 1(51)4, Nathaniel and John Putnam testified to 
having lived in the Village since 1(541. Nathaniel rutnam 
was ii man of (u)nsiderablo landed })r()perty ; his wife brought 
him seventy-live acres additional and on this tract he built his 
house and established himself. 

Part of this })roperty has remained miinterrui)tedly in the 
family. It is now better known as llu^ " old , Judge Put- 
nam place." lie was constable in 1(55(5, and afterward 
deputy to the (Jeneral Ooiut, lGi)0-l(5i)l, selectman, and al- 
ways at the front on all local (piestions, whether i)ertaining to 

' Accoi'iliiig' to another account ul'aiiciuul date, "1st .liiiio, ;e. (iO.'' 


politics, i-cli;;i()ii.s iiHiiirs, or olli(!i' town iii;ill(!rs. "11(5 li;i<l 
j^i'out husincHH activity iiiid iihilily mikI vvuh a jxirson of oxtni- 
ordiiiiiry powoi-.s of mind, of <j;rc;it (uicr^y ;iiid Kkill in tlio 
n)!inii<i^(!ni('nt of idfaii-H ;un\ of Hini^nlar H;i<^iu;ily, aciunon and 
(jui(!kn(38H of |)orcop(ion. Ihilcllu Imi-jjjo eBtato."** 

Natiianikl Putnam was one, of IIk^ principals in l,li<! <;;r(!at 
lawsuit (;onccrnin<( the; owncr^liip of tlic Bishop faiin. His ac- 
tion in this nialt(!r was niiMudy to prcv(!ni tin; allcinptH of 
Zcruhahcl Pjidicott to j)nsh the hounds of the Bisho[) grant 
ov(!r on his land. Tht; red piincipals in the <;as(! were James 
AlhiU who had obtained 1h<! Bishop farm as [)art of liis wife's 
dowry, and Zcruhahc! Mndieott. Thci case was a lonj^ and 
coin[)li(!atcd )dl';ur and w;is at last s(!ttled to the satisfaction 
of Allen and Putnam. JMidiciott was so (!h;i<^rin(Ml that h(i was 
a dill'ercnt m.iu ;nid soon died fioui the (dlVct of heing cast hy 
the courts. This Bishoj) grant which caused the tr(Jul)lo was 
sold hy Allciti to the Nm-ses and now belongs to Calvin Put- 
nam. The above suit was setthfd in KlHIi. 

i)uiin'j lh(! unhappy troubh^ concerning tlu! settlement of 
a minister over tin; parish at Sahsm Village;, Nathaui<'l l*ut- 
natn was a most (Uitcutnincfd opponcaifdo the Ivev. Mr. Bayl<;y, 
but when Buyley was dismiss<!(| he ji)in<!d with his brothers 
Thomas and dohn Putnam, Thomas Fidler, sr., and .JoHe[)li 
Hutchinson, si-,, in a (Uw\ of gift to Mr. James Bayhfy of 
twenty-eight acn^s of upland and thirteen acr(!S of me^adow, 
which const it nted a very valuable prop(;rty. This was of 
date of (5 May, ICMO. On 10 J)cc., lOHM, Lt. Nathaniid Put- 
nam was on<! of four messcaigers s<Mit to licv. Samucd Parris 
to obl;(in his )"(!ply to the call of tin; p;iri^h. Pariis juit tlnim 
oil'. His final engagement was settle<l by younger nien, ono 
of whom wMs Deacon Edward Putnam. Mr. Parris, how- 
ever, was su[)ported by Nathaniid !'(d,nam, who lour years 
Iat(M' was comi)l(!tely deceived in rcig.ird to the witclua'aft d<;- 
liision. That he honestly bcdievcid in witclua-aft and in the 
statcuKiiits of tJi<; allli(;t(!d girls th<!i"e seeuis to be; no doubt; 

" tJiiliiuii'tt Wil,<;lii;iii(t. 


that he Avas not inclined to 1)0 sovcro is evident, and his good- 
ness of charaeter shows forth in niaiked contrast with the 
almost bitter lecling shown by many ol' those concerned. Na- 
thaniel lived to see the mistake all had made. That he shonld 
have believed in the delnsion is not strange for belief in witch- 
craft was then all but nniversal. The })liysicians and ministers 
called upon to cx;unine the girls, who [)relended to be be- 
Avitehed, agreed that such was the tact. Upham states that 
ninety-nine out of every hundred in Salem believed that such 
was the case. There can l»e no doubt that the exi)ressed o^iin- 
ion of a man like Nathaniel Putnam nnist have intluenced 
scores of his neighbors. His eldest brother had been dead 
seven years and he had succeeded to the position as head of 
the great Putnam family with its connections. lie was known 
as " Landlord Putnam," a term given for many years to the 
oldest living member ot the family. He saw his brother 
Thomas Putnam's family alHicted and, being an n[)riglit and 
honest man himself, believed in the disordered imau:inings of 
his grandniece, Ann. These are powerful reasons to account 
for his belief and actions. The following extract from U})hani 
brings out the better side of his character. — " Entire conti- 
dence was felt by all in his judgment, and deservedly. But 
he was a strong religionist, a life-long member of the church 
and extremely strenuous and zealous in his ecclesiastical rela- 
tions. He was getting to be an old man and Mr. Parris had 
wholly succeeded in obtaining, lor the time, possession of his 
feelings, symi)athy, and zeal in tlie management of the church, 
and secured his full cooi)eration in the witchcraft })rosecu- 
tions. He had been led by Parris to take the very front in the 
proceedings. But even Nathaniel Putnam could not stand 
by in silence and see Rebecca Nurse sacrificed. A curious 
paper, written by him, is among those Avhich have been pre- 
served : 

"Nathaniel Putnam, Sr., l)eing desired by Fi'ancis Nurse, 
Sr., to give information of what 1 could say concerning his 
wife's life and conversation, I, the above said, have known 



this said aCorosnid womuii forty years, and what I have ob- 
served of her, human frailties exeepted, her life and conver- 
sation have been acciording; to her [)roression, and she hath 
brought up a great family of children and educated them well, 
so that there is in some of them apparent savor of godliness. 
I have known her differ with her neighbors, but I never knew 
or heard of any that did accuse her of what she is now charged 

A similar pai)er was signed by thirty-nine other persons of 
the village and the immediate vicinity, all of the highest re- 
spectability. The men and women who dared to do this act 
of justice nujst not be forgotten : — 

" We whose names are hereunto subscribed, being desired 
by Goodman Nurse to declare what we know concerning his 
wife's conversation for time past, — we can testify, to all whom 
it may concern, that we have known her for many years, and 
according to our observation, her life and conversation were 
according to her profession, and we never had any cause or 
grounds to suspect her of any such thing us she is now accused 

Israel Porter [ 

Elizabetli Porter ' 
Edward Bishop, Sr. 
Haimah Bishop 
Josliua Ilea 
Sarali Rea 
Sarah Leach 
John l^utnain 
Rebecca Putnam 
Josepii Hutchinson, Sr. 
Lydia Ilutciilnson 
William Osburn 
Hannah Osl)urne 
Josepli Hollon, Sr. 
Sarali Holton 
Benjamin Putnam 
Sai'ali Putnam 
Job Svvinnerton 
Esther Swinnerton 
Joseph Herrick, Sr. 

Samuel Abbey 
Hepzibah Rea 
Daniel Andrew 
Sarah Andrew 
Daniel Rea 
Sarali Putnam 
Jonatluui I'utnam 
Lydia Putnam 
Walter Phillips, Sr. 
Nathaniel Felton, Sr. 
Maryaret l^hillips 
Tabitha Phillips 
Joseph Holton, Jr. 
Samuel Kndicott 
Elizabeth Buxton 
Samuel Aborn 
Isaac Cook 
Elizabeth Cook 
Joseph Putnam " 


iiisi'oi.v OF rm; i-uinam kaimii.v 

All cx.iimhi.iI ion of (Ik^ lorci^oiiiii,' iimmics in connccl ion willi 
llic liislor\ oI'IIk^ vill.iLjt' will show conclusive proof, lliiil, il 
tli(5 miillcr IiimI Ixhmi Icill to llic people llieri\ il would never 
ll:lV(^ ii^'icIkmI I lie p(tint to wliicli il w:is <%-ini(Ml. II. wns llie 
i nil IK' nee of Hie n 1:114 islr;icy .-iiid llu^ u^overiiiiK^nl of I lie coloin\ 
:iii»l llie piiltlic seiilinuMll pre\ .iltMil elsewiieic, oN'eriilliiiL;; lli;il, 
of Hull ininiedi.-ile Nx^iility, llini di'ove on Hie slorni. 

Tlie .iboN'e docMinent shows llie posilion t;iUeii by the lu\'uU 
of sever;il ol Hie l*iiln;iiii Inniilies of llie Vill;ii;'e. 


Ill Hie Niiiiie of (iod Amen, I NuHKiniel riitii.-iiii of S:i.- 
Iciii, ill V' ('oiiiilv oC ICssex ill y" proviiiei^ ol" V I\1;issmcIiii- 
Hcls l>;iv ill New Isii'^lMiid Ix-iiiii, in |>('rl"ecl JM' <^ slfcii^lli 
vNo sound ill iiiiiid i^ iiieiiioiy, yel, ('()iisideiiii<;' llnil, old !V^i\ 
is coiue vpoii me i^ y" viicerl:uiil y of my life doe miike 'ThiH 
mv l:isl. Will i^ TeslMiiieiil. herehy revo.'ikiiii;' :ill roniier it 
oilier wills liy me lierel.orore :ii :iiiy lime iiiride. 

Imp's I resign*' mv soiile lo (Jod wlioe (l:iiie il. i*t my l)oily to de- 
(reiil. l)iiii;il liopiii'j, for ti ^loritiiirs resiiriccoii in t^ Hii'oii_i;ll 
V'' meiils ol" my blessed licdeemer ,Iesns Clnisl. I.o wlio'iie 
bee ( ; lory i'oreiier. 

And l''or my ( )iil w:ird l''-slate wliieli (!<>d IkiUi bestowed on me 
I (line be(iiienl,li iV. beslow y'' s;uiu' :is liereMller in Miis my 
will is expressed. 

lt,m. I (iiiie viilo my daie^d"'*''' IM:iry Tnll y" wife of dolin 

Tiill one lmiidi-ed niid rweiily i»oiiiids in money I.o be paid 
b\ m\ l'',\eciilor lieie.-il' iiMined witliin I hree yeares arii^r my 
(UHU^iise 1.0 wlii(^li willi y" lil'l.y pounds wliieli I roniieily f;a,vo 
iier is in riiM it oner it uboue w li:il. 1 i)roiniHod her on niur- 

II. 1 (!im^ vnl.o my said l)a.Mi>;lil.(M- IMary y" one half of my 

household <4,<)ods thai, wi're in y'' houses wIumi my wil't" De- 
ceased ill y'' (pialily i^ eoiidilioii liiai y'' sai<l <;()ods shall be 
at iiM' dep.arliire. 

Itm. I (iiiie viilo iiM ( !iaiideliildi(Mi y'' sons it dan;di>*'i'« <>'" 

my dan;'h'*'i' I'-li/.abeth I'Minl I )eeeased, vi/. : to Mary who 
halh M. huiie hand l.wenly pouiid(>s in money it lo y"' olhera 
ICighl. Ton iiomuls n peiee if llu^y hIihII ariiie ul Ago, viz : 

NA'lllANIl'.l, I'll IN AM. 27 

y'' Hoiis mI, 'I'wtMil.y <>m<i ^yc-ircs *^ y" I );ui";lit.('is iil, lOi^lilccii 
ymiiiiH or iii:iiii:i;i,(' lo \)v pnid I»y my Soiiii .loliii l'iil,ii;i,iii l.o 
imrU of my Hiiid Nino gnuitl (children jih [,\\v.y com*! to ji<;() 
jis iilor('H;i,i(l. 

11. m. I (iiiii! viil.o my Soimh! .Tolm I'lil.iiiim IxisidcH Jihoiil. lui 

liiiiidi('(| ii(ir(!K of v|)l:i,iid iSi, idxnit. Hixl.ccui ;u;i('h of mciulovv 
wliicli I liiMic idic-ulv (liiit'ii liiiii liy deed ol" (JiCi, : vi/, : I 
<4'iii(! iV:. Ii('(|ii(>ii.l,li viil.oliim .'dl my liuid (V. mc-idovv wliicli I Ii.-hk; 
lyiii«jj on y'' Noi't.livvfHl.crly nido of y'' Iviin-r ( ';i,lcd Ipswiidi 
Jtilior HciUmlc in S.-dcm lioiiiids in scnciid iiciccs coMl.'unin;^' 
in y" whole rdtonl, Scnt'nl.y mcics lie y'' hmmic mioic or Ichh. 

Ilm. I (iiuc vmIo my Hiud Sonui; .lolin I'liUiiun :d)(>Ml one liiin- 

drcd <V.. sixty .-icicm of l.-ind iidjoynin;^ do y" lmiidr(Ml iicii'm oI" 
l;uid vvliii'li I loiiniMly fi,ii,ne liim l>y deed of ( !i ft, hcin^ his 
hom('st.(^•l.d he |);i,yin;4' l,o my s'' nine ;^i":uid (^hihh'rn y'' h'j^Ji- 
(•i('s h((r('l»y •i.iiicn them. 

Ilm. I (iine fo my Siud Sonn(> .lohn .'dl y'' remainder of I. lint. 1,'uid 

(lt('sid((H wh:d, I h;uie sold) 'I'litit, I formcily pinch.-iscd of 
VVilliiim .Icj^t^U'H : idl l,o Ik! I,o him tVo his IkTms forcMicr. 

Itin. I (iiiKt lo my H.'iid sonnt; Ivvcnt.y pounds in money t.o Ix; 

l»;ud him hy my l*"j\e(',Ml,or in l.\\vvv. yt^.-irs rdler my (h^eciuse. 

Ilm. I (iin<! to my said Sonm^ hM,lf(( my \v(!ii.iin^ Ji|>|»n.r('ll. 

Ilm. I (iiiu! t.o my s'' son .lohn Thirt.y pounds t.o Ik; p:ud hy 

my lOxecnt.or vvilhin one yeiire !d't.ei' my dcee;i,s(! in ^riiinc! 
<Si, cMit.le M,t. money priec! : \vhi(^h ie;i,ii,c.i()s vvilh y^hnndiccl 
pound I (Jjuu! him formeily for land sold whi(!h I had of VVm. 
J(!<4'<>IoH is in fidl of his pent. ion. 

Jtm. I (<iiu(! vrd.o my sonne Henj;i,min l'nt.ii;i.m my liom(>slea.(l 

llird, is my farnw^ lh;d. I now dwell on as .-dsoc! all my oI.Ikm" 
l.'inds tS^, me;i(l(»vvs wiiet.her in possession or rtMiersion vvliei'o- 
Hoen(!r s(;il,UM.t.e iyin;^ i*w. bein^' which nvi'. nol pert.iiMdarly iti 
Ihis will olli(!rwiH(! disposcid oil", lo Iw. lo him t\o his hiors l''or 

It.m. I (i!iu(^ lo my Sonne l>enj;iniiri :dl my persomdl Kh- 

lat,(( whether money (Iidth; corne Diibts or olJKir oslali^ wli-al 

Ilm. I m.'d<(^ i^ ( !onst,ilnl.(; my s:ud sonn Itenj.'unin rnl.n.-un t.o 

I)(! y'' sohr l'",\eeulor of this my last, will i^ Testanient.. 

Laslly. I l)(!sir(! iSi, apoinl my(Jood fri<!nd ( !apl. S;umi(d (<:irdner 
& Surg' John Leiicli Lo bu oucrHccrH of Umh my will. 


Itm : My AVill further is that neither of my two sonns shall sell 
any of y" lands hereby Giuen them nor any wayes dispose 
of y*^ same vntill y'' Seuerall legacies & payments in this 
my will Giuen & apolnted be respectively paid and fulUilled 
or Security Giuen for payment of y^ same : & y'" lands re- 
spectiuely to stand bound for fullfiUing of y*' same. 
It. my will is that in Case eitlier of my sonns should ne- 

glect & refuse to pay what I haue ordered them to pay 
or any differences arise either betwixt my two sonns or be- 
twixt either of them & y'^ Legatees. Then & in such case 
my will & desire is that my said ouerseers heare & deter- 
mine y*" same & that Euery one acquiesce in what they shall 

In Testimoney that this is my last Will & Testament I 
haue herevnto set my hand & scale this 21 Day of February 
1698-9, & in y'' P^leuenth yeare of y*^ Reigne of William y^ 
3<^ of p:ngland &c. King defen'" of y" faith. 

Signed Sealed publisiied Nathaniel Putnam [seal.] 
& declared in |f)sence of vs 
Ilenrj' West 

Henry West Juner Essex ss. Before y'' Hon'^'*^ 

Stephen Sewall Jonath*^ Corwin Esq. Judge of 

Margaret Sewall Probate of Wills &c. August 

12"» 1700 Maj'' Stephen Sewall, Henry West Sen'" & Henry 
West Jun"^ all p'^sonally Appeared and made Oath they were 
p'scnt and did see Nath'' Putnam Signe Seal & heard him 
publish and Declare tliis Instrument to be his last Will and 
Testament and that he was then of A Disposing mind to 
there best und'^standing & that they then subscribed as 
Wittuesses in his ^sence. 

Sworn Attest John Higginson Reg^ 
Vpon w^'' this Will is proued Approued and allowed be- 
ing ^Esented by y"^ Executor therein named. Viz : Benj* 

Attest John Higginson Reg'". 
Essex ss. Probate Office. 

Solem, Dec. 28, 1889. 
A true copy of original will and of probate on file in this office. 

Ezra D. Hines, Asst. Register. 


II. 8 Captain John {John), baptized at Aston Ab- 
botts, England, 27 May, 1627 ; died at Salem Village, 7 
April, 1710; married, at Salem, 3-7-1652, Rebecca Prince, 
" stei)-daiighter of John Gedney," and perhaps sister of Rob- 
ert Prince, a near neighbor. 

Children, born at Salem Village: 

26 Rebkcca, b. 28 May, 1(553; m. 22 Apr., 1672, John, son of Thomas 
Fuller (d. 26-6-1675). Ch. (Salem Rec.) : Elizabeth, b. 22-6- 
1673. Bethiaii, b. 22-1-1676. 

26 Sarah, b. 4 Sept., 1654; m. July, 1672. John, son of Richard and 

Alice (Bosworth) Hutchinson of Danvers, b. there May, 1643; 
d. 2 Aug., 1676. Ch. : Sarah, m. Deacon Joseph Whipple. 

27 Priscilla, b. 4 Mch., 1657; d. 16 Nov., 1704 (g. s. hi Wadsworth 

cemetery); m. Joseph Bailey (ii. s.), b. 4 Apr., 1648; killed 
by Indians at Kennebunk, Oct., 1723; son of John and Eleanor 
(Emery) Bayley. Ch. : Rebecca, b. 25 Oct., 1675. Priscilla, b. 
31 Oct., 1676. John, b. 16 Sept., 1678. Joseph, b. 28 Jan., 
1681. Hanuali, b. 9 Sept., 1683. Daniel, b. 10 June, 1686. 
Judith, b. 11 Feb., 1690. Lydia, b. 25 Nov., 1695. Sarah, b. 14 
Feb., 1698. 

28 Jonathan, b. 17 March, 1659. 

29 James, b. 4 Sept., 1661. 

30 Hannah, b. 2 Feb., 1663; m. 17 May, 1682, Henry, son of Henry 

and Abigail Brown, b. in Salisbury 8 Feb., 1658-9; rem. to Sa- 
lem Village about 1695 and d. there 25 Apr., 1708; his widow 
made her will 9 May, 1730; proved 4 Jan., 1731. Ch. : John, b. 
15 Apr., 1683; m. Mary Elsey. Rebecca, b. 1 Oct., 1684. 
Abraham, b. 4 July, 1686. Hannah, b. 20 Mar., 1689; d. y. 
Eleizer, b. 18 Feb., 1691 ; m. Sarah, d:iu. of Joseph Putnam, q. v. 
Henry, b. 17 June, 1693. Benjamin, b 25 June, 1695. Mehitable, 
1). 20 Sept., 1698. Nathaniel, b. 21 Dec, 1700. Joseph, bapt. 
18 Sept., 1703. Hannah, b. 9 June, 1705; d. before 1734 (see 
Brown Gen. in preparation by Wilbur C. Brown, Esq.) ; m., 2(1, 
25 May, 1725, Jolin, son of John and Rutli Ilea, who, by a sec- 
ond wife, Ann Dodge, had ason Ebenezer, b. 20 Nov., 1745, and 
who m. Lydia Putnam of Danvers. 

31 Eleazeu, b. 1665. 

32 John, b. 14 July, 1667. 

33 Susanna, b. 4 Sept., 1670; m. prev. to 1G95, Edward, son of Edw. 

Bishop of Danvers. (Ui)hani.) 

34 Ruth, b. Aug., 1673; bapt. IstCh., Salem, Aug., 1673. 

On the 14-5-1667, the following children of John Putnam 
were baptized at the First Church in Salem : Rebecca, Ilan- 
njdi, John, Stirah, Priscilla, Jonathan and James. 


John Putnam was made tVeoniaii in 1065. He Avas con- 
stantly to till! tore in all matters relating to town or church 
government. In lti()8 and 1(570, he with both his brothers 
signed a petition to be allowed a minister at the " Farms." 
His name occurs among the following Putnams on a petition 
of the Village to be set apart from Salem, dated 14 March, 

Tlvonias Putnam senior® Jonathan Pntnam 

John Piitnani " 'Plioinas Putnam jr. 

Nathaniol Putnam'^' Kdwanl Put nam. 
John PiitiKim jr. 

1689, Nov. 10, the following meml)ers of the church at 
Salem were set otf to form the church at Salem Village, now 
the North Parish in Danvers. They had had preaching for 
some years. 

Bray Wilkins and wile 

Nathaniel Putnam Peter Cloyce 

John Putnam and wife Joiin Putnam jr. and wife 

Joslnia Kay and wife Benjamin Putnam and wife 

Natlianiel tniiorsoll Deliverance Wolcott 

Thomas Putnam Henry Wilkins 

Ezekiel Cheeyer Jonathan Putnam and wife 

Edward Putnam lienjamin AVilkins and wife 

Peter Preseott Sarah Putnam wife of James. 

Summing up the connection of John Pntnam with church 
all'aiis we have the following: lie was not connected with 
the church in any otHcial capacity except as occasion might 
arise when his inlluciice was needed to collect rates, etc., for 
the minister; he himsidf was gcMierous in providing for the 
wants of the minister and chiuvh. He was a man. of decided 
opinions, naturally su[)p()rted Bayley, who was the brother 
of his son-in-law, ()[)posed Burroughs bitterly, accepted Par- 

» lti7!>.— Tlios. riitnain Sr. and .Ir. and .Tulm riitiiame are anions? sisrners to a petition 
wisliins tlio tien. Court to refer tlie dilHeully eoncerninj; Mr Hayley's settloment re- 
ferred to tlie cliurcli in Salem. In this [letition it is stated that '• there are but 11 or 12 
cluM-ch members at the t'armes & M treoholders on their own land, all Eni;lisli men & 
most of them town born children." (State Arehives). 

'" John IMitnani, jr., and Nathaniel I'litnani are a mong the oiipo? ition. but desire a 
minister sent them. 

JOHN rUTNA.\T. 31 

ris. His house was occasionally the meeting place for the 
church meetings. He did not hesitate to invoke the law 
•where the atl'airs of the church were concerned. 

In his business career we find many interesting facts. 
Under date of 1G78, John Putnam testifies to having heard a 
conversation in 1G43 between Governor Endecott and one of 
his men, the deponent being then on the Endecott farm, and in 
1705 he testifies that he had fifty years before been a retainer 
on Governor Endecott's farm and was intimately acquainted 
with the Governor. It is evident that his father had sent him 
to the Governor's farm to learn the science of agriculture, us 
this farm was known throughout the coh)ny as a model place, 
where the latest and most approved theories wei-e in practice. 
From this sciiool of agriculture he seems to have gone forth 
well pre})ared to clear a farm for himself, for in 1658 he deeds 
some twenty acres of meadow land on north side of Ipswich 
river to Rol)ert Prince, styling himself " Planter." As he 
was man-ied in 1652 he i)rol)ably remained with Endecott 
some time between his fifteenth and twenty-first years. 
From this time to his death ho was constantly acquiring prop- 
erty, following the calling of a farmer of the highest and 
most int(!lligent class. He also entered more or less into the 
speculative enterprises of his time. 

In 1674 at Rowley Village (now Boxford) Simon Bi-ad- 
street, Daniel Dennison and John Putnam estal)lished iron 
works. These were constructed and cari-ied on ui)on a large 
scale, on contract, by Samuel and Nathan Leonard. 

In this connection the following (extract is interesting: 
"John Gould his book of accounts 1(597 an account of the 
weaight of the iron [)l:ites that cozen Putnam had. Thom- 
ases waighed 260. Sanniell weighed 330. Samuell Smiths 
waighed 170." 

That John Putnam was successful in the management of 
his atfairs is shown by his tax rate. He paid £8 in 1683 and 
until a few years before his death was among the heaviest tax 
payers in the Village. Sonu? yeai's previous to his death he 
gave his [)r()perty to his children, always with reservations 


as to his muiiitoiiiince, and the last year of his life his prop- 
erty was rated only for a few shillings. 

It was in the military afi'airs and witchcraft delnsion that 
his character is best shown. In 1672 he is styled corporal ; 
on the 7 Oct., 1678, he was connnissioned lieutenant of the 
troop of horse at the Village ; after 1687 he is styled " Ca[)- 
tain." As late as 1706 " Capt. John Putnam in company 
with Capt. Jonathan (his son) was empowered to settle town 
bounds." He served in the Narragansett fight and retained 
his military manners throughout his life. In 1679 and later 
he was frequently chosen to present Salem at the General 
Court to settle the various disputed town bounds. He was 
selectman in 1681. 

lie was deputy to the General Court in May, 1670, to suc- 
ceed Mr. Bartholomew Gedney and again for the regular 
terms of 1680-1686-1691-1692, previous to the new char- 
ter. On the 12 May, 1686, he received the following order 
from the town of Salem : "In case Mr. Dudley &c. said to be 
nominated & authorized by his Majesty to Edict another 
Government here, do publish a Loyal Nullification of our 
charter and a commission from the King for their acceptance 
of the Government. Here then our instrifction to you is — 
That you give no countenance to any resistance, butpeasably 
withdi'aw yourself as representing us no longer." This was 
just previous to the Andros administrativ)n. It is seen above 
that he was returned to the General Court again in 1691, af- 
ter the Revolution, but of the part that John Putnam played 
dui'ing the intervening time we know nothing. 

That h^e was alive to the needs of education among the 
growing •'generation while absorbed in military and political 
afi'airs and his own business, the following entry shows : Jan. 
24, 1677, "ordered and empowered to take care of the law 
relating to the catechissing of children and youth be duly 
attended to all the Village." He is desired to have "a dili- 
gent care that all the families do carefully and constantly at- 
tend the due education of children and youth accordingto law." 

We come now to the part he took in the witchcraft delu- 

z o 


is, ;2 

o o 

2 s 



8ion ; tlio hhuiq cmiihoh }i.llud<;<l to under Nuthaiiiol wore ac- 
tiv(! ill his cane. Fainiiy j)ri(|(;, the Htroii*^ ((ioliiig <jf kiii- 
Khi|), liiH Hteni odiication, qui(.'i< t(;tn|)(M" and ohHtinatc nature, 
.-ill t(;;id<;(I to iii(liM'ii(;(; lii.s action which was excUHahIc accord- 
ing to th(! i;.Mioiaiit and iiiirrow Hiij^crstilioiiH of th(5 times. 
One Hi(h; of liis cliaractcr in known by tii<5 lollowin;^ extract 
f'roiri Uphain : 

In }()Ho, tiic Court order Itcv. fji(t()v</<', Biirrouj^hs to settle 
with th(! parish at Salcni Villa;^(i. 'i'liis H<!ltliiii( was inter- 
i'U[)ted in a most arhitrary manner, as th(j followin;^ d<;[)osi- 
tion sliovvs : 

["County Court, .Time, H)8/i — Lieutenant dolm Putnam 
varsuH Mi- Ceor<(e liiirroii^hs. Action of deht for two ^al- 
l(»iis o(" Canary wiin;, and cloth, &r,. l)oii;rJit of Mr (iedney 
<»ii John Put nam's a,ccouiil , for the ('niicral (d*.\Ii>> iJnnou^lis."] 

"We wliose nam(;s art; midcrwiittcn, testify and say, that at 
a f)uhlic meeting of th(; [)(!oij|(5 of Salem Farmes, April 21, 
\<i')W), we hfiard a hitter read, which letter was sent fi-om the 
(yoiirt. After th(! s;iid letter was read, Mr Burroughs came 
in. After the said Burroughs had been a whih; in, he asked 
' wlu;ther they took up with the a<lvice oi' th<; Court, given 
in the letter or wh(!ther they rejected it.' 'I'lie moderator 
ma<le answer, 'Yes w<5tal<(! up with it;' and not a man coii- 
tra<ii<;ted it to any of our hearing. After this was passed, 
was a discoiir,s(; of settling accounts between tlie said Bur- 
roughs aii(] the inhaliilants, and issueing things in peace, and 
parting in love, as they came together in love. Further we 
say that the second, third and fourth days of the following 
week were agreed u|)on by Mr Buri-oiighs and the p(;ople to 
be the days f(jr iiwitvy man to come in and to reckon with the 
Slid iiiirronghs ; and so th<!y adjrxirned the me(;ting .... 
. . . VV<; fiirtluir testify and say, that. May the second, 
1683 Mr Burroughs and the inhabitants nftt at the meetinir 
liouse to make up the accounts in public, according to their 

34 iiisTOKY ov Tin: titnam i aaiii.y. 

niiriHMiUMit \\\c iin'c'linn- hi^loit' : ;uul Just ;is llu> s;ii(l l>ur- 
roiiiihs bogiin to iiivo in his iioooimts, tlu> ni:irsh:ill o;uno in, 
ami mIUm- m whilo wont np (o John l*uln;ini, S'', anil whispori'd 
to him, anil said Pnlnam said to him ' Vim know what yon 
liavo to {\o : th) yonr otlico' 'Tiion tlu* niarsliall oamo to Mr 
linrroujiiis anil said ' Sir, 1 havo a writinii' to road to yon.' 
ThiMi ho road tho attaohmont and domandod iioods, Mr r>nr- 
ron«ihs answon^d Mliat \\c had no iioods to show and that lu' 
Avas now rookonin^" with tho inhabitants, for wo know not yi'l. 
Avho is in doht hnt thoro was his hody.' As wo woro n>ady to 
«:(» ont ot" thi> nuH'tiiiii' honso, Mr liiirroiiohs said, ' W'oll, what 
uill you do with mo?' thon fhi' maishall wont to ,)ohn Pnt- 
iiam Sr. and said to him ' \\h:\{ siiall I iK)? ' Tho said I'ntnam 
ropliod, 'Von kni>w your husimvss.' And tlion tlu> saiil 
3*utnam wi'Ut to his hrothor Thiimas rulnam, and pulh'd i>im 
bythoooat; and thoy wiMit out of tho honso toiiothor, and 
l)rosontly canio in again. Thou said dohn Putnam 'Marshall 
tako your i)i'isonor, and Ikim' him u\) to tho onlinary [that is 
a imhiio honso] and soouro him till iho mornini:.' " 

(Siunod) " Nathaniol luiiorsoU, aijod about tifty 

Samuol Sibloy, aiiinl about twonty four." 

"To tho lirst of thoso, I, dohn Tutuam, Jr. tostify, boing- 
at tho mootiuii'." 

Aixajn — Thos. llaynos tostitioil, "aftor tlu> marshall had 
road John Putiiams attaohmont to Mr lUirrouuhs, thon Mr 
l>urroui;hs askoil Tut nam what moiioy it was ho attaohoil 
him t'or. ,Iohn Tut nam answiMod 'For tivo pomuls and 
odd monoy at Shii>i>oirs at Boston, and tor thirtoon shillinu's 
at his fathor (Jodnoy's and for twenty fi»ur shillings at jNlrs 
Darby's;' thon that Xathaniol Ingorstdl stood up and said, 
'Lioutonant, 1 wondor that you attach Mr Burroughs I'ortho 
monoy at harby's autl ymir fathor (ioduoy's whon to my 
knowlodgo, you and Mr Burroughs havo rookiuiod anil bal- 
anood aooounts t«vo or throo timos sinoo, as you say, it was 
duo, and you novor mado any montion ot" it whon you roi k- 
onod with Mr r>nrioni'hs." " 



.loliii I'lilii.'iiii iinswnrcd " I(, is Icim) jiikI I own il." .loliii 
J*iilii;iiii !iH (;li!iiriji;ui of (Ik; (UyMitiuUvM Ukj pi'cvioiis yijjir rop- 
r(;.s(!iil<;(l tli(} iiili!il)i(,iiiil,s. "Ah flicro w;is rojilly no (r.iHc 
a^^ HiiiTOii^^lis Mild as Uicva was <!V<!ii wliiN;!S(! pro- 
(!(5e(]ii)<(.s woi'O tiikin^j^ place;, a liaiaiKJc; (Jiic- liiii toiil^Iis, Uk; 
caHO was witluJi-avvii." 

From I/Im; ahovo W(! Iciani IIk; obsliiiaic cliaracU;!' oC .lolin 
]*iltiia(ii and lliost; vvlio sided willi liini. 

* Upliatn Hays, wi'iliii^j^ oC IIk; s(;(!n('. at, tin; ahovci d(!H(;ril)cd 
iri(i<!t,in<(, " \V(! can sc(! I.Ik; ^'^rini l((;ai"in^ of IIk; (lavalry li(;n- 
Icnaiil,, rioliii I'litnain, and ol' his ('ld(;i- hroliicir and pr(;d(;- 

(m;hh()I' in coniiMisHion I'lil, 1.1k; ohiol* li^^nrc; in ili(5 

^Tonp is IIk; just man vvIk) rose; and r(;l)ijk(;d the harsh arul 
r('pr<;h(;iisil)l<; pr()(;('(iur(! of tin; pow(;rriil landiiolder, n(;i;^h- 
l»or and (Vi<'nd lliuii'jli lie was. 'I'li<; niMnncr in whicii I.Ik; ar- 
hilrary trooper howed lo IIk; r(;l)iik(;, if it do(!S not mili;^at(! 
IIk; res(;iilirK;nt oC his eoiidnct, illustrates IIk; (;xtraor<linaiy 
inlliK;iie(; of Nalhani(;l Iii^r^'isoll's <;hara(;t(;r and (hunoii^trates 
the; d(;rer<;ne(; in which all nieii hold him." IJnrroii^^hH lived 
Avith .John I*iitnain iiIik; months in j«)8() after his lii-st eomiiiu^ 
into th(; H(;ttlenK;iit ." 

Another troiihh; in whieli John Putnam look a l(;adiii^'' part 
was the matter o(" the; bomids l)(;tw(!en Salem and 'ro[)sli(dd. 
TlieiH; was a strip of territory elainK;d l»y both towns. This 
land had Ix'eii ^rianted tr) Hcttlers hy Salem who liad»tak(;ii 
up tlK;ii- farms in <rood faith. 'rops(r(;Id <;laim(;d these; lands, 
imimprov(!d and improved, as part of its (!ommonH and re- 
i'liseej to aeknovvled<i;(; tin; titlen <^iv(;n hy Sahuii. 'riK;r(; \V(;r(; 
many lights in tin; disputed teirilory l)etwe(;ii Hk; p(;oj)l(; of 
tin; two towns and nnieh had f<;(;lin<^ <;xist<;d. 

.John I'utnam with two of his soiih had land tliert; and had 
two hoiis<;s, orchards and meadows in the; dispiit(;d territory. 
]I(; maiiilain(;d his jj^ronnd throii^^hont the; dispute;, roHistin*^ 
fo )•<;(; with force. 'I'ho n;eords are; full of this dispute! ; il^waH 
finally He;ttle'd ]>y a sejparate; township l)e;in^ fe)rm(;el, e;alle;el 

" l'.iiniiiif.'li-i wiiH mil, n clijiriictisr (wiHJIy k"",i'Ii :i\(iiii^ willi iiufl ri'|ioiU of Uk; triiiildcH 
h(;Uv<;(;ii Iiih wjIc mikI liliiihcll' liavt; r.'iiin: down lo uh. 


Middleloii. Tlie nt-tioii t;ikt>n by John rutiuini in these mat- 
ters shows him to have been a man without tear and tenacious 
of his rights. 

His opponents in both of these cases were, however, amonuj 
the accused during the witchcraft dehision. but I do not think 
that John Putnam used his intluence au:ainst them. He does 
not seem to have apj)eared as a witness of any moment duriiii; 
the proceedings, although he was moi'e or k'ss prominent as 
siiown above, in the quarrels immediately preceding the trial.-*. 
That ho did not believe in all of the statements of the af- 
flicted children is evident, as his name, with that of his wife, 
occurs on the document testifying to the good character of 
Ivebecca Nurse, and on testimony favorable to others of those 
accused, but he seems never to have spoken out in open op- 
position, as did his nephew, Joseph Putnam. 

The will of eJohn Putnam is not on record ; he seems to 
have disposed of his })roi)erty by deed to his children. As 
early as 1(590 he deeds (me hundred acres to Jonathan and 
to James, and in l()i)5, ninety acres to John. 

His residence was on the farm originally occu})led by his 
father, now better known as Oak Knoll, the home of the poet 

Rev. Josei)h Green makes the following note in his diary : 
"April 7 (1710). Captain Putnam buried by ye soldiers." 
Timi graves of both Captain John and ot his father are un- 
marked. The present Wadsworlh Cemetery was originally 
the Putnam burial place and in some of the many unmarked 
graves probably their remains lie. Here are buried the fam- 
ilies of his sous riaines and Jonathan and many others of his 
descendants in later irt'uerations. The oldest stone is dated 
1(582, and is that of Elizabeth the tirs-t wife of Jonathan 
Putnam. All of the graves seem to have had at some time 
head stones and foot stones but most are now broken otf level 
AvitU the ground, INIany of those still standing are broken. 
Although the cemetery was presented to the parish by Rev. 
Mr. AVadsw^orth, no care is taken to preserve the ancient me- 
morials of the dead.. A shameful state of affairs, indeed I 


III. 9 Ann (Thoman, John), born in S.ilem Village 25- 
6-1G45 ; man ied there Jan. 18, 1006-7, William Tiask of 
Salem, baptized Salem, 19-7-1640, son of Captain William 
and Sarah Trask. She died 14-9-1676. 

William Tiask maiTied, second, Hannah . His will is 

dated 5 Sept., 1690; proved 30 Jnne, 1691. In this instru- 
ment he mentions his daughters, Hannah Brooks, Sara, Su- 
sanna, Elizabeth and Mary Trask ; sons, William and John 
undei'Mge; wife Hannah and son William to be executors; 
broth<;r John Trask, brother Thomas Putnam and Edward 
Flint to be overseers. 

Children born at Salem : 

35 Ann, b. 7 Juno, 1G08. 

30 Elizauktii, b. March, 1009-70; d. young. 

37 Sara, b. 14 June, 1072. 

38 William, b. 7-7 mo., 1074. 
3!) Susannah, b. 3-0-1070. 

Children by Hannah: 

Maiiy, b. March, 1083. 
GKOiUiK, b. Jan., lO'JO. 

Captain William Trask, one of the earliest settlers, had the 
ffjllowing children, viz. : 

1 Sakah. 

2 Maky, bapt. 1-11-1030. 

3 Susanna, bapt. 10-1038. 

4 William, bapt. l'J-7-1040. 
6 John, bapt. 13-7-1042. 

6 Eliza, bapt. 21-7-1045. 

7 Maey, bapt. 2 Oct., 1052. 

8 Ann, bapt. 18 June, 1054. 

Of these we have seen that William married Ann Putnam. 



Sara niarrioil tlio soci»ml Klias Parkman and floliii niarriod 
Abigail Parkiuan, probaMy his sister. For intorosting tacts 
coiu'oniini; tiic wrilinii- of 'Tutiiaiir' I'or "Parkinair' on Con- 
noc'tinit Colonial Ivocords, see appendix under "Elias Pnt- 

III. 12 Sergt. Thomas (77/(W^(?n, Jo/iu), born at Salem, 
]l)_l_U;,-)i) ; baptized at First Chureh 1 (J-ri-Hi")^ ; died in 
Salem, 24: May, l()t>J); married, 1*5-9-1(578, Ann, youngest 
daughter of" (leoige and Elizabeth Carr of S:disbury, born 
there 15 June, KUU ; died at Salem \illage, 8 June, UJiU). 

Children born in Salem Village : 

40 Ann, b. 18 Oct., IC?*.). 

41 Thomas, h. D l'\b., UiSl : b:ipt. 1st Oli.. Saloiu. Aiiij., 1C>81 ; iiijed 

14 aiul upwanls, 4 8t'pl., Idit;), wlu'U ho clioosi's his cousin, 

Jolin rutiiain, jr., as jiuardian. 
42 Ki.i/.Aiuan, b. I'D May, ItiS;?; bapt. 1st Ch., ^lay, 1(:S4; agod 14 and 

upwards, in 170'-'; yuanliansliip to .Jonathan I'utnani. 
4;'. Enr.NK/.KK, b. 25 .Inly, 1(185; bajit. Oct., ICSo; 10 (,>ct.. ICi)'.), ai;cd 14, 

appoints his uncle Edward, uuardian. 

44 PkmvkkaNCK, b. 11 Se|>t., I(i87; bapt. 1st Ch.. 1 .luly, lt>SS; not 

mentioned in lier sister Ann's will, 1715, presumably dead; Rev. 
Jos. Green in Ids diary notes the funeral of "Deli rutuam" un- 
der date of Dec. ol, 1712. 
44a Thomas rntnanTs child; d. 17 Dec, KiSD, not quite four mos. 

45 Timothy, bapt. in Salem Villajic, 2(i April, 1('>;>1. 

4G Exi'KUiKNCK, bapt. at Salom Villajrt', 20 Nov., U!i>8; m. David, son 
of Isaac and Sarah (^Emery) Bailey, b. 12 Dec, li!87. and nephew 
to Kev. .lames UaiUy. who m. Mary, sister of .\nn (CarrH'utnam, 
died before 1722, Ch. David, who piobubly il. previous to 
1722; Elizabeth, Jonathan, Nathan. Expeiionco (^Tutnam) Bai- 
ley received a legacy from her uncle, Joshua Bay ley, in 1722. 

47 AuiUAU., bapt. Salem Village, oO Oct.. U!i>2 ; aged ;>, 23 April, 1702, 

guarilianslup to John rntnam, 8d. 

48 Susanna, b. I(!it4; bapt. Salem Village, 20 Nov., UU>8. 

4Sa (Perhaps there was another daughter; " U!;»4. Aug. 22, Sarah, 

daughter of Thomas Butnam dieil, ("> mos.; "old ivcord.' ") 
4;) Skth, b. May, l(!i»5; bapt. in Salem Village. 

"With the exception of Deliverance, all of the above named children, wore 
alive in 1715. (See Ann Putnam's will.) 

Skhot. Tho.^ias Putnam had received a hberal education 
fur his times, but with others whom we should call more en- 












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lil2;li((MHMl, li(^ look ;i mosl, pi-omiiiciil, pari, in tliii wilclKM-al'l, 
(li^liisioii ollltllj, l)Miri; in Cu!!,, siusond to nono but l*arris in 
Mid (Vii'y willi wliicli Ini sihuuvA (o lorrct, onl. tJus victims of his 
yoiinii,' (laM^lit(M's insane (l(^sii-(> Cor notoiict \'. His wilo also 
took ii |)roniin(Mit part in tliosci proctuMliniis. Slu* was \]\() 
sisl(u- of Mary CJarr, wile; of Mr. Jaiiu^s li.iyK'y, wlioso min- 
istry at tlui villago was tlio (!ans(» ol" so much disscmsion luid 
which indircM-tly achh^l to Iho hitt(Maii)ss ol" the wit(^hci"al"t 

By nal nrc, Mi"s. I'ninam was a wom m ol" a hii;!ii\- sensitive 
lcni|)(!ranicnt, a|)j)arcntly (Easily wrought upon and d(M;civ(Ml. 
'rh(! (lirrs seem all t,o hav(i been ratiua" wciak in that r<'sp(U!t, 
aIthon<;h of s^'ood social posiiion. 

Scr<r(\ant Pntnam, on llic; contrary, was of a d(!cisiv(^ and 
ol)slinal(i nature ; lu; had L;reat inllnen('e in Ihe viliai^'e and did 
not hesita,l(5 to ns(5 it; he had Ixien in the Narra;j;-ansett li<!:iit, 
l)elon<^(M| to the (company of troopers and was parish chirk. 
Many of the records ol' tlie witchcralt pi'oiu^odinujs are in his 
hand, lie wrote a line;, (dear and Ixtaulil'nl hand. 

It was in th(i hous(\s of ScM'i^t. Thomas and ol" Rev. Mr. 
I'arris that tiu! "Ix^vitcluMl" (children lirst mot to a(!(!ompIish 
their pranks. In the "circle" wvi'v, the dani^htcn* Ami, and a 
maid-servant ol Mrs. Ann INilnam, Mary Lcnvis by naiiM!. 

AfUiiwai'd, at the trials of tiu! ac(UiS(M| persons, Mrs. Put- 
nam was oltcai seiztMl with stiani^c! attacks of imai^inal ion, 
evidcmtly prodiUHid by tlu5 over-excili^ment and (^oiise(|U(!nt 
strain on her brain. At tll(^se times slu^ was a prominiMit wit- 
ness, but allc^r tiiis was all over and Pan is was atti^mptinuj 
to retain his hold on the parish and to dick(ir with llu^ iiihabi- 
lants ov(!r terms ol" settlement , she; seems t,o haves refuscul to 
him Uvv aid or encoiiraircnicnt . 

'I'hat SiM'^^cant Putnam and probal)ly his wile wvvc, lii'in Ix!- 
Ii(ivers in the whole matter tluM-e seems to be but little (h)ubt. 
lie showed a lamentable! laitk ol" ('omnion seiisi^, but so did 
many others. TIk^ strain was too much lor him and he died 
shortly allerlhe Irials; his wil'i; I'oIIowcmI him t-o IIh; <i,rav(5 a 
lew weeks later. 


III. 13 Deacon Edward ( Thomas, Jolm), hoi-n ;it SalcMii 
Vilhige ; h.'iptized in Stileni, 4 July, 1654 ; died at Salcni Vil- 
laoe, 10 March, 1747; niaiTicd 14 June, 1()81, Mary Hale. 
His will is dated 11 March, 1731, proved 11 April, 1748, "Ed- 
ward Putnam of Middleton, yeoman." Mentions his wile Mary, 
sons Kdward, Josej)h, I^'Jisha, K/i-a, Isaac, dan<2,hters Piaidenco 
and Abigail, granddaughters Klizabeth and Anna Flint. 

Children : ' 

50 Kdwakp, b. 20 April, ](;82; hapt. at Salem cliurcli, Oct., 1082. 

51 lloiA'uKK, b. 28 Sept., l(J8a; killed by the Indians at Dunstable, 

3 July, 170(). 

52 Ki.isiiA, b. 3 Nov., 1(!85; d. at Sutton, 10 Jan., 1745. 

53 Joseph, b. 1 Nov., 1(;87. 

U Maky, b. 14 Aufj., l(;8i) ; bapt. at 1st Cli., Salem, Oct., 1080 ; d. before 
172(!; m. 8 Jan., 1713, Thomas, son ol'C'aptain Thomas and Mary 
(l)aunton) Flint of Sak^iu, b. 20 Aui,'., 1(!78. Cli. : Edward, b. 12 
June, 1714 ; d. July, t714. Elislia, b. 22 July, 1715 ; m. '*H Jan., 
1744, Miriam Putnam. Elizabeth, ni. 17 June, 1735, Tiionias Dor- 
man. Anna, ni. a Baker. Tliomas Flint was a I'armer in Danvers 
and had three wives; his first beinj? Lydia Putnam (No. 137) 
whom lie m. 6 Jan., 1704, and whod. 31 Aug., 1711. His third was 
, Mrs. Abigail Gan>on, whom he m. 1 Sept., 172(5. There were 
four chihlren by his Urst, none by his third wile. His will was 
proved 11 July, 1757. (Flint Genealogy.) 

55 Prudknck, 1). 25 Jan., l()i)2; m. 3 Dec, 1710, WiUiani, son of Wil- 
liam and Prudence (Putnam) Wynian of Woburn, b. 15 Jan., 
1085; d. 1753. Five cliildren : Elizabeth, b. 27 Dec, 1720. Nehe- 
niiah, b. 25 June, 1722; m. Elizabeth Winne. This Neheniiah 
and Elizabeth had a son Abel, b. between 1745-1751, who. m. 
20 Oct., 1772, Rnth Putnam, whod. 20 Aug., 1812. Mary, b. 
18 July, 1724. Francis, b. 6 Aug.; 1726. Stephen, b. 27 Aug., 
1732. (See Wynnni Genealogy in preparation by Jos. G. VVyman.) 

50 Nkiucjiiaii, b. 20 Dec, 1003; bapt. at the village 1003-4. 

57 E/.ka, b. 20 A[)r., 1(>00. 

58'b. 14 March, 1008; d. in Sutton. 

50 Anic.Aii., bapt. Salem Village, 20 May, 1700; d. in Lunenburg, Jan., 
1704; ni. in Middleton, 11 Nov., 1730, Joseph (b. 7 Aug., 1705; 
d. in Mitliileton while on a visit from Lunenburg, 5 Jan., 1709), 
son of Thomas and Elizabeth (Andrews or Kuxton?) Fuller, of 
Middleton. Ch. : John, b. in Middleton, 15 Sept., 1731; d. Feb., 
1801; prominent in Revolution, known as "Captain John Ful- 
ler." '- Neheniiah, 1). in Midilleton, 2(; Jan., 1733. Stephen, b. in 
Middleton, 11 Jan., 1735. Mary, b in Mitldleton, 15 Aug., 1736. 
Elizabeth, b. in Lunenburg, 13 May, 1730.. On 8 April, 1739, 

'■■' Miss E. Aborcrombic autlioiity on I'ulk-r, also Mrs. Averill. 


Al)it(iii), (liuijilitcrof Deacon Kdward I'littiarri, and wife of Joscith 
P'ulliT, received letters of dismissal to tlie fhurcii in Lnnenbnrf^; 
tiiese were accepted there on i:> May, same year. 

DiOACON Kdvvaim) Putnam w;i.s u riuiii iniicJi r(!S|)('(!t('(l ;im(1 
loved hy liis nei<i;lil)()rH. JI(; was niado fi'ccniMn in IfJDO, 
and on '4 l>(;c., 1()90, was chosen deacon of llu; First 
Clmi'eli in Danvers. His naini; stands second in tlx; list of 
deacrons, Naiiianiel Inj^cTsoll liaviiif^ been appointed on tho 
1 Dec, KJIiO. Fioni KilJO to 187G, one linndrod and 
ei<^lity-Kix years, tli(;)'e have l)een in all twenty-five deacons 
in this clinr(;h, of whom fourteen have borne the name of 
Putnam.''^ Like all of th(! family, Ik; was a farmer, and in 
his will styled himscilf "y(;omaii." His farm was in what is 
now known as Middlcton, hut in tin; last y(!ars of his life he 
occupied a hoiis(! not far from tlx; cluirch at the villa<i:e. Dur- 
ing the wit(;h(;raft troubles he was a member of the pui'ty 
which bron<^ht char^^es ai^ainst so many innocent i)eo[)le. His 
whole course, however, shows that he acted only as he believed 
was I'ight and good for the community. As soon as tho ^drls 
were declai'ed bewitched, h<5 i'<?paircd to the house of his 
brother and th(!re proc(!cded to examine tiuMU in order to as- 
certain wh<;th(M' or not tiusy were; truthful in their <leclara- 
tions. His own innocence of all wrong is shown by the ease 
with which he was deceived. After a thorough examination 
Ik; was convinced that the girls wer(; Ixnvitched and then did 
what he considered his duty. His action, howevei', in the |)ro- 
ceedings was never bitter or vehemtiut ; he mei-<;ly testilied 
as to what he had seen and to what appeared to him to be 

" The meol,ing-lioiifle of this society has rec.enUf (Feb., 1890) been destroyed by 
flre. This house was the sixtli erer.ted by tlie so(;lety. In 18S!), several families 
placed staineil memorial windows in the church, one of whicli was to ICoenezer I'ut- 
nam, Ksq., but on !i.'{ July ol Ihit yea: , many of these were injin'ed. The list of J*ut- 
nams oIllcialiiiK as deacriiis ih as IoIIowk, tlie Ih-Mt date Ikmmj; that of their election, 
the la-l that of tlieir death : Kdward, J(il/0-1747; Benjamin, ]709-l714 ; KIcazer, 17Im-J7;j2; 
NaUianicl. 17:{l-17r)t ; Archelaiis, ]75(i-]7r)'j ; Samuel, jr., I7r)7, rcmoveil to I>unciil)urj<; 
Asa, l7(;ii-i7H"); Kdmiind, 17i;.'-IHlO; .id(!on, l7S5-lhl(); Daniel, ]7'.i5-lH01 ; Joseiih, ISOii- 
]SlH;,)aineH, l«07-lsl'.t; Klon, IH.O-IWJI ; KljiMiezer, 1H45-1K1H; William It., ISOl. 

Since writing the above, the (-o<;iely has dedicateil, in Sept., JS!)],a hue new slruc,ture. 
There are several memorial windows, the fatnily being well represented. 


iiisih)i:y of tiik rurN.vM family. 

1( WMs s()iiu'\vli:it ran' in tli()S(> days to llnd mumi with any 
lit(Mar\' ability ()iitsi(liw)i" tilt' Miiiiistry, hut. hMward Putnaiu 
had had a i^ood odiicatioii and was oviddutly fond of his 1)0()U>4 
and of writinii'. He cx[)ross(Hl himsolf in a rat hoi- ornatii sty hi 
of laniiiiam'. Tlii' followini;' is a fair ivvainplc, iVoni tlu^ rec- 
ords of llio cluirch, in his own handwiit ini:;. This tributi^ is 
to tlui nu'inoiy of the Kcv. Joseph Ciirecn who died 2() Nov., 

"Then was the ehoii-est llower and i^reenest olive freo ill 
the ii;artlen ol our (iod her(^ cut down in its prime and llour- 
ishiuii" estate at the ai^e of forty years and two days, who had 
been a faithfid anihassador iVoni CJod to us eiohtt'en years. 
'Then did that l)iii:ht. star set, and never more to appear hero 
amonii' ns ; tlu'U did our sun ino down, and now what dark- 
ness is i-onie upon us ! I*ut away and pardon oui' iniciuities, 
() liord ! which have hecu the cause of our sore dis[)lo!isuro, 
and retuin to us ai^ain iit n\ercy, and [)iovi(K^ yet au:ain for 
this th\' Hock a pastor alter thy own heart, as thou hast prom- 
ised to th\' i)eopl(* in thy word : on which promise we have 
hope, for wearecalltHl by their name, autl, oh, leave us not!" 

l)eac()n I'Mward was also the lirst historian and genoalo- 
oisl of our family. llis accou4il wiiltcn in fT.),") is the bnsis 
upon which all of like naturt'haxi' been fouiuU'd. From this 
pt-riod is ti'aci'd the tradition of the cmii^ration in It),")-!, al- 
thouiih thert'cords w^ould point lo a later date (1(5 10). 

l<\)r man\' iuterestinu' tacts (•oucerniui;" Di'acoii Mdwai'd Put- 
nam and his veneration, the reader is reterred to "Upham's 
Witilu-raft." in that work one will tind much of value to the 
ii'i'nealoi^ist as well as to tlu' historian, especially in regard lo 
t»ur own l"ainil\'. 


Ill llic uMinc of (Jod Amcii 1 l-'tlwaril rutunni of tlie 
town oi' !\li(l(llctoii in llic county iA' Mssc\ llnshaiuhiKin : I 
bciiij;' ortentiiiics sick vV; weak \n body Hut of perfect uiiiul 
& memory : lilofsed be Goil for it Aiul (,*alliii<;" to mhul the 


iiiortiillity of my liody. AihI IIi;i1, it in for ;ill 
iiini once lo l)ic. l)(> ii);ik(! TIiIh iriy liiHt Will &; 'r{!Ht!un<!iit, 
(:iii(| <l() licrcliy icvf^kc. And rriMl<(! Void i^ Null ;dl forriicr 
Wills Ai 'rcsliimciilK licrcloroi'c hkhIc hy iiic) 'I'liMt is lo Hiiy 
l)fiii(;i|):illy Mild liist of sdl, I give, iiiid l{(!(!(;M)iii(;iid iny Soul, 
into the, li:iiid of (J(;d, lliroii<:!,li .Jchiih Clirist iriy RcdccirKU' 
wifli wlioiiic I hope lo live, willi forever And my hody I 
eoniinill, to IIk; J^Mitli. 'J"o be buried in !i (Jliiistiiin lil<(; iHa 
J)ee<'nt niMnner, id, y(! Dilei'tition of my I'lxeenlors liercnricr 
nnmcd : Nothing' donbl in^ j'.ul, :d, Mic (icnciid licrincction 
to Jieeeivi! ye Huinc! !i<^!iin by tli(! ini^iity powerful' (jod And. 
siH toneliinj4' (ny worldy est!i,t(^ wlierevvitli it li:i,tli pleiifed (iod 
to bid's me vvi1li:ill in this life. I I)irp(»S(; of it in m:inn(;r 
t't IV^trni MS I'ollovvetli 

Jinp^ I <r\v(t to my son JvlvvMid 'i"o liim Mnd liis licii's Kxn'" <Si 
aHsij^nH foicvcr Abonlt; Ten Acres ol' hind .J<.»inin<4' his own 
h-ind Which Ik; liMd of me by m, d(;i;d of (iift suid IxTinj^ 
bonmlcd with m, s1m1<c Mnd m, h(;Mp of Bton(!H ))y the liij^hwHy 
tlitit goes from my liouHC to filH hoiiHC, Whi(;li h(!Mpof MtoneH 
m uIho this brother Ezru'H bound Murk; Miid from liis boiii:d 
iiiui'k upon u Stry/it line; over the; .SwM.m|) & phi in, till it 
coinciH wlu.'re the WMter ('omcs out of the Ishind info his 
Spong of rn<!Mdow 'I'lien from thnt phicc upon m, Struit line 
a crofn ye iHlnnd To a Ht^mi; liyin^ in Ipswic-h River at the 
phicc cMll.'d lh(! IndiMii H)'id<;(!. 

Jtem 1 ji,'ive Mml betjiieMth to my son Joseph To him his li(;irs 

Kxu''" <St Ml'sij^ns forever. A (! peiec; of h-md l^yin^- on 
tli(! VV(!St side; of IpHwieh Uiv(;r miuI eontMining' by (;stimM.- 
tion Twenty Acres be it moic; or less. To bctgin at ye Rivcir 
Mt llic liOwci' I'jhI of the Ishind bdonj^in;^ to th(! sons of 
.John riitnMni l>ec'' Mnd fr(;m Tluince to tin; top of th(; liigli 
hill Mnd S(^ upon the SMrru; line, till he me(!t with the land 
or liiK! of till! sons (»!' .loiiii I'litiiMiii Then to turn North 
westwMrd by 'J'heii' lin(; or hind till it (;o)iies to the hcMp of 
Stones on tin; Top of ye hill ncMr IIk; river Tli(!ii ho down 
the hill to the two Mcres of iiKtadow, which I bought of .John 
J'titiiMin Alsol give to my s<;n Joseph mJI tlnit nusMdow 
tliMt lyetli between this h'lnd Miid ye Riv(!r I give; him tlu; 
whole of my himl, iiphind i^ meadow Jv\cei)t tliMt two McreH 


of meadow tliiit I bought of John Pulnain which lyeth be- 
low this meadow that I have given to Joseph. 

Item I give and bequeath to my son Ezra Putnam To him his 
heirs Exec'"' & assigns forever a certain peice of land called 
ye Island on this side of the River To begin at the upper 
End of his brother Edward's Spongof meadow from thence 
he is to run upon a Strait line a crois the Island To a great 
stone lying in the river, at the place called the Indian Bridge 
which stone is also his brother Edward's bound Mark. Then 
he is to turn 8outhwestwai'd by the River Side Till he comes 
where the Island comes to the River ; Then along by the 
River side to ye Spong of meadow, And then to turn 
Northwestward by the Spong of meadow. Till he meets 
Avith his brother Edward's Spong where he began ; Also I 
give to my son Ezra my share of that land that 1 & Edward 
brouglit of Erancis Ellj^ott lying near to the Iron works as 
it Ij'eth Divided between him & his brother Edward. 

Also I give to my son Ezra my share in ye Iron works 
and that Ni'w liouse that I built for Coal 1 also give him 
my sliare of that house where ye Chimney is That I & 
Tho*" Cave & my son Edward built. 

Item I give and becjueath to my son Isaac Putnam To him his 
lieirs l^xec'"'' & alsigns forever Aboute ten acres of land on 
the hill called by the name/ of Bear hill and lying on the 
south side of the hill. Being bounded at the south west cor- 
ner, witli a stake & a heap of Stones And from there to 
run up the hill, P^astward to a Walnut tree marked ; Then 
to turn southeastward down ye hill to a White Oak Tree 
marked which Tree is his brother Edward's bound mark. 
Then to turn westward by ye land that my father gave to 
Joseph Stacie. Till he comes to a great rock ; Then along 
untill he conies to and meets with the land of Deacon Ebeu- 
ezer Putnam. Then uj) ye hill to ye bound mark first men- 

Item I give to my four sons (Namely) Edward, Elisha, Ezra 
and Isaac Putnam That meadow that lyes behind The Is- 
land every one of them shall have an equal share of it as 
near as they can This meadow Lyes below that meadow, 
that I gave to my son Ezra in his Deed of gift (His two 


acres in his deed of gift Sliall come down to tlic bounds 
there stated ; which is a heap of stones by the Ishxnd side. 
And so strait to the River To another henp of stones) This 
meadow which J give to my four sous, Shall begin below 
these bounds and the bounds shall be the bounds of their 
meadow at the upper end. The first share of this meadow 
shall be for Isaac. To begin at the bounds first mentioned 
and so downward. And next share shall be forKlinui, find 
the third share shall be for p:zra, and the fourth share shall 
be for Edward being at ye lower end. Plich of their shares 
shall come as strait as they can from the Jsland to tlie 

And I do hereby oblige my son Ezra by virtue of n)y will, 
that he shall sell his share of tliis meadow. To his brother 
Edward if he sees cauCe to buy it : and he shall lett him 
have it after the Rate of Ten pounds & acre of Palsable 

money of New England or Good Province Pills : And 

if P:dward will not give Him so then Ezra shall keep the 
meadow or sell it to any other whome he will. Only Ed- 
ward shall have one years Liberty after my Decease to Puy 
This meadow before that Ezra shall sell it. 
Item I give and bequeath To my Daughter Prudence Ten 
pounds in or as money (besides what Shee hath already had) 
and to be paid to her by my son Elisha Putnam and that in 
one year after my decease. 
Pem I give & bequeath my daughter Abigail Ten pounds in 
or as money (besides what shee hath already had) and to 
be paid to her by my son Isaac I'utnam and that in one 
year after my decease. 
Item 1 give and bequeath to my two Grand Daughter's (name- 
ly) Elizabeth Elint & Anna Flynt each of them five Pounds 
a piece ; in or as money (besides what I gave to their moth- 
er) and to be paid to them by my son Edward Puinam 
when tliey come to age of eighteen years old : And if either 
of them Die before That age the other shall receive ye whole 
of the ten Pounds. — 

Also my will is that my son Joseph shall pay Four Pounds 
to^his mother In or as money within one year after my de- 
cease end also twenty shillings to my grandson Elisha Flint 
within one year after my Decease 

46 msTOuv OF nir. pi'tnam family. 

Also niY uill is Hint my wit'o Shall h;n\> tho K;ist oiul o( 
my house to OwoU in :unl slioo shall havo the luwanl Col- 
lar and tlu> whole o( the llouso npwurtl above it : And One 
half o\' the C.arden ; 
And .Mso niv will is that my t\>nr sons (Xaniely) Kdward. 

Klishn, Joseph »Sr Isaac Shall pay to their mother tifty 
shillinii's a year in or as money That is : That each of them 
pnv tifty shilliuiTs a pieee ; To their mother yearly if shee 
call for it, at their hand, for her need, or if others see shee 
need it & call for it for her relief, they shall surely brinu- 
it for her relief in due season And this no longer than shoe 
ren\ains my \vidi>w. 
Item iNIy Will farther is that my son Ezra shall suitably Pro- 
vide for his mother Thiuiis Comfortably for her and Con- 
venient lor her support while she IJemains my widow : He 
shall provide vt briuir in those thiuiis for her In due season 
hereafter named nutl that yearly, lie shall provide for lier 
Suitable tirewood vS: brim:- it into her house for her He 
shall provide for her vS; briuii' her in Ten bushells of Indian 
j\Ieal And two bushells of Kuiilish Meal and four bushells 
of ii'ronnd INIalt and four barrillsof good Cyder and thul the 
barrills ; and as many apples as she shall see cause; and he 
shall bring her in nine or ten score weight of good pork an- 
nually, and he shall Keep her two Cows Winter vS: Summer 
and no Longer than shee remains n\y widow 
Item 1 give to my sou Ezra my part in the great Timber chain. 
I also give my Cro-ss cutt Saw to my three sous Edward Jo- 
seph v*^ Ezra, and the rest of .my tools I leave to them to 
divide among themselves 

I Als(^ give my cane to my son Edward 
I Also give to my son Edit'lia my great Bible 
I Also give to n\y son Joseph a Hook of Mr Jeremiah 
Burror's Works. 

1 Also give to my son Isaac a book of Mr Flavel's ■works. 

And the rest of my books shall be at my wifes disposal 

Also I give to my sou .loseph my Girdle & Sword 

Item ]My will farther is That I give to ^lary mv lieloved wife 

Whome 1 make Kxec^ Together with my son Ezra To this 

my last will and Testament : 

1 uive to mv beloved wife all mv moveable estate Both 




witliiii Door it wilJioiil, Door. ;ih to iiiovcniilc, estate witliout 
Dor 1 iiieari as to Cnttle Sheep or Swine : Yet not witli stand- 
ing I give to my son p^zra My Desk & that Box where in 
tliere is so many Writings; And what moveable estate shall 
))(' left oF mine vvitiiin Door after my wifes Decease (undis- 
posed oi" by her) Shall Kcpially be divided between iny two 
Dangliters Prudence and Abigail 

My will also is that my wife's pew in tlic; Villagi; Meet- 
ing honse shall b(! long to my son .loscph 

My will Alio is 'i'hat as to my funeral Cliarges My Son 
Kzra shall bear tlm One; lialte of it and my other four sons 
Shall bear ye oilier halfi! e(]nally between th(UM ; As to my 
Wearing Appa nil I I leave; it to my wif(! to Dispose of _> t 
among my sons as she shall scse litt. 

And now to Conclude; This my last will and 'I'cstanicnt ; 
And 1 Now Nominate & Ai)point Constitute & Ordain Maiy 
my beloved wife and Ezra my son. To be sole l^>xecutors 
To this my last will & Testa-ment ; 

And In Witnefs whei'cof I Have Hereunto Sett my hand 
& Seal this eleventh day of March One; Thousand Seven 
liundred and Thirty and One 

Signed Sealed i)ublishcd 
& Declared by me Testator 
Edward Tutnam Sen To be 
My last Will & T(!stamcnt 
In ])reHence of 
Tho^ Fuller 
Jon" Fuller 
Tho Putnam 

JOdwaki) Putnam Sen. 

J Proved Ap|)roved and Al- 
lowed a( Ipswich April I I"' 
i71H P,efore Hon' Tho" Ber- 
ry Es(| .ludg(\ of I'robate 

III. 14 Deliverance (77/()/ii(fs, ,A>//y/), born In Saic^ni 
Villa<;o, 5-7-lG5(;; iiiarncd, 2;j April, l(;.S5, .Jonatlian VVal- 
cott of Salorn Village, who died K; Dec, \i'y'M). 

Jonatlian Wah-ott was u n)an of llic liiglicst rcsi)c<'ta,l)ility, 
and was cxciuulingiy po|)ular. lie had JM^Id l.lio positions of 
chaplain of the tioop of liors(! and deacon in the ohiii'ch. Al- 
though he had opposed the violent measures at the Villag(!, 
just.previinis to the witchcraft delii«ion, during the attempts 

48 lusroia ov riii'. rriN.vM i'.\>m.Y. 

to st>ltK> :i minister, lu> siuMUs {o Ii;i\i> l)i>lit>voil tilol•()Il^•lll y (lu> 
si ori OS ()!' tlio u'irls. oiumW" wliom was liis own dnu^iilor, Mary, 
llo siHMUs Id havo invest i<::aU>tl niallors luit Ixmiil:,- vimv niiirh 
uihUm- the authiM-ity o( the chuii'h, was easily prejiuru'i'il ami 
alUMwartl was piiMuiuont in llio wilcluaal'l (rials. llo hail 
inarriotl, on tlio -('■> Jan.. 1(U!,'>, Mary, claiiiihtor ot",K>lin Sil)- 
li'\ , w ho ilioil "J^ l>oo., ll!8,">. ami by hor ho luul tho followini^- 
I'hiKlrcMi : 

(.MiiKlron ol" Jonathan aiul Mary Wah'otI : 

.loUN. 1> 7 1Vh\, XCaW". 

U.vNNAU. h. (I 10 It'.t'.r. 

.loN.viii.vN, b. I 8t'pt. . ItlTO. 

.losKiMi. I). -'r>-7-Ui7;>; <i. .'H>.1mu'. li^l. 

M.vUY. b. .">-,") -Iti 7. ">; oiu' of llic •'iitHu-ti'ii <iirls" in li'.'.tL'. Slu> \v:is 

iitUTWiiVil niarrioil miuI mMIIciI in Woburn. 
Samvki., b. \-2 Ool.. lti7S; 11. (,\ 1(;;'S. 

ChiKhon ot' Jonathan ami Polivoranoo (^rnlnani) ^^^•lU^)U : 

(10 .\NN, b. '2' .Ian., UlSat:. 

(!1 'riu>MAS, b. -"> MhioIu ll!S8; d. .'• ■Iiino. Iik^S. 

(I'J 'rm>MAS. b. r>,hiin', l(!8l). 

c;? WuiiAM, b. •J7 i-k;;)!. 

(U Kr.KNK/.icK. b. i;> Apr., l(;i»;5. 
(!,"> Ukn.iamin, 1i. -15 Apr., 1 (!;>,">. 
lit! Vkoimcnck, b. 10. Inly, liii»it. *; 

III. 16 PrudoUCO {'r/i'^Dias, (Jo/in), horn in S.aloni \'il- 
l.iii'o I'S-l --1(?1>1--J. was liviiiii- in Charlostown, 1 71,") ; nrir- 
rioii. first, \\' illiani. son of Franois and Al)ii:ail (^ Ivoail ) Wyinaii 
ol" ^^'ohurn wh() was horn ahonl lt>,")i>and Jio^l in ITlK"). llo 
was adniitlod FroiMuaii in ItiJ'O, 

C'hiUlron : 

(57 Wu.l.lAM, b. IS, il. 'JO ,l;<n.. li'.Sl'-;?. 

08 riuKKNOK, b. '.'(! IVh". li'ss;!; ni. "JS Jnno. 1701. Jacob Winn, jr., of 
Wobnrn. j^Sco ScwalTs lli-t. ol' NWibnrn. ^ 

(>!' Wu.iiAM. b. 1,'> Jan., ItvS.'i; m , for his ^oi'ond wilV, rrntlonoe dan. 
t>r Kd\vai\l and Mary ^^llaU •^ ruiuani ^No. 7>.">V llo was of Wo- 
burn and il. 17.">;>. 

70 Thomas, b. .;> An^., u;87 ; of IVlhani, N. 1!. 

71 F.i.i/Ar.Ki'u, b. r> Jnly, U;8!>; d. l.'.'> Jniio, ItiOO. 
«2 FU.VMCIS, b. 10 July. Uilil; Jived in Maiuo. 

JOSEPH (tiiomah) i'utnam. 49 

7.1 .JoHiiiJA, 1). ;i ,Iiui., l(;;)2-:{; in., I,st, Mary I'olliud; iii., 2\u\, Miiry 
Green, H July, llil. 

74 A OAi;., I). 1094 and <l. yoinif,'. 

75 Edwaiu), b. 10.Jan. J01)r>-(;; of IN^lliani, N. II. 
70 EijzAnKTii, \>. H; Feb., ](;97-H. 

77 I)KLiVKUANCic,)).28 Feb., 1700; m. 1 Jan., 17:!2, KzekK;! (Um\u'j;, jr., 

of Lynn. 

78 Jamich, b. K; Mar., 1702; of Maine. 

Mrs. Prii(l(!iico (PiiImmmi) Wyiii;in iii:iiTi(!(I I'ov ;i hocoik] 
liiishiind Captain Pot,(!r Tiiris orCliarloHtovvii. 'I'lui articles of 
covcjiaiit to marry witli liitii worcMJatod 1 1 ,Jmi(!, 1717. Peter 
Tufts was son of Pet(5r a,ii(l Mary (Pic^rcc!) Tiirts of (Jliarles- 
tovvii and was horn ahoiit U\4H. He died 20 Sept., 1721, ;i<»-ed 
7li. His hrotiier, fJoliii Tufts, had married Mary daii^ditcu- of 
Joiiii Putnam, jr. (Japt, Peter Tufts had been married twice 
pr(?viotis to his marria«j^e with Prudence Wyman : first, to 
MMzalxith Lynd(; ; siicond, to Mercy (Jotton. 

III. 17 Joseph (Thomas, John), horn in Sah)m Villa.^a! 
11 Sei)t., KiO!); di(!d th(u-(! 1724-5. Will dated 15 Mai", 
1722-3, wife Kli/ahcitli to he executrix, mentions sons Wil- 
Mam, David and Israel minors, dau<^hters Mary and Klizaheth 
Putnam, dau<j;hter Sarah Brown, daughters Rachel, Anna 
and Iluldah Putnam, minors, and Mehitahle. II(! marricid 
21 April, !()!)() (Sahiui town r(!(;ords), KlizMlx^th, d.aughtcir 
ol Isracil and Kli/aheth (llathornej I'ortei", of Salem Villao-e, 
horn 7 Oct., 1(;7;'> ; died 174G. 

The motlKU' of Mrs. Kli/aheth (Port(!r) I*ntnam was sist(!r 
to Hon. John Ilathoi-ne, the witchcraft judge. Mrs. Eliza- 
beth (Porter) Putnam married, second, 15 May, 1727, (Jap- 
tain Thomas Perley of Boxford. " 20 July, 17:50, i*:ii/;i,b(;th 
Putnam, alias Perley, ex'trix, returns on will of Jos<!ph Put- 
nam, paynKiiit of higac-ies to John an. I KmcImsI Ij(!a,ch, Jona- 
than Putnam jr. in virtue of his vvif(! lOlizaboth, dauirht(!r of 
Jose[)h : Jos(![)h, Jethro and Amia Putnam, Kleaz(!r .and Sarah 
Brown, Israel Andrews, grandson of said Ma,ry Putnam, 
Kunice l*utnam." — Jjjssex I*robute. 


('hiKlivu : 

7:> M.\i;y, 1i. l' Kch.. 1(".!H) 1 (^Salcm town records) ; l)apt. in Saloni. Apr,, 
It'i',"!.' (^Isl CU. w'c): 111. 1710, Uarlholomow ruliKUU (No. 147). 

so Kii/. utivni, b. \'2 Apr., ICdii (Saloiu town rocOrd.s) ; bapt. Salem, 
L'l I\i!iy,, l(:!»l; 111. rJFoh.. 17M-1.">, JonaMian rutnam (No. Ml). 

vSl Sauaii, h. L'(! Sept. , 1(!;)7 (Saloiu town records); hapt. Salem, 'Ji; 
,luiie. l(!!tS; m. 7 Dec, 171(), Eleazer (Henvij,^ llenry,^ (tVorj/c'), 
Uiowii of Salem (see No. ;W) ; in 17;^0 was a party to a deed, 
"with her brother Israel rutiiam both of Salem." Ch. : IVlehilabie, 
bapt. '21 ,)iiue, 17i;l. Kli/.ahetli, bapt. ;iO July, 17'J1. Hannah, 
bapt. r> Jan., 17'J;M. Joseph, bapt. OOcl., 17i.'(;; ni. a Towne. 
William, bapt. IC Mar., U'2S-\). Mary, bapt. 11 ,Nov., 17;51. 
Elea/.er, bapt. 2i Feb., \7X\-L Asa, bapt. 5) May, 17;U1. Sarah, 
bapt. 21 Sept., MWS. Uebeeea, bapl. IC Au-i., 1711. All bapt. 
in Danvers. 

82 Wii,i.\.v:m. 1). 8 Feb.. 1700; bapt. (No. rnrisli. nanvers^. II July, 
1700; m. 171*;?, Eli/.nbeth Pntnam. 

S;! Kaoiiki.. b. 7 Anii'., 1702: bapt. (No. \\, ]).) 1'7 Sept., 1702; m., 1st, 
172;?, .lohn Trask ; m., 2nd. before 17;>0, John Leach ; botli Uvini; 

SI Annk. b. 2(; Apr., 1705; bapt. (No. l'., D.) 2l,liine. 170.'>; m. 172(;, 
.letliro Fiilnain (No. 15;?); both livinii 1740. 

85 Davio, b. 25 Oct., 1707; bapt. (No. F., U.) 2(; Oct.. 1707; colonel. 

8(! EviMOK, b. i;? Apr., bapt. (No. F., P.) IS Apr., 1710; m. 20 Sept., 
17;U. Thomas Ferley. son of Oapl. Thos. ;'* d. 2 Feb., 17S7. IIo 
d. 28 Sept., 17!)5. Ch. : UuUlah. b. i;? Feb.. 17;n-2; m. Joshua 
Cleaves of Heverly. lU'beeca, b. 12 Jan., 17;]3-4; d., iinni., 22 
Auj>-., ISi;?. Israel, b. 2 July, 17;?S; m. Flizabeth Moores. settled 
on St. John's River. N. U. Mary, b. 4 June, 1741 ; \n. John IVa- 
body of HoxI'ord. Olive, b. ;U1 July. 174;?. 'riiomas. b. li) June, 
174(>; m. Sarah Wood. Fiioeli. b. ID May. 1710; m. Anna Flint. 
Aaron, b. 18 Sei>t., 1755. 

87 A SON. J,„.ins: b. and d. 4 Apr., 171;?. 


v^!> Ui'i.UAH. b. 2i) Nov. ; bapt. ;^No. F.. D.) ;?0 June. 1717: in. ID July, 
1734, Francis Ferley, son of Jacob and Lydiai^lVabody) Ferley, 
b. 28 Jan.. 1705-t!. Lydia (Feabody) Ferley was a niece of Ly- 
dia, Avifeof Thos. Ferley. being the dau. of Capt. John Feabody. 
Jacob Ferley was a brother of (\apt. Thos. Ferley (see note be- 
low. Ch. : Capt. William, b. 11 Feb.. 17;?5; d. 2i) Mar.. 1812; 

>•• (.';ii>l. Tlios. roiioy was son o( ' ;in<l l.ytlia (.roalxHlyt Povloy of Uoxfonl; 
I). Kii'iS; in., 1st. ItiiCi, 8av!ih, ilnu. ofCai>t. .lolin Osgood of .Vudovor. who il. -J;? Soi>t., IT'-M ; 
(.'apt. Torloy tl. 171-'^: lie hail ton ohiMion all by liis llrsi wife, vi/.., Lydia. b. UHH!. Mary 
b. li!!»7. no|>/.il>ab. b. H!!);). Mosos. b. ITOl ; d. ITOJ. Sarab, b. 170;>. Thomas, b. 1704-r>; 
ni. Knnico Tnlnam (,No. Si!>. Mohitablo, b. 170S; d. IT.\?. Kobooea, b. 'JS Oct., 1710; m. lh\- 
vid rmnanv ^No. S.">), Alien, b. 17U. Asa. b. 1710. Margaret, b; 171l». 


in. S;ir;ili ('lark. Win. TtTloy coiiiiiiiukUmI ii company fit Lex- 

iiif^toii iiiid !it Huiikor Hill. 
90 iHifAKL, I). 7 Jan., 1717-lK, bapt. (No. I'., I).) 2 Feb., 1717-lH; f,'(!n- 

!)1 MiciiiTAiiMC, b. 12 IVTafcli, 1720; d. 2 Sept,., IHOl ; in. 21 Mar., 1711, 

Rlcliard, son of Joliii and WiniCnMl (Spraguo) Dexter of 

Malilcn,''' a i)liysician of Topslluld, b. 15 Juno, 17i;{; d. Topw- 

(leld, 25 Nov. 178:5. 

.JosKPii Putnam will alwiiys he roincmborod lor lii.s opjx)- 
sitioii to Mr. P.-inis and the, vvi(cli(;ra(l trials. 'VUv, po.sitioii 
which ho took could only have boon luaiiitaiiuid l»y one who, 
like himscdl", was allied witii the |)riiici})al I'aniilies ol" the 
eoiinty. lie opposed Iroiu lirst to last the proceedings which 
disgraced Duuvers and his iimnediate relatives and I'riends. 
This was u source of i)eril to even liiin, however, and for six 
months, one of his fleetest horses was kejjt saddled, ready at 
a nioinent's noti(;e, should an attempt \h', iiftide to sciizc; his 
person. This ("act was wcW known and it was also known 
that he would resist every attempt ol that nature, (!V(!n though 
it cost the lives o(" those who came to take him. It is a 
signilicant fact that his children were hapti/ed in Salem, this 
being a very public maimer of showing his disapprobation of 
the course followed by Mr. Parris. Joseph Putnam should 
b(! honored firabovcsall others of his generation ; lor he showed 
that not only did Ik; have the courage; common lo all of the 
family, but was above the ignorant superstition of the time 
by which su(;h men aa Judge Samuel Sewall and Cotton Mather 
were overcome. 

It is proper to state at this juncture, that th(! romantic tale 
of a sister of Joseph Putnam being accuscid of witchcraft at 
a session of the Court to which she had been drawn by cui'i- 
osity, and her Might and con(;ealment in Middleton woods, is 
entii'cly without loundation. Mr. Tarbox in his History of 
Gen. Israel Putnam (juotes from Mr. Rice, but however thrill- 

"'■' 'I'lKiii- (l;iii. I\Icliilal)lo Doxlcr, who il. i") Nov., 178:i, ni. tlio K(!V. .Joliii 'I'rciidwoll and 
their (liuinhter I\Ii;hil,al)l(! Trcadwell, in. (JliarlcH Clcvijland, wIiohc brother William 
(Jlcvclaiid 111. M\nH Vii\U:y and waH lather of Hiivhard Kalley Clcvcluiid, and grand- 
I'liHier ol' (Jrovci- Cleveland, J*reHid(^iit of tiie Unite(| StatcH. 

52 uisTOKY or riiK putnam family. 

iiii:; Miul indTcsliiiu- :i story (his :u'i'i)iin( m;iy he, i( has :ih- 
absohitolv no loiuulation. 


In lhi> n;um> ol'Ood Amoii I -losoph rtitnainboiiip; Sick and 
Wooko ill body but of Si>uiul IMiiid and IMoinoi y, fonsidcr- 
inu' the mu'orlaiiiity oi' lilV and the Duty orSctliiiu' my Ks- 
talo in oi'dor to loavc IVicc in my Kamily Ooo mako this 
my hist. Will and 'IVslamonl. hcM'oby rovokcino- and making- 
Null and voidi' all tonuor wills by lut^ maiU' 
Imp'" 1 i't>mmitt. my solo to (u)d my body to a I)c\u'ont l>urialc 
hopiMiiii; for a. olorions Ivosnnvcticni in and through yo mor- 
ritt of my Htvir l\t^looiiu>r tlu> Lord Josns Christ, and for 
my oufward Kstato 1 Disiioso t)f as follows on 

INlv will is that, my Just Dobts and funoral Kxiiom-o he 
paid out of My riMsonall Estate or monies 
Itt'in 1 (live and betpieath to my beloved wife Kdi//' in Lieu of 
her Dower that Keiee of h'uul in blind hole by John Curtieies 
Ooiitainiiig about Twenty Eight aeres yt was Ium- Kathers, 
and that Jane I'ossest of by virtue of his will, to be wholey 
at t her Dispose to sell or as shee shall soc> eaiise — and 1 
further give to my wife towards her own Sui)por(»and the Sup- 
port and JMaintenanee oi' my children under age the Im- 
provement of all the severall Tracts «fcparcells of lands and 
the llouseiu thereon. 1 have hereafter in this my will given 
my two sons David and Israeli with (he Improvement of so 
nmch ol' my Stock and Husbandry Utencells and so much 
oi' my Household StutVbediling antl Necelsaries as my Kxee- 
utors hereafter named shall Judge Necessary 0^ Oonveuient 
for the Carring on the Kami and the Siibsistauce of yi> Kam- 
ily until my sons Daviil & Israeli come Respectively to ye 
age of Twenty one years and then tlu>y are ti> be sear'' anil 
Tosses'' of their Tarts hereafter given them and iMllier o[' 
them tirst given their INlother Security to i^ay her yearly the 
sum of Ten Kounds each in Kayable moiu\v in ye wlK)le 
Twenty Pounds yearly and she is also to have a Koom jf 
two in my now Dwelling house and what wood Shee may 
have occasion to burn therein and part of.yo Celler, and 


Siloo is to K(;(;[) rossiliou of h(1 LmikIh till sli(!(! h.-itli Siiciiiity 
to li(!r Satinfaction, I :ilso Ciirtlior give ii(!r tovviuds her own 
Sii[)[)oit :ui(l tlie Support :u\<\ iiiiiiiitaiiuuKK! of iriy children 
under :i<re tin; Ltuive mikI Liberty to (Jutt und S(!il vvluit 
Wood Shee Sliiill See cuiso of from my Old I'\'irin h(!i'(!:d"t(!r 
given my Hon Wiliijun only I iJcisire itt m.-iy h(! eiitt wlnirci 
itt tn:iy l)(! with th(! Lea,st J)etriment My Wile li(!m:uning 
It(!m I (jliv(! and bequeath unto my Son William riitnam Iuh 

heir.s ^ind aswignH lorev(!r Sevcsrall Tracts and [)eiees oi' land 
viz all that my Farm (ialhtd the. Old l*';irni ('(Mitaining about 
Eighty acr(!,s More or 1(!hh with ye llouseing and fencing on 
itt {l<]xc(![)ting as abov(! to liiH Mother) and also tiu; one 
haire of my land & Meadow Lying on the W(!Bt nidc; of 
Jpswich Uiv(!r and all my Intcrist In the Saw Mill and J)amm 
att Bishops brook and also my two acrcH of M(!adow N(!ar 
said Damm and also two acres more of Mncsadow ikying be- 
low the Saw Mill on Nichols" & Porters land and all my land 
in I'cteis Meadow and the; ten acres of land I bought of Jo- 
seph All(!n In case he pay his sistei- Mahitiibh; out of this 
last [)ercen Kighty Pounds in Pafsible JJills of Publick 
Creditt or monies when Shee shall come to ye age of lOigh- 
teen years or If shee; be inari'icd bcifore shee is eighteen years 
old then to be paid her at Marriage — 
Item 1 Cjrive and bequeath to my two Sons David and Israciil these 
S(!V(!r:dl Tracts i*t i):u-(;(!lls of lands following th(!y and each <>l' 
them respectively [xirforming what I have ovdnivA to their 
Mother out of their [taits, all that my Kami I n(;w Dwell on 
Containing about oik; hundred and lifty aci'cs more or less 
Including ye land I bought of Anthony Ashby and Cai)t 
Putuiun and A Small bitt above; the; 'i'oomb a,nd also the 
other halfe of my Upland and Meadow on ye West Sidi; of 
Ipswich River to Ix; cfjually dividcid b(!tween tli(!m and to 
be to them their Heirs and Assigns for(!vei' and If (jitlier 
of my two S(;ns David or Israeli Dy(! bcloi'c th(!y co/nc to ye 
ag(! of 'rwentv and one years then ye (jn(! Moiety of his Part 
to be to my son William his h(!irs and Assigns forever and 
ye other Moiety of his Part to be to the Survivoui- and his 
heirs and assigns forever the liequest to my wife to be made 
good and coinplycd with (jut of Such i)art never the less. 

f) I msn>KV (>!■ I in: i'iunaim iaimii.v. 

ll.iMii 1 ,",ivi' ;inil lu'i|U(':i(li lo m\ 1 );Mi.",iitiM' IMiiiy rulicuu live 

roiiiiils ill I'mIIs oI' I'lililick Cii'dilt. t>r tliis I'lox imu'c. 

Itoiii 1 ;M\c lo \n\ 1 ).'iii!',lil('r l''.li/.;ilH'lli 1*111 iiiiin, Ti'ii I'Ddiuls in 

like luoiirv ■ 

IhMii I ;M\i";iiui lu'iiiiralli lo m\ *l:m!',liUM' S;ir;ili l>ro\vii lil'lrcii 

Pouiuls ill l,ilu' moiu'V mU lo lu- pMiil In si\ nionlhs .mI'Ii'I' 

linn I i^ivr :iiul lu-iini";illi lo my lour l>.iu;;liU'is Nanu'ly l\;u'lu'll 

AniiM iMinioi' vV lluUlali 1m«;1>Iv I'ouikIs Ivicli lo Ix' p.-iid 
tluMU l\os[u^'livoly ;is tlu'y arrive all llic a;-,*' of l-'.ij'.lilci-n 
years or IT tlu-y ov any itfllu'iii iMaiiy Ix'foii' tiioy are Mii:;!!- 
[ccu v«'ais old iliiMi lo lu' paid all llu'ir nianani', and in 
i'asi> ()!' an\ ol' niv AI»o\t> iiaincd loiii' 1 )aii;^liliM's l)i'i'»>asi> 
lu'loic llii-y I'onu' lo I'lii'Jili'rn year.s ol' ai^(> licr or llirir parts 
llu'n lo III' <'(inall\' l>i\itK'd anion;',st all llu' ii'sl of my 
naui;hUM's Mairied or nnmariiiMl ov such as shall lH'L!,all\' 
represiMil Ihrm In like uu>nry also 

IliMU I (Jive and ItftjUi^aUk lo my hanuhliM- iMi'liilalu-U llu' sum 

of l".i;!,hly I'tiunds !is bi>ror<' <'\|ircsM'd lo he paid liy my son 
William and in cusc of liis not. pnyiu^' as bcloro I thou y,ivo 
to h(>r m\ said l>au!;ht(M' IMchitable lu>r*luMrs and assigns 
roii>\iM- till' I\mi AiMi's of Laud I l)i>ii;',hl of ,losi>ph Allen 

IUmu I ronstiinli- ()rdain and ap[)oint my ludovod NVit'o Mli/u- 

lu'lhaud my son \\'illiani rntnam to ho ye l''\«>enti)rs to 
this mv \\ ill and I hesire a. Inst, and I'lxaii Imenlory ot" my 
I'arsonall I'lstati' may be taken ami in case there is not eiu>Ui;h 
in mony and Stoek yt. may be S|)aired and honsiu)ld Slnll yt 
may be spairiul as bel'ore l''-\[)resl- then my will is and I here- 
by lm|H>\v<'r iMy Kxeeulors to Sell that peiee of land i>f 
mine yt mv Kallun' lormerly i;avo to.loseph Staeiy and with 
vi> money l'i>r yt Land and tor what Sloek ami honselioKl 
stnll" may be spairi'd ami siiKl to ye best ailvantage to pay 
uiy Just Debts, I'nnerall evpeiu'e and all my Legaeeys not. 
olherwisi' hinnled and In ease my money ami Sloek and 
household stuil" thai may lie spaired ns my I'hildren eome oC 
jige and all Tresenl Is solieienti to pay ye above then the 
said [H'iee til' laud yt was last nu'utioiu-d I i;ive lo in\ al'orc> 
named two sons David ^'i Lsraell to be iMpially Divideil and 
to be to tlu'm tluMr heirs ami assigns I'ore.ver In testimony 
yt on mature eonsideratiini I his is my Last Will and 'Teste- 

HAMlU'.l. (nA'I'MANII';!,) rilTNAM, 


UHMil, I li!i,v«; ln;r<'iuit,o S(;l,l, my liiiiid rui'l S<;!i,l iJiin 1.0"' I);iy 
(>rM;u'li AiiiKj l)(>iniiii I7i!^ .'» 

./oHCpli l'iil,ii;im I S(;;i.lJ 
Si;j;ii(!(l S<;al(!(l i'ic Docluicd to lie l,li<; LtlHl Will Jiiid '('(iHt.'i' 
iiKitil, 1)1' l,li(! 'r(!Hl,nl,or in ye \'ti:H('.i\(;(; <>l' yu vvooiiIm I)cI,vv<!<!Ii 
ye. r>"' H;"' Lin(! IVrMii y<! 'ro))[) \)(:'\i\t^ fiiHl, I(il,<!rliii(;'l 

lj(!llj" llollOII A 

.Jolni I>Jil«! jr / IChh(!X Ch IpHwicli May '25"' I72.'5li<!- 

Z(;r<)l)(;l)<!ll I'ji<li';ol,t, ('o<!r tin; Ilrjul.'' Joliii A|)|)I(;Ujm I^Hfj 
.Iii<lj4<! ol' I.Ik; rroldil.c oC WillH <V(; In iV' ('ounl-y oC Kh- 
Hc.x Uicrn I'.cnj Ilolt,<!n John l)al<; Jr & /(;ir;l»ji,l)l(! I'^n(|i<;of/l/ 
all i>;i.iHon;illy ;(,|)|)c,;i,i<;(| ;ui(| rria(l(! oaUi yt, 1,li(iy wc-i'*! I*n!H(!nl 
and Haw iJic, wiUiin naincrl .loHitpli I'ut.natn Si^ni; ScaN; and 
li(;aid liini ruhliHJi and l)<;r:lar(! y<! wiMiin wiil,t,<!n InHlj'u- 
HKuit, l.o l)(! liJH LuhI, will aiKJ 'l'(!Hl,am<!nl, and vvIkmi In; ho di<l 
li(! WiiH of jfood nnd^Tubuidin;.^ !uid of DinpoHdinj^ Mind, to 
tli<! Im-hI- of their 1)i;h(u:vi\\u<^ and tlM!y all att tin; Ham*: tini(! 
.S«;tt to tli<;i<; handi In IiIh l'r(!H(jnc(! UH WittlK!HH<;8 

Sworn AttcHt Dan' Apphiton Rftj^t 
Upon which thiH Will Ih I'rovcd Afjprovcd and allowed y(5 
KxccntorH A|)|)<!ar<;d and !u;«;<;))f,<;f| of Haid Trinit and I'roni- 
incd to f^ivc In iui Inv<!n'ty [)y ye, laHt of'.Inne next 

AttcHt Oaiiicl Ai>pl(;ton Kegt 

III. 18 Samuel (NafJ/amd, John), of Hnlciu Vill;i;.'<!, 
f>oni tli<;i(! IH-1:^-|(;.02, lm|)l,iz<!(l Firnt cliiireli, Snieifi, 17-2- 
IfJ.Oli; (Ji(;(J, H;7fJ ; iiiunicd i'^li/aljclli . 

(Jfiil(Ji<;ti : 

',i2 KiA/.Mii'.rti, U. . 

JW Hamukl, I). ; l);ipl,. at Halcm 25 Dm:., lt;H7. 

or Samukl J'ni NA VI we, know nothiiifir <;x<;(;()l, tjmt aninvon- 
ioty ofhiH (!Hl,al<;, vvliicJi atrjoiiMted to £1 !)l-07-0.'*, wuh taken 
l>y ,ia(;ol> liarney and .loilnia lien, I7tli I> mo., Id?*), and vvaH 
allowed 2Iitli !) mo., ](>7';. Administration wan ^/rantc*! to 
JOIizal)oth Putnam, relict. 

I*r(>l»ably lJi(i afiove Kii/alxttli Ih the "widow I'ili/al>«;tli i'nt- 
nam" wlio mairied lienjaniin (/ollinn ofliyjin, 5 S<;)»t., H)77, 


They had: PrisciUa, born 2 May, 11)79; Elizahclli, bom 3 
Jan., 1682; Benjamin, born 5 Doc, 1684. 

III. 20 Jolin {JVathaniel, Jo/in), ol'Salein ViUagc ; l^rn 
there 26 Mar., 1657 ; baptized in Salem 6-7-1657 ; died in 
Salem Village, Sept., 1722 ; married in Salem, 2 Dec., 1678, 
Hannah, danghter of Sanuiel and Eliza Cntler of Salem, 
born Dee., 1655; living in 1722; baptized at First ehnreh 
in Salem the same date as her son Samnel. 

Children : 

M Hannah, b. 22 August, l(J7i); il. ()revious to 1721. 

95 IvuzAiJicru, b. 2(i-i)-lG80; in. 12 Rich., 1701, John, son of John and 
(Abigail) I'helps of Reaaing, b. in Salom, C.-12-li;70. Ch. : Eliz- 
abeth, b. 1702. Mary, b. 1700 (Eaton's Hist, of Koading). John, 
b. in Saloni, 8 July, 1709. Nathaniel, b. 22 Oct., 1714. 

yc Abigail, b. 2l) Feb., 1G82; bapt. iu Salem, G July, 1684. 

97 Samukl, b. 5 Nov., 1GS4; bapt. iu Salem, 8 Feb., 1G84-5. "Ilanna 

ye wife and Samuel the son of John Putnam jr., baptized." 

98 JosiAii, b. 29 Oct., 1086. 

99 JosKini,'" b. ; bapt. iu Salem, I July, 1688. 

100 Maky,'" b. 29 Sept., 1688; bapt. in Salem, Oct., 1689. 

101 Susanna,'" b. 11 Apr., 1690; m. Nov., 1709, Isaac Buxton. \ < 

102 Joshua, b. . iTbese two sons are named by Terley 

lOa David'" or Daniel, b. . i 

Putnam; there is no doubt concerning Josltua, but of David I 
tind no further record. A son of John Putnam, jr. was bapt. in 
1694 ; the margin of the page being worn away the date and 
name can not be supplied; perhaps the same as '-son to John 
Putnam dieil 25 Ang., lt!95." 
104 Kkbkcca, b. 16 Aug., 1691; unm. 1715; "John Kogers to niece Re- 
becca Putnam." 
105 John, b. 16 Aug., 1691; bapt. in Salem Village, 23 Aug., 1691. 
106 Sakah, b. 5 Mar., 1693; bapt. iu Salem Village, 12 Mar., 1692-3. 
107 Amos, b. 27 Jan., 1697; bapt. in Salem Village, 27 Nov., 1698. 
1U8 Pkiscilla, b. 7 May, 1699; bapt. iu Salem Village, 16 July, 1699. 
On April 15, lti92, a daughter of Johul'utuam died, probably one of those 
referred to by note above. 

John Putnam's farm was in that part of Danvers west of 
llathorne's hill near the log bridge across Ipswich river. 

'» Presumably ilicd v)revious to 17-21 us no mention is made of them in the will of the 
ftvther, who, liowever, meulions "son Isaac Buxton." 

KIJ/AI',K'I II ('.\AriIANII';i,j I'lriNAM. 57 

TIh; rmiii, or purl, o( il, is now o\vii<;<l liy (huii'^c II. l'<;;i,- 
l»o<ly, lOsrj. Ill Ihin iiMin(!<liiil.(; vicinity hin couHiiiH Dciicoii 
l<i<lvv;i,r(J jiikI S(!r;.n;!iiit, TlioirinH I'utrKuii, livctd. .Jolin l*iitii;ini 
vvjiK* kiimvii iiH "C/!irrjJii);i. JoIim," jiikI ms ".Jolm I'dlnani, jiin- 
ioi." I)iiriii;.'; \.\\<: \vil,r|i(r;i(|, cxcilr'niciit , Ik-, \v;ih <;())\h\m\)\<;, 
mid, of cfHirsft, imiihI. Iiiivc t!il<<!M u more, or Ichh !u;l,iv<! \)nvi in 
1,ll(! |)|-o<;('<;(]iii^^H. Al, OIK', l,ilii(!, jVlcivy L(!VviH, OIM! <»!' I,li(! "jif- 
llic,l.<-i| r^irl," ti;i(l l)c,(:ii liviii;.' in liin Ijoiihc! jih h Hcrvjiiit. jind in 
iVIjiy, \C)U2, Ihj f,(5Hlili(!H, iippMrcntly in <(ood fuitli, uh to u lit hIio 
liiid vvli(!n l)(;vvitcli(!d. It vvjih Jit m, cliiii<;li rn<;(!tiii<( !it Ihh hr>iiH(! 
in ]('>UH tliJit Hcvcnti of tlif; vvrfjri;.'(!d nKiinlKM-H of tli(; clinrch 
;(.;^uin iiH;t willi IIm; niiijoiity imd :iil !i^l'(?od to liv(; in "lov«; lo- 
^(itlnn." 'riii.s <H;(;inr<;d !i, week ui'Utv tin; ordiniilion rd" tlic 
Kov. .JoH<;))li (hcA-ii. 

BonidoH the olliec (d' e,oii:-f;il)le, .Jolm rutiuiin wuh IVr^fjiient- 
ly iytliin^ inJin, Hiii'veyor of lii;.divvuyM, (!Hi>(;cially townrdH 
IpHwicli ro;id, Jiiid Wiis appointed to other minor {)f)HitionH. 

In his will dated .'JO Nov., 1721, lie !i[>pr)iiitH I'yl)(rne/(;iand 
'riioniiiH I'utiiani ovorwoorH ; nientions liin wife Ilannah, HonH 
SaiiiiKd, doiiah, .Jfdin, rJoHhiia, Anion, Ihh H(ni Iwaae linxton ; 
(iau;^hterH I'lineilla,, Al)i;.^ail, Sarah and Relxjcca Putnam, a,ii(i 
KIIhu Ph(!l[jH. I'roverl 1 Oct., 1722. 

III. 22 Elizabeth ( JVa/.hanud, John), horn in Salem Vil- 
lage, II AuL^., 1002; died <J Mar., H;97 ; married S(!r- 
goimt George, H(!eond Hon of 'riiomaH and Ann I^'lint of iJaii- 
veiH, horn there;, ('> .Jan., |(;o2; di<;d sd North Reading, 2.'} 
Jnne, 1720. II<; married, lor a HCfrond wif<;, 2 Mar., 10!)!), 
MrH. SiiHannah (jlardner, who di<;d Mar., 172!K 
('liildicn, all by I'ili/.alxMh riitnani : 
\t)'.) lOi.i/.AMKin, [<orn I'.l Auj;., l(;'6r>; m. Khcnczcr hiuiiou. 
i 10 Gi'.onOK, \). I Apr., HW,; rn. !i Jiily, 171", .Joriisfiu, (Jiiii. of.[oH<;f)li 
and IJr;l,liMua (Foli^cv) Topf; and HJMUjr o/' .lonopli I'opo (h<;<; No. 
HW; ; lived In North Jtoadiny. 
II ] ASN, b. 18 April, 1087; rn. 21 Dec, 1700, .lonatlian I'ark«:r. 
112 Ki'.KNKZKK, b. 10 Dec, J08!i; rn. 1714, 'I'abltlia IJurnap; lived In 
North Reading. 


118 Natiianiki,. I). L'l Oct., 1(!;)0; d. y- 

114 iNLvKY, b. t Nov., l(!iU ; "unfovtunute diUiuihtor Mary." She had 
biHMi aooidoutally shot by hor sister in the shoulder. Her >;rand- 
I'ather Nathaniel rut nam bequeathed to her a double portion. 

ll") Mkhoy, b. 7 Oct.. 1(;;12; m. ;» Sept., 17U, Benjamin Damon. 

IK! Nath.vniki,. b. 4 Jan., ItiOl ; m. IT'-'O. Mary of Lynnlleld ; 

lived in Tolland, Conn. 

117 II.XNNAU, b. 12 Feb., l(!i)">; m. 10 July, 171(1. .lolin Hunt. 

118 John, b. 4 Mar., ICDC; d. y. 

Soriionnt Gooroo Flint reinovod to Readinir and settled 
l)el\)iv l(;8"J on laiul inherited tVoni his father. His house was 
used as a garrison house during the Indian troubles, lie 
was the lirst of his name in Reading and held the otliee of 
seleetnian. (Flint (lenealogv, pi^. 10-11.) 

III. 23 Captain Benjamin {JVal/ianiel, Jo/m), of Sa- 
lem Village, born there, 24 Dee., 1(.U>4; died there about 
1715; married, aeeording to Col. Perley Putnam, 25 Aug., 
1()8(>, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Putnam, but on the Sa- 
lem reei)rds, the births of his ehildren are reeorded and it is 
there stated that they were "by wife Hanna." His tirst wife 
died 21 Dee., 1705; married, seeoud, 1 duly, 170G, Sarah 
Holt on. -: 

Children : 

Hi> JosiAH. b. ; bapt. 1st Ch.. Saleui. 2 Oct., 1(1S7 ; prob. d. y.'' 

i 120 Natuanucl. b. 25 Aug., 10S(!; bapt. in 1st Ch., Salem, (> Nov., 16S7. 

121 TAKKANr, b. 12 Apr.. li!8S; bapt. iu 1st Ch.. Salem. Aug., 1088. 

122 Ei.i/AHiaii, b. 8Jan.,l(!i)0; bapt. in No. Parish, Danvers, 22 Feb.. 
U'.;iO; m. 27 Pec, 1711, Robert, son of Joseph and Lydia (Bux- 
ton) Hutchinson of Danvers, b. there, Vo Nov.. U!87; d. 17oo. 
Ch. : Sarah, bapt. 12 Sept., 1712; d. Dec, 1800; m. William 
Shillaber. Kobert, bapt. U> May, 1710; d. before 17;U!. Kobert 
Hutchinson, senior, m., 2d, Sarah Putnam, t5 June, 1717. 

123 BicN.iAMiN, b. 8 Jan., U!i)2-;?; bapt. 25 Jan.. 1(!!)2-;k 

124 STKiniKN, b. 27 Oct., lt!94. 

125 Danuu., b. 12 Nov., ll'.OO; bapt. at Salem, 17 Oct., 1097. 

126 IsKAKL, b. 22 Aug., li;i>i>; bapt. at No. Parish, 27 Aug., U55)9. 

127 Ci>KNKi.u'S. b. o Sept.. 1702: bapt. at No. Parish, C Sept.. 1702. 

1" Autlior; Or. Toore slates that ho d. -21 Oct., 1T:>1. 


Benjamin Putnam w.ih ji piomiiiciiL man in Salem, and heid 
many town ofliccw. 11(; had always the title of "Mr." unless 
othei- titles are given, lie held the positions of Lieutenant 
and Captain (170()-171I). From the; time he was' chosen 
tything man at the Village in 101)5-0, hardly a year passed 
but what he was honored by his ((dlow townsmen, lie was 
constable and collector in 1700. lie was constantly chosen 
tything man and surveyor of highways at the Village. He 
was one of the selectmen in 1707-17l;5 and that his judgment 
was considered of value is shown by the (re(juency with which 
he was returned to the Grand and Petit Jui-ies. Ilis last ap- 
pearance on the Salem records was in 1712 wIkjii he was one 
of those chosen to peramljulate the lK>unds between Salem 
and Topsfield. On 30 Dec, 1709, he was chosen deacon 
of the church at the Village. On 25 Jidy, 17P:>, Rev. 
Joseph Green in his diary mentions the fact of his call- 
ing on "Landlord Putnam" and that he was very sick and 
out of his head. This was the b(fginning of the end, for" he 
died in 1714 oi' 1715. In regard to his part in the witch- 
craft delusion it can be summed up thus : The Goods were de- 
pendents in his family and when the indemnities were paid by 
the General Court to the heirs of those accused and imprisoned 
and murdered, William Good through the instrumentality ol 
Benjamin Putnam obtained a very large proportion, — Mr. 
Upliam thinks more than his share. Among the signatures 
to the certificate of character of Kebecca Nurse both those of 
Benjamin and his wife Sarah are found. He never seems to 
have appeared as a witness of any account and pr(;bably steered 
clear as far as he was able, of the whole affair. The title 
"Landlord" was (me often given to the eldest living Putnam. 

The following entries are as yet unex[)lained, diligent 
search among the state archives failing to reveal the reason 
of Benjamin Putnam's imprisonment. These entries are also 
from Rev. Joseph Green's journal. 

"1707, June 16. News of Captain Putnam having come 
to Marblehcad. 

June 17. Our country in great confusion. Some for the 


army, others against it. I went to Boston to ye Governor 
to release P>enj. Putnam. 

Sept. 21. Sal). 7 baptised. Discoursed Capt. Putnam 
at night." 

The Rev. Joseph Green often alludes to Benjamin Putnam 
in his diary. "1708, July 29, I went with B. Putnam to 
Reading to Deacon Fitches, to spend ye day in prayer for him, 
he being almost blind, and old jNIr. Weston quite blind, and 
other disconsolate deaf, &c. Mr. Pierpont began, I prayed, 
Dea. Fitch, Landlord Putnam and Dea. Bancroft then sang 
146 Psalm and I concluded with a short prayer and blessing." 

Durinir the followino- Ano^ust there was more or less anxi- 
ety from attacks by the Indians at Haverhill. 

"Oct. 23. I went with Major Sewall and Capt. Putnam 
to Haverhill." 

"Dec. 30 (1709). Benj. Putnam chosen deacon by every 
vote except his own." 

"March 1 (1711). Ye church kept a Fast at ye house of 
Dea. Benj. Putnam's." 

"May 4 (1711). Chh. meeting rec'vd to full communion 
ye wife of Dea. Ben. Putnam." 

"May 10. I went to Capt. Putnam's house raising." 

"Mar. 17 (1713). I visited Dea. Ben. Putnam who is ill 
with a fall." 

"July 25. Visited Landlord Putnam, very sick and out of 
his head." 

At the time covered by the above extracts, there were sev- 
eral "Capt. Putnams" viz. : John, Jonathan, Nathaniel and as 
in the cases above Benjamin, it is possible that some of the 
extracts may refer to Jonathan, who was extremely active 
at this time. 

The will of Benjamin Putnam is dated 28 Oct., 1706, proved 
25 April, 1715. He gives to his son Daniel (minister at 
Reading) "£150 for his learning." Overseers, "Uncle John 
Putnam and Capt. Jon". Putnam." All his children but Jo- 
siah are here mentioned. 

30 June, 1715. Thie children of Benjamin who were of 


age, viz. : Tarrant, Benjamin, Robert Hutchinson, Elizabeth 
Hutchinson entered into an agreement. 

On April 1, 1717, Cornelius chose his brother Nathaniel 
his guardian. 


In the Name of God Amen I Benj^ Putnam of Salem in 
ye County of Essex in ye province of the Mass Bay in New 
England being in perfect liealtli & of sound memory Blefsed 
be God for it. yet Considering ray own mortality Doe 
make This ray Last Will & Testament In Forme and man- 
ner following 

Irap"^ I Give np ray Soul to God & my Body to Decent buriall 
hopeing for a glorious refurrection in & thro Jesus Christ 
my Redeem'', and as for yt estate yt God hath bestowed 
upon me I give & Bequeath in Manner following 
I Give to Sarah .my beloved wife fifty pounds in or as Mon- 
ey to be payed within five years after ray decease by my 
Exers hereafter named Also ye use of ye lower room in ye 
west end of my house & halfe ye Cellar under it during lier 

Item I give this ffarme I now dweel upon to my Two eldest 
sons Nathaniel & Tarrant with all the buildings & fences 
thereon to be equally Divided between them only Nathaniel 
shall have twenty acres above halfe Tliey paying as is 
hereafter expressed 

Item I give to Benj' & Stephen my two sons My part of Dav- 
enports farm ; also ray part of the meadow that belongs to 
said farrae, also ye land adjoining to ye raeadow yt I bought 
of Mr. Israel Porter to be equally divided between them 
both land & Meadow they paying as hereafter is expressed. 

Item I Give to my son Israel That land which I bought of Mr 
Minziefs belongeing to Mr Humpherys farme alfo that six 
acres of meadow ground which I bought of my brother John 
Putnam belongeing to Grigeles his farme. 

Item I Give to my son Daniell one hundred and fifty pounds 
in or as money To be payed by my Two sons Nathaniel 
and Tarrant equalley betweene them as he shall neade it in 
bis Laming or when he comes of age If he do not take to 
Larening. • 


Also my sons NatlKiniell and Tarant shall pay fifty pounds 

Willed to my wife as above said and also (burty pounds to 

their sister Elizabeth and also twenty pounds to their 

brother Cornelius when they com of age each their i)art. 

Item My AVill is that my son Cornelius be put out to larne 

som good Trade and that his brothers Benjamiu and Ste[)h- 
en shall pay him Six Score i)ounds in or as mony within 
Three years after he comes of age That is forurty pounds a 
yeare To be Equally to be payed betweene them. 

Item I Give to my Daughter Elizabeth Sixty pounds to be 
payed out of my household goods at my decees proportu- 
nalle of every thing to be apprised to Her and the Remainder 
of my Household goods with my out dores Vseing Tooles I 
give to my Two sons Nathaniel and Tarrant. 

Item All my Stock of what Kinde soever I give to be equally 
devided amonges all my children except my son Daniel. 

Item I do appoint my two sons Nathaniel and Tarrant to be 
Joynte Executors of this my will and my will is that if any 
of my children dye before they com of age that theire parte 
or portion shall be eqnalley devided between the servivors 
I Do desire and apointe my Well beloued frinds my brother 
John i)utnMm and my Cozen Jonathan putnam to be the 
Ouerfeers of this my will and I do require all my chihh'en 
to sett down by the advice of my overleers whare there may 
arise any mifsunderstanding of my will 
In Testemony that this is my last Will and Testement I have 
hereunto set my hand and seele This Twenty eight day of 
October in the year of our Lord Seventene hundred and six 
Signed and Seeled pul)lished and declared in presence of us 
John Jelfurds Beniamin putnam [seal] 

Hannah X Roberds 


Jonathan Putnam 

Apprais and Allowed befr Hon Jn" Appleton at Court at 

Ipswich April 25 171.') 

Endorsed Will of Lent rulnam 

III. 24 Mary {JS^atltrtniel, John), hoin in Salem Village, 
15_7_16()8 ; baptized at Salcni, Dec, 1()(kS ; married, prior to 
1688, John, son of Peter and Mary (Pierce) Tufts of Charles- 


town, that part now M;ildcn, who wus horn al)out 1665 and 
who died 28 Mch., 1728, aged 63. 

His will dated 9 May, with codicil 20 Nov., 1727, proved 
12 Apr., 1728, devised to wife Mary the west end of house, 
to Nathaniel, Mary and grandson John, Peter, Benjamin, 
Thomas, son-in-law John Willis. 

Freeman 1690 ; buys four lots of land in 1701 of John 

Children : 

128 Mahy, 1). in Medford, 11 Apr., 1G88; in. John Willis. 

129 John, b. in Medford, 28 May, 1G90; m. 28 Mch., 1723, Elizabetli 

Sargent, who m., 2d, Nicholas George. 

130 Nathaniel, b. in Medford, 23 Feb., 1G92; m., 1st, Mary Sprague ; 

ni., 2d, Mary Rand. 

131 Peteu, b. in Maiden, 10 May, 1097; d. 5 Dec, 1770, in 80"' year 

(gravestone) ; ra. Lydia, dau. of Samuel and Deborah (Sprague) 
Bucknam, who was b. 1704; d. 31 Oct., 177G, in 72'' year (g. s.). 
Deborah (Sprague) Bucknam was dau. of Capt. John and Lydia 
(Gofl'e) Sprague and granddau. of Ralph Sprague, one of the 
founders of Chailestown. Ch. : Nathan. Peter. Lydia. Tim- 
othy. Samuel, b. 1737;ni. Martha Adams. Aaron. Susanna. 

132 Benjamin, b. in Maiden, 28 Nov., 1G99 ; m., 1st, Mary Hutchinson ; 

m., 2d, Hannah Johnson. 

133 Timothy, b. in Maiden, 13 Oct., 1703; d. 2 May, 1727. 

134 TiioAiAS, b. 4 Dec, 1704; non compos 1739. 

135 Stephen, b. (in his H'^ycar 1728) ; d. in Maiden, 5 Dec, 1785, 

in his 77"' year. 
13G Mary, b. G Sept., 17 IG. 
(See Wyman's Estates of Charlestown.) 

III. 28 Captain Jonathan {John, f/o/<?i), of Salem Vil- 
lage, born there 17 Mar., 1659; died there 2 Mar., 1739; 
buried in Wadsworth Cemetery ; married, first, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Whipple ; " the oldest in- 
scription in the Wadsworth Burying Ground reads : 'Here 
Lyes ye Body of Elizabeth, ye Wife of Jonathan Putnam, 
aged about 22 years. Deceased ye 8th of August, 1682." 
This gravestone was originally faced with lead. He mar- 
ried, second, Lydia, daughter of Anthony and Elizabeth 
(Whipple?) Potter of Ipswich. Her will is dated 14 Sept., 
1742 ; proved 8 Apr., 1745, when administration of the estate 


w:is gTuntod to John Porter of AViMiliani. She moiitioiis lioi 
tl!Ui<i:htGrs, Elizabeth and Esther. 

ChiUIrcn, born in Salem Villaii;e : 

By tirst wife : 

137 Samuel, "aged til'toen weeks, deceased about the last of Novem- 
ber, 1082." 

By second wife : 

i;5S Lyuia, b. 4 Oct., KlSl ; Impt. at Salem May,; d. 151 Aug., 

1711 ; ui. t; Jan., 17114, 'riiomas Flint (See No. 54). Ch. : Thomas, 

b. 2;?Nov., 1705; m. rrlscilla Torter. Jonatlian, b. 12 Oct., 1707. 

Lydia, b. 10 Sept., 1701). M.ary, b. 19 Aug., 1711 ; m. Mr. Flint; 

he m., 2dnd, Mary, dau. of Deacon Edward Putnam (No. 64). 

139 Elizai$etii, b. 2 Feb.. l(!S(>-7; bapt. at Salem 3 July, lfiS7; d. 8 

Aug., 1728. 

140 KuTii, b. 7 Apr., 1('.S9; bapt. North Parish, Danvers, 27 Apr., 1(190; 

d. 2() Mar., 1700. 

141 SnSANN.v, b. ; bapt.. No. Parish, Dauvers, 25 May, 1(;90. 

142 Jonathan, b. 8 May, 1(191; bapt. No. Parisli, Danvers; 10 May, 


143 ESTUKK, b. 18 Nov., 1(193; bapt. No. Parish, Danvers (1()94?). 

144 JiCRUSilA, b. 2 May, 1(19(1; bapt. No. Parish, Danvers; d. 18 Nov., 

1097; g. s. "aged mos. 20 days." 

145 Jeuusiia, b. ; bapt. North Parish, Danvers, 15 Sept., 1700; 

d. 10 Aug., 1710 (g. s.). 
146 Davii>, b. ; bapt. North Parish, Danvers, 8 Feb. , 1700. 
Perhaps still another Jerusha as there is a Uiird stone bearing the name 
Jerusha Putnam, close to the grave of Sanniel. 

Jonathan Putnam bnilt himself a house, not far from his 
father's house, on the Topsfield road ; part ot this house is still 
standing. He was a farmer and in excellent circumstances. 
In 1680, Jonathan Putnam was one of several petitioners for 
a township on Casco Bay on a river called "Swegustagoc ;" 
however, out of regard to the protests of the settlers in that 
neighborhood who objected to the petitions, the court granted 
them a township on the north of the Bay. Bartholomew 
Gedney was one of a connnittee to suiHM'intend this settle- 
ment. The connnittee was to build a fort and sell land there 
to the value of £100 for that purpose. It is not known 
whether Jonathan Putnam ever visited this plantation. The 
inhabitants who objected to the petitioners' were Gorges men 
and seemed to have shown considerable opposition. The 


first time tlmt Jonathjiii Piitn;uii is moiitioiicd on tho S.iloin 
records is in 108.') when ho w:is chosen to tho grand jury. 
Miir. 17, l()84-5, ho was chosen surveyor of hii^hways. In 
1(589 he had the title of "captain" and was selectman. lie 
was made freeman in 1(590. On the 3(^th of Ani^., 1(591, he 
was chosen commissioner to join with the selectmen in tak- 
ing a list of tiie male })ersons and estate of the town. Their 
re[)ort showed 402 heads of families. This commission was 
renewed in 17015. In 1(591 he was constable. In 1704 ho 
was one of a connnittee to look after the conmion lands, and 
in 1708 to value the estates of the town. He was constantly 
serving the town in one ca[)acity or anothcM- nntil ids d(!ath, 
being repeatedly snrv(\yor of hiuhways, or on committees to 
estal)lish town bonnds, t ythiiig-man. and sel(H;tnian in the years 
1()89-170;5-1 70')-! 707-1 709-1 7 10-17 18-1 720-172 1-1722. 

He was representative to the General Coiu-t in 1710. In 
1722, he, with C^aptain Bowditch, was desired to wait npon tho 
justices of his Majesty's Court to request them to revive their 
order of 1(588, establishing a House of Correction. In 1713 
lie was trustee for the commoners of Salem. In 1(581, he 
was one of the petition(M-s to be freed from [)aying rates for 
the maintcMianiH! of a minister at Salem or to be erected into 
a sejjarato township. This a[)[)lication was renewed in 1711 
when he was again [)rominont. 

During the witchcraft excitenuMit, he appears in both an un- 
favorabh^ and favoial)le light. He and Deacon Edward were 
thci complainants for the; warrant issued against Rebecca Nurso 
and Dorcas Good, the latter a child of bnt fom' or tive years 
of age. Afterward, however, Jonathan Putnam saw his mis- 
take and with characteristic manliness signed the pa[)er de- 
claring that in his belief llebecca Nurse could not be guilty 
of the charge preferred against her. His wife Lydia also 
signed this document. In military ail'iii-s he ke[)t u[) the rep- 
utation of the family, holding a ca[)taiirs connnission as early 
as 1G89, and was always known as "Captain Putnam " there- 


jiftor oxcopt in IGlU) ninl 1701 mIkmi lio it* slvlod on the rec- 
ords "Liout." 

III. 29 Lt. James {John, John), hovu in SalcMn Villno-p, 
4 Sept., llitU : Inipti/.od !it Fir.^l d'huirh in iSalcni, 14-5-l(U)7 ; 
diod in Snloni Ailbiiro 7 April, 17:27 ; ninrrird, tirt<t, 8ar;di, 
who was Avitliont douht llio niotlu-r ol his chiKhnMi. On 10 
Kov,, l(i8ll, sho siiinod iho petition presented lo the C'hureh 
in Salem, lor disnn'ssal and liberty to torni a new eluireh at 
the \illaiZ(>and in Idt'o (4 Feb., KUt^-^^), she Joins with her 
husband in a deed of that date, transterrin<r land to ,li>seph 
and Caleb lioynton of Kowlev : she died 25 Dee., 1717, ai^ed 
lil'tv-lhree years, and is buried in the AVadsworth cemetery by 
the side of her son Arehelaus. Lt. James njarrit-d, socond. (! 
]Mar., 1711'-"J0 (Salem lt)wn ree(n-ds), ]Mary, widow of Daniel 
Kea. She died 14 Feb., 17-2(;--27. Zerubabel Kea. son of 
Daniel ami Ih^pzibah (Fosti>r) Kea.'^ in his journal stnlos un- 
der date oi' "It? "liar., 1720, tlu'i\ my nmther-in-hnv was 
marrii'd auain to Lt. »)ames Putnam." 

C^hildren, by Sarah, born in Salem A'illage : 

147 S.Mi.vH. b. (l.laii.. l('iS(!: l>;ipt. :U iSaloni. ,luno, l('>v"^(;: in. \'2 Sept., 
170i!, Israol. sou of Israel and Kli/.ahotli (^llatl\onie) I'orter of 
the Village, b. there i Apr.. I(i80. Their children were : Ginger, 
bapt. ITAusi.. 1707. Sarah, bapt. 10 Feb. ,1710; d. before 17L".). 
Johu,bapt. iL'Mar.. 17U? : d., nnin., in 1742. Israel, bapt. 24,liine, 
171(5. Elizabeth, bapt. •_'(! Apr., 1715>; d. al)0Ut 177l>. Anma, 
bapt. Sept, 1722; ui. Oct. 22, 1741. Peter, .xon of Kev. Peter 
Clarke. JIary, bapt. 24 .\pr., 17:'(">: in. ;U .Ian.. I7t.'>, .loseph, 
son of Joseph and Lydia (Flint) Pulnaiu »^No. 214). 

148 PAirriioLOMKW, b. li>87; bapt. Salem, Oct., 1(588. 

149 Jamks, b. 1(?8;>; bapt. at Salem Village, 22 Feb., 1(>90. 

loO NvriLXN, b. U>'.>2; d. 1723; a mariner, never m. Ailministratlon 
on his estate was granted to his elder brother. James, ll Nov., 
1723. Tlie estate was diviiUd between his brothers and .^isiers, 
viz.: James, Jethro, Sarah Porter, widow. Flizabetli Putnam, 
widow, anrl to the heirs of Bartholomew Putnam, deceased. 
(Essex Prob.) Fv)r some further facts relating to him .see un- 
der Bartholomew, No. 148. 

'*Soo Vol. x\iii, Es^sox Institute Hist. (.'oil. ami also Hov. .\. 1'. l^itu.-un's U'ttors to the 
Daiivors Mirror. D.-iuiol lioa's thst wito was Uonzibah, dan. of Lt. Francis ami Mary 
(Fostoi> reabody. No rooonl of lior tleath exists nor of Ilaiiiel Uoa's second mar- 
riage, but the evidence of the diarist must be acceptod as conflusive. 

.IAMI';S (.ioiin) imitnam, 


IM .loNAiriAN, Icipr. Ill Siilcm V ill;i,^i', l(I!i:'. ; proh. (I. y. 

ir>U AiKMiK.i.MiH, hiijil,. ill Sii,l(Mii Villii;i(!, I July, Hi'.tZ; <l. iil. Cuiulirld^O, 
M M ly, I71H, wiiilt! III! iiti(lri'-^ni,(iiiiU,n iil, IIhiviimI. 

if..". IOm/aiiktii, I). 4 Aii;i;., 171)0; l»ii.|)l.. Siiioiii Vllliij^c, 4 Aiiil;., 1700; in. 
VVIIIIiiiii (No. H2, (/. V.}, i^o.i ()lM<).s(^|)li I'liUiiiiii. Willliiiii Is l.lii! 
only (iiio of t,h() 'riioiiiiiH hnuicli known l,o ho l)nrl(!(l In WikIm- 
vvoi' f.ciin^loi'y, iind Ills y;niv«) 1h cIomi! Wy l.liiil. oC Ari'In'liiiis wlio 
(I. Ill Ciiiiil.iid-r. Sin- 111., 2(1, 2(\-',\-\TM), .loliii (innliKT. 
154 .JiciiiKo, hiipL 111, Mic Vilhi-c, 2 Miiy, 1702. 

.Iami'.s ririNAM u'jis ;i (•iiiiicr iiiliciil iiiL!\ IVom iiis I'.illici-, 
Mi<>. Iioiiicslc.'nl :il. ();ik Kiioll. lie ill turn |):is.s(-(| il, |(»lii.s 
y()iiiio('.s|, son .Iclliio. ,l;iiii('-i riiln.iiii \v;is ndniil lc<| lo IIki 
cliiiivli in I);iiiv(us on (Ik^ 1 C h\-\)., IC.SI) DO; IVcciiimii IC'.IO, 
nnd in IImi yciir 1710-1 1 lylliint; ni;iii :it llnr Vill.iLi;<i. In 
1720-21 li(! is Hlylcij on tli<i records "Liciil." lint, uilli lliis 
('.\('.('|)ljon lid li.'iM only IIk! Iil U; oC "Mr.," wliicli 1 it lo \v;is ;il- 
vviiys Hci'iipiiloiisly oivcn liiiii. Altlioi|o|i never ejuiii;jj t,o hold 
olli<'e lie w:is evident ly e^teeined \>y I he I o\vlls))eo|>le. 

TIk^ lollowiiiL'^ (roiii the S;deiii town records rcdntivc^ (o (ho 
iipporl ionnieni of t ho ri;^lits lo fli<M-oninioii hind is<>sliii;j^ 
lis showin^j^ lJi!il< tli(W)rio'iM;il lioiii(>s|,e;ul reniiiiiKMJ in hish.'inds. 

()</MiiK<! noiiHd 

",I;iiii(!s rnln.iin lor his house I'v. ( ir;iiidl";il licr's 
"(:otl:i,o(^ Iv'iLdit I I 

"l^'or his l;i,lli(u's phu^o sold :uid Mr. I<'i(!eni.'in'ri 
"(Joll,:i;;(» liioht, 2 1" 

" TIk^so entitled lo Ik'iL'hls in the ( loinnion liMuds 
"whose- Houses wer*^ linill, ;trtcr the _y(!iir 1711 

".losiiih I'litiiiiin lionso 

".loseph I'ul-iiMin jr. 

"Siiimiel I'ntiiiiin house 1702. 

" Mr. .loliii I'litiiMiii Sen. his lioiis(;. wooden lives in 

" I)(!ii ]'ile;i/er rntn.ini I )\v<'lliii!j; house near 
" (»eor^(! ( !lays 

" rarraiit I'nl ii;ini hoiis<!. 

" .lames I'litnani .Jr. house. 

".lonalJian I'litnaiu .Jr. Iioiihc. 

" .loseph I*iitiiiuii houHO. 

"Mr. Nathaniel riitnani house 


C:ipt. JoiKithim rutn.-im w:is the most nclivo porsoii in nd- 
iusliiiii,- these eoninioii riulits. lie served the ])r(>i)iiel()rs on 
the "(JiMiul Committee" lor twenty-two years, ;iiul it is doubt- 
less due to him, who Ireiiuenliy one of the selectmen dur- 
ino' this i)eriod th:it we have the records of these hitter meet- 
in^s of the [)ro|)rietors, so complete, 

James rutnam had been tauiilit :i trade, and he in his turn 
taiiiiht his son the same trade, that of briekhiyer. This was 
a custom among many of \\\c early Turitan families. It is 
to the credit of all concerned, that far-sii:hted and wealthy 
men of that day brouiiht up their sons to know a uselul trade 
in case adversity should overtake them, "a"' Dec, 1718, 
dames Putnam, senior, bricklayer, deeds to his son dames 
Putnam junior, bricklayer, land in Danveis." In IT'il and 
1722 he deeds land to his sons Nathan, Partholomew and 
.k'lmcs "luMu natural love and atl'cction." In one of these deeds 
(1722) he mentions his dauiihler Kli/abeth Putnam. (Kssex 
Deeds, L. ;u)-40-;5:).) 

His will is dated on the 2 Mar,, 1720-4, and a codicil 
1 Ai)ril, 1727. Proved 8 May, 1727. 


In the Name of (Jod AnuMi I ,l;iines I'litiiam Sen of Salem 
in the county of Essex in the Province of the jMalsiu-h"^ 
l>ay in New Eiiiilaiid, heinu' sick & weak of body but of 
Perfect Mind and JNIemory Plessed be Cod for itt Do Make 
this my last will and Testament in form and manner fol- 

Imp'^ 1 (live up my Soul to Ood when he shall Please to Call 
for itt and my body to Deacent bnriall alt the Direction of 
JNlv K^vee^ And as to my outward estate I despose of as 
tollowelh. (Item) 1 have Disj)osed of my lands already by 
Deeds of Ci Ills 

Item I Give to My Danghtei- Sarah Porter One Hundred Pounils 

whicli I have already paiil to her antl also live I'ounds which 
I formerly lent to her : 

Item I (Jive to my Daui>htor; F^lizabeth Putnam One Hundred 
rounds of whieh I have paid lifly-three Pounds 


Item I givo to .ny two CJraii.lson.s Joscpli ,^ Willi,-un I'.itna.n 
tlio Soils of my son I{;i.tholom(!vv Tom A peace to ho 
to tlioiu wlieii tlicy come; to l.o Twouly one y(,Mr,s of age 
Item I give to my two (^ra.idcliihlrei, iJartlioloiiKiw Putnam 

and Mary Putnam cliiMren of my son liaitliolomew Five 
shillings Apeaee when tiiey come of ago. 
I ulso givo to my afors" grand Sons ; Josei)h & William Put- 
nam, ono of rny Common Rights Equally bcitween thcnn. 
Item I give my son Jethro Putnam my groat hrass kittle an-l 

my biggest Iron pott and .-ill the rest of my Estate, both 
within Doors and without Doors. 1 givo in Ecpiall haves 
between my two sons James and Jothro, tiioy paying all my 
jiist debts, an.l the soverall legacoys heroin mentioned, i."i 
JOcjnal parts Ixitweeii them. 

IMy will is that the soverall legacoys herein mentioned to be 
l)aid in Monciy, or other good pay oqnivelant to money 
I constitnte and Appoint my two Sons James & Jethro 
Joint Plvec'"* of this My Will 

In Testimony and donlirmation horooC I have here nnto 
sett my hand and seal yo Second J)ay of March 172;}-4 

James i'ntnam & S(!al 
Wittnofs. Robert Hutchinson, Amos PnLnam, Joseph 
Whipple, jr 

Memorandnm Aprill ], 1727 As an Addition or Sup- 
plement to my within Writl,on Will, in considcMation of the 
groat cost and i)ains My Son Jothro Pnttnam halh Ihmmi att 
for me, in my long sickness, I do giv(! to my s.-iid son ,iolhvo 
ont of my sto(rk biiCore his IJrother James and ho divide the 
same, that is to say my two oxen and two Cows, and my 
two Horses and three Shots and six of my Sheep, in Con- 
firmation that this is an addition to my Will I have here 
unto sett my hand and seal ye year and Day above written 
in pr(rseiic(! <jf tluise Witness(!S 
Robert Hutchinson Amos Putnam Joseph Whipple j 


James X Putnam & C. 

Approved and allowed at Ipswich May 8, 1727, before John Apple- 
ton Judge of Prol)ale 

III. 31 Eloazer (John, John),\n)vn Salem Viilacre, inor) ; 
died then; 25 Jany., 1732-."> ; manicd, lirst, ILuinuh, d.-m-di- 


]ns'Ul|;Y OF TlIK riTKAlNl I'AIMILY. 

liT ()( Pjiiiicl :ni(l 1 1:ii)ii:ili ( 1 liih liiiison) 1 Mini (liii;m, horn in 
Ipswuli, 1.'^ l*\'l)., 1()7()-1; MUinicd, second, 11 Nov.. 1711 
(pnl.lishcd 111 Oct., 1711), Kli/id.ctli, d:ini:li(t>r of Mr. lU-iiJ. 
.Mild Appliin (ll:dt>) Hollo of No\vl)nr\', horn tlicro 15 Dei-., 
1 ()71) ; di('<l l' ,l;in., 1 7f)2. Slio \v;is :i si.slcr ol" Al)ii;,;nl, wile of 
.N:illi:ini<d lioarthuMn, :i hrotlicr of IChNizcr ridnam's lirst n\ ilo. 
(MiiKh'cn : 

1,".,". llANNVii. I). .SPi-c, IC'.i;!; l):ipt.. 'Popsllold, l(;Si>i>t., t(;!>l. " IC Sept., 
l(il>l, lliiiiiiali I'liln.'iiii. oiici' lU)iuuiii or Doniuin'" licr (l:mi;lilt'r 
IhsmiMli h;ipt. ;" 111. 1".) Nov., 1711, Dca. N:il luiii, son oT (';i|>1. 
.loliii ;ui(l llaiiiKili (Aiidn-ws) I'eiihody, h LM) ,Iiily, iCS'i; tl. 4 
M;ii-., i:;!.'.. Cliildrcii : Joliii, I). L' \<\\>. ; d. 'JW Kth., 17i;'>. llnu- 
ii.nli, 1). L'T Apr., 1711. Nal liaii, h. i;! Mnr., I7lt;. Kli/.sdii'Mi, b. 11 
Kt'l)., 171S. NiUliMii l*('id)ody livrd in Uoxford ; in., 'Jiid, L'7 
Mill-., 17-.">, Piiscillii 'riiouuis. 
150 ErKA/.KU, I). SScpl.., hiitr. ; hiipl. TopslUdd, \) \\v^., MWH'k 

l.")7 kS.m;aii. 1). L't; Sept., 1(;'.I7. 

158 .IrrriiA, b. 21 Aii,u-., IC!!!) ; Impt. Snloui Yilliiiio, -'"> Anir., 1700. 
loSii! ,losnnMi(iiot. nu'Uiioni'd hy Siiviru'o, niid of whom wo know notliinu). 

159 SA:\u'r.i„ b. :!0 May, 1707; bapl. 1". .Imic, 1707. 

160 llK.NKv, b. II A n-;-., 1712; bapL Saknn Vdla.-iv, 17 An-., 1712; 

killc.d l'.> .\pr., 1775. 
1(!1 Arniiui, b. S .Inly. 171(1; pnb. 27 Oct., M:V,\, to .lohn, son of lU-ii- 
Jamiii and llaiiiiah (^l^iidicoll ") I'orU'r, b. in Stdcin \illanc 1712 
or 17i;», (1. in 17,">;>; Mrs. Ai>piiiali ^^riilnain) rortcr ni., 2nd, 12 
.Vn;;., 17(i"', .\sa, son of 'riioinas ;iiid S.arali ■^Osji'ood) rcrli-y of 
IJoxfonl (si'o note p. TiO). OliiUlrcn : Kli/.abolli, bapt. 12 Oct., 
niif); ni. Asa Lcacli of Hcvcrly. ,I(d\n, bapt. l;> ,lnnc, 17IU'>; d. 
in 177 1. i5cnjaniiii, bapt. 22 Oct., 17;5S. Abiiiail, bapt. 12 Mar, 
1710. K/ra, bapt. 1 .Inly. 1741. Natlian, nr 2;! Mar.. 177;?, 
Lydia (ioodi'idnc. .Vniia, in. 12 Anu'., 17(;'-'. Kiiiiiiali>l. son of 
Major .\sa !iiid Susanna liaili-y. A[>piiia, liai>t. 20 Oct., 17,">i. 
Mary, bapt. ;'>0 May, 17r.(;. 

In (lio possession of tlu' lamily in Cortland, X. Y., arc 
j)apors ont'c the properly of Henry (l)orn 1712) and ainono- 
them is tlu^ lollowino- ;u'eoinit of his iinmediale relativt>s. 

"i)u Jan> l!ie 'JA"' 17;>r-; Kdea/er I'nlnani Departed this 
Ijeifo ahoiil 1(! niiniiti>s .after o ():: the eloek in the afti'rnooii 
in ye ()") \v:\r of Jiis ao-e. 

"' "I'.onnnii or Oovniini." 'riio (nwn i-U'vU of 'I'opsMi'lil ;it lli.'it liiiii' wiolo tlic n;mio 
Poniiim. 'i'lio liojul ol'tlio rtuuily in quostion slgiicil his iiiiiiu' luiwiiiMii ov l!<inn:in. 
Ills (loscoiiitaiits now sju'll their naino IJoartliniin. 

Niillianicl lloimlinnn nicnMoi)8 in liiti will Ins cousins rntnam ami anioiij; IIumii 
llcnry rutnain of CliiirU^town. 


Mother Died J;iiiy 2'"' 17r>2 IxjIvvcm'Ii 7 & 8 in yo nioiii" 
"'i'lio ii^ro ofiLiiitmli is 5(P in 174:i. 
'i'ljo ii<^c of Kl(!iiz(!r is 54 
Tlio Hge o(M("|)lli;i, in ;^(P 
TIh! iii^c! of S;iiiiii(;l i.s 4 2." 

Kr.KAZKit PutnajM lived in Danvcrsaiid was more prominent 
in town and clnircli anUii'H than hi.s hrotht'i- JanKJH. IIo Hct- 
th;d on a Carin north of th(! Gen. Israel Puliiiini house and 
near the 'ro|)s(i('l(l hoiind.iry on tii<; prescMit l*i-(;ston place. 
Jle vvwis a fjinner and prohiihly well oil". 

Kleaz(;r and Hannah Putnam \v(!re admitt(;d to th(! ehureh 
in Salem Village, 7 May, liVM), and on 'M Jan., 171 7-18, he 
Wiw made deacon of thiw church. In 1700 Ik; was chosen ty- 
thin<^man for the Villa;(oand a<^ain in 170;'). He was (;onstal)i(; 
(hnin<; the; year 170>S and siirv<'yor of lii<.diwayH on Topslield 
road in 1711. 

in IflDO IOI(;,'iz(;r Putnam Inid heen one of Capt;un William 
JkMymoud's comp;iny enlisted foi- tlx; "Canada Kxj)edition." 
The; ( lnt\i('.r.i\ (Jourt thought Ho well oi' tliis command that in 
1725 a grant of land was ma<le to the otricors and Holdiers, or 
their luiirs, in Merrimack. Afterward this grant, being found 
to he in N<;w Hampshire, was locat(!d on the Sa(;o liver. 
])urlug the witchcr.-ift delusion i'Jca/er J'ulu;ini "<Jr(!W his 
rnpier" and punclKid at arj iir'agiu;iry (|(;vil or two which 
K(!<;m(!d to he tortui'ing one of the atllictcd girls. According' 
to th(! anci(!nt depositions his thi-nsts wci'e as effective a<'"ainst 
th(! wit(;h as against the French and In<]ians a cfniple of yeai's 

His will is dated .'iOct., 17;i2,and prcjhafed '.) A\>v., ]T.',?,; 
in it li<! mentions his wife Klizahcith, his daughter Ifannah 
P(!al)ody and h(;r childi-en, Matlian, Hannah, and Klizahcjth ; 
his sons I'^h-a/ci- and deptha and daughter Apphiah i^itiiam ; 
his sons Samii<;l and Henry to he executors. An inventory 

''" 50 hikI ;iO;irc imiloiibti;illy iiilHrcudingH Ijy riiy (;orr(;b|>oii(leiit (or 'JO aiui 50, 


of the estate was returned by Samuel Putnam, executor, 22 
Jan., 1733-4. 

III. 32 John (John, John), born Salem Villafjo, 14 »Tnly, 
1(567; baptized at Salem, 14-5-1667; will is dated 7 Jan , 
1731-2 ; proved 21 March, 1737 ; married Hannah . 

Children all born and baptized at Salem Village : 

162 Caleb, b. U Feb., 1G93-4; b;ipt. 1G9(6). 

1G3 Mkhetahi.e, b. 20 July, 1G05 ; bapt. same date as Caleb; m. 7 Feb., 
1715-lG, Joseph, son of Josepli and Bethesda (Folger) Tope, b. 
IG June, 1G87, d. 1755; In will of date of 25 Mar., proved 13 Oct., 
1755, mentions wife Melietable; Joseph Pope was own cousin of 
the famous Dr. Benjamin Franklin. Ciiildren, b. Salem Village : 
Joseph, bapt. 1 Sept., 1717; removed to Pomfret, Conn. Me- 
hetable, bapt. 3 May, 1719; m. Jos. Gardner. Hannah, bapt. 3 
Sept., 1721; m. Gen. Israel Putnam. Nathaniel, bapt. 17 May, 
1724. Eunice, bapt. 30 Apr., 1727; m. Col. John Baker of Ips- 
wich. Mary, bapt. 31 May, 1730; m. Sam'l Williams of Pom- 
fret. Ebenezer, bapt. 9 June, 1734. Eleazer, bapt. 14 Nov., 
1736. Elizabeth, bapt. 14 Oct., 1739. (See Vol. viii, Essex 
Inst. Hist. Coll.). 
164 MiiUAM, b. 9 Feb., 1G98; bapt. 20 Nov., 1G98; m. Stephen {Benj., 
Nath'l, John), Putnam (No. 124). 

165 Moses, b. 29 May, 1700; bapt. 9 June, 1700. 

166 KuTH, b. 13 July,*' 1703; bapt. 18 July, 1703; d. Sept., 1780; m. G 

March, 1722-3, Capt. Samuel, son of Capt. Thomas ( Thomas) and 
Mary (Daniiton) Flint of Sonlh Danvers, b. fhere 29 Sept., 1693, 
and d. 10 Mch.,17G7. Children, b. there : Ruth, b. 14 Jan., 1723-4 ; 
m. Archelaus (James, James, John, John), Putnam (No. 375). 
John, 27 Aug., 1725. Mary, b. 10 Apr., 1730. Samuel, b. 9 
Apr., 1733. Capt. Samuel Flint was a prominent and influential 

167 Hannah, b. 7 May, 1707; bapt. 11 May, 1707; d. 16 June, 1798; m. 

2 Dec, 1730, James Prince, bapt. 12 Jan., 1700, and d. 1775, ge. 70 
yrs. (g. s.). His w. d. 19 June, 1798, se. 93 (g. s.). Buried in 
the Prince burial ground at Beaver Brook. Children : James, b. 
15 Sept., 1731 ; d. 27 July, 1796, ae. 65 (g. s.). Huldali, b. 9 Feb., 
1733-4 ; David, b. 27 Nov., 1738. John, b. 26 Jan., 1743-4. John, 
b. 20 Nov., 1745. Amos, bapt. 14 Feb., 1747-8. 

John Putnam is generally styled 3rd, on the records. He 
was made freeman in 1690, and held many minor town offices. 
In connection with his father he is supposed to have built the 

21 Or 13 February. 



"old Cliirke House," not far north of O.ik Knoll. In his will 
of 1732, hedevisesto wife Hannah, son Caleb, who is appointed 
executor, daughter Mehetable Pope, daughter Ruth Flint, 
daughter Miriam Putnam, daughter Hannah Prince, and 
grandson INIoses. 

Under date of Apr. 1, 1709, Rev. Joseph Green notes the 
burning of "John Putnam 3d's house." 


I 1. Roger Pkeston, aged 21 years, came to America in the Eliza- 

beth of London, 1635, and settled in Ipswich. In 1657 he sold 
his property there and in 166u he was an innkeeper at Salem; 

m. Martha . Children : (2) Thomas, b. 1643. (3j Samnel', 

b. 1651. John. Jacob, b. 1658, lost on a fishing voyage, 1679. 

II 2. Thomas Preston, m. 15 Apr., 1669, Rebecca, daughter of 

Francis and Rebecca Nurse. He died 1697. Children : Re- 
becca, b. 12 May, 1670 ; m. Ezekiel Upton of Reading. Mary, 
b. 1671; m. Peter Cloyse, of Framingham. (4) John, b. 20 
Nov , 1673. Martha, b. 21 Oct., 1676; m. 7 Dec, 1705, David 
Judd. Thomas, m. Anna Leach. Elizabeth, b. 1680; d. 21 
Nov., 1693. Jonathan. David. 

II 3. Samuel Preston, m. in Andover, 27 May, 1672, Susanna Gut- 

terson. Children: William, b. 11 Jan., 1674. Susanna, b. 
30 March, 1677; m. 20 March, 1705, James Holt. Mary, b. 
5 Jan., 1678; m. 26 March, 1702, Benj. Russell. Jacob, b. 24 
Feb., 1681 ; m. Sarah Wilson. Elizabeth, b. 14 Feb., 1682; m. 
John Holt. John, b. 1 May, 1685; m. Mary Harris. Mary, 
b. 1 May, 1685. Joseph, b. 26 June, 1687; m. Rebecca Put- 
nam ([)erhaps No. 104). Ruth, b. 7 Feb., 1689; m. Hugh 

III 4. John Preston, m., 1st, Elizabeth ; m., 2d, 28 Dec, 1736, 

Mrs. Mary Rea. Children : (5)Moses, b. 6 July, 1715. (6) John, 
b. 4 Sept. 1717. Philip, b. 6 Mar., 1719; m. Ruth Putnam 
(No. 177). 

IV 5. Moses Preston, m. Mary Leach. Children b. in Beverly: 

Elizabeth, b. 14 Dec, 1736; m. 18 Sept. 1755, James Prince of 
Danvers Joseph, b. 14 June, 1733, drowned while bank 
fishing, 1761. 
IV 6. John Prkston, m. 12 July, 1744, Hannah Putnam (No. 264), 
who d. 28 March, 1771. He d. 14 June, 1771. 


IV. 40 Ann {77iO)nas, T/ionia.'i, Jo//n), born Salem ^'il- 
Inoo, 18 Oct., U)70; tliod Ihoiv, 171() ; will dalod 20 May, 
1715, provod 29 June, 171(>. In it she inoiitii)iis hor brotliors 
Thomas,, Timothy, Seth ; sisters, Elizabeth, Ex- 
IHM'ienee, Abioajl aiul Susanna ; her brolluM' Thomas (o be 
exeeulor. Ann Putnam, so notorious in the year ot" l(Ut2, 
never mari'ieil. She made a public eonl'ession : her statement 
jn"e\iously prepared by Kov. Mr. (Jreen was read by him and 
received by the church, 25 Au<x., 17l)(). Her health was 
broken by the excitements of l()02 and she sank into an early 
orave. As the story of Ann Putnam's lile is the story of tho 
Sulem Witclu'raft, the I'cader is referred, llrst, to the Rev. 
Mr. Upham's work on the sul>ject, and secondly to the chap- 
ter of this work especially uiven up to the history of the \y,\vt 
tho Putnam family took in the delusion. There will also bo 
found Ann Putnam's confession and each reader may decide 
for himself (u- herselt whether or not Ann Putnam was do- 
menteil, inthuMU'cd by outside agencies, or entii-ely respon- 
sible ior the teailul t'-agcdy. Her interment was the last in 
the old Putnam toml) in the Thomas Putnam l)urial-<in)uml. 

IV. 41 Tlionias (ly/omaft, T/mmas, Jo/ni), boi-n Salem 
Yillaiic, 1) Feb., 1(581: died there about 1757; married in 
Ipswich, 10 April, 1705, Elizabeth Whipple. 

Auii". i\, 1712, Thomas Putnam and Elizabeth his wife ad- 
mitted to Salem Villaije church. 

Children, all baptized at Salem \^illaire, now the Ncu'th Par- 
ish, Danvers : 


h;8 Tiiomah, bnpt. 25 Aiij^., 1700; d. y. 

!';;> J'liiNKAH, bjipt,. 4 A\n:, llvH. 

J 70 iVUrniKW, bapt. 10 Feb., 170t>. 

17) lOr.i/AisKiil, Impt. « July, 17)2; rri. 0'"b. 24 July, I7.';i;, Dariiol 
KiM'riii:<lon oi' Atidovor. 

172 Kjjknkzkh, bfipt,. 17 Jan., 171.'5-]4. 

173 ASSA, bapt. Mfiy, 1710; rri. Cpiib. 4 Oct., 17.';4), I>atii«'l, hod of 

Ciipt. John hikI Kli7,ab(;fli C Welti) (iarflner of Duuvi-rn, h. 2.5 
Dec, 1700; will proved 1 Oct., 17.'/). Cliildreti : 8aniuel, h. 
4 Mar., 17;50-7. I>ani<I,, 12 .W.v., J7.'}8: m. Kmrna Rea and 

removed to Liineiibur{<. ^nna, baj^t. 8 Oct., 17J38; in, 

Brewer. Jtntb, bapt. 81 Sept., 1740; m, EHteH. George, 

bapt. 2'.) Aug., 1742. IJenjarnln. Ebcriezcr. Lydia, rn. 

Clark. Elizabeth, Sarah, Esther, all bapt. 'J Oct., I7r,7. Mr.s, 
Anna n'ntnam; Oardner m., 2d, )'.> July, 1704, Andrew, won of 
Eot Oonant, of Concord. She wan lii.s third wife. (See Conant 

174 Tiio.viAH, bfipt. 27 July, 1718. 
17r» Saiiaii, bapt, ]>', Nov., 1720. 

176 Samijkl, bapt. 5 Jiin,, 1723, 

177 livrii, bfipt. 22 Oct., 1727; m., Int, 20 June, 1747, Tliilip, f-on of 
Jr>i)n and Elizabeth ProHlon of Danvers, b Mar., 1710; d. x.p., 
14 A]>r., 1748 (nee note p. I'.'.j; in., 'And (pub, 20 Oct., 1751), 
Siunuel Klnibidl, of Andover. 

I'erley J'ulniiui al«o HiipplicH him wiih a Hon Michael. 

1'homah I'c'ina.m \v;ih !ih Ik; sfiilcH ill liin will (>{' (|;il(; oi' 22 
Miir., 17.74, "of l>;iiivciH, liii:sl);i)i'liiiJiii." 'JIiIh will w;ih 
)d-()V('(] 15 July, 1757. J}y it Ik; l«fjiio!iiliH to hi- dfniolitciH, 
Klizjiljcth FiiiTiii^(tf)ii, Ami.'i (iMrdnci-, liiitli Kiniljall, aiifl ap- 
point. s hi.s Hoii SiiriiiK-i, cxcrriitoi-. Ah no ollici' cliildrcn iir<5 
nu'nlioii(;<l it i.4 [)rol»;iMr; they wc'i'f; (J<;(;<-u.sf;iJ. Invciitf^ry vva.s 
rcn(J(;i(;d 2'.) Mar., 17.08. 

IV. 43 Ebcnozor C7y/,o/////,.s-, 77i.oma.H,John),l<>vr\y,u\('.iu 
Yilhiiro, 2.'; .inly, 108.0; iniptizcd Kirst Cliiircli, Salem, 0(tt., 

1G85; died ; rnanicMJ at Charlcstovvn, 10 (^ct., 1712, 

Margery, duii^rliter of JoHcpli (JMVjrence) and Mary (George) 
DowHe, liorn 22 Feb., 108.0-0; })aptized Koxhury, 13-4- 
1080. Ill 1728, Marg<!ry, daughter oi' Joseph Dowse wan 
Ijeir to her falher'H Narragansett rights. Joseph Dowse liad 
l>eeii a liooper in Moseljy's ecnnpany, 107.S. 


KuKNK/.Kij PiTNA^i \v:is M mnriuor ;iiul proUiibly roi^idoil ii\ 
Charlestow 11, 'Plio lollDwiiiii entries in MicKUosox dooils relate 
to liini : 

171 1), reet>r(letl 17iM. Sti>plien liuteher aiul \\\{'o (Mary, 
sister o[' Marii;er\), \]. rntnainaiul wife, Aliee ami b^li/.ahetli 
Dowse (also sisters, Aliee niarrieil Kohert ^^'ri^•ht, 1720; 

Elizabeth niarrieil Oyer) to William Uaiul. 1 Sept., 

17i;t. K. rutiiain l)uys of ni»wse heirs one aere, ami n Oee., 
1720, sells the same to Eleazer Dowse. In this last deed he 
styles himself "i)f Charlestown, mariner." Not known to 
have hail any ehililren. (See Wyman's Estates ofCharlestowii 
and Howse (u-nealouy, by A. M. Dows.) 

IV. 45 Tiinotliy ( 77/f);;/a,s\ ly/owa.'i, Jo/ni), horn Salem 
"\'illai>e, baptized there, '2^^ A[)ril, l(iS)l ; died in Tewksbnry 
after a lono- illness, 3 Xov., 17(>2: married in Newbury, '2d 
Sept., 1718, Eleanor Doare, died at Tewksbnry of fever 
b May, 17(>r). 

Children, born in Newbury: 

178 'riu>M\s, 1). lo .T:in., 1719-20. 

17'J Ki.i/.Ainvni. b. 1 Ani;.. 17.1: in. at Towkslnuy, 28 Apr., 1744, 
!N;Uh;ui sou of Nathan ninl Kxpi-rionco (I'ntnain') Haik'v (No. 4(5) 
of Towkslnuy. b. in Niwbiin-, 11 Dcr.. 17'J1.» Ciiildreu: Natlian 
bapt. r> Jmu', 1714. U.tty. d. ol Oct.. 1744. Botty. hapt. 11 
Alls;.. K-l"). KxpiTionco. bapt. '2'2 Mar.. 1747. Uaunali, bapt. 
2 Apr.. 1740. Sii.^ianiudi. d. !> .liily, 1750. Kloanor, bapt. 14 
July, 1751. Molly, bapt. ;! .hiuo, 17o3. ratioiice, bapt. 5 Apr., 

180 Ann.v, b. 2 Nov.. 172;?. 

181 Ki.KNoK. b, (1 UiH'., 172."). 

182 TiMOTUv. b. 21 Jiiiu', 1728; d. at Towkt^biiry of a violent fovor, 

14 Fol) . 17:)3. 

183 S-VMiM-.i,. b. 10, Ian.. 17oO-l, d. at Lake George, of lever, 10 Sept., 


TnioTUV PrrN.vM. in early ni.inlu>od left D.-mvers, settliui? 
ill \\'est Newbury amono- his kins[)eo[ile the Ixiileys. In 
deeils o[' date from 171o to 174,">, he is stvled weaver. He 
inheritiMl propiMty fi'om ,loshua U.-iiK-y the hiisbaud of his aniit 
E.xpiMienee and about 1744 removed to Tewksbiiry ; thither 
also many of the Hailexs had reiui)veJ. Erom the ehureh 


records wc loarn llial, on Mk; 1st of Apiil, 1714, \hcvo wcro 
received into IIk; (;Inirch at TewUshury, (Voin \Uo, 3d church 
ill, Nciwhury, "" \vi(h)\v I^jxpericiicc Piitnani," David liaih'y and 
wife and Jonathan liuloy. On the HlliScpt., 1748, Mrs. 
Anna and KhMior Putnam; on tho '4 Siipt., 17 11), i\Ir. Nathan 
Bailey and Elizalx^th his wile all from tlu; 3d clinrchat New- 
bury, iind on the 13 Jan., 17(>0, Mr. Timothy Putnam and 
■wife fro !n the 1st church at Newhury. Doubtless all of these 
had been residents of Tinvksbury for many years but had 
not obtained a dismissal from IIkmi' old churcdi. '^rimolhy 
Putnam, ji\, and his brother Sanmel imited with the; Tcnvks- 
buiy chuich, tiie lirst on 21) rlidy, 1 7.^)0, tin; second on 2!) Apr., 
1753. Administration on the estate of Timothy Putnam of 
Tewksbury was o;ranted 22 Nov., 17(52. In 17(]l), Klenor 
Putnam his daughter c(jmpiained of the administrator, Nathan 

IV. 49 Seth (77/(mias, 77/ovias, Jo//n), Ihuu in Saletn 
Village, May, Ki!):); died at Charlestown, N. II., 30 Nov., 
1775; miirried j() Sept., 1718,lvuth, daughter of Whip- 
ple, born — —, 1()<J2; died in Charlestown, N. II., 1 Feb. ,7 

Children bwrn at Billeiica : 
184 Ehkxiczki:, h. 8 Aiij;., 1710. 

ISO KuTn.b. n Oct., 1720; d. ; in. .TOct., 1710, Tctor Larnihoo of 

S.iloiimncM'vvju'ds orciiiu-lestowii, N. II. (;iiil(li(!ii : liiiili, b. 1747. 
lOlizabelli, b. 174!). P(;tcM-, b. 1750; in. Sjinili Kennedy, reter 
Iviirrabce, senior, was t,id<en prisoner by llio Indians in 1751, l)nt 
eseu|)e(l, and afterwards became one of llie niosl prominent meu 
in C'liarlestown. 
18G Sauah, b. IG Mar., 1721-2. 

187 Setii, b. 14 Mar., 1723-4; l<illed by (lie Indians 2 May, 1746, Says 
JJelluiap in his liistory of N. II., Vol. n, p. 24.^: "Tlie enemy 
was scattered in small parties on all the frontiers. At Nnm- 
berFour, some womcsn went out to millitlieir cows, witli Major 
Josiaii Willard and several soldiers for their j^uard. Eij^iit In- 
dians who were concealed in a barn, fired on them and killed 
Scth Tutnam ; as they were scalpin-j; him, Willard and two more 
llred on them and mortally wounded two, whom their compan- 
ions carried olf." 


ISS Ki.iz.viucrii, b. ('. v^opt., 17l.\">. 

189 Thomas, h. l'-.> Oct., K.'S. 

l;tO vSi'svNN.v, I). S Jan., 17;U)-1. 

101 TiMoiiiY, b. lT. Doi-.. ir;il.>. 

Sivni PuTNAiM was oiio ol'tlio oaiiiosl i)flho HanvtMs Tut- 
iiaius to ii(» t'ortli into (lu> wildmau'ss and luako a homo tor 
liiinsc'ir ami tamily. In 17i;>, MaiH-h iM , ho hoiiulil i)f Saninol 
^^'alI^ol^ for r'JOO, a liousi> lot .aiul sixty at-ros ot" laiul in liillo- 
rioa. llis farm l)o<ian at Sliawshin hi'idiio ami was honmlcd 1 

l)y tlu> v\\cv on tlu> wosi. IKmo ho livod until al)i)nt 1750* 
wluMi ho roniovotl to N'umbiM- Fonr, now C'harlostown, N. II. 
This front iiT ]Hist had Ixhmi foarfidly exposed to Imlian at- 
taoks, ami l)nt ihroo o( [he original urantoos had st'ttiod thoro. 
In 17l(>, N'nmI)or Four had boon ahamloned by the inhabitants 
who ti>ok np thi'ir aboilo for tlu" most part in (noton, Ijunon- 
buru' and lii'iMuinstor, Mass, In 1747, tiio plaoo wasaiiain 
i:,arrisono^l and on '2\ ehmo, 17,")1, a I'ompany of tho sctth'rs 
was ornani/.ed with IMunoas Stevens as eajilaiu. On (he rolls 
of this rom[)any are found the names of two sons of Seth, 
vi/,., and Thomas. 'Ph<> tatiier was at (,'liarU>stown, 
but not on the eompany rolls. Putnam also served 
under New Hampshire in M'h^. In IT')') upon a petition of 
the inhal)itants of C'liarlesti)\vn, tourtiHMi in mifuber, amonii' 
whom were Seth and Fbene/er Putnam, Massat-hnsetts auain 
•garrisoned the town. Tlune had been ten Indian attacks 
between 17,") I)-! 7,"),"), and New llanipshiro had taileil to af- 
t"ord tlu' town any protection. 

On tho 18 Pel)., 17,")1, a eommittee which hatl been ap- 
pointed by New Hampshire to examine \n{o tho claims of 
persons to laud at Oharlestown, rc[)ortcd torty-threo claims 
besides tlu> hcii\s of Obadiah Sartwcll. A mom;- the torty- 
three were Mr. Seth Putnam, Pbene/.er Putnam and Thomas 
Putnam, to each of whom was set a[)art p\ of tho whole. 

After the close o[' hostiliiies, (^harlcstc)wn was no lonuor 
a frontier town and by 17(50 a tide of emigration set in which 
soon tilled the country with desirable settlers and gave tho 


iiili;il)i(;iii(s of old NuimIkm' l^'oiir, :mi()nij;; lliciii 1,Ihi I*ii(ii;iin 
rjimily, lli(W)|)|)(»iliiiiity loii^" wIsIkmI (or, lo ctillivMLti llicir 
l:iriii.s Mild ('stal)lisli a lloiiri.Nliiiijj^ (own. 

Sclli I'liliiaiii liclpcd lonii (lie first clmicli al ( 'liailcslowii 
and was one ol" the liist ten iiicinlicis. Il(^ seen is lo liav(! Itccii 
liiiilily respected by his iiei^j^lihors. On 14 Aii<i;., 1753, tlio 
iiist town iiieeliiio' at (Miai lestown was ludd and Setli i*iiliiaiii 
was elioseii lylliiii^ iiiaii. 

Oil his loiiil)s(()ii(' is \\ir loliowiii^ iiisciiplioii : 

"'rill! iiiciiiory of llu: junI. is blcsl." 

on his wile's, 

"Sw(!(!t, soul wt! I(ii\t! tli('(! lolliy rest, till vvi; .sliiill iiicct tlici; iihovi; willi 

IV. 50 DoaconEdward ( h'dmml, y/iov/as, Jo/ni), horn 
ill Salem V'illa,u<! 21) April, I (!<S2 ; hapti/ed atllie ehuich in 
Salem Ihe lollowili^ Oetohei- ; died in iMidd j('toii, 2.'{ Oct., 

1755 ; married, lirst, Sarah ; mai-ri(Ml, second, .'5 Se|)t., 

17o5, I\Irs. I'riscilla ,)ew(!tt of Rowley, widow of NeluMiiiah 
J(!vvelt who died 2 l^'eh,, l7.'{2-.'5. SIk; was lli(Mlaiiii,hler ol" 
Nalhaniid and I'riscilla (('arr(dl) liradslrec^t and was horn 
22 Sept., lOM!), and died in Rowley u Sept., 17;;(;. Ry her 
first hnshand she had four children, vi/. : ,Iereiiiiali. J(!mim:i, 
who married ,Ioseph Scolt. Rriseilla, who niarri(M|, (irst, Za(!- 
clieiis Rerkiiis; scm-oikI, lion. Ilimiphrey llohson. ('alcl).'-"-' 

lie marri(Hl. tliii'(l,2l l\'\)., 17.'>()-7, Mnrlhu Xiirse widow 
of b'raiKMs Niirse of R(;adiiiu^. She was dismissed to tlu3 
clinreh in Mi<ldletoii from K'cadinj^' in 17.").S. 

He marrie(I, foiirlh, 2!) Nov., 17 I,'), Mary Wiikiiis, [)erlia[).s 
Avidow of Daniel Wilkiiis-' of INIiddloton. 

(Jhildren l)a|)li/-ed at Salem Villa<^(): 

102 IIoi.YOKic, I). 25) S(!pt., ITOC. 
i;t;! Sahaii, I). 28 Nov., 17()H; in. !i,L Middkil.oii, 2 All^^, I7:'.I, .I()Mc|iIi 


194 KuwAUU, b. ;iO Juik;, 1711; d. 17 Feb., IHOO. 

!'••' Sc(! 11.21, Vol. .\XII, KhH(!X IllHt. Coll. 

'■'■' llMiirv WilkiiiM WMH willow of Diiiiicl WilkiiiH, Umii h\w wiih llio (litiiKhl.ur ol' .John 
and Miiiy ((jjouhl) llulcliiusou; Abigail, another auuBlilor, miirnctl licnjaniin I'uUuini. 


1!).") RusANN.v, b. 17 .laii.. 17i;>-l. 

r.X; Maky, I). 10 Fob , 1717 ; iii. previous to 17f)5, Flint; pvob. tlio 

Mfiry who in., l?(! Apr., 17;>7, Kl>on, son of Ebon aiul (<orlriulc 

(I'op.'^i Kliul. of Dr.icnl.. Cliildron : Molly. MiU-s. Nolioniiah. 

I)!i\i(l. KliJ.Mli, 1). 1.') Nov., 1717. Saniuol. Simeon, slaii\ in 

linllK" of W'hilo Plains. 

197 Ki'su-K, 1). i;!Scpt. 1711); ni. 1'.) Si-pt., 171:1, 'PhoniMs Lovoll. 

198 AituiAii., b. 11 S('|)t., 1720; ni. IT) Apr., 1741, Israol (^irlis. 
l!i;) l,ois, b. 1<) April, 17l.'l. 

200 Mill's,!). r> Si'pt., 172."). 

201 Hannah, b. L';> April, 17L'7; m. S May, 17l(!, Amos Fnllcr. 

Kdwaui) Putnam rrciMvcd iVoiu his falhor a oifl. of land in 
]\Ii(l(lU't()ii ami luMo lio (vstaMishcd liiiiisi'If alllu)iii»;li owniiio; 
])i()[)crty ill nanvcrs, \vlu>ro he was taxed as lato as 1755. 
flaii.., 170(), lioth he and his wife Sarah were ;i(huitt('d lo (ho 
chiiri'h at. iSaUMU \'illaoi', and on UJ Nov., 17'_';>, \hvy, with 
olhors, were dismissed lo form the ehiireii in MiddU'toii.'-' In 


]7o8 Edward l*iitiiam, jr., was t-hosen (K'aeon ol" tht> ehnn-h 
thmv ; he was also the tirsl to\vn chnk and one of the tir.-^t 

On 1 May, 17.'vt, Kdward Putnam, junior, o\' Miihlleton, 
husl»andm;in, stdls, vie, lo ThomasCave of MiddK^ton ;i pareel 
of land and ,\, part of Iron works standi no- on Pout. Brook 
Pond, also ^. [)art. of stream, hammer, anvil, hellows, ete. 
(Kssex Deeds 78-5.) 

JMlward Putnam's farm was Just within the limits of INIid- 
dleton and heie, .aeeording' to (len. Hufus Putnam, he ilied 
at a o'ood old aoe. 

In his will Deaeon Ivlward menticMis his ehildren'-'' Martha 
Nurse and Timothy Nurse, heirs of Jonathan Nurse and Sam- 
uel Swan, late of Keadino-. 

IV. 52 Doacon Elislla {EduHtnl, T/tonias, Jo/in), 
horn in Salem \'illaoi>, ,"> Nov., l()85 ; dieil in Sutton, 
U) June, 17 15; married, lirst, at Salem, 10 Feb., 1710, llan- 

■J«'riu« voti' ol'llio i-limch ■•ail W roiiiui p.'JIS, Vol. \u. N. K. 11. CJ. Hoy;. Tlio lamilios 
disniisscil woro tlioso of Wilkius, KuUer, Koiiiiy anil Putnam. 

■•">l5y lu'\- lii^llHitilianil, Marl li;i Nuiso hail .loQatliaii, b.l7Hi; Martlia, b. IT'.'-.*; riuiotliy' 
b. IT-.M; Saimicl, b. 17Jt!; Calob, b. l~,-2'X 



nah Marljle of Salem ; mairied, second, 15 Feb., 1713, Susan- 
na, danglitoi" of Jonathan and Susan (Trask) Fuller of Tops- 
field, born 1G95. 

Children (the first five born in Salem Village, the remain- 
der in Sutton) : 

202 Elisha, b. 2 Dec. ; bapt. 8 Jan., 1710; d. , 1758. 

203 Hannah, bapt. 8 Sept., 1717; d. ; m. in Sutton, 18 An?;., 173G, 

Jonathan, son of Samuel and Abigail (Kinj-?) Dudley; Ch. : Jona- 
than, b. 22 Marcli, 1788. Hannah, b. 20 Jan., 1740. John, b. 20 Auf?., 
1743. Prudence, b. 4 May, 1747. Ainie, b. 9 April, 1753. Samuel, 
b. 4 Jan., 1755. Peter, b. 10 Jan., 1758; d. 8 Sept., 1836. 

204 Neiikmiaii, b. 22 March, and bapt. 21) March, 1719; d. 27 Nov., 


205 Jonathan, b. 19 July, bapt. 3 Sept., 1721. 

206 Susanna, bapt. 8 Sept., 1723 ;d. ; m., 1st, in Sutton, 24 Feb., 

1742, Timothy, son of Timothy and Keziah Holton, b. 5 Sept., 
1719. Ch. : Kezui, b. 10 Nov., 1743; m. 29 Nov., 1708, Solomon 
Cook. Timothy, b. 1 May, 1745. Elisha, b. 17 Feb., 1752. Su- 
sanna, b. Nov., 1755; m. 29 Aujr., 1779, Benjamin Cogswell. 
Sarah, b. 20 May, 1758. Mrs. Susanna Holton in., 2d, John 
Whipple, and had perhaps John, b. 15 Mar., 176G. Perley, b. 
6 June, 1709. 

207 Mauy, b. 12 June, 1725; d. 22 Apr., 1730. 

208 Stkpiien, b. 4 Apr., 1728; d. 5 March, 1803, in N. H. 

209 Amos, b. 22 July, 1730; d. 19 Aug., 1804 (Perley Putnam MSS.), 

17 Sept., 1811 (Hist. Sutton). 

210 EuNiCK, b. July, 1732; d. at Windham, uiim. 

211 HoLDAH, b. 25 May, 1734; m. Daniel Matthews, son of Daniel and 

Eunice (Morse) Matthews, b. 28 Oct., 1725. Ch : Sarah, b. 1764; 
d. 10 June, 1802; m. 8 Apr., 1782, Joseph Willson, who was grand- 
father of liev. Ednuind Burke Willson of SaUnn. 
212 RUKUS, b. 9 Apr., 1738 ; d. at Marietta, Ohio, 4 May, 1824; General 
iu Revolutionary army. 

Elisha Putnam of Topsfield, husbandman, Jonathan Ken- 
ny of Boxford, do., Joseph White of Salem, joyncr, Josiah 
White of Salem, husbandman, Samuel White of Salem, do., 
Samuel Carril of Boxford, cooper, buy of William Wait of 
Sutton, husbandman, and Abiel his wife for £658, five hun- 
dred acres of land in the Nipmug country, being the north- 
ern half of the grant of 1000 acres to C;)l. Elisha Hutchinson 
and Isaac Addington by the General Court iu 1713. One 


Aveek rtt'teiwtiid Elisha and Susjiiuuih Putnam, Jonathan and 
Keboooa Kenny, eloseph and Beatrix AVhite, Josiah White, 
Samuel and Dinali AVhite, Samuel and Kebewa Carril, mort- 
g-age the same tmet to Thomas Hutchinson of Boston tor 
£tH^O. The mortgage to run until 10 Aug., 17i*3. This 
mortgtige was witnessed bv Jonathan, AVilHam and Anna Ful- 
ler. ^ (Y^^^- ^"^^^ P- -3'^ Sutlolk Deeds.) 

Of the alx>ve, Elisha Putnam, Jonathan Kenney, Josiah 
"White and Samuel Carriel, settled in Sutton. Exactly at 
what date Elisha Putnam took up his final abode in Sutton is 
not known: prv^bably in 1725, perhaps in lT2o. Isvaac Put- 
nam and Jeptha Putnam bought land in Sutton about 1723 
and settled there. ^S'athaniel and Stephen Putnam bought 
land tbei-^ in 1726. 

In the year 1726, the name of Putnam fii-st api>ears on 
Sutton Eei-ords, and the particular mention is that of Elisha 
Putnam l>eing appointed one v)f a committer to treat with their 
minister, an un|H)rtaiit matter to our ancestors. Fivtu this 
time to his death Elisha Putnam was pn.>minent in church 
and town aflaii-^. He had the executive ability which his 
father had shown in Danvers ; and the people of Sutton, real- 
izing this, honoreil him in many ways. He w ;C^ representative 
to the Geuerul Court, town clerk and treasurer, besides hold- 
ing many minor oiSces. 

In 1730 he was admitted to the church :md chosen deacon 
in 1731. Gen. Kufus Putnam iu his memoirs of the Putnam 
family says. '^lu justice to the character of my father I ought 
to mention that he was much respected as a citizen and a 
Christ ian.'* 

The Kev. Dr. Hall in his diary says that "Deacon Elisha 
Putnam was a very useful man iu the civil and ecc!, - - 
Cv>iicerus of the place. He was for seventl years c , 
the church, town clerk, town treasurer and representative 
iu the General Court, or Colonial Assembly of Massac .> 
setts. He died in June, 1745, iu the Joyful hope of the g^^ry 
of G*.>d.*' 


Tho tann U[>,>u which Klisha Putnam sottloil in Sutton is 
tht' \->\:\cc now known as the Froohuul estate. Tlie remains 
of the oKl cellar were still to he seen a few years ago. Tho 
house, which succeeiled the tirst house, Avas a tine specimen of 
a coh)nial mansiiMi and was built to resemble the house of 
an English n(,>blcman. 

IV. 53 Joseph (Edward, T/iomas, Jolin^, born in Salem 
Village 1 Nov., 11587 ; died there. Will dated 8 eTune, 1772, 
proved 2G Xov., 1773. ^lentions sons Josej)!! and Oliver, 
Lvdia, daughter of his son Joseph, and grandson Joseph. Ho 
married Lydia Flint. 


213 Or.ivKi:. b:ipt. Salera Villiise. 21 Oct., 1722. 
21-i JosKiai. b;ipt. Salem Villaire, 20 Apr.. 1724. 

dosKPii rrrx.\:>[ was known as eToseph 'Muni(n'" nntil the 
death of his uncle. He was one of the tirst selectmen of Dan- 
vers, 4 March, 17JJ2. 

IV. 57 Elision Ezra {Edicard, 77iomas, John), born in 
Salem Village, 2i) Apr., IGUG ; died Middleton, 22 Oct., 1747. 
AVill dated o Sept., 1747, proved 30 Dec, 1747. jNIentions 
■widow Elizabeth, daughter Marv, son Xehemiah to be solo 
executor, son Ezra a ir.inor ; married G iNIarch, 1719 (another 
authority IG ^larch, 1719), Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas 
and Elizabeth Fuller ba]it. Salem Village, 21 Sept., 1707; 
died in Middleton, 21 Oct., 1747. 

Children : 

215 Euz.UiKTH. bapt. Salem Yilbge, 7 May, 1721; d. in ;MiiU1leton 17 

Sept.. 1747. 
21G Maky, b:ipt. Salem Villajxe, o March, 1722; d. 14 Dec, 17Sti. Mrs. 

Averill, witli apparent reason, thinks she ni. 17 Feb., 1749, Eph- 

raim Fuller, a brother of Amos (see No. 201). Eplu'aim Fuller d. 

20 Feb., 1792. Their sister, Rachel Fuller, m. Rev. AVin. Phipps, 

13 Nov., 1751, and removed to Pouy.las. 
217 Nehemiah, bapt. at Salem Villaire, 5 Sept., 1725 ; d. in Middletou, 

23 Oct., 1747. 
218 EzKA, bapt. Salem Villtige, 8 June, 1729. 
2U> Kuril, bapt. 17 Mar., 1734; d. in Middletou, IG Dec, 1747. 


Ezra Putnam, sknioii, was of Middloton and was styled 
"yooinan." llo bought land in TopsHold from his brothors and 
cousins. TopstloUlthon inchuUHl part of Middleton. The farms 
of Deacon Edward and his sons are all in that part ot what is 
now IVIiddleton near Danvers, and in some instances crossing 
the Danvers line. Deacon Edward gave each of his sons a 
farm. To Isaac, within a week of his removal to Sulton, he 
gave the homestead. Isaac sold to Ezra. 

IV. 58 Isaac {Edioard, Thoimtfi, Jo//n), born in Salem 
Village 14 March, 1698 ; died in Sutton, 1757; married 20 
Dec, 1720, Anna Fuller. 

Children : 

220 rniNKAS, b. Salem Village, 1 Oct. and hapt. 7 Oct., 1722. 

221 A.SAiMi, 1). Salfiu Village, 11 Sept. ami hapt. 20 Sept., 1724. 

222 Anna, 1). Salem Village, 27 July and hupt. 31 July, 172(;; probably 

m., 31 Oct., 1745, Josiah Trask of Sutton. Oh. : Peter, b. 22 
May, 1741!; d. 7 Oct., 1803. John, b. 2 Dec, 1747; d. 19 Mar., 
1748. Isaac, b. 22 May, 1749. 

223 Susanna, b. in Sutton, 20 Aug., 1728; m. 15 Jan., 174(i, John Sadler 

o( Upton. 
224 Nathan, b. in Sutton, 24 Oct., 1730. 

225 Ei>WAUi), b. 5 Feb., 1733; d. young. (Gon. Itufus I'utnam's ac- 

count.) »• 

226 Isaac, b. 4 Nov., 1734. 
227 Lydia, b. 20 Oct., 173(5. 

228 Danucl, b. 28 March, 1731). 

Isaac Putnam of Topsiield, yeoman, buys 23 May, 1726, 
of John Hutchinson of Salem, yeoman, 125 acres in Sutton 
for £810. This land bounded on Jeptha Putnam's purchase. 
He also in Dec., 1726, bought 83 acres of the Davenport 
farm, which adjoined his former purchase. He was "of Tops- 
li(dd" when this last deed was drawn, but probably soon after- 
ward settled on his purchase in Sutton. He was dismissed 
from the church in Salem Village to the church in Sutton, and 
was admitted there 1 Feb., 1730. His name does not appear 
on Sutton records later than 1740, and it is not known that 
any of his posterity now live there. His son, Phineas, had 
the homestead in Sutton. 


IV. 82 William {Joseph, Thomas, John), born in Salem 

Village, 8 Feb., ; baptized 14 July, 1700 ; died 19 U.xy, 

1729 (gravestone Wadsworth cemetery) ; married in Salem, 
30 Jan., 1723, Elizabeth, daughter of Lt. James {John, John) 
Putnam (No. 133), born 4 Aug., 1700 ; married, second, 2(5-3- 
1730, Capt. John, baptized 16 Feb., 1706-7, son of John 
and Elizabeth (AVeld) Gardner of Salem. Mrs. Gardner 
died of apoplexy, 4 Feb., 1764. Capt. Gardner died 15 Jan., 
1784 ; married, second, Elizabeth Herbert ; third, Mary Pealo. 
Children : 

229 Elizaketii, liapt. 15 Mny, 1720 ; d. 30 March, 1759 ; m. 28 June, 
1748. Joiiiitliaii, son of Josiah and Sarah (In<j;ersoll) Orne 
of Salem, b. 1722-3; d. 1 Jan., 1774, £e. 51, merchant of Salem. 
Children: Joseph, b. 4 June, 1749; m., 1st, MaryLeavitt; m., 
2nd, Therese Emery. William, b. 4 Feb., 1752;* d. 18 or 14 
Oct., 1815, an eminent merchant in Salem; m. Abi;j;ail, dan. of 
Hon. Nathaniel Kopes. Elizabeth, bapt. 29 Sept. , 1754. Sam- 
uel, bapt. 10 Oct., 1756, prol)ably d. y. Mehitable, bapt. 20 
April, 1759, prob. d. y. Jonathan Orne, m., 2d, 21 Any., 
17G0, Elizabeth Bovvditch. 
■ 230 Sarah, bapt. 22 Dec, 1728; d. ; m., 2 Jan., 1753, Capt. Jona- 
than, son of Jonathan and Elizabeth (Gardner) Gardnei 
Salem, mariner, b. in Snlem 25 May, 1728; d. 2 March, 1791. 
Ch. : Jonathan, b. 16 Mar., 1755 ; d. 26 Sept., 1821 ; m., 1st, Sa- 
rah Fairfield; m., 2d, 27 Oct., 1799, Lucia, dan. of Israel and 
Lucia (Pickcrinii;) Do(lj>e, b. IG June, 1768; d. 24 Mar., 1812, 
s. p. (See Pickering Genealogy.) 

Child of Capt. John and Elizabeth (Putnam) Gardner : 

230a John, b. 23 June, 1731; d. 27 Oct., 1805; m. 11 July, 1757; 
Eliz;ibeth, dan. of Timothy and Mary (Wingate) Pickering, b. 
11 Jan., 1737; d. 12 Oct., 1823. (For descendants see Picker- 
ing Genealogy). 

IV. 85 Colonel David {Joseph, Thomas, John), born 
in Salem Village, 25 Oct., 1707 ; died 1768 ; married 24 Nov., 
1728, Rebecca, daughter of Thomas and Sarah (Osgood) 
Perley of Boxford, born 28 Oct., 1710. (See note on page 

Children, born and baptized in Salem Village : 
231 William, bapt. 8 March, 1729-30. 
232 Lucy, bapt. 23 Apr., 1732; m. Major Ezra Putnam. 

8(5 IllS'lnliV OK IIIK lll'INMM I'AIMIIA'. 

a;»M AiiriN,)). I7;i"; hiipl. I A|»r. I7;il ; tl. .175!). 

liill Mkiiitaiiik,*"' I). 17!ll ; I'lipl. i;i Miir., WM\ ;iV ; m. piwIoiiH to KCJ ; 
licv. I'ldwiird Pt'ikliiM, ndh oT K'cv. NmI Ininiil nml I'III/iiIm'I.Ii 
(I'cilvliiH) S|inrliM\vK. of l,\ niill.'ld, li. lu .Inly, IVJM. II. mil, 
"11(1, II, Mrs. Ailiiiii.s. (Sco S|iiirliii\vU ^I'licaldf^.v.) < 

'.j:»r», lm|il. II OcL, r/;!",!; (I. 1) Miir,. IHIH. 
a:iO iHUAKl., 1». L".» .lime, 171-'. 
I.'!t7 I'liiNK i«, IwipL -N Apr., 17l'>; tl. y. 

I'JIH n,\vii>, !». -, 1717; (I. , I7(li!. 

13iU» lOuNU'M, 1). ■ . I7r>l; (I. '-'(I Nov. ISIC; in. Niilliimii'l, .smi of 

.IdnIhim iiiul lOniilcc (.IciiiilNoin KItliiird.son, liuincr, loi uicily 
dl' Woltiirii lull, iiricrwiii'ds (d' .Sulcm, In wliicli lidUr pliifc lio 
was Ulilcd '.'!> .lull., IVIMI, wlillc Niipcrliilciidlnu lli(> iiinvlnn of 
II iMilldIn;;. Ilo vviiH liorn In W'ol.iini, V(t Mcli., IVIV. Cli : 
• .I('MHt», l». , 1771, ol'Sidcin. .loMlina, oir. Ill land. Nidiian- 

l(d, 11 nicrcliaiil (d' Malaga, Spain. \\ llliam 1'. id Salrni. Is- 
rind of I'oi'Mand. 
l'.4() .IifH.sii;, It. ,4 .Jan., liaid. i;i Jan., I7M. 

(V)i,oNi',i, l>\\ii> 1*11 N v;m \mim (>ii(> oI (Ii(> iiKtNl piomliiciil 
iiHMi ill DiiiiNrrs lor (t\cr (il'lv vcar.M. Ilt> wjis iiol only iiillu- 
("iiliiil ill l(»svu iiiul imrisli MlljiirM I»iil was Uintuii (lii()t|oIi(»ii(. 
(ll(^ colony MM M ilashiiio' ciiVMliy ollitcr. Col. riiiiolliy I'ick- 

Clilto VVIIM MCClls(t»IU('(l lo IlKMllioll illUOllo' (ln' I'CCol 1('«'( iollH of 

\\\h I»onIi^oo(I IIimI "l>;i\i(l riilii;ii\i lodc llic Im>sI liors(> in lli(> 
I'roN iiico." 

Vov many yi'iirs (lu^ inliiil>i|jin(.M ol" Snlcin \' ill:io(> li:ul hccn 
|H<li(ionino (lu^ (JimhmmI Conil (o .scl ilu-m idl" ns n .^cpariid* 
town and in (li('s«> a(l('in|>ls hjix id I'lilnain sided with llic pop- 
idar parly. in I <' .'»•.!, Ilicy p.Mli.dly oaincil llicir point .and 
l>a\id and ,Iumi(\m l*u(naiu art> aniono' |lnv snl»s« rilirrs lo a \w~ 
lilion lo Panitd lOppcs, I<jM(|., I'or rallino (lu> licsl town luci't- 
ino' in lln'l>islrirl orP.ainrrs, IS l\Ay., IT.^'i. TIiIm in(>('lino; 
was ludtl on I lie II li *>! March, and Id. I >a \ id was rhosiMi oiii^ 
ol'llu^ hi_i!,hway surveyors, an iinpoil.ani ollirc in a new lowii. 
l*i(>\ ions lo Uu> He[)anilioii ho had held \arions ollices in llu> 
old low n. 

«"< Mclillid>ol, in niMliMV orsaidinnilim. N. \\ , Ih miIiI (o liavc in. l.idmn IImi riiniin, u 
tJuuKor ami li> liavo had a rlilld, Mclillalud, h, 'JO,sc|i|.. I7ti.';in., I7s>.i, .lolni .MminiH i.r 
.sanlinrnton. Il(t wan 1>. In .Vnnittliiii'.v, it Maroli, 17(>(i. TIiIh iuu»l it'tui' U> t.v>mo otliuf 
Molulalilo, IIioukIi wIkmu, I kiinu nol, ^S^'o Nn. \!S1I.) 

iHitAKf, (tu(>m\h) j'lrr.vAM. H7 

III 1751, li(i WJIM Hflcclliiiill (»(' Sillcill (Voiil llic Villfl^'*', !MkI 
(loill)l Ic . t <|i<| liilH'li l(» inllllC.IKU; iJlC, f,OVVII l,0 (•(illMCIll. Ii» (JlC, 


, In nf)',>, lie, \v!iH <:li()-ic,M H(il(rr'.(iii;iii of I>!iiiv''rM iiM'l ill 1757 
w.'is OIK! <>r ji. (;oiiiMiillc.(r of live (,() rc-^^iilfiU', ihc, ^I'amiiiai' hcIiooI . 
lliuvlly u y(!ji,i' |»iiMH(5(l ImjI- (Jiiit lie- licJd Homc- one, or anolJici' 
l.ovvM (}{]](',(',, l)(',in^ id vai'ioiiM tirncM HcJf.c-trniui, Hurvcyor of 
lii;.'li\V}iyH, t,yfJiiM;.'iri}Ui, ov<!rH(!(!r of flic, poor, wuv<\('.\\, jiikI on 
H|)('.(tiiil coiiiiiiittfifiH. II(! vviiH IjihI/ iaxcrl in 1 707, his ctliilc/ 
WJIM t.'ixcd in 1708, nrid IiIm will pi'ovcd in 170!). 

Tlii.H will in Jill inl,('r(!HJ,in<>; (jociirnc-nl, ; liy i(Ji<! provided for 
111' on Williiini, Ids d;iii;.'lif("rH Liu^y, M<'.lM-liil>lc, S|)iirli!i,(Vk, 
iind I'iunic-c, l,li<'.n <j:\\'(:» l,li<-, r<!iniiind<*r lo liin hoiim, .loMcpli and 
iHi'ard Ic,aviii<( il, to tfiein lo divi<l<'., Mn'-y to rnrniMJi llicic 
yonii^^cHt l)io(Jic,r, ,U:hh(',, willi lln' nuiaiiH to carry Idm llir<jn;.'li 

'rii(5 t(ri-iin ofllu! will wr;rf5 riillillcd in (iVf-ry paiiifMilar and 
tradili(;n Htaf<!H tlnit wlien .loH(tpli and Ini'iiel cmwc, to divid<5 
tli(! properly eacji juid r|io;:cn Uuit wliieli llic, olJiei' dir| not 
WJifit-. 'I'liin |)rop<;ity <;r)nipriHed tli<; <!,-ttjit<: now known jih 
tlK5G(!n. iHi-acI I'utnani plar;<;,tli(r (Jol. Achac plar*;, al)oijt (il'ty 
jKiroH, Fiow ovvn<!d hy tlu; Htfit*;, inelndftd in tlie Insanf; IloH|>ital 
^'ronndn, and tlic Iioiiw-h of VJxtu S. I''liii(, l''Ju;n Jac.kHon, 
Mi'H. iMniel Vcvvy, Mri. .Iidia A. I'liillniek, iuid the, Me,|)Ool- 
lioiiHf! ♦/I'onndM. 

The Hectifni known an the, Od. JcHHO (sHtiite. fell to Jo-^.r^ph 
Mild the, j)jirt l(nf>wii jih the, (j|e,n. IhvucI \)\uca; fVdl to iHi'iiel. 

The, Hword e,arrle,d f)y Col. I)avid Ion;.' rrimainful in (he, 
liiind 1 of hin (U;HCA',(u\ntdH and ruiver hd't the, hofrie.Htejid iinlil 
pn!He,nled on Ihe I !> Mjiy, 18'J0, hy (iranville, IJ. l'u(i,;,jn, 
JO.-'^p, to the, l);iiiveiv', Hiitorieal Soeiety. 

IV. 90 M'djor-GonornllHriioKJoHfp//, 'riioman,.l<>lm\^ 
JKirn in Villfi.;.'e, nr)W Danvr^rn, 7 »Jan,, 1717-18; l>;i,p- 
ti/-e,fl 2 J''e,l»., 1718; di(!r| IJrooklyn, Conn., af'tr-r jin illneM-wd' 
twodityH, 21) jMay, 1 7;)0 ; ni!i,nle,f|, (ii^t, at hjinvern, I!) ./nly, 
17;5I), n.uiiKih, d;i,(i;_di(,er r,r Jo.-ieph iind Mehit;d»|e /' I'ld ii.iiii, 


No. lOo) Pope of Danvovs, boni llicrc ; Iwptizcd 3 Sept., 
1721 ; (lied Brooklyn, Conn., (5 Sept., ITIJT), in the 44th year 
of her aue ; married, second, 3 elune, 17()7, the widow Deb- 
orah (Lothrop) (lardiner. INhidanic Gardiner Mas danu'hter, 
of Sanuiel and Deborah (Crow) Lolhroj) of Norwieb, Conn., 
and wi(h)w of John Gardinm-, lifth pr()[)rietor of Gardiiicr's 
Island, who died 19 May, 17G4. She died at rutnani's llead- 
qnarters at Fishkill on the Hudson, 14 Oct., 1777, Jind was 
interred in Beverly Robinson's family vault. INIr. Gardiner 
she had married as his second wife, 21 Nov., 1755, beini2;then 
the widow of Rev. E[)hraim Avery of Pomfret. The chil- 
dren of Mr. Ganbiier by Deborah (Lolhrop) Avery were 
ITannah, horn 31 Dec, 1757; married Samuel Williams ot 
Brooklyn; died s. p. jSepfwiiis, b. 28 Dec., 1755) ; died un- 
married 1 June, 1777. lie was with General Putnam during 
many of iiis eamijaigns. -' 

ChiUh'en, all by his first wife : 

241 ISKAKL, b. Danvers, 28 Jim. ; hapt. tliere S .Tune, 1710. 

242 l)AVii>, b. roinfret, Couu., 10 Miir., 1742; d. y. 

243 Hannah, b. " " 25 Aui;;., 1744. 

244 Ei.iZAUKTii, b. " " 20 Mnr., 1747; d. y. 

245 Mkiiitaulk, b. " " 21 Oct., 174'.). 

246 Mahy, b. " " 10 May, 175;}. 

247 EuNicic, " " 10 Jan., 175G. 
■ 248 1)ANU?L, b. " '« 18 Nov., 175;>. 
• 249 David, " " 14 Oct., 17(;i. 

250 Tkikk Sciiuylicu, b. ronifret, Cuun., ;51 Dec, 17(!4. 

Gen. Israel Putnam was born, .Tan. 7, 1718, in a house 
which is still standing on its original site, near the eastern base 
of llathorne or Asylinn hill, in Danvers. It has several times 
been enlarged and is still in an excellent state of [)reservation. 
Its tirst proi)rietor was his grandfather Thomas, who lell it to 
his youngest son Jose})h. Joseph wedded Kli/.aheth Porter, 
daughterof Israel and Elizabeth (llathorue) Porter, aud grand- 
daughter of John and Alary Porter, the emigrant progenitors 
of the Porters of Essex county. Fr(m\ this marriage sprang 

='Scc "Lionel CJanllncr anil his Uosccntlants." 


l». ' 

'if;.; y^ 





the soldier whose history we are to trace. Elizabeth Ha- 
thorne was a daughter of Major William and Ann Hathorne, 
whose country seat was where the Dimvers Asylum now stands, 
on the hill above mentioned. Nathaniel Hawthorne, the cele- 
brated novelist, was also a lineal descendant. John Porter, 
likewise, was of "Salem Village," now Danvers. For many 
years he was deputy in the General Court, tirst from Hingham 
and then from Salem; and, as the Colonial Records testify, 
he was a man "of good repute for piety, integrity and estate." 
The ancestry of the future soldier-patriot, in various lines, 
is thus seen to have been of Essex County stock. His later 
boyhood was probably spent in Boxford at the home of his 
step-father, Capt. Thomas Perley, while yet he would be a 
frequent visitor at the Putnam homes in Danvers. His early 
education was defective, partly because school advantages 
were then very meagre in the rural district in Avhich he passed 
his youth, and partly, no doubt, because his strong natural 
inclinations Avere for farming and active out-of-door life, 
rather than for books and sedentary occupations. Robust and 
full of energy, he was as a boy given to si)orts, and to teats of 
strength and daring; and numerous trustworthy traditions of 
his courageous exploits in those days have been handed down 
in the old home from then until now, somewhat prophetic of 
his more extraordinary prowess and achievements in maturer 
years. Having attained an age when he would care for a share 
of his father's farm, he returned to Danvers and settled u[)ou 
the portion set otf to him, and here built a small house, the 
cellar of which yet remains. On the 19th of July, 1739, he 
married Hannah, daughter of Joseph andMehitable (Putnam) 
Pope. The spot is still pointed out, not far from that of his 
nativity, where stood the huml)le habitation in which for a brief 
period the young couple dwelt, and in v/hicli their tirst child, 
Israel, was born. Shortly afterward, they removed to Pom- 
fret, Conn., borne on by the continued tide of emigration that 
had already carried a large number of settlers into the eastern 
part of that state from towns about Massachusetts bay. 


Thoro :it loniith ho was the ho;ul of :i numerous tainily ot'oliil- 
droii. soino i>t" \vlun\i romovoil io other parts of Now Eiiiihunl 
or to tho wost. thoir ilosooiuhmts boiiiii- now widely seatterod 
:ibro:ul thriniiih the eountrv. The nnoiont homestead m Dan- 
vers has been ooeii[>iod by siu-oossivo g;oiierations of his 
brother Pavid. 'Mho lioii-hoariod LioutenaiU of the King's 
troojis." as he has well been eaUod. 

In 17;>;', Israel, and his brother-in-law. dohn Tope, bonii-ht 
of Cii>v. Jonathan Indehor, a traet of land ot abont tive hun- 
dred aeres, ot" whieh he beeanie solo owner in 17 1 1. It was 
part of a laruo distriet kii()wn as the ".Morllake Manor," whieh, 
Avhilo it had speeial priviloiro^^ of its own, was ineludod in 
tho territory that in I78l? was dotaehod Uom ronitVet and 
ereeted into a separate and distinet township under the name of 
Brooklyn. C\>rlain fonndation st(Mies,ai\d a well and pear tree, 
have lon>:- marked tho plaoo where our brave piimoor buiU t'ov 
himself his lirst house in Conneotiont. Here was the tamily 
homo, uiuil larger aeeommodations were voipiirod, when ho 
built tho plain, but more oouuuodious and eoml'ortable house to 
whieh tho ilomostio seone was transterrid and in whieh many 
year;; atlerward the old hero died. This, w;iih Us narrow 
chamber in whieh he breathed his last, is still standinii: and is 
an objeet of great interest with [>alrivU-pilgrims who year at'ier 
year visit it tVom atar. Fuun the outset, his t'ondnoss for agri- 
culture and hortieidlural pursuits was eouspieuously shown iu 
the vigorous way in whieh ho subdued and eultivated his land, 
an^l introduood into l\>mt'ret and its neighborhood all its best 
varieties oi' tVnil trees, while it is ehietly due to his taste, sa- 
gaeity, and entoriM'ising spirit that were planted tho long 
linos oi' i>rnan)ontal trees whieh have graeed the streets and 
added so nuu'h to tho beauty o( l^rooklyn. Although at tirst 
the exemptions whieh the owner of Mortlake Mani»r onjv'Ved 
created a jealousy among the inhabitants o( l\untVet and 
rat her est ranged him from partieii>ation in their atVairs. yet his 
sterling worth was early reeognized and his public spirit bo- 
came more and more manifest. Ho was amon;:: the t'oremost 


ill os(;iI)li>liiiiii' i^ooil schools in (lu> lowii miuI did not l;iil lo 
oiisuro to liis sons niul dMualilcrs ;i liiiilu'r cdiu-iition lliaii ho 
had recoivod hiinsclf. In'Toro hi* (Mitcrod upon liis inilihiry 
cMivor, h(> joined other U'lidini;- scttU'is in :i library assot-ia- 
tioii which had a marked eH\'c( in develo|)inu- a h>ve of readinij; 
ntnong tlio iicoplo and in elevatinii" tJieir <i'eniual characti'r. 
He was not only a thrifty niid hiii'hly [jrospcroiis farmer, hut, 
from tirst to last, ho was also an earnest and helpful friend of 
all the best inti'rests of (he liltle, but iirowinii' colony. 

'I'he ("ainiliar story of his enterini; tho W()lf-den, toiiether 
with the accounts of his many other bold adventures in his 
earlii'r manhood, needs not to be re})ealed in this brief sketch 
of his life. The late lion. Samuel I'utnam, a native of Dau- 
vers and judge of the Supreme Court of Massachusetts, wrote, 
in a letter to Col. Perley Putnam of Salem, July 1(5, US34 : — 
" I was onci' in his lutnse in r>rt)oklyn where he tri'ated me 
"with great hospitality, lie showed me the })Iaee wluu-e ho 
followed :u wolf into a cave and shot it, and ho gave me a 
groat many anecdotes of the war in which he had l)een imi- 
gaged before tho Uevolutiou, tracing the remarkable events 
upon a map." 

In 1755, there was a call upon the Now England colonies 
and Now York for a largo military lorcc^ lor tlu^ relief of 
Crown Point and the regions about Lake (Joorge, where the 
French had gained a strong foothold. The (piola from (\)n- 
necticut was tix'onsist of a thousand soldiers. Thongh it would 
recjuiro him to leave behind a large [)roperty uiul a nnmerous 
family, Putnam was prom[)t and ((iiiek to respond to the sum- 
mons. Brave, energetic and popular, he was at once ap- 
pointed to thocommand of a company, which he soon succeedi'd 
in recruiting for Lyman's regiment, under the supreme com- 
mand of (uMi. William fJohnsou of Nov, York. He received 
his "Hi'st baptism of lire and blood" in tho unsuccossfiil en- 
counter of Col. E[)hraiin ^Villianls and his twelve hundred 
men with the 01101113' under liaron Dieskau, in tho forests 
between Fort Edward and Lake George. This defeat of tho 


provincials wns soon followed by <i brilliiint victory, in honor 
of which Johnson built ;i fort, named Fort William Henry, 
on tlie spot where it was won. The autumn of 1755 was spent 
in constructing defences and in opening means of communica- 
ti(m between different parts of the immediate country. As 
winter approached, most of the men returned to their homos, 
but enough remained to garrison the fortresses. Putnam's 
regiment was disbanded with the rest, and he himself returned 
to Pomfret to spend the season with his family. The next 
year witnessed a renewal of the campaign, the entire forces 
being under the command of General Abercrombie. Putnam 
was reappointed as captain, to serve as before in Lyman's 
regiment. During the service which he rendered in all this 
war against the French and their Canadian and Indian allies, 
he acquired a great re[)ut;ition as a soldier and hero, by his 
dauntless spirit and marvellous deeds. These, taken in con- 
nection with his many perilous exposures, severe hardships, 
and hairl)readth escapes, gained for him swift and* repeated 
honors from the Legislature of his adopted state, and made 
him immensely [)opular with all classes of his countrymen. 
The accounts of them, as given more or less fidly by his 
biographers, Humphreys, Peabody, Cutter, H111 and various 
others, are no doubt exaggerated in some particulars. -^ But 
enough is true to warrant the fame and distinction that Avere 
then and subsequently accorded to.him in abundant measure. 
Li 1757, he was [)romoted to be major. He had previously 
connected himself with the famous band of rans^ers, whose 
chief was the notorious Major Robert Rogers. Near the 
time of the outbreak of the revolution, this remarkable hunt- 
er, scouter and roving adventurer, notwithstanding all his 
ardent promises and professions of loyalty and devotion to 
the cause of the colonies, went over to the British and re- 
ceived from them an appointment as colonel. His volume of 
"Journals" makes but very few and slight allusions to Putnam, 

=8Gen. Unfus Putnam, who was a soldier in the Massachusetts contingent, kept a diary 
■which has been printed and which corroborates lUimplireys' ual-rative. 


M'ho on one occasion had saved his life and who had borne so 
cons[)icuous a part with him in their hard and hazardous cam- 
paigning; and this circumstance, together with the fact that 
soine of his friends and apoh)gists grew to be virulent de- 
famers of his gallant conu-ade, makes it quite evident that no 
very strong tie of trust or alleetion united the two. Putnam 
could hardly have had much couHdence in such a strange and 
lawless man as Rogers, and Rogers must have found little 
that was congenial to him in such a true-hearted and straight- 
forward man as Putnam, whatever they may have had in com- 
mon as free and fearless rangers. Here, in this capacity, they 
were still, as Colonel Humphreys says, "associated in travers- 
ing the wilderness, reconnoitei'ing the enemy's lines, gaining 
intelligence and taking straggling prisoners, as well as in beat- 
ing up the quarters and surprising the advanced pickets of 
their arniy." 

On the 3d of August, 1757, Montcalm, the French com- 
mander, arriving with a large force from Ticondcroija, laid 
siege to Fort William Henry, whose surrender after six days 
Avas followed l)y a dreadful massacre of the garrison. Put- 
nam had vainly endeavored to procure reinforcements from 
Fort Edward. His saving the powder magazine of Fort Ed- 
ward, amidst the teri'ible conflagration that visited it, was one 
of the numerous daring deeds which he accomi)lished. His 
descent of the falls of the Hudson, at Fort Miller, and his 
happy escape from a strong party of Indians who fired at him 
incessantly as he skilfully steered his bateau down the dan- 
gerous rapids, was another of his characteristic achievements, 
which made his savage foes think that he was under the spec- 
ial protection and smile of the Great Si)irit. Yet he was not 
so successful in escaping their barl)arities, when once he was 
in their power. For it was abont the same time, in 1758, 
that, in one of the forest expeditions in which he and Rogers 
and five hundred men were engjiged, they took him ])ri.soner 
and sn))jected him to the most brutal treatment. Judge Put- 
nam's letter, which we have already quoted, states that they 


tied him to a tree to be put to death aeeordinfif to their custom 
under such oirciimstanees, and then <:oes on to say : "They 
threw thoM- tomahawks into the tree by the side ofliis head, 
and after amusing themselves in this way for sometime, they 
lighted u[) the lire, and danced and yelled around him. Wlien 
they were thus engaged, one of the tribe, a chief, wlio had 
been once a prisoner of Putnam and treated kindly by liim, ar- 
rived on the spot, and, recognizing his friend in their intended 
victim, immediately released him from impending slaughter. 
Gen. Putnam said that their gestures in the dance were so 
inexpressibly ridiculous that he could not forbear laughing. 
I ex[)ressed some sm'[)rise that he could laugh under such cir- 
cumstances, at which ho mildly re[)lied that his composure 
had no merit, that it was constitutional ; and said that he had 
never felt bodily fear. I can as easily credit that assertion as 
the one (louverneur Morris made of himself, viz. : that henever 
felt eniborrtissedbf/ the presence of ani/one ivhonisoever, in his 
life; and 1 am inclined to think that both of them spoke the 
truth concerning their own sensations." The wounds which 
these cowardly savages intlicted upon the fearless l)ut helpless 
sufterer left scars which he long afterward carried with him 
to the grave. The almost incredible outrages and tortures 
which they perpetrated upon him were not brought to an end 
by the cutting of the cord that bound him to the tree, but 
were still continued, in other forms, all the while they marched 
him through a rugged country to Ticonderoga and thence to 
Montreal. There Col. Peter Schuyler, who had been held 
n ])risoner in that city, hearing of his miserable condition, 
hastened to his rescue, supplied him with clothing and other 
necessities, and managed to i)rocnre his release. Putnam's 
tenth and last child was boiai afterward and he named it 
in grateful honor of this noble friend and benefactor. Nor 
was this the only kindness which the generous man rendered 
at this juncture. Among those whom the Indians had made 
captives was a jNIrs. Howe, whose tirst and second husbands 
the red men had nuu'dered and the story of. whose wretched 


lot under her inhuinan masters is familiar to American read- 
ers. Schnjler paid tlie price of her ransom and entrnsted 
her to the care ot Putnam, who, on his return, safely con- 
ducted her beyond the reach of her persecutors. 

In pursuance of a plan of 1751), to expel the French from 
their American possessions, General AVolfe was to lead an ex- 
])editi()n against (Quebec, General Prideaux one against Fort 
Niagara, and General Amherst another against Ticonderoga 
and Crown Point. Putnam, who had now been raised to the 
rank of lieutenant colonel, Avas with Amherst and assisted 
him in the reduction of both the objects or places of his med- 
itated attack, being subsequently employed at Crown Point 
in strengthening its defences. In 1760, the British hav- 
ing captured (2uel)ec, Amherst projected another expedition 
against Montreal, in which Putnam again accompanied him 
and rendered im[)()rtant service. The city, without resist- 
ance, capitulated at the formidable approach, and Canada was 
soon lost foreverto the French. In 1762, the conquerors turned 
their attention to the French and Spanish possessions in the 
West Indies, France and Spain having entered into a coalition 
with each other. Martinique and the Caril)bees were taken, 
and a naval force of ten thousand men landed on the island of 
Cuba. Presently a reinforcement of two thousand menari'ived, 
half of the number being a regiment from Connecticut under 
the command of General Lyman. Putnam was with him as 
on previous occasions, and was ere long placed at the head of 
the regiment from his own state, Lyman being ai)pointcd to 
take chai-ge of the whole l)o(ly of these provincial troops. The 
foimer had been cool and courageous diu'ing a fearful gale 
which had l)een encountered at sea, and on reaching shoi-e he 
was busy and efficient in constructing accommodations for the 
soldiers. In due time the British Commander, Albemarle, 
besieged one of the strong fortresses of Havana and stormed 
the city, which finally surrendered, and with it a large })art 
of Cuba temporarily became a possession of the power that had 
now well-nigh gained the mastery of the continent. In 1763 a 


iiisrouv OF riiK rriN am vamiia' 

'rr(>:il\- of l\>;U't> \v;is coiu'liulod hi'lwi'cii I'laiU'C ;iiul l^illii'lMlul. 
Oil tlu> iiortliiMii iVoiitior \\\vvo was still sonic IroiiMt* iVoin 
Ilu< liulinns uikKm" PoiiliiU', \\\c ii'iwit. cliicl' of (lii^ Ollawas. 
'riu> next \ c:\\\ AmluM'sl sciil loi'ccs lo or('ii|)y scNiM-al ot'llu^ 
ni(Mi> iiiiportaiit i)i)s(s aiul avcrl liu> iJircatciu'd ilaiii:(>r. Tii- 
tliT Colonel Hradstn'ot. I'ntnain, who had hilllsl^l(' now Ixmmi 
pronioliMl lo (lu^ rank oi' coloiu'l, niarclu'd lo Di'Iroit with a 
C\)iiiu>('tiiMil rc^inuMit oi lour hnndri'd nuMi. 'Plio sa\aii"i's 
Sixni dispiTsi'd, and all sounds or si^•ns of war w«.'r<' linally at 
an (Mid. 

'i'lio vi'ar 17()f ronnd \\\o vi'loran aLrain at honu<. Ncai'ly 
a w hoh' di'i'ado lu* hatl spiMit in liiihlinu' the tnu'inios oi' his 
t'onntrv. Korosl, monntain, valley, rivor, lake ami si>a had 
Avitnossod his ardnons service. It had ii"ivcii him a very wide, 
varied and valnahje I'xperieiu'c. It had iteen lull of heroic 
dci'dt! and nMnanlic ad\(Mitnres and incidents; fnll of" duties 
and rcsponsihililies faithlnlly disehariicd, and of danm^rs aiul 
trials noltly met and ovtMcoine. AtU>r his original appoint- 
nuMit as ca[)tain, he had l)eiMi three times j)ronioted. He had 
heen mider the (unnmaiul oC some t)!" the ablest, and most ccl- 
cl>ralcd licncrals oi' his time, and had been intimately asso- 
t'iati'd with olliei'rs and patriots ot'hiuh distkielion. lie had 
sciMi many parts of the land, and much of Indian as well as 
colonial life, aiul his at-tivities Inul extended from .M(>ntreal to 
Havana. At c>\ery sta^e of his scM'vici>, from first io last, ho 
enjoyt>d the al>solnti> contidi'iice ol' his superiors and of his 
state, and was always in demaiui. How, under all these cir- 
iMimstances, histpiii-k eye, his sai:;acioiis miinl, his superabun- 
dant eneruies ami his natural soldiei'ly (pialities ami aplifmhvs, 
were trained f\»r otluM' and iircater military trusts and perform- 
ances, ct)inin<;;" «>vents were destined to show. What has thus 
far been written i)[' him may widl be reuuMubcrcil, as he ap- 
pc\irs bi'l'orc us in more monuaitous scmies. 

Moi\> than another decade was to follow, however, beforo 
his ailvcnt there. Shortly after he exehanui'd the sworil for 
the ploui;lishare and once uioro began to eng ige in his peace- 



fill ;i'j;;riciiltiir;il pursuits, tlie Ixjiovcd wife of his youth and 
tlio (levol(vl niothci' of his lari^o family of children, died ; aud 
it was in th(! same year, 17t)5, that the husband and fatlier, 
who had always, like iiis ancestors, l)eea a sincere and faitii- 
i'ul altciudant u[)on public worshi[), united with the church at 
Brooklyn which was then luider the pastoral care of Itev. 
Josiali VViiitney, and in;ide a fornial profession of his Christian 
faith. It was durini^ this year, also, that the news of the pas- 
sage of the infamous Stamp Act reached the colonies and 
aroused tiKsm to stern protest and resistan(;e. Putnam was 
for(ini')st in makini^ its execution ini[)ossil)le in Connecticut, 
and from that houi' he stood forth as a r(^ady and res(jlute 
defender of tlic im[)erilled lihei'ties of the people. In 17()7, 
two years after the deatli of his lirst wife, he married Mrs. 
Deborah Gardiner, who was the widow of John Gardiner, Esq., 
the fifth proprietor of Gardiner's Island, and who accompanied 
him in most of his campaigns of tl - Revolution, until her 
death in 1777 at his head-cjiiartcr;. • the K'^'dands. For a 
time he threw o[)en his house for i. accommodaii,..- ^>(" the 
public, and one of his biographers says ; "The old sign, whicn 
swung before his door, as a token of good cheer for the weary 
traveller, is now to be seen in the Museum of the Historical 
Society of Connecticut, at Hartford." During the interval 
of time from the close of the French and Indian war to the 
outl)reak of hostilities between England and h(!r American 
colonies, he received many marks of confidence from his 
fcdlow citizcms, attesting what they thought of his ca[)acity, 
judgment and good sense, f(;r municipal or civil functions also. 
He was placed on important committees ; was elected moderti- 
tor of the town meeting; was thrice chosen a, member of the 
board of selectmen, the last time in 1771 ; and was deputy to 
the General Asseml)ly. In the winlev of 1772-7;:), he went 
wilh General Lyman and others to (jxamine a tract of land 
on the Mississi[)[)i, near Natchez, which the British govern- 
ment had given to the men of Connecticut who had suf- 
fered greatly from exposures and hardships during the West 


India campaign, of whii'li a l)riof acoount appears abovo. 
They also visited the Island of Jainaiea and the harhi)r of 
Pensaoola. There is still extant, in the }H)ssession of one of 
his deseendants, a ourious diary, "i)rol)al)ly the loni;:est piece 
of Avritiuii: that he ever exeented," which I'ntnam kejit in his 
absence, and in which ho jotted down, hastily and imperfectl}', 
man}' of his own and the party's experiences by the way. 

Innnediately prior to the llevolntion, Putnani hold varions 
conversations in Boston with (uMieral (laue, the r>rilish coin- 
mander-in-chief. Lord Percy and other ollicers of the i\)yal 
troops, quartered in that city, and told them i)lainly his o[)in- 
ion, that, in the event of Avar between England and her Amer- 
ican colonies, the former could not subjugate the hitter, while 
he gave them to understand, clearly, that he himself should 
side with the cause of the pati'iots. In 1771:, the enemy were 
strengthening their forces there and were thus subjecting 
the inhabitants to mauiibld i)rivations and omb:irrassments. 
Bancroft relates how Putnam rode to Boston with one hun- 
dred and thirty slicep as a gift from the Parish of Brooklyn, 
and "became Warren's guest and every one's favorite." Soon 
after his return to Connecticut, an exaggerated rumor reached 
him of depredations of the British in the neighborhood he 
had just quitted, whereu[)on he aroused the citizens of his 
state to a fiery determination to avenge the attack. Thou- 
sands were quickly on their Avay to Massachusetts for this })ur- 
pose, but the extraordinary excitement subsided when it was 
ascertained that only a powder magazine between Cambridge 
and ^Nledford had been captured. 

The news of the battle of Lexington, April 10, 1775, ar- 
rived at Pomfrot by express on the morning of the twentieth. 
The intelligence reached Putnam as he was ploughing in tho 
iield, with his son Daniel, who was then but sixteen years of 
ago, and who afterward wrote; "He loitered not, but left me, 
the driver of his team, to unyoke it in the furrow, and not 
many days after to follow him to canq)," Having doubtless 
made haste to consult with the authorities, .the old soldier re- 


coAvcA ill tlio nfteniooii tlio ti'lin^rs of tljc ii^f'it !it C.'oiicoid 
and at oiict; 8(;t out on liorsel>!ick for the scciio of hostilities, 
rifliii'^ a dL-jtaiico of vv(;ll ni;^li a liiiiidrod iiiiloH. Ho was in 
CatJibiidgo on liic following inoi'iiiiif^, and also in Concord, 
writing froiri tlio last-named place under date of April 21, 
the second day after the battle, to Col. Ehenezer Williams 
of Pomfret : — 

"Sir, I have waited on the Committee of the Provincial Con- 
gress, and it is tlieir determination to have a standing army 
of 22,000 men from the Xew England Colonies, of which, it 
is sn[)|)osed, the Colony of Connecticut must raise GQOO." 
And he urges that these trof)[js shall he "at Cambi-i<lge as 
s[)eedily as possible, with Conveniences; together with Pro- 
visi(jns, and a Sufficiency of Ammunition foi- their own use." 
From Cambridge he wrote again, on the 22n(], for ti'oops 
and sup[jlies to be forwarded without delay. On the next 
day the Provincial Congress took definite action for rais- 
ing a New England army, having ah'eady sent d(,*legates to 
Khodc Island, New Hampshire and Connecticut to request 
their cooperatifjii, and having now ;ilr(;ady establisherl a (Jam[> 
at Cambridge, with Gen. Arlemas VV^ard as commaiifler-in- 
chief. On the 26th, the Committee of Safety issued a cir- 
cular letter appe ding to the colonies to aid in the connnon 
defence ; and on the 3rd of May, the immortal Warren, as 
President of the Provincial Congress, wrote to the Conti- 
nental Congress, earnestly pleading the great peril and need 
of Massachusetts, saying that she had resolved to raise a force 
of her own of 13,000 men and was now to propose corres- 
ponding action by the other New En<rland colonies, and sug- 
gesting an American Army "for supporting the common cause 
of the American colonies." No effort was wanting to give to 
what some writers have called an "army of allies," a truly pa- 
tricjtic s[)iiit and a most effective and consolidated union. Any 
suggestion or indication, that, under such circumstances, 
Massachur,etts, who ai)pealed so piteously for help, was to 
airogate to herself privileges and honors that might not be 



sliiircd :is well Ity Hu* coltMru^s wliicli slu> cmIIihI 1(» Ikm' nssisl- 
nnct'. would Uww u\:\dc (he luush'riiii;- :muy Itiil ";i vo\)v of 


'I'lio :i|)[)i'!il WMs of :i nohlcr cli.'ir.u'ltM- ;md il was iiol in vain. 
Now biiiii'land rcspoiulcd lo i( willi alacrity. Slaik and lived 
canu'wilii tlu'ir Nt'W Hampshire* n-^iinriils and lixcd (heir 
hoad-tiuarliMs al iModl'ord, (ho wholo roiininii' 
\\w K'll w inn'. Troops arriv(Ml iVom Kliodo Island niulor Iho 
i'()iuniaiid (>!' (itMU'ral (irotMio and woro slalionod at f)ainaii';i 
riaiii, whilo (Jonoral Spoiioor with his First Coniiootioul, ivg- 
iiuont and with two thousand Massarhiisolts nion was pttstod 
at l\oxl»ury aiul l>or(lu>stor, tlu' wholo oonstit ut iuu' tho liiiiit 
winii", ntidor (\cu. ,)ohu 'I'hoiuas. rutnain, with his Sooond 
Ki'ii'inuMit iVoiu Counoi'tioiit and with Saruoant's lv\\uiiuoiit 
iVoui NiMv llainpshiro and PattiMson's iVoin Alassaohusotts, 
was assiijiu>d to ('aml)iid*i(>porl , wIkmi* 1u> and his uumi lonnod 
a part ol" tlu> I'outro, whoso main body, ooiuposod of Humor- 
ous Massaohusotts roiiimoiils, was nndor tho immodialo oom- 
luand of (Joiioral Wind at old ('amhrid^o. Our romlVot: 
iioro, soon altt>r his prompt arrival on tlu> 1*1 st ol' April, had 
l)0(Mi oallod baoU to Counootiout to assist in laisinix and or- 
iiani/.inii' tho cinota Irom that stato, whosi> K\iiislatiiro now 
api)oinlod him to he lui^adic'r (ii'iuMal. llo was absi'iit only 
ono wo«>k, and, as lu> sot forth a^aiu to jt>in tho now army, ho 
iiavi< instruotious (hattiio troops should follow him as (|uioivly 
as possii)lo. His pi)s( at tho t'ontro, whori< ho oooupiod (ho 
Inuian llouso as his ln'ad-(piaitors, was an i>\posiHl ono, ami 
was doomod (o \w of spooial importanoo Irom tho approhon- 
sion (hat (ho r>ritish might (lu>ro mako (hoir (irs(. or ohiof 
nttaok. \\ hilo ho was horo, ho siM'vod a( ono tiiiu* as oom- 
luaiulor-in-ohii^l", tliirin<;a tomporary absonot' of (Jonoral \\'ard 
ill Koxbury. On anothor oooasion ho lod a largo body of (ho 
(riu)ps which liad then gathorcul in Oambi'idiio, numboriiiiX 
about l.*,"J(H) men lioiu Massachusetts and Now llainpshiro, 
to Oharlostowu, inarching (honu>vor I)Uukor Hill and Urood's 
Hill, and iulo Iho main strcol of Iho Idwii-, and Ihon biiok 


.•I'^.'iiii fo I In; ('iic'.'tnprruiiil,, ho mh to iiispiio llif-iri willi more) 
(;oMli(I(!ii(;(! iiiid (■()iit;i;j-(!. II(! liimsdC IIiiih <-;u\\<; fo know slill 
l)<;lt(!r Uk! <^i-oijii(l wlirri! In; \v;iH hood to I)0 <'icoiiH|)i(;ii()iiH iuiior. 
(Jii tho 27l,li (jf M:iy, Ik; cornrn.'jndcd a piiiiy of Provid- 
cImIh 8oiit to (JIk'Ihoji to drive ofl'tlic live hIocIc f)ii Ifo<^ iHlund. 
.'iiid NoddUj'.s Inluiid in \\\('. Iinrljor, ho iis 1,o picvcnt, il, (Votn 
lalliii;^ into; liMiids ol" IIkj ciKitny. Tlmy w(!i-(! jilliicUrtd 
l)y !i foivu! of tlu; liritish jiiurirK! !i))p(!;irin^ vvilli u sftliootKir 
Mild hIo()|), bill, woro coiiiplclcdy HiiccoHHful in flu", hot, cw^n'^c,- 
ni(!iit tliiil, (MiHHCid, only one of tlio Atncricjins l)(!in<( kilN^d Jind 
four vvonnd(!d, vvliilc IJk; Iosh on tli(! otiior side, it i.s Kjiid, wuh 
twenty killed and (ifly vvoinided. Tlio victors Hoiz/jd the abiin- 
(loned Hc.hoorKir, ;ind, h.ivini; tak(!ii [)OHrieHHion of her <(iinH,ri<:^- 
}sh\'^ und otluH* valnuhlcH, hoI hei* on Hre. Tn thiH (ixpcdjtion, 
(j}(!n('-r;il Pnttinni was ac<;onipjini(!d hy I)r. Warren, who went 
as a volnnl('(!r. On tii(! .sixth of. June, tJiese two pntriot fri(!nds, 
nnd(;r the escort ol" (japtain (jheslei-'rt CornK^cticnt coni[)!iriy, 
proe(!ed(;d to (Jhiuhsstown to (illect an exchani^e of prison<;)"H 
taken in one; or more (tncountcirs, IIavin<^ accornjdiHiied 
tlicir ohjecl, in a ni;nnier hi^rhly er(!dit!il)l<! to idl cAiticcvwcd, 
ihey r"(;t,nrne<l to (J;inil>i'id;.';(!. I'litnani w;i,s now more |)r)j)ular 
than evei". The (Jontin(!ntal (Jon^''r<!Ss ciii^rht the; (!nthn-;i!isni 
of the p(!opI<! ;iiid soon r;iise(| him to the y.iwk of AI;ijor (ien- 
<'ral. It conferred tli(! honor npon ArlcniMS VViird and 
(jharles Lee on the; I7tli of .Inn<!, the diiy of the hat tie of 
IiiMd<<!r Hill, !ind npon I-.r:i(d I'ntninn and JMiili[) .Schuyler, 
(ni th(; l!Mh, two days after it, not knowinj^ at the time ahout 
th(! <rreat conflict iit (JliarI(!Htf)wn,ev(;n a.s hiicIi of th(!se o/Hcers 
as wer(! (Mig.igfid in tin; strife w(!r(! nf)t aware of th(!ir promo- 
tion until the ev(Mit fid d;iy av;is <|iiitf! of iIk; past. 

On tin; 15tli of duiM!, tin; M;iss;ichiisetts (vommittf^e ofSaf(!ty 
recommended to the (J(jiineil of War, that "Jiunker Jlill ho 
niaiiitained by wii/ncient force hein^ jJOHted there," uh it was 
Hiip[)Oscd that the enemy were; !il)out, to m;ik<! ;i. niov(!ment in 
tli;it direction. 'I'lu; Council of War iii(;t on the followiii"- 
day and ap[)roved the plan, tlioiigh W^ard und WaiTcii op- 


iiisroiiv oi' iiii'; riiTNAM fai\iii,v. 

posed it MS :i i;isli mikI pciiloiis incasurc. Ainoiii!; Iliosc of 
1 lie <'tiiiiicil wlio si roii'jl y Invoi'cd i(, riilii;mi wns loi'cmosi, 
:iii(l (icii. Sclli roincioy :i Iso pioiiiiiiciil , (lie loniKM' \h\- 
licxiiiL;" i(, 1(» he iicccss.'iry ;is m iiicniis of (Iniwiiii;' iUv enemy 
oil! iVom l*>(»sl()ii Mild luiiii^iiii;- on Mil (Mi_i;ii^em»Mit , llie peopio 
hoiliL!;' impMlieiit lor Mclioii. ( )ii llie eveiiiiiLl^ of IIimI tl.iy, llio 
KIlli, M.delMcliliieiit of M,l>()llt lOOO iiitMi, eoiiiprisiii'^ llifec! rou;- 
iiueiils under ( \)l()nels l*i'esc.(»ll , l^'ryeMiid Uridi^'e respectively. 
Mild iicMily L'OO ( 'oiineet iciil troops l.ikeii principMlU' Iroin 
(JeniUMl I'nIiiMiii's i"(^<;iiiieiit Mt ( 'Minl)rid<4('poit, together wilh 
('Mpt. SMinuid Oridley's Miliileiy eoiii|)Mny oi' rorty-nine men 
Mild two lield-pieees, wms sent torlli to occupy liuiiker Mill 
Mild llier*^ inlrencli. ('ol. SMiiiucd Swell's History ol the IVit- 
lle, which wms lii-st published in ISI.S, Mud which, ms, the 
riillest Mild best of mII IIk^ eiirlier Mcconnts of it, cMine to he 
reu'Mrd(Mi ms ol' "cJMSsicMl Miilhorit >" Miid to server ms tlui 
"l)Msis" of mII repiilMhIe sul)se(Hiciit sketches, sMys: "(ieiierMJ 
I'ulnMiii, liMviii!^' the i^cnerMJ sii|)erinlendene.e ol" Iheexpi'di- 
lioii. Mild the elii«'l' eiiLiiiicer, ( 'oloiud (Jridley,"'' M<'compMiiie(l 
IIk' delMchmeiil ." Alter llie\' IkkI pM^scd the Neck Miid rcMt-ht'd 
the peninsnlM, m IimH, wms niMde mI. Uimkt'r Hill, when m con- 
siillMlion ol" lli(> ollicers wms Judd, Miid it wms (Uu-ided to push 
on (o r.reed's Mill Miid iiilrciK'li there instead. Arriviiii;' Mt 
lh(^ summit of IIimI emiiieiiee, the ground Iimn iiiLl,' heen kiid out 
by ruttiMui, ( iridley Mild l*i(>seotl , the men hciiMii mI: niidiiii;ht 
to throw up M re(h)ul)t, eiiihl rods s(|iiMre Miid six feet hinh, 
wilh M hrcMstwork exlcndini; from its northcMsl mii^K' m hun- 
dred yMrds or moK^ over tlu* brow miuI down lo m point ncMr 
tlu5 bMse ol' lll(^ hill, in llu^ direelion towMrds llu^ Myslie, 
rivei'. As soon ms IIh^ r.rilish discovered mI suiiris(> wIimI the 
I'rovineiMis 1im»1 done durinii the niuhl, they mI oiuc opened 
lii'o on llie suimII fort Iron: their ships in llu' liMibor and Ironi 
(\)p[)\s Hill in ImisIou. rutiiMUi, who luul readily divined 

-"Colonel Ulcliiinl (Jrlillcy, who wiis ji vi'tt'inn of I lie Kicncli wiitm, whs ChloC Knulnoor 
ol'llit' iiiiuv 1111(1 |iliiiiiH'(l llio woiUh on Itrcoil's lllll. Ilo iillm'wiird i«iui1oi<mI ills|,ln. 
HiiiMlicd seivioo iiiul locdlvoil llu> luiiU ol Major (uMii'ial IVoiii llid'oiitiiiciilal CoiiKroiss. 


1.1i(! ru!(!(l, had pivKicuidcid al, (lurlicisl, dawn Ut (/im])iidir(; Tor 
i'('iii(or(:(!iii(!iil,s and provisions, \)\i\,, li(!iii'iii;^ tho (irst firiii^^ of 
lli(! <^HMs, Ik; iiniiKidiaUdy Kl,arl(Ml back for CliarK^slowM. P<!r- 
haps it was ;il»oiil, this tiiric dnrin;^ tlio day, tlial- Ikj wi-ot(s to 
ili(! (JotMniiH,(!(! of Safety tlic followiiif^ rncHHa;:^o, of wliicli tho 
ori<,Mnal copy is in the poHScs.sion of Hon. McdhMi Chiiinbor- 
laiii : "I>y tho l)(!ui-oi' I wond you oi;^h(;Ooii burrolls of [)o\vdoi' 
which I havo roccivod fVoin tho (jrf)V. and Conncil of Con- 
iiocticnt for tho uso of the, ai-iny ;" — a ninch n(!(!(h!(l and iriost 
tinudy <;ifl which his (!n<;i-;.'y had prociii-cd for th(! (!in(!i-;jj(!ncy. 
'J'h(j in(!n at th(! ividonbl, had toihid h)ii^ and hard, and wanted 
rost as well as r(!fr(!Hhni(!nt,s, while yet tlxs brcaHtwork wa.s 
)if)t conipl(!l,(!d. The authorities at head(|tiarf.erH had prorriisod, 
on the pr(!vioiis ovoiiin*^, that tho detachriiont whoidd bo re- 
Uevad in tho rnornini(, and, in fact, oarly on that next niorniiif^ 
Cjronoral Ward had acoordin<i;Iy (jrdeicd a,noth(!r dota<!hmont 
of regiments to tal<(! its ))Iac(!, with throfs new coloncds, Nixon, 
Littl(! and Mansfudd, to command them, instciad of l*i-escott, 
Fiyc, an<l I>rid<_';(' ; but, what, with the well-known dilatoi-inoHS 
that th(!n marked tho (jondiict of affairs at (Jaml)ri(lgo, th(!so 
fr(!sh troops woro not required to parade and march until lato 
in th(! afl(!rnoon. M(!antimo tlioro wan ^(rowing discontent at 
Jiniod's Hill. TIh! soldiers applied to some of tliijir ofIi(;(!i-H, 
who in turn a,|)p(!aled to Pr(!soott. TIkj (Joloncd refus(!d to 
H(!nd for th(? pi'omiscsd relief, but on a, s(!cond appeal Ik; con- 
s(rnted to s(!nd for rein/'orcements, and dispatched Majoi-, af- 
terwai'd GovtMiior, ,John IJrooks, to (Jambi"id;^(! to procure 
them, Putjiam hims(df hast(;niM<:^ thilhei' a<^ain about the; sarrK} 
time, or earlier, to eff»!ct tho result. Ward hesitated, from 
f(!ar that the i)i'incipal attack would yet Ik; made iiear(!i- at 
liand, in which case all available forc(;s woidd b(; n(!ed(!d thoi-e. 
Finally, thou'^h indtielantly, heord(!rod athird partof Stark's 
re<j:irnoiit, (»r al)ont 200 men under (^olontd Lyman, to mai'f;h 
to (Jharl(!stown. Aft(!rwar<J, throu;^h tin; strong inf]u(!nc<! of 
Richard Dovens, in the (Joiumiltecj of Safety which was thou 
ill setjHlon, ho was prevailed upon to order the reruainder of 


tho Nt>\v ll.nnpsliii-t' troops to (ho scriu' ol' Mction. riiliiMin'M 
post WMs :it r>imk(>r Hill. IK' li.iil stuMi iVom llu" stall, as oth- 
ers (lid not tluMi, l)iit as all sch^ now, how imporativi'ly lU'c- 
ossaiN it was to lortilV that t'lniiKMico as well as liiocMTs Ilill, 
MS the fornuM- was situated ncariM- the Mystic and tlio Ni'ck 
than the laltiM-, anil so niiiihl \)e nia<U> inslrunicMtal in prcvcnt- 
inu' tho iMUMuy iVom llaiikinLT tho rcdoul)t, or iniii;ht, scrvi; as 
a sail' rctroat^ in case the I'ort itsidf should have to he aban- 
doned. II(> saw the ehiel" point of danger and the one key ot* 
the situation. There he eouUl best, survey the whole iseono 
and su[)erinlend its <:en(Mal operations. Under his eomniand, 
various parties whii-h he took iVoni Preseott's di'taehrnent, 
and iVoni the New Hampshire iorees as they arrived, were 
soon enii)U>ved in throwing U[) on Bunker Hill the intieneh- 
ments he was so anxious to eonstruet. In antit'ipation ol" an 
;i(jron«ssive movenuMit on {he pari olthe encMuy, whos(> barges 
had landed several thousand troops at Moullon's I'oint, at tho 
eastern end of the }>eninsula, the Americans were set to work 
in eonstrueting tho I'anious rail-lenco which forms so impor- 
tant a feature in any satisfactory ai'count of the battle. It ex- 
tended al)out ()()() feet, in a northwesterly direction, from 
near tluMiortluMU end of the breastwork, at the base of Uroed's 
Hill, towards the eastern slopes of r)iinker Hill, tluMU-o 
for about VOO feet northward to tlu> Mystic river. It. was es- 
pecially the latter section of it that was now sought to bo 
made a barricade against tho foe, as it came to be evident to 
Putnam that tluM-o was not time to compli>te his intrenchmcuts 
on the hill in the rear. It was formed by [ilacing portions of 
fence-work near each other in parallel lines ami by slutling 
between them and capping them with new-mown hay from 
the imnuuliate vicinity, the work being chielly wrought by 
the men frt)m New Ham[)shire and Connecticut, who with 
others were to line it in the hour of action. iStark and his 
men were at the extriMue left oi' the lines, by (he Mystic; 
Keed was at his right ; and next to him, at the right again, 
Avero Captain Knowlton and his Connecticut braves, while 


still further towanJ.s Brocd'ri Hill were parts of Mjissueliiisetts 
re<;imeiit.s and companies, Prescott l)ein<( in immediate com- 
mand of the redoul>t, at the extreme right. With the; nunc 
extended field as just indicated, he had nothing to do. As 
]\Ii". Jtichard Frotiiingham, the historian, *candidly adn)its : 
"Colonel Prescott was left in nnconti-oIle(l possession fjl" his 
post. Nor is tliere any ])i-oof that he gave an order at the 
rail fence or on IJiniker Hill." Of the .supreme command, 
the late Mr. \V. W. Wheildon, who was exceptionally famil- 
iar with all these local histcny matters, wiites : "(^fconrse, 
this could only be assinned by a superior oflicer, and this offi- 
cer, beyond all question, would be General Putnam," who 
"necessarily became coinni;nid(M' of the Battle and veiy sen- 
8il)ly and satisfactoi'ily left Colonel Prescott in full connnand 
of the redoubt." 

Soon after three o'clock. General Howe, the Jiiitish com- 
mander, led on his formidable double column ai grenadiers 
and light infantry solidly against the rail-fence and the yeo- 
manry who were there, while the fire of his left wing under 
Pigot was kept up on the foit as a feint to div<-rt the atten- 
tion of the Provincials from the more serious point of attack. 
Putnam, who had charged his men "not to fii'c until they saw 
the white of the enemy's eyes," and to take good care to pick 
off the officers by aiming at their waistbands, was now, as in 
all the action, at the fr(mt, assigning fresh ti'oops tln.-ir places 
as they arrived, liding back and foith along the lines, en- 
couiaging his soldiers to be valiant and faithful, and exposing 
himself to the greatest peril. Tremendous as was the onset, 
it was in vain. The proud foe was hiuled back with fearful 
confusion and destruction. Again the British General rallied 
his forces and made another and most vigorous and deter- 
mined assault. Putnam, during the lull, had ridden over 
liunker Hill to urge on the expected, but tardy re-inforce- 
ments, yet with little effect. He returned to be on(;e inore 
conspicuous in the fi^'ht, and airain there was a ijallunt and 
effective repulse, "as murderous as the first." Here, along these 



more oxposoil, imslu'llcrcil lines, w;is Iho most proli-ni'led 
;uul terrihlo li«2;hlii\i;.' oC tlu' day. Said Slark, "Tlu' dead lay 
as thick as s1uh>|) in a I'old." TIumi it was that the onragod 
oiieniy, who had thus twice been toiled in their oirorts to tlaidc 
the redoubt, directed their main force auiunst the I'cdoubl it- 
sidl', cMililadini^' tlu> l)r(\'ist work, stonuinu' tii(> heiuiil, rushini^ 
into the little enclosure and luriously assailinii; the lireatly 
reduc(>d uarrison. It became a hand-to-hand and bloody, but 
unecpial conti^st. Prescolt soon orilcred a r(>treat, and the 
esca[)e ol his sni-vivinii' hi'roes was loUowed by the llii^ht of 
the cowardly "rtMuforcements" who had kept aloof from the 
strife and had rendcM'ed no service durini:: tlie day. The colo- 
nel pursued his sad way to Cambridge to r(>port to AN'ard that 
the battle was lost. Sc(>in^ that the redoubt had been taken, 
Putnau) and what was lelt of the main body of t.!ie army, who 
hail be(Mi so bra\H> and stubborn, wcri* also obliLjed to retreat 
from tlu> rail-l"eiu'i». In vain he jvissionately besouii'ht and 
stt'rnly conunanded his men to make one stand moi'c on Bun- 
ker Hill, l^iiulinii,' this imi)Ossible, he UhI them forth to Pi'os- 
pect Hill, wlu're he intrcnclu>d th;it same day in lidl si^ht of 
the enemy. There he was still riH'Oiinizcd by the central au- 
thorily as the leadiM* of the host. Inunediately and rei)eatediy, 
(liMU'ral \\'ard sent him rt'int'orci>nuMits from Massacluiselts 
reuimcnts, nutil he had in a short time not less than four or 
[\\o thousand men undi>r him, at that important })oiut.'"' 

'riiouiih comptdled to surrender his post, I'rescott was an 
admirable soldier. His only military (list iiu't ion, previous to 
the Kevolution, had been that he had served as lieutenant 
nndiM" (}iMU>ral ^Viuslow in the cou(|uest of Nova Scotia and 
had biH'u urii'cd by Hritish ollit-ers to aciH'pt a ('ommission in 
the royal army. r>ut this lattei' ho hail (h-i'lined to do. His 
cxperienci^ in war had bciMi (piili> limiti'd. As CJeueral Heath, 
who ])raised him highly, said, he was "unknown to fame." 
HowiMi'r meritorious his conduct as the iuuncdiatc local com- 
mantler at tlu> irdouhf, comparatively little contemporaneous 
or subse([uent nu>ntion was made of him in connection with 

•'" St.;nk iiiul liis. bravo Now Uaiiii>sliiro mon liail witluliawu lo Winlor Uill. 


tlic hiiUlo ()rJ5uiik(3r Hill. II(! iKiVcr proinolc-d, hul. con- 
tinued for two yo/dVH to Kcrve in Ww. airny, for u i)!irt of" tlio 
time ;it l(! nndi;)- J'ntnam liiniscH'. II(! tlien I'clired to his 
lioiiK! in r('|)[)(!r(!ll, wlicif! ;inion<; old fricndH und n(!i,t^lil)ors 
Iio was still honored and nscrid to the cind of his days. 'J'hat 
such an unknown and incx))ericnc(',d man should have been 
8in<^Ied out ior tin; sujjrciriie (jonunand of so hazardous an en- 
tei7)i'is(!, when th<!r(; were on the ground a halfdo/fui or more 
gerujrals who i"ankcd him, iind who were equally hi-ave and 
eomp(!tent and furmorc trained and distinguished, and that ho 
should have l)een ehai'ged with tluj responsible trust instead 
of Putnam, who was not only his supeiaor in oflice and S(.'rvice 
))oth, hut who was (ii'st to suggest and IIk; most sti'(!nuous to 
urge th<! mov(;m(int, is to tin; last d(;gr(!(} improl)al)le.'" 

Owing to th« secrecy with which tin; original d(;tachment 
and expedition were i)artially veiled, and to the fact that VV^ir- 
icn had been recently appointed Major Gen(!ral and was actu- 
ally in the battle, it was foi- some time supposc^d by many that 
lie, the illustrious pal riot-martyr, must have hid llu! AuHnican 
for(;(!S. As he cain(! on tin; ground, Putnam ofl'cu'ed him the 
command, which Ix; vcAuhmI, not having yet rciceived hisconi- 
iTiission and having (;ome only as a V(dunl(!(!r. II(! r(;paired 
to the i'cdouI)t wh(!i'e Presoott tendei'cd him his own (;om- 
niand, but this also he declined. 'I'Ik; erroneous impression, 
as to his supremacy, gi'adually woi'c away as the facts b(!- 

"i(;ol. SdiniKfl Ailiitn« Orjikr-, Uic ftmiiient liii'lorijin, in IiIh ;i(lttiir;il)lo iifirn))Iil(!t, en- 
titled, (Icncral InrdH l'ulii(i,m, the, ('ommnmler ai JIunlccr IHll, HiiyH : '"Uo (I'liUiJiin) wiiH a 
V(.'l(M'iiii ol'! ai'iny c!iin|iaiKiiH, Ik>yoiii| (jiieHlloii liu was Uio rorernoxt man of itiat 
ariny in ornhryo wliidi anH(!nil)|i;r1 at (JittnbridKO after llie IJalUc of liCxinKton. Not 
Wairl, or 'riioniMH, or I'oinfMoy, orv;V(Mi tlu! lanioiiteil Warren, ))Ohh(!hh(;<I itH (■,otili<len<'(i 
to tlie i|e;{i-(!i! lliat I'liLnani tlid. Mr. |i'roUiinKli<'i"i li'niy nayn he 'liad Ilie conlldenee of 
tli(! wliole army.' .Nature lornied liini lor a leadt;r; and men inHlinclivcdy felt it." And 
Willi reference to the liattle of (Jharlehtown UeiKlitw, lie addw: "Ue alone, nliowed the 
KeniiiH and KruHp of a <;oniinMiider tlierc. In pOHtiiiK III" I^oojih, in IiIh onlei'H diiriiiK the 
ai'.tlon, ami in IiIh friiitlciHH endeavor to ercsate a n<!W pottition on Itiinker Hill ;" and "in 
eHtimatlii« tlic HervieoM of (Jenei'ai I'ulnam and Colonel I'reH(;ott, from a military view, 
tiic f(n'in(;r rniiHt receives tlit! award aH tlie commanding; olIlc,er of the Ihild." In coiiiiec,- 
tlon with tlilH matter of the ISiiiiker IIIH controverny, Uie v<!ry al»l(! and k«fen diHciiHHion 
of tlie Hiil)Je(!t l)y R(!v. Inercjahe N. Tarhox. I>,I>., eml)rac(!il in IiIh Life of (Jeiieral I'lit- 
nam, al'^o duHci'vcM Hpcciul mcnlioii. llin urgtinicnl, like Drakc'H, MeemH to iih unun> 


iiisroKY or TiiK riTTN \:\i i\:\iii.v 

OMiiu' more ami moi"i> known. Xol Prc'si-oH, but Piihiani, was 
liailotl (ar and ni>ar as llu' hero ol \\\o hour. At h<»nu> and 
abroad, toasts wcro drinik to his lionor, and ongraving's and 
olhor pictures oC him a[)pc'artHl in Anioiit-an and European 
c'itios, roprosontiuii" him as cliiof; and as such ho passed into 
liistorv, as numl>iMK>ss niMvspai)i'rs, poiMUs, orations, school- 
books and chroniclers have borne witness. As never before, 
he was now the idol ofthe people. Yet if was this "unbounded 
popularity" and th(> hii2,h promotion that, art'om[>aui(>d it, 
which he never meanly souiiht lor himscll" or begrudged to 
olhei's, thtit inspired with a t'eeliuii' of envy and jealousy cer- 
tain military otKu'crs whose unfriendly spirit was never wholly 
repi'cssed ov conceah'd whili' yet lu> lived, but broki' forth 
with p(H'uliar violence lonii" after his death ami wIumi most 
of those who knew him best and loved him nuvst were in their 
graves. AA'i> shall have occasion to rcler to this matter again, 
at the conclusion of our stoi'y. 

What Washiniitou thouiiht of (icneral Putnam and what ho 
]>r(>babl\- tliouulit of his action and preiMuinence in the battle 
t)t" rmnki'r liill. he tliat runs may read, in the (>vcnts whi^-h it, 
remains to outline. On the iM of July, the "Father of his 
Country" arrived at C'aml)ridi!;(\ as the commander-in-chief 
of the American Army. lli» bronnht with him the connnis- 
sions tor thi> tour distinii'uished ofllcers who have I)eiMi men- 
tioned as haviiiiibeen promoted by the Contimmtal C\)nii,ress to 
be Maj(n" (lonerals. They occasioned nmch "dissatisfaction" 
and "disiiust" amoni:" those who thought that tluMi'own I'laims 
to honor had Iummi oviM'lookctl. 'IMie commissions oi' ^^'ard, 
Lee and Schuyler were witidiehl for a time in consecpience. 
l>nt l*ut nam's, which alone had rt'ceivinl the unanimous vote 
of Conijress, was piesented at once by Washiniiton's own 
hand. Si)me of the otreuded olKt'crs threw up their conunis- 
sions in the army by reason of the fancied slight, but were 
ere lonii" persuaded to return to the service. 

In the reoi'gani/ation of tlie army, which was to canyon 
the siege of Boston, AVashington gave to rutnam the com- 


rn;ii)(l oi' 11k; ffntrc, uctir hiinsclf at CJiiriihrid^^o ; to Ociiorul 
\^^'ll•(l the c()tn\i\n\](\ oi' tlio ri^lit wing at Itoxhiiiy iiiid J>or- 
cljt'Hter ; and to General Leo that of the left wing, toward the 
MyBfie river. In the antnrnn Pntnarn fortified Cobl>le Hill 
and Leehniere'n Point. In March, 177G, WuHhingtoii sip- 
pointed him lo li(!ad a f(;rniidahle force of 4,000 njen in uu 
attack on the liiitish lines, hnt IIk; [dan wan frnHti'ated hy a 
most violent stoi'm, which prevented th(; h(;at.s from landing 
the troopH. Dnring the night of the IGth of the same month, 
Nook's Hill, a JJorchester hei<;ht neai'est Boston and cotn- 
njanding it, was fortified, and such was the advantage which 
Wiisthus gained hy the Ijeleagneringlujst, that the next nioining 
the eneniy evacuated the city, iu\(T, boarding their vc^ssels, 
put to sea. l^iitnam, with a strong foi'ce, immediately entered 
the town and took [iossession f;f all its important posts amidst 
the exultant shouts and cheers of its long-suffering [people. 

Washington, having previously learned that the Jiritish 
meditated an attack on New York, had already sent General 
J^ce tliithei' to construct a system of defences foi- the pi(jtcct ion 
of tiiut city. Th(jse works, after the dejjarture of General Lee 
foi" the south, were [>ushed forward by f^ord Stirling, a briga- 
diei- in the American army. Undei' the ap[)i'(;h(;nsi(m that 
the liritish fleet, which had sailed from Boston, wonhJ soon 
appear in New Yoi-k harbor, Washington forwarded his troops 
Avitli all possil>le despatch to that point, oi-dering Putnanj to 
go on and temporarily take the C(*mmand while Ik; himself 
was to follow shortly after. Putnam, on the 7lh rd' April, 
sent Coloncd Prescott'sBiniker Hill regiment and other parties 
tf) take possession of Gov(;rnor'sIsland and ei-ect on it a l>r(;ast- 
work, and also a reginient to fortify Ked Hook on the Long 
Island shore, directly across the narrow channel, so as to 
liinder more effectually any operations of the enemy's ships 
in tlj;it (jnarter. 'J'he battle of Long Island ttndc place a few 
months later. In the latter part of Jinie, the British landed 
in great numbers on Staten Island, and in vXugU'^t crossed 
over to Long Island and advanced towards the Amej'ican lines 


that exloiulod across the Brooklyn poiiiiisula tVoin AValhibont 
Bay to Gowaiiiis Creek. General Sullivan had been in com- 
mand on that side oflhe East river, but was now superseded by 
Putnam, to whom AVashington thus apiin gave proof of his 
trust and coniidence. Putnam retained Sullivan at the cen- 
tre to jjfuard the i)asses and liii'ht the Hessians. Both of them 
accompanied A\^ishington as, havinijj conic over from New 
York for a l)rief visit, he rode towards eveninjjj on the 2()th* 
of August down to the outi)osts and examined the situation 
of atl'airs. The tierce engagement came on during the uext 
morning, and it was while the two armies were in deadly con- 
flict, that General Clinton, who during the night hatl led a col- 
unni of 10,000 British soldiers by a long, circuitous and lonely 
road at the distant left, where he was guided by a few to- 
nes, suddeidy ap[)cared at the rear of the Americans and 
overwhelmed them with disaster, Stirling who was tighting 
Grant far at the right sharing in the common misfortune. 
The wonderful retreat to New York of Washington and his 
shattered army amidst the darkness and fog of the succeed- 
ing night, is too well known to call for details in this connec- 
tion. CA'rtain writers, without just warrant, have blamed 
Putnam for the defeat because he ditl not anticipate and pre- 
vent Clinton's movement. The most exact, thorough and 
impartial, and altogether the best account of the battle, is 
that of Mr. Henry P. Johnston, as contained in his "Cam- 
paign of 177(!," published in 1878, as Vol. iii of the ''Me- 
moirs of the Long Island Historical Society." That careful 
and conscientious writer says that such an accusation against 
Putnam is "both unjust and uuhistorical.'' . . . "No facts 
or inferences justify the charge. No one hinted it tit the 
time ; nor did Washington in the least withdraw contidenco 
from Putnam during the remainder of the campaign." He 
adds that the responsibility cannot be fastened u[)on Putnam, 
who had just taken the command, "any more than ui)on Wash- 
ington, who, when he left the Brooklyn lines on the evening 
of the 26th, must have known precisely what dispositions 


hud l)oen made for the iii<rlit at tlie liill.s and passes." He 
t!i(!ii i)i()cc(;ds to show liow the responsihility, if it falls on 
any one, falls on Sullivan, and on Coloncd Miles and his regi- 
ment, whose; duty it was to <(uard the hsft. 

In o(;cupying N(;w Yovk alter the retieat, Washington as- 
signed to Putnam the command of the city aa far up as Fif- 
teenth street, while S[)encer and Jlealh were to guard the 

* island from that point to Harlem and King's Bridge. On the 
15th of September, five British frigates appeared and took 
p(jsition in Kip's Bay, on the east side, o[)(;nitig a treinen(h)us 
lire u[)on the hreast-work and lines of Coloncd Douglas with his 
300 Connecticut militia and his hatlalion of levi(!s. 'I'he Col- 
onel's panic-stricken forces lied in all directions, nor could 
the desperate and almost superhuman exertions of Washing- 
ton and Putnam, who were soon on the ground, avail to stay 
their flight. Other New England troops quickly joined 
in the stamj)ede, and from all points the Americans were 
soon llyiug in wild disorder towai'ds Harlem Heights, exc(![)t 
that (iencral Putnam "was making his wa)^ towards New 
York when all were going from it," his ol)j(;et heing to ivscue 
Sullivan's Brigade and some artillery corps that were still in 
the city and conduct them to the phice of safety. This was 
successfully accomplished, and Col. David Humphreys, who 
was the earliest biographer of Putnam and who was in the 
army and saw him frequently during that day, says: "With- 
out his extraordinary exertions, the guards nnist have been 
inevitably lost and it is probal^le the entire corps w(ndd have 
been cut in pieces." 

The battle of Harlem Heights took place on the next day, 
the fugitives having been vigorously pursued by the British. 
The advantage was with the Americans, and General Greene, 
referring to the engagement, said tliJit Putnam was "in the 
action and behaved n(;bly." In the battle of VVhite Plains, 
Washington sent Putnam with a detachm(;nt to the support of 

• McDougall, but not in season t<j succor him belore his safe 
retreat. Subsequently he sent him to command 5,000 troops 


on llu> west sido of tlio Hudson river, (or llio protoction of 
(Jen. (IrtHMio who \v;is llnMi'al Fort Loc, mikI who it was toannl 
might ho attiU'Ued hy the cMieniy. The speedy capture of 
Fort >A'ashinulon on the east side hy the British, was the di- 
rest eahiniity to the American eanse in all the Kovohitionary 
A^'ar. As tlu^ coinuiander-in-chiof led his wasted army across 
the Jerseys, hotly pursued hy the toe, ho sent Putnam for- y 
ward to taUo conunand of Piiiladelphia which was supposed to 
he in dani^'or, and construct fortilications for its defence. (\)I- 
onel Humphreys, who was still with Putnam, gives a glowing 
account of his luu'culeau lahors and great success in this work, 
atlcndi'd as it was with manifold obstacles and discourago- 
inents. \\'hilo he was thus engaged, Washington crossed 
the Delaware and soon won his l)rilliant victories at Trenton 
and Princeton, which elect ritied the country and raised the 
spirits ot"tlu^ tired and (h^'uH'ttnl army. As tlu> loss of l*liila- 
<.lcl|)hiawas now no longer feared, Putnam w'asstationed tor the 
winter at Princeton, wdienco ho niado various ex[)cditious 
against foraging parties of the enemy, taking nearly a thou- 
sand i)risoncrs, more than \'20 baggage wauons and hirgo 
quantities of provisions anil other l)Ooty. 

It was now of i)rinie importance to seize and hold the High- 
lands on thi> Hudson. In May, 1777, a conunission, consisting 
of Generals (jireene, Kno.x, McDaugall, ^Vayne and George 
Clinton, Governor of New York, were directed to proceed 
thither, examine tlu' defences, see what was needed, and rc- 
])ort accordingly. This tlun' ilid, audaniougthe vai'ious woi'ks 
which they recommended was an enormous hooni or chain 
across theriverat Fort Montgomery, with other obstructions 
at that point, to har the ascent of the enemy's ships. Wash- 
ington gave tho command of the region to General Putnam, 
who tixed his headtjuarters at Pcekskill, on the cast side of 
tho Hudst)n, and whose troops were from Mow York and New 
England. Ihit on the llMh of dune, just as he began to exe- 
cute the plan of tlu* I'onunission, he was orilcred to forward 
most of his men to Philadel[)hia which was. now again threat- 

Greatgrandson of General Israel Putnam. 

IHIIAKJ- f'ili'>\l\'--.j l'f;r\AVT. ]]'.', 

«*-fif, I \>y U';n'',r;i,I \l<>\vc,. A I, tlx-, i'.ufii; i'\iii<; fi'; WJIH oblii^o.d 
Ut liol'J vurir^uH V(-//\tn*;tiU in vawWtthHH to rnarcli n'/n'iu^i liur- 
iioywa, w\k> wa-i (;x(>(?ct<jd at any rnorfi<;iiL U> cornr; down frofri 
the north. A;(aiii jiimI ti'/tuti W>iHfiiii;(toiM!alU;'J tipoii liirn for 
<icA,H(:\iiti<',tiU for tl)'; n<-.Iawarr;, (iivccX'ui'/ fiiin to K-Inrorc; 
liiin-^'ilf by militia n^'irnitn f'rofn tfic nf;i;.'liljMilioo'l or fVofn 
Coririfjcticiit, What with i,\i<:n<i many chan;.o;H, th<5 prr;Hr;no<} 
uroiin'l hiin of watchful f'oc-j, inco-^^ant marcho-* ari'l (umtiUn'- 
fnarrJjrjH, an(J IIm; riiiH<;iahlr'. condition of his Kol'iior'i, ho many 
of whom wcfti new an'i raw, i'ntnam'H nitrtation was pain- 
f'nlly p';r|il<5xini^. Somo of hin men doHcrtfjd and oth<jrf< ho 
d<;<5m(5H it h(\v\m\)\<', to dinmisH from th« Hcrvicc which tlK;y 
wi,«,h^.') to ahafidon an'l i'ov wljicli th';y were nrdit. lie wrot/j 
to VVji-,hinirtf>n, rcj»ir;H<;ntinj^ to him t}i<; (\;ni<£ef lie af*prc- 
h';ii'li-,'l from hin ivcal<(;n<;<j r;r>n'Jitiori mm'I Haying to him that 
\ie r;onl'l not fjc h'tid feH[KniH\\t\e for whaUjver Hei'\<>nH c^otiHOy- 
(ineueen might cnsnc. 

Sir Henry Clinton Haw hi-i opportunity. Sailing n[j th^. 
river from Xcw York with thrco or four thoiinand troopH, ho 
afipearc'J in Tarrytown liiy on the /itfj of <)ei(>\>e\\ an'l after 
much niJoiojivcring landed his forcen at Ver)ilan<;k'H Ponit, 
jn-.t heir>,v J'e^.k-kill, trannferred a large hody of hin men to 
thf; sve>it hide, and file'l tfiem off ami'lwt a denne fog hehind 
the high hank>s until they reached the rear r>f Forth Mont- 
gomery and Clinton, whence they Hiormed tliene Htronghold« 
which Hoon fell into their [lOHHCHHion, though the commiHHloii 
of gener.'jh in their report Ijad decjarefj them to fje inacceHHJ- 
hle from that fjUJirter, owing to the vety mountuinotjH charar> 
ter of the region. The liver w;ih now open to the <:n<iny, 
who at once proceeded to mvage the c/fnniry. i'litnam, with 
tlie advice of a c/)\incM r^f olJicerM, removed hiw [j<'.ad'juarti;rH 
to Firjhkill, a few milcH north of Peek>ikill, for the nafety of 
hiH little army. The immediate commander of Fort Mont- 
gomr;ry wan Governor Clinton, who, an danger wan imminent, 
had h<;en Hummoned fronj the leginlatiire at Kingnhnry hy 
J'ut.n.uij and v/aH urged to Ining a fiody/^f ;i/ilitia with him. 


Here, also, Putnam was subsequently blamed for the defeat, 
but Clinton nobly demanded that the censure should fall on 
himself and not on others, and a later court of inquiry decided 
that the disaster was due to a lack of men and not to the 
neglect or incompetency of those who were in command. Says 
Washington Irving : "The defences of the Highlands on which 
the security of the Hudson depended, were at this time weakly 
garrisoned, some of the tr()oi)s having been sent off to rein- 
force the armies on the Delaware and in the north."' 

Sir Henry returned to New York and Putnam reoccupied 
Peekskill and the neighboring passes. The latter shortly 
■wrote to Washington, announcing to him the sad intelligence 
of his wife's death, but with it, also, the glorious news of the 
surrender of Burgoyne. Five thousand men now came to 
Putnam from the northern army. Washington had previously 
suggested to him a descent u[)on New York and he now rec- 
ommended it again, but afterward, hearing that Sir Henry was 
in New York and fearing he might join General Howe, he 
despatched Alexander Hamilton to Putnam at Peekskill and to 
General Gates at Albany, with orders to them to forward large 
bodies of troops to the vicinity of Philadelphia, the British 
being in possession of that city. Putnam delayed compli- 
ance with Hamilton's instructions, being perhaps too intent 
on the long-meditated attack upon New York. The youthful 
martinet, scarcely out of his teens, wrote a bitter letter to 
Washington in consequence and also an insolent one to the 
old scarred veteran himself, who very properly sent the 
missive he had received to the commander-in-chief, alleging 
that it contained "unjust and ungenerous reflections," mention- 
ing some of the reasons for the delay, and saying, "I am con- 
scious of having done everything in my power to succor you 
as soon as possible." But the order had been a peremi)t()ry 
one, and Washington for the iirst and only time in his life 
reprimanded his old, trusted companion-in-arms, even as 
he once reprimanded Hamilton himself for an act of tardiness 
by saying to him, "You nuist change your watch, or I must 


change my aid." Putnam was now unpopular in New York. 
The people of the state were strongly prejudiced against New 
Englanders, and the feeling had notably manifested itself at 
the time of tlie "cowardly" and "disgraceful" flight of Con- 
necticut and Massachusetts soldiers at Kip's Bay, while it 
was but natural that this dislike should be warndy recipro- 
cated. "Yorkers" and "Yankees" were epithets which were 
freely bandied between the two parties. Hamilton and other 
leading men of his state wanted their Governor to be placed in 
command. Many of them held Putnam responsible for all the 
misfortunes on the Hudson, accused him of being too lenient 
with the tories in the neighborhood, and were unwilling to 
su[)[)ort the cause of their country so long as he retained his 
pcjsition. Colonel Humphreys, whose testimony here is very 
significant, avers that the chief cause of the animosity in ques- 
tion is to be referred to Putnam's determined o[)position to 
the dishonesty and selfish greed of infiuential men who were 
charged with the care of the sequestrated projjcrty of tory 
families. But it seemed to Washington all-im[)ortant to hold 
the state of New York to the sui)port of the army and the 
government, and this was the only reason he presented for 
the change, when, some months after Hamilton's mission to Al- 
bany and Peekskill, he gave the command to General Mc- 
Dougall. As we shall see, Washington still regarded Putnam 
with unabated friendship and affection, and still honored him 
with high trusts. 

Meanwhile, in the latter part of the year 1777, Putnam had 
set on foot several expeditions which were more or less suc- 
cessful. During the winter he was at the Highlands, whence 
he wrote to Washington, who was with his suffering ai-my at 
Valley Forge : — "Dubois' regiment is unfit to be ordered on 
duty, there being not one blanket in the regiment; very 
few have either a shoe or a shirt, and most of them have 
neither stockings, breeches nor overalls." In company with 
Governor Clinton and others, he selected West Point as the 
site of the chief fortress, and began vigorously to put the 


(IcItMicost of llui Hudson on :i rcspcclnltlc (oolinii-. Abont (liis 
linui \\c ni:i(l(i :i visit to PonilVc^t lo Mtlcnd to his priv.'iti^ af- 
Ihirs. Alter his r(>tnrn and his removal iVoni Iho connnand 
ofth(? Highlands, he ai!;ain went to (>onnectienl, in ohedicMieo 
lo orchM's, to hasten on the new h'\ies oC militia from that 
state lor the eoming- can»))aign. Sul)sc>(jnent to the hattle of 
]Nronmonth, we lind iiiiu in char<>;o of the right wing of tho 
army, in ])laeo of (Jeneral Leo who was under arrest. In tho 
early aiilnnni of 17 7.S, ]\c. was again in the neighhorhood of 
AVost Point for the defence of the North river. In the win- 
ter he was posted at Danhnry with three, hiigades, to ])roteet 
tho eounli-y lying along the Sonnd, to cover tlu^ niaga/ines 
on th(^ Conneclicnt river, and to reinforce tlu^ Highlands in 
case of need. It was while he wasj( here, that he veiy suc- 
cesslnlly quelled a serious mutiny that arose among some 
of tlu^ ti-oops who had iMiduriHl nnich hardshi|) and rei'eiv(>(l 
no ])ay, and who were preparing to march in a body to Hait- 
ford and demand redress from tlu^ (Jeneral Assembly at tho 
point of the hayoni^t. It was in this region, also, that iio 
posted himself with lAO men on the hi'ow of a liigh, steep 
eminence at ({reenwich, or Hoise NecU, and, as (ieneral Tryon 
advanc(Ml towards him with ten times tho force, daslu>d on his 
steed down tlu^ precipice to the ama/^'ment of his jjursuers 
and escaped unharmed, hitUliug his little company to secin'o 
their own safety by retiring to a neighboring swamp which 
was inacH'Ossiblo to eavalr}'. He imint'diatcly collecti'd a 
party of militia, joined with them his oriudnal handlul, and 
hung on the rear of Tryon in his retreat, taking forty or titty 
of his men as prisoners. Tlu'so he treated with so nnich 
kintbiess that. Tryon, as tlui biograpluM-s tell us, addressed to 
him a handsome note in acknowledgment, accompanied with 
ji present of a eomph'te suit of clothes, though it does iu)t 
appear that there was any attempt again to supersede the 
(Jeneral for such manifest and highly ap[)reciated "aid and 
comfort" to the enemy ! 

General Putnam's military career was now hastening to its 

iHitAKi: f'liio.viAs) I'lirsAyi. 


<',\(}H<-.. Ill Uic H|)riti;.^ of 177!), Sir II'Miry Cliiiloii wuh \))'i;\);ir- 
in;/ for u (•■.t]\i\):\\<_nt up Uk; Xorfh rivrr. Ij;it,<; in M.iy, WjihIi- 
it\'^i.()\\ rMov(;(l liis .'iniiy tovv.irds iJic lli^'lil;iiid-i (Voiii Middlo- 
\)y()()k. I*iilii;iiii crossed fli(! i"iv<!r and joined IIh; iiiMin l)ody 
in 111'; Clovf!, on*; o(" IJk; deep defiles, where in tlie l;if.f,(!r f)urt 
oCJiiiie lie \v;i,s left in iininediato coininand, vvliiie Wasliiiii;- 
ion look lip his h(!ad'|iiarl(jr8 at N(!vv Windsor, and then, 
about, a month later or a low dayn af'l,(!r llie, brilliant, ea[)l,iiro 
of Stony i'oiiil, by VVayiK!, at. West Point. riitiiam'.s 
was a,t, liulJ,(!riiiilk I^'alls, t,vvo iriihss bfdow. As if it was d<i- 
t(!riiiiiied by his <r\-(y,d chief, that he hIioiiM not be Ka,erifier;d 
tf> th<! ejiniity of his foes, he was lier<! ^^iven t,lie coniui.nid of 
th(5 i'i;^ht vviiii^ of tin; army, havin;( iiimUu' him 1,rf>ops from 
J*oimsylvania, Maryland and Vir;.^inia. It wuh from .July to 
Decoinbe,r, of this year, that the most imporf,ant vvoi'ks at 
W(!Ht Point and in its vicinity werc! <;lii(;fly ccjiistrueted. One 
of his bioirraph(!rs says; "IOxpeiienc(!d in this df^paitinent, ho 
took an active; and efli<;i(;nt |);irt in comphilin;^ the frntifiea- 
tioiis which li!i.d been hiid out under hi-, own eye a.iid tli<', Hit(j 
foj- vvhi(;fi ha,d bfMJii H(5l(j(;te(l tlir(>ii;.di hi-j a;^(!iicy. lie had the 
lionor of <^ivin;^ his own name to thr; priiicijjai fort." Sif 
ll<;iiry cont(Mit(;<l hirriHrdf with d(;pr<MlationH in other fjiiartor«. 
Wliih; the, army was in wint<!r (pi;irters, I'utiiarn a;^ain vi.s- 
it(!d his family in l^omfret. On i-etiirnin^ to the camp, ho 
■was attackfid with paralysis, whii;h seriously affected the ijso 
of his liinl)s on one sidf; aii'i wiiieli obli;.'(!(| him io I'etiacc; his 
HtfjpH and pass the r(!maiiider of his dayn at home. He had 
hIvoh'^ \i()[HtH that he ini;(ht yet bo vv(;lj enough to join oijc(} 
more, his coinrades and (UJiTiigo in active; «(irvice, but this wuh 
not to be. V^et he lived foi' ten years more, was abhj to take a 
moderate amount of <;xercis(5 in walkin;^ and ridin^r, r(;ta,in(Mi 
full [>oss(;Ksion of his mental faculties, was an ol»J(;ct of ;(i(;at 
inter<;Ht and veneration on the j^irt of his n(;i;.diborH and tin; 
peopU; generally, was fond of iclating stories of the vvai-s in 
which Ik; had be(;ii ctigag(;d t,o groups of young and old who 
wore wont to gather around him, and wuh quick and eager to 


Icnni :ill he could nhoiit the ('Mini):iiu:;Ms in which ho coiihl not 
now pMilicip.-ilt^ Mild Ihc Mll'iirs o(" the coimtry he coidd no 
K)iii;iM- stTvo. A\duMi in \1S',\ (he TroMly ot Pc^iico hud hccii 
c'oiU'huK>(l hi'(w(HMi biiiiil.iiid .'uul AiiUM"ic;i :uid the cause lio 
h)Vcd hnd j^lorioiisly triiiiiiphcd, he sent his con^ralnlations 
to Wnshinnlon, iVoin whom he received in reply ;i hi^autitiil 
5uul toiichini:; letter, I'nll of <;r:i(('rul recollections and of tho 
old undyini;; IVieiidship. 

"In 17S(!," says the h>tter of lion. Samuel Putnam iVoni 
Avhich we have ali'cady twic(^ (pioted, "lu> rode on horseback 
i'rom Brooklyn to Danvers and paid his last visit to his lVien(Ts 
there. On his way home, he stopped at (^amhridu'e at the 
coilog-e, where tlu' liovernor of tho colloae })aid him nnich 
attention. II was in my junior year ; ho came into my room. 
His speech was much allected by palsy." 

In th(> month ol" May, 171U), he was violently attacked with 
an inlhimmatory disease, which fronj the first he was satislied 
Avould pi()V(^ mortal. It was of short duration, continnim;' 
hut a few days. On tlu' L^lMlr" he passed to his rest , "calm, re- 
sinned, and Itdl of cheerl'ul hope." And the narrator adds : 
"The uronadiersof the 1 1th Iveiiiment, tho Independent Corps 
of Artillerists and the militia companioN in the neiiihhorhood, 
asscml)l(>(l each at their appointed rendezvous early on tho 
morniiii;" of ,luno 1st, and lia\ ini; re()aired to the lat(> dwtdl- 
ing house of the de(H»ascd, a suitaMo escort was formed, at- 
tended hy a procession of Masonic brethren present and a 
largo concourse of respectublo citizens, Avhieh moved to tho 
Congrogational moeiing-houso in lirooklyn ; and, after divino 
service performed by the Rev. Dr. \Vhitney, all that was 
earthly of a patriot and lu'ro was laid in tlu^ silent tomb, 
under tho discllarg•(^ of volleys from the infantry, and minuto 
guns from the artillery." Mr. \\'liitney's funeral sermon, 
afterward published, dwelt toiuhingly upon the i>xalted vir- 
tues and merit of his di'parted [)arishioiier whom hy had 

»-Wo corroct here a long perpetiintod error ns to tho datoa of General Piilnam't* ilealh 
aiul burial. Sec accuuiit in Sukiu I'nss liecord, of May ami Juno, It!'J'2. 


known intimately for ni;uiy yejirs, rcMulcM'inii;' llio lii^j^hcst testi- 
irioiiy to Ills (!li;ir.i(;t(!r ii.s !i ('liristiun rn.'iii, ns iui ;ir(l<Mit lovf^r 
jumI ii()I>I(; (l(rr(!ii(l<!i' ()['liis(H)Miitr'y, ;ui(l jib u, (jiilliriil, (ixccl- 
l(i(it iiM(l I»(!I()V(m1 (Mti/.cii, IiuhI);iii(1, fiillKsr jukI (Viciid. In duo 
liiiKi ;i, (tioMiiMKMit w.'i.s fiVitclcA] (»V(!r liis <ijr;ivo, l)0!irin<^ an cpi- 
tiipli vvliicli vvtiH wri(.t(Mi hy tlio ccl(!ln*iit(!(l Kov. Titnotliy 
Dwi<.';lit, D.I)., President of Yule Collei^e, who also knew 
liiin wc^ll, and whose niarhhi inscription states that "he dafed 
to \('.:u\ wli(;i-(! any da,i'(!d to lollow," lliat his "generosity was 
sin^'iilar and his hon<5sty was pi-ovcflual," and that "he raised 
hiinscir to i(niv(M"saI cstcseni, and oHiecis ot eminent distinction, 
hy pcr'sonal woitli and a nHi^l'id life." 

Jn IHI>>, h)ng years after the ohl warrior had snnk to liis 
r(!st and a <^rat<5fni eoinitry had reeonhid ins name lil<;li on tho 
roil of her nobh;st d(if(mders, the malignant fe(!lin<j^ which has 
heen advertcMl to on a prcivions pag(^ and wliicli had all the 
wliihi lain smollH!r<Ml and ranlcling in tin; l)reasts of a few sni'- 
viving ofHcers of tin; Rcivointion, at length fonnd V(!nt in a 
j)ul»li.sli(!d "Account of tln^ liatlh; of linnkci- Hill," liy (/(mi- 
eial Henry l)(!arl)orn. It denied to I'ntnam, not only the com- 
mand, Init also any active parti<Mpation in that engag<!ment ; 
repnssented him as cowai'dly, nnfaithfnl, and base in his con- 
duct on the occasion ; an<l otherwise sonj>:ht to l)la<tk(!n his 
njcmory. I'he pnl»lic was stung to indignation and i-age. 
TIk! press denoiniccid th(! calinnny and its author. Notal)le men 
<;am(! forward to voi<',(! the righteous ang(!r of IIk; j)(!opl(i, and 
<;onfut(! tin; statements and alh'galions of tin; accuser. Col. 
Danicd J/ntnam, th(i able and highly esteemed son of the de- 
part(!d veteran, whom we iiave seen with his fallwir at tho 
plow in Pomfret, on the arrival of the news from Lexington, 
April 20. 1775, wrote and published an elorpient an<l trium- 
phant answ(!r, of which, with anotin r l(;tt(!r from the same 
somrc, John Adams said ; "JV(Mth<!i' myself noi- my family have 
Ixicn al)l(! to r(!a(l either with dry <!y(!s ;" they "would do honor 
to 1h(! pen of Pliny." Otlnn- distinguisluM] sons of (Jomi(!cli- 
cut, like Thomas Grosvenor and John Trumbull, confirmed tho 

1 '20 

insn>ia OF Tin', i r tn am iaauIa. 

ni.Miih ;iiul tolli>\u' vii^lv w ill) lln-ir uri>:lil_v Avoids. 1 Itui. .It^lin 
laMVoU. oi \\of'\ou, iiMVO \o llio jMOss :\ siM'ios o[ lioiulinul :ir- 
lii'l(>s in wliirh ho »>\pi>so*l tlnMMuit>us iind \iiulirlivo spiril of 
tho :itJ:u'U nml oll'ort iinlly riiKlK'vl \\\o ntloniplovl tnlsilii'iil i(>n 
oi historx . P:ini('l ^^'^>l»sl^M• npponiTtl on t ho soiMio ;inil in his 
(>\vn ninstovlul \v;i\ vin*lio:iloil llio oh;u;u'Ior ol' iho sI.uuUmoiI 
tK\-uL Co\. Siumiol Swott issiunl his tVosh ;nul lull Moooiint 
ol" Iho l>:»tlh» :ih-o;uly M\ont ionoil. ii\ whioh ho S(M I'orlh. in vlo- 
t.'iil.tho p.'Uriotio niul horiMo p;irl w hioh riiln:un h:ul Ink on in il, 
;is tho ohiiM\>t iho oonlondinii |'Vo\ inoinl fori'os. Auocl soKliors, 
whiMvoio porhiips su^lposo^l to h.ivo ;ils(> |)Msstvl mwmv. lull who 
wiMo still linii'orors on ihostiiii'O in ntiny ;i sooliiUi ol' Now l-hi^- 
l:uul. iosi> on o\ iM'N' ^i^lo:\s I'roin ihoiv i^i'avos. to tostity :ino\v 
thoir lovo .-iiul lovnlly lo tluMr lamonloil h>;ulor. Mini to st;im|> ms 
iilUso his Ir.ulnoor's i'h:n*i:os Miul dool:U;ititMis. Auil tho st.itool" 
JM.'UssMohusotts h:ul not lon^' lo wait lor an i'l^por'.iniily to sot 
its I'lMinal and llnal soal lo tho Just and i^Mioral \onliot. 

^ ot noarhorn was not alono in his hittorm'ss at what ho vo~ 
poatodly Miul rnornlly rolors to as tho "oxti'aoidinary popular- 
il\.'" tho "nni\ oisal }^(>pulaiily ." or tho "i^phonioral and nnao- 
oonulahlo populaiilx " orPulnain ; nor was lu^alono rosjUMisihlo 
iov tho <:i'roundloss and wiokod asporsions whioh ho niado. 
'I'ho snhstanvo ol tho^t^ tirst aj^poarod. as oarly as tho yoar 
1810. in a skoloh i^l' Tionoial Stark, pnhlishod in a N\mv 
llampshiro papor whioh was not loss hostih> lo rnlnani than 
it was tavorahhMo iho "lion> ol' Uonnini^ton." iho odihn "s por- 
siMial t'lionil. Slark. >vho was an ahlo lUlioiM- and a vory hravc 
man in hatllo. was iho roi>iitoil aulhv)r or souroo ol' tho ao- 
iMisalivMis. Ho was a porson i>t' si ronn' passions and piojiidioos, 
was sonsilivo to slights anvl had o\\ sovoral (>ooasions during' his 
luilitaiy oari'or thrown np his i-oniniand whon ho had thouuht. 
that his own olaiius toprolornioul had hoon ovorlookovl. ov w hoii 
othors had boon prtnn(»tod and ho had not. llowasonool' 
thoso w ho had Uccu u\:\dc unh.appy hy Ihil nam's hii;h honors and 
iiioat po[Milarity : .and tho annoyanoo was not :i littlo inlonsi- 
liod hy the oiivumsluiioo that, ho had boon worsiod in a ooiirt 


trial, utwliiel) a caseof Piituani's interference with certain iri-eg- 
ularities ainonij^ the New Hampshire troops was broui^ht for- 
ward for examination and decision. The ennnty seems never 
to have died out. It was shared not only hy Dearborn, who 
was a captain in Stark's reginient at Buni<er Hill, but also by 
Major Caleb Stark, the colonel's or general's son. One of 
these, at least, was at length busy in seeking supports for their 
stranji^e story of the battle and in })rivately disseminating it 
abroad as he found opportunity. During the year follow- 
ing the great event, Staik, the father, apjjcars to have givini 
his version of it to the infamous General James Wilkinson. 
When, in 1815, the latter was preparing for publication what 
McMaster, in his new History of the peojde of theUidled tStates, 
justly describes as his "three ponderous volumes of nunnoirs, 
as false as any yet written by man," — he wrote to Major Slarlc 
for fuller information about the occurrences of June 17, 1775, 
asking him for aid in pr()(niringsubscri[)tions for his work, and 
informing him of his desire or purpose to correct certain pre- 
valent misconceptions concerning matters of Revolutionary 
history ! He had already heard from Dearborn. 

The bait took. The major was pleased, sent him some things 
that he wanted, referred him to Dearborn for more, and wished 
him abundant success in his literaiy enterprise. And then 
it was, that Wilkinson embraced in his "false" and "ponderous" 
volumes an account of the battle as wiitten by himself, and 
as based upon the testimony of this little coterie of Putnam's 
enemies. It is with reference to these memoirs, published in 
181G, that Kichard Frothingham himself says, in his Siege of 
Boston; "This work contains the eailiest reflections on Gene- 
ral Putnam's conduct on this occasion, either [)rinted or in 
manuscript, that I have met." The historian had not seen 
the New Hampshire i)ai)or of 1810. Its detraction had died 
an early death. Wilkinson's renewal of it, six years later, also 
produced no particular elTcct on the pul)lic mmd. It was left 
to Dearborn to stir it into life again, and it was only when one 
who had creditably tilled so many prominent positions as he 


hiicl held, (Iragired it forth once more, two years later yet, for 
wider notice, charged with a still more venomous spirit, that 
it received any general attention, or that it was deemed worth 
the while to brand it as it deserved. And now it remains to 
be added, that it is just these perversions and falsitications of 
the truth, which were prom()ted by such miworthy motives 
and had such iirnoble boo-innini^s, and which were then brought 
forward in their more amplitied and offensive form forty-three 
years after the battle of Bimker Hill and more than a quarter 
of a century after General Pntnam and the vast majority of 
his contemporaries had passed from earth, but only a fPAU 
months after the death of Colonel Humphreys, his old personal 
friend, his intimate companion in war, and up to the time of 
this jnucture his sole biographer — a circumstance, of which 
]\Ir. Webster makes menti(m — that, in lack of better material, 
Avere seized upon by partisans of Prescott us props for their 
new theory of his snpreme command on the ever memoraI)le 
day. Whoever will read attentively what these friends and 
eulogists of the Pepperell soldier have written about the 
battle cannot fail to see what eager and extensive use they 
have made of the discredited testimony, and with what pains- 
taking and disingenuous skill they have woven it into their 
narratives for the end in view. Certain Stark men, of New 
Hampshire, in their antipathy to Putnam, feel that they can 
safely enough extol Prescott, his snpposititious rival, while 
yet they labor to lift to proud preeminence their own hero 
and essay to remove the one fatal obstacle by alleging that 
the army ui the field, as a whole, was without an actual and 
responsil)le head. The Prescott men reganl the latter con- 
tention with com[)lacency, so long as their own fivorite is 
exalted, and conunon cause is made againstPntnam. Whatever 
jealousy exists between the two parties is held in abeyance, 
as both alike are made to realize that there is another com- 
mander whose claims are paramount to those of either Stark 
or Prescott, and whom it is for the interest of both parties to 
disparage, to ignore and to get rid of. Hence their constant 


nnd stnclied endeavor, while they may not still venture the 
more brutal defamations that were found to be so unprofit- 
able in earlier years of the century, to minimize as much as 
possible Putnam's best action or service ; to magnify and 
give credence to idle things that have been said to his preju- 
dice ; to conceal or weaken the force of the evidence that goes 
to establish his supremacy; and, as in some recent instances, 
to leave him out of sight altogether, not even his name being 
mentioned, as if he had no part or lot in the matter. And this 
is the way that some men write history. A late cycloramic 
representation of the battle, following such authorities, made 
Prescottand the redoubt at the extreme right of the lines the 
only real object of attention or interest, had nothing to show 
of the tremendous contlict at the rail-fence, and Dearborn- 
like placed Putnam far in the safe background, quietly sitting 
on his horse, and apparently engaged in conversation with a 
bystander and unconcerned about what was going on in full 
view before him. 

But General Putnam, however he has himselfbeen maligned 
or wronged, never by word or act betrayed any such feeling of 
jealousy, hatred, or revenge towards others. lie was swift and 
severe to upbraid and chastise those who werecravens orskulk- 
ers in the hour of imminent peril. But the records furnish no 
proof that he ever regarded with even the slightest envy or ran- 
cor any of his conu-ades. He never sought to undermine the 
good reputation or the fair fame of those who deserved well of 
their country. He was not troubled at their popularity or pro- 
motions, and as little did he seek by unworthy means or with a 
selfish spirit his own advantage or distinction. The honors 
and the praise that came to him were the free, unbought and 
spontaneous gifts of the state, the government and the pcoi)le, 
whom he so gallantly served, and to v;hom he so gladly de- 
voted the strength of his earlier and later years. He was as 
kind as he was generous, and he was as brave as he was mag- 
nanimous. Foremostin the strife, he was also last at the i)ost 
of danger when others fled the scene. He knew how to spare 


!i lalK'ii foe, ;iiul ho know :is nvoII how to bo \oy\i\ ami true to 
Ills iViomls. llo woro no masks, hut was frank, o[)on and hon- 
est, and as transparont as the day. His was no dark, sinistor, 
trit'ky or deceit lul nature ; and President Dwiiiht most truth- 
fully said of liim ; — "His word was rouardod as an ami)le se- 
curity for anything for which it w:is pledged, and his upright- 
ness eonunanded ahsohite contidenec." 

He Avas not without his faults, defects, or mistakes. 
Neither woro any of his contemporaries, however groat or 
good. If, like others, he was hhill" and unlettered, it may be 
remembered that he had but few early school or social advan- 
tages, and that very much of his maturoi- life was spent on 
the frontiers or in tlu> camp. It" his words lacked polish or 
rollnomont, they wore, at least, clear and vigt)rous and to the 
point. ^^ 

If ho was not one of the groat conunandors or strategists, 
yet was ho a bold and liory loader and ins})irer of men, whoso 
rare natural genius and a[)titudos for military service wore 
everywhere recognized and always called into requisition, and 
uhose more daiiug, and dashing kind of warfare was otton 
quite as nect>ssary and useful as the faculty which he may not 
have so fully })ossessed for arranging complicated [)lans and 
combining nnmoi'ous forci's for a more extensive scene of 
()l)erations. AVashington said of him, that he was "jl most 
valuable man and a tine executive otlicer," and it has been seen 
how frecinontly and how continuonsly he assigned to him the 
most inq)ortant trusts ho had at his disposal, until tho grow- 
inii" intirmitios of ago untittod him for the l)urilen. Against 
all attom}>ts of smaller men, who did not know him, or have 

ssWo ooi)y, liy way of illiistrjilioii, llii' ^■ll;u■!U■to^■i^ti^• lottor whioli (.ioiu'ial riiliiaiu 
wrote to Sir Uoiuy Clinton in reply lo an insolont iind tliroateuins message sent him 
bv that linlish cimmanilor uiuier a tlai; of trnce, tlomantlinjj the release auil return of 
II tory spy who had been eanglit m the American eami). It runs as follows : 

•• niCADgiAUTKKS, 7 AUGl'ST, 1777. 

" Sir: Kilmiuiil I'almer, an olVu-er in the Enemy's servii'e, was taken as a sjiy. lurk- 
ing' w ithin our lines, lie has been iried as a spy, eondemued as a spy. ami shall he 
e.veculed us ii spy and Uie flag is ordeied to depail immediatelv. 


r. S.— lie lias been accordingly hanged." 


not lonriicd Avlio or wli.'it ho "vviis, to wiitc him down by 1)0- 
lilllin^ his cjipiicil y or hi.s jjiilriotisin, wo phice thut siniph) and 
Hiillicinj^ tcslJMiony of ono who know him h)ii<:; and woll, 
who wM.s "lirst in war, fii-st in pcacn*, and (irst in tho hoarta 
of iii.s oonntrymon," and whoso jndf^nu'nt may porhaps bo 
not unroasonably proforrod to that of tho oritics and consors 
of a hiter time. Like so many of tho military officers of his 
day, Pntnam, it is said, often inibdgod in profane hin_<»;i\.'ijre. 
Ifliedid,ho iiad th(! manliness and ij^race openly to confess 
and I'enonncu^ his sin and express his soriow for it, thereby 
givinii' to all who villify, as well as all who l)last)henio, a good 
example whi(di they may well follow. Whatever forbidden 
word ho may have nride use of under tho sway of vehemciut 
passion, and amidst tlie heat and stress of battle, few men 
were at heart more reverent of God and sacred things than 
was he. 

A distinguished grandson of tho General, Judge Jiidah 
Dana, who was formerly United States Senator from Maine, 
wrote the following description of the subj(;ct of our sketch : 

"In his person, for liciglit about the middle size, very erect, thicl<-set, 
muscular and firm in every part. His countenance was open, strong, and 
animated; the features of his face large, well proportioned to each 
other and to liis whole frame; his teeth fair and sound till death. His 
organs and senses were all exactly fitted for a warrior; he heard quickly, 
saw to an immense distance, and though he somelimes stammered in 
conversation, his voice was remarkal)ly lieavy, strong and commanding, 
'J'hough facetious and dispassionate in private, wluui animatcul in the lK;at 
of battle his countenance was fierce and terril)]e, and his voice lilvc thunder. 
His whole manner Avas admirably adapted to inspire his soldiers with 
courage and conddence, and his enemies with terror. The faculties of 
his mind were not inferior to those of his body ; his penetration was acute ; 
decision rapid, yet remarl<ably correct ; and the more desperate the situa- 
tion, the more collected and undaunted. With the courage of a lion, lie had 
a heart that melted at the sight of distress ; he could never witness suffer- 
ing in any human being without becoming a sufferer himself. Martial 
music roused him to the higliest pitch, while solenm sacrcid nuisic sent him 
into tears. In his disposition he was open and generous almost to a fault, 
and in his social relations he was never excelled " 

Of the many other just and eloquent tributes which emi- 
nent Americans have paid to General Putnam's memory, tho 


following iVoiii Wiishiiigloii Irving may fitly coiicliulo our 

yt ory : 

"A yoomnn Avarrior, frosli from llio plouijli, in the ijarb of rural labor; 
ft patriot, bravi' and licnerons, but ronuli and ready, ■\vi)o thonnht. nol. of 
liinisolf in lime of danger, bn(, was ready to serve in any way, and to 
saerillce ollieial rank and selC-u'lorilleation to the nood of the cause, lie 
■was eminently a soldier for tiie oeeasion. Ills nauu> has lonj>' been a 
favorite one Avilh yonnii' and old, one of the talisnianie names of theUevo- 
lulion, the very mention of whieii is like the sound of a trnni[>el. Sneh 
nanu'S'are the preeious jewels of our history, to be <>'arnered up anionii- the 
treasures of the nation, and kept inunaculato from the tarnishing breath 
o( the eynie and tin- doubter."^'' 

IV. 97 Samuel {Jo/m, NathauicU Jo/m), born in Salem 
Villagv, f) Nov., KnSl; hapli/xMl S Foh., 1(hSI-85, titSaiom ; 
(lied at Siiclbiiry, 20 l)o(\, 17.3;) ; married at SalcMii, li) Oct., 
1701>, Mary, daiiolitor of John and Elizabeth (Flint) Leach, 
born a Mar., KuS 1-5. 

Children, born at Salem Village: 

251 Samiki.. b. 21 Feb., 1711-12; pr.ibably m. 17IS, Mary rratt.""-' Ter- 

iiaps the Sanuiel who was taxed In Kranuniiham, 173X. 

252 .loUN, b. 8 Oet., 1715; bapt. C May. 171(i; d. Apr., 17()2. 
253 Danikl, b. 27 Nov., 1717; biipt. 11 Oct., 17i;i; d. Sudlmry. 

251 Ei.r/.vitKTH. b. 2 Dec, 1711); bapt. 10 Sept., 1721; ni. Kob- 

bins of lioltoii where they settled. 
255 IIann.vii, b. 7 July, 1722; bapt. K! Doc, 1722. 
250 "Nathan, b. 7 Jime, 1725; bapt. 5 Sept., 1725. 
257 Mahy, b. i;? lH>b., 172<); bapt. 23 Feb., 1728; m. Whiteond), 

of Bolton, where they settled and had a snndl family. 

Samukl l^UTN aim was al one time a large land owner and 
prosperous farmer in Danvers, but having become surety for 
n friend was obliged to surrender his i)roi)erty, except ti sm.all 
farm in Sudbury, in order to meet this endorsement. Ou 
this Sudbury farm lu* si)enl tiie remainder of his days. His 
orandson, tlohn Putnam, stated, in 183o, that Stuuuel was a 
bhort thick-set mtui. He remembered him well. 

"Dec. 20, 17;").). This day between ttMi and eleven at night 

i'JRly lliimks are due to llie Kev. AllVcd 1'. rutiuuii of Concord lor llii.s vatii!il)lo aiul 
iiiU>roi*tinf;- .■n'eouiil of the lil'eof IJen. Israel I'litiiaiu,— K. 1'. 

""I'^raniinsliam Kceord.-* say "Sainuel I'liliiam, m.'JTJuly, IVIS, M.iry Trjitt of Kramiiij;- 
liaiu. Tlicrc \va« also ii Samuel I'uliiaui who went, from Sudbury lo Crown Point in 17.">(>. 


Died Mr. Samuel I'utnain of u fever taken on Monday night, 

IV. 98 Josiali (Jo//.?i, Nathaniel^ John), honi at Salem 
Village, 29 Oet., 1086 ; died at Dangers, 5 July, ITOG ; will 
proved 2 Se[)t., 17(50, dated 8 Juik;, 1702, wife llutli, sons 
Josiah, Enos, Asa, daughters liutli and Elizabeth ; married 
at Salem Village, 19 Feb., 1712-13, Kuth, daughter of Joseph 
and Eliza])eth (Swinnei'ton) nut(;hiiison of the Village, born 
there 20 Feb., 1090-1. 

ChildrciU, l)aptized at Salem Village : 

258 Asa, b. 31 July, biipt. 15 Aug., 1714. 

259 Enos, b. 6 Oct., 1710; bapt. 10 Feb. 1717; d. 1780. 
200 Josiah, b. 3 Mar., 1718-19; bapt. 3 May, 17i;». 

261 Vkvvm, bapt. 5 Apr., 1724. 

262 Ei.izAiJicTH, l)apt. 4 July, 172.">; ni. Williain I'utiiaiu" of SLcrliiig. 

263 Elisiia, bapt. 24 Mar., 1727-28. 

264 Kuril, bapt. 4 June, 1732; m. Hus.soll. 

Josiah Putnam and liis wife were reeeived iulo the chureh 
10 Dec., 1727. He is styled "Yeoman" and seems not to 
have taken mueh part in town affairs. He lived in a house 
built after 1714. 

IV. 103 Joshua (John, Uutlianiel, John), \)o\\\ in Salem 
Village, between 1090 and 1094; died in 1739; married in 
Salem, 2 Feb., 1721, Rachel Goodale. Administration on 
estate of Joshua Putnam was granted to his widow Rachel, 
8 Mar., 1730-1, and 1 Aug., 1744, administration on estate; of 
Rachel Putnam and also of J(;shua Putnam to their son-in- 
law, John Preston. 

Children, baptized in Salem Village: 

20.5 Hannah, b. 10 Jniio, 1722; bapt. 1.5 .Jan., 1720; d. 28 Mar.,-''« 1771 ; 
in. 12 July, 1744, Jolin, son of Jolm and Elizaljcth rruston, 1). in 
Sal(;ni Villa<:(!, 4 Sept., 1717; d. 14 Jure, 1771. Ch. : Elizal)Olli, 
b. 9 May, 174.5; ni, Abel Nichols, Dec. 30, 1700; ni. and, liartiiol- 
oniewTrasiv, 1785. Jolm, b. 3 Sept., 1746; m. Melutable While. 

3" Ancient diaiy kept liy a Sudbury guntlcman. 

•"Aiitliorily ol' liuluH I'lilnani. 

''"See account ol I'lcBlon family on page 73. 


riiilip, b. :W Orl... 17tS; d. '2',) May. KI'.K .Josliua, 1). 27 AraroU, 
17:.l; li. 11 May, 1751. David, b. 20 March, 17.V2; d. Hi Jan. 
1771. llanii.'ili, b. ;? Ann;., 17")! ; m. Amo.s Taplcy, 1!) May, 1772; 
d. 20 Oct., 1825. Capt. Lovi.b. 21 Oct., 17.">(); iii. Mcliitablc Nicli- 
ols. INIo.scs. 1). 20 Apr.. 17.^S; iii. S.irah Ucrry. .\aroii, b. 24 Mar., 
17(U); d :> Apr.. Kt'.O. Oanicl, b. II ,lmic, KCl; d. 1 .liily. 17(!2. 

'2M Mai;y. h. 2(; Jmic. 1727; b.apt. l,">Ocl.. 1727; in., 1744, Timothy, 
.sdii of .loscpli !ind Kli/,al)t'tli C (^Ixobinson) Prince. Oil. : Sam- 
uel, bapt. ;il May. 1747. Plicbc, bapt. IS Dec, 174S. IV'tly, 
bapt. 22 Doc, 177)1. 'I'imotivy. bapt. 7 Nov., {l't*<. llainiah, 
bapt. 1!) Oct., nCO. 

2(i7 U.vciiKL, b. 2 Doc, 1728; unni. in 1744. 

IV. 105 John (r/n//;?, yafliauirJ, John), hovu in Siiloni 
Aill;iiio, U; Auiz., 1(:;»1 : bipti/iMl tlu«ro, 2:> Alio., \i\\)\ ; died 
10 Kol)., ITlM. Will cliltMl 8 Ocl., 17(5;>; proved Apr., 
17(M. IK' m.inicd, lirsl, K; M:ir., 1717, Iviclicl r>ii\loM ; 
iii.'inicil, soooiul, L_V(li;i, diuiiilitiM" of S:nniiel ;iiul Love ( 1 Idwo) 
TorltM-, hovu, l()lt2: diod, -'2 Apr., 1777, in«Milit)nod in lior 
iiush.'uid's w ill. 111 his will ho oivc«s his son Amos U)s. ; stMi 
l^diniind, 1*10; son ,Iohn nil his huuls and hnildiiiu's. 

Children, horn in Snloin \'ill;igo, nil incntionod in their 
fnlhcr's will : 

2(;S l-YiuA. b. 171S: d. 22 Nov.. 17S!) i^piib. 14, 17;?7-S') ; in. 2 Mar., 
17;{7-S. David Ooodale, ol S;doin. Oh. : David, b. 1(! Doc, 17;>S. 
Lydia, b. 20 Nov., 1740. Emma, b. 21 .bin., 174;?. Piicbo. I). 4 
Feb., 1745. Edo, b. 10 Soi>t., 1747; d. 12 Apr.. 1770. Utildah, b. 
5 Apr.. 1750. Sarali, b. 5 .Uily, 1754. Hannali, b. 5 Jnno, 175S. 
.Iiuliili, 1). 20 Apr., 17(il; d. in Cimbridii-o, 4 May. 18;<7; m. 15 
• June. 17vS0. Daniel Harris.^" Andrew, b. 11 Nov.. 17(i5. 

2(i0 1,'^uAKi,, uientioiiod in his .uraiuluiotlier Love's will dated 12 .Inly, 
i:.">;i; provi'd i;> Sept.. 1702. 

270 -loiiN. b. 1720: b.'ipt. 11 Oct., 1724. 

271 Amos. b. 1722: l.apl. II Oct., 1724. 
272 Ki»u'M>. b. 1724: bapt. 27 ,hnio, 1725. 

27;5 Emma. b. 1727: bapt. ;• ,Uily. 1727: ni. 20 .Inly. 1748 (pub. ;>0 Apr., 

:"'n!iniel Harris was b. in Dorolicstor. .Tuly, 175-2; d. in Filohbnra:. li! OiHi., 1S20. His 
piiionls wlmo 'I'ltonias and Lucy (IMlmto) Harris. HtMvas a( Hunker Hill .-ind sorvetl 
tlinnigliout tlio Kmolution. There were twelve oliiUlreu born to Haniol ami .Imlitli 
Harris, the third cliild and oltio.-^t son beins? Daniel, b, in Fitchl)nrg, -.'l .lane, 1784; d. 
l:t .)uni>, IS.")S, who was captnroil in the war of ISIJ ami oonllned in Uartnioulh I'nson. 
He was jtrauil father of A. Si'ott Hams, of Chol.<ea. who is also desceiulod from Wil- 
liam Towne, llio fatlior of Uebci'ca Nui'se and .Mary K>tey. 


1748), JuiHUK HwlniHii'ioii, oC D.uivurs. (!li.: lOiiiina, l)iipl-. Hi Mir., 

1755. I'lifibo, l)ii|)L 15 Kcil)., I7<il. JaiinrH, bapL II ,I;i,ii., I7(;7. 
•274 rniciiK, I). I72S; l);i|)(,. 22 Si)|)t., 172H ; in. (|)i|l). II Mar., ITIG 7) 

(illlxirl. 'i',i|)I(;y, <»(■ DaiivcrH. Cli.: Daiiinl, l)a-|)l. 2.'} Due, 1750. 

.Ji»si!|)li, II Apr., 1750. Aaron, hiipt. i ItY-l)., 1751). Ana, bapL. 20 

Sc|«l.., 1701. Klljali, b!i|)l,. July, nCO. SimiIuIi, ijaj)!,. 21 May, 

275 IOdk, b. 17:'.:!; bapL 2'.) .July, 17;{:5; ill. Joliii S\viiiii<!rl,oii. Cli. : Kdo. 

Ilaiiiiali. I'.ol.h bapt. IC Nov., IHU). 

IV. 107 Amos ('/'Jul, Nalli/uud, John.), in S.ilciii 
Villii<,nf, 27 J:iii., I(;i)7; l);i|)l,i/(Ml llicn;, 27 Nov., lOlIM; <li<Ml, 
1774-. Will (l.'i,l,(i(l 15 .JiiiK!, 1773, piovcMJ 8 Nov., 1774, 
.son I).ini(!l, (!X(!(;iil,or. II(! niirriiMl II iiiiiali, iii(!iiLioii(;(l in li(!i- 
liijsliiind's vvili. 

271; Hannah, l)apt,. S il<-m Villa^'i;, I Ocl,., 1727; <l. b.rfor.r 177:5. 

277 Amoh, b. 172:5; bapl,. :51 Oct., 1720. 

278 .loHiiiM, b. 17:52- :!; bapl,. 25 Feb., l7;52-». 

279 IJzzucL, I). 17:55; bapt. 12 Oct., 17iJ5. 

280 Daniki,, b. I7:5H; bapt. 20 Nov., 17158. 

281 LYMA,bapt. ll.IuiK!, 1741; iii., Irtt, Kaiiincl I'liLiiaiii (No. :5'.)7); in., 

2(1, (.'apt. 'riiiiotliy I'ajii!. 

In a will, (lalod 2!i Mar., 17(J!), Amos <;all:s hiniHidf 'T<!0- 
iiiMii, of I)aiJV(!i'.s." II(! <:^iv(;H to liin tlir<MM!l(l(!sl hoiih lii.s laiidw 
in N<;vv Saicun, lo liis son D.iiiicI, liis I'linii and propcji'ly in 
Danvcas and Middlcloii. 

IV. 120 Doacon. Nathaniel (UenJKnua, Ndiluudd, 
John.), born in S;ilcin Villaoc;, 2.') Aii'j'., l<)M(;;di(!d 21 OcL, 
1 754 ; ni.ii'ricd inSali'ni,4 Jiiik;, 1701), llann.ili Rolici'ls, wlio 
died al»oiiL 1 1(\',\. 

(JliilcJrcn, horn in SaUan Viliao:*!: 

282 Nathaniki,, b. ; bapl,. I Ocl., 1710; <l. 1 Mar., 1711. 

283 ,JA(;()it, b. !> Mar., 1711-12; bajtt. 20 Apr., 1712. 

2>sl NAiiiANnci,, b. \ Apr., 1714; bapt. 2 M.'iy, 1711; d. II K.-b., 1720. 
285 Sakaii, b. 1 .IlliK!, 1710; bapl,. 2 Sept., 1710; iiiiiii. in I70:5. 
288 Ai{(aiicf>A(jH, b. 2!J May, 1718. 

287 Ki'iiaAi,\i, b. 10 Keb , 171'.)-20; bapt. ?, Apr., 1720. 
2H8 Hannah, b. 4 Mar., 1721-2; d. In Ainlna'Ht, N. II,, 1802; in. (pub. 
22 Oct., 1710;, Solonion, hoii oI' KbiMKiZcr and Hannah 
(OonM) Hntcliiinoii, of Soiili(!:<in West (AuilinrMt, N. H.), b. 
ill Saltan Villat;c;, 1721; d. Kuyijttc, Mc, about 1815. CJii. : Sol- 


onion, b. in Salem Village, 10 Nov., 1750; d. in Fayette, Me., 
1821. Ebeuezer, b. in Danvers, 22 Mar., 1753; d. in Ohio, 1828. 
Asa, b. in Amherst, N. H., 17 Nov., 1759; d. in Fayette, Me., 
27 June, 1848. Hittie, b. 17G0; d. Ilillsboro, N. H., 1799; m. 

Cram. Hannah, b. 1778; d. Sept., 1821. 

289 NATHANiEr,, b. 28 May, 1724; bapt. 21 June, 1724. 
290 MEHiTAnLE, b. 26 Feb., 1726-7; bapt. 19 Mar., 1726-7; ra. Reuben 
Hiirrlman, of Haverhill, N. H. (see note, p. 86). (Salem Keconls 
slate that on 4 June, 1747, Reuben Harrington of Haverhill, 
N. H., and Mehitable Putnam of Salem were married.) 
291 Kezia, m. Marble. 

Nathaniel Putnam was a yeoman and lived in Danvers, 
perha[)S part of the time in North Heading. Elected deacon 
of the First Chnrch at Danvers, Nov. 15, 1731. 

The following children and grandchildren were living in 

1763 and signed receipts for their share of the estate of widow 

Hannah Putnam. 

Son, Jacob Putnam. 
Daughter, Sarah Putnam. 

" Hannah Hutchinson. 

Son, Reuben Harriman, for his wife Mehitable. 
Daughter, Kezia Marble. 
Grandson, Archelaus Putnam, jr. 
Asa Putnam, for his daughter Hannah, a daughter-in-law of above 

Hannah Putnam deceased. 
Grandson, Klisha Putnam. 
Grandchildren, Jeremiah and Sarah Hutchinson. 

IV. 121 Tarrant {Benjamin, JS/athaniel, John), born in 
Salem Village, 12 Apr., 1()88 ; died, 1732 or 1733; married 
8 June, 1715, Elizabeth, daughter of Jonathan and Elizabeth 
(Giles) Bacon, born 26 Nov^, 1695 ; died 23 Aug., 1761. 

Administration was granted on his estate to his widow 
Elizabeth who was then with child, 10 Mar., 1732. Eliza- 
beth Putnam gave bonds with Nathaniel and Jonathan Put- 
nam. The will was probated 9 April, 1733. 

Children, all born and baptized at Salem Viihtge : 

292 TAiaiANT, b. 3 Apr., bapt. 6 May, 1716. 
29o Elizabeth, b. 20 May ; bapt. 8 June, 1718; m. Samuel (Eleazer, 

John, John) Putnam (No. 159). 
294 Solomon, b. 5 June, bapt. 19 June, 1720; adm. on estate granted 


to his bi-othei- Gideon, 2(3 Apr., 1752. Of S.ilem in 1747. IJIaclv- 
295 Mutv, I). 2G April, ijipt. SMiy, 1724; in. 27 Fah. 1752, S^uniiel^" 
293 GrDno.v, b. 2'.) M ly, 172C; bapt. 12 June, 172G. 
297 I.sRA.i«L, b. 24 Sept., 1730; b ipt. 27 Sept. 1730. 
298 Sarah, b. 29 Apr. 1733; bapt. 6 May, 1733, "of Elizabeth widow of 
Tarrant Putnam." On 14 M ly, 1752, guardianship was granted 
to Samuel Putnam. 

Tarrant Putnam inherited the hotnosteiid from hi.s father 
uiider the hitter's will of date of 28 Oct., 1706. 

IV. 123 Benjamin {Benjamin, MUhaniel, John), born 
in Salem Village, 8 Jan., 1692-3; died at Danvers, 1744. 
His will is dated 28 Miy, and was proved, 15 Oct., 1744. 
He married, first, 9 June, 1715, at the Village, Bethiah, 
daughter of J(jse|)h and Elizabeth Hutchinson of Danvers, 
born 24 Dec, 1693, died 9 Dec, 172(5; married, second, 5 
Mar., 1727-8, Ahigul, daughter of John and Mary (Gould) 
Hutchinson of Danvers, an own cousin of his first wife, born 
at Salem Village, 17 Mar., 1702 ; survived her husband. John 
Hutchinson, father of Al)igail (Hutchinson) Putnam, was a 
farmer in Danvers, l)ut owned land in Sutton, out of which 
he sold a farm to Cornelius Putnam. 

Children, by Bethiah, all i)orn and i)a[)tized at tlie Village : 

299 A (hui., 1). 2 Sept.; d. 10 Oct., 171G. 

300 A dau., b. and d. 3 Oct., 1717. 

301 Benmamin, b. 12 Oct. ; bapt. 18 Oct., 1718; d. 2(; Apr., 1790. 

302 A son, b. and d. 31 May, 1721. 

303 EiJ.vicn, b. 21 May, bapt. 10 Jana, 1722; m. 19 Mar., 1739-40, Fran- 

cis, son of Samuel and Dorothy (Faulkner) Nni-se,'" b. in Danvers, 
G June, 1717; d. tliere 7 Apr., 1780. They lived on the old 
liomestead. Francis Nurse m., 2d, 1769, Hannah Endicott. Ch. : 
by Eunice (Putnam) wen;, Samuel, b. 25 Mar., 1742; d., uum. 
17GG. Peter, b. 25 Mar., 1744; m. LydiaLaw, removed to Rock- 
ingham, Vt. Philip, b. 10 July, 1748. Eunice, b. 2 May, 1752; 
rn. William Fiske, of Amherst, N. H. Benjamin, b. 5 Apr., 1755; 

■"' Accorilniij to the Emlioott Genealos-y priiiteilin tlie X. E. H. & G. Re?., Vol. 1, she 
niMiTied Siiiniiel, son of Samuel and Ann.i (Endicott) EndUsott. b. in Danvers, 12 Mar., 
1717; d. 10 De(;., 1773. Ch. : Sarah, 1). 17.J.5. Saninol, b. 17.".-t. Soh.mon, b. 1757; Mary, 
b., n.'JS. Anna, b. 17f!i; d. nnu). Di'l)i)i-ali. b. 17(57. 

•" See Putnam's Monthly lliatoiioal Magazine, Vol. I, for genealogy of Nurse family. 


d. 5 Feb., 1818; m. 20 Nov., 1781, Ruth Tarbell, and had twelve 
chihli-en. Anioiii? his descendants is Benjamin Nurse Goodule, of 
Saco, Me. Phebe, b. 21 or 25 of Sept., 1757; d. unin. Jacob, b. 
11 May, 17()0. Abif>ail, b. Jan. or .June, 13, 1762; m. O. Spauldiiig, 
of Meniniac, N. H. Edie or Edith, b. 17 May, 1765; m. John 
Odell, of Anihei^t. By the second marriage, there was one child : 
Allen, I). aO July, 1771; m. Ruth Putnam and had the follow- 
ing cliildren : Polly, Pamelia, Rulh, Samuel, Endicott, Hannah, 

804 A son, b. and d. 10 Mar., 1725. 

305 A dau., b 26 Nov. ; d. 11 Dec, 1726.* 

By Ahigail : 

300 Abigatl, b. 27 June, 1727, d. y. 

307 AniGAiL, b. 1 Jan., 1729; bapt. 4 Jan., 1729-30. 

Benjamin Putnam was of Danvers, was a j^eonian, and of 
good estate. He joined with the cliurch, 4 Mar., 1715. Be- 
thiu, his wife, joined 30 Nov., 1715. 

In his will dated 28 May, 1744, he appoints his son Benja- 
min executor, and his brothers Stci)hen and Nathaniel to he 
overseers. His widow and chiklren, Benjamin, Ennice and 
Abigail, are mentioned in that instrument. 

IV. 124 Lieutenant Stephen {Benjamin, JSfatJianiel, 
John), born in Salem Village, 27 Oct., 16^4; died 1772; 
married, at Salem, 30 May, 1718, Miriam, daughter of John 
and Hannah Putnam (No. 1(54) of Salem Village, bom 9 
Feb., 1698. 

Children, ])orn and baptized at Salem Village : 

308 Stephen, b. 19 Mar., 1718-19; bapt. 17 May, 1719; d. young. 

309 MiKiAM, b. 11, bapt. 18 Apr., 1721 ; m. 28 Jan., 1743-4, Elislia, son 

of Thomas and Mary (Putnam) Flint, a farmer of South Dan- 
vers, b. 22 July, 1715. Children: Mary, b. 12 Mar., 1744-5; m. 
4 Jan., 1765, Dea. Eleazer Spoftbrd; lived in Jaffrey, N. H., and 
Bradford, Mass. Moses, b. 17 July, 1746 ; d 25 Nov., 1754. Re- 
becca, b. 25 Jan., 1749 ; m. 22 Apr., 1774, David Kimball of Box- 
ford. Mehitable, b. 9 Jan., 1758 ; m. 17 June, 1779, Bartholomew 
Brown of Danvers. Miriam, b. 4 Nov., 1759; d. 20 Oct., 1830; 
m. 5 Mar , 1777, Benjamin Putnam, jr. {Benj.,= Benj.,* Bcnj.,'^ 
Nathl,'-' John^), Hannah, b. 1 Nov., 1763; m. Parker Tjier of 
Townsend, Mass. 

310 RUFUS, b. 10 Sept., 1723; bapt. 15 Sept., 1723. 


311 TiMornv, b. '.) Jan.; bapt. 27 Mar., 172.5-0. 

312 I'liixnAH, b. 10, bapt. 10 June, 1728. 

313 A AiiON, b. 30 Aug., bapt. 11 Oct., 1730. 

314 Saiuii, b. 21, bapt. 25 Feb., 1732; m. Inj^alls. 

315 Hannah, b. 13, bapt. 18 May, 1735; unm. in 1709. 

316 ^, MosKS, b. 23, ])apt. 30 Sept., 1739. II. C. 1759. 

317 ' Stki'IIIcn, b. 14 Feb., 1741. 

Stephen Putnam, senior, \v;i.s occisioniUy honored with 
Jin election to .some minor town office, but doe.s not seem to 
have soii'^ht such preferment. In 1739, he was mule lieu- 
tenant of" the tiiird company of foot in town of Sahiin. Lieut. 
Stephen's will is dated 1 Feb., 17G9 ; proved 5 .May, 1772. 
In it he mentions his wife xMiriam and all his children exce[)t 
Kufus and Tiinotliy. 

Mr. Gyles Merrill supplied the dates and names of the 
al)ove-nientioned children from an old paper, evidently over 
a centuiy old, given to his mc^ther l)y a daughter of Miriam 
and Elisha Flint. 

IV. 125 Rev. Daniel { Benjamin, Nathaniel, John), 
boi-n in Salem Village, 12 Nov., 169G, died in Reading, 20 
June, 1759, married 25 Feb., 1718, Rol)ccca Putnam, born 16 
Aug., lf)91 (family record of Mrs. Howard has it IH Aug., 
1695), who survived her husband. 

Children, Imrn at North Reading (the mnjority of the dates, 

etc., given below are from a record in Rev. Daniel Putnam's 

own hand, made in one of the church books) : 

318 Kkbkcca, b. 7 May, 1720; ra. 21 Nov., 1751, Ebenezer Emerson of 
Lyiinfield, son of I5benezer and Mary (Boutwell) Emerson of 
Ileadin}:?, b. 1710-17. His first wife was Anna Nichols whom 
he m. 1740 and who d 1749. They had one son, Ebenezer, b. 
1747. By Rebecca he had Daniel, b. 1700, who inherited the 
homestead and m. 1781, Lucy, daufjhter of Isaac Pratt. 
319 Daniel, b. 8 Nov., 1721 ; d. 5 Nov., 1774. 

320 Aauon, b. 3 Oct., 1723; d. in infancy. 

321 Sauaii, b. 5 Sept., 1724; d. 8 Apr., 17^0; m. 18 Aug., 1742, Henry 

Ingalls of Andover. 

322 Hannah, b. 31 July, 1720; ra. 7 May, 1747, James, son of Deacon 

William and Abigail (Nichols) Flint of North Heading, b 25 
July, 1724; d. 8 Oct., 1802. Children : James, b. 30 Mar., 1754; 
d. unm. Kendall, b. Mar., 1750; d. y. Hannah, b. 5 Feb , 


1759; in. 7 Sept., 178(>, l.onjiniiin liuxton. Samuel, b. 1 Sept. 
17(!1. Jjniics Flint, senior, m., 2nd, 10 Jnlj', 17(!5, Mary Hart 
and had : Marj-, Adam, Jacob, Elizabeth, Mary, James, Charlotte, 
bapt., 1784. (See Eaton's Hist, of Headinj;.) 

323 EL1Z.M5KT1I, b. 28 May, 1728 ;m. 28 May, 1772, John Fay son of 

Pomfret, Conn. 

324 Maky, b. 13 May, 1730. * 

325 Joshua, b. 23 Feb., 1732; d. 22 Nov., 1745. 
326 Aauox, b. 15 Dec, 1733. 

327 Bethiah, b. 29 Nov., 1735. 

328 SrsANXAii, b. 17 April, 1737; d. 23 May, 1737. 

Rev. Daniel Pitnam was oraduated from Harvard Col- 
lege with the class of 1717. His latlu'r had in his will, pro- 
batfd ill April, 1715, given to him £150 for his learning. In 
1717, the North Precinct of Reading, which had been set otf 
in 1713, voted "to settle a minister amongst them as fast as 
they can and in the best method they can." The next year 
it was voted "to give Mr. Daniel Pntnam twenty acres of land, 
exchanged withSergt. Flint and Sergt. Eaton, if Mr. Putnam 
be our minister." Also ''to build Mr. Putnam an house of 
28 feet long, 19 feet wide, and tifteen feet stud, a 'Lenter' 
on the back side 10 feet stud, three chimneys, from the grounti, 
and chamber chimney, and convenient parlor, and convenient 
well, in lieu of the 100 pounds, if Mr. Putnan'i find nails and 
glass lor the house." 

jNIr. Putnam had been preaching in the North Parish some 
while, until they could settle a minister. He was married in 
the same year as the al)i)ve oiler was made and piobaMy the 
tw'o events were closely connected. It was not until '2\) June, 
1720, that he was ordained. The chnrcli then consisted of but 
thirty-nine meml)ers, hence his support Iroin a linaneial point 
of view, must have been slight. In 1722, the older ])arish of 
the town "took up a contribution in aid of Hev. Daniel Put- 
n:im, of Ni)rth Precinct, who is represented to be in great 
straits." The amount collected was £5-17s. In 1724, the 
North Precinct voted "to a[)i)ly to the (Jovernor and Council 
in relation to Mr. Putnam's troubles." In spite of the slight 
linaneial su[)[)ort he received, his ministry waf> a success. The 


parish was pleased with him and did what they could for him. 
Wo imai^iiic that times became easier for him after the last 
entry. In 1759 his death occurred; he was much himented. 
During his ministry of thirty-nine years he had added 194 
persons to his church, baptized 491, and married 111 couples. 
He was succeeded by Rev. Eliab Stone in ITGC*^ 

The house and farm of the Rev. Daniel Putnam are now, in 
1890, occupied by his descendant Henry Putnam, Esq., of 
North Reading. 

IV. 126 Deacon Israel Putnam (Z?fw;amm, Nathaniel^ 
JoJtn), born in Salem Village, 22 Aug., 1699 ; died in Bed- 
ford, 12 Nov., 1760 ; married probably about 1720-21, Sarah, 
daughter of Jonathan and Elizal)eth (Giles) Bacon, of Biller- 
ica (that i)art now Bedford), born 25 Dec, 1696. 

Children, l)()rn in Bedford: 

329 LsKAKL, b. 20 Mar., 1723; d. at Chelmsford, 23 Feb., 1800, af,'ed 77 

years (g. s.). 

330 Benjamin, b. 2 Auj?., 1725. 

331 Jonathan, b. 16 July, 1727. 

332 Sarah, b. 29 June, 1729 ; m. (pub. G Jan., 17.50-1), Matthew Whip- 
ple of Salem. 
3.33 Elizabeth, b. 18 July, 1731. 
334 Taukant, b. 2 Sept., 1733. 
335 Mary, b. 8 Nov., 1735. 
33G Bridget, b. 11 Feb., 1737. 

Iskap:l Putnam left the homestead as soon as he was of 
age and bought, June 1, 1721, of John Lamon, fifty acres 
of land in Billerica. Here he settled and made a home for 
himself. This pai't of Billerica was set off as Bedford in 
1729, and Israel Putnam became the first constable of the 
town. He also was the first to hold the position of deacon 
in the first chiu'ch established there. From titne to time he 
added to his estate by buying adjoining lands; and in 1763 
an inventory of his estate made by bis widow Sarah, and her 
son Israel amounted to £444. The old burying ground at 
Bedford was once part of his estate l)ut he had given the land 
to the town for that [)ur[)(>se before his death. 

*- For an inteiestin;; acooiint of ihu early ministers at lieadinj; see I'litiiam's Montiily 
Histuncal Magazine lor July, 181>2. 


IV. 127 Cornelius {Benjamin, NatJianiel, JoJin), born 
Salem Villiioe, 3 Sept., 1702; died in Sutton, 17(51, willdtited 
20 Apr., proved 29 May, 1761 ; married, first, 17 Nov., 1725, 
Surah, daiiuhter of Benjamin and Jane (Phillips) Hutchinson 
of the ViUage, born 26 Dec, 1701 ; died in Sutton, 9 eTune, 
1741 ; married, second, 12 Nov., 1741, Elizal)eth widow of 

William Perkins of Sutton and daughter of Nelson of 

Newbury, born 18 April, 1734. 

Children : 

337 Sarah, b. 3 Jan., 1726; d. 30 May, 1738. 

338 Betiiia, b. 18 Dec, 1728; not mentioned in her father's will. 

339 CoRNEUUS, b. 23 May, 1730; ni. 2 Aug., 1753, Elizabeth or Deborah 


340 Benjamin, b. 13 May, 1732; d. y. 
341 Nathaniel, b. 3 May, 1734. 

342 Takrant, b. 28 Mar., 1736. 

343 Bartholomew, b. 19 Apr., 1739; d. y. 

344 David, > . , , ,^ ,^-, 

o,. o > twins, b. 31 May, 1741; d. y. 

345 Sarah, S 

^^y second wife : 

346 Sahaii, b. 18 Mar., 1743; m. 16 Oct., 1765, Capt. Archelaus Tut- 

uani (No. 43.!). 

347 Bartholomew, b. 21 Apr., 1745. 

348 David, b. 14 May, 1747. 

349 Elizabeth, b. 28 Sept., 1749. 

350 Anna, b. 21 Nov., 1754; d. y. 

Cornelius Putnam was probably settled in Sutton as 
early as 1726. He and his wife Sarah joined the church 
there in 1729, and in 1733-4 he Avas one of the selectmen. 
During his lifetime he was nnich respected and held many 

IV. 139 Elizabeth {Jonathan, John, John), born 
Salem Village, 2 Feb., 1686-7 ; died 8 Aug., 1728 ; married 
(pub. 9 Dec, 1708) John son of John and Lydia (Herrick) 
Porter of Wenham, born 21 July, 1683. He died about 1775. 
John P(n-ter removed to Ellington, Conn., about 1740. 

Children, all born in Wenham : 

351 John, b. 16 Apr., 1710 ;h1. 27 Jan., 1722. 

352 Jonathan, b. 1 Apr., 1712; d. 5 July, 1783. 


353 Ei.iZABKTH, b. U Aug., 1714; d. Jan., 1715. 

354 David, b. 10 Mur., 171G, d. 22 Apr., 1710. 

355 Lydia, b. Sept., 1717; m. prob. Samuel Burroughs of Windsor 30 

Oct., 1745. 

356 Ruth, b. 28 Oct., 1719; prob. in. 1 Jan., 1743, Samuel Bowles. 

357 Danikl, b. 19 Sept., 1721; d. 5 Jan., 1700. 
3.58 John, b. 17 Jan., 1723 

35Sffi Jehusha, b. 8 Nov., 1724. 
3586 Elizabeth, b. 23 May, 1726. 

IV. 142 Jonathan {Jonatlian, John, e7o/<?z), horn Salem 
Village, 8 May, 1691 ; died 17 Jan., 1732 (gravestone. Wads- 
worth cemetery) ; married 12 Feb., 1714-15, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth Putnam (No. 80)*', who 
married, second, 25 Nov., 173G, Capt. Benjamin, son of Ben- 
jamin and Sarah Houlton, of Salem,** born 14 Jan., 1689; 
died 1744. She was his second wife. She mai-ried, again, 
7 Nov., 1745, Edward Carlton of Haverhill.*^ Jonathan 
Putnam, jr., was a farmer in Salem. 

Children, all baptized at the church in Salem Village : 

359 Jonathan, b. 13 July, bapt. 24 July, 1715; d. 1762-3. 

360 David, b. 7, bapt. 17 Nov., 1717; guardianship to Israel Andrews, 

granted 3 June, 1732. 

361 Elizabeth, b. 28 Nov., 1719; bapt. 19 June, 1720; d. 8 Aug., 1728. 

362 Aakon, b. 23, bapt. 31 Dec, 1721; d. 4 Aug., 1728. 

363 Nathaniel, b. 6, bapt. 8 Dec, 1723; in 1744, of Boston, chair- 

maker (Suffolk D. 208-74). Will dated 16 Jan., 1747; proved 
1 Aug., 1748; mariner; mentions sister Mary Cleaves, Elizabeth 
Cleaves, brother David Putnam. 

364 Maky, b. 19, bapt. 20 Eel)., 1725-6; guardianship to Nathaniel 

Brown, 5 Dec, 1742; m. (pub. 9 June, 1744) William Cleaves, 
jr., of Beverly. 

365 Elizabeth, b. 19, bapt. 21 Nov., 1728; guardianship to Nathaniel 

Brown, 13 Dec, 1742; m. Cleaves. 

IV. 143 Esther (Jonatlian, John, Jolin), born in Salem 
Village 18 Nov., 1693 ; died ; married 22 June, 1721, 

^3 Rev. .Jos. Green in his diary makes the following entry " Feb. 2r>, 1714-1.5, I went 
to Mrs. Joseph Putnam's and marrieil .Jonathan Putnam." 

" Mrs. Sarali Houlton married for her second husband Capt. Benjamin Putnam (No. 

*' See Houlton Genealogy by Eben Putnam. 


Daniel, son of Satniiol and Rebecca (Andrews) Marble, born 
5 Feb., 1C)\)'6, died April, 1755. 
Children : 

365a Esther, b. Feb., 172.3; d. 10 Jan., 1799; ni., 1st, 13 Sept., 1746, 

Jonathan, son of William and Margaret (Derby) Osborn, b. 1722; 

d. 1754; m., 2ud, John, son of Benjamin Proctor, b. 1705; d- 

3 Sept., 1773. 
3656 Daniel, b. 1726; d. 30 Oct., 1775; m. Ann — , b. 1728, d. 19 

Jan., 1779. 
365c Jonathan, b. 1730; d. Jan., 1730. 
365cZ Jonathan, b. 1732; d. 27 Mar., 1815. 
365e John, b. 1734. 
365/ Samuel, b. 1735; d. 7 Jan., 1799; m. Abigail who was b. 1738 and d. 

3 May, 1773. 

IV. 146 David (Jonathan, John, John), born Salem 
Villao-G, baptized there, 8 Sept., 1706; died 3 Feb., 17G0 ; 
married (published at Salem, 27 Aj^r., 1745) Anna, daugh- 
ter of Samuel and Anna (Edwards) Houlton (of Danvers) 
born 4 Sept., 1729, died 25 Sept., 1763. 

Children, born Salem Village, baptized at North Parish : 

366 Eunice, bapt. 31 Mar., 1750-1. 
3 67 David, b. 15 July, 1755, bapt. 17 Aug., 1755. 
368 Houlton, bapt. 28 Aug., 1757, d. y. 

The will of David Putnam, jr., of Danvers, yeoman, is 
dated 8 Jan., 1760, and was proved 31 Mar., 1760. Men- 
tions his wife Anna and son David, under age. 

David (Josej)h, Thomas, John) is usually styled senior on 
the records. 

IV. 148 Bartholomew (James, John, JoJin), born 
Salem Village, 1H87 ; baptized at Salem, Oct., 1688; died 
at sea 23 May, 1723 ; married 6 July, 1710, Mary, daughter 
of Jos.'ph Pntnam (No. 79) born 2 Feb., 1690-1. 

Children : 

369 Bartholomew, b. 3 Mar., bapt. 9 Mar., 1711-12. 

370 Joseph, b. 1, l)apt. 15 Aug., 1714. 
371 William, b. 1, bapt. 4 Aug., 1717. 

372 Maky, b. 19, bapt. 20 Sept., 1719. 

Bautholomew Putnam was of Salem. ' He was a mariner 


as the following marine protest shows. It also throws light 
upon the dangers to which our early mercantile marine were 

Province of the Mafsachusetts \ Anno Regui Regis Geoi'gii Nunc 
Bay in New England Efsexf co ) Magnse Brittani* &c Nono. 

By this Publique Instrument of — Protest be 
it knowne & Manifest to all Christian People 
[seal] that on the Sixth day of July Anno Dora 1723. 

personally appeared before me Stephen Sewall 
Esq'". Notary Publique at my office in Salem 
within the County & province af ores'? M^ Nathan Putnam of Salem 
af ores'! Marriner Lately mate of Cap? BarthoP. Putnam in the 
Skooner Efsex who Departed this Life at Sea on their pafsage from 
Jamaica to New p]ngland Since which the s*! Nathan Putnam as is 
Customary in Such Cases was master and Commander in Cheife who 
for & in the nature of a protest Did on the Day afores'? in Salem 
afores'? Solemnly Declare make knowne & Averr in Manner follow- 
ing viz That on the 10* day of March 1722/3 they SetSayle from 
the Island of Saltateodos Laden with Salt their vefsell being very 
Leaky bound for New P^ngland that on the 12'!' day of March 
af ores'! at Night they Sprang thier foremast by reason of which & 
thier vefsells remaining very Leaky on the M*."" they bore up to 
Jamaica where they arived the 24'.'' of the Same month & after they 
had Stopt thier Leaks & Strengthned their mast refitted thier vef- 
sell what w\ns necefsary which they were forc't to doe at a Great 
Disadvantage by Selling a Considerable parcell of Salt— being at a 
Low rate there; on the 24'!' of Aprill 1723 they Set Sayle from 
Port Royal in Jamaica bound for Salem in New England & on the 
S'!' of may following in the Latti'^'^ of 21 Degrees North Latt: they 
unhappily met with Loe the famous pyrate who had 2 Sloops or 
vefsells under his Command and the Pyrats Carried the Master 
Bartho'? Putnam & 2 of aur men on board the vefsell he himselfe 
was aboard & the rest of us on board the Lefser pyratical vefsell 
Called the ranger & then the Pyrates went on board our vefsell 
broke open the Chests Trunks & Ransackt & tooke away what 
Silver & Gold was aboard that they could find & the Cloths & 
P>ery thing Else they See cause beat the master with the Cuttlash 
& on the 'J'!' of JNIay Dismist us when we made the best of our way 
to New England on the 23*! day of May our Master Cap! Barthol? 


Putnam Dyed luivoinji" boon Sick tVoni tho lime they Came out of 
.lauiaioa it that on the .")'.'' day of July 1723. they ai'ived at Salem 
in Xew England with about Twenty Tunn of Salt. 
Whcrefoi'C I tlie Notary a fores'! at the motion & request of the s'! 
Nathan Putnam doe Solennily protest against the Leakinels of tlie 
vefsell the Springing of the fore mast & their being taken & plun- 
dered by the Pyrates to be the Causes & the onely Causes of all the 
LoCses Damages Delays hindrances Demurrages Mischeives I neon- 
veniencies already Suffered & Sustained or hereafter to be Suffered 
& Sustained, this Done an protested tlie day & year aboves'l. In 
Testimonium — veritatis Signo nu'o manuali Solito Signavi & 
Sgillum apposui Rogatus. 

Stephen Sewall Not?" Pub'!'^ 
John Gray & Timothy Mackmazza Two of the Crew — 
nuide oath to the Truth of the matter of fact Contained 
in the foregoeing protest. 
Sworne by both July 8'.'' 1723. Curiam 

Steph Sewall Just peace 

On 20 July, 1723, adininistvatioii on his estate was granted 
to his lather James rntnaiu and to his hrothei'-in-iaw, Israel 
Porter. The lather died shortly nl'tcrward and tho duties of 
settling the estate devolved upon James Putjiam, jr., who on 
21) Doc, 1729, rendered an inventory of the estate. On 18 
June, 1733, Sarah, widow of Israel Porter, is a[>i)ointed ad- 
ministratrix on this estate and on 21) Jtme, 1733, a division 
was ett'eeted in which liartholomew, Josef))!, William, and 
Mary, participated. 

During 173G-38, the three sons disposed of laiuls which 
had ccmie to tluMU fiom estate of their uncle Nathan. 

This seems to have been one of the most thrifty of the 
Putnam families, a trait which has s^hown itself in many of 
James Putnam senior's, descendants. 

IV. 149 James {James, Jo/ii), JoJni), born Salem 
Village, 1()81) ; died i>robably late in the winter of 17l>3 ; will 
dated () July 1751, prowd 14 Jan., 17(il, inventory 1 Apr., 
17(55 ; married (pul)lished 15 Jan., 1714-1^), Kuth, daughter 


of Col. John mill Ruth (Gardner) Ilathoriic, of Salem, bap- 
tized Sept., 1694; livinir in 1751. 
Children, horn in Salem Villaire: 

373 Sakaii, bapf.. No. Parish, 4 Dec, 1715; m. (pub. 28 Nov., 1738) 

Joiiallian Browne of Newbury. 

374 EuKxNEZKR, b. ,1717; bapt. No. Paiisli 20 Oct., 1717; d. 12 

Aug., 1788. 

375 Arciielaus, b. , 1721; bapt. No. Parish, 14 May, 1721. 

376 Ahidic, not on town or cliurch records; d. y. 

377 Nathan, not on town or church records; d. s. p. 
378 .Jamks, b. , 172(;; bai)t. No. Parisii, 31 Jidy, 1730. 

Jamrs Putnam lived in the house just to the southeast 
of Oak Knoll on the same road. The iiouse is still standini^ 
m a line state of preservation. The follovvini^ entry is of 
interest in this connection; 4 Feb., 1714, Israel Porter, 
Junior, conveys to James Putnam Sr., mason, tiiree and 
one-half acres of land, "on which his son James hath lately 
built him a house." He had joined the church on 4 Sept., 
nii'), and was prohaljly married al)()ut the time of tiie above 
deed. II is wife belonged to one of the most influential families 
in Salem. 

Durino; his lonij^ life James Putnam took considerable 
interest in town affairs. lie w;is one of those who succeeded 
in obtaining the establishment of the District of Danvers and 
was elected tythingman at the March meeting in 1758. 
Previous to this he had been survej'or of liigliw;i}s in 1729, 
and in 1747 was .selectman from the "Farms." In 1730, 
he paid the ninth largest tax in the Village. His will is 
jjivcn below. 


In the Name of God Ameii I James Putnam of Salem in 
tlie county of Essex yeoman l)eing ;itt tliis time in ;i good 
in(!;isuie of luvillii, uiid of l-'erfei^t mind and memory. 
Tiianks l)e given Unto God, l)iiL Calling unto mind tlie 
moi'tallity of niy l)0(ly. And not knowing how soon it may 
Please God to Talce me out of this world Do make and 
ordain tiiis my last Will and Testament viz: Principally 


and first of nil I give and recoimnend my Soul into the 
luinds of God that gave it. And my body I Recommend to 
the earth to be Buried in Decent Chiistian Buriel. And 
Touching Such Worldly estate wherewith it hath Pleased 
God to Bless me in this Life. I give & dispose of the same 
in the following manner & Forme. 

Imp' I give and Bequeath to my well Beloved wife Ruth the 
use and improvement of one-third part of all my real Estate 
during her natural life I also give to my said Wife all my 
household goods within door Forever. 

Item 1 give to my daugliter Sarali Brown one pound six shill- 
ings Lawfull money wliicli is her full Portion out of Estate 
with what I have given her att her marriage. 

Item 1 give to my son Ebenezer Putnam Twenty-eight Pounds 
Thirteen shillings and four pence Lawfull money which is 
his full Portion out of my Estate with what I have given 
him before viz a Liberall Education and other things. 

Item I give to my son James Putnam one pound Eight shill- 
ings Lawfull money which is his full Portion out of my 
estate with what I have given him before viz : a Liberall 
Education and other things. 

Item I give to my son Archelous Putnam and to his heirs and 
assigns forever all my lands and all the buildings standing 
thereon situated in said Salem and Middleton with all the 
Priviledges and Appurtinances thereunto belonging. I 
also give to my said son Archelous all my live stock of 
creatures. And all my Personal Estate that I have not 
Disposed of and further my will is that my said son Arche- 
lous Shall pay all and every of the aforesaid Legacies 
within the space of two years after my Decease and he 
shall pay all my just Debts, and the charges of a Decienfc 
. funeral for my self and my said wife out of what Estate I 
have given him in and by this will. And I hereby consti- 
tute and appoint my said son Archelous Putnam to be my 
sole Executor of this my last will and Testament and I do 
hereby Revoke and Disanull all and every other Former 
Testament AVills Legacies and Bequeaths Ratifying this 
and no other to be my last will and Testament in witness 
whereof I have hereto sett my hand and seal this sixth Day 

of July A. D. 1751. 

James Putnam [Seal] 


Signed Sealed Published and Declared by the said James 
Putnam as his last will and Testament in the Presence of us 
Eliiah Porter -v 


will was Proved Approved and allowed. 

Isiael Clark jr \ Essex fs Ipswich January the 14 1764 Before the 
Dorothy Porter ' Hon"® John Choate Esq Judge of Probate this 

IV. 154 Jethro (James, John, John), baptized Salem 

Vilhige, 2 May, 1702; died 1751; married 14 Apr., 

1726 Anne (No. 84), daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth 
(Porter) Putmim, who survived her husband. 

Children, born in Salem Village : 

379 HuLi>AH, bapt. 16 Apr., 1727; d. 1 May, 1802; ra. 8 Jan., 174(5, 
Deacon John, son of Capt. Samuel and Ruth (Putnam) Flint, 
ofMiddleton. Cli. : Jeremiah, b. 23 June, 1749. Ruth. Anna, b. 
2G July, 1753; m. Enoch Perley. Joiui, b. 1 Mar., 1756. 
380 Enoch, b. 18 Feb., bapt. 26 Feb., 1731-2. 

381 Rebkcca, bapt. 5 Sept., 1736; m. Peter (Caleb, John, John, John), 


382 Nanny, bapt. 18 Feb., 1738-9; prob. d. y. 

Jethro Putnam lived on the old Putnam place, now Oak 
Knoll. In 1730, his name stood tenth on the tax list for the 
Vilhige. Although holding a good position and good pro[)erty 
he seems not to have taken much part in public afiairs. 

His will is dated 24 Jan. and was proved 18 Feb., 1750-1. 
Jn it he mentions his wife, his daughter Huldah Flint, his 
daughter Rebecca, under eighteen years of age, and son 

IV. 156 Eleazer {Eleazer, John, John) born Salem 
Village, 8 Sept., 1695 ; died Preston, Conn., 13 Jan., 1741 ; 
married at Preston, 7 Jan., 1730, Mrs. Hannah (Williams) 
Billings of Groton, Conn., who died Aug., 1780, aged 

Eleazer Putnam settled in Preston, Conn., previous to 
1730. He was a farmer there and much respected. 

Children, born at Preston : 

383 Ai'PHiA, b. 9 Oct., 1731 ; d. 1800; m. Samuel Andrews of Groton, 

Conn. Ch. : Eleazer, of Preston. Ellsha. Lucy. Eunice. Sally. 


384 .louN, h. i;> IM.'iy. 17;U: d. 10 Au!^., 17Sl!. 
3S5 Oii.vKLKs, b. i;> Oct., 17;?7. 
;iS(! EuMCK, b. '2 Nov., 1740; d. y. 

VI. 158 Jeptha {Eleazer, Joliu, Joint), honi Siilom 
Vill;i«ro, lU Auu., l(U)l) : died in Sutton, '2o Apr., 1772 ; ni;ii-- 
riod, tirst, II M;ir., 1728, Uutli Fnller, who died 17 42-8, or, 
aooordiniT to the Hist()rv of Sutton, Ruth Kay; inarriod, 
sooond, at Bi'verly, 8 dan., 174(i, Mrs. Kuth Hay ward of 
Ix^vorly, born, 1727; died Jan., 177SI. 

Children, piohahly all born in Sutton: 

oS7 r^ h. 1*7 Auj;.. l"-."*; d. y. 
388 Samiki.. b. 19 May, 1727^". 

;?8;) Hannau. b. lo Aui;., 1728"^; in. I'S May, 174S, l>iMiJainin son of 
Boiijamiti and Knth (Conant) Woodbnry of Sutton (^lornu'rly of 
Boverly), b. o Fob., 1720 ; d. Koyalston. 17 Oct., 17iK>, wlienoo he 
had removed from Sutton in 17(;o. Ch. all but last b. in Sutton: 
Benajah. h. 21 Feb., 174S. Kuth, b. 12 Feb., 174;». Appliia, b. iU 
July, 17."<1. Elizabeth, b. 21 Meli., 17:);>. Lot, b. 10 July, 1755., b. about 175S. Hannah,!), about 17G0. A child, b. Uoyalston. 

;>;)0 EHKNKZinj, b. 22 Feb., d. 5 Mar., 17o0. 
391 Fn.i.r.ij, b. in Jan., 17;U^''. 

;)Jt2 lU'TH. b. 18 Oct., 17;>2 or oo^*; in. 5 Nov., 1751, Stephen llolnnui 
of Sntlon, who d. 15 Nov., 1800. Ch. : Kuth, b. lo Sept., 1754. 
Stephen, b. 7 Dec, 1750. Juiiitii, b. 21 Feb.. 175!). Called 
''Kuth Bartlett" in her father's will dated 18.0ct., 170o. 
303 John, b. 27 .luly, 17o8-»'. 

3t)4 MA15Y. b. 2o t>ot.. 1741^^ 

395 Ui-.NA.iAii, b. 7 Sept.. 1747^''. 

396 Onn-.oN,^"' b. . 

dr.rriiA Pi •rNA:\i proliably moved to Stitton as early 
or earlier, than 172o. 2G Dee., 172o, John Iltitehinson of 
Salem, husbaudmttn, sold for £150, to Jeptha Putnam of 
Salem, eari)enter, a farm of 121) aeres, more or less of said 
farm beiiiii' in town of Sutton. This gnuit boimded on 
the west on Cornelius Putnam's laud. This deed was done 
at Salem ; but on 14 Dec., 1720, Jeptha Putnam "ol Sutton 
or livinu" on the farm formerly I\Ir. Davi>n[i()rt's of Roston 
tliat adjoins to the town of Sutton "' tor £80, sells to Isaac 

«' Montionoil in will of Joplha fill nam " liousowiiiilit " dated 18 Oi't, 1T(>3, iirovoil 
i May, 177-2. 


PiiliiMiii of Tofjsfield, yooniaii, tliiity-tliree uci-cs of D.-iven- 
port's farm whic;!! hoinidcd on said I.saa(;'s land. This was 
done at Sntlon and Elislia Pntnain and Jonathan Fuller were 
witnesses. Both Jeptha and his wife; liiith were admitted 
to tlie ehuix'h at Sutton, G Oct., 172'S. His sou Fuller 
inherited the farm and HvcmI there. 

IV. 159 Samuel (Eleazer, John, J(Jin),h()vn in S'alern 
Villai^e, ao iVIay, 1707; died there, 14 or 15 Dee., 17H1 ; 
married there, 29 Dec, 1736, Elizabeth (No. 293), daughter 
of Tai'rant and Elizabeth (Bacon) Putnam, born 10 or 20 
May, 1718; died 21 May, 1784." 

Chihlren, born and baptized in Salem Village : 

3!)r,a Klizaueth, b. , 1738; d. 14 Apr., 1791 ; m. Daniel Putnam. 

397 Samukl, t). 13 June, bapt. U June, 1741; il. 178G. 
398 iMAUTHA, b. 9 Sept., 1742; bapt. 27 Mar., 1742-3; d. 3 Sept., 1821; 

ni. , Jolin, son of Jolin and Elizabetl) (Jacob.s) Endicott 

of Salem, b. 1739, bapt. 7 June, 1741, d. 4 Mar., 1810. Ch. : 
Samuel, b. June, 1763; m. Elizal)eth (No.G32), dau. of William 
Putnam of Sterling. "» Jolin, b. 13 Jan., 1765; m., 1st, Mary 
Putnam. Moses, b. 19 Mar., 1767. Ann, b. Jan., 1769; m. Sol- 
" onion Giddings of Beverly. Elizabeth, b. Aug., 1771; m. James 

Gray of Salem. Jacob, b. 9 July, 1773 ; d. 1816. Martha, b. Sept., 
1775; m. Jeremiali Page of Danvers. Nathan, twin with Martha, 
d. y. Sarah, b. Sept., 1778; d. y., unm. Rebecca, b. 20 May, 1750; 
m. Daniel Hardy. William, b. 1782; d. unm., 1800. Timolliy, 
b. 27 July, 1785; d. s. p. ; m. Harriett Martin of Sterling. Joiiii, 
Endicott, tlie fatlier of the al)ove clnldren, was a great, great 
grandson of Doctor Zerubbabel Endicott wlio had the law suit 
with Nathaniel Putnam and Allen. Zerubbabel was son of Gov- 
ernor .Tolin Endicott. 
399 Taukant, b. 8, bapt. 26 Feb., 1743-4; d. 14 Apr., 1770. 

400 KuFUS, b. 31 Mar., bapt. 6 Apr., 1716; d. 21 Nov., 1749. 

401 Solomon, b. 13, bapt. 20 Nov., 1748; d. 12 Nov., 1749. 

402 KuFUS, b. 18 Oct., bapt. 11 Nov., 1750; d. 1 Sept., 1757. 

403 KuMi, b. 28 bapt. 31 Mar., 1751. 

404 IlANNAfi, b. 19 bapt., 25 Mar., 1753; d. 20 Aug., 1757, 

405 Mauy, b. 24 Oct., bapt. 16 Nov., 1755; d. 26 Aug., 1757. 

<' Another authority Nov. 5 or and another 19 May. 

«e Their Hon, VViUiani Putnam Kndicott (1). r> Mar., 1803; tn. Feb. 1820, Mary, dan. of 
Hon.. Jacob Crowninstiiuld), was fath(!i- of the Hon. William C. Endicott (b. lit Nov., 
182'!), liite Secretary of War under I're-ldent Cleveland. His dau., Mary C, m. 15 Nov., 
1888, Hon. Jobepli Chamberlain of liiriningham, En{;land. 



400 Mlim/kk. 1). I, b.-ipl. C. May, 17:.!); d ;!(> M;iy, IS.'iC. 

407 Hannah, h. 1, l)!i|>t. I'S 1<\'I)., ITC.l!; d. •_';! Aiij,'., ITDC; in. II Dec, 

17M:>, Miijor l'"lij.ili I'lliit,. 

Saivii I'.i- PuTNAiM WMs :i iiiMU of consiiUM-.'ihlo inlliu'iu'o in 
h.iincrs. Ill' was nnicli lu'spcctcd hy his (()\viis|)im)|)1(\ lliis 
I'acl IxMiiu" slidWM hy the iViMiiu'iicy with which he >v:is calUMl 
to oiyiipy th«> various town olliccs. At oiu* timi' ho lived in 
'l\i|)slii'lil, I)iit tho most ot his hl"c was s[)OMt in Danvors. 

His will is dated 1 Mar., 17S1 ; was proved 7 .Ian., \1S'2. 
Ill it he st\les hin\sell' " of Paiivers, ^'t'oinan ; " he nieiilioiis 
his wile Mli/aheth, son MIea/.er to be exeeutor; his daughter 
l'lli/,al)etii wile of I>aiiit'l Pulnain, his daui^htiM* llainiah, his 
Liranddaiiuiilers lydia, Maiy, and Sarah, daiii^hlei's of his 
son Sanuiel, dect^ased, also Sally, In'lsey, Sanuiel, Perley, 
I'hiidren of his son 'Parrant. 

IV. IGO Ilonry ( /•'leader, John, J<Jni), Ixuai in Salem 
Villau-e, II Auix., I 7 1 1' ; killed al Lexiiiglon, 1:> Apr., 177,"); 
married Hannah . 

( 'hildren : 

408 IIkmjv, I). 17.'>7 (by !V oiirletis error llio rocord dates Ids hirlh as 

1717'), bjipl. !>t. tin- rliiiirli in Sidcny VllhiiiO, 'J Ui-c., 17."':!. 

'ion i:i,KA/.Ki;, 1). r> Jniic. i>.ii>i. i;; Au;i.. i;;'.s. 
•1 U) Ka. i.iAii, 1). '.';>. biipl. -i!,liily. 1711. I'robably llie Klijali who was 

.ii'nubialcd from Harvard College, 17(;(;, 
411 Ktu;i',i;. b. le, bapt. IC ()ci., 171;!. 
■ir.' .loiiN, b. 11 Oci., bapl. i;l Oet., 17-I.'>; adminisl nUion on iiis estate 

ji'ranteil to Ids father, with Caleb Hrooks and I'lionijis Keed as 

bonilsn\en, '.» May, 17(1.'!. (.Veeordini;' to the I'erley riitnani MSS. 

tills ,1olii\ had removed to St. Joiiii.") 
A \;\ Kill iNCs. b. 1 1 May, 1, l'.». 
'll-l lUCN.iAMlN. b. '.'(! Ani;., bapl. in Salem X'illa^e. l."St>i>t., 17.">1 ; d. 

SavMhuah, (".a., IS()1. 

There is ei>iisider;d)K' dillirnlly in traeini;- the history of 
this tnmilv as the father hd'l HanviM-s ;ind his son IK>nry 
si'ems to ha\e remained |1hmi>, eansiiiL:,- some eonfiisi(>ii in 
roiiiird to U)eidilies : added to this are \arious eonlradii-lory 
statenuMtIs rt'ei>ived trom deseendants n(M>- se;itleied (hfoiioh- 
oiil the I'nited States and who are limited somewhat in their 

iikni:y (.ioiin) piitnam. 147 

knowlcdij;*' by llu' li'Mclilioii which v.-uioiisly sliilcs lh;i( Henry, 
senior, niul Henry, jmiioi-, wcro UilU'd al Lcxinii'lon. 

Tho whole lifo-hislory of hotli father and son wonhl nn- 
douhledly i)r()Vc interest ini;- as thoy seem to have had the 
same ht\(^ of adventure, the roekless hrnvcry and patriotism 
of Gen. Israel Putnam, with whom they were allied l>y mar- 
riage as well as blood. 

There is a romtmtic story eoneernini; thi^ conrtshii) of 
Henry Tut nam. Jt is related that on one of his journeys 
from Medfoi'd to (-oimecrtient, he stopped over ni^ht- at r>ol- 
ton, fell in love with his host's daughter, proposi'd in the 
morninu', was innnediately married and with his l)ride di-ov(^ 
baek her dowry consistin*^ of two cows and tw(dv(^ sluM'p. 

lie is said to have been at the ea[)tnre of Lonisbini;' ; IxMnu^ 
in command of a (5()m[)any tlun-c; his son lleni-y was also 
there from Danvers. 

In 17;!S, he united wMtli his brother, Sanmel Putnam of 
To})slleld and their mother lOli/abeth, in a deed of sah^d" land 
in I)an\('i-s to Penjamin and , Joseph Knight. In or about. 
tho year 1745, he sold his father's homestead to Phineas 
Putnam, but had not disposed of all his piopeity in Danvei's 
as he was on the tax list there in 17r)2, and on llu^ llh of 
March of that year was oiu^ of the three tellers at the 
town meetino- in Danvers to collect and count the votes for 
sehH^tman. vVt this meeting lus was chosen sui'veyoi- of 
luml)er. Prol)al)ly about this time Ik; removed to Charleslowu 
as tho name of Henry Putnam does not occur on tlu; Danvers 
tax list until 17r)7, when we may stipjxise it is the sou and 
not the father who is mentioned. 

Henry Putnam'*'' was taxed in ('harlestowu from 17,5(1- 
17(!r) (he had purchased of ,1. Hart well, foi-ty-live acres in 
17515), kept school without the neck. He was then styled 
" (Jentleman " and, according to Wyman, from Danvers. 

On!) May, I7();{, Henry Putnam, of (^harlestown, "(lentle- 

■"'Sincc wiithiK tlio iiliovo 1(11 douijt as to tho identity of ncnry of CliMrichtown Iuih 
vnnislied; ^ec will of Niitliiiniel lioardimin in Ebbcx I'robatc. 


man," was ap[)()iiited adiniiii.strator on estate of his son John 
late ofCharleslown. It appears from the above extracts that lie 
Avas more or less of a soldier, a scholar, and a man of some 
consequence, else he wonld not have had the title of gentle- 
man. Some time, soon after 17()3, he probably removed to 
Medford and was perhaps there when the Alarm of the IJIth 
of Aj)ril was sent out and may have joined his old friends 
anions; the Danvers minute men. It is worthy of notice that 
the Danvers militia marched IVom Danvers to West Cam- 
bridiie, a distance of over sixteen miles, in four hours. It was 
at West Cambridge that the greatest loss was met with by the 
Americans ; it was at that point that the Danvers com[)anies, 
hoping to intercept the retreating British, took possession of 
a small, walled enclosure and with shingles attempted to form 
a breastwork. There were nearly two hundred men from 
Danvers and Beverly. Henry Putnam, senior, of Medlord, 
Avas killed, his son llcniy badly wounded, Pcrlcy Putnam 
was killed and his brother Nathan wounded ; all but the Hrst 
being memliers of the Danvers company. Another son of 
Henry, Eleazer, who went out with his com[)any from Bed- 
ford, was near or among the Danvers men. 

There Henry Putnam gave up his life for his' coimtry at the 
age of sixty-three years ; he had volunteered his services as he 
was exempt from military duty. I have seen it stated that 
five of his sons were there. His son Henry remained in JNIed- 
ford wounded, probal)ly at the home- of his brother Eleazer; 
but was at the 1)attle of Bunker Hill. 

IV. 162 Caleb (Jo/ni, John, John), born in Salem Village, 

UFeb., 1(393-4; died 1757 ; married, Salem Village, 7 Dec., 

1720, Silence Phillips, daughter of Jacob^*^ and Sarah (Rea) 

^ Phillips, born 8 Dec, 1689. The Salem Records state that 

1.''-^ her name was Dunclvlee. He mari'ied. second. Elizalx'th . 



■■^^ i 

Ao'"' A. siMaool) Phillips died of finnll pox 10 Sept., 168(1, nged 2" (record of Rev. Sanil. 

\ ^tc\^ Pari'is). Jh'. Moses Piiiice thinks the stone, tVom wlin-h the inscription is chipped off, 

^ , \ bore date 24 Aus-, H>89. .It was erected in tiie Wadsworth Cemetery. Tlie widow 

^ N^^^N »"-. 2d, James Prince. 


Children, born in Salem Village, and baptized there: 

415 Moses, b. 18 Nov., bapt. 3 Dec, 1721 ; d. 5 Oct., 1735. 

41G Mkiiitaule, b. G, bapt. 10 Nov., 1723; m. Arclielaus Putnam. 

417 Calkb, b. 10, bapt. 13 Feb , 1725; d. 17 Apr., 1751. 

418 John, b. 25, bapt. 31 Dec, 1727; d. 25 (or 21) Aug., 1728. 

419 Mary, b. and bapt. 8 Nov., 1729; d. 12 Mar., 1734. 

420 John, b. 23, bapt. 28 Apr., 1733. 
421 rKTKU, b. 3, bapt. 6 July, 1735. 

422 Moses, b. 31 Aug., bapt. 4 Sept., 1737. 

423 Mauy, b. 16, bapt. 29 July, 1739. 

Caleb Putnam was a farmer in Danvers. Ilis name 
does not occur on the tax lists of that town, later than 1756. 
Both he and his wife Silence owned the covenant at the 
church at Salem Village, 1 Oct., 1721, admitted to full com- 
munion 5 Apr., 1728. No descendant in the male line now 
lives in Danvers. 

IV. 165 Moses {John, John, John), horw in Salem 
Village, 29 May, 1700; baptized 9 June, 1700. 
Children : 

424 Moses. 

425 Caleb. 
420 Petkk. 
427 John. 

Of Moses I have no record. His name is not on the tax 
list or town or church records of Danvers. 


V. 176 Samuol {Thomas, Thomas, Thomas, John), 
horn in SaK'iu \'iIl;i«.»-o, hijptizod llioro 5 eT;in., 172-^-4; died 
ill LuiuMiImru-. 2 ,I;ui., 1775, Miicd lilly-two ; luarried 4 April, 
1742, S;ir;ih Xiirso, Iivin<;" 1777.*''^ 

(^iHldrou,'"-' horn ;ind baptized in Snleni Village: 

r.'S Ki.i/.AHKTii, b. 24 Nov., 17U. 

•H.".) Thomas, b. 10 Nov., 1747; d. 2i; Doc, 1747. 

4;!0 S.vKAH, b. 10 Nov., 1748; d. -liily, 1787. 

4;U Anna, b. 8 May, 1753; d. 8 June, 17"):?. 

4;>2 MrrcuKM., b. 13 June, d. 25 Juno, 1754. 

433 Mauv, b. 4 July, 1755; d. 20 Sept., 178i). 

484 Samuki,, b. 4 May, 1757; d. 2C. May, 1758. 

435 SAMrKi.,\,^^.i„^^^^ .^^^ ,^,,^.^ ,--,., d. 12 Aug., 1758. 

43li Anna, 1 1 d. in New Hampshire. 

437 Ki.i.iAii, b. 1 Juno, 17(!1 ; d. 11 Aug., 1825; bapt. iu Lunenburg. 

438 Luov, b. 15 Nov., KCI ; d. 11 Aug., 1825. 

\:\[) Ci.Aiass.v, b. ;> Jan., 17(18; d. 11 May, 1794. 

S.VMi'KL Putnam, in 1752, \vas eleetcd one of (he tirst 
tythingnu-n eliosen by the iumv town of Danvers. On 4 
Sept., 1757, he was ehosen deaeon of the ohun-h, but soon 
afterward removed to Lnnenbiirii: and was eliosen deaeon of 
the ehiueh there, lie was seleetnian of Lunenburg, 17(»7-70. 

V. 184 Ebenezer ( N<V//, Thomas, Thomas, John), 
])ov\\ in r>iikMiea, 8 Aug., 171i) ; died in Charlestown, N. II., 
2 Feb., 1782; married Mary Parker, who married, seeond 
(published 27 Feb.), 171)1, Capt. Sylvanns, son of Dr. John 
and Hannah (White) Hastings, of Charlestown, born 22 Mar., 
17J1, died 12 Jan., 1807 ; she was his second wife. 

»> eiobably itaughtcr of Kbonozor ami Kli/.abotli (Slitohell) Nurse; if so, b. 14 Nov., 
"DkI ho also have a daiislitor Martha, b. 9 Sept., 17-1'2 ? 



Children, born in Chivrlestown, N. II. : 

440 SiCTU, b. 24 Aug. ; d. 20 Sept., 174(). 

441 Makv, 1). 4 Jan., 1747-8; d. 12 Aug., 1702. 

442 Knii. I). IBJjiu., 174!)-50; d. Canada, 182;?; iVi. Solomon Gront, b. 

27 June, 17.51; Cli.: Ehenc/.cv, b. 12 April, 1772; d. 4 July, 177."). 
Solomon, b. 20-21 Jan , 1774, m. Scbra Allen of Middlesex, Vt. 
Jesse, b. 15 May, 1775; d. 10 Sept., 1770. Charlotte, b. 2i) 
Nov., 1777; d. 7 or 12, 1829; m. William McClintock of 
Elmore, Vt. Ebeuezer, b. 'J April, 1779; d. 12 Mar., 1853; m. 
Abigail Clarke, of Uoekinjiluim, Vt. Ruth, b. 24 Nov., 1780; m., 
Ist, 1812, Josiuh Hart of Cliarlestovvn, N. H. ; 2d, Judali Center 
of Chatham, Canada. Polly, b. 1 Sept., 1782; m. Philip Wheeler 
of Morrisville, Vt. Levi, b. 7 or 14 July, 1784; d. 28 Oct., 1820, 
m. Polly Nichols. Don,''" b. fi or 12 Mar., 1780; d. 22 Jan., 1841, 
m. 4 April, 1811, Bcnlah Elmore, b. Sharon, Ct.,28Feb., 1787; d. 
22 April, 1804. Phila, b. 20 Aug., 1788; d. unm. 8 Oct., 

443 EnnNiczKU, b. 25 Jan., 1751-52. 

444 Seth, b. 9 Aug., 1754. 

445 Levi, b. 11 Feb., 1757. 

440 Rebecca, b. 15 May, 1759; d. Cliarlostown, 1819; ni. Julius Sils- 

bee. Ch. : Polly ; Uriah ; Lsaac, b. 23 Jan. 1787; Betsey 

; Samuel ; Theodosia -; Caroline -; Seth ; 


447 Pamema, b. 25 May, 1701; d. Cliarlcstown, 18.'U ; m. Moses, son of 

Ensign Moses and Elizabeth (lloldeu) Wheeler,!). 29 Aug., 1752. 

Cii. : George . Laura, b. 31 Oct., 1784. Horace, b. 12 May, 

1792. William, b. 15 Jan., 1790. Lucia, b. i:5 Sept., 1800, d. 
1814. Marcia, b. 7 Feb., 1803. 

448 Maiiy, b. 22 April, 1703; d 8 Oct., 1781. 
448« Lsaac, b. 6 May, 1765; d. 24 Jan., 1700. 
449 Isaac, b. 27 May, 1700. 

450 Tkuza, b. 4 Aug., 1708; m. Nathan Benton. Ch. :Fanny ; 

Laura ; Polly ; Hyram ; Permelia ; Charlotte 

; Clarissa ; Phila . 

451 Jacok, b. 18 Mar., 1771. 

452 Benjamin, b. 27 Dec, 1775. 

'■'Tho ell. of Dun ami Hciilati (Jrout woro : .Tosso C, b. 1(! Jan. 1812; rl. unm. 11 Feb., 
1843. I'hiln. b 18 July, 181.5; m. Kdvvin RichnioiKl. Kalpb, b. 4 Mnv., 1815; d. 10 Nov., 
18--'.'). Horace, b !) April, ISK!; ni. Moliinla UuIIdcIc. Silvia, b. Feb., 1S18; m. Goorjie 
Hill, who was b. Moiitpclicr, Vt., i:! May, ls(),-i; d. M'llway, Mass., 15 Jan., 1875; their 
ch. are the Hev. Calvin (ivout IIill, Don Gleason Hill, the Dedhani antiquary. Rev. 
George Edwin Hill, and William Francis Hill. Levi, b. 4 Mar., 18'2I ; d. 22 Sept., 1821. 

(Major) Luinan M., b. 9 Mar., 18-23; m. ,1st, L'hilura French ; m.,2il, , Sarah, b. 1 Jan.' 

18-25; m. Nathau Camp. Calvin, b. 4 Aug., 18-28; d. 2-2 Feb , 1842. 


Ebenezicr Putnam was early in Niunhor Four or what is 
now Charlivslowii, hoiiii; one of the irraiitees. He was there 
ill 1745, and in 1740 was on Col. flosiali WilJMi'd's roll of the 
company stationed at Fort Dunnner ; also in 1748 and several 
of the following years. He also served under Capt. Phineas 
Stevens. The early settlers of Number Four had to contend 
-with the French and Indians, who were constantly hovering 
ahout those front iei* posts on the Connecticut. 

Fort Dunnner was :i post established by JVIassaelnisetts to 
protect her frontier and when, in 1745, New IIami)shire, 
having previously obtained a grant of this country from the 
King, refused to garrison the posts on the Comiecticut, 
INlassachusetts sent troops to Fort Dunnner, under Capt. Wil- 
lard, and later a troop of Rangers under Capt. Stevens to 
Number Four. Shortly after Capt. Stevens' arrival, that phico 
re|)ulsed a fierce Indian attack. Many of the troojters under 
both of these captains were former settlers from Massachusetts, 
in that section of the country, among them the Putnams. 

Fbene/er Putnam helped to form the tirst church at Num- 
ber Four, and was one of the first ten male members. Ho 
Avas also their first deacon. He was selectman in 1755, '56, 
'Gl,'()5, and moderator 17(>5, 'GG, 'i>d. -; 

V. 189 Tlionias {Sefh, T/iO)itas, 77/o»ias,Jo/in) ,\Hnn m 
Billerica, 22 Oct., 1728 ; died in Charlc^town, N. H. 20 Aug., 
1814; married in Lunenburg, Mass., 24 Jan., 1754, Rachel, 
daughter of Capt. F|)hraim and Joanna (Bellows) AVetherbeo 
of Charlestown, born 3 April, 1733, died 12 June, 1812. 

Children, born in Lunenburg : 

452a HKPsnjKrii, b. 2 Feb., 1755. 
Vy'b Susannah, }^^^. ,, ^g ^ ^ ^-^g 
452c Skth. > 

4o2(i Thomas, b. 27 Feb., 1758. 

Children, born in Charlestown : 

453 ErnuAiM, b. 16 Oct., 1759; cl. 16 Oct., 1769. 


454 Rachel, b. 9 April, 17G1; pu])lisIiod 1 Nov., 1792, to James 

Tliurber of St. John.sbiiry. 

455 Joanna, b. 30 Dec, 17G3; m. Samuel, son of Joseph and Hnhlivh 

Willard, of Cliai-leslown. She was his second wife; tliey had 
twelve chiklren. 

456 AiujAii, b. 31 Jan., 1765. 

457 Ahkl, b. 29 June, 17C6. 

458 Emsiia, b. , 1708; m. 1791. 

459 IIei'sy, b. , 1767; d. unm. 

460 Ki'iiUAiM, b. 9 June, 1770, never married. 

461 Maktiia, b. Acworth ; m. Churlestown 24 Nov., 1802, John 

Hackett. Ch. : Betsy ; Harvey, b. 1810, a soldier in the Mexican 
and Civil wars; d. at New York, 17 June, 1864, from wounds 
received before Richmond, of 11th Vt. Battery M; m. 27 April, 
1854, Charlotte dau. of Nathan and Nancy (Grinnell) Putnam, 
q. V. b. 28 Mar., 1818. Ch. : Henry Clark, b. 11 Feb., 1855, at 
Cliarlestown, N. H. 

462 DouoTHY, b. Acworth. 

463 Asa, b. Acworth. 

464 AiJiGAiL, ; m. (pub. 6 Dec.) 1812, John Temple, son of Timo- 

thy and Hannah (Glidden) Holden, b. 17 Jan., 1793. Ch : John 
Temple, b. 9 Feb., 1818; see History Charlestown. 

TiiOMAS Putnam took part in the French and Indian wars 
as soon as he was able to bear arms, for in 1750 we find his 
name on the roll of Capt. Stevens' company at Number Four. 
Shortly after this we iind him settled in Lunenburg, but in 
1759 he is again at Charlestown.- He marched from Acworth 
to Bennington in August, 1777, in Capt. Al)el Walker's com- 
pany and may have taken part in the battle of Beimington, 
where, according to Stark, " had every man been an Alex- 
ander, or a Charles of Sweden, they could not have behaved 

In civil and religious alFairs Thomas Putnam was more 
prominent ; he was one of the first members of the church at 
Chailestown and afterward their deacon. After his return to 
Charlestown from Acworth, where he had gone in 1771 to 
live in the southern part of the town, he was standing 
moderator of the church meetings from 1793. During his 
residence in both towns he was constantly in office. In 
Acworth he was the first justice of the peace, likewise the 
first miller for he built the first srist mill erected there. 


Modorjilor of Acworth town meetings in 1775, 1771). Se- 
lect in;m 1772, '73, '75, '7(5, '78, the most imporlaiil years of 
the Kevohition. He w;is also deacon hi the Acworth church. 

V. 191 Timothy (aSV^A, Thomas, Thomas, John), 
born ill r>inerica, 25 Dec, 17o2 ; died in Charh\slo\vii, N. II. ; 
married Susanna Badaer, who ])erha})s married, second 
(published 11) Dec. ), 17i)0, Josiah Hart of CharK>sto\vu, N. II. 
His iirst wife was ]Mehi(abU\ Children by Susanna Avero 
thirteen in number. See Hist. Chtulestown, where ;i curious 
erroi' is ma(k^ 

Chihh-en : 

465 TiMOTiiv, 1). I Oct., irc.O. 

466 S.vMiiici,, 1). 11 June, 17('.-'. 

467 John, b. -1 .June, ITGl. 

•JCS ExruuiKNCK, b. 8 Feb., 17('.(); d. 'J7 May, 1814. 

•lO!) Sakaii, b. 14 June, 17G8; in. (pub. 5 Mar.), 17S',), Luther, son of 
Jo.seph and Lucy Spencer. 

470 Baimoy, I), n Mar., 1770 (a May, Hist, ("liarlcstown). 

471 David, h. 7 June, 1772. 

TrMOTiiv PurxAAi''^ was a member of Col. Indlows' Keiii- 
m(Mit which mari'hed in May, 1777, to reinlbrce Ticouihu-oo-a, 
and ai^aiu in ,Iuue of the same year, but fouiul the fort had 
been evacuated. 

V. 192 Holyoke (Edward, Edward, Thomas, John), 
born 27 Sept., 17()(>;'''' baptized in Salem \'illa<re, 29 Sept., 
170(5; married, Iirst, in INIiddleton, Sept., 1731, Eunice, 
dan<:hterof,lolm und Hannah (Howard) Ilutchiuson of Salem, 
l)orn 1) April, 1712; married, second, 4 JNIay, 1742, Esther, 
daughter of Thomas and INIartha ( Herriciv) Lovell of Ipswich 
mid Sutton, bi)rn 27 ]Mar., 1717. 

Children : 

472 l':uNicic, b. Middleton, 4 Sept., 1732. 

w A cortaiu Knsijjf" Tiinotliy Putnani ropoitoil tlic details o{' his fcout ahotu Lake 
Cliaini)1ain to Capl. Kog'ori* in 17")r). 

'•'■ On pajrc Til i\w error isniaiU' ol' .siring llio ilatosoC l)aiitism instoail oftlatos ol'birth 
oftho ilrstUvo fliiUlrcu of Edward 50. 


473 SAHAir, 1). ( S'uUfm ? ) C Oct., 17:35; m. 8 Nov., 1757, Eleazcr 
474 Ebe.nezkk, b. 7 Sept., ]7.'i8. 
i7!i IlANNAri, b. 2(; April, 1741. 

By E.sther ; 

470 Mahtiia, b. 27 April, 1713. 

477 EuNicK, b. 10 Feb., 174/3. 

478 Su.SANNA, b. IG Ant,'., .1747. 
47!) JoHKiMi, b. 19 April, 1749. 

480 EzuA, b. 2 Nov., 1751. 

481 Thomas, b. 1 .July, 1754. 

482 Maky, b. 5 April, 1758. 

IIoLYOKE Putnam wms clismissod from the cliiircli at Mid- 
dlctoii, whcro ho hnd f()i-in<;ily lived, to tin; cliiircli in Sutton 
in Mill'., 1744. This is prr^buhly uhout tlio time; of his scttlc;- 
ment in Sutton. He ehose to settle in that pai-t of tlie town 
now ftMniino; a part of Millbury having been set oiF from 
Sutton in 1813. 

V. 194 Edward ( Edward, Edward, T/ioman, John), 
born 25 June, 1711; baptized in Salem Village, 30 June, 
171 1 ; died in Sutton, 17 Feb., 1800; married, first, 3 Dec., 
1734, Ruth Fuller of Middleton, daughter of John and I'hebe 
(Symonds) Fuller. 

Children : 

483 JoH.v, b. Miflrllfton, 25 Aug., 1735. 

484 ANi>itKW, bapt. Middloton, 17.38. 

485 SiKi'MKN, b. 20 Apr., 1739; killed in French and Indian war. 

48G IluTii, b. 6 .June, 1741 ; d. 28 Dec, 1811 ; m. 18 Mar., 1701, Samuel, 
son of Samuel and Elizabeth Rich, b. 30 .July, 1735. Ch. : Stephen, 
b. 3, Jan., 1702. Elijah, b. 4 Apr., 1704. Ilnth, b. 31 .July, 1700. 
Samuel, b. 20 Feb., 1709. Elizabeth, b. 23 .Jan., 1772. 
487 AiJCiiKt.AUS, b. 10 Feb., 1743; d. 14 .Jan., 1809. 

488 FiKKUK, b. 2 Nov., 1745 ; m. 25 Sept., 1 700, Nathaniel won of Ellsha 

and Mury (DaviH) Ilich, b. 20 Mar., 1742. 

489 Sakaii, b. 12 Mar., 1747 ; m. 2 Dec, 1700, Paul, .son of .Jonnthan and 

Hannah (IJuriiaf)) Sibley, b. 20 Apr., 1748. They removed to 
Spencer. Ch. : James, b. 10 Mar., 1707. Paul, b. 14 Aug., 1709. 
Caleb, b. 16 Aug., 1771. Sarah, b. 13 .Jan., 1774. .Jonathan, b. 17 
Apr., 1770. Molly, b. 17 Sept., 1778. Betty, b. I.. Jan., 1781. Iluth, 
b. 19 Feb., 1783. Rufus, b. 2 Mar., 1785. Simeon, b. 12 Apr., 1787. 


4!)0 Mou.Y, 1)!ipt. 22 Apr., 1750; in. Bartliolomew riitnam (No. 347). 

491 David, 1). 19 July, 1752. 

492, 1). 27 Oct., 1764. 

493 Pkiku, b. 29 May, 1757. 

494 Lucy, b. 2 June, 17G0; d. Sutton, 1841; m. 19 Auij., 1777, Henry, 
son of Henry Plielps of Sutton. Cli. : James, Simeon, Stephen,^® 
b. Sutton, 1792; d. llocliester, N. Y., 1827. 
495 Asa, b. 30 Apr., 1703. 

Edward Putnam and his wife were dismissed from the 
church in Middleton to the church in Sutton in 1744. It is 
presumed that either in 1742 or 1743, he had established his 
home there ; there arc evidences of his having been in Sutton 
as early as 1737, although he was taxed in Middleton as late 
as 1739. 

The original farm where Edward first settled is now owned 
by a descendant, Mrs. Harriet Augusta Putnam, wife of 
Peter Holland Putnam, a great granddaughter of Edward's 
youngest son, Asa, having inherited the farm from her father 
Bradford Putnam. On page 225 of the History of Sutton, 
there is a wood-cut of the house now standing on the place. 

V. 197 Eunice {Edward, Edward, Thomas, John), 
born in Middleton, 13 Sept., 1719; married 19 Sept., 1743, 
Thomas, son of Thomas and Martha (Ilerrick) Lovell. They 
removed to Sutton about 1742. 

'■'« Stei>hen Phelps was a niorcliantin Maine, and ni. at Paris, Mc.,1808, Elizabeth, dau. 
of William and Catherine (Nixon) Stowell. who was b. there, 5 Oct., 1785; d. there, 
Nov. 1830. Catherine Nixon was the ilau. of Col. Thomas Nixon of the (ith Mass. Keg. 
during tlie Uevolution. Tlie son of Stephen and Klizb. Phelps is Hear Admiral 
Tlionias Stowell I'helps, U. S. N.. who was b. Puckbfleld, Me., '2 Nov., 1822, m. '.'.j.Jan., 
1848, Margaret U. Sevy. Their eh. are Lt. Thomas Stowell I'helps, U. S. N., b. Ports- 
mouth, Va., 7 Nov., 1848; Edmonia Taylor, b. Portsmouth, Va., 1 Feb., 1858; m. 30 
Sept., 1875, Lieut. T. B. M.Mason, U.S.N.; Margaret Jane, b. Portsmouth, Va., 25 Jan., 
1804, m. G May, 1873, Lieut. James Dexter Adams, U. S. N. 

Admiral Phelps graduated at Anuapolis, U July, ISKi, and perfoimcd service in the 
Mexican War. He also took part in the Paraguayan Expedition in 1S5S-5!). When 
the Civil War broke out Lieut. Phelps was selected by ballot to perform a survey of 
the Potomac Uiver in 1801, an appointment not only exceedingly dangerous, but re- 
quiring great skill and care in engineering. This duty was acconiplislied success- 
fully and he received the comi)liments of tlie Secretary of the Navy. Constantly being 
detached for special service, he performed many gallant deeds and at llie close of 
the war was commissioned Commander, 5 Aug., 1805. Sinre that date Admiral 
Phelps has had charge of Mare Island Navy Yard and other service on the Pacific 
coast. He now resides iu Washington. 


Son of Hiram Putnam (No. 1244V 


Cliiklren, born in Sutton : 

49G Sakaii, b. 22 Aug , 1744; m. 15 Mar., 1775, Josiah, son of AYilliam 
and Ruth (Lovoll) Waitc, of Sutton, b. 7 May, 1740. Iliilh (Lovell) 
Waite was aunt of Josiah Waite. 

497 John, b. 8 Aug., 1746. 

498 EziJA, b. 29 Mar., 1749; m. Mary, dau. of Elias and Hannah 

(Twist) Jennison of Sutton, b. there, 18 Nov., 1754. Ch. : Elias, b. 
12 Jan., 1778. Polly, b. 17 Feb., 1779. Lydia, b. 5 June, 1782. 
, Ezra, b. 8 July, 1787. 

499 EuxiCE, b. 2 Oct., 1751. 

V. 198 Abigail {Edward, Edward, Thomas, John), 
born in Middleton, 11 Sept., 1720; married there 25 April, 
1744, Israel, son of Thomas and Phebe (Gould) Curtis, 
born in Middleton, 14 June, 1719. Will of Israel Curtis 
proved 2 April, 1776. Lived in Middleton. 

Children, born in Middleton : 

500 Hum, b. 17 Feb., 1744-5; d. 27 Jan., 1810; m. 13 Dec, 1769, 

Andrew Peabody, son of Zerul)babel and Jerusha (White) Peabody 
of Middleton, b. there, 21 July, 1745; d. 14 Oct., 1813. Ch. : 
Lucy Peabody, b. 28 Sept., 1770, m. 25 June, 1795, Abraham Gaj;e 
of Middleton, and d., 1801; Andrew Pealrody, b. 29 Feb., 1772." 
Hannah, b. 22 Auj;;., 1773; ni. 2 June, 1808, Benjamin Averill of 
Middleton whose son, Edward Putnam Averill is living there. 

501 Em, b. 27 Oct., 1745; m. 12 April, 1772, Susanna, dau. of Icliabod 

and Mary (Clark) Wilkins of Middleton. Lived in Lyndeborough, 
N. H. 

502 Andrkw, b. 27 Feb., 1749. Killed by lightning in Andover, when 

a young man. 

503 Dudley, b. 12 Feb., 1751 : m. 16 July, 1777, Sarah Marble. Removed 

from Middleton. 

504 ISR.AEL, b. 20 Oct., 1754; m. 2 Sept., 1779, Elizabeth Wilkins, sister 

of Mrs. Eli Curtis. Lived in Middleton. 

505 Levi, b. 12 Nov., 1756; prob. d. y. 

506 Sahaii, b. 25 Feb., 1759. 

607 Betty, b. 22 June, 1764; ra. 2 July, 1786, Daniel Barnard. Lived 
in Bridgton, Me. 

V. 200 Miles {Edward, Edward, Thomas, John), 
born in Middleton, 1725 ; ba[)tized at the chureh in Salem 
Village, 5 Sept., 1725 ; died in Grafton, Vt., 19 April, 1800 ; 

"Anilrew Pcaborty b.29 Feb., 1772; d. Dec, 181.3; m. 30 May, 1808, Mary dau.ot Rob- 
ert and Mary (Preston) Rantoul of Beverly, b. 22 .July, 1783. Ch.: Andrew Prestoa 
Peabody, D, D., of Cambridge, and Mary, who m. John P. Lyman of Portsmouth, N. H. 


iiiarricd in Middletoii 23 Sept., 1747, Rachel Wilkins of 

Children, born in Middleton : 

fiOS Ruth, b. 16 Jan., 1747. 

509 Aaron, b. 5 May, 1751 ; d. 22 Mar., 1813. 

r>lO Susanna, b. 22 June, 1753. 

511 Edwakd, b. 20 Aug.. 1755; d. Grafton, Vt., 2 Dec, 1843. 

512 Rachel, b. 6 Sept., 1757; living in Rindge, N. II., in 1848. 

Born, !iw;iy from Middleton : 

513 Daniel, b. ; d. Grafton, Vt., 30 Sept., 1802. 

514 John, b. 10 Dec, 17()8; d. (Harvard, 12 Aug., 1807, family 

records), Grafton, Vt., 27 Sept., 1810. 
515 Maky, b. 9 Jan., 17(10. 
51G Sally, b. 20 Apr., 17G5. 
517 Milks, b. G July, 1774; d. riainfiekl, N. J., 25 Dec, 1827. 

Miles Putnam lived in jMiddlcton nntil 1757, when he 
moved with his family to Harvard ; from there he went to 
Winchendon where he was in 1772, for on 23 Ang., 1772, 
the church at Middleton dismissed him, and his wife Rachel, 
to the church at Winchendon. 

Fnmi Winchendon, they removed to Tomlinson and, liiially, 
about 17S;;, to Graft(m, Vt. 

V. 201 Hannah {Edward, Edward, Thomas, JoJin), 
born in Middleton, 23 April, 1727; married 8 M:iy, 174(), 
Amoii (pr()bal)ly), son of Joseph and Susanna (Dowman) 
Fuller of Middleton, if so, born 5 April, 1720. Removed to 
Wilton, N. IL, before the incorporation of that town. 

Children, born in Middleton : 

518 Susanna, b. 11 Mar., 1747. 

619 Sauah, b. 15 Nov., 1749. In 1775 said to be "daughter of Amos 

rnller of Wilton, N. II." She m. 26 Mar., 177G, Dea. Johu 

Nichols of Middleton. 

520 Enoch, b. 13 Fel)., 1754. 

521 Eunice, b. 24 Feb., 1756. 

522 JosKPH, b. 21 July, 17G0. 

523 Amos-^**. 

524 Aauon.^^. 

r-* In the Ilistorj' of Wilton, N. H., Amos Fuller is said to have hail three sons, Amos, 
Enoch and Aaron. 


V. 202 Ilisha {Elisha, Edward, Thomas, John), 
bom in Topsfield,^^ 2 Dec, 1715; died, in 1758, at, or 
near, Crown Point; married 3 Mar., 1742, Lydia, daugliter 
of Piiilipand Mar\' (Follansbee) Chase, born 12 Aug., 1722. 
Siie married, second, 26 May, 1762, John Daniels. ♦ 

Children, born in Grafton, Mass. : 

525 Andrew, b. 2 May, 1742; m. 10 Jan., 1764, Lucy Park. 

526 Elisiia, b. 4 Dec, 1745; d. 25 Mny, 1784. 

527 Antipas, b. 24 July, 1747; d. at Huvana in 17G4. 

528 JoKTOX, b. 1 May, 1750. 

529 LuKK, b. 5 Oct., 1755; served as private in Revolution. 

530 William, b. 7 Jau , 1758. 

Elisha Putnam lived in Sutton, or in that part of the town 
now called Oxford. During the French and Indian War he 
served in the Provincial army and during the campaign of 
1758 against Ticonderoga, he lost his life. Great numbers of 
the Provincial troops were killed or lost during this campaign, 
as the commander of the expedition. Gen. Abercrombie, was 
not only a coward in battle but an incompetent leader. The 
assault on Ticonderoga was continued all day by the Provin- 
cials and Regulars and over 1,900 were slain. 

V. 204 Nehemiah {Elisha, Edward, Thomas, John), 
l)orn in Salem Village, 22 Mar., 1719 ; died Sutton, 27 Nov., 
1791; married in Sutton, 5 Oct., 1742, Sarah Mannmg. 
They lived in Sutton. 

Children : 

531 Aakon, b. 23 Mar., 1744. 

532 Sakah, b. 10 Mar , 1746. 

533 Hannah, b. 26 July, 1748; m. 25 Nov., 1773, Jonathan Willard. 
.534 Rachel, b. 17 Apr., 1750. 

535 Susanna, b. V,) Jan., 1752; m. 2G Mnr., 1771, John Fuller. 

536 EuNiCK, b. 4 Dec, 1753; m. 4 Apr., 1773, Benjamin Sliumway. 

537 Reubkn, b. 9 Apr., 1757. " Deacon" 

538 Joseph, b. 20 Sept., 1760. 

539 Bkxjamin, twin with Joseph. "Reverend" 

V. 205 Jonathan {Elisha, Edioard, Thomas, John), 

59 That part now Miililleton. 


born ill Salem Vill.'ioe, li) July, 1721; died in Siilton ; 

inanied 3 Nov., 1743, ]\Irs. Aiine ( Chase ) Stockwell, 

dauiilitcr of Philii) and Mary (Follansbee) Chase, and widow 

of Nathaniel Stoekwell, 1)orn 28 Sept., 1719. By her first 

husband she had a son Nathaniel, born 1 AiJiil, 1741. 

Nathaniel Stockwell, senior, died 2 A])ril, 1741. 
Children : 

540 Adonijaii, b. (5 or 9 Oct., 1744; m. 27 Nov., 17(;0, Mary Wilkins. 

541 Maky, b. 25 Dec, 1755; in. Luke Putnam (No. 52t»). 

542 FitANCis, b. 24 Sept., 1758. " Captain." 

543 John. 

544 Jonathan Follansbke, b. i) May, 17()o; d. 30 Oct., 1858. 

Jonathan Putnam was earried to Sutton by his father, 
and lived there always. He built a grist mill whieh the Sut- 
ton Cranberry Com[)any now own. This })roperty with the 
water privilege descended through his son, Captain Francis, 
to the hitter's son Silas who sold it. 

V. 208 Stephen (EUs/ia, Edward, Thomas, John), 
born in Sutton, 4 April, 1728 ; died, according to Gen. Rufus 
Putnam's account, at Noithampton, 5 Mar., 1803; another 
account states the death as occurring in May, ^1802. lie mar- 
ried 14 Mar., 1755, Mary, daughter of John and Abigail 
(Chase) Gibbs of Sutton, born 10 Mar., 1737. 

Children, nearly all born in Sutton: 

545 Solomon, b. 17 July, 1755. 
54G Mahy Jank, b. 10 June, 1757. 

547 IJuoDA, b. 3 July, 1759; ni. John Evans and had several ch. This 
family removed to western New York. 

548 John, b. Winchester, N. 11., 10 May, 17G1, of Chestertield, Vt. 

549 GiDKON, b. 17 Apr., 1763. 

550 Elisiia, b. 13 May, 1705. 

551 Lkwis, b. . In 1854 was ofLansingburfr and without children. 

552 Chaui.otte, b. 11 Jan., 1767; ni. James Ross and had several 

children. This family removed to the western part of New York. 

553 Daviu, b. 21 Mar., 1771; d. 9 Aug., 1832. 

554 lluKUS, b. 22 Mar., 1773. 

555 Abigail, b. 10 Feb., 1776; m. Mr. Rob'-n-tsou. Lived in western 

New York. 

556 La VINA, b. 5 May, 1780. 



STia'iniN Putnam roniovod iVoin Sutton to riiimpslilro 
county, but (in:illy scttlod in \Vin('lieslcr, N. II. 

V. 209 Amos {EUsha, Edward, Ihoman, John), 
horn in Sultou 2:1 '^n'y, 1730; died there, 17 Sept., hSU ; 
niiirried 2(5 ,Iuuo, 17()0, Saruli, daughter of S:unu(!l and 
Kli[)hal (Tillc'y) Swift, of Boston. 

Chihh'cn, horn in Sulion : 

557 EiJi'iiAL, b. 8 .Inly, 17r.2; d. 25 Sept., 1845, m., lat, Ehcnezer 

Lamed of Oxford; in., 2iid, Tlioiiias Uice, jr., of Worcester. 

558 LuuuicriA, 1). () Sept. 17(U ; d. .I;ui., 1852; m. Joliii Nichols, ;?(!, of 


559 RiCBKCCA, b. 18 Feb., 1767; d. 29 Dec, 1851; m. Andrew Adams. 
500 Paul, b. 4 Mar., 17(59; d. 1779. 

5(il Susanna, 1). ; d. y. 

5(i2 Elizauktu, b. 22 Oct., 1772; ni. Ehenezer Newton. 

5()3 Polly, b. 1775; d. 1851, m. Henjaniin Edwards. 

5G4 Sakaii T., )). 1779 ; in. Ebenezer Uiyaiit. IJoth died about 1 Nov., 

5(;5 Maktiia, b. 25 Oct., 1781; d. 15 Oct., 1852; ni. Silas Liverniore. 

V. 212 General Rufus ( EUsha, Edioard, Thomas, 
John), horn in Sutton, 9 April, 17,'58 ; died in Marietta, Ohio, 
4 May, 1824; married Ai)ril, 17(51, EHzaI)eth, daugliter of 
William Ayers, Es(juiro, of Brooktield, who died 17G2 ; mar- 
ried, second, 10 Jan., 1765, Per.sis, daughter of Zehulon 
Rice of Westhorough, horn 19 Nov., 1737 ; died at Marietta, 
Ohio, 6 Sept., 1820. 

Children, by first marriage : 

5()G Aykks, b. and d. in 1702. 

By second marriage : 

507 Elizaijktii, b. 19 Nov., 1765; d. unm., 8 Nov., 1830. 

568 Pkusis, b. G June, 1707; d. Sept., 1822. 

569 Susanna, b. 5 Aug., 1708. 

570 AniOAU,, 1). 7 Aug., 1770. 

571 Wu.LiAM UuKus, b. 12 Dec, 1771. 

572 Fkanicx>in, b. 27 May, 1774; d. April, 1776. 

573 Edwin, b. 19 Jan., 177G. 

574 PATTYyb. 25 Nov., 1777. 

575 Catiiakink, b. 17 Oct., 1780; d. Mar., 1808. 



RuFUS Putnam was left fatherless at the age of seven. At 
no time during his youth would one have predicted that of 
the two great soldiers which the Putnam family has given to 
this country, he was to he one ; yet such has proven to be 
the fact, and by some he is considered to far excel his cousin 
and fellow patriot in military qualities, even as he excelled in 
education. Yet he obtained this education only by the most 
persistent perseverance, for, with the exception of two years 
spent in Danvers immediately following his father's death, 
during which time he was an inmate in the family of his grand- 
father, Jonathan Fuller, he had no schooling. Upon his 
mother's marriage to John Sadler he returned to Sutton where 
Sadler kept an inn. Sadler was not inclined to encourage 
the fondness of his stepson for "book learning," so young 
Putnam was obliged to do his studying at odd moments, and 
at njohtby candle lio-ht ; moreover, such text books as he had 
were obtained by his own efforts, he, occasionally earning a 
few pennies, by attention to the guests at the inn. With what 
he earned in this wise, he bought ammunition and by means 
of an old gun shot small game, which abounded in the 
neio-hl)orho()d, from the sales of which he obtained the 
money necessary for elementary text-books." At the age of 
fourteen he chose his brother-in-law, Jonathan Dudley, of 
Sutton, guardian, and two years later we find him apprenticed 
to Daniel Matthews of Brookfield to learn the trade of mill- 
wright. This trade required some knowledge of geometry, 
and although Matthews did not send the l)()y to school, yet he 
did not discourage him in his studies as his stepfather had done. 
"During this time his physical frame grcAv fully as rapidly 
as his mind, so that when he was 18 years old he possessed 
the brawny limbs, the muscular power, and the full stature 
of a man six feet high." Early in his nineteenth year he en- 
listed as a private soldier in the company of Capt. Ebenezer 
Learned. The detachment left Brookfield on the 30th of 
April, 1757, reaching Fort Edward on the 15th of June. De- 
termined to see service, he joined a company of rangers as a 
volunteer, and, on the 8th of July, marched under Lt. Collins, 


on a scout around the lower end of Lake Chaniplain. Being 
detailed with two comrades to reconnoitre South Bay, Put- 
nam, being some time absent, the detachment supposing 
them captured returned to camp, leaving the three scouts to 
their fate. After forty-eight hours, without food, they reached 
camp. This was his first taste of the work which lay before 
him. Shortly afterward he did scout duty under the command 
of Israel Putnam, then a captain in provincial service. 

The exDiration of his term of enlistment drawins: near, and 
it becoming evident that the provincial troops were to be kept 
beyond the agreed time of their discharge, the company to the 
number of seventy, under the leadership of their captain, hav- 
ing made snowshoes, silently left the camp and started through 
the forest for home. They carried with them provisions for 
fourteen days, but the hardships of the road, the difficulty of 
proceeding in a proper course, and so many froze their feet and 
hands, that from the lack of transportation facilities much of 
their provision was abandoned. Their suffering, indeed, was 
terrible ; death frouj starvation or freezing stared them in the 
face, but on the 15th of February, he arrived at his home 
and in the following April reenlisted under Captsiin Whitcomb 
for another campaign in the provincial service. In his journal 
he records that from Northampton to Greenbush, at which 
place he arrived June 8th, there was, with the exception of a 
small fort on the Housatonic Kiver, but one house. On ac- 
count of his mechanical ability he was engaged with the- 
"regiment of carpenters" in such work as they could do. 
Rufus Putnam kept a journal during this and his subsequent 
terms of service, from which we learn of the feelinff existiua: 
in the camp at the cowardly manner in which General Webb 
left the garrison at Fort William Henry to their fate. At 
the end of the campaign of 1759 he was offered a lieutenant's- 
commission in the army l)ut declined. Upon the close of 
the campaign and war, having seen nearly four years service, 
he resumed the business of building mills and cultivating his 
farm, at every opportunity however, adding to his knowledge 
of surveying. 


It was in 1761 that he married Miss Elizabeth Ayers, but 
inside of a year was left alone with an infant son who, how- 
ever, soon followed his mother. In his journal he touchingly 
alludes to his forlorn condition after this double bereavement, 
but in 1765 again married, this time Miss Persis Rice, and set- 
tled in North Brooktield. 

Always an active man, and much interested in the schemes 
of the times, it was but natural that the [)roject of the colonial 
officers to secure a grant of land from the Crown and to settle 
thereon should have had his support. They styled themselves 
the Military Adventurers, and engaged General Lyman to 
prosecute their claims ; Lyman obtained a promise of lands 
in West Florida. The company appointed a committee, of 
which Col. Israel Putnam and Rufus Putnam were members, 
to prospect the proposed location. Having chartered a sloop 
they sailed from New York, 10 Jan., 1773, and arrived at 
Pensacola, 1 March, and although Governor Chester had re- 
ceived no instructions from the home government they pushed 
on and explored the iNIississippi as far as the mouth of the Ya- 
zoo, thence some thirty miles up that river. Upon their re- 
turn to Pensacola, although the Governor as yet had received 
no instructions he took it upon himself to promise them, upon 
very satisfactory terms, the location they had chosen and 
where they had laid out nineteen townships. Encouraged by 
the committee's report, quite a number of New Englanders 
seized the opportunity to emigrate to new lands ; but, unfortu- 
nately, Governor Chester had in the meantime received positive 
orders not to grant or sell any more lands for the present. Thus 
the colonists, thrown npontheii own resources inan unhealthy 
country, and being allowed to take only what unoccupied 
land they could find, soon became discouraged, and as many 
died the colony was abandoned. Rufus Putnam found await- 
ins: him on his return more stirring matters than new schemes 
for colonization, for the relations between the colonies and 
the home government were daily becoming more strained. 

As soon as .the news of bloodshed on April 10th, 1775, 
reached Worcester Count}^ Rufus Putnam was up and ready 

Rurus (thomas) putnam. 165 

to do liis part with his neighbors and friends. As lieuten- 
ant-cok)nel of a regiment commanded by David Brewer, he 
marched toRoxbury, and after the battle of Jnne 17th, he was 
calk'd npon to direct the raising of fortitications. He imme- 
diately constrncted a line of fortifications on Iloxhury Neck 
and Sewall's Point, which attracted Washington's favorable 
notice on his arrival. In December, he accompanied General 
Lee to Providence and Newport and laid out works there, 
particularly a battery to defend the harbor. 

Upon returning to Boston, he found the Americanarmy still 
shutting the British up in Boston, and Washington trying 
to devise some method to force the issue favorably. During 
a call on General Heath, Putnam's eye fell on a work of"Mul- 
ler's Field Engineer," which after some entreaty he obtained. 
From this work he procured the idea for effecting a lodg- 
ment on Dorchester Heights, and which he accomplished on 
the night of the 4th of March, thus forcing the evacuation of 
Boston. These signal successes of Putnam proved to Wash- 
ino;ton what a valuable enii-ineer he had with liim and when 
subsequent occasion ofiered he showed his appreciation of Put- 
nam's ability in this capacity. 

During 1776, he was charged with the supervision of the 
woiks in and about New York. On the 11th Aug., 1776, 
he w^as informed by Washington of his appointment by Con- 
gress as engineer with the rank of colonel. He rendered 
signal service on the retreat from, and after the battle of 
Long Island. On Dec. 17, 1776, he accepted the com- 
mand of a regiment in the Massachusetts line. Ui)on being 
notified of this, Washington wrote to Congress as follows : 
"I have also to mention that for want of some establishment 
in the de[)artment of engineers agreeable to the plan laid be- 
fore Congress in October last. Colonel Putnam, who was at 
the head of it, has quitted and takes a regiment in the state 
of Massachusetts. I know of uo other man even t()leral)ly well 
qualified for the conducting of that business. None of the 
French gentlemen whom I have seen with a[)pointments in that 
way appear to know anything of the matter. Theieis one in 


Pliihidelphia who, I am told, is clever ; but him I have not 

Putnam's regiment was engaged in the campaign which 
culminated at Saratoga with the surrender of Burgoyne, and 
behaved themselves very creditably throughout. They went 
into winter quarters at Albany. In the following March he 
was called upon to fortify West Point, and was obliged to 
tear down much of what the French engineer in charge had 
accomplished. The Fort at West Point, built by his own 
resiment, is named for him. Gen. Israel Putnam was in com- 
mand there at this time. During the early part of 1780, he 
was in Boston on leave of absence, and availed himself of this 
opportunity to obtain relief for the Massachusetts troops, then 
sufiering greatly from lack of money and supplies. It was 
through his prompt action and forethought that a nnitiny 
amongst the Massachusetts troops was prevented. During 
the autunm of 1782, he decided to withdraw from the army,^ 
andonthe Nth of December he Nvrote Washington, expressing 
his final determination to retire from active service and re- 
turn to the care of his private aftairs. During the absence 
of Colonel Putnam from home, ]Mrs. Putnam, wnth a family 
of small children was endeavoring to make an unproductive 
farm of tifty acres yield a sulficient income, helped out by the 
meagre allowance which her husband's pay permitted him to 
spare for her use. The distati' and needle helped to fill the 
breach ; rigid economy and industry did tlie rest. The women 
of the revolution did their share in the struggle, and none were 
more noble hearted and self denying than was Mrs. Putnam. 
In 1780, Putnam bought on easy terms the confiscated property 
of Colonel Murray, a tory. This property was situated in Rut- 
land and consisted of a large farm and spacious mansion. Al- 
though the war was over and Colonel Putnam had intended to 
devote himself to his own aflairs, yet he was not permitted to 
retire completely to private life, for soon he was called upon 
to survey the eastern lands of the state of Massachusetts, and 
at once proceeded to the Passamaquoddy. In the year 1786, 

1 Congress voted him a Brigadier General's commission 7 Jan., 17S3. 


he was iippointed commissioner to treat with the Penobscot 
Indians, together with General Lincoln and Judge Rice of 
Wiscasset. In January of the following year, he joined 
General Lincoln as a volunteer aid against the insurgents 
under Shays, and remained with him until their dispersion at 
Petersham. This year he was also appointed a justice of the 
peace and was elected to the legislature representing Rutland. 
During the year 1783-4, Putnam had urged upon Washing- 
ton plans for the settlement of the western country, and as 
agent for the retired officers of the continental army had en- 
deavored to bring this about ; but, circumstances not being 
wholly ripe for the successful culmination of these plans, it 
was reserved for Dr. Manasseh Cutler, the i^rominent pa- 
triot and botanist of Essex County, Massachusetts, to obtain, 
three years later, the concessions asked for. Dr. Cutler not 
only- obtained the grant of 1 ,500,000 acres of land to the Ohio 
Company upon easy terms, but was also instrumental in pro- 
curing the passage of the ordinance of 1787, which prohibited 
slavery north of the Ohio River. The one it is said was de- 
pendent on the other. Cutler and Putnam, working together, 
were the chief spirits in the enterprise. Therefore when on 
the 23d Nov., 1787, the directors of the Ohio Company ap- 
pointed Putnam, superintendent of all the business relating to 
the commencement of their lands in the territory northwest 
of the Ohio River, he gladly undertook the difficult position. 
"The people to go forward in companies employed under my 
direction, were to consist of four surveyors, one blacksmith, 
and nine common hands, with two wagons, etc., etc. Major 
Hatfield White conducted the first party, which started 
from Danvers the first of December. The other party was 
appointed to rendezvous at Hartford, where I met them the 
first day of January, 1788." The two parties joined 14ih Feb., 
1788, at the Youghiogheny River, thence they proceeded 
by boat to the mouth of the Muskingum where they arrived on 
April 7, 1788, and commenced the settlement of Marietta.^*' 

6°Tlie first of the party to jump ashore is said to have been AUea Putnam of Dauvers. 


Tlie four surveyors who accompanied Putnam were Colonel 
Sproat, Colonel Meiir.ufs, Major Tupper, and Mr. John Math- 
ers. The family of Rufns Putnam arrived at the settle- 
ment in 1790. Tlie early years of the settlement were years 
of watch and ward against the Indians, and many suffered at 
their hands. If it had not been for the careful management 
of the affairs of the company by Putnam and his associates, 
disaster must surely have come. Financial trouble threat- 
ened the company in their early years, but Congress was 
disposed to treat the adventurers with generosity, appreciat- 
ing the great difficulties of their position. General Putnam, 
himself, lost quite heavily in advances to the settlers. The 
expense of the Indian wars to the Ohio Company was $11,350, a 
very heavy burden for them to bear. On May 5, 1792, Put- 
nam received the news of his appointment as brigadier-gener- 
al in the army of the United States and immediately proceeded 
to carry out the orders of the Secretary of War, which were to 
prociu'e the signing of a treaty with the Wabash Indians and 
in which he was successful. It is impossible in the limited 
space at hand to give but an inadequate idea of the services 
of General Putnam to the northwest. He was active in all 
schemes for the advancement of the settlements in educational, 
social and more material projects. 

In 1798 he, with others, founded Muskingum Academy, and, 
in 1811, was appointed by the territorial legislature, one of 
the trustees of the Ohio University, in the welfare of which 
he had the deepest interest, and was instrumental in obtaining 
endowments and [dacing the college on a firm foundation. 

His last public office was that of a member of the conven- 
tion which met in 1802 to form a state constitution, and to 
his firm and determined opposition was due the failure to in- 
corporate in the constitution the right to hold slaves. The 
slavery party was defeated by but one vote. 

The latter years of his life were spent among the scenes of 
his success, and during these years the church had many 
occasions to bless him for his kindly and substantial interest. 
Cared for by his maiden daughter, Elizabeth, he calmly waited 




for Iho ("11(1 wliicli caiiio on llic 4(1) of May, 1824, and was 
laid lo rest in tlio iMoinul Ciunolcny, so called from llie aiiciiuit 
mound, the preservation of which is due him wiio rests so 
near it. Even in fhat early day, when American archa}o]o<ry 
was as yet unheard of, ho manifested a keen appreciation of 
the relics of the people who had onco inhal)ited that fruitfid 
region. He was nearly the first to realize the inii)()rtance of 
preserving the memorials of a hygone race it wc woidd know 
aught concerning them, and to another of the name. Prof. 
Fred(u-ic W. Putnam, more than any other, we owe what 
knowledge we have of the wonderfid works and customs of 
thos(! people. 

Throughout the Ohio valley to-day, a dee[) and sincere 
veneration is felt for the pioneer of that vast territory, and to 
none can the title be more truly given than to Gen. Kufus 
Putnam, the "Father of the Northwest." 

Tlie following inscription is upon his gravestone : 

Gen. Rufus Putnam 
A revolutionary oiKccr, and the leader of the colony which 
made the first settlement in the Territory of the Northwest at 
Marietta, April 7, 1788. 

Born April 9, 1738 

Died May 4, 1824 

Persis Kice, wife of 

Rufus Putnam 

Born November 19, 1737. 

Died September 6, 1820 

"The memory of the just is Blessj-:d." 

NOTK. A8 it is not in the jjower of tlio author to do full justi(-o in those pnffes to 
Gen. Putn;ini'8 ojireor, the rcului- is referred to Hildreth'fi Lives oftlie Kiirly Settlers of 
Ohio; Walker's UiHtory of Atliens Co., Ohio; Life of Uufns Putnam, with extracts 
from his journal, ))y Mary Cone; History of Sutton, Mass.; The IMari.ata Centennial 
Number of Uie Oliio Arcliajological & Historical Quarterly (June, ISS8); Journal of 
Gen. Kufus Putnam, 17.-)7-1700, by E. C. Dawes; Essex Institute Historical Collections, 
XXV ; New England Historical Genealogical Kegister, Vol. i'2. 


V. 213 Oliver {Joseph, Edward, Thomas, John), 
baptized at Saloin Village, 21 Oct., 1722 ; died between 1789 
and 171)4; married 22 Dec., 1743, Ilaiiiiah Brown who was 
livino^ in 1794. Lived in Danvers, just beyond Hathorne's 
Hill. The house is still standini];. 

Children, baptized North Parish, Danvers: 

576 William, biipt. 27 May, 1744. 
577 Meihtable, bapt. 16 Aug., 1747; in., 1794, Joseph Knight of 

578 Oliver, bapt. 4 Feb., 1753. 

579 Lydia, bapt. 29 Dec, 1754; m. Benjamin Ray, tailor, living in 

Penobscot, Hancock Co., Me., 1794. 

580 Lucy, bapt. 30 Jan., 1763; m. Richard Lnscomb, junior, of Salem, 

joiner. Cli. : Samuel and Richard. Both parents and children 
died previous to 1794. 

V. 214 Joseph {Joseph, Edioard, Thomas, John), 
bMptized Salem Village, 26 xVpril, 1724. Will dated 3 Mar., 
1781 ; proved 17 April, 1781 ; married 31 Jan., 1745, Mary, 
daughter of Israel and Sarah (Putnam) Porter (No. 147), 
baptized 24 April, 1720; died 1811. 

Children, born in Danvers: 

581 Lydia, bapt. 27 July, 1746. 

582 Sarah, bapt. 29 Jan., 1748-9; d. y. 

583 Joseph, bapt. 21 Apr., 1751. 

584 Israel, bapt. 24 June, 1753. 

5!S5 Mary, bapt. 14 Sept., 1755; d. y. 

586 Lydia, bapt. 26 Feb., 1758; not mentioned in father's will. 

587 John, bapt. 18 Jan., 1701 ; not mentioned in father's will. 

588 Bktty, bapt. SO Oct., 1763. 

589 Mauy, bapt. 26 Jan., 1767. 
590 Porter, bapt. 25 Mar., 1770. 

Joseph Putnam was more or less prominent in the local 
adairs of Danvers. He was tythingman, 1754 and 1758; 
surveyor of highways, 175G ; constable 1764. 

V. 218 Major Ezra {Ezra, Edward, TJiomas, John), 
born at Salem Village ; baptized there 8 June, 1729; died 
Marietta, Oiiio, 19 Mir., 1811 (gravestone) ; married 21 


Juno, 1750, Lucy (No. 232) Putnam, probably daughter of 

Col. David rutnam, who died at Marietta, 20 July, 1818, 

aged eighty-seven (gravestone.) 

Children, born in Middletou : 

591 Bkity, b. 18 Mar., 1751; m. 11 Nov., 1767, Archelaus Batchclder. 
592 Neiikmiaii, b. 14 Oct., 1753. 

593 Lucy, b. 4 Jan., 1757; d. 19 May, 1802; m. 9 Mar., 1780, Samuel 

Small, of Danvers, who m., 2iid, 25 Nov., 1802, Mrs. Jerusha 
(Upton) Fuller, widow of Jacob Fuller. The followina: obituary 
was found among some old papers: " May 19, 1802, Mrs. Lucy 
Small died in the 74th (?) year of her age. She was wife of Mr. 
Samuel Small, and 2nd daughter of Major Ezra Putnam, now at 
the Ohio. She lived much beloved, and died greatly lamented. 
llcr sickness was short, 'but attended with the most excruciating 
pains, Avhich she bore with an uncommon share of Christian pa- 
tience, and met death Avith a calm composure of mind in the ani- 
mating hope of a blessed immortality, through the merits of the 
great Redeemer." 

594 Ezra, b. 5 July, 1759; killed by the Indians during the winter of 

1791-92. Ezra had gone to Marietta about 1788, and some of 
his letters are extant. In one under date of 29th May, 1788, to his 
mother, he speaks well of the settlement at Marietta and mentions 
his l)rother Small of Middleton. 

595 Deborah, b. 19 Jan., 17G1; m. Feb., 1785, David, son of Andrew 

and Elizabeth (Clark) Fuller of Middleton. Ch. : Andrew, b. 6 
Feb., 1780; d. 5 Aug., 1810. Jedediah, b. 7 Oct., 1788, settled in 
Ohio, but d. while a young man. Betsey, b. 17 Jan., 1791; ni. 
Jabez Farley of Salem. Eunice, b. 19 Mar., 1793 ; d. 5 Aug., 1795. 
Lucy, b. 31 July, 1795; m. 10 Apr., 1817, John Ross. Nehemiah 
Putnam, b. 15 Sept., 1797; m. 25 Dec, 1823, Mary Ann Perkins. 
Ezra, b. 23 June, 1800; d. in Ohio while a young man. 

59G David, b. 10 July, 17C7; d. of some sickness at Marietta previous 
to 1792. He was graduated from Phillips Andover Academy. 

697 John, b. (not on town records) ; killed by the Indians at the 

same time that his brother Ezra was. 

EziiA Putnam lived in Middleton, but on the Lexiugton 
Alarm Lists at the State House he is named as lieuteuaut in 
Capt. Asa Prince's company, and as of Danvers. His time 
of service there is given as two days. 

From a "General Return of the Aruiy of the Uuited Colo- 
nies at Cambridge, Jan. 8th, 1776," we learu thiit he then 
hekl tlie commission of Major in Col. Israel Hutchinson's 
Regiment, the 27th Foot. Among the other officers of this 


regiment were Captain Enoch Putnam, Adjutant Tarrant Put- 
nam, Lieutenant ( second) Tarrant Putnam, Ensign Jeremiah 

On the Coat Rolls, i. e. rolls of men who served eight 
months from May to December, 1775, at the siege of Boston, 
occurs the name of Ezra Putnam, drummer, of Middleton ; 
probably, this was the young son of Major Ezra. 

Alter the Revolutionary War, Major Ezra settled on the 
old farm but in 1789"^ he and his wife joined his sons Ezra, 
David, and John in Ohio. Many letters still remain in the 
possession of Miss Susan Putnam of Danvers which throw 
much light on the incidents of the early settlements on the 
Ohio. From these letters and other sources we find that 
the sons went np the Muskingum River to their and their 
father's "donation land"' in the fall of 1790. Soon after came 
the Big Bottom Massacre and the sons lost their lives. The 
old people were obliircd to take retuge in Cami)us iNIartius 
and there for many years Mrs. Putnam kept a "domestic 
boardino- house." They had many trials; the death of their 
son Nehemiah whom they had endeavored to persuade and 
settle in Ohio, the gradually failing memory of the Major, 
the severe times and high price of labor, aJl these are men- 

During the long evenings in Campus JNLutius it was a 
connnon occurrence to get the Major to sing a seventy verse 
ballad on the taking of Capestown, and to recount the many 
stories of the French and Indian War in which he had taken, 
part, having held an officer's commission at the taking of 
Cape Breton. 

Both the INIajor and Mrs. Putnam are buried in the north- 
ern end of Gen. Rufus Putnam's lot at the Mound ceme- 

Upon their gravestones are the following inscriptions : 

" Sacred to the Memory of Major Ezra Putnam : a native 
of Massachusetts, whodied March 19th, 1811, aged 83 years." 

'' Dismissed from the church at Middleton at his own 'request, with his wife, 27 
Sept., 178'J. 



"Siicrod to the Mcnioiy of Lucy Puliiam, wlio died July 
20ili, 1818, aged 87 years." 

Miijor Vj/.v.i PiitiiaiM was slioi't hut uot of" heavy huihl, his 
Avife was stotit, aud both W(!reof lively aud (;h(!ei I'ul disposiliou. 

AuKuiLi^ the ohl letters iueuliou(Ml alK)V(i is ouc; of date; of 
2!)th fluiH^, 171M), ill which dcscriplioii is <;iv(Mi of llu^ (!X(ale- 
nieiit aud uiilxdief in Ohio of "a s(^heiiie lo l)riii<^ vessels to 
Marretta hy Jive wor/cs." (jeii. Uufus I'litiiaiu, however, the 
writer goes on to say, endorses the scheiiK;. 

Gen, Kufus Piiluani in iiis Memoirs slates that all lliic(; of 
Major E/i'a's sous left iiiah; issue; this is |)i'ol)al)ly a mistake. 

V. 220 Phinoas {haar,, Edward, Thovuis, John), born 

in Salem Village, 1 Oct., 1722; of Sutton. 

Chddren, iirobahly born in or neai" Sutton : 

598 Lkvi, ; rcinovcMl to VVu.sliiii'j;t,()ii, Vl. 

r.!)l) Knoch, b. 

600 DAMior., 

<;()] liicTTY, ; (1. 5 A|)r., 1781 or 5. 

(;(t2 iiii.DAii, 
(;o;5 EiJMCK, 

V. 221 Asaph {Isaac, Edward, Thoman, John), liorn in 
Salem Village;, 1 1 Sept., 1724 ; married 7 Sept., 174;i, Sarah, 
daughter of Jonathan Park. Asaph Putnam was earricMJ to 
Sutton when a boy i)ut left thcrc^ about 17(!0. The ba[)lisni3 
of his chil(b"en are from Sutton elnu'ch records. 

Children : 

fiOi AitiJAii, t)ii|)t. 21 Oct., 17M. 

COS AsAi'ii, l)!i|)t. 18 June, 1711). 

f;0« Jonah, Impt. 10 Auf,'., \li,2. 

C07 Ei'iiKON, ) 

G08 I'AKK, ;'l'"l'l-7July, 17or.. 

V. 224 Nathan {Isaac, Edward, Ihomas, John), 
born in Salem Village, 24 Oct., 1730; died Sutton, 6 Aug., 
1813; married 2 Aug., 1752, Betsey, daughter of James 
Hudiiigton of Salem, born tlun-e, 28 Fel). (anotluu- autlun-ity 
Sept.,) 1734; died 2G Aug., 1810. 



C'liilili'cn, honi in Siitloii : 

609 /.ADocK, li. -J;) ncc, 1752. 
010 Mhah, I). S April, \ir,L 
(ill ,Iamii:s, I). LM; Nov., 175.'). 
(112 Ukity, 1). rj.Iiiii., 17r)S; (1. '.'l Doc, 1812; m. II Nov., 177(;, JA.. 

SU'pluMi, won of Samuel iiiul LmTct.ia (IvU-lmnlsoiO MmiIiIi-, of 

SiiMou, a Siicllrr by trade. Cli :"•' NaUiaii, It. '-".• June, 177S. 

IJetsey, h. 10 Jan.. 1780. I'olly, h. 10 Sept., 17S1. ralin.T, 1) 20 

Sept., 17SI. ClKii-lolle, ii. 7 Dee., 17S(;. Samuel, b. ;> \)i'c., 17SS. 

N.aiiey. d. y. (of lockjaw V 
(li;! Lvi>i\, 1). ;">1 D.e , I77>',i; m. 7 Nov., 1777. Sl.e(>heii Fuller of N'er- 

moiit, ami had (welve ehildieu. 
014 NAriiAN. b. K; May. 17(;i. 
(;i5 Hannah, 1). i;5 Mar.. KCI!; d. 28 Sept.. 1818; m. 15 Dim-., 17!)(;, 

.loliii (but aeeordliii;' to .loliii I'litiiamofdrarion lu 18;U'i,' Waters'), 

son of Stephen ;ind llnldaii (Fl!i,H!i) Fuller, a.s hl.s .second wile. 

Ch. : Stephen, b. C. \\\ix., 1707; il. 22 Sept., 1850. Nathan, b. 21 

IM.iy, 17'.i'.t. Kichard, b. 1 Nov., 1802; d. 2'.t Mar., 187(;. Hetsiy, 

b. 17 Jan., 1801, m. 'I'yler Carpenter. 
010 AiiNKi!, b. 17 .Mar., 17(15 ; m. Abi^.ail Waters. Abner riitnam 

followed the business of scy I he nial<iui; ; in lS;i5 he was a 

d.Mit of l.udlow, ;\Ie. 
t'>17 Sai.i.y, b. 27 Feb.. 17(15; ni. 2(5 Feb.. 17".H), Jesse, son of S.uniU'l 

and r.itlenco ((lale) Marble, of Kutland. Ch. : Lowis, b. 7 Sept.. 

17iH). Esther, b. 12 Jan., 17i>2. Sally, b 22 .Vui;., I7;i;-.. Sidvcy, 

h. 25 Sept., 171l(;. Hetsey, b. 22 May, 17:i8. 
(".18 Ta-Mai;. b. 2;U)et., 17('.8; d. f. Dee., 18i;»; m._l7 Mar., 1785, Joiin, 

son of John and'Mi (Town) Ivini;', of \Vard. Ch : 'Tamar, 

l>. 7 July, 1785. Jidin. b. 7 Feb.. 1787. James. 
(;r.> I'oii.v, b. 1 Apr., 1770; d. prev. to 18(^2; in. l, Inly. 17!M, .Vmos, 

sou of Amos and .Mti-.ii! (^Cobb) Waters, a blacksmith, b. 18 \'\'U., 

17(;i; d. 18 Mar.. 185(".. They had one diilil. 
020 John, b. ;; Sepl , 1771; n\. Anna llodii'sklns of New Ipswich, N.ll. 

(121 (.M,i\ i:i!, b. 1"J Jidy, 177;>; d. .v. p. ; in. Fli/.abetli Newton. .V farmer 

of Dixlleld, Me., in 18;'.(;. 
(;22 (JKoiaiic W., b. 17 May. 1778; d. .<. ;i>. l'',irnier. 
{!2;! .\iiu;aii,. b 20 Mar., 1775; m. Simon Kawson, a (arnier ol' V\- 

bilil-e. Mass. 

Nathan TrrNA.M was ;m iMicri^olio ;iiul ix^ ni:m, llo 
\v:is Isinnvii ;is " lOsijtiiio " riiliiam ;iii(l was iiolotl lor Iho 
u;f(Mt iiiii\il)t'f ol" m;ii ri.ii^o.s ho ptTloiano^l. \\c hoii^lit the 

"''riuTO wero soVtM'al iiioio I'hililieii bein iireviou.s to 1S;!.">. hut lltoiv nanio.-i ;iro uii- 
Uiiew i\ 111 me. ' 


()i-i;j:in;il lH)m<;s|,<';i(| oC Ismjic I*ii(iimiii (Votii riiiiH^-is I'lil ii;iiii, 
l)iil, his son (h\)l. Al)ii<-r riilii;mi sold l\\r, piMcc. N.illi;iii 
I*mIii;uii o|)(!rM,l,<!(| ii trip-li.imiiKir run hy liorsfs-powcr .-ind 
cMiricd on IIk; in.'intiriictiirc) of siiylhcs, (Mijo^yinj; llio cvvaWI of 
l)(!in;( IIm! Ijillicr o( s<tyll)(!-ni;il<inL'- in MjiHsucIiiiHettH. Miiny 
of his dcs(;<!nd;inl.s li.'ivc IxM-n in llui s:ini(? line; of hnsincss. 

V. 226 Isaac (Isaac, Kdinartl, T/iovias, John), Ixmii '\ 
Nov., MM ; j),s|i(;d to KmcIk;! Pnill, 22 Miir., I TOO. Mis. 
I'ulnnni died jit Uk; homo of his h(jm Duvid, ;il licckcl,, .-ilmmI 
on<; hinidrcd and four yoarH. 

Childii'ii : 

024 I)Avn». 

625 Ihaa(;, hiqil,. 17';.".. (TliiH is iloiiljl.dil (l;il,c.) 

V. 228 Capt. Daniel {Isaac, hUlwanl, 'llamias, Jahn), 
Ijoin in Snilon, 2.S ,M;ir., 1 7.';:) ; died Cornish, N. II., l«()l); 
ni!in-i<!d 25 ,Innc, ITCl, Anna, d;in;^hl(M- of Hon. S.inin. I 
(JliMH(! of Snilon. 

They r<!niovc,<| lo Coi-nish in I TO-i , :ind spcnl, Ihc winlci- 
in a camp hnill, Coi- Ww. nso of ni(;n who hud hccn (•Mtlin<r 
masts loi- lh(! Ivoy.-d Nuvy. 

('hihhcn, horn in Onriish : 

626 .Sa,mi;ki,. 

027 Danik/,, (Irowiifd in Mic Conn. Klvcr, wliiic (|ull,(! yoiiri;<. 
628 Ihaac. 

Town rU'.vk ofC'oinish 177.'). Scrvcid in (.'onlincnljd Army 
iindor (Jol. .Ion;i. (;h;is(! in 1777 for lhr('(i yc-u-s. In I7«l 
m(!mh('i- of (;!ipt,. Aloody Uuslin's (Jo., Isl. N. II. (jonlincin- 
t:d. Soioctman in MM. 

V. 231 William { Ihivid, Jasrph, 'I'lamias, John,), 
horn in Sahsm Vill:i;.';(! ; Itiipli/cd lhr:c 8 Mar., 172;)-.")(); 
will didcd at. \\':ilcrtown A dnnc, prol.nh^d jit VVorccslcr, 7 
.Iidy, \mi ', m:nri(;d in Dnnvcis, 5 Nov., 17.01, lOii/iiiicih 
dan<:ht(!r of .losi.di iind Kulh (Ilnlcliinson) I'nln;im who 
died prcvions l,o 1^^()7. 


ChildrcMi : 

(;'j;> Hkiuxx'a, 1). 2(5 April, 17".^; d. DiinveiN, Sopt.., 1811; m. Ciipt. 
Saiiiiicl, son of Col. Jcrt'ininh Jiiid Saruli (Andrews) dan. Daiui-l 
and I) inji;er (Porter) lliitchinson. Glniicr Porter was dan. of 
Israel and Sarah (dan. Lt. James Pntnani) Porter I'a^e of 
Danvers; b. there 1 Anix., 17r.;{ (or 1 .Tnl.v);d. 2Sei>l., ISll. 
Capt. Piijie was at the storinliiii,' of Stony Point, For their dau.'s descendants see Piekeiinu; Oen., iW vii-182. For their 
son Jereniiali's dan., Lanra Deland, ilescendants see ditto, '-'(> 
630 Andkkw, b. 2 April, 1755. 

(;;>1 Wii.i.i.vM, b. 15 Mar., 1757. 

(;;i2 Ki.r/..unoTii, 1). 25 Mar., 17C4; <1. '.» Nov. 1841; ni. May, 17!)1, Caiit, 
Samnel Kndieolt. of Salem, son of John and Martini (^I'ntnam) 
Endicott, b. Jnnc, 17('.;!;d. 1 May, 1828. Ch. : Sam'l, b. Mar., 
17!)5; d. unni.. May, 1828. Kliza, ni. 7 Jan., 18;i8, Anyiistus 
Perry. Martha, ni. Jnly, 182:5, Franeis Peabody. William Pnt- 
nam, b. 5 Mar., 180;5.'''' Clara, m. Sept. 1827, (ieorne Peabody. 

AViMJAiM Putnam sottlcd in SU'rlinix, Mass., aiul in 1780 
was a niomhor of the Coiiveiilioii which tVanicd tho State 

V. 235 Joseph {Ddi-fd, Joscp/i, T/iO)na.'<, Jo/ni), hovn 
in SalcMii Villaov, '2^\ Sept., 17,'>1); died in Danvers, 1) Mar., 
1818; inanicd there 2(5 Mar., 1770, Kuth-Flint. 

ChiUlren, born in Danvers: 

CSS Kuril, b. 2'.)''^ June, 1778; d. 22 Jan., 181'.), ni. 5 Nov., 17;';l, Allen 
Nourse,of Danvers. ('li. : Polly, b.2l) Auii'., 1800; cl. unm. :'. Jan., 
1825. Painelia, b. June, 1802; d. 5) Oct., 1872, unm. Kiithy. b. 
(> Dec, 180;?; d. 5 Sept., 188;?; m. « Dec, IBlVJ, Klijali llutehinsou. 
Samuel Putnam, b. 14 Feb., 180li; d. 8 May, 1872; ni.24 May, 18;i(), 
Mary K. Proetor; m., 2d, 21 Jan., 184(i, Pliebe AV. Proetor. Dan- 
lei E., b. 5 Apr., 1808 ; d. num. 1(> Oct., 1887. Ilaunali Endieof;, b. 
25 Dec, 1810; d. 31 Dec, 18;?2; m. 5 Dec, 18;U, Thomas E. 
Dodge. Sally, b. 3 Oct., 181;?; m. Orriu Putnam. Eliza Flint, b. 
2(i Dec, 181(5; d. 27 Feb., 1887; ni. 14 June, 1813, Stephen 
Franklin Ueed. 

034 Pavio, b. 10 Oct., 1774; d. 1775. 

(;;?5 Davu), b. 4 May, 177(1; d. 177(). 
636 Jkssic, 1). ;J April, 1778; d. 10 Feb., 18('>1. 

'"Soo pngo 115, nuinbor ;i'.'S, ami footiiolo. 
w Family Biblo record. 


iHtiM.!. (rn()^h\H) J'i;'/:.AM. 177 

037 I'AisMKfjA or Mmt,Y, b. !« Nov., 1780; (J, 2i I)<;c,, 1707, 

<y/,H i'(>i,i.Y, b. Hi April, l7Hi; <]. ?, Oct., iHZi ; fit. Ki .Snu., IHOC, 

VAii'Mf/MT, Hou of lif.ti], nui\ Mt;hH(:<;si. n'utfi«ro;i;pf,on of Il<;fld)»ijf. 

h. 14 J;ifi., J7^,/'{; d. I,", Aij^-, i^22, ('Ai.: ItntiU-A i'mitiuti, \). IH 

\ )(:>;., J 800, 
<V.',',i f/'AiMAiu.sK, tn \i; May, 1701; <). W;f,. i Wi'Aikn. 

I>KA0ON .ioHKi'// I'CTN'AM wuH ,'j. HrriJiIIor rn,'ifi ifi!in hJH 
Ijif^lx;)' InnM'), wuH ofa li;.^lii cf;fn|>U!xioii, hin couutoiinnoo vvaH 
o|j<;ij Mii'J f)U;fiH}iiit. Ill hJM old {i^j^r; ho rabiitwj] llio »f!'t\tiy of 
yr^iiU). 'rfjrou<rhoiit, hin lon;.^ li/V; Ix; \v;ih profriiii<;)il in town 
uii'i |;riiT-,l) uiYn'it'H iui(\ \>i-,\<\ th<; <>iVi<-(; of dcucoii ifj fjio r;|jri)7:|i, 
Jijjvin;.^ I;<;<;ii c}if>H(5n 2 .S«5|)t., 1802. 

V. 236 iHraol ( Dnvid,, 'I'ho,nati, .John), \>(,ru 
in Sjilcrn M \\\:v^<'., 1'.) ./nnf;, 1742; died in l^anvorH, 2/i Fol;., 
1825; nmniod Ihorfj, 7 F<;b., I 771/* Sarah KppoH who diod 
8 0,;f,., 1784; mamod, ncjcond, 22 Foh., 1785, MrH. Kmrnc 
l'i'inc<;, vvidr>w of Kzra Prin'-<; of I);inv<;rH, who died 10 Jnly, 
18.'}1. She W!i,H hoi'ii 21 .J;in,, 174.'i. 

Children, hojii in OanverH: 

010 Au,fcN', h, J J April, 1772; fl, at «<;a 10 Nov., 1708, \xnm. 

641 Jmmk/-, b, 8 Mar., 1774; t\. JO l<>f>,, 18/54, 

0^2 iHU.w.h, \). 20 H«;pt,, 1770; d. 15 .July, l70-'5, num. 

04« Hau,v, h, ,Mar,, 1770; d. 20 Stm., J81J. 

on \',KiHi.Y, h. '.) Oct,, 1782; d. 28 Oct., 1864. 

Ihuaj,/, I'r/i.vAM inherited that pari of the David I'ufnjirn 
e:-;tjif,e npon whieh htandn the (ien. iHrael Pntiuifn honnr;. Ilin 
f^jothei- Dejieon doHepli had tlie otfier lialtof'the faifn. 

J«racl Putnam liv<;d all hin life in Dnnvitrti on hiH anccHfral 
aei'e.H. , Jfe wan a rnaii of f^reat f^reiidth and warfntli of eliar- 
aeter, gencrouH, of pore tanten and of a deep religiouH nature. 
Jt JH'naid hy hih grandda(j;.d)tor, MrH. Hamet (Putnam; 
Fowler that ho roHornhled the poKrait of \i\h mutUt, Gen. Israel 
I'ntnarn, havinf< a round pleasant faee, hlue <;ye8, hut di^-jday- 
in;.^ liii lirmneHH and decihiou of character although frank and 
good natiiied. 

"'J'own ItecorrJU.— Tb*y Wfcft marrUiti hy " lUsnj. I'tbin-AAt, £*<!.'♦ 


Tlioso tmils in his clmraclor IcmI t() \\\o. scokinu' of liis 
mlvico on town mailers ns an oiiinion given by him >Yas 
niivly at fanlt. 

For his time ho was a close observer of atlairs luul reudcr 
of books, especially those [)eilaiiiing to scripture. 

V. 240 Jesso (David, Josep//, T//owat<, John), born in 
Danvei's, 8 ,laiinary, 1754; died in Hoslon, 11 Ajjril, 1837; 
married 11 Feb., 177(5, Susanna Thalcher, danuhler of Col. 
(Samuel and Mary (Rrown) ThaU'her, of (^ainbridge, born 
17r)5, died 8 April, 18.'5I). A son of Col. Fbenezer Thatcher, 
who was a jn'omiuent citizen duriuL!; the Uevolulion, married 
Lucy, daughter of Gen. Knox. 


(U5 Catiiakink, b. In Boston, .Tmi., 1777; d. in roterboroni>h, N. II., 
L'7 Mar., 1S(>2. Miss rntiiain was ii most cuUivated and worthy 
AvoMian. 'I'liroiiuliout lu-r life she was constantly doiiii;: good 
and by iu-r t-xaniplo nrjiinj; others to bo oharitahlo and patriotic. 
"\Vh(>n the Civil War brolvo ont sl\e prosontod tlio I'ntnani (iuard« 
ofl>anvcrs with a stand of colors and in other ways cncourajiod 
tlioni. IVtcrboroniih owes nuich to her benevolonco, among 
other things a lino pnblic park. 

Jksse Putnam was one of the foremost of Boston mer- 
chants, universally respected by all who knew him. lie was 
o;radnated from Harvard Ci)llene in 1775. 

In a teller of date 1834, he states he had become separated 
from his fannly in early life and never had returned to the 
homestead except on visits. 

lie was mcn-e or less prominent in public alVairs in Boston. 

The inscription upon the opposite page was placed upon 
his monument at ]\lonnt Auburn. 


Jesse Putnam 

long known 

as the fatiiek of the 

merchants OF Boston 











On the same monument : 

Herb repose 

with those of her husband 

the remains of 


for more than sixty years the wife of 

Jesse Putnam 

SHE DIED April 8, 1839 

Aged 84. 


V^. 241 Col. Israel ( (ren. Israel, Joseph, TJiomas, 
John),\w\-\\ in Salem Villiii:;©, 28 .Ian., 17oi)-40; died in 

r>elpro, Ohio, 7 INlaivh, 1812; married , 17(54, Sarah 

AVaKIo ot TomtVet, Conn. 

ChiKlren, hoin in Tonifret: 

(;■((•. Sauaii, b. 25 Oct., ITC-l; d. 1818; ni. Samuel Thoniily. 

647 IsuAici., b. 20 Jan., ITCO; tl. 9 JMar., 1821. 

648 Aakon Waux), b. 18 April, 17('.7; d. 21 Aut?., 1822. 

649 lXvvn>, b. 24 Feb., ITCD; d. Marietta, Ohio, tU Mar., 1856. 

650 Wn.i.iAM Prrr, b. 11 Dec, 1770; d. Marietta, 8 Oct., 1800. 
(;:.l Mauy, b. 5 Aug., 1778; m. Daniel Mayo. 

652 Gkouqb Washington, b. 27 July, 1777; d. , 1800; ofVerney, 

(!58 EiiZAHK'ni, b. 10 Jan., 1780; ni. Joel Craii;'. 

(M' the above children tnily David was living in 1852. Mary and Eliza- 
beth settled in Viewport, Ky. 

Col, Putnam spent Ins boyhood, as most boys of his time, 
t>n the f'arn\, t>nly receiving sueli edncation as the country 
seht>i>ls alUn'ded, but of whit'h he made good use. 

AVhen his father hastened ti) Cambridge in 1775, Israel 
raised a company of vohmteers and Joined tiie army shortly 
after, where he remaineil under his lather's orders until the 
arrival of Washington. 

U[)on the appointment of Col. Israel Putliam as Alajor- 
General, C^npt. Israel Putnam was appointed an aide (22 
July). In this capacity he served on the Hudson, but after 
three years' service he retired to his farm. During the time 
he was in the army he actpiitted hinvself with distinction. 

When the Ohio company was formed, Col. Israel Putnam 
ioined the company, and, with two of his sons, crossed the 
mountains with a wagon load o( farming utensils. jNIrs. Put- 
nam remained on the farm at Pomfiet. Xi the formation of 
the setth'ment at lielpre, Colonel Putnam settled there, de- 
Vi)ted himself to clearing a farm, and in 171^0 he returned 
to Connecticut to bring out his family. During his absence 
from Ohio the Indian \\'ar bri)ke out, which delayed his re- 
turn for tive years. 

At Belpre, ho took a leading part in the atKurs of the com- 


imiiiily, Mild liis wc.illli wliicli, Mm>ii;;Ii iioI, i^rciil , W(I8 fJfl'Olltly 
in ox(!OHH of tliiit of iiiosi of liiH ii(?i^lil)<)rH, oiiahlcHl liiiii lo 
iiitrodiKio iiiMiiy iiii|H()V(!iii(Mil,s. lii cliiirch JiU'iiirH ho wuh 
j)r()iiuiKUit, lt{'iii<2; nil <^;irii(;,sL l*4)i,s(5(>[)uliiiu, and oiLuii road the 
BC'i'viceB lor (lie, cliiircli. 

A8 a liiriiKH- lid wan coiiHlaiiMy on tint loolcoiil, foi' incanH 
to im|»i'ov(^ liin ntorJc aiid wjim Uhi hkimiim of inliodiKiiii^ ill 
Ohio M liiut Inched <»rciHII(', whicli he h;id ;i<)l It-ii l»y iiiiprovillg 
thd iiMlivo (Joiiii<!f,l,i(!iil, cattk) by croHning wilh im|»(iil('(l 
Block, ohtaiiiod duriii<^ tho Uovohition. 

"Col. Piitiiain waH a inaii of homikI, vi/^oroiiM itiind, ;iiid 
roinai'kahlc (or hin phiiii (•oiiiiiKtii h('iih(< ; al)ni|il, ;iiid lioiiifly 
ill his iiiMiiiicr and addrc-HH, hiil, pcrriM-Uy Ii(»m<5h(, and iipri^hl. 
ill liiH iii(,<!r(;o(ir.s(5 with luaiikiiid." 

V. 243 Hannah ((^m. J.Hvad, Joneph, Thomas, Joliii), 
l)oni ii) VuuAvi'i, 2r> Aii;j^., 17^4; died 'A April, 1821; 
Miarriod 2f) Oct., 17(;i, John WiiichoHtor, hom (jC iHaac.'"' iiiid 
Sarah ( VViiiclitiMtor) Daiiaol' Ponifrijt, ('oiiii., Ixnii in roiiiCrt't, 
t; Jan., ]7;{!)-4(), died Kch., IHUi. 


(m iHAAC, I). 28 Nov., I7fi6! d. 2 Mar., 1H31 ; m,, Iwt, Bally D^an; in., 
2(1, Laura Minor, Ono of IiIh clilldren vvhh iinv. Jiidali Diuia, l>. 
21) Hcpt., 1817; Dartnioiil-h (Jollof,'*'. 1815; Iks in. ft Jidy, 1M17, IfoltneH W<dd of [larlland, Vt. 

<J55 HiasKv, I). — — , 17(iH; d. 31 Mar,, 1841; in. 17i)0, .lonaLlian, hou 
of ,)<)iial,luiii and Molatlali (Motcalf) Wuro, I)., VVkmiUmuii, 27 
April, I7<i7i d. 1 Fol)., ]Hi!8, H, (J. 17!)0. (Jli. : .loiialliiui, I). 17!)<J. 
(.'ainllla, 1). 28 Nov., 1804; d,, Cahol,, Vt., 10 An^., 1871. Mary 
lU'A.Ht'y, h. ]8H(!pt., 1800; d. U.Jan., 184!>; m. Ham'l HiiUorworLh 
of AndovfM", N. If. John, h. I7!»«. Kllnor, l». J807; d. y. 

C,r,ii ]5kn,iamin, I). -,.1770; d. 21 July, 18;!8; ni. Barali Hliaw; roH. 

al Wal,(!rford, Ohio. (Jli. ; a dan. in. lo A. M. Dilwoh. 

657 JiinAii, 1). 25 April, 1772; d. 27 Doc, l8lf.. 

658 iMHAici, Putnam, b. 8 April, 1774; of Danvllh;, VL; Hlatc Conn 

Hidor, (!l,c. ; in. Harali Hinlth. 

C5'J Hannah I'uinam, b. , 1775; d., I'omfrot,, Conn., H April, 18,10; 

in. Ztihiiloii l.yon, who d., VVooiImUjcU, VL. 

"I Isnnf, IXtiKi wiiu Bon of aoiijiimin, vvliObC! fiitlier, Itlchiiril Duuii, HctUod in Uml, piot ut 
CiiuiliriilKU, now Itrigjiloii, hIjouI, IHIO. 


660 John Winoiikstku, 1). U! Jan., 1777. 

661 Damki., 1). L'.'i Mar., 177y. 

ecu ISai;aii WiNcmcsriCK, b. ,1771); m. Rlajor Elislia Smith of 

I'omlVnl,, VI.. 
60:J IVw IK. 1). 21 Mar., 17S1 ; cl. IL' Mar., IS.'!'.). 
(UM MuNii'ic, 1). , 17iS;!; 111. Uarviy tMuisc of Cornish, N. II.; Yale, 

isoo. Attorney. 

(Uif) SciiUYi.KU, b. , 1785; il. inf. 

(iW; Mauy, b. , 1787 ; d. , IHK! ; m. Greet. 

John ^^'ilu■lu'sl('^ n!in:i ivniovoil, in 177;>, to the *;r.'int 
Avhicli (lovcnioi- \\'iMi(\v«)i(li h;ul m.'ulo to liin lutlicr in tlio 
h'cw Il;inii)siiiro Ciiiinls ii\ 17(51 . The nrw town avjis called 
l\)nirrot. Jleio he beenino proniinont in the allairs of town 
and Htalo. lvei)reHentativo in ihe lei;islatiiro in 1878, '80, 
'81, 'i>2, and a nionibor of constilulional convention of 1777. 

V. 245 Mcliitablo ( Gen. Israel, Joseph, Thomas^ 
,lohn),Un-\\ in Ponifrel, Conn., 21 Oct., 1741) ; died 28 Nov., 
178i); married, 1771, Oapt. Daniel Tylor,''^ of Brooklyn, 
Conn., an ai(le-(l«>-i'ani|) of (Jen. Israel Pnlnani at Bnnkcr 
Hill. Cai)lain 'ryler was born 1750; died 21) April, 18^2; 
married, second, Sarah, ''^ widow of Deacon l>enjamin Chaplin. 
She was a graiuidaui^hler of Brosident .lonathrin Edwards and 
a sister of Aaron Burr's wife. 

Three of tho sons of Captain Tyler graduated at West 
Point, Septimus, Edwin and Daniol. 

ChiUlren : 

667 Mauy, 1). ; d. 12 June, 1832. 

GU8 Tascai, r.\oi,A, b. 15 May, 1771; in. lU'tsey Halcer. Cli. : Caroline 
E., m. llulings (\)vvi)ortiiwait of riiiladolpliia. Daniel rutnain, 
lawyer in Broolvlyn, formerly Secretary of State for Conn. ; m. 

"' Captain Tyler was son of Oanlol Tylor wlio w.'is born at CJiolon, 'J'2 Fob., 1701 ; dicil 
'20 Feb.. ISO'J, iifveii 100 yearn II mos. •.!{! diiys. lie niiUMied thrice .'nid li;iil '.M cliildren; 
Jit tlio time of liis de.'illi there were Iniii!;' (! ehildren, r>0 i;randeliiKhen and I'JO gi'oat- 


h\H cousin Emily C. Tyler. Mary B., rn. Jarnos Ilolbrook of 

IJrooklyn, Conn. 

CO!) Damki. p., b. ; (1. IS .Jan., 1708, «;t. 21 years. 

GO!)a .Si;i'Timi;h, b. ; d. 20 May, 1782, vat. 2 yrs. 8 mos. 

070 Wn.hiAM P., b. 7 Oct., 1781; d. 2 Dec, 185!); rn. 1 .Jan., 1809, 

VValy,dau. of Nathan and Hannah (Putnam),"" Williaiti.s of Can- 
terbury, Conn. They lived a few >earH at Warner, Vt., but re- 
turned to Brooldyn. Ch. : Hannaii Putnam, b. 15 Mar. ; 

d. HO .Jan., 18!i2; m. H.July, 1840, David Ollmur ofKli/.abeth, N. J. 
JOii/abeth, b. 19 Oct., 1809; d. unm. 29 Apr., ]8:i9. Maria Cor- 
delia, b. 3 Sept., 1811; d. 1 Mar., 1882; m. 11 Sept., 1832, John 
Gallup, 3d, of Brooklyn, at one time ;j;eneral manaf^(!r of Lake 
Shore it. K. Emily Cecilia Ctwin with MarlaJ, d. 13 Feb., 1809; 
rn. Daniel P. Tyler above. Waty WilliamH, b. 27 Au<?., 1814; m. 
30 May, 1842, Rev. Benjamin Howe, b. IpHwich, 3 Nov., 1807; d. 
Hud.son, N. II. (Ch. : Homer, b. Wells, Me., 10 Au}^., 1848, of 
Ilud.son, N. II. Cecil Putnam, b. Meredith, N. Y., 8 Nov , 1857; 
d. 13 Feb., 1800.) William P., b. 7 .July, 1815; d. 10 Sept., 1816. 

William Williams, b. .30 .July ; d. 27 .Jan., 1805; m. 22 .Jan., 

1855, .Joanna Farriiij^ton. 

071 V.tcisY, b. 18 .June, 1784 ; m. , Eldred«e of Warren, Vt. Ch. : 

Betsy. Frederick. Daniel. Lucretia. Edward. ].,ucy. 

072 Si;r'iiMU«, d. on passaj^e lionie from St. Domingo, on board tlie 

Jri^iate Congress, 17 Sept., 1817, ait. 27 yeais. He was commer- 
cial agent of U. S. at tlie Island of St. Domingo. 

V. 246 Mary ( Gen. Israel, Joseph, Thomas, John), 
born in Pom fret, Conn., 10 May, 1753 ; married 2 Nov., 1773, 
Sutnuol, soil of Zacliiiriali Waldo of Poinfrct, Conn., a brotlior 
of Dr. AII)ig(;nce Waldo and a d(;sc(}iidaiit of deacon (JoriKditis 
Waldo of Chelmsford, Mass., horn 28 Ang., 1747, died 14 
Feb., 1810. 

Children : 

673 Bktsky, b. 22 Sept.. 1774 ; m. 12 May, 1799, .Jolm Augustus Glcason. 

074 IsiiAKL, b. 12 Dec, 1770; d. 2 .Jan., 1780. 

075 Sa.mukl, b. 12 Mar., 1779; d. Hartford, Mar., 1820, author of many 

bio^iraphicai works. 
070 Fit.\.\Gis, b. 22 April, 1783; m. 12 May, 1805, Luciiida Clement 

Cheney. Ch. : Catharine, b. 14 May, 1800. Samuel, b. 1 .June, 

1810. Mary Putnam, b. 12 Sept., 1812. Frances Luciuda, b. 12 

April, 1815. 
077 Lkwis, b. 25 .June, 1787; d. 1 May, 1788. 

<i'' Flfinnah Putnam wa,i dan. of John {/ikizer, I'Unaaer, John, John) Putnam ami w.ih 
born 1 Jan., 1703. 


('.78 Poi.LY, b. i;5 April, 1780. 

(!7i) Liowis TuTNAJi, b. 22 Mar., 17;)(.'.; (\. 28 Uiu:, 17!1(>. 

V. 247 Eunice (Gen. Israel, Joseph, Thomas, John)^ 
l)()ni ill PomlVot, 10, 1751? ; died 27 June, 1709 ; married, 
iirsl, Filislia son of Rev. Ephraiin mid Deborah (Lothrop) 
Av(My of Brooklyn, Conn., born ',\ Decoinbcr, 1741. A .sister 
Elizabeth married Ivev. Aaron l^itnain (No. 32()) ;'" mar- 
ried, second, 7 Sept., 178o, P>riij;'. (ien. Lemnel Cirosvenor, 
son of Ebenezer, jr., and Lney (Cheney) Grosvenor, born 18 
April, 1752; died in Pomfret, 19 Jan., 1833; he married, 
second, 9 Mar., 1801, Sarah Perkins, born 27 Oct., 1771, 
(lied 1(5 C)et., 1831. Six children, viz., Perkins, born 25, 
died 2S April, 1802. Eunice Putnam, born 24 Ai)ril, 1803; 
died 5 July, 1883. Sarah Perkins, born 5 Feb., 180(), liv- 
inu' 1892; married Charles Coit of Norwich, Conn. Ellen 
Dono-lus, born 27 Feb., 1814; died 10 Nov., 1831. Two 
died in infancy. 

Child by first marriage : 

080 K I.I SUA. 

Children by second marriage : 

(;81 LicMUKi,, b. 20 Oct., 1784; d. 19 Jan., 1858; ni.X^Iarissa Downs of 
Boston. Cli. : Cliarlotte Otis, b. 30 Jan., 1810; d. 22 Oct., 1817; 
ni. James Siiepard Pilic^'. Louisa, b. 23 Feb., 1814; d. Provi- 
dence, 10 Aug., 18(>9. liev. Lemuel, b. 27 April, 1815; d. s. p., 
8 Aug., 1870, of London, Eiii;;. ; ni., 1st, 20 Oct., 1845, Miss Pearce, 
dau.of Daly Pearce of Newport, U. I.; in., 18(')(i, Grace Dnganne 
of Boston, who d. London, 17 Dec, 18;)1. Clarissa, b. (> July, 
1817; d. 10 June, 18!)0; ni., 1845, Charles Stockbridge son of 
Ebenezer and Ivuth (Otis) Thompson and had (Kev.) Ebenezer 
of Biioxi, Miss., b. 21 Nov., 184(;," and Cliarles Otis, b. 1!) June, 
184'.), of Pomfret. Caroline Downs, m. Dr. Thomas Perry of 

" Avery CJoiuxilojiy. l>y W. W. Avory. 

'M. Sliopard I'iko, minister to the Hague IS(il-f). Associated wilh Grccloy on the 

"MJov. Klietiozor Grosvonor, ni. 17 M.iy. 1S8'2, Julia E. Currnn. Ch. nr« Jolin El)en- 
czor Giosvonov, b. 8 Mar., ISSi; d. 17 Oct., ISS7. Charles Cnnan, b. 17 Feb.. 18S(!. I'liul 
Stockl)ri<lgo. b. 3 Auj;., ISiiO, Kiiiscopal niiuistor at lliloxi, Miss. CliaiK's (_)lis Gios- 
vouor, 1). lU June, ISli); ui. U l"'eb., ISS9, Caroline Wadsworlh. Ch. Dorothy Otis, b. '29 
Aug., 181)0. 

Son of Gen. Israel Putnfvm, 


682 Gr;v, b. 5 Sept., 1780; d, 10 Sept., J 788. 

fi83 (Ma,;<;ii; Ehk.vkzkk, b. Pornfret, Conn., 20 Feb., 1788; d. there 10 
Nov., 1817; Yale 1807, lawyer; m. Brooklyn, Conn,, 3 May, IHlo, 
hiH couftln, .IlarrJet Wa<l<<worth, daa. of Daniel and Catherine 
('Hutchinson; Putnam. No livlnfj isBue (IH'.lOj. 

684 Clauk Gl-y, b. 2a June, 17(^0; d, 21 Oct., 180^. 

685 Ly.wiH, h. 12 April, 1704; d. 12 Aug., 18^3; rn. Harriet WiDche«ter 

of lioftton. One dau, d. y., three r/jore died in Infancy. 

V. 248 Daniel ( O'en. /.rro.el, Joseph, Thmaafi, John), 
})(>v\\ ill i^^mfVet, Conn., now Jirookl)i), 18 Nov., 1759; diod 
thero 30 April, 1831; married in Boston, 2 Sept., 1782, 
Catherine, daughter of Shrinipton nnd Klizuholh CMalbone) 
IIiitc-hin«on, Ijorn in Jioston, 1 1 A[)iil, ] 7.57 ; died in IIurlfo)-d, 
31 Oct., 1844. 

Children, born in lirookiyn, Conn, : 

686 WxixiAM, b. 1 Jan., 1783; d. 5 Dec, 1846; m. Mary Spalding. 

687 Cathkhink, b. 17 Nov., 1785; d. 2 Oct., 1842; rn. Geo. lirlnley. 

688 i:i.iZAjjKTH, b. 18 Feb., 1789; d. 10 May, 1701. 

689 Hakkikt WAi^swoinu, b. 22 Sept., 1702; d. 20 Sept., 1869; rn. her 

eoiihin Ebenezer Groftvenor, q. v. 
690 YA.uwiKvn, b. 24 Sept., 1791; d. ; rn. George Surnner, '^.c. 
*;'.)] ItiKAKX, b. May, 1796; d. 2 June, 1796, aet. 10 days, 
692 Annk Cokfin, b. 17 April, 1798; d. 2 .July, 18i0. 

693 P:mix.y, b. 17 Jan., 1800; d. 14 Mar,, 1873; m, James Brown. 

Daniel Putnaji was a farmer on a very large scale in 
Brooklyn, Conn., and a man of much worth. lie was an 
earnest su[>poiler of the Protestant Episcopal church. 

V. 250 Peter Schuyler (Gen. Israel, Joseph, Thom- 
as, Joh.U), born in Pornfret, Conn., 31 Dec, 17fJ4 : died 
Sept., 1827; rnanied July, 178,!>, Lucy, daughter of \athan 

Fiink of Pornfret, counsellor at law, born ; died Oct., 


Children : 

694 John Vovy., b. lirookiyn, Conn., 9 May, 1786, 
69.5 Nathan, b. Brooklyn, 22 Aug., 1787. 

696 Pk-fkr ScifUYLKE, d. 18,v8, a;t. 69. 
097 (jLiVKii, h. ; d. Hit. a yrs. 


Peter Schuyler was landlord of the Mansion House 
at Williamstown. It was at his home in Pomfret that Gen. 
Israel Putnam lived during the last years of his life and died. 

V. 252 Jolin (^Samuel, Jo/m, JSTcdhaniel, John), born 

Salem Village, —,1715; died at Oswego, April, 17G2; 

married at Sudbury, 25 April, 1737, Sarah, eldest daughter 
of James and Mary Maverick of Sudl)uryJ^ At the time of 
his marriage John Putnam lived in Framingham. 

Children : 

698 Emzabeth, b. Sudbury, 18 Jan., 1738; d. num. " at middle age." 

699 Samuel, -\ . r 

700 James, j^^"'^' j d. in inf-incy. 

701 Jesse, b. Framingliam, 25 Mar., 17-13. In 1759 he was on tlie roll 

of a militia company in Sudbury. In 1835 his brotiier John 
gave tlie following account of him. " He went out in tlie French 
and Indian War, became entirely blind but was cared for and 
cured by the British surgeons, after which he remained in the 
British service. During the Revolution he held the commission 
of Ensign. At the close of the war he was in New Yorli and 
died there. He was buried with the honors of war." It is worth 
noting that this Jesse, with the exception of Hon. James Putnam, 
and his son James, is the only one of the name who has held 
commissions in the British service since 1775. 

702 John, b. Sudbury, 3 June, 1746. 

703 Nathan, b. Sudbury, 15 July, 1749. 

704 Enos,' b. Sudbury, 8 June, 1752. His brother John relates that 
Enos was bound out when a boy, but being ill-treated left his 
master and travelled almost naked, to his brother's in iVIarlboro, 
who clothed him, afterward went to Templeton, but left there 
and never heard from. 

705 Daniel, b. Sudbury, 27 Sept., 1755. Was at Concord, 19 April, 


706 Asa, b. Sudbury, 5 Sept., 1758. Served iu the Eevolutiou. 
707 Sarah, b. Sudbury, 25 Sept., 1761. 

'"James Maverick was married twice, first to Mary, the mother of his children, 
secondly to Lydia Sanderson, 28 April, 1743. His children were Sarah, m. as above. 
Mary, b. 4 Mar., 1720. Abigail, b. 4 June, 172.3; ni. 10 Aug., 174.-t, Moses Hill. James, b. 
4 Aug., 1729. Esther, b. 30 April. 1732. Silence, b. 16 April, 1735. Batlisheba. d. unm. 
Of these ch. tliose wliose dates of birlli are given are known to have been born In Sud- 
bury. All but the last married and had children. 


John Putnam was presented with a farm in Framingham 
by his father and had settled there. When his father was 
forced to surrender his property to his creditors, tliis farm of 
John's was also taken, he being unable to show title deeds. 
His home was on the south side of Green Hill about three 
quarters of a mile from that spot where WadsAVorth and his 
men were slain in 1676. 

It is said that the loss of his farm in this manner so dis- 
heartened him that he enlisted in the army during the last 
French and Indian war. He died in the service at Oswego 
in 1762. 

V. 253 Daniel {Samuel, John, Nathaniel, John), l)apt. 
in Salem Village, 11 Oct., 1719 ; died in Sudbury, 15 Dec, 
1753 ; married , Thankful . 

Children, born in Sudbury : 

708 Lucr, b. 13 May, 1748; d. y. 

709 Relief, b. 6 Nov., 1751; m. in Sudbury, 23 May, 1770, Ephraim 


Daniel Putnam received as a gift from his father a farm 
in Sudbury, and there he lived and died. He followed the 
trade of a shoemaker. 

Abstract from an ancient diary : " Dec. 15, 1753 died Mr. Daniel Putnam, 
of a voilant fever of which he lay sick a weeli. Has left behind one child 
and a widow who has been in a sorrowfuU condition for a considerable 
time. The Lord support her under this heavy bereavement and also do 
her soul good by it and bring her out of tlie distressed condition lake care 
of her and the child its father has forsaken. Taken away in the prime of 
life about 36 years old & being one of my nearest neighbors the call is 
louder both to me & mine to get ready." 

This same diarist notes the death of the father, Samuel 
Putnam, under date of Dec. 20. 

V. 258 Deacon Asa {Josiah, John, Nalhaniel, John), 
born in Danvers, 31 July, baptized 15 Aug., 1714; died in 
Danvers, 1795 ; married, first, in Salem, 30 Nov., 1738, Sarah 
Putnam, who died in Danvers, 25 Sept., 1762; married, 
second, at Danvers, 23 Aug., 1764, Mary Walcott. 


Children, born in Danvers, baptized at the North Parish : 

710 Sarah, b. 22 Oct., bapt. 28 Oct., 1739; d. Oct., 1781; m. 11 April, 
17G0, Jeremy, son of Ebeiiezeraud Hannah (SIiaw,uee Southvvick) 
Hutchinson, b. Salem Village, 29 June, 1738; d. 7 April, 1805. 
Tliey lived in Uanvers. Ch. b. there: Sarah, b. 12 Feb., 17G2 ; 
d. 14 July, 1815; m. 18 Oct., 1788, Jethro Eassell,jr. ; lived in 
Danville, Vt. Ebenezer, b. 10 July, 1764; d. Danville, Vt , 25 
Aug., 1849; m. 4 June, 1792, Anna Caves of Danvers. Bethiah, 
b. 8 Mar., 1766; d. 2 July, 1801. Mehitable, b. 10 Jan., 1708; d. 2 
Mar., 1835. Joseph, b. 9 April, 1770; d. 1 Jan., 1832; m. 9 Feb., 
1806, Phebe Upton of No. Reading; lived in Danvers. Hannah, 
b. 23 Mar., 1772; d. 9 April, 1813. 
711 Elisha, b. 16 Mar., 1741 ; bapt. 21 Mar., 1741-2, 

712 JosiAH, bapt. 11 Mar., 1743-4; d. 6 Oct., 1754. 

713 Asa, bapt. 27 May, 1750; d. 8 Oct., 1754. 

714 Peter, bapt. 18 Feb., 1753^ d. 8 Oct., 1754. 

715 Hannah, b. 9 Jan., 1755, bapt. 18 Jan., 1756; m. Benjamin 

Eussell. Ch. : Asa. Hannah. Betsey, b. 21 Jan., 1780; m. 5 May, 
1811, Levi, son of Joseph and Hannah (Fuller) Hutchinson of 

By second wife : 

716 Maky, b. 4 Aug., bapt. 11 Aug., 1765; m. Eufus Putnam. 

717 Elizabeth, b. 2 Feb., bapt. 8 Feb., 1767; m. Major Elijah Flint. 

Asa Putnam was a farmer in Danvers. He was a man of 
an inventive turn of mind and was much -respected for his 
Christian character and generous, kindly disposition. Mr. 
Putnam was always thoroughly acquainted with the results 
of investigations of the great minds of his day. He was a 
man to be guided by and any one could follow the dictates 
of his conscience. His life is aptly described by Dr. Wads- 
worth in the text delivered at his funeral " Mark the perfect 
man, and behold the upright for the end of that man is 

Deacon Asa was a man of small stature but athletic and 
vigorous power, both in mind and body, dark eyes which 
retained their lustre to the last, an expression conveying a 
mixture of firmness and ijentleness to those who met him. 

Corporal in Capt. John Putnam's Co., two days' service at 
Lexington Alarm. 


V. 259 Enos (Josiah, John, JSTatlianiel, John), born 

in Salem Village, 6 Oct., 1716; died there , 1780, will 

proved 2 Oct., 1780; married 5 May, 1774, Sarah Gold- 
thwaite. Not known to have had any children. 

Elected constable 19 Mar., 1767, Avhich seems to have 
been his only public office. His name is on the Danvers tax 
lists from 1752 to 1773, after which date the lists are missing. 
There was an Enos Putnam in Capt. John Putnam's Co., 
which marched to Lexington, April 19, 1775. 

V. 260 Josiah {Josiah, John, Nathaniel, John), born 
in Salem Village, 3 Mar., 1718-19; died in Warren, Mass., 
4 Feb., 1795; married 13 Jan., 1740, Lydia Wheeler of 
Brookfield, born 14 Aug., 1721 ; died (numb palsy) 25 
Mar., 1805, after a sickness of five years. 

Children : 

718 Asa, b. 10 Aug., 1743; d. 7 Sept., 1795. 

719 Lydia, b. ; d. May, 1810. 

720 Thankful, b. 6 May, 1747; drowned 7 Aug., 1814. 
721 Josiah, b. 8 June, 1749-50; d. 1 May, 1835. 

722 Ruth, b. 24 July, 1752; m. , Juda Daman. 

723 Mary, b., Western, 15 April, 1759; d. ; m. 23 Sept., 1777, Jeremiah 

Gould. Lived in Pomfret, N. Y. Ch. : Polly, b. 6 June, 1778. 
Jeremiah, b. 31 July, 1780, James, b. 2 Aug., 1782. Phares, b. 
20 Dec, 1787; m. Melina Osgood, only sister of Mrs. Harvey 
Putnam. Abram Putnam, b. 14 Aug., 1794. Lydia, b. 4 Mar., 
1797. Laura, b. 2 Mar., 1800. 

Josiah Putnam was a captain in Col. JedediahFoote's reg- 
iment. He was at Lexington on the 19th April, 1775, and 
among his men was his son Josiah. 

V. 270 Jolin'^^ {John, John, Nathaniel, John), horwrn 
Salem Village, 1720; died in Danvers; will made 29 June 
1786, proved 6 Nov., 1786; married, Salem, 4 Feb., 1741, 
Ruth Swinnerton. 

Children, all born and baptized in Salem Village : 

724 Nathan, b. 3 Nov., 1742, prob. d. before 1786. 

'^Meutioued in father's will, also "granddau. L3-dia," and wife Kuth. 


725 John," b. 10 Dec, 1743; bapt. 1 May, 1744. 

726 Daniel, b. 19 April, 1748; bapt. 24 April, 1748. 

727 James, b. 16 July, 1750; bapt. 5 Aug., 1750. 

728 Peter, b. 3 Oct., 1751; bapt. 5 Oct., 1755. 

729 Amos, b. 25 May, 1752; bapt. 7 June, 1752. 

V. 271 Doctor Amos {John, John, Nathaniel, John) , 
born in Snlem Village, Sept., 1722; died 26 July, 1807; 
married 18 ^lar., 1743, Hannah Phillips perhaps daughter of 
James Phillips of Danvers, who died 2 Oct., 1758, aged 
thirty-three; married, second, 13 Aug., 1759, Mary Gott of 
Wenham who died 15 Feb., 1803. 

Children, born and baptized in Salem Village : 

730 James Piiiixirs, b. 21 April, 1745; bapt. 28 April, 1745. 

731 Hannah, b. 18 Sept., 1749; bapt. 24 Sept., 1749; m. Nathan 


732 Elizabeth, b. 8 Mar., bapt. 18 Mar., 1753; d. s. p.; m. Nathaniel 

Oliver of Marblehead. 

Dr. Amos Putnam studied medicine under Dr. eTonathan 
Prince of Danvers, and practised in Danvers until the open- 
ing of the French and Indian War, when he entered the 
colonial service as surgeon. At the close of the war he 
returned to Danvers and practised until over eighty years of 

During the Revolution he Avas a member of the committee 
of safety, was often moderator at town meeting and held 
other positions of public concern. He was a firm and out- 
spoken patriot and one of the most influential citizens of the 

His grave, in a small enclosure near the Collins house, is 
marked by a plain stone w^ith the following inscription: 
" Sacred to the memory of Doct. Amos Putnam and Hannah 
Phillips the wife of A. P." 

During his life Dr. Putnam lived near Felton's corner, in 
the house afterward occupied by Daniel Tapley. A portrait 
painted, in 17G2 or thereabouts, is in the possession of the 

75 Probably the Ciipt. John Putnam who commanded a company at Lexington. He 
was constable in 1774 and held many oflicea before and alter the Revolution. 


Danvers FTistorical Society having been presented by Chai-les 
Putnam, Esq., of Cambridge, a descendant. This portrait 
represents a man with large chin, small mouth, blue eyes and 
a good intellect. 

The following obituary appeared in the Essex Register, 
printed at Salem, Mass., 3 Aug., 1807. 

We liave received the "following notice of the character of Dr. 
Amos Putnam, whose deatli, in Danvers, was mentioned in our 
last : — 

" He was born in Danvers, 11th Oct. 0. S. 1722. After having 
enjo3'ed tlie benefits then derivable from a common school, he 
commenced the study of Pliysic and Surgery with the late Dr. 
Prince, to the attachment of whose family he particularly recom- 
mended himself by tlie propriety of his conduct, and the uniform 
serenity of his disposition. In 1744, he applied to practice the 
rich acquisitions of his retentive mind, with that success which 
never attaches itself to superficial knowledge, and gained that ex- 
tensive reputation which invited his advice and assistance, in the 
most dangerous diseases, with undiminished confidence, for 56 
j'eais ; at which period an asthmatical disorder, which he had pre- 
viously experienced, began to corrode his strength with more 
superior force, though not sufficiently to counteract the energy' of 
medicinal application, or prevent him from the duties of liis pro- 
fession, untU 1805 ; when his age, united with his debilitating 
disorder, more obstinately prohibited his future usefulness in 
society. He was emulous in the principles, and unremitting in 
the practice of the religion he professed, and a retrospective view 
of his life, sanctioned by the approbation of his conscience, pro- 
duced that resignation to the will of his Maker, which mantled his 
mind in serenity. As a husband he never infringed the sacred 
state by an unfeeling word or angry frown ; as a father, tlie oliject 
of his fond exertion was to infuse into the minds of his children 
those virtues which shone with eminent lustre in his own ; and as a 
friend he was social, sincere, and innocently cheerful, was never 
known to slander the character even of an inveterate enem}', but 
with benevolence involved every injury in oblivion." 


V. 272 Deacon Edmund {John, John, Nathaniel, 
John), born in Salcm Village, 1724; biipt. 27 June, 1725; 
died there 1810; married Oct., 1745, Anna, daughter of 
Israel and Anna (Porter) Andrews, born in Danvers, 26 Dec, 

Children : 

733 HuLD.vH, b. 18 May, 1746; bapt. 3 May, 1747; m., Daiivers, G 
May, 17()G, Joseph, son of Peter and Hannah (Batch elder), 
Woodbury of Beverly, b. there 21 Sept., 1741; d. 5 Feb., 181fi. 
He m., 2d, 7 Mar., 1775, Abigail, dau. of John and Mary (Kim-' 
ball) Porter. Ch. : Nancy, b. 6 Dec, 1767; d. 23 July, 1823 ; 
m. 8 Oct., 1786, Nathaniel Pierce of Lexington. Huldah, b. 8 
Jan., 1771; m. 23 Jan., 1791 (Jolm or William), Fisl?*^' 

734 Andkew, b. 15 Jan., 1750; bapt. 27 Jan., 1750-1. 

735 Israel, b. 20^'^ Nov., 1754; d. ,1820; m. liis cousin Anna, 

dau. of Elias and Eunice (Andrews) Endicott. 

736 Sakaii, b. 19 Dec, 1756; d. Newport, N. H., ; m. as his 1st 

wife, Samuel, son of Sam'l and Mary (Putnam) Endicott, bapt. 14 
Dec, 1754; d Newport, N. H., April, 1840. He was a surgeon's 
mate in the Revolutionary army. Ch. : Sally, b. ; m. An- 
drew Bryant of Newport, N. H. 
737 E0JIUND, b. 15 Jan., 1772; bapt. North Parish, Danvers, 12 Feb., 

Edmund Putnam, in 1753, bought land of John Baker 
and removed to Topstield ; but in 1758 he. sold it to Rev. 
Jolm Emerson and returned to Danvers, buying there of 
Daniel Reaafarni of sixty acres. Here he occupied, until his 
death, what is known as the old Rea Putnam House, now the 
property and residence of Mr. Augustus Fowler. For a 
portion of his life, Edmund was a tailor as well as a farmer, 
and an old manuscript account book, still extant, shows how 
extensively he provided outfits for his neighbors or customers, 
in that line of business. In 1762, i^e was chosen deacon of 
the First Church, serving twenty-three years. After the death 
of Rev. Peter Clarke, the third minister, which occurred 
June 10, 1768, the parish was without a pastor for the space 
of four years or more. During this interval, its affairs were 

" According to CIuu-l. Records, bapt. at Topsfield, 17 Kov., 1751. 



entrusted to a committee of seven, consisting of John Nichols, 
Ciipt. Elisha Flint, Dr. Amos Putnam, Lieut. Archelaus 
Putnam, Dea. Asa Putnam, Dea. Edmund Putnam, and Dr. 
Samuel Hoi ton. It was at a time of serious troubles in the 
society al)out the settlement of a successor to Mr. Clarke, but 
the committee wisely and usefully discharged the duties 
which had been assigned to them. 

"Deacon Edmund," as he has usually been called, shared 
largely the patriotic spirit of the hour, as the outbreak of the 
Revolutionary war was drawing near. We copy the following 
fi-om Force's American Archives, Vol II : " At a meeting 
of the people of the Alarm List of the Third Company in 
Danvers, held in said Danvers the tjth of March, 1775, for 
the purpose of electing officers for said Alarm List Company, 
Rev. Benj. Balch, chairman; said people unanimously made 
choice of Dea. Edmund Putnam for Captain, Rev. Benjatuin 
Balch for Lieutenant, and Mr. Tarrant Putnam for Ensi^'u. 
The said gentlemen, being present, declared their acceptance. 
Attest, Arch. Dale, clerk of said meeting." Orators and au- 
thors, like Hon. Daniel P. King, Hon. Charles Hudson, and 
Mr. J. Wingate Thornton, have referred to this record as 
illustrative of the fact that ministers and deacons, as well as 
others, were ready for military service, at that momentous 

Deacon Edmund was now captain, and under that title he 
also commanded one of the eight Danvers companies which 
flew to encounter the British on the day of the Battle of 
Lexington, A[)ril 19, 1775. The company was a small one, 
gathered from the more sparsely settled district of the town 
to which its captain himself belonged. Like others of the 
number, it may have intiu'cepted and harassed the enemy in 
his hurried retreat on the way from West Cainbrid^'-e to 
Charlestown. All were alike paid for theii'two days' service, 
as the records at the State House attest. 

On the 11th of March, 1776, Cajjtain Putnam was chosen, 
by a unanimous vote, as selectman, and also as assessor of 


the town. At a meeting of the citizens of Dnnvers, held 
April 13, 1778, he was ap})ointed one of a committee of 
thirteen to consider and report u})on a form of government 
for the State of Massachusetts which had been adopted by 
the Geneial Court on the 28th of February of the same year, 
and was subject to the approval of the peo})le by a two-thirds 
vote. 'J'he other nicmbeis of the connnittee were Col. Israel 
Hutchinson, Mr. Archelaus Dale, Maj. Samuel E})es, Mr. 
Gideon Putnam, Capt. Jonathan Procter, Maj. Caleb Lowe, 
Mr. Ezra Upton, Mr. Stephen Needham, Capt. John Putnam, 
Capt. William Shillaber, Mr. Benjamin Procter and Mr. 
David Prince. They rei)oited, at an adjoui'ned meeting, 
adversely to the pioposed Constitution, and their action was 
ratified by the unanimous vote of those who were present. 
The objectionable dral't was defeated by an overwhehning 
majority of the people of the connnonwealth. The better 
form of Constitutional Government was adopted in 1780. 

Deacon, or Captain Putnam, was a man of laige frame and 
great physical strength. He was of strong mind ; was pos- 
sessed of nuich intelligence ; and was one who thought for 
himself and who was honest and free to form and express his 
opinions. Not the least interesting event in-his life was his 
conversion to Uiiiversalism. He has been claimed as the 
original adherent to that faith among the inhal)itiints of the 
town. His official and personal relations Avith the First 
Church ceased in 1785, and it was j)robably about that lime 
that he became unalterably confirmed in his belief of the 
new doctrine. Moreover, that was the year, when, at Oxfoid, 
Mass., the Universalists held their first convention and 
adopted their denominational title. In previous years, the 
celebrated Rev. John Murray, the founder of Universalism 
in America, had been sell led in Gloucester, and had earnestly 
and diligently proclaimed his views in the neighboring towns. 
" Deacon Edmund" could hardly have failed to become ac- 
quainted with his teachings, if, indeed, he was not on one or 
more occasions u hearer. At all events, he imbibed his 


tenets and was henceforth a stent advocate of them. His 
prominence and zeal in this matter are set forth in a few of 
the lines of the qnaint Ode written by Dr. Andrew Nichols 
for the Danvers Centennial Celebration, of June 16, 1852: 

" Still people would think, read their Bibles, embrace 
Other doctrines than those we have named; 
Deacon Edmund, with new-fangled views of God's grace, 
Universal Salvation proclaimed. 

It found little favor, his converts were few, 
When he with his forefathers slept ; 
Still the seed he had sown died not, the plant grew. 
Reproduced till it thousands accept." 

The officiating minister at his funeral was Rev. Edward 
Turner, who was then the pastor of the Universalist church 
in Salem. One who was present recalled to us, a half 
century later, the scripture words which Mr. Turner quoted 
on the occasion : "Thou shalt come to thy grave in a full 
age, like as a shock of corn cometh in his season." The inter- 
ment took place in the old burial ground at Danvers Plains. 

V. 277 Amos (Amos, John, Nathaniel, John), born in 
Salem Village, 1723 ; died in New Salem previous to 1797; 
married Lydia Trask of New Salem, born in Salem Village, 
1733; died in Houlton, Me., 8 April, 1820, aged 87, prob- 
ably daughter of John and Elizabeth Trask of the Middle 
Precinct now Peabody, baptized there 27 Nov., 1737. Mrs. 
Putnam's father died while serving under Wolfe at Quebec. 

Children : 

738 Hannah, b. 15 June, 1754; d. at New Salem; m. Varney Pearce 
of New Salem, one of the proprietors and early settlers of 
Houlton. Ch. : Lydia, m. Amos, son of Uzziel Putnam. Varney, 
m. a sister of Simeon Holden. Amos, b. New Salem ; d. at 
Houlton. Polly, m. Simeon Holden of New Salem. Sally, b. 
New Salem, June, 1791. Hannah, b. New Salem, 29 Nov., 1793; 
d. in Houlton, 18 April, 1878; m. 21 April, 1829, John Tenney.''' 
Melissa, b. . Abraham, b. New Salem, 1799; d. in Houl- 
ton, 5 Oct., 1850; m., 1st, 18 Feb., 1828, Polly Cook who d. 14 
Dec, 1828; 2d, 1 April, 1841, his sister-in-law Fanny Cook, who 
d. May, 1870. 

"Their son is Charles Pearce Tenney, Esq., a prominent anil influential citizen of 
Houlton and an enterprising merchant. 


739 Amos, b. 9 Sept., 1755; d. from exposure, while on the road to 
Lexhigtoii ill Apiil, 1775. He had started immediately upou the 
alarm being given. 
740 Jacob, b. New Salem, 2 Nov., 1758; d. there. 

741 Sarah, b. 1(3 July, 17G2; d. in Houlton, 8 Aug., 1843; m. prob. in 

1782, Joseph Houlton'^ of New Salem, and the founder of 
Houlton, Me. 

742 Aaron, b. 10 April, 17G7 ; d. y. 

743 Lydfa, b. New Salem, 24 Nov., 1770; d. in Houlton, Me., 7 Aug., 

1751; m., as his second wife, Jonas Wheeler, of Petersham, 
Mass. Ch.: Varney Pearce, b. 25 Oct., 1802; d. 12 May, 1812. 
Amos Putnam, b. 25 Feb., 1805; d. 28 April, 1812. James, b. 7 
May, d. 2 Aug., 1807. Cordelia, b. 21 Sept , 1809; d. New Salem; 
taught school at the South. Hannah Putnam, b. 12 Mar., 1813; 
d. 17 Jan., 1814. 

744 Samuel. '3 

745 Aaron, b. 19 July, 1773; d. in Houlton, 13 Feb., 1849. 

Amos Putnam piolKihly removed from Dunvers" to New 
Salem about the time of his father's death, as he inherited 
with his two eldest brothers, their father's lands in New. 
Salem. After his death his widow removed to Houlton, Me., 
where her sons and nephews had already gone to hold the 
Academy Gnint. 

The history of this grant shows the character of these brave 
New England people. 

In the year 1724, many inhabitants of Salem being "much 
straitened for land " prayed for a grant in the western part 
of the Province. This petition was allowed with the condi- 
tions that one lot should l)e reserved for the first settled 
minister, one for the ministry, and one for a school. Elach 
grantee was required to give a bond for twenty-five pounds to 
be on the spot, have a house seven feet stud and eighteen feet 
square at least, seven acres of English hay ready to be mowed, 
help to build a meeting house and settle a minister within 
five 3^ears. 

One of the Danvers Holtons led the party who settled 
New Salem, which was incorporated in 1753. The New 

■"^ See Houlton Genealogy by Eben Putnam. 

"Not mentioned by Francis Barnes, Esq., of Houlton, Me., to whom I am deeply in- 
•debted for the larger part of the Houlton family records. — E. P. 


Salem Academy was incorporated in 1795, and two years 
later, in response to a petition, a township was granted to the 
Academy, in the Maine District. In consequence of the de- 
preciation of hind at this time tiie Academy wa« not benefited 
by this grant as had been anticipated, and much disappoint- 
ment ensued. At this juncture, rather than that the Academy 
should be given up, members of the Putnam and Holton 
families came forward, mortgaged their farms in New Salem, 
which had hy that time attained a good vaUie, and bouglit 
the Maine lands with the money so received, thus supplying 
the Academy with funds, tiiey themselves going into the 
wilderness to make new homes. 

The pioneers of Houlton started in wagons to Boston, 
thence in a coasting vessel to St. John, N. B., thence up the 
river by slooi)s to Fredericton, thence by barges and canoes 
to Woodstock and then struck through the forest and reached 
their location. Even horses, at a much later date, coukl not 
penetrate the woods foi- the whole distance. This settlement 
is now the most prosperous town in northern Maine, and is 
the shire town of Aroostook. Jn and about Houlton are 
settled many families of Putnams all of whom have been 
much respected and honored by their townspeople. Francis 
Barnes, Esq., of that town, himself connected with the fam- 
ily, and a painstaking antiquarian, has written and collected 
much pertaining to Houlton and its early settlers. 

He writes that Mrs. Putnam, the widow of Amos, was of 
an extremely generous nature, very courageous and most 
highly esteemed ; in the "cold years" of 1816-17 she was the 
means. of sustaining many a starving family. She would ride 
forth with her saddle bags filled with food and medicine and 
visit the less fortunate families during the most inclement 
weather, notwithstanding the fact she was of slight frame. 
Her death was widely lamented, for her great charity had 
reached the entire community. 

Amos Putnam is probably the one of that name from 'New 
Salem, who was in the American army during the siege of 


V. 278 Joshua (Amos, Jo/tn, J^athamel, Jo/ni), l-tovn 
in Saleiii Villnge, 1733 (nccordiiig- to fMiuily tinditioii, 

l).'i[)tizcd 1732) ; died in New Salem, : married 

, Eunice Tra;<k, the si^ler of JMrs. Lydia Putnam, 

(No. 227). 

Cliildreii, l)oiii in New Salem: 

746 JoHx. 
747 EiKiCE, b. 15 May, 17GC>; d. in Honlton, Me., 11 Aug., 1837; m. 
in New Salem, 10 Dtc, 17:-i5, l)ea. Saninel, son of Samuel and 
Ann Kendall of New Salem, b. there 29 Dec, 1748, d. in Honl- 
ton, 18 April, 1835. Ch. b. in New Salem: Samnel, b. 16 Mar., 
1787; d. in New Salem, 9 Nov., 1795. Joslma Green, b. 15 April, 
1789; d. in Honlton, 16 Oct., 1841. Catherine, b. 24 Aug., 1791; 
d. in New Salem, 2 Sept., 1791. Eniiice, b. 30 Dec, 1792; d. 
in New Salem, 10 Mar., 1793. Samuel, b. 3 April, 1794; d in 
Fredericton, N. B., 3 April, 1828 Joseph, b. 6 May, 1796; d. iu 
Honlton, 2& Oct., 1872; m. 1 Sept., 1835, Hannah H North, of 
Bangor, Me. Lucy, b. 26 Jan., 1799; d. in New Salera, 18 May, 
1800. John, b. 20 Jan., 1801; d. in New Salem, 20 Jan., 1801. 
Sally, b. 27 Jan., 1802; d. in Honlton, 23 April, 1843; m. 22 Jan., 
1820, Samuel Honlton, of Houlton Elizabeth, b 28 May, 1805;. 
d. in Houlton, 13 June, 1875; m. there, 22 Mar., 1S47, Leonard 
Pierce*" of Houlton. Nancy, b. 24 July, 1808; m. in Houlion, 15 
July, 1844, Sanwel W. Bennett. 

748 Joshua, b. 8 Feb., 1772; d. 14 June, 1835. 

749 Elizabeth, b. ; d. Denny»ville, Me. ; m. iu Ncav Salem, Dr. 

Samuel Hfce, as his- second wife. The first wife of Dr. Hice 
was. a Woodman of New Salem, by whom he had iwo ch., a so'm 
Woodman, and a dau. Delia, s.till (1891) living near Woodstock. 
Dr. l\ice Ixmght oul one of the proprietors of Houlton and moved 
there fi om New Salem in 1811, in company with Jos-hua Putnam. 
At fli St he built himself a log-hut. ' For nine years he was the 
only physician iu town and was highly res-pected. Later he 
removed to Woodstock. The last years of his life were spent 
with Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln. Ch. of Samuel and Elizabeth 
(Putnam) Rice were, Elizabeth, for many years governess in the 
family of Judge Theodoi'e Lincoln of Dennysville, m. his son 
Bellah Lincoln, a gi-andson of Gen. Benjamin liincoln of Revolu- 
tionary fame. They had six children : Charles^ Darwin, m. Jane 
Cronkhite of Eel River Settlement, and d. at Eastport, Me., in 
1853. He was a physician of m'nch ability. Mrs. Rice died 14 

^'Leonard Pierce was b. in Dorcliester, Mas.'?., i.Iune, 179:j; d. in Houlton, Ale., I 
Dec , 1773. His wife was Mary Prince, wlio wis b. in Ne\vl>iiryi>ort,, ISIass. Alter 
lier death lie ni. lier si.-^ter Ann Lanra. By his ttiird wife, Elizalxali Kendall, he ha^ 
one son, Clarence, h. il Feb., 1S48, wlio m., 2.i Aug., I881, t'nincrrf E. .Madigan o.f lloui- 
ton. Mr. Pierce is »rthe lirui ol' A. H. Fogg & Co,, HouUon, TSW. 


Dec, 1890, at Woodstock. Samuel Dwiglit, entered the Methodist 
church at an early age, became a bishop and lived and died at 
Hamilton, Ontario, leaving quite a large family. Mary, removed 
to Massachusetts where her cousin Franklin Putnam foUovred 
and married her. They removed to Minneapolis, Minn. 

V. 279 Deacon Uzziel (Amos, Jo/m, JSTathaniel, John) , 
born ill Salem Villiige, 1735; died in New Salem ; married 
Gun son. 

Uzziel Putnam was a deacon in the Cono^reo-ationalist 
church in New Salem. 

Children, born in New Salem : 
750 Daniel. 








Mary, b. 

m. Deacon Shaw of New Salem. Cli. : Hannah, 
m. James Lander in Houlton. Putnam, m. Julia Stacy of New 
Salem, and d. in Hodgdon, Me. Putnam Shaw was l)rought up in 
the family of John Putnam, son of Joshua Putuam, and was a 
man of considerable imporiauce. 

V. 280 Deacon Daniel (Amos, John, JSTathaniel, 

John), born in Salem Village, ; died in Danvers, 13 

Nov., 1801; married in Danvers, 27 .Mar., 1760, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Samuel Putnam. 

Children, born in Danvers : 

75.5 Elizabeth, b. 26 Feb., 1761. 

756 Daniel, b. 3 Oct., 1762. 

757 Hannah, b. 16 Mar., 1765. 

758 Phebe, b. 26 Jan., 1767. 

759 Samuel, b. 23 May, 1769. 
760 Amos, b. 11 Oct., 1778. 

Daniel Putnam inherited his father's Danvers and Mid- 
dleton property. He was a deacon in the North Church at 
Danvers, and marched to Lexington upon the Alarm, as 
lieutenant in the company of Capt. Samuel Flint. In 1777, 
he was on the Committee of Correspondence. 

"V. 283 Jacob {Nathaniel, Benjamin, JSTathaniel, John)^ 
born in Salem Village, 9 Mar., 1711 ; died in Wilton, N. il., 


10 Vvh., 17S1; niMnicd m1 Snlcin, ,)iily, \1'.\^), Siis;inii:i 
IliuriiiiMii (sivh'd IloniiiMii on SmIcui llcconls) of Danvci-s ; 
iiinniod, second, kSusjinna Stylos, wlio died 27 Jan., 177(5 ; 
mjiiiiod, third, Patience, mentioned in his will proved 28 
Feb., 17111. 
Children r'*' 

7G1 Sarah, h. in Snlom \'ill;\,ii<', 'JS .liiiic. IT;!!'.; dicil in Willoii ; in. 
Joiui. Ciiun ol' Wilton. Cli. : .Siiiiili, I). LM Fol).. i7(!<>. ,lon!itli:in, 
b. Nov., 17(;4. rhilip, h. '2i Fi-b., ITCG; il. nnni. 7 Jan., ls;!2. 
Snsiinna h. L'7 .Inn., ]U\\); ni. Abiil liricljien. Maiv, i). L'7 .Inn., 
17(;!); m. \M .Iniio. 17!M, Jo.'ieiih Gajie. ]\ltlii(!il)k', b. 14 ,hilv, 
177L>; (1. num. 7 Oct., ^M2. Zt-iviali, b. L>0 Sept., 1775 ; il. 10 
Feb., 1851); ni. L'l Feb., 17it!t, ])avi(l Caiiton. 
762 Nathaniki,, b. in Salem Viliaiie, 24 April, 17;?8. 
7(;;{ I'lnLU', b. in Salem Village, 4, bapt. !) Mar., 17;50-40; d. y. 

764 SiKriiivN. b. in Sahm Villai;e. 24 Sept., ba()l. 18 Oct., 1741. ]{o- 

nioved to K'linilord, Me., and became the ronnih'f ol the IJumloixl 
family of rntnani. 

765 riiii.ii'. b. in Wilton, N. 11., Mar., 1742; d. tlieie 10 Oct., 1810. 

766 .losKPU, b. in Wilton, N. II., 28 Feb., 1744. 

7('>7 J\Ii.-.iin'.\ni,ic, b. ill Wilton, N. H., 25 Dec, 1745; d. in Wilton, 20 
.Ian., 1800; m. Daniel Holt. 

768 .lACOH, b. in Wilton, N. II., 15 Nov., 1747; d. 2 .Time, 1821. 

769 Akciiki-acs, b. 15 Oct., 174!); d. 22 Oct., 181(5. 

770 (.', 1). 20 Mav., 1751; d. in the unuy, one aceonnt says 177(!; 

another " before Ticonderoga." 

771 Ei.i/.AUKTii, b 15 .Vpril, 175.'?; in. 2('> Nov., 1778, .lacob Hardy of 

Alexandria, removetl to lly(\<.' I'aiU, Vi., and brought np a huge 

772 rKTiou, b. 8 .bill., I75(); d. ;5 .Tnly, 177(!, while serving in the army 

during tln^ 'rieonderoga i'ain|)aign. 

Jacob Putnam was a j)ioneer of Salem, C'tmada, now 
AVilton, N. II. It is stated that he was (here in 17;)<S. It 
is known thtit in flune, 17li!), Kiihraim and ,I:icoI) Putnam and 
John Dale, all of Dtinvers, made the first permanent settle- 
ment in Wilton, and (1881)), the remains of a cellar nearly 
o[)[)osite ]\lichael McCarthy's barn, mark his honse site. 
This honse was two stories in front and one in tin* back. For 
throe years the wife of Jacob Pntnam was the only woman 
who resided i)ermanently in town. During one winter, such 

"'Tlie History of Wilton varies a few ilays on some of llie dales of l)irlh (ir<liildieii. 


^\('vc llic <l('ptl) of snow and (IIsImmcc! from neifrhl)ors lliat she 
saw no ()n(M)iilsi(lc licr iinnicdialf! (aniily, (or six months. \\\ 
18w'J, it jjait of Jacol)'.s I'ai'ni was in the possession of (Jal<;l) 
Putnam, his grandson. P^phraiin Putnam, mentioned above, 
lemoved to Lyndeborongh shortly after the settlement of 
Wilton. ]>oth of these towns were cut ont from what was 
originally Salem, Canada. It is said that Uia brothers Jacob, 
Kphraim and Xathanicd were all early at Wilton, and finding 
the Indians ti-onblesome, i-etiirned to Dan vers, thcMi a second 
time settled at Wilton and Lyndeborongh. 

Salem, Canada, was a grant of land to soldiei-s nnd(!r Sir 
William Phips in the Canada Expedition of KJltO, and was 
made in 1735. 

Jacob Putnam was a man of great industry and at one 
time operated a saw mill, besides his farm. Jn his old age he 
employed himself in making cans. 

The reader is referred to History of Wilton, N. II., His- 
tory of Lyndeborongh, N. II. (in pieparation), and Peabody's 
Centennial Address at Wilton, 18)^1), (or many interesting 
anecdotes concei-Jiing the Putnams and aliiiMl families. 

V. 286 Archelaus (JSIalhaniel, Bprtjamw, NalhanieU 
John), born in Salem Village, 29 May, 1718; (IIcmI in Danvers. 
Administration on estate gianted to widow Alehetable, 25 
Oct., 1756 (elsewhere it is stated that he died in 1751)) ; 
married 12 April, 1739, Mehetjd)le, daughter of Caleb and 
Silence (Phillips) Putnam, i>orn in Danvers, 6 Nov., 1723. 
The widow married, secondly. Col. Israel, son of Elisha and 
Genger (Porter) IIii((;hinson, of Danvers, baptized 12 Nov., 
1727; died 15 Mar., 1811. Col. Hutchinson was a veteran 
of the Fiench and Indian W^-irs, and of the Revolution. For 
twenty-one years he repiesejited Djinvers in the General 
Couit. Col. Hutchinson was the father of several children by 
his first wife, Anna Cue; by Mehetable he had on(j son, 
Israel, born in Daiivei'S, 27 Sept., 1700; married, first, 
Susan Trask, 15 Dec, 1785; married, second, 18 July, 
1795, Eunice Putnam, born in Danvers, 3 Jan., 1706. 


Cliildren, born in Dunvers : 
773 A DAUGKTKR, b. 25 Oct., 1731) (family bible). 
774 Archei.aus, b. 6 Nov., 1740; bapt. 23 Nov. 
775 Meiiiiabi.k, b. 11 Nov., 1742; bapt. U Nov. 

776 Ei'HHAiM, h. 14 Sept., bapt. 30 Sept., 1744. 

777 Nathaniel, b. 17 May, 1746 ; bapt. 18 May. 

778 Mahy, b. 13 Mar., 1747-8. 

779 Jacob, b. 21 Nov., 1749; bapt. 26 Nov., guardianship to Edmond 

Putnam, 2 Jan., 17G9. 

780 Saiai. (s(m), b. 21 Nov., 1749. 

781 Phebe, b. 27 Nov., bapt. 1 Dec, 1751. 

782 Caleb, b. ; bapt. 22 July, 1753. 

783 Sarah, b. 14 Sept., 1755; bapt. 21 Sept., 1755; d. 19 Nov., 1847; 

m. 4 Mar., 1773, Samuel, son of Joseph and Mary (Prince) 
Fowler, b. Ipswich. 9 Jan., 1748-9; d. Danvers, 20 April, 1813. 
Samuel Fowler settled at New Mills, Danvers. He was a 
member of Capt. Jeremiah Paige's company, which marched to 
Lexington, 19 April, 1775. Sarah (Pntnam) Fowler, was the 
first white child born at Danversport. She was considered a 
very handsome woman, having a snoAvy complexion and bright 
darli eyes. Ch. John, b. 13 Aug., 1774; d. 21 Aug., 1774. Samuel 
b. 15 Sept., 1776: m. Clarissa Page. John, b. 15 Sept., 1778; m. 
Martha Page. Jacob, b. 13 Sept., 1781; d. 1 Dec, 1782. Sarah, 
b. 14 Oct , 1783; m. Eobert H. Stimpson. Mary, b. 9 Jan., 1787; 
m. John Page. 

Ill the sprliiir of 1754, Deacon Archelans Putnam moved 
.a l)uil(lin£j which h:id been used as a shop," from his father's 
farm, now known as the "Judge Pntiiam fdrm " on Meeting 
House Lane, down Crane river, liy floating it from the 
upper mill pond near his father's honse, to the bank of the 
river, at what is now Danversport. The building was landed 
near where the dei)ot now stands and taken to a spot south 
of what is now Warren's store. This was converted into a 
dwelling and here his daughter Sarah was born. (Fowler 

This settlement at New Mills was, in 1772, incorporated 
into a separate Highway District, there having been much 
feeling, provoked by the action of the settlers at the Port in 
l)uikling roads and bridges. The thickets were so dense 
formerly at the Port that once Mrs. Putnam became lost in 
making her way from the mill to the house. 

Here were; established irrist and chocolate mills 1)V 


Archel.'uis Piitiiani, and h}' Archelaus Piitiuim Jiiid others, a 
saw mill. 

Archehms Putnam was chosen Deacon of the First church 
26 Jan., 1756. 

V. 287 Deacon Ephraim (NatJiamel, Benjamin, 
JSfa(//ani&I, John), horn in Salem Vilhige, 10 Feb., 1719-20; 
died in Lyndeborough, N. H., 13 Nov., 1777 ; married Saiah 
Cram of Reading (i>erhaps Wilmington), Mass., daughter 
of Jacob Ciam, who is said to have been the first settler 
hi Lyndeborough ; died 15 Oct., 1777, aged fifty-nine years 

Children : 

784 Hannah, b. Lj-ndeborongh, 20 Feb., 1743, said to be the first "white 
child born in Lyndt- borougli ; m. Eleazer WoodAvard. Slie had 
live sons and five daughters ; one of tlie latter m. Aaron Wood- 
ward, Esq. 
785 Ephuaim, b. (in Salem Village ?), 15 June, 1744. 

786 Sarah, b. 8 June, 1746; m. John Bradford. They had four sons 

and three daughters. 

787 Hui.DAii, b. 15 May, 1748; d. 1778; m. Jonas Kidder ; three sons 

and one daughter. 

788 Jkssk, b. in Lyndeborough, 21 Sept., 1750. 

789 David, b. in Lyndeborougli, 6 Mar., 1753; d. 1820. 

790 Keturah or Katiiakink, b. 29 June, 1756; m. John Smith. They 
had five sons and four daughters. 

791 A.AHON, b. in Lyndeborough. 

792 John, b. in Lyndeborough. 

793 liEBECCA, b. ; m. Ward Woodward. They had four sons 

and three daughters. 

The home of Deacon Ephraim was destroyed by fii-e a 
short time after his death (it was then occupied by one of his 
sons) and at that time the family lecords were destroyed. 
The children wei-e all baptized by Rev. Mr. Wilkins, of 
Amherst, and births recorded by Jacol) Welhiian, society 

Ephraim Putnam was an early settler in Salem, Canada. 
He settled tirst in what is now Wilton near the intersection of 
roads ner.r the North Cemetery, but later removed to Lynde- 


boi-ongh. The ijan-isoM liouse was near his home and ho had 
charge of it. It is t^aid that the three early settlers of Lynde- 
horouah, each living on a l)ill, would each nioining signal 
the others if all was well. We can imagine the anxiety with 
which each watched for the return signal of the others. JNIrs. 
Hartshorne, of Lyndel)orough, a descendant, wi'ites "The 
family of Ephraim Putnam had dark eyes and black hair ; 
they were an honest, conscientious and God-fearing family, 
and these characteristics are noticeable in the families imme- 
diately desceuded from him. The older families were rather 
above medium height and thickset. Their descendants now 
living are about medium size." 

In 1834, Daniel ]*iitnani of Lyndeborough, who supj^lied 
Col. Perley Putnam with much information concerning his 
branch of the family, wrote "There are living in the town of 
Lyndeborough twenty-six male descendants of Ephraim Put- 
nam including his son Aaron. Up to the present date there 
have been three 'Deacon' Putnams and six ' Ca[)tain ' Put- 
nams in Lyndeborough." 

AVhile the early settlers of Wilton and Lyndeborough seem 
to have feared the Indians great U% and even in 1744 petitioned 
Gov. Wentworth for soldiers to protect them, they seem 
never to have been molested. The petition of 1744 is signed 
by Ephraim Putnam and several of the Crams; in it they 
state they are but recently come into the province. 

None of the Wilton or Lyndeborough Putnam families are 
known to have supplied men for the Erench and Indian 

V. 289 Nathaniel (JSTalhaniel, Benjamin, Nathaniel, 
Jo/ni), b(»rn in Salem Village, 28 May, 1724; died July, 
17()o, in the vicinity of Dunstable, while on his way home from 
a trip East. His sudden death was caused by driidving cold 
water; married in Middlcton, (JEeb., 1744, Abigail Wilkins. 

Children : 

794 Mauy, b. in Salfin Village, 24 July, 1744; d. miin. 


795 Sarah, b. in Salem Village, 24 April, 1747 ; d. y. 

796 Francis, b. in Salem Villao-e, 24 Oct., 1748, bapt. there 6 Nov., 

174.S. Enrolled 23 April, 1775, from Wilton, as second sergeant of 
Capt. "Walker's company, and was present at the battle of Bunker 
Hill. About 1779, or 1780, he removed from Wilton to Cherry 
Valley, N. Y. 

797 Abigail, b. in Salem Village, 24 Sept., 174(); m. Scripture; 

settled in Cherry Valley. 

798 Meuktable, b. in Wilton, 1750; m. 'riionias Lewis of Wilton, b. 

21 Mar., 1758. 

799 Raciikl, b. in Wilton, 12 April, 1751 ; m. Timothy Carlton, who 

was killed, 7 Sept., 1773, by the falling of the meeting-house at 
Wilton; m. , 2nd, her cousin Jesse {Ephraim) Putnam of Lynde 
borough, and settled first in Guildford, Vt., then in Buffalo, 
N. Y. 

800 Miriam, b. in Wilton, 10 May, 1758; m. Isaac Peabody, jr., of 


801 Susanna, b. in Wilton, ; m. Israel Jones, settled in Halifax, 

N. Y. 

802 Sarah, b. in Wilton, 20 April, 1755; m. Enoch, probably son of 

Amos and Hannah (Putnam) Fuller, of Wilton, Avho died before 
1835. Ch. : Amos, b. 27 April, 1780. Sally, b. 5 Nov., 1781 ; m. 
Peter Putnam of Andover, Vt. Benjamin, b. 1 Sept., 1783; m. 
11 Oct., 1804, Naomi Burton; lived in Andover, Vt. Daniel, b. 
20 Sept., 1785; d. in Wilton, 3 Oct., 1858; m. 1810, Betsey 
Burnham. James, b. 2G June, 1787. Frederic, b. 15 Mar., 1790. 
Mary Putnam, b. 5 July, 1794. Enoch, b. 5 Aug., 179G. Mrs. 
Fuller d. in Andover, Vt., subsequent to 1835. 

803 Daniki., b. in Wilton, 27 Feb., 17G0; d. unm. 

804 Benjamin, b. in Wilton, 9 Mar., 1762; d. unm. Mariner. 

NathaniI'^l Putnam was in AVilton early; but, on the 
breaking out of the Indian troubles, returned to Danvers. 
About 1750, he returned to Wilton and settled upon what is 
now known as the Batchelder place. 

V. 292 Deacon Tarrant {Tarrant, Benjamin, JSFa- 
thaniel, John), born in Salem Village, 3 April, 1716; died 
in Sutton, 27 Aug., 1794; married i) Dec., 1742, Priscilla 
Baker of Topsfield who died in Sutton, 16 Mar., 1812, aged 

Children, l)orn in Sutton : 

805 TARRANr, b. 24 April, 1744; d. 17 Dec, 1770. 

806 Molly, b. 18 July. 1745; d. 24 Mar., 1763. 


807 Elijah, b. 2;5,lan., n-lC; d. s. p., 14 Apiil, 1787. 11. C. 17GG. 

808 EuzAiJKTii, b. 30 May, 1749; m. 2 Mav., 1773, Abraham Brown of 

Sutton. No issue. 

809 ria.-^ciiJ.A, b. 22 Aug., 1751; m. 3 Dec, 1772, Adam Brown. 

810 Sarah, b. 4 Aug., 17.")3; m. 21 June, 1775, Timothy Mcriiam. 

811 Mautha, b. 15 July, 1755; m. Merriam, dec. prev. 1794, 

leaving ch. : John, Tarrant rutnam, Sanuiel, Martha, of 

812 Kebecca, b. 5 May, 1759; d. unm. 13 Mar., 179(5. 

813 Lydia, b. 27 July, 1701 ; d. unm. 8 Sept. 1787. 

814 Molly, b. 15 Nov., 17(13; m. Williams. 

815 ISKAKL, b. 22 May, 17G7. 

Deacon Takuant Putnaim went tVoni Dan vers to Sutton, 
and was admitted to the chureli at Sutton by letter from the 
Danvors church, 1747. 

He owned a large tract of hind in Sutton, emhracing what 
are now the poor farms, and the John Rich, and Brigham 
farms. He left all his real estate to his sou Isra(d. 

When in 1775, Gen. Israel Putnam rode through Sutton 
on his way to Bunker Hill, he stopped at the Deacon's and 
had dinner there. The flag stone from which he mounted his 
horse is still shown. 

V. 296 Gideon {Tarrant, Bevjamin, Nallianiel, John), 
born in Salem Village, 29 May, 172t) ; died 17 May, 1811; 
married 4 June, 1752, Hannah, daughter of Abraham and 
Jerusha (Raymond) Browne of Beverly, who died 6 Nov., 
1813, aged eight y-one. 

Children, born in Danvers : 

81(! Hannah, b. 1 May, 1753; d. 24 Nov., 1773. 

817 Gn)EON, b. 19 Sept., 1756; d. 19 Dec., 1773. 

818 Solomon, h. 24 May, 1759; d. 19 July, 1759. 

819 Anna, b. 12 April, 17G1 ; d. 2 May, 17G1. 

820 Ahraham, b. 16 Dec, 1762; d. 25 July, 1782. 

821 Jonathan, b. 12 Feb., 1765; d. 24 April, 1765. 

822 Elizaheih, b. 24 Oct., 1766; d. 25 Feb., 17G7. 
823 Samuel, b. 13 May, 17G8. 

824 Elijah, b. 26 Feb., 1771; d. 25 Mar., 1771. 

825 Uannah, b. 29 Jan., 1774; d. 29 Aug., 1795. 


Gideon Putnam wji.s a store keeper^^ at Danvers, and was 
rnoie or less influential in town affairs previous to the Revo- 
lution, hut he hecanic still more so after the stru<^gle eoni- 
nieneed. In 1772, he was one of a eonjinittee of three to see 
about taUin": some action concernii)<jr the civil ri<rlits of the 
town. Jn 1 780, however, he was pi'oved to li:i ve sold cheese at 
a hiizher price than that fixed by law, as the following abstract 
from the Town Records shows: "The town taking into con- 
sidei'Mtion the conduct of Gideon Putnam — Voted, Mr. 
Gideon Putnam has violated the Resolves of the convention 
at Concord l)y selling cheese for nine shillings pr. pound as 
by evidence fully appealed. Voted, Mr. Gideon Putnam be 
reported in one of the Pul)lic Papers of this State for Breaking 
one of the Resolves." The above action was taken at a town 
meeting, held Sept. 13, 1779, over which Dca. JvJmund 
Putn.un was moderator. 

However, this backsliding on his part seems not to h;ive 
affected his po[jnlarity as he was constantly moderator of the 
town meetings and held many other imi)ortant (jfiices in 
the gift of the town. 

On the 28th of April, 1785, he was chosen deacon by the 
First churcli. 

He was a man of good ability and impartial judgment. 

V, 297 Israel {Tarrant, Benjamin, NatJianiel, John), 
born in Salem Vilhige, 24 Sept., 1730; died (drowned near 
Baker's Island) 5 Nov., 175G ; married 20 June, 1754, Betty 
Dale, who married, second, Archelaus*^ Fuller, of Middleton. 
She retmned an inventoiy of Israel Putnam's estate as Betty 
Fuller, 28 May, 1770. - 

Children : 

8l!6 Iskap:l, b. 1.5 April, 1755; d. in Salem, 1774; at first lie was called 
" Solonioii " but afterward christened, Israel; m. I'oUy Sliays. 

*2 He 18 6tyleil joyner in partition of his lathei-'ri cHtate, 1747. 

"^Ch. oC Archelaurt and Betty (Dale) Fuller: Betty, 1). Feb., 17(;0. Sarah, b. 17 Feb., 
ITOi; m. Eleazer I'litnani (No. 400;. Maiy, b. Jan., 1764. Beiijami", b. 13 Sept., 17U7; 
Daniel, b. 14 Nov., 1770-1. Archelaub Fuller d. 25 Aug., 1770. 


V. 301 Benjamin {Boijamia, Benjamin, Nafhaniel, 
John), born in S.iletu VillMUfO, 12 Oct., 1718; diod in Djiu- 
vers, 2(5 April, 179(); nuinicd '2H July, 1741, Sarah Piitiiani, 
who died in Daiivcrs, iihout 1793, aged uhoiit seventy years. 

Children, born in Danvers : 

827 KiCN.iAMiN, I). 29 Auii- , 1742; d. 2fi May, 1747. 

828 Sakaii, b. 17 May, 1745; d. 10 Sept., 1700. 

82i) BK.TiriAii, 1). 10 Sept., 174S; d. 10 Mar., 1815; m. G Aul;., 1700, 
Williani riitnani, junior. 

830 EuNieK, 1). ;'>1 July, 1751 ; d. 2G Jan., 1755. 

831 IUjtii, b. 20 June, 1752; d. 20 Oct., 1773; ni. 28 Nov., 1771, 

Francis Perley of Beverly. 
832 BicN.iAMiN, b. 28 April, 1756; d. t) July, 1812. Inherited his father's 
real estate. 

Benjamin Putnam was elected to a minor office u[)on the 
organization of the town of Danvers in 1752, i. e., that ot" 
fence viewer. He was aflerwaid, iiayward, surveyor of 
highway, ward(Mi, etc., but l)etween 1755 and 17(58, he held 
no office. In 1771 lie was tithinirman. 

He was a sergeant in Cai)t. Edmund Putnam's company. 
His son Benjamin was a [)rivate in Capt. Jeremiah Page's 
company. Both marched to Lexington 19 April, 1775. 

In 1782, a return was re(]uii'(Ml for purpoi;es of taxation, of 
coaches, chariots, phaetons, chaises, and riding chairs. There 
were returned for Danvers, eighteen fall-back chaises, and 
twenty-two standing top chaises; of thes(^ Benjamin Putnam 
owned one, Aaron Putnam one, Col. Enoch Putnam, Esquire, 
one, Nathaniel Putnam one, Archelaus Putnam one, Phineas 
Putnam one. 

In 1787 in company with Nathan Putnam he was on the 
committee to regidate schools for the winter. 

Benjamin and Sarah Putnam joined tlu^ Congregationalist 
chni-ch at Danvers, 29 Nov., 1741. From an old diary 
quoted by Rev. A. P. Putnam in his letters to the Danvers 
]\Iirror occurs the following "The mourners followed the 
cori)se in the followiug ordtn-, Capt. Benjamin Putnam and 
mother; Mr. William Putnam and wife; Capl. Porter and 


wife; Mr. Eben Piitiiiiiii mikI (Japt. I^iitiiam's wife; Mr. 
Joseph Porter jmir. :um1 wile, Stephen Piitiiatn jiiiir., liiithy 
uixl Miii.'ini Putiium, S(!th aiid liiMijainin, aii<l Sarah Tliomas. 
Tlie j)ull hearers were Dea. G. Piitiiain, Dcmi. Kdward 
Ptituaiii, Col. Pao-e, (Jo). Iliitc-hiiisoii, Mr. Archelaiis K'cia and 
Benjamin Portei"." 

V. 311 Timothy {Stephen, Jienjamin, JSfathcndd, John), 
horn in Salem Village;, 10 Jan., 172.'); died 17f)(), will dafed 
4 Aug., IToO; pioved 4 July, 17.57; marricMl 17.5.'>, Kli/ahc(h 
( Putnam, widow of Calel) Putnam ; sIk; married, third, 
previous to 1759, Kiehaid l'|)ha5ii, of Reading, and moved to 
Novu Scotia. 

Childi'en : 

833 Ti.MOTiiv, b. , 1750, jiftcr his fullior'H tleatli ; Inipt. U Nov., 


Timothy Putnam^^ joincMl the chureh 27 April, \lh^^ ; this 
was [)rol)al)ly about th(; time In; married. He had held a lew 
minor town offices i)revious to 17.55. On 8 Maieh, 175(j, h<! 
was eleetcd tythingman. 

Various Dnnvers historians liave stated that Timothy was 
a Tory, probably because his descendants are now resident 
in Nova Scotia. Such could not be the case as he died in 
175(5; his father's will made; in 17(59 does not mention him. 
His widow had formerly Ixicn wife of (jaleb Putnam and by 
him had three sons. After the death of Timothy Putnam 
she married, and previous to 1759, Richard, son of Kichard 
and Abigail (Hovey) Upham of Topsfield and Reading, bapt. 
9 Dec, 1716. Richard Upham's tirst wife was also Elizabeth 
and she died 7 June, 175(). In 1759, Richard Upham, with 
wife Elizabeth, deeded land. In 1773, Elizabeth wife of 
Richard Upham, of Onslow, Nova Scotia, was heir, with Wil- 
liam and Caleb Putnam (her children by her lirst hus- 
band Caleb Putnam) to a Putnam estate in Essex Co., 

" In 1755 iin Ensiftn Timothy Putnam rcijorted the details of his scout near Lake 
Champlalu to (Japt. Uogcrs. 



(see Essex Deeds). By her third liushund, Richard Upham, 
she had Richard, biipt. 2S May, 1758. Mary, hapt. 5 April, 
1761. In 1758, Richard Ui)hain was of Boston (see Vol. 23, 
N. E. II. Gen. Reg.). It is probable that Richard U[)hain 
and I'aniil}' removed to Nova Scotia and settled in Onslow 
township in 1701. llaliburton says, in his history of Nova 
Scotia, "The first British settlerti came from the Province of 
Massachusetts and were of various origin. fiiey landed in 
Onslow in the summer of 17()1, to the number of thirt}^ 
families,. . . .they were compelled to undergo the most 
severe privations .... During the second year the govern- 
ment sn[)[)lied them with Indian corn On their arrival 

they found the country laid waste to [)reveni the return of 
the Acadians, but 570 acres of marsh land were still under 
dyke, and about 40 acres of upland round tlu; ruins of the 
houses were cleared. . . .Remains of the French roads. . . . 
are still visible, as also parts of their bridges, .... the settlers 
encountered great difficulty in [)rociu ing their grant and it was 
different from what they had been led to ex[)ect." This grant 
was registered on 23 Feb., 17()9. The Acadians, or French 
n6ntrals, had been forcibly and cruelly removed from these 
lands by the British government in the fall (A' 1755. 

The present family of Putnam in Nova Scotia, settled prin- 
cii)ally in Truro, are descended from the three half-brothers, 
sons of Elizabeth Putnam Upham. They also have had the 
impression that they were descended from American Loyalists, 
which only shows how superficial evidence can distort gene- 
alogy imd history. 

V. 312 Phineas {StepJien, Benjamin, JSfathaniel, John), 
born in Salem Village, 10 June, 1728 ; died in Danvers, 1817 ; 
married in Danvers, 10 Aug., 1752, Mary Whipple of An- 

Children : 

8:U PmNEAS, b. 23 Feb., 175;5. 
835 Matthew, b. 2 Aug., 175(1. 


836 Joseph, b. 12 April, 17G1; m. his cousin, Fanny ratnaiu. 

837 Timothy, b. 17 Feb., 17G3. 

838 EzuA, b. Mar., 1771. 

Phineas*^ Putnam bought in 1784, the Nurse homestead in 
Danvers, from Benjamin Nurse, great grandson of Rebecca 

V, 313 Aaron (Stephen, Benjamin, JSFatJianiel, John), 
horn in Salem Vilhige, 30 Aug., 1730; died in Danvers, 20 
(30 Jan.) Feb., 1810; married 4 Jan., 1759, Lydia daughter 
of John Waters, born May, 1737; died 23 Jan., 1831, aged 

Children, born in Danvers: 

839 Lydia, b. 27 Oct., 175!); d. , 177G. 

840 Aaron, b. 17 April, 1762; adm. on estate of Aaron, juur., granted 

to his father, Aaron, 20 April, 1701. 
841 RuFUS, b. 7 May, 1764; d. Beverly 14 Mar., 1836. 

842 ISRAKL, b. 2 July, 176G ; adm. on estate of Israel Putnam, granted 

to his father, Aaron, 20_April, 1791. 

843 Elizabeth, bapt. 28 April, 1771 ; d. y. 

844 Maky, b. 23 May, 1774; m. Capt. Johnson Proctor. 

845 Simeon, b 22 Nov., 177G; d. Danvers, 29 July, 1834. 

AAiiON Putnam was a farmer and carpenter in Danvers. 
He was a private in (^apt. Edmund Putnam's company, Lex- 
ington alarm. 

"V. 316 Moses {Stephen, Benjamin, Nathaniel, John), 
born in Salem Village, 30 Sept., 1739 ; died in Wilton, N. H., 
25 July, 1801 ; married 3 April, 1768, Rebecca, daughter of 
Aaron and Sarah (Wood) Kimball of Boxford, born 29 
March, 1740; died in Wilton, N. H., 15 Oct., 1797. 

Children, born in Danvers : 

846 Stephen, b. 20 May, 1772; d. 18 Sept., 1821. 

847 Sakah, b. 5 Nov., 1773; d. 10 Sept., 1809; m. 28 Sept., 1806, 
Ebenezer Stiles. Ch. : Willard, b. :> July, 1807. Sarah, b. 18 
June, 1809. 

85 Two by the name of Phineas, probably father and son, went from Danvers on the 
Lexington Alarm, one in Capt. John Putnam's and tlie other in Capt. Asa Prince's Co. 


Born at Wilton, N. 11. : 

848 MosKS, 1). 24 July, 1777; d. 20 Sept., 1807. 

849 Aauon Kimuall, b. 11 Jan., 1784. 

Moses Putnam was graduated from Harvard Collej^o in 
175!). lie lan<ilit school a while in Uoxlord and in 177(5 or 
Ihereahoiils, removed to Wilton, N. II. There he obtained 
tlie and trust of the people and on 9 March, 1778, was 
elected one of the committee of safety, served as selectman 
for several years, and was often on important committees. 
In 1778, he was chosen to represent the town in convention 
to l)e holden at Concord for " ostahIishini>; some rei;idati()ns 
by which our sinking currency may be raised and set upon 
some more stable basis." 

V. 317 Stephen {Steplten, Beujaniln, NalJianiel, JoJtn), 
born in Salem Village, 22 Feb., 1742; married, first, Kuth, 
daughter of Nathaniel Putnam ; second, Susanna, daughter of 
Samuel and Elizabeth (Jones) Herrick, born 25 July, 1750, 
died 25 Feb., 1825. 

Children, born in Danvers : 

8r)0 Stkimikn, b. 22 Oct., 1773; d. unin. 1848; by Ih-st wife. 
851 Mosios, b. 4 Nov., 1775. 
852 Susanna, b. 22 April, 1777; in. Daniel Tntnani and liv(Ml in tho 

" Gen. Pntnam " house. 
85:! lUnii, b. 1 Jan., 177'.>; ni. Andrew Batchclder, a clock maker. 
They lived on the Lindall place. Mr. Batchelder m. a second time. 

854 Jacoh, i). 17 Nov., 1780. 

855 Samukl, b. 30 Oct., 1782. 

856 KiiicN, b. 5 Feb., 1785. 

857 Hannah, b. 17 Jan., 1787; d. iinm. 

858 Sally, b. 10 Mar., 1795; d. nnm. 

Stephkn Putnam was a carpenter and lived in the house 
(taken down, 18ot)), built by his father not far from where 
Israel II. Putnam, Esq., now lives, lie is credited with 
two days' service on the Lexington Alarm under Capt. Jer- 
emiah Page. 

V. 319 Deacon Daniel {Daniel, Benjamin, Xalhaniely 

^::z::^'^^CL-^t?^^ ^^^^^i^^i^^^^ 


John.), Ijoiii in licndiii^s H Nov., 1721 ; Micd 5 Nov., 177;'>; 
marriod liiiiiimli, djiii^'liUir ol" Ilcniy*^'' mikI I I.iini.ili (M;irliiij 
IiifriillH of Norlli Aiidovci-, l)oiii tli(!i-<! 12 SitpL, 172.'*, di<'d 
11 Mny, 17 CI. 

CliildrcM, horn in Itc'idin^r : 

Hr>'d Hannah, Ij. 2:5 Jan., 17'Jr» (uinii. in mi); rjiiii. vciu nayn kIk; in. 
Tlios. Urown and d. 2(! Jan., 17!>l). 

800 Daniki,, Ij. iO Oct., 1747, in I{<;a(linf<; a pliyniclan ; U, M Nov., 177:5; 
uclin. on boLii liiH and liiH fallicr'M uHtate granted al, Haiiut tinx!. 

Hfil JoHHUA, b. 27 Jan., 1751 ( fain, roc, lias It 1750 ) ; a nian of note 
in Nortli Headint,'; d. 25 Oct., 177:5; in. Eunice . 

802 ItKnKCCA, )). 18 Jan., 1752; d. 17 Sept., 1785; in. 20 Dec, 1770, 
Jienjainin, Hon of Amos and Sarah (IJicUford) Upton of Iliuiding, 
Ij. 7 May, 1745, d. 12 Aug., 1827. Ch. : Benjainiii, Ij. 12 .May, 
177:}. El)eii('/,er, b, 14 Jan., 178:5; d. 1:5 Aug., 1822; m. 10 Jan., 
1800, I'oljy, dan. of JoHcpli riitnam (No. 0:58). IClijah, b. Aug., 
1785; d. 25 Mar., 1800; m. 2 July, 180'.1, I'liebe Wood, a dau. of 
Israel, b. 2:5 Mar., 1787, d. 12 July, 1821, llebccca, b. 1778 ; 
d. y. llebecca, b. 22 Sept., 1780. 
8fj:j lli.NiiY, b 7 May, 1755; d. 27 Nov., 1800. 
864 Aauo,\, h, 11 April, 1757; d. May, 1812. 

805 Sakaii, b. 25 June, 1700; d. in Boston, 10 Mar., 171)8, of coiiHUinp- 
tion (aged :58 ?) ; in. Dr. Naliuin Fay of BoHton ; Wynian ntatew 
they were in. 17 June, 17!)l; see iind<;r l)ea. Henry, son of above. 
A daughter, Maria Augusta, in. Nahiiin Fay i Harvard, 17!)0) ; 
d. 1804. 

Danikl I'lJ'i'NAM wiiH olocted dcucoii of tli(! (;lmr('li in Norlli 
lv«;;idiii^^ in 17r>l ; in 1703, 1708 imd 1771 Ik; wm.s Hclciclinan 
of Kciidino', iiiid in 1773 rcincscntcfl liciKlin^ in i\n', (jl(!n(;i';il 
(.'onrl. On 4lJi .l;iii., 177^1, ll;inn;ili I'nI.iKtin, h[)insl,(M, vvuh 
:ijj)j(jiiit('(| ;i(|niini^ti;ilrix on liis (JHlutc. 

V. 326 Rev. Aaron (liev. JhrniA, Jimjmnin, Na- 
l/uini(d, Joltii), lioi'ii in \U':u\\\\]i, 15 Dec, 1733; diod in 
Poinfi'ct, CtJiiu., 28 Oct., 1813 ( 15 Oct., gnivcstoncj ; ni.inicd 
23 or 30 Oct., 1700, Kclmccji, djiiijrlilor of Kev. U:ivid .ind 
Kliziilxillj (IV('KcoLL) Iliili of .Siill<jn, Ijorn 1 Sept., 1730, 
<li(Ml 17 July, 1773, from tlio (id'cclM of u full, liuvino; \,v,v,n 
tlirovvn from tlio earrinoc wliili; driving willi hcj- liunhund. She 

MSoii of Henry and Aljli^all (Kiiiery) rn«ullK and grandson of Henry and Mary (Os- 
good) IngallM. See Oiigood Gen. edited Ijy Kljen I'liUiarii, al«o Jinicry (ien., Ijotli piilj- 
llBlied ljy Uic 8alern PrcKH. 

2 1 1 

lllsrOl.'Y OK Till". I'T'TN a:\i FA1\M1,Y. 

(IIimI williiii tlirco (l:i_vs ol tlir mcc'uKmiI . Mrs. riiluMiu \v;is :i 
l:i(l\ (»r (iislinoiiislKMl tMnlowiiuMits. IIiM" hrothrr was Or. I). 
Hall ol" rouilVi'l, Mini luT sislcr ni!UTi(>(l i\A. ,)o\\\\ riitiKHu of 
SiiMoii. IK' iu:irri(Ml, second, INIiiy, 1777, Isli/.abctli, dauiili- 
Icr ol' Ivcv. l<;])lii-aiin Anciv ol I'lookl yii, ( 'oiiii., honi A Occ, 
17 1('>, and died in CMuMiy \'all(>y, N. \ ., 7 Dee., 18;>."). 
ChildiH'n : 

sec. Aakon, I). .".O.liily, I7t',| ; d. I April. I7(!:>. 

SCT Kioiii'.eeA, !>.."> M:iy. i7(;."«; d. "-',"> .Inn., I7C.7. 

SdS Mi.r/.AiiKiii. 1>. - 1 .1:111 . I7i;.".; (1. Ocl , ISOS; iii. I'llijnli lU'U'lu'r of 

(MiiM-ry \';ill(\v; llu\v rcuiovoil to Kuslnio, TioiiM (\).. N. ^' . Slu< 

\vU I wo suns. 

s(;;» MvKY, 1). '.':> ,i;iii., I7(i(i; (i.;>()i'i.. isis; m. L'o i'\'ii., i7;k), NmUkui 

Alloii, !i r.'iniH'r (>r roiuri'cl. mul li;nl nine eh. Sih" p. _ I."., llall 


S7() KKiiKoeA 11m i. 1>. ; *l- -'^ .'Jiii., 181!i; in., ISIO, NnllKiiiiol 

Kno, son ol' Moody jiiul ll!Uin;ili (^rarltoiO IMorso.oi" Siillon. Ii. (! 
Pre. I7.">i>; (1. iS'JS. Ur. Mtu-sc's (Irsl \\il\'\v:is ll.innnli Cihhs. 
who \v!i>; niolluT of his elovoii ehiUlroii. 

Hv Ins seeoiid wile : 

S71 ni'itoKAii, li. in I'oinrii'l. I."> Va... 177S; ni. M;illin'\v ( "nniplu'li. 
S7'J Hannah. 1>. 11 l'"ol)., I7S0; d in I'licrry N'allt-y. 1 Sept.. IS,".?; nnin. 
S7.'? Kirii, 1). .'«1 Oct.. 17S'J; d., nnni,.:il riuTry Wnllry, II M;ir.. iSiM. 
871 Sai.i.y, b. l,">(>i'l., 17SI; d. I'lu-rry \;ilU'y, Aliir., Ks-.M : ni. Samuel 

r. Slons. 
S7r> Aakon, 1». -*'>«H'1., 17S(!; d. '20 Doe.. IS.'U ; lir.'uhiiili'd :il l>ro\vn 
Ihiiv. A I'lTsbyUM'iiiu minister seltlod at Chrrry \'!ilU'y. 

Ki',\'. .Vakon Ti'iNAM was or;iduated iVoin 1 lar\ai'd. in n,")!*. 
On 17 Nov., 17.'),"), he \v;is ealleil lo roinlret, Conn., and nv- 
vepled 8 l"\d)., I7,")(;. Oiilained 10 M.areh, 17,")(?. He \v;is 
pastor of this ehiireh until 1S()l\ and universally respeeted 
and beloved by his people, lie was a nunnber of the Library 
Ass(>eiatit)n ol romtVel, having b(>en idtnied npi)n his ,arri\al. 
This soi'iely was noted tor llu> eharaeter ol its meinbers. 

Ka>v. .\;iron Tut nam was \ cry thorough and se\ere in his 
iliseipline .and entiMtaiiu>d hiuh notions iA' the sanetity ol" the 
S.abbath. lie lost his he.dth and llnally his \oi«\>, UMidiM'iiio- it 
net'essary lor his di'aeons to read the stnmons he wi'ote. 

From his tombstone the rolK)winii' (ril»ute to his memory is 
taken: " ;i kind lalluM-, an atleetionate hnsband, a i:,t>od man. 

TMi;AF;r, (NA'riiANfKL) rUTNAM. 21 f) 

mihI a of Inilli, whose virliics will !»(' rcmciiihcrcMl 
loiiijf mIIci' llic iii!irl)l(^ sliall li.'ivc cniiiiltlc*! lo diisl,." 

V. 329 Israel {Israel, /ifuijdiiiiii, Nalhaiiicl, John), 
iioiii ill rx-dlord, 20 Miircli, 1722; dicsd in ( JlKdiiiHlord, 2J') 
I<\!l>., I-S()(), ;ii;(!(l scvciil v-s('V('ii yc'ifH (^nivcisloiiey ; tnnrricMl 

ClliMrcn : 

K7i; .loiiN, I). !il)()iit, 1755; " rcni()vc<l to Uic KaHUviird."*'^ 

K77 IsKAi;!,, b. jiboiil, 1757; " I tliiiiU Imd no sons;'"" Hcrvcd 10 diiys in 

(';i|il,. .lolin Moore's (y'o. Ironi r.cdl'ord durinii,' the Lc\iii;^lon 


878 nAMKi-, I). , I7(;i ; Imd l-wo sons. 

V. 330 Bonjamiri ( Israel, lienjavdn, Niil.hanlel, Joliii), 
born ill IWidlbrd, 2 Ano-., 172"); will diilcd ?y Sc|)(., I7(;;-J, 
liiotluir Isr.'K;] to Ix; ox(M"iitor ; son l>(!iij;iriiin marri(!d liclx-ccji, 
who proh.'ihly inafi'iod !ii(.'iin, in 17(M, lOhs-i/cr son of 101ciiz(!r 
and licl,c(;ca ((^JiandhTj Davis, horn VA) May, 17;M. Mr. 
Das'is' lirsl wife.' was Maiy Davis who died 2'S .Imii., 17(),'». 
Soo Ilisjoiy of liedibrd. 


879 I'.KN.IAMIN. 

V. 331 Jonathan {Israel, lUmju'inin, NaUutulel, .h)hv,) , 
horn in Bcdrord, 10 July, 1728; died in Chclnisford, 17H4, 
a^(!(l (irty-cio:hl, (<.,n'av(!ston(!) ; inarri(!d, first, at (Joncord, 21 
An<^., K.^O, llaiinali, daii^^htci- of David and Mary (Farrar) 
Mciviii o( ('oncord, honi Ihcrc; '.) Oct., 1 7.')() ; nianicd, 
second, 1700, Hannah VVorccjstcr, died I ,'> May, l^i2(i, a^cd 
nincty-livo yearn (gravcsstono). 

Children : 

880 .VlAitY,"'* b. in I'.cdford, 18 Nov., 1750; m. I'c^tcr Proctor. Cli. : 

L(^!if.y, b. 1770. Zarchous, b. 1771. Tlannali, b. 177:5. Polly, b. 

881 Saicau, b. in C'hclin.srord, 175.';; in. Daniel 15lo(jd, (;ii. : Oaiiiel, b. 

»' Lotlor ofI)Hni(!l I'lidiJirn to l'<!il(;y rnlnnrri IK!:!. 
"« Living 1784, 


177.-). I\lich;u'l, h. 177(!. Joseph, 1). 1778. Sarah, 1). 17S0. Jonas, 
b. 1781. iMurtlia, b. 178c!. rntnain, b. 178."'). JonaMian, b. 1787. 

882 Hannah, b. in Chchnsford, 17r)4; ni. 1771. Daniel Spauldinu;. Ch. : 

Daniel, b. 1772. Jonathan, b. 177-1. Willanl, b. mc>. 

883 Lucy, b. in Chelmsrord, nr>(\; m. 1775, Samuel Adams; Ch. : 

Samuel, b. 177(!; not ment. in setUemenl of hev lather's estate 
884 Davii>, b. in Chelmsford, 17.-)8 (living March, 178-1). 

885 Bktsky, b. in Chelmsford, 1759; m. Amos Curtis. No issue. 

886 Eunice, b. in Chelmsford, 17G1 ; d. y. 

887 Jonathan, b. in Chelmsford, 17()o; d. 4 June, 1790, aged 21 yrs. 

(sic) aged 2 days (g. s.). 

888 Kkuecca, b. in Chelmsford, 17(!4; prob. d. prev. 1784. 

889 Daniki., b. in Chelmsford, 17G(); prob. d. prev. 1784. 

890 Eunice, b. in Chelmsford, 17()8; d. prev. 1784. 

891 Tolly, b. in Chelmsford, 1709; d. 29 June, 1785 (g. s.). 
892 Joseph, b. in Chelmsford, 4 Mar., 1771 ; living 1784. 

89;5 Isuakl, b. in Chelmsford, 177:5; d. 18(!2 ; no male issue ; ni. Tatty 

Trask ; m., 2d, in 1817, Mary Lindsey. 
894 Stephen, 1). in Chelmsford, 177G; living 1784. 

Jonathan Piitnaini livod at lirst in Bedford, but afterward 
reniovod to Chelmsford. On D May, ITdG, he bought a 
fiirni ill Chehiisford, still in possession of the ftunily. The house 
had forme ly been Ji garrison house and was one of the first 
erected in that town, and had double walls of brick. This 
house W!is torn down in 1817 tind the" present building 
erected on the same spot. When Jon:ith;in Putnnm first lived 
in Chelmsfortl, he found the Indians still there. 

The following epitaph is on the gravestone of either 
Jonathan or Ilanuiih Putnam, 

"Atttiction sore long time I bore 
Physicians were in vain, till God did 
please and death did seize, to etise 
nie of my pain." 

V. 334 Tarrant {JsraeU Beuja))nn, NatJianieJ, Jo/iu), 
born in Bedford, 2 Sept., 1733; died in Newbury, Vt., 
1804; married, first, at Danvers, 1 July, Hot),"^ Miiry, 
daughter of Eleazer Porter, of Danvers, baptized 22 Aug., 

*o According to Torter Gcii., ninrried 19.Jau., 1758. 


1736; married, second, Eunice, daughter of Daniel and 
Eunice (Cue) Porter of Wenliam, born there 3 March, 1750. 
Children by Mary : 

895 Elbazer Portkr, b. in Danvers, 8 Dec, 1758. 

896 Israel, b. in Danvers, 22 Nov., 1760, of Topsham, Vt. 

897 Asa, b. in Danvers, 28 Dec, 1765, of Essex, N. Y. 

8!)8 AiJiGAiL, b. in Danvers, 13 July, 1768; m. 1794, Joseph Putnam. 
81)9 Mauy, b. 5 April, 1771 ; m. Wyman Wyman, of Newbury, Vt. 
10 ch. 

Ciiildren, hy second wife : 

900 Betsey, b. 16 Feb., 1786; ra. John Buskett, of Newbury. 

901 Sarah, b. ; m. and lived in Newbury, Vt. 

902 Danikl (David), b. ; d. , aged about 2 years. 

903 Tarrant. 

904 Eunice, b. ; d. unin. 

905 Ruth. 

906 EixsHA, b. ; lived near Brookfield, N. Y. 

Tarrant Putnam lived in Danvers, near the To[)sfield 
line until 178Si, then in Bakerstown, Me., and finally settled 
in Newbury, Vt., where most of his children also settled. 

A brother of Mrs. Mary (Porter) Putnam, was Samuel 
Porter the Tory, a graduate of Harvard, whose estate was 
confiscated. He died in London. 

Tarrant Putnam was at Lexington, in Capt. Edmund 
Putnam's company. He held the rank of ensign. 

v. 341 Nathaniel ( Cornelius, Benjamiii, Nathaniel, 
John), born in Sutton, 3 May, 1734; died in Sutton 1812; 

will dated 27 June, prol>ated 4 Aug., 1812 ; married , 

Deborah , who died 24 June, 1810, in her seventy- 

tifth year. "Gentleman." 

Children : 

907 Mosics, b. 23 Jan., 1758, perhaps the private in B. Woodbury's Co., 
from Sutton, who served 8 mos. at siege of Boston. 

908 Molly, b. 25 Feb., 1759; m. Jenison. Ch. : Nathaniel, 

Maverick, Joseph, Gardner. 

909 Hannah, b. 11 May, 1761; m. Sibley. Ch. : Stephen, 

Tarrant (jr.), Francis, Lot, Nathaniel, Tyler, Nahum. 

910 Stei'IIicn, b. 17 Jan., 1764; d. July, 1779. 



V. 347 Bartholomew ( Cornelius, Benjamin, JVa- 
thaniely JoJin), boni in Sutton, 21 April, 1745; Avill dated 

16 Mny, 1822 ; probated G 8e})t., 1825 ; married, tirst, , 

Mary (No. 4J)0), daughter of Edward Putnam, who was horn 
1750, died 1790; married, second, Hannah Axtell, who was 
executrix of her husband's will. 

Children, born in Sutton : 

911 Bautholomkw, b. 1!» July, 1774; d. prev. 1822. 
1)12 I^uCY, b. 8 July, 1771); iii. Simoon HoAvard. 
913 Edwahd. b. 26 Jan., 1782. 

aii I'Kunic.NCE, b. IH Nov., 1784; ni. Daniel, son of Simeon Hathaway, 
of Sutton. Ch. : rnidencc, b. 12 Nov., 1805; d. 18 Oct., 1807. 
Pliebe, b. 24 Oct., 1807. Daniel, b. 18 An^., 1808. Pmdoiice, b. 
10 Mar., 1810. Joseph Hall, b. 19 Nov., 1812. Mary, b. 17 Aug., 

915 TinajK, b. 11 Oct., 1787; d. prev. 1822; m. Capt. Elijah BigcloAV. 

Ch. : rhojbe. 

916 Lewis, b. 15 July, 1796. 

917 Cyn'ihia, b. 27 Ang., 1804, not mentioned in father's Avill. 

V. 348 Ensign David {Cornelius, Benjamin, J^a- 
thaniel, JoJin), born in Sutton, 14 May, 1747; died there, 
1814; married there, 12 April, 1770, Ehzabeth, dauirhter of 
Joseph and Klizabeth (Fuller) Woodbury, born 3 JNIarch, 
1745; died 27 Dec., 1831. "One of the best of Christian 
women" (History of Sutton). 

Children, born in Sutton: 

918 David, b. 30 April, 1771 ; d. y. 

919 Bk.tty, b. 14 April, 1773; d. 2 Feb., 1815 ; m. 30 Mar., 1791, Aaron, 

son of Aaron and Lydia (Taylor) Elliot, b. 1 Dec, 1768. Ch. : 
John, b. 20 April, 1791. Lucy, b. 14 Mar., 1794. Betsey, b. 2 
Oct., 1796. Jerusha, b. 1 Jan., 1799. Aaron, b. 5 Mar., 1801. 
Lydia, b. 25 May, 1803. Betsey, b. 22 Sept., 1805; m. 1826, 
Sylvanns Putnam. Jerusha, b. 9 Jan., 1808. May, b. 29 July, 
1810. Lucy Aim and Julia Ann, twins, b. 17 Jan., 1815. 

920 Abner, b. 14 May, 1775; d. 25 June, 1859. 

921 Cyhus, b. 21 Ang., 1777. 

922 Jkkusiia, b. 13 Dec, 1779; m. 28 Aug., 1803, Thomas Bigelow. 

923 CoKNKi.ius, b. 28 Jan , 1782. 

924 Sally, b. 28 July, 1784; m. 27 Dec , 1806, Samuel Bigelow. 

925 Lucy, b. 8 Sept., 1787; m. 1 June, 1805, Simeon sou of Aaron and 

Lydia (Taylor) Elliot, b. 6 May, 1779. Ch. : Naucy Gibbs, b. 5 


Dec, 1805. Lucy rutnam, b. 2 Mar., 1808. Lula Maria, b. 14 
June, 1810. Madison, b. 3 Aug., 1812. Laury Ann, b. 12 Nov., 
826 JosKPH, b. 23 Feb., 1790. 

David Putnam miirclied to Lexiiiijton upon the iiljirm of 
19 April, 1775, in C:ipt. John Sil)ley's coinpjiny. 

V. 359 Jonathan (Jonathan, Jonathan, John, John), 
horn ill S.ilein Village, 13, baptized 24 July, 1715; died 
there Dec, 1762; married 2 Nov., 173G, Sarah, daughter 
of Lieutenant Thomas and Iliunah (Goodhue) Perley of 
Boxfon], born 12 May, 17 1(). 

Cliihb-cn, born and baptized in Salem Village : 

927 Jerkmiah, b. 31 Oct., 1737. 

928 Saiiah, b. 2 Marcli, 1738; m. Henry, son of Henry Putnam. 

929 Jonathan, b. 30 Dec, 1740; prob. d. Nov., 1762. 

930 Hannah, b. 10 Dec, 1742; m. Foster. 

931 Emzaukth, b. 11 Jan., 1744-5; prob. d. prev. to 1762. 

932 Lydia, b. 15 July, 1747; d. 22 Nov., 1825; m. about 1709, Ebenezer 

Rea, b. 7 Dec , 1745. Ch. : Lydia, b. 8 June, 1770; d. 26 Aug., 
1834. William, b. 6 Oct., 1771. John, b. Nov., 1773. Ebenezer, 
b. 23 July, 1775; d. 23 Feb., 1822. Perley P., b. 24 Jan., 1778. 
Jeremiah, b. May, 1781. Aaron, b. March, 1784. Lucy, b. June, 
1786; d. 1824. Benjamin, b. Oct., 1789; d. 1812. 
933 Nathan, b. 8 Sept., 1749 ; d. 13 Dec, 1813. 

934 Lkvi, b. 1 Aug., 1751. 

935 Pkuley, b. 17 March, 1754; killed at the battle of Lexington, 19 

April, 1775. 
936. Aauon, b. 6 Sept., 1756. 

Jonathan Putnam jived in Danvers ; after the town of 
Danvers was established he held various offices, such as 
tythingman, hayward, constable, etc. On the 3 Feb., 1767, 
the guardianship of Nathan and Levi Putnam, minor children 
of Jonathan, was granted to Gideon Putnam. 

V. 367 David (David, Jonathan, John, John), born 
in Salem, 15 July, 1755; died 12 Aug., 1825; married 
, Lienor Haskell. 

Children : 


93Ga Elknor, b. 29 May, 1784. 

937 David, b. 13 March, 1786; d. 27 April, 1812. 

938 Joshua, b. 3 Sept., 178!). 

939 Anna, b. 27 Aug., 1792; cl. — June, 1871 ; m., says Dr. A. P. Tnt- 
nam, 27 Oct., 1792, Nathl. Boardman whose Istw. was Nancy, 
dau. of Isrnel (^Edmund) Putnam, q. v. Ch. by Anna : Nancy Ellen. 
Caroline Haskell and Nathl. Ilolton, twins. Alonzo Bishop. 
Horace Webster. 

940 HoLTON, b. 14 July, 1795; d. 27 May, 1813. 

V. 369 Bartholomew ( Bartholomew, Jamei^, John, 
John), horn in S;ilein, 3 March, 1711—12; died there about 
1753; married 2 Nov., 1734-5, Ruth daughter of John and 
Elizabeth (Weld) Gardner of Salem, born 12 May, 171(), 
died 19 March, 1808; married, second, 24 Feb., 1771, 
Captain Benjamin Goodhue, born in Ipswich, 11 July, 1707, 
died 20 Jan., 1783. 

Children : 

941 Mary, bapt. So. Parish, Danvers, 22 Aug., 1736, born Aug., 1736. 

Born in Salem : 

942 Bautholomew, b. 2 Feb., 1737; bapt. 5 Feb., 1737-8. 

943 Nathanikl, b. 19 Oct., 1739; prob. d. y. 

944 Ruth, b. 15 April, 1740; bapt. 19 April, 1741: d. 7 Dec, 1786; m. 

17 May, 1761, William, son of Ebenezer and Rachel (Pickman) 
Ward of Salem, b. 9 Aug., 1736 ; d. 9 Oct., 1767. For their desc. 
see Essex Institute Hist. CoUectious; also Pickering Gen. chart 
17, vii-105. 

945 Sarah, b. 17 Jan,, 1743; d. in Sanbornton, N. H., 4 Oct., 1824; m. 

in Salem, 8 May, 1763, John, son of John and Abigail (Archer) 
Elkins of Salem, b. 1739, d. there. May, 1781. Ch. : Sarah, b. 

28 April, 1766 ; d. 22 Aug., 1801 ; m. Webb. Abigail, b. 16 

July, 1768; d. 15 April, 1851; m., 1st, George Curwen Ward of 
Salem ; 2d, Hon. Nathan Taylor; 3d, Eliphalet Ordway, 4 April, 
1842; d. 4 Oct., 1844. John, b. 4 March, 1770; d. in the army. 
William, b. 7 March, 1772, drowned at sea. Ruthey, b. 30 April, 
1779. Jonathan, b. Oct., 1781 ; d. in West Indies. Mrs. Elkins 
. m., 2d, Major Chase Taylor of Sanbornton, N. H., b. 1728, d. 
13 Aug., 1805. 

946 William, b. 25 Feb., 1745. 

947 John, b. 2 Dec, 1748. 

948 William, b. 7 April, 1751. 

Bartholomew Putnam lived in Salem, on Essex street, 
nearly opposite the Essex Institute. This estate he sold 


about 1750. He was a tailor and of good estate. His will 
is dated 19 June, 1753. He appoints his beloved wife Ruth 
sole executrix, his brothers-in-law Jonathan and Samuel 
Gardner trustees. His six children, Bartholomew, John, 
William, Mary, Ruth and Sarah Putnam are to have the 
benefit of his property after the death of their mother. 

V, 370 Joseph {BarlJiolomew, James, John, John), 
born in Salem, 1 Aug., 1714; died in Boston. Will dated 
23 Feb., 1786, [)roved 19 July, 1788; married, first (pub- 
lished 30 Jan., 1735), 19 Feb., 1735, Sarah daughter of 
Joseph and Sarah (Stacey) Urann, born 16 Dec, 1716; 
married, second (published 7 Oct., 1765), Elizabeth Comes- 

Children, born in Boston : 

949 Sarah, b. ; d. aged 8 yrs. (g. s.). 

950 Mauy, b. 5 May, 1737; m. (pub. in Boston, 21 Feb., 17G0) to 

.lames Kenny. 

951 Mkhitable, b. 1 Feb., 1739; m. (pub. in Boston, 14 March, 1765) 

Robert Earl. Mrs. Bradford of Rutland, Vt. , is a granddau. 

952 Joseph, b. 1 — , 1740; d. 19 Feb., 1741, aged 3 mos. (g. s.). 

953 Elizabeth, b. 14 Oct., 1742; m. (pub. 17 June, 1771), at King's 

Chapel 14 July, 1771, Jonathan Carey. 

954 Rebecca, b. ; m. (pub. IG July, 1778) Nathaniel Carey; m., 

2d, John Wise. 

955 Hannah, b. , 1758; d. 4 May, 1793; m. 7 Aug., 1777, Josiah 

Bradley, son of Samuel and Mary (Andrews) Bradley of Boston, 
b. 24 March, 1754, d. 2 Oct., 1798; m., 2d, 1 Dec, 1793, Lydia 

JosKPH Putnam lived in Sudbury street, Boston, and like 
his brother William, was a chair maker. In 1736 (28 May), 
he sold his share in his uncle Nathan's estate to David Put- 
nam of Salem. 

The executor of his will was Mr. Jesse Putnam, of Bos- 
ton. In the will of Nathan Putnam, mariner, of Salem, the 
brother of Jonathan (No. 359), Joseph and his brother Wil- 
liam are called "his good friends of Boston." 

At the time of the making of his will, viz., 1783, his son- 
in-law, Josiah Bradley, occupied the other half of his house 
in Sudbury street. 


V 371 William { Barlliolomew, James, John, John), 
lM)ni !il, S.-ilcm, 1 Aui;., 1717, hnptizcd 4 Aug., 1717; died 
;i( Hoslon, 17ll>; :uliMiiiistr;iii()n on liis oslnldlo widow Kiilli, 
aO Mji.v, 17 11) ; inventory, 'if) dniy, 1 71!», 1'2:)1 1.12 ; married 
(pnMislied IS Sept., 1710) IC Oct., 1 7 10, at r>ost()n, linth 

('liildren, hoiii in Boston : 

i)r.(; liniii, I). ];{ Dec, 1711. 

1)57 llANNjvn, b. 4 Ann., 1713. 

i)r>S Wii.i.iAM, I), r. .Inly, 1717. 

V. 374 Doctor Ebenozor (J(nii<'s,J(t)iK's,John,Joh7i), 

born in Salem Villai2;e, , 1717; baptized North Parish, 

20()i't., 1717; died in SahMn, 12 Aui^-., 17SS; married 28 
Oct., 17(;i, iMari;ar»>(,danoht«>r otMohnand Kiizal)eth (Pratt) 
Scoliay of Salem, baptized in Marl)l('head, (> Doc, 1724; 
died in SahMU, April, KS08. 

C'liiKb-iMi, born in Salom : 

959 Sak.vii, 1). ;U) Alls'-., 17(!r>; d. "JO Doc-., ISOl ; in. Natli'l Hopes. 

960 KitKNr./.r.K, b. , 17(!8. 

l^iHioNKZioh' Putnam was liradnatod from Harvard Colle<i^e 
in the class of 17.')1). Of his youth and early manhood very 
little is known ; but he studied medicincfnid practised in 
Danvors, Salem, and very iicnerally throiiiihont the eonnty, 
and that lu^ ol)tained the (>ntire contiiU'iice ol" his patients, is 
well kn(»wn. Prom family lettt'rs of his yonn<i,er brother, 
flndiie flames, W(^ learn that he had a (h>cided advorsion to 
the state of matrimony, yet in the fall of 17(54, when ho 
had arrived at IIk^ mature age of forty-seven years, ho sur- 
rendered to the charms of Miss Margaret Scollay, who it is 
said was a most beautiful woman, dohn Scollay, the father 
o([ Mrs. Putnam, had originally betMi settled in Marl)lehead 
;iiid belonged to the CharU'stown family of that name, to 
one of whom (jeneral \\'ari'en was betrothed at the time of 
his (h'ath. tlolm Scollay had mairied as his second wife, 
PJizabt'th Pratt of Salem, whose mother was a Maverick of 
lioston, and had moved to Salem aI)out 17v{<>. Soon after 
iiis marriage. Dr. Putnam bought the large house formerly 


standing on the; coi-iicr of W.-iHliin^toii (llicii (jt»iirt sli'(;(;t) 
!ii!(l Climcli str(M!t, and biiiit in 17(18, Ncaily opposite; was 
Iho fiiM! iri.iiision of (Jol. H(!iijaiiiiri Pickmaii, now known as 
llic ]>i'()oklionso cstato. But oi^rlit. .y<;ars had passcjd isinco llio 
v<5ry conrt hons(!, in wliicli the iXTsonH {i(^cu.s(;(l of wit(;hciaft 
in 10'J2 w<'r(! tried, Jjad l)Con torn down. This had stood 
l)otwe(in Dr. Putnatn'n and Colonel Pi(;knian',s. (Joloiud 
Pickinan'8 house was aftei'ward sohl to Klias Ilasketl D(!rl)y, 

In this house Doctor and Mrs. Piitnatn hvcd rhirin;:; the 
excitin<; y<!ai"s [)r(!<;<'dingand during the i(;vohition and <'nt<;r- 
taincMl lilx'ially. Ainon^ those whom thciy numbered as IViiMids 
were many who upon the outbreak of" the revolution i"eir)ained 
loyal to the Crown and these associations probably led to the 
chai-ge that the doctor, too, was a t.oiy. This charge as wo 
Bhall soon see was utterly false. On the !Jth Nov., 1771, 
Doctor Putmim was chosen riding eld(;r of the church at 
Salem, in place of Nathaniel ]i(){)es dec(!as<!d. During tiu; 
Kevolution Imj (jntei'taiiKMl Judge 'J'rowlnidge, and seems to 
have been much invited out. 

The period from 1760 to 1775, mentioned above, was one 
of constant agitati(;n, on tlu; oruj hand foi- a more lii)eral gov- 
ernment of the colonies, and on tin; other a detei'min(;d eirort 
by th(5 mei(;hants and government of Kngland to foi-c(! tin; 
American tiade into such channcds as they willed. The g(;n- 
try of the colony were imifoiinly loyal to th(; ciovvn as W(dl 
as patriotic. 

'I'hat uu-Ai of wealth an*! p(jsiti(jn did not join in th(! pop- 
ular hue and cry is not to b(5 wondered at, whethcn- their sym- 
pathi<!S were with or against the jwpidar party. Nciarly all 
true-spiiited colonists d(!sii"ed to be ti'catcid fairly but men 
of education perceived tin; great power of fireat liritain and 
did not beIi(!V(; that viol(;nt measu['(5s would be successful, 
and therefore held aloof from the poi)ulMi' denionstiations. 

Governor Hutchinson upon his departuie for lOngiand was 
presented with addresses from the [)rincipMl peoj/h; of the 


colony, for allhougli accused of subserviency to the home 
government and of attempting to overthrow the liberty of his 
countrymen, yet those who enjoyed his confidence knew how 
false such statements were. As a token of esteem and as an 
act of courtesy, these addresses were signed by the principal 
merchants and gentlemen of Boston, Sideni and elsewhere. 
Among the signers were the brothers Ebenezer, Archelaus 
and James Putnam. The signers were later stigmatized as 
Hutchinson " Addressers " and all manner of vile calumnies 
thrown at them by the people and press ot that period. In- 
deed, so hot became the po|)ular feeling that in many places 
it became necessary for those who had innocently signed, to 
withdraw their signatures pul)licly. This was done by the 
following Salem gentlemen on 80th May, 1775, John Nut- 
ting, N. Goodale, Ebenezer Putnam, Fnincis Cabot, N. 
Si)arhawk, Andrew Dalglish, E. A. Holyoke, William Pyn- 
chon, Thomas Barnard,'-*" Nathaniel Dabney, William Pick- 
man, C. Gayton Pickman.^i These gentlemen declared that 
in affixing their signatures to the address given below, they 
did so with the best intentions, and they state "that we wei'e 
so far from designing by that action, to show our acquies- 
cence in those acts of Parliament so univejsally and justly 
odious to all America, that on the contrary, we h()[)ed we 
might in that way contribute to their re[)eal . . . and 
our serious determination is to promote to the utmost of our 
power, the liberty, the welfare, and hap[)iness of our country." 
That this statement was made on the 30th May, 1775, al- 
mo.stoneyear later than the date of the address, June 11, 1774, 
is in itself significant. In 1774, the feeling of a personal 
loyalty to the Cr(»wn was nearly universal and this deep 
respect for King George did not disa[)pear till after blood had 
been shed. In 1775, the feelings of a very great many of the 
signers had changed, for the eU'ect of the battle of Lexington 

»»Tlic patriotic minister wlio so wisely advised Leslie^at the Xoitli bridge, tliat blood- 
shed was averted. 
2'Lived opposite Dr. rutnani. 



was like that caused by the fall of Sumptor. The addresses 
Avhich were presented to the d(;[)arting Governor were very like 
ill their phraseology, iiuirely expressing regret at the diflicid- 
ties under which he left the country, wishes for his future wel- 
fare, and prayer that he would attempt, in some measure, to 
relieve the colonies of the troubles then prevalent. These 
moderate expressions of courtesy so inilamed the passions of 
the i)e()[)le that mills were burnt, property of all kinds de- 
stroyed, if l)elonging to the hated "Tories," tluMnscHvcs tarred 
and feathered, "smoked" out of house and home and tinally in 
many cases driven to Boston for [jrotection. Thus the colony 
in its need lost its best brain and blood, for proi)ably not one 
in ten of the refugees was so fr(Mn choice. Some few remained 
at home and after the first outburst of mob fury were left 
alone. The friends of Dr. Putnam were mostly numbered 
in this class and he himself was often troubled l)y the lawless 
element ; but the people of Salem knew that his {)atriotism was 
unsulli(!d and that very year, 1775, saw him elected as on(! 
of the committee of safety. No better proof of his integ- 
rity and the belief of his fellow citizens in his loyalty to his 
country is needed. In 1776, under date of Jan. 2i), William 
Pynchon entered in his diary, "News from Doctoi- Putnam at, 
Providcnc(! whcue he and the Salem companies have ai'i'ived 
well." Doctor Putnam was then tifty-nine years old. 

Some years later, certain persons in Salem presented to 
the selectmen a list of those whose property they desired 
confiscated, for, as they claimed, adhering to Great Britain. 
On this list occurs the name of Ebenezer Putnam but the 
autlioiities promptly erased his name, again clearing him of the 
charge. Doul)tless nuu-h of this enmity to Do(;tor Putnam 
was due to the fad that his brother. Ja:nes Putnam, was widely 
known as having icmaincd loyal to the Crown and that his 
ne})hew held an oflicer's commission in the British army. 

As will l)e seen from the letters of the Hon. James Put- 
nam printed hereafter, that the brothers were in instant com- 


nisroin' or the tutnam family. 

immicntion and thai »Iaincs was dislrosscd beyond measure at 
tlie lanienlable war, and tlionii'h lie ret"ns(Hl to return yet was 
deeply grateful to the I)r()ther who, more patriotie than he, had 
the power to ohiain the restitution of his \\^)reester ^'states if 
he would r(>tuiii. 

Doctor Putnam, by his extensive practiei' aeeunudated a 
very handsome' property, and thus was enalthnl to leave to 
his children am})U! means. It is said that lu^ was a man of 
great physical strength and courage. His death occurred at 
his home 12"' Aug.. 17SS. lie lived to witn(>ss the recog- 
nition of the indcpcndcnct> ol' his I)i'1o\(m1 country and to 
perceive the l)tMicticial results which followed. He was bur- 
ied in tlu' Charter street cemetery, th(> pall beai-(>rs being, 
Kliasllasketl Derby, Ks([., Mi-. Ward"' and Doctor lIoly(»ki'. 

V. 375 Arclielaus {J(n)U'!<, JcuueXf Jo/ni, Jo/in), 
born in SaUMu N'illagc, baptized 14 I\Iay, 17'il ; died pre\ i- 

"-' Probably .Josliu.'i Ward wlioso i;rainl ilauglitor Elizabeth Apiiloton manii'il Kboii 
I'utuau), graiuboii of Dr. I'litnmu. 


ous to 1780 ; imuTiod 4 Dec, 1740, Ruth, dtiuglitcr of Capt. 

Samuel and Ruth (Putnam) Flint. 

ChildrcM), horn in Sah'm ViUago: 

!)(U KnKNK/KK, hajtt. 2 May, 1742, 
962 AiH'iiKLAUS, bapt. 9 Doc, 1744. 
i)G;5 Maky, l)at)t. 20 Mar., 1747-8. 
9G4 Jaaii;s, bapt. i) Aug., 1747. 
905 Ehk,nk/ici{, bai)t. 8 Apr., 1750. 

9(10 l{uTir, l)apt. 12 Jan., 1751-2; in. i;^ Doc, 1771, Francis Porloy of 
BoxTord. Cliiklrcn : Fanny, Nancy, Francis, Kbcnozor I'ntnani. 
Mrs. Ferley was probably the danghtcr who died 178^-4, spo- 
ken of by James Putnam as an only tlaugiiter. 

Arciiklaus Putnam was ensign in 17(50 and lieutenant in 
1770. He was one of the seh>etinen of Danvers at the: out- 
hreak ol" i\\c Kevohition and was often ehos(ui to (ill sueli 
ininoi- otlices as surveyor of highways, etc. ; he was fre((uently 
chosen moderator of the town meetings and presidinl with 
great dignity and impartiidity. lie signed the address to 
Governor Ilutehinson u|)on his departure in 1774, for a 
further aeeount of whieh, see th(^ biographieal notiee of his 
elcku" brother, Dr. Ehene/er l*utnani. \\'ill made 18 June, 
1784, })roved 2 Aug., 1785, son Arehelaus executor; to 
grandchildren, Fainiy Rerley, Nancy Perley, Francis Perley 
and Fbenezer l*utnam IVrley. 

V. 378 Hon. James {James, James, John, Jolin), 
born in Salem Village, baptized 31 July, 172(5 ; died at 
St. John, New Brunswick; married, first, 14 Aug., 1750, 
Eleanor Sprague ; married, second, 20 Sept., 1754, Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Col. John and Hannah (Gardiner) Chand- 
ler, born 15 Jan., 1783, died 2 May, 171)8. 

Child, by tirst wife : 

9G7 Ei.KANOU, b. Worcester, 15 July, 1751; m. 18 Nov., 1770, Rufus 
son of Col. John and Mary (Church) Cliundler, b. 18 May, 1747; 
d. 11 Oct., 1823. Child: Elizabeth Putnam, b. 1 June, 1771; m. 
Solomon Vose, Esq., of Portland, Me. 

Children, by second wife : 
968 Jamios, b. IGNov., 175G; d. 2 Mar., 1838. 

228 HISTORY OF the putnam family. 

OfiO John, b. 27 Sept., 1758; d. in infancy. 
.970 Ebknezkr, b. 2G Jan., 17G3; d. 3 Apr., 1708. 

1»71 Elizabeth, b. 7 May, 17G9; d. 14 Aug., 1787; m. Knox. Their 

only child was Elizabetli Putnam. 

Hon. James Putnam was graduated from Harvard College 
in 1746 ; there were eleven others in his elass among whom 
was Dr. Edw. A. Holyoke, whose lather Edward Ilolyoke was 
then president of the College. He studied law, under Judge 
Tro\vl)ri(lge, who, according to John Adams, controlled the 
wliok? practice of Worcester and Middlesex counties, and 
settled in Worcester, 1749, taking u}) the practice of the law. 

In 1750, Aug. 14, he married Eleanor Sprague by whom 
he had one daughter, Eleanor, who married Kufus Chandler. 
In a letter to his brother Dr. Ebenezer Putnam, of Salem, 
dated July 8, 1754, he writes, after speaking of his better 
heahh. "That which you think or care but little about, 
[Dr. Putnam did not marry until 17(54] as to your own part 
is not wholly out of my thoughts. I mean (tho' you could 
tell without further explanation Avhat you care least about) a 
Feinak> Companion. If I pursue this design which I am 
sometimes almost tempted to do with one of my neighbors, 
it will not be very speedyly. But it is an aifair of consequence, 
and tho' such a one as you yourself don't incline to meddle 
with, yet may perhaps with less partiality than others, preju- 
diced in favor of it give your friendly and brotherly senti- 
ments ui)on, tho' not as to the person yet as to the lliing it- 
self Avhich I shall expect in some future epistle unless you 
will be so kind as to make me a visit this sunnner, and if you 
will Doct. Tul'ts^^ will be your company and then ^-ou may 
see and not be at the trouble of ^vriting on that Head or giv- 
ing 3^ our judgement but in part. . . . Postscript — My 
little daughter Nelly is very healthy and well, tho' she has 
not the pleasure of knowing any of her relations." 

«3 Doct. Tufts— probMbly Cotton Tufts, H. C. 17-t9. son of Doct. Simon Cotton Tufts, 
m. a Quincy and aunt of Mrs. .lolm Adams. IIu was an ardent patriot. Simon Tiilts 
o! Boston, merchant, was banished in 1778. 


He seems to have changed his mind in regard to "not very 
spcedyly" pursuing this design, for the 20th Sept., 1754, he 
was united in marriage to Klizal^eth, daughter of Col. John 
Chandler, of Worcester, Judge of Probate, and who was af- 
terward known in EngLand as the "honest refugee." Judge 
Chandler was driven from his home, his house spoiled and 
even the clothing of the females plundered when the Whig 
Committee made their inventory. Judge Chandler died in 
London in 1800. His portrait is preserved at the rocmis of 
the Antiquarian Society in Worcester. His son llufus Chand- 
ler, by his second wife, Mary Church, born May 18, 1747 ; 
(Harvard College, 1766) ; married Eleanor Putnam, daugh- 
ter of Hon. James and P^leanor (Sprague) Putnam, Nov. 18, 
1770. Rufus Chandler studied law with his father-in-law 
and practised in Worcester until 1774, when he left the coun- 
try and went to Boston and afterwards to London, where he 
died Oct. 11, 1823. 

James Putnam, says Sabine, in 1757, held the commission 
of Major under General Loudon and saw service. Between 
the years of 1755 and 1758, John Adams (Harvard College 
1755) afterward president ol the United States, taught school 
in Worcester and studied law with Mr. Putnam. He also 
boarded in his family. Mr. Adams remarks that Mr. Put- 
nam possessed great acuteness of mind, had a very extensive 
and successful practice, and was eminent in his profession. 

In 1774, Jan. 14, Mr. Putnam in writing to Dr. Putnam, 
speaks of an illness which prevented his attending at the 
class arranged for inoculation^* and desires to know a])Out the 
future arrangement of classes as he may come down and bring 
his son Eberiezcr. 

James Putnam was one of the twenty signers to the ad- 
dress from tlio barristers and attorneys of Massachusetts to 
Governor Hutchinson, May 30, 1774. His brothers, Dr. 
Ebenezerand Archelaus, both addressed Governor Gage on his 
arrival on June 11, 1774. In Feb., 1775, he, with others, 

•^ For small-pox. 


was foivod by tlio tliivnteninii- atliludo of tho popular party 
to loavo "Wovooster and seek refuge iu Boston. 

On the 14 Oct., 1775, eighteen "of those gentkMuen Avho 
were driven from their habitations in the country to the town 
of Boston," addressed Governor Gage on his departure. The 
signers were : 

John Chandkn" Jonathan Stearns 

James Putnam Ward Chipman 

Peter Oliver, sr. William Chandler 

Seth Williams, jr. Thomas Foster 

Charles Curtis IVlham Winslow 

Sanuiel Price Daniel Oliver 

David Phijis Edward ^Vinslow, jr. 

Biehard Saltonstall Nathaniel Chandler 

Peter Oliver, jr. James Putnam, jr. 

In 1778 the ^lassachusetts Legislature passed an act con- 
fiscating the estates of 308 Loyalists and banishing them : 
if they returned a second time, to sutler death without the 
benefit of clergy. Among these was the Hon. James Put- 
nam, who had in 1777 succeeded elonathan Sewall as attor- 
ney-general of jNIassachusetts, the last under the Crown. 

From the battle of Lexington until the evacuation of Bos- 
ton the l>rilish were shut up iu Boston '^"' Ou the 17 Nov., 
1775, the following order was issued by the l^ritish conunan- 
der. "Many of his JNIajesty's Loyal American subjects, hav- 
ing ottered their services for defence of the place" are to be 
formed into three companies umlcr connnand of Hon. Briga- 
dier-General Buggies to be called the Loyal American Asso- 
ciates, to be designated by a white sash around the left arm. 

James Putnam was conunissioned ca[)tain oi' the second 
company, and James Putnam, jr., was eonnnissioned second 
lieutenant of the second com[)any. 

Sabine says of this command : "Gen. Timotliy Buggies 
trieil to raise a coi-[)s of loyalists during his residence iu Bos- 
ton hut did not succeed. At evacuation he went to Halifax 

"5 19 Apr., 1775 to Iti Mar., 1776. • 


Avitli the nrmy tlicncc to Long and (>n Islands, whore the 
attempt to embody a force for the King's serviee was renewed. 
He organized a body of some three hundred and fifty h)cal 
militia but does not appear to have done much active duty. 
Both James Putnam and his sons, James and Kbene/er, ac;- 
companied the jirmy to Halifax and New Yoik, where his sons 
engiiged in business. He sailed for Plymouth, Eng., Dec., 
1779, with Mrs. Putnam and his daughter Elizabeth. 


London, June ye P^ 1780. 
Dear Brother, 

It is so long since you have heard from me, es- 
pecially by letter that you have perhaps, :ilmost forgot me. I had 
many reusons for not writing to you while I was in America. Put. 
as I am in England it can do you no harm to be informed that 1 
am alive and well. I arrived at Plyn)outh in England the 22 of 
Juny. last, and rode from thence up to London where we arrived 
the 29 of the same month. My wife and dauuhter came over with 
me. My two sons 1 left at N. York in business. Our passage 
from N. York here was 30 days very I)h)wiiig, Ixjisterotis weather, 
and we were the first sliip tliat arrived of a Meet of between 1)0 and 
100 sail yt. came out of N. York together. 

This is a fine country and the husl)andry, seems to be earned to 
the greatest degree of perfection ; and by this means the land pro- 
duces the greatest croj^s, of grass, & corn &t. Natin-e has fur- 
nished this Island with gieat abundancte of the best manure, and 
by the industry & labor & skill of the husbandman tiiese are so 
mixed with the dirterent soils, as to yield the greatest altundance. 
Tiie soil in its natural state so far as I am able to judge is not iu gen- 
eral equal to ye soil in America. And what surprised me most of any- 
thing was to Ibid sonni(;h land wast and uncultivated still, on thislsl- 
and ; a 'considerable part of which appears to he as fit for improve- 
ment as the adjoining which are loaded with the finest crops. Jn 
our join-ney from Plymouth up to London we must have rode over 
many thousands of acres of such lands. And I am informed a very 
considerable proportion of the Island Is yet unimproved. That 
being the case it is hard setting bounds to the additional increase 


of llic produce of the ground, nnd of cattle and of course to the still 
greater abundance of inhabitants that might be supported licre. 

The air of tliis country is not so cold in winter or hot in suininor 
as in N. Eng. But in winter tliere is a dampness and chilliness 
in the air much more disagreeable than the clear cold of N. Eng. 
yet the people of the Island in general seem to be remarkably 

In this city you sec but little of natural sitnplicity. Everything 
is art or artifice and there is so much of the latter interwoven with 
the Government of the Country, that it needs simplifying. If you 
should have an opportunity to write to me here, let the letter be 
directed to be left with Mr. Samuel Rogers Mercht., Queens Square, 
Bloomsbury, London. I hoi)e you are ail well. Present my love par- 
ticulaily to your wife and children and to my Brother and his 
famerly and all friends. Mrs. Putnam & Betsey join in this re- 

I ara and ever shall be your loving and affectionate brother 

James Putnam. 

P. S. If you should ever write as I hope you will I want you 
to enquire & send me an account what were the Christian names of 
our ancestors who first went from this country to N. Eng ; at what 
time they came over; where they first settled and what part of 
England they went from; And by old writings, or otherwise, if 
they always spelt their names as we do now I*utnam. or whether 
they have not spelt it some times Putman For of the latter name 
there are people here; and I sui)pose we have altered it. If you 
can make this matter certain 1 shall endeavor to find out some- 
thing more about it. J. P. 

London Nov"- 13'" 1783. 
Deak Buotiifk 

On the 10'" of Oct'" I had the very great pleasure of 
receeiving your kind & affectionate letter of the 13'"* of July last. 
It was very agreeable to me to hear that your wife children, & 
Brother Archelaus were well, but the mention of your iH health 
gives me much concern. I sincerely wish you better, and that you 
may enjoy every blessing the times will permit. 

My countrymen have got their independence (as they call it) 
and with it in my opinion, have lost the true Substantial civil lib- 
erty. They doubtless exult as much at the acquisition they have 


gained, as they do at the loss the Tories, as they call them, have 

I have long ago made up my mind about the matter. I know 
the peace was shameful, disshonorable, & scandalous on the part 
of Great Britain. But it was such as the Ministers of the day 
chose to have it, not as tiiey were under tlie necessity of makeing. 
Indeed, America had, during the whole war, all the aid & assist- 
ance a powerful party in this Kingdom could afford, as well as 
having the command of the British forces in weak or withered 
hands during the most important periods of the "War. It is true 
that such was the faction, & such the temper & prejudice of a 
princii)al person in administration here during the most critical 
season of the war, that the properest person, if not the only per- 
son fit for the chief command in America, was prevented out of 
Malice, while it was entrusted in hands that every body knew was 
not competent to 

America, the thirteen states, at last seperated from this coun- 
try-, never more to be connected. For you may believe me when 
I say, I firmly believe and on good grounds that even the present 
Adm — r would not now accept of the connection, if America would 
offer it on the old footing. The reasons & arguments for this are 
to long & too many to l)e handled in the comi)ass of a short letter. 
I therefore dismiss the sul)ject. 

You may be assured there is nothing I wish for more than to 
see my dear Brother, and other dear friends in America again. At 
the same time I can tell you with truth unpleasing as you may 
think the situation of the Loyalist to be, I would not change with 
my independent countr3Mnen, with all imaginary liberty, but real 
heavy taxes & burdens, destitute in a great measure, as I know 
they are, of order & goo<l government &c. 

Having this view of things you cant expect to see me in Massa- 
chusetts soon even if I was pern)ittedor invited to return with, per- 
haps, the offer [of] the restoration of my estate. For what would 
it be wortli, but to pay all away in taxes in a short time. 

I am not yet determined whether to remain in this country or 
go al)road to Nova Scotia or elsewhere. When my affairs are set- 
tled here which I hope may be in the course of the ensuing sum- 
mer I shall conclude on something & I will inform you what. 

If you have opportunity & inclination as I hope you will, to 
write to me again, unless you send by somebody who will deliver it, 


and even in that case, least I should be out of the way let yonr let- 
ters be directed to the care of Mr. Sani'l Rogers, Queens Square, 
Bloonisbnry, London. My wife and daughter wish to be remem- 
bered in the most affectionate manner to your wife & children & 
all our connections, in which I sincerely join. 

Ever 3'onrs 

James Putnam. 

London, July 20'" 1784. 
My Dear Brother, 

I acknowledge with pleasure the receit of your two affectionate 
letters of the 10"^ of March & 18"' of Api-il. I was glad to hear 
in the latter that 3'ou was better in health — I was sorry to hear 
my Brother Archel' had lost his only Daugh* and glad to hear he 
was getting well of a dangerous fever. 

Let me be remembered to him. I don't like to hear u\y son 
James has been so inattentive to his nncle as never to have wrote. 
1 hoi)e he will reform in that particnlar, in other respects, I have 
the pleasure to think he is a i)retty good boy. As to i)oor El)eu'" 
lie has been confined almost all Winter at New York witli the Rhii- 
niatism. and this Summer lias got the Augue & fever. He is there 
yet and ii' that as one of the thirteen Jlourishing independant iDiited 
American States should prove favorable for trade, perhaps he may 
try it. — You say you wish to see me once more, I say 1 wish to 
see you often, but it seeins fate has determined otherwise. 

Yonr country is so changed since I left it and in my opinion for 
the worse, that the great pleasure I should have in seeing my dear 
friends would be lost in a great measure, in the unhappy change 
of govern*. I mean for them who have accomplished it. 

You ma^' perhaps hear of me quickly in Nova Scotia, or rather 
New Brunswick, a New Province to the W=*** ward of N. Scotia. 
Where if I go out you will hear from me 

Your loving & affectionate Brother 

James Putnaju. 

Parr,9s on the river St. Johns New Brunswick, Novemb. 18"', 

Dear Brother : 

I have been at this place about ten days, and am sur|)iised to 
find a large flourishing Town regurly laid out, well built coiisist- 

oopjirr town in New Brunswick was settled by refugees from Boston before the hostil- 
ities fairly begun. 
In 17S3 about 13000 refugees arrived in Nova Scotia assisted by Gov. Tarr who did 


ing of fibout two thousand houses, man}- of them handsome & well 
finished — And at tlie opposite side tlie river at Carlton about 500 
more houses on a i)leasant situation. A good harbour lies between 
the two towns which never freeses, and where there are large ships 
& many vessels of all sizes. I left Mrs. Putnam & Betsey in Eng- 
land & find that Eben*" sail'd from New York for London about a 
fortniglit before I left it, and where I hope he arrived safe soon 
after my de[)arture. I write to you now only to let 3'ou know 
where I am, hoping to hear from you soon and I hope I shall be 
able to give you more particular accounts of our settlement in due 
time. The Countr}' appears to- me to be very good, and am satis- 
fied will make a most flourishing Province. 

Give m}' love to your wife & children, Brother Archelaus & all 


I am most affectionately j'ours 

James Putnam. 9''' 

Parr River, St. John, New Brunswick, Jany 20, 1785. 
Dear Brother 

I have wrote you once before since my arrival in this 
province. I write again novv least the former may have failed, to 

everytliin-r in his power to help them. Soon however the loyalists about the St. John 
river became dissatisfied with tlie delay in surveying their grants, and witli their rep- 
resentation in tlie assembly. Having influence at court they succeeded in having New 
Brnnswicli set ofl'and a governor, Colonel Carlton, appointed. This news arrived in 
Nova Scotia in August, and in October, Colonel Carlton and family arrive I in the St. 
Lawrence, Captain VVyats, at Halifax from London being out eiglit weeks. On Sun- 
day, Nov. 21, Gov. Thos. Carleton (brother of Baron Dorcliester who was governor gen- 
eral of Canada during the Revolution, untd General Bui'goyne superseded him. Gov. 
Thomas Carleton had commanded a regiment in the Revolution) arrived at St. John 
from Digby and was entliusiastioally welcomed by the Loyalists. He was escorted to 
the house of Mr. Leonard at York Point (close to the estate purchased by Mr. James 
Putnam, in 1785, where he resided for a time. In ls22 it was the residence of Governor 

On the next diiy Governor Carleton was sworn in and also George Duncan Ludlow, 
chief justice, and James Putnam second justice. These with ten others constituted the 
council and were iippointed by the crown. Ward Chipman received appointment of 
attorney general. 

8"J. VV. Lawrence, president of New Brunswick Hist. Soc, in a paper read before the 
society in 1874, "First Courts and Early .Judges of N. B.," says: James Putnam "was 
not one of the original grantees of Land. The lot where he built his house and resided he 
purchased Dec. 13, 17S.5, from John Sayre, Jr. (son of Rev. John Sayre) for £.35: It was 
No. 3(>. east side of Dock Street and the .3d from Union. At this time and for many 
years this was tlie fashionable section of St. John. The price paid by Judge Putnam 
at th;it time seems high." 

Both James and James J. were grantees of Carleton, across the river from St. John. 
in 1783. Daniel Putnam was a grantee of Parr in 1783. 


inform you where 1 am, where I hope and expect to spend the 
remainder of my life and that I am now in good health. 

I left my wife and daughter in London, last Aug'* My son 
Eben arrived there about a fortnight after my leaving it, and will 
I hope, he here with me in the spring all of them. Janies is yet 
at Halifax but I hope he will be able to settle to advantage in 
this Province that my family may be all together, at least in the 
same Province again. 

Yon may wonder perhaps at my saying I hope I am settled in 
this Province for life. That I can be contented or happy in the 
place formerly called Nova Scotia. It is true I have not j'et seen 
much of the Province. But I am now well acquainted with many 
gentlemen of the best credit and veracity, who have seen and well 
know the most of it. And from what I m3^self know and from their 
information, I believe there is not better land in America. 

But tluMi the climate ! You say that is dreadful — I feared it was a 
thousand times worse than 1 (ind it. It is what I will now de- 
scribe, during my residence here which is since about the 10"' of 
Nov. Till sometime in Decem"'- iu general, warmer than the au- 
tumn used to be in N. England. Nor have I seen a foggy day since 
I have been here. 

About Christmas the weather grew very cold and to this time 
has been generally clear and cold, one or two (snow?) interven- 
ing. I have known colder days in N. England &-even in N York 
than any I have seen here yet and not more snow than enough for 
good sleding The greetest dilference between this & N England, 
I believe, is that here the cold last longer in general ; but is sel- 
dom or never colder, or more snow, on the sea coast, than there. 

Everybody will allow there is no better way of judging of the 
quality of the soil, than from what it produces. And I declare I 
never saw so good roots of all Kinds commonly raised in gardens 
and fields as 1 have seen, and have in daily use, here. 

Such as I have seen in the iiardens in this new place, after I 
arrived in Nov^"" raised without manure, exceeded everything I 
ever saw of the kind Turnips beets, potatoes parsnips & cabbages, 
larger & better than au^' 1 ever saw before And there were rhad- 
ishes growing in Col Tyng's garden, without manure, for there the 
frost had not hurt them, as big as my leg and as tender as any used 
to be commonly in the si)ring, I have seen a man by the name of 
Van Jcoik who lives about 60 or 70 miles up tliis river, who has 


been but about two years in this country, who tells me he raised last 
year, a thousand bushels of grain including wheat, rye, barley, 
oats, Indian corn, & i)ease ; above half of the whole wheat fit for 
the market at New York. He lives at a place called Maysville 

I ho[)e the more reason to believe this man as sundry of his 
neighbors have told me they think he has raised as much, I my- 
self have bought of iiiin a (luai'ter of beef, out of a drove he brought 
down tlie river witii him as fat as any beef I have been used to see in 
New or old England. He brouglit twenty with him and says he 
has sixty more fat cattle to bring. 

The i)rice i)aid is dear for America but meat of all kinds here, 
is about the same price it was in the Loudon market. 

I want to see you and ni}' friends, if I have any I dont wish to 
live in your country, or under your government 1 think I have 
found a better No thanks to the Devils wlio have robbed me of 
my property, I do not wish to live with, or see such infernals 

God bless you ! you — wife, your son, your daughtei-, my brother 
&c, who I should be glad to see again, but not in the American 

Forever yours 

James Pctnam. 

St John New Brunnswick, May 13, '85. 
My Dear Brother : 

I vvrote 3'ou last winter by M''. Siniion Jones from 
this place, and I hoped before this to have had a letter from you 
with the agreeable news of your and ^our family's health &c and 
of my brotiier Aiclielaus also. I shall always be glad to hear 
of the health and ha|)piness of you both As to seeing you any 
more you have no reason to expect (in) j^our State. And I fear 
your inclination to see me hear, tho' I doubt not of your esteem 
and love will not be strong enough to overcouie a voyage to this 

You may l)e assurred I should be exceeding happ}' in seeing j'ou 
both heie. I can give 30U a comfortable lodging, and wholesome, 
good fresh provisions, excellent fish and good spruce beer, the 
giowth and manufaeture of our ovvn Province. 

Mrs. Putnam, my daughter Betsey & Son Eben arrived at Hal- 


ifax fiboiit the 27"' of last month on their way to this Province. 
After remaining a few ihi3'S witli my son .hunes at Halifax they will 
come forward. I snppose they are now on their way and 1 expect 
their arrival every moment and then onr rambling beyond the lim- 
its of this Trovince I hope is over. Tho' we should be to glad 
see tiie few friends we have remaining there among 3'on we don't 
wish to give them the pain of seeing lis in your state, which is ev- 
idently overflowing with Freedom : and Liherty^^ without restraint. 

The people of the States nnist needs now be very happy, when 
they can all & every one do just what they like best. No taxes 
to pay No Stamp Act. more monetj than they know what to do 
with Trade and navigation free as air. 

Have they advanced to any promising degree in the art of ba- 
loon making and the navigation of the air. They may be the first 
to have the honor of making a voyage to the moon. It is not al- 
together improbable if the navigation could be made safe, & easy, 
that the balance of the trade in favor of the States, could become 
immediately profitable. And really if they kept it all to them- 
selves only for six or seven years, it seems to me it might go a 
great way toward discharging your national debt. I hope you will 
not communicate this sheet to the Congress without a premium. 
Let (me) be remembered to all your family in the kindest manner 
& to my brother Archelaus to. 

And am ever yours 

James Putnam. 

City of Saint John Janry 22*^ 1786. 

Deak Bkotukr: 

It is not becanse I have any thing very particular 
to write about, that 1 send you this But because I know you will 
be glad to he:\r from me sometimes as 1 am alike gratified of hear- 
ing of your health and prosperity. 

]My family, excei)t my eldest son who is at Halifax arc now to- 
gether here. JNIy wife & son Kben : Avere very sick when they ar- 
rived here, and had long been so, but are now both in good health. 
The climate is undoubtedly one of the healthiest in the world, ow- 

oi'During 1785 Shay's Kebellion occuned in Miismchusetts aud waa put down by Geu- 
eriil Liucola. 


ing to that with tlie pai'ticulixr, attention, care, and skill of Doctor 
Paine, they are well 

Since I wrote you last, I have been up this river about one hun- 
dred miles. It was in August before they had done reaping. I 
made particular observations on many fields of wheat, rye, and In- 
dian corn &c and I am fully satisfied that I never saw apparently 
better crops growing on the ground in any country. I went through 
a field of wheat in a foot path which gave an opportunity of ob- 
serving it the better. And I thought then and do really ])elieve, 
I never saw larger or better growing in the highest cultivated field 
in England. This had been under cultivation ten or twelve years, 
and never had manure put on it. It is however lyable to be some- 
times over run in a high spring freshet. 

It is my opinion that and am very sure I never saw so much good 
land tog( tin r in any part of the world that 1 have been, It wants 
nothing but the common cultivation to be one of the most produc- 
tive countries in the world. I mean particularly for corn & cattle 
you will be surprised perhaps, to hear me say corn Hut in a few 
yeais you will see it fully verified. A gentleman who is one of the 
most distant setters up this river, told me himself, and has been 
confirmed by many others of veracity, who have seen it, that he had 
about seventy acres of wheat on the ground last summer, which on 
an avernge, was supposed from the appearance would yield twenty 
bushels (paise?). He a few days since told me he had threshed 
out about five hundred bushels before he left home, and from what 
that yielded he had reason to suppose it would hold out in that 
proportion. This crop was partly of winter and partly of summer 
wheat, and never a tree out on the place but about two years ago. 

The wheather has been very cold for a week or more the prepart 
of this month, but no one day colder, since I have been in the Prov- 
ince, than I have known in Worcester & New York. The sum- 
mer at Saint Johns are not so hot up the river are much Iiotter than 
here. The southerly winds in summer are cool here but these north 
fogs which frequently come in here go but a few miles up the coun- 

1 have not lime now to write j^ou more particularly 

We hope you and your family are all well 

We all join in hearty wishes for the health and happiness of you 
& family Kemember me to my brother if living. 

Your ever loving brother 

James Putnam 


Saint John Nov' 4*'^ 1786 

Deau Buother 

By Mr. N. V. Call I had your letter of the 11"> of 
Sept. I had not heard till I rec*' yours that Brother Archelaus was 
dead . 

The people of your State seem to be stiring up another revolution 
What do they want now? Do they find at last, to be freed from 
the British Government, and becoming an independaut state does 
not free them from the debts they owe one another, or exempt them 
from tlie charge of taxation. I wish they would pay me what they 
justly owe, they may then have what government ti>ey please, or 
none, if they like that best. As to their connection with European, 
or any other foreign power or state, if tlie affairs of this world are 
corrupt as they always have been, it will depend entirely on the 
principle of advantage. It appears as likely to me that Great Brit- 
ian will resign their sovereignty & independence and give up to the 
American state the advantages resulting from the B)-itish Navigation 
Act. It is an object that a wise administration will never depart 
from. To encourage shipbuilding iiiP'ngland, even in preferance. 
to tlieir own British colonies is now be come an object of great im- 
portance with them. And it is expected there will be a duty laid 
on ships built in the British colonies And the government seems de- 
termined to admit no foreign, on any pretence whatever into a par- 
ticipation of their own carrying trade. Since othec European trad- 
ing nations, and they are almost all of them so, or aiming to be such 
now ; see the <ireat adonntage derived from being their own carriers, 
they will of course entertain the same jelousy of encroachments 
on their own trade and navagation. I don't think there is the least 
probability that the American State will be admitted to participate 
of the advantages of the trade of any European trading nation, par- 
ticularly, England, France, Spain, Portugal, or Holland, farther 
than the interest of each will draw it. Your Southern States hav- 
ing exports that will answer in some foreign markets may do some- 
thing. But I cant conceive how the Northern can expect ever to 
become a trading people. 

As to my own affairs, you know what I receive as a salary from 
govermt. Trivate cliamber business as a Judge may be from £50 to 
a £100 a year more. As to compensation I liave just been informed 
that I stand reported for the next dividend. I am not certain how 
much this tlrst payment is to be but 1 hope not less then £1500 or 

Itaeri Putnam, No. 2'.^28, of Salci 


£2000. Tlu'iv -AW. llinH! eqiiul piiyineuts as 1 am informed, and 
what I now mention is only tlie lirst, and it is for real estate only. 
Loss of business & personal estate is not included in this. I am not 
certain wliat my lirst proportion is l)ut tliink it cant possibly be 
short of £1200. — Tiiis I say to you only. lienj' Massten is at a 
place called Mirimichion the Gulf of the river S''. Lawrence & Coun- 
ty of Northumberland in this Provin(;e. I dont tliink he is able 
to pay any del)ts :it present Perhaps he may be quickly as he is 
mnkiuii,- a seltl(>meut <lk, going into the fishery there. Nath'. Hay- 
ward 1 ('Mil hear nothing of yet. I have a grant of some good lands 
here & may have as nmch more as I want. Mrs Putnam & Betsy 
join in their best wishes for you and your familys health & happi- 

Yours most affectionately 

Jamks Putnam 

Saint Johns Sei't'' 19'" 1787 

DkAK BltOTIlKlt, 

As 1 have so good an ()|)i)ortunity of writing by 
Doctor PaiiKi, I could not excuise myself from writing. It is not 
because I had anything particular i)leasing to write about. On the 
contrary we are pretty gloomy in our family, and have great reason 
for it. My dear & only danghter died on the 14 of Aug, last. 
Tho' she had been ill many weeks we had not the least appre- 
hension of danger till about a week before her death. Her husband 
Mr. Knox was then & now is in Canada. He went away in June 
last ou bnsiness of his oflice. We were all Avell pleased with her 
marriage, and She had a pleasing expectation of living well and 
happy. But that is all over and if there is a* future State of hap- 
piness we have all good reason to hope & believe she will have a 
good portion in it. We hope you and yours are well and so to con- 
tinue for a long time to conje. 

Your affectionate & loving brother 

James Putnam 

S^ John June 28"', 1788. 


The last letter I had from you which is not long 
since gave me the pleasing information of your better health. I 


hope it will long- coutinue, and that you may enjoy the bless- 
ing of health »)^ comforts of your children & family as long as you 
can reasonably expect or desire. 

I and all my family are in pretty good health 1 liopo yours are to. 

My son James has been lately here on a visit from Halifax, for 
the lirst time since I arrived in this country. lie left us very well 
last week. 

I am dear brother ever most att'ectionately yours 

James Putnam 

Judg-e Putnam was the first of the council and bench of 
New Brunswick who died from failing lu>alth : he had not at- 
tended council nu'ctinas for over a year. He died 2o Oct., 
1789, in his sixty-tifth year. Mrs. Putnam survived her hus- 
band nine years. 

In character he was upright and generous ; his health was 
never robust; and loss of country, friends and wealth must 
have been a severe blow. 

Of his life in Londcm I can tind nothing beyond what his 
letters tell us. Chief Justice Parsons said of him, "He was, 
I am inclined to think, the best lawyer in North America." 

Sabine says, "While the majority of the bar took the side 
of the people, the Giants of the Law sided with the Crown." 

In the Cemetery at St. John is the Putnam tomb con- 
taining the remains of Judge Putnam and many of his family. 
The inscription is upon the opposite page. 



To the] MEMORY OF 

TuK Honorable James Putnam Esquire 

Who was Appointed 

A Member of His Majesty's Council 


A Justice of the Supreme Court 

In the Organization of the Government 

OF THIS Province 

At its Original Formation 

A. D. 1784. 

He had been for many years before the war 

Which terminated in the independence 

of THE United States of America 


Under his Majesty 

In the Late Province of Massachusetts Bay 

He Died on the 23'' Day of October A. D. 1789 aged G4 years. 

In this Vault are also Deposited the Remains 

Of his Wife 

Elizabeth Putnam 

Who Died on the 2'' Day of Mat A. D. 1798, a(;ed 66 years. 

And of His Daughter 

Elizabeth Knox 

Who Diedontiie 14"> Day of August A. D. 1787, A<iED 18 years 

And of His Grand Daughter 

Elizabeth Knox Putnam 

Who Died on the 1 9"' Day of November A. D. 1789 A(iED 5 months 

And of His Son 

Ebenezer Putnam Esquire 

A Merchant of this City 

Who Died on the 3'' Day of April A. D. 1798 aged 36 years. 

And op His Great Grand Son 

James Putnam 

Who Died on the 13 Day of Jan. A. D. 1825 aged 11 months 

Vivit Post Funera Virtus 



The term "tory'' as applied to New Eiiiiland loyalists has 
louii' since ceased to he a tenii of reproach. Fortunately the 
terrihle guerilla warfare which engaged the residents of states 
to the south of New England was spared us, so that there are 
no memories of rapes and burnings to renew a hatred which 
was chietly caused by the passions of the hour. The loyalists 
of jNIassachusetts were her best blood. They should be di- 
vided into three classes: those that took scM'vii'e in the British 
army and served against their country (which is truly the 
class we may condemn), those that became refugees and settled 
in foreign lands, and absentees who returned, during and after 
the war, to their homes. This hitter class is nnich larger than 
is generally known. Many of the refugees left relatives here 
wiu) for a while sutfered from their connection, but in many 
cases regained the contidcnce of the people and served in high 
office. The loyalist and [)atriot families were largely connected 
b}' marriage.'"' l^ut no family connection availed in j)reventing 
contiscation of pr()[)erty and banishment. The feeling be- 
tween both {)arties was intense. The whig or popular party 
connnitted acts of violence having no excuse, and which in 
90 per cent of the cases was the cause of the recipients of 
abuse seeking the protection of the Hritish nrniy. We lost 
the representatives of many of our first families and the con- 
dition of atiairs for many years showed this, for the res})ect 
due to magistrates and officers, civil and military, (or many 
years during and after the revolution, ^\■as often very meagre 
and nuich begrudged. However, the remnant of the culti- 
vated class soon resumed their former position and with the 
education of the masses, the true American s})irit overcame 
the at first evident tendency to the revolutionary principles 
afterward rami)ant in France. Stability came from necessity 
and we of Massachusetts can still make the proud claim that 
the best of England's blood is represented on our soil. 

That the heated jiassions soon cooled after the first years 

"9 An instance is that ol'tien. Knox wiio manieil Secretary Tlios. Fluckei's; tlauglitcr. 


of the war is shown by the position I'ctuniing refugees took, 
iind tlie frequent mariiiiges between patriot and refugee fam- 
ilies. One of the prime causes of the flight of many persons 
of wealth and standing was doubtless the fear that rei)ul)lican- 
ism would degenciate into a sort of communism; foi' the 
establishment of a repul)licaii form of government then, was 
to the minds of persons educated undei' monarchical j)rinci- 
ples, as gi'eat a mishap as we to-day would view the estab- 
lishment of the socialistic; party in power at Washington. 

Had men of different calibre than AVashington and his in- 
timates assumed contrcd, the fears of these worthies might 
have been well founded. The feai's of Americans to-day, with 
a vast minority of our people of alien l)irth and education, 
su[)erstitious and lawless, are a thousand times better ground- 
ed than the fears of tlie loyalists of 1775. 

Note.— In June, 1783, the British Parliament appointed a committee to examine into 
tlie conditions and claims of the American refu^^ecB. In I'ilO the twelfth and last report 
oCthis committee was presented. ^i2ir> claims had l)cen examined of which .'{4:5 had liecn 
disallowiMl, :W witlidrawn.5'»:5not prosecuted, leaving 'i-i!)! claims favoi-ahly considered, 
'rtie \vh(di; aTMonnl of (•laiTiis i)rcferred was £10,:5.')8,4i:i, or about $50,000,000 in our money 
and <d' tlii-i i::!.0.'5:i,'.U0 was allowed. 

The annual pension list was £2."). 785 besides generous annual payments to .OSH per- 
sons chiefly widows, orplians and nierc,liants 

Sir William Peppered was the agent of the Massatjliusetts Ijoyalists. 

About :iO,000 loyalists were driven to NovaScotia, New Brunswick, and other parts of 
Canada. 13,000 were from New England in one year, 1782. Many others settled in the 
IJarbadoes, Florida and the West Indies. 

One of th(! most dilliiudt questions was in regard to the settlement to be maile with 
the tory who had sufl'ered (ionfiscation and banishment for the cause of the Crown. The 
British Government was rjulteUrm in its demand that the U. S. recognize the tory .and 
make good their losses. Tliis was declared impossible by Franklin who said the com- 
mission had no power, nor did Congress itself do moi'e tlian recommend the tories 
to tlie clemency of the different state governments. 

"Franklin demonstrated tliat Great Britain had forfeited every right to intercede for 
them by its conduct and example, -So wliieli end li(! read to Oswald the orders of the Brit- 
ish in Carolina for confiscating and selling the lanils and projierty of all jiatriots, under 
the direction of the military". Bancroft's Hist. Vol. x. Chap. 29. 

'•The Am. Comm. agreed that there should 1)0 no fuillierconrtscation nor prosecutloiis 
of loyalists, that all jiending prosecutions should be .iiscoiitinued, and the Congress 
should recommend to the several states and tlieir legislature, on behalf of the refugees, 
amnesty and restitution of their conllscated property." Bancroft's Mist. Vol. X, Chap. 29. 

Dr. Ramsay says "From the necessity of the case, the loyalists were sacriflced, noth- 
ing fiirtlier than a simple recommendation for restitution being sti|>ulatcd in their favor." 

Ramsay further says to many worthy tories, restitution was made, according to recom - 
mendatioii of Congress. V(d. ii, Cliap. 27. 

The return of the tories to their homes was not at all relished by their former neighbors 
and often outrages were committed on the persons and property of returning loyalists. 

246 iiiSTOiJY or titk potnaim family. 

V. 380 Col. Enoch (Jethro, James, JoJni, Joint), born 
ill Salem Village, 18 Feb., 1731-32; died in Daiivers about 
179(5; nianied, (irst, in Diinvcrs, 12 April, 1754, Hannah 
Putnam who was born 13 Ma}', I73(i, died 18 Dee., 177(5; 
married, seeond, 2") Mar., 1778, Fdi/abeth Strallon, oi' \A\\- 

Children, by lirst wife, horn in Danvers : 

972 -iKriiKO, 1). '22 l)(>c.. 175;'.; d. May, 1815. 
!)7;5 A>;na, b. 22 April. 175;t. 
!)7-t Fanny, b. 7 Aiiii.. 17(14; d. 2S .lime, 1S5S; m. .loscph rutiuiiu (No. 

880) . 
!)75 Hannah, b. 2-1 May, 1771; d. 20 June, bs.'SO; m. 'rimotliy rutnaiu 
(No. 837). 

Enoch Putnam lived in Danveis on the old homestead. 
in 1757, ho was Hrst eleeted to a town othee, and eoutinucd 
for nearly forty years servino' the (own in one ('ai)acity or 
another. He held previous to (he Revolulion, (he ollices 
of hiii'hway surveyor, warden, constable, tythinginan, and 
during and al'ter (he Revolution he held still more important 
positions, serving on committees to see about raising the 
necessaiy men for the army, taxes, sn[)i)lies of beef for the 
army, schools, highways, etc. He was often moderator at 
the town meetings. 

In 1775, he went to Lexington, u})on the alarm, as lieu- 
tenant of Capt. Israel IIu(chinson's comi)any. This com[)any 
suUered as much if not more, (han any other single company 
in that tight. Those of its membvrs who were killed were 
Perley Pulnam and Jotham Webb; A'athan Pu(nam was 

Jethro Pulnam the son o( Knoch was also at Lexington 
being in Capt. rleicmiah Page's company, of which ct)ni[)any 
Henry Putnam was lieutenant. 

By 177(1, Enoch Putnam was captain and shortly after was 
commissioned colonel. 

V. 384 John {Eleazer, Eleazer, Jo/ni, Jolni), born in 
Preston, Coiuu, 13 May, 1734; died there 10 Aug., 1786; 


inni-ried there 25 Feb., 1762, Murthu Woodward of Presloii'™' 

who died 25 Dec., 1798. 

Chihlren, I)orii in Preston : 

!»7() Hannah, b. J Jan., I7(i3; iii. Nailiiiii VVilliiinis of Prcsl.oii. (!li.: 
Fiiiiny, 1). 3 July, 1784; m. 24- Oct., 1802, Eleazer Mather. 
JJcitscy, )). ] Apr., 1780; m. 17 Feb., 1805, Dr. Eleazer Baker. 
Waty, b. ;i() Mar., 1788; in, 1 Jan.. 1809, William Tyler."" The 
parents lived at Brooklyn, Conn., as late as 18138. 
977 .John, I). 7 Mar., 17G5 ; livin.^• at Preston in 1780. 
!)78 Eunice, b. G or 7 Apr., 1707; ni., 1st, Davis DunneU. CJi. : Davis 
and Jolin. Mi's. Dunnell ni., 2nd, Jolin Ileament and was mother 
l^y him of several children. They lived in Manlna, N. Y. 

979 Jkdidiaii, b. 6 Feb., 1709; d. Volney, N. Y., 1820. 

'.)S0 MAKTirA, b. 23 Mar., 1771 ; ni. Jesse Cheeseljoro of New London 
(another account, Slonin.i'lon), Conn., and had five sons and 
three dan,<i,hters. This family settled in New York State;. 

DHl CiiAiu.OTE, b. 22 or 2:5 May, 1775; m., 1st, Ebenezcr Curtis and had 
Charlotte, Sophia and Ebcne/.er; m., 2nd, VVllliani Gray, and 
had one son in 18.">9. This family lived at Mantua, N. Y. 

John Putnam's name i.s on the Connecticut " Lexin<^ton 
A hirm Lists " a.s "sergeant" and he is credited with thn.'e 
days' service. He also served in the army for a shoit [)eii()(l. 

V. 385 Charles {Eleazer, Eleazer, John, John), horn 
at Preston, Conn., 13 Oct., 1737; died in Paris, N. Y., 
previous to 183.S ; married 27 May, 1762, Martha Rose of 
Norwich. They removed from Preston to Paris, N. Y. 
about 17 65. 

Chihlren : 

982 FuiODKRiCK, I), in Preston, 20 Au^-, Ht;;!. 

983 PvTJCAZioK, b. in Preston, 4 Dec, 1704. 

984 Sarah. 

985 Ai'PiiiA. 

980 Catiiicuink. 

V. 388 Samuel (Jeptha, Eleazer, John, John), born 
in Salem ViUage, 19 May, 1727; married 22 Sept., 1757, 
Kezia Ilayward. TJved in Sutton. 

I"" Family Kecords ntntc that, lici' name was Tlionison; the Town Records, Woodward. 
"" Emily Cecelia, a daii. ol Wm. and Waty (Williams) Tyler, b. .{ Sept., ISll ; m, !) 
June, 1837, Daniel Putnam Tyler, a descendant of Gen. Israel Putnam. See No. 070. 


Child : 

987 IIoAVAHi), 1). , 1758: k\\W{\ in hiitllc diiriiiii- llic Kevciliition. 

V. 391 Fuller {JepfJia, Eleazev, John, JoJni), born m 
Salem Village, 13 Jan., 1731 ; died at Sutton ; married, first, 
4 Dec., 1752, Mary, danoht(M' of Stehhins and Kuth Cuin- 
mings, of Sutton, born 22 Oct., 1733; married, second, 23 
Nov., 1756, Eunice Ilayward. 

Children : 

988 David, b. 2(; Jan., 1753. 

!)89 Eli, b. 27 Sept., 1754; d. s. p. prov. to 18;55; m. Elizabeth, dan. of 
John and Hannah (Greenwood) Harback. Removed to Ludlow, 
Me. He owned land and a mill in Ballston, now Jefterson, Me. 
which he sold prior to 1806. A bridge over the Sheepscot 
River was long known as " Putnam's Bridge." 
990 Ruth, b. 4 Dec., 1757. 
991 John, b. 8 July, 1760. 

992 jKrxHA, b. 24 Sept., 1762. 

993 Sakah, b. 20 July, 1765; ni. , 1785, Nathan Putnam. 

994 Lucy, b. 16 Feb., 1768; m 9 Mar., 1791, Tyler, son of Caleb and 

Ruth (Dodge) Marsh, of Sutton. Ch. : Betsey, b. 28 Dec, 1793. 
Seraph, b. 7 Apr., 1796. Harriet, b. 28 May, 1798. Lewis, b. 
22 Oct., 1800. Willard, b. 17 June, 1802. 

995 UuiiY, b. 20 Sept., 1770. 

996 Piu'DY, b. 20 July, 1774; m. 1 Jan.. 1794, Caleb, son of Panl and 

Sarah (Putnam) Sibley, of Sutton, b. 16 Aug., 1771. 
996(« Perhaps a son Rufus. 

Fuller Putnam lived in Sutton. He served in the Wor- 
cester Regiment, at Fort Dummer, N. H., from 13 July, to 
12 Oct., 1749, during the Indian war. 

V. 393 John {Jeptha, Eleazer, John, John), born 
27 July, 1738; married 9 April, 1761, Mary, daughter of 
Jacob and Mary (Marble) Cummings, of Sutton, born 5 May, 
1741. The widow INIary was appointed administratrix of the 
estate of her husband, late of Sutton, 29 April, 1771. 

Children, born in Sutton : 

997 Rebecca, b. 13 Sept., 1763. 

998 Jacob, b. 21 Nov., 1764. 

999 John, b. 18 Mar., 1766. 


1000 Olive, b. 28 Auii'., I7(;7;ni. Marble.'"-' Cli. : John rutuuiii, 

Avlio lived ill Worcester. 
1001 Si.MKox, b. 10 Aug., 17(;i). 

V. 395 Benajah {Jiq)(1ia, Eleazer, John, John), hoiii 
7 Sept., 1747; c^iod some years i)revi()(is to 1835; iiiiii'ried 
13 ])ec., 1770, Sariili Fitts, daughtei- ot Jonathan and Maiy 
(Iliitcliinson) Fitts, horn 12 Se[)t., 1747 (History of Sutton, 
[);ige ()41). Ivenioved from Sutton to Montpelier, Vt. 

Children : 

1002 S.\i!.\ii, b. 5 July, 1771 ; married 30 Sept., 1803, Peter StockAvcU. 

1003 riiKinc, b. 20 Nov., 1773; in. 15 Feb., 171)5, Samuel Dudley. 

lOOJr Mi<:iirr.\iu.K, 1). 25 \\}x., 1775; m. C;ii)t. Samuel, sou of Aljihcus 
and Anna (Dudley^ Marble of Sutton, b. 27 Mar., 177G. Cli. : 
Samuel. Alpheus. Leonard. 
1005 Ann,'"Mj. U May, 1777. 
1006 Aiii.iAii, b. 30 July, 1779. 
1007 EuNiCK,'"^ b. 17 June, 1782. 
loos Moi.LY, b. 2 May, 1784; m. Andrew Sil)ley. 
100!) James, b. 2 Nov., 178G; d. at IMontpelier, Vt., in 1813. 
1010 Sylvkstkk, b. 11 .May, 17!)1. 

V. 396 Gideon {Jeptlui, Eleazer, JoJin, JoJni), born 
; married 28 N()\\, 1775, Abigail Holten, i)erha[)s 

daughter of eTolm and Ann llolten, (jf Sutton, born Nov., 

Children : 

1011 Gideon, b. 7 June, 1770. 

1012 Nabhy, b. 23 Apr., 1778. 

1013 Ai;te:\ias, b. 31 May, 1780. 

He is [irobably the Gideon Putnam who marched to Lex- 
ington and served two weeks in Caj)t. John Putnam's com- 
pany from Sutton, (iideon Putnam removed from Sutton 
to Calais, Me. 

V. 397 Samuel (>Samuel, Eleazer, John, John), \)ornm 
Salem Village, 13 June, 1741 ; died prior to 1781 ; married 

ics Since p.'ige 2IS wiis printed I h.ive learned Uiat No. i)97 married IG Nov., 1784, Aaron 
Marble of Uluullon. Cli.; Jacob. Aaiou. Ilutli. Luther. Mason. Sarah, lliiam. 

1"'' Onf 111. a Knight ;ind the other a naniiett; Loth lived in Montjielier, Vt. ■ 


250 iiisrouY OF Tin-: i'utnaim fariily. 

f) Mmv, IK),'), Lvdia 1*ii(ikiiu (honi in Dauvcrs 17Il'), who 

married, si-coiul, ('apt. 'riinoUiy Tauc of New Salem, and 

had, besides tiirei> (hmuhliTs, ^^'iUiam, one ol' the lirst sel - 

tiers of Sprinuiield, Oneida Co., X. Y., and As;ihel ot New 


C'liil(h'en, horn in l)an\'ei's : 

lt»l( l.Yi'iA, 1). ;» April, ITiU: in. Sliaw. ScmtuI cliildriMi. 

I(>1."> I\Iai;v. 1). ;i Anii' , 17<i'>; lUMrrii'd Dnuii'l Fuluaui. I'ivc cli. 
ion; S\i:.\ii. h. L'l ,Ian., 17(i7; iii. Col. .lacol) I'liliiaui Avlio d. Isr.O, 
aged t)l. 

V. 399 Tarrant (."^annicl, Eleccjcr, JoJm. John). l)oin 
in Salem Village, ^S Feh., 17 1.") : administration on his estate 
lo widow, () May, 177() ; married 1(! Nov., 17()8, Sarah Page, 
who married, second, Capt. Robert FosttM" ot" reNohilionary 
fanu> and \vi'll known to Salem by his action at the North 
liridge alfaii', called "Leslie's ]\etreat.*" Children by him 
were, Abigail mairied Ueiijamin Cheever. Hannah married 
Samnid ^\'est. Nan^-y'"' married ("'apt. Sanuud Flint . Lydia 
died young. Koberl died in war. Daniel. 

Children : 

1017 Sakmi, 1). :> Oct.. 17(;:); (1. L'S Feb., ls:)S- 111. Capl. lliv.ckiali 


1018 Ki.i/AUKTTi, 1). ;i Auii'.. 1771 : in. .John Derby. 
KU'.i Sa^u-ki., b. ;'.0 ,lnly, 177:1; d. '.) Mar.. IS:'!!. 

1020 I'KKi.KV, b. IC. Occ, 177(;. 

Takrant Tutnaji was graduated from Harvard College in 
17();>. In ,]une, 1772, ho was one of the c(dnmitte(.' ap[)oint- 
0(1 I)\' the town "to take into considei at ion the condition of 
our civil liberties."" He was a private in Captain Isi'ael 
nu*.chinson"s com[)any ;md marched to Lexington on the 
alarm of UMh April, 177f). 

He was a blight, pr(»gressive man, popular and fearless. 

1 I Tlu'ir ihiu., iSIavy, m. Dr. Elislia (Jiiiniliy aiul bad .\iui Maty ;i iinisic teacher in 
SakMii. Klisha Ui'ivoy il. y. Or. Kli^lia Horvi'y. (ieorgc AiigiK-^tiis. Saiinn.'! Foster, a 
pliy iciaii in Salem. Feidinaiul I'ago. 


V. 406 Eleazer {Savinel, EJeazer, Jo/in, ./o/m), born 
in D.iiivcrs, 4 M:iy, 1759; died llicn; ;!0 iM:iy, 1836; mar- 
ried in Middletoii, 29 Jan., 1784, Sand), daughter of Arche- 
Imiis and licit j (Dale, widow of Isracd J^itnani) Fuller, of 
iMiddleton, who died at Dan vers 20 Dec, 1802. She Avas 
l)()i-n 17 Fcl)., 17(12. He nianicd, second, 18 Sept., 1803, 
Mrs. Sally Webster ofDanvers, wh()di(!d 19 Feb. ,1808. She 
was the widow of Lake Webster and daughter of Jiidue Sam- 
uel Holten. Married, third (published 10 Nov., 1815), Bor- 
eas Foster, of Middlcton ; born in IJoxCoid, and who died 2 
Oct., 1835, aged 63 years. 

Children, born in Danvei's : 

1021 Sai.i.y, 1). 14 Dec, 1784; d. 14 ALi.i,^, 1811. 
1022 lsi:Ai;r. Waiiijiimox, b. 24 Nov., 1780; d. ?, May, 18(58. lie as- 
siiincd llic inidillc name of Warhurtoii in after life, l)y act of 
102P. BiCTSKY, b. 22 Dec, 1788; d. in Middlel)oroii.<^ii, 1 .Jan., 18«8; m. 
Pope, of Dan vers. 

1024 Ai:cni;i,Aus, b. 3 Oct., 1702: d. in l^everly, 11 An.^., 


1025 Samd-.i,, b. 11 .Iiily, 1794; d. in Brooklyn, 20 Mar., 18.7J. 
102(; Mai:v, b. l.'J Nov., 1801 ; d. 11) Dec, 1802. 

By second wife : 

1027 Maiiy Ann, b. '> Aug., 1805; d. 15 Nov., 1844; m. .Tolin Taylor, of 

Boxford, who d. 30 JTov., 1827; m., 2d, 18.30, Rylvanns 

B. .Swan, who d. 2.'> Jan., 1880. Mr. Swan Avas b. in Bristol, 
N. II., in 1800; m., 2d, 1840, Lydia Adams, of Londondei-ry, 
who survived liini. By iiis 1st wife lie liad three daus., one d. 
in inf. ; the others in 1857. 

Eleazer Putnam was a farmer and surveyoi' in Danvei-s. 
For many years he was -constable and tax collector, tything- 
man, and held various other offices. He w\as universall}^ 
liked and respected and was known as "Squire Ely." 

He and his sons Arehelaus and Samuel, were very tall. 
Israel was of medium height.- All of the children had l)iue 
eyes and brown liaii-, excepting Israel whose hair was v(!ry 
dark. The gravestones of Samuel, father of Eleazer, and of 
his children are in the burying ground on Nichols street. 


V. 407 Hannall (Saiuuel, Eleazer, Joltu, Jol/ii), horn 
in Danvcrs, 1 Fel)., 17(;2 ; died 23 Aiii:., ITIK!; iiinn icd, 11 
Dec, 1783, Major Elijah, sou of Saniiiei and Kd(; (Upton) 
Flint; l)orn in Daiivers, IG July, 17()2 ; died 2(; Nov., 1841. 
He married, secondly, 7 March, 17i)7, Eli/ahelh, (l,ini:liler 
of Asa and Sarah Piitiiani, who was bom 2 Fel)., 17()7 ; died 
27 Ma»ch, 1853. Elizabeth (Putnam) Flint was of slioht 
build and like most of her family had bj.iek eyes and daik 

Children, born in Peabod}^ then South Danvers : 

1028 Betsy, b. 31 Oct., 1784; d. 20 Mar., 1840. 

1029 Samuel, b. 8 Jan., 17S7; ni. Sarah Carter. 

1030 Elijah, b. 23 April, 1789; m. Mrs. Maiy (T(>wksl)ury) P.rnce; 

m., 2d, Esther Newton Clay. 

1031 PicKLEV, b. 4 Aug., 1791; d. Jnly, 1S33, nnni. 

1032 Tarrant Putnam, b. 21 Mar., 1795; d. In Belmont, Ohio, 8 Oct., 

1822; m. Eunice llealey, of Lynnfield. 

Children of Major Elijah and Elizabeth (Putnam) Flint : 

1033 Hannah, b. 13 Jan., 179«. 

1034 Charlotte, b. 12 May, 1801; ni. !» ]\Iar., l.sis, Nathaniel Pope. 

Lives in Roxbury. 

1035 Thomas, b. 11 Oct., 1802; ni. Jan., 18;il, Mrs. Sophia Fellows 

(Clark), wid. of David Needham ; shcwnslj. 180(!. 
lOoC, Mary P., b. 29 Mar., 1805; ni. BcnjaniiM Xeedhani. 
1037 Kendall, b. 4 Fel)., 1807; m. Mary C. dan. of I'liineas Carltou ; 

physician in Haverhill; graduated Amherst 1831. 

V. 408 Henry {llennj, Eleazer, JoJm, John), bom in 

Danvers, 1737 ; died in Danvcrs, ; married 8 Mar., 

1762, Sarah, (No. 928), daughter of Jonathan and Sarah 
(Perley) Putnam, born 2 March, 1738. 

Children, born in Danvers: 
1038 Allen, b. 25 Oct. 1762. 

1039 Alice. \ ,,_.,j,j. ,,^, y^^. ^^j,,^.^,, ,,f Xorth 

1040 Olive, b. 25 Sept., 17G4. I'ansh Church, 3IJn]v, 17C8. 
1041 Jonathan, b. 13 Sept., 17G0. ) 

1042 PaiODA, bapt. 30 Oct., 1708. 

1043 Frederick. 

1044 LucRETiA, bapt. 25 Nov., 1770; m. Jolm Wells. 

1045 Mary Cheever. 


V. 409 Eleazer {JJeiir;/, Ehazer, John, Jolni), hovw 
iii Daiiveis, 5 fJiiiu!, 1738; diod prohnbly in l^OO; :i(lniiiiis- 
tralioii on liis estate granted 14 March, 180G, "Eleazer Piit- 
nani of jNIedlbrd, yeoman." His children aic described in a 
doeunient at Ihc Middlesex Probate Cotirl, as "Samuel, vic- 
tualler ; Elijah, now out of this g-ovennnent." 

lie married Mai-}' Crosby of Billerica, published in Charles- 
town, 20 Mar., 17(51 (Wyinan). 

Eleazer Putnam was in Ca[)t. Isaac Hull's com[)any and 
received credit for five days' service on the Lexington 

Children : 

104(! Samukl, I). : d. 11 mil. A (x^ordin.2; to f.iinil\' tradition (Pnt- 

nanis of Cortland, N. Y.) Saninel went South; bat in ISOfl Ave 
flucl him quit-claiming' land in Topshatn, Me., to William Put- 
nam and styling himself " of Medford, victualler, yent." This 
William Putnam "yeoman" of Topsham, sells this same land 
or part of it, the same year. In 1809, William -was of Turner, 
Me. (Keg. of Deeds, Wiscasset, Me). This William had pre- 
viously in 1803, joined with the heirs of Samuel Thompson, in 
deeding land in Topshain. to Samuel Putnam of Medford. "The 
land "wliere William Putnam now lives." 

1047 John. 

1048 Henry. 

1049 Elijah, b. 17G!). ^ 

1050 Hannah, m. Eben Thompson. 
IO.jI Rhoda, m. Locke. 

V. 411 Roger { Henry, Eleazer, John, JoJin,) born in 
Danvcrs, 10 Oct., 1743; "Eleazer Putnam, yeoman, a[)- 
pointcd udministr.itor on csttite of Roger Putntim of Med- 
ford, yeoman, 4 Get., 1797"; t.axed tit Charlestown, 17G4. 

Children : 

1052 Saixy, b. 1774; d. 1858; m. inCambiidge, 14 Jan., 1708, 

Adam, son of Lieut. Samuel and Susanna (Francis) Cutter of 
CliarlestOAvn, b. 12 Apr., 1774; d. 1855. Ch. : Harriet, m. 182G, 
Charles Whittemore. Sarah, m. 1819, I'hilip Whittemore. 
Charles, of Arlington; and live others. See p. 1G4 Cutter Gen. 
1053 John, b. Apr., 1777. 

1054 Hknky. 
1055 GiLBKKT, b. 1785. 

254 IIISTOKV (>K TllK IHl'NAM 1'A>11LV. 

105G nv\ lu. 1). in Miilfonl, l?0 April. 17:M. 

1057 Hi'.N.i.vMiN, liviiiii' ill WiilllKiiu. is;'.i;. 

1058 CiiAiiiKs. oi' l'ii;irU'stoM\i. 
1050 l"iiKM:/i:iJ, o{' t'lmriostoAvn. 

V. 413 Billings 1 /A ;//•//, /'Jearjo-, ./"//;/. .A>//;/) . luuii 
in |);mvi'i's. 11 M:iy, ITlii; dii'd ill \('\vi)mT[>or( , 2S,l;in., 
1814: Mianioil i;» Apiil, 177,"), llaiin.iii \\'iiM- Allen, of Now - 
Imii'\ port , lK)ni in N\'\vl)ury, !• N(>\., 17")(); diinl II Orl.. 
171)^; ni:iri-iiMl, schmiuI. 1 "J Nov , ISIO, M.iiy ll:inis. 

C'liiKlroii : 

1060 -loiiN Ai.i.KN, h. LT \i>v.. i:::.; il. l'.» ,liiu,, is-j;'.. 

lOtll llKNKY. h. ;!0 Mar., 1777: .1.. num., \C, Koh.. 17!»4. 

1(M;l> Joanna, h. ;5 Fi>l>.. 177;>: d . umn.. it April. 1S07. 

10(;;5 Uannui. b. M Juno. 1781; d. L'l July, 1S;U : m. John lliinly, of 
lV>>'r lsU\ Mo 

lOt'.l AiTiiiA. 1). IL' Juno. 17v><;'.; d. L'O Oct.. 17S;5 

l()i;r> Ari'uiA, 1). 1.". Nov.. 17SI; d., uiun.. IT. Fob.. 18tU». 

Uiili: Jank. 1> -L' Apr.. KSiI: d. I'D Nov.. ISIS; lu.. hut no i-li. 

lOiw IvKUiaxw, 1). in Dnnvors. 7 .\pr.. 17;>1; il. 20 Nov.. ISIS: ui. i;t 
Fob., IS0'.>. 'riioniiis. son of 'riionuis ;nul Kaolicl i^Moore"! Ohip- 
iiiau. a niaiinrr: 1>. in Now London. Ot.. II .Vui;'.. 177S; d. in 
Ni'W OrKaiis, iM) May. ISi;;. Tlioy livod in N^oulniryporl . 'I'lio 
fatlior of 'riiomas cMiipnian -wjis a soooiul oonsin of lion. W;ird 
(.'liipnian. tlio loyalist i^soo p. ;>01. Vol. xi, F.ssox lust. Hist. 
(\>1.\ (,'li. : Hannah Wior. b. 7 May. ISOrt; ui.. 1st., Josoph 
(\irlton. of Wost No^vbury; in , I.M. Jool H. Farkor, of Wost 
Nowbnry. who d. ."> Apr., IS.M. 'I'lioiuas Josoph, b. S Apr., iSll, 
a ship (.'ariH'Utor at AVost >;o\vbury. r>oujainiii Fntuaiu, b. Jan., 
d. L'O Sopt , isi;?, 

IOCS nn.i.iNtls. b. (; Sopt., 17>Jr. : d. 11? Nov., 1800, 
1069 JosiUMi. 1>. l."> Apr.. 17;>4; d. If. Juno, 187.", 

V. 414 Dr. Beiljamiu ( /A';/r//, EIc(i.:c)\ Jo/nhJo/m), 
liiMii in Pnnvors ; died in S:iv;inn;ih, (in., 1801: ni. Ann 

Sophia, daijolitor ot' AK^xainlof and i^Thiu'o) Maloolin, 

of ^^asllinoton. Aloxandor Maloolm a .and 
had boon an ollicof in tlio lifitish Aini\ . 

C'hi'i»hiMi : 

1070 John, d. boforo ISOl, at a voiy tondor aiiv. 

1071 Uia.KN, d, boforo 1801, at a vory tondor a,iio. 

1072 Aiiusrrs 

1073 John l.1i'ST.vvf$. b. in Savannah, Ga.. 17iH!. ' 


UI71 CiiAi;i.i:s, 1". 17'.t7; il. uiiiii. ; miuisU'V at Dar'u'ii, (!a., 1!^I7. 

107.> Cauoune, d. ill Now .Irrsoy, Orl;., is;'.',»; m., IslC, IV'ter 

Mitchcl, -who dk'd on his way to Florida, in JNov., 18Ji). 

No issue. 
1076 Bkn.iamix Ai.KXANDiou, b. 1804. 

Do'TOit Pi :tna:m scrvtul as suiii^oon in the artny (Itirinii' a 
portion of the Ivevoliilion and was niarriod siiorlly al'lcr tlial 
war, when he removed to the South, and settled near Sa- 

V. 417 Caleb {Caleb, John, John, John), Itorn in Dan- 
vcrs, 10 Feb., 1725; died there 17 A[)i'il, 1751; married 
Elizabeth Nurse, who married, second, Timothy Pulnani, 
and third, Kieliard Upliani, and settled al)oul 17(il in i\Iait- 
land, N. 8. (See under Timotliy Putnam No. o\\). 

Caleb Putnam and wile Kli/abeth joined the chureh ',\ Auu., 
1746. He was styled "yeoman." Kli/alieth Upham and her 
sons AYilliam and Moses l*utnam, were, in 177,'), heirs to an 
estate in Danvers. 

CMiildren : 

1077 William, hapl. North I'arisli, UanviTS, 10 Auu'., KIC. /5ti<~^<='^^ 
1077rt Mosios, bapt. Nortii I'avish, Danvers, !"> May, 17-tS; drowned pre- 
vious to 1773 wliile crossiiii;- one of Mie bays of Nova Scotia; 

" d. s. p. 

1078 Calkb, bapt. North rarisli, Danvers, i:. ,Inne, I7:.0. 

V. 421 Peter {Caleb, John, John, John),\H)y\\ in Dan- 
vers, 2 duly, 1735; will dated 21 Nov., proved 7 Dee., 
1773; imirried in Danvers, 27 duly, 175(), Lydia, daughter 
of Samuel and Margaret (Pratt) P^udicott, born 1734; mar- 
ried, second, Rebecca, daughter of Jethro PtitiL-im (No. 3(55) 
born 5 Se[)t., 17;)(», who is mentioned in his will. 

In this will he names "brother-in-law Knoeh Putnam" to 
be executor. In 1774, l Jan., ,Ierem:ah Pag(! is appointed 
guardian of Peter, Hannah, fb)lm, Maiy, and Caleb. 

Children, born in Danvers : 

1071) Anna, b. 4 July, 175(5. 

1080 Petku, b. 15 Jan., 1758. There arc two I'etor rntiiams of Danvers, 
ou the Lexington alarm lists. 


1081 CviJ-.H, b. 20 Jan., 17:)9; d. 7 May, 17(U. 

1082 Hannah, b, 13 Mar., I7G1; d. in Daiivors, Jan., 1S54. 

1083 John, b. 20 Sept , 1702. 

1084 Mauy, b. 7 Sept., 1764. 

1085 Cai.ich, b. 3 Jul3S 176G. 
108i> Lois, l)apt. G March, 17G8. 

1087 Lyui.v, bapt. 2 Ju'y, 17(19. 

1088 llEBKCCA, bapt. 2G April, 1772. 



These notes were collected some years since with the intention of pub- 
lishing a genealogical history of tlie family in its several branches. In the 
course of the investigations toward this end, the compiler received much 
help from Edward J). Putnam, Victor C. Putman, DeWitt C. Putman and 
Mrs. Brown. As DeWitt C. Putman announced his purpose of preparing a 
genealogy of the family furtlier researches were abandoned. Mr. Putman 
has probably more material than any other person, and it is to be h(jped he 
will be able to publish tiie results of his investigations, wliicli have shown 
the existence of otiier families of Putmans than tliosc descended from Jan 
Putman. However, the brief genealogy which follows will undoubtedly 
prove of some service to the many and widely scattered members of the 

I I. Jan or Johannes Putman, of Schenectady was the 
founder of the principal Putman family in America. His parent- 
age is at present unknown. It is supj)osed he was born in Hol- 
land in 1645. In 1661, he was 16 years of age, and at that date 
a resident of Albany. He and his wife, were killed by Indians 
at the burning of Schenectady, 8 Feb., 1 690. He married Corne- 
lia, the daughter of Arent Andriese and Catlyntje,* (dau. of 
Andries De Vos) Bratt, of Schenectady. 

On the 14 Sept., 1661, Jan Hendrickse Van Bael apprenticed 
Jan Putman for three years to Philip Hendrickse Brouvver. 

* Catlyntje De Vos was three times married, first to Bratt (by whom 
she had: Aefie, married to Claas I'Vederickse Van Petten; Ariaaritj(!, married 
first Ilelmer OtUm, second, 1070, Reyer Schermerhorn; Andri(!s, killed by 
the Indians, 1090; Cornelia, born 105/3, married Jan P<jiitrriaii; Samuel; 
Dirk: second, to P>arent Jans Van Ditmar, who was killed 1090; and third, 
in 1091, to (Jlaas Van Bockhoven. Jler will was made in 1099, but 
she lived till 1712. In this latter year a division of her estate was made 
between the following parties, by agreement dated August lltli: Anne, 
Arent Bratt (son of Andries), Sarrniel Brat, Dirk Brat, ('laas van Petten 
and Eva (Aefie), "syn-wyf" Heyer Kchennerliorn and Arianetie his wife, 
Arant Pootman in behalf of Victor Pootman, David Pootman, Maria Poot- 
man " wyf van Steven Cofooy,"(Jattolina Pootman " wyf of Cornelius Post," 
children of Cornelia Brat, " housewife" of Johannis Pootman, etc. 

Thus it will be seen that Pootman was connected witli the leading 
families f)f Schenectady Patent, particularly the Sohernierhorns and Bratts. 
In thedivi'^ion above mentioned among tlie signers were Cornelius Pootman 
and David "Potman." The deed was recorded May, 1715, at Albany and 
may be found in Book I. 



"Soo heeft Jan Hendr. \'an Bael besteet ende Philip Hendr* 
Brouwer aen genomen Johannes Pootman, jong gesel out jegen- 
wordich omtrent sestien jaeren" to serve said Brouwer, "van 
drye achtereen volgende jaaren." Although but sixteen Jan 
signed his name "in a clear and beautiful hand," a somewhat 
unusual accomplishment for the time and place. Upon Brou- 
wer's removal to Schenectady the boy went with him. Brouwer 
died early in 1664. Eighty gulden a year was the recompense 
Putman received in lieu of outfit. Pearson already quoted 
largely, states that the house lot of Jan Putman, was on the 
north corner of Union and Ferry streets, having a front of 100 
feet on the former street: later he bought the 100 feet next west 
of Jan Roeloffse, son of the well known Anneke Janse. 

In Colonial times the law of primogeniture prevailed in New 
York, thus the right to his father's lands fell to Arent, the eldest 
son. He, on 6 Apr., 1709, conveyed a part of the above de- 
scribed land to his brother Victoor. 

Children, born at Schenectady, all living in 1712: 

2 Arent. 

3 Maritie, wife of Steven Cofooy in 1712; m. Stephen Bedent. 

4 Victoor. 

5 David, no trace after 1713. 


7 Catalyntje, m. prior to 1712, Cornelius Post. 

II 2. Arent {Jan), born at Schenectady, probably about 
1675; married Lysbet Akkerman. Very little is known about 
Arent, he sold land in Schenectady, to his brother Victoor, in 
1709; and in 1720 was a freeholder there. In 1713 he is de- 
scribed as a "weaver." June, 1733, he leased of Peter Brower, 
a tract of land which said Brower had from an Indian, July, 
1730, and which was situated on the south side of the Mohawk 
River, beginning at Ochrachqua, or Auries Creek. He probably 
removed thither at that time, as he was living in 1754 in the 
"Maquaas country." 


8 Janetje, bapt. Albany, 12 June, 1709; m. Thomas Harris. 

9 Johannes, bapt. 21 Oct., 1711. 
10 Lodewyck, bapt. 14 Nov., 1713. 


11 David, bapt. 3 Oct., 1715. 

12 Cornelia, bapt. 12 Oct., 1717; m. either Jeronimiis Barheit or 

Stephen Cromwell. 

13 Maritie, bapt. 15 July (?), 1719. 

14 Victor, bapt. 29 Apr., 1721. 

15 Sara, bapt. 5 July, 1724. 

II 4. ViCTOOR {Jan), born in Schenectady, probably as 
late as 1680. He was living in 1733, at which time from an 
old letter in possession of Victor A. Putman, we learn he was 
called ''Capt. Victor Puttman." In 1727 according to an an- 
cient map of that date he held land next the Mabee Grant, sit- 
uated in Candaughrity, and still in possession of descendants, 
about two miles from Fort Hunter. He married in Albany, 
13 Dec, 1706, Grietje, sister of Jan Pieterse Mebie; but accord- 
ing to Judge Sanders she was Margaret Mebie, and they were 
married 2 Dec, 1706. 

Member of the 2d foot company at Schenectady in 1715, the 
only Putman on the list, which included every able man between 
the years sixteen and sixty. 

In the lengthy dispute, regarding the common lands at Schen- 
ectady, between some of the inhabitants and Reyer Schermer- 
horn, Arent seems to have taken the latter's part, while Victoor 
and Cornelis were opposed. 

Children, all baptized at Albany: 

16 Cornelia, bapt. 3 Aug., 1707. 

17 Antje, bapt. 25 Apr., 1709. 

18 Johannes, bapt. 21 Oct., 1711; said to have been killed in the 


19 PiETER, bapt. 1 Feb., 1712-13. 

20 Maritie, bapt. 18 Dec, 1714. 

21 Jacob, bapt. 23 Mar., 1716-17. 

22 Arent, bapt. 14 Feb., 1719. 

23 Catharina, bapt. 18 Feb., 1721. 

24 Cornelis, bapt. 17 Dec, 1724. 

II 6. Cornelis (Jaw), born in Schenectady, probably about 
1685. He was a Freeholder there in 1720. He married Ja- 
comyntje, daughter of Teunis Viele. He contributed 3 gulden 
to the building of the new church at Schenectady in 1730. 

2()0 iiisrouY OF THE putnam family. 


2r^ (^ouNEUA, bapt. 14 Nov., 17i;{. 
20 'I'louNis, bapt. 31 Mar., 171(). 

27 KiAAAHKTU, bapt. 'M) Dec, 1717; rn. Cornelis Grout. 

28 JoiiANNKs, bapt. IS Mar.. 1720; killed 1717; "June2(i, 1717, the well 

known c^iiief Hendrick returned from a march into tlic enemies 
country. lie had some thirty Indians under him. riiey were 
surj)rised on an island in the St. Lawrence above Montreal by 
tiie enemy's Intlians in which four of the white men and nine of 
the Indians are killed by the first fire. The names of the whites 
were Cornelis Van Hlyck, Johannes Pootman, Le Roy, and Gott 
Hendrick and the rest succeeded in escaping." 

29 LowYS, bapt. 1 Dec, 1722. 

30 Maiutik, bapt. 14 Mar., 1724; m. Johannes Vranken. 

31 (^ATAi.YNTJK, b. 4 May, bapt. 5 May, 1720. 

32 Jacoh, b. July, 1729. Perhaps living 1704 in Montgomery Co. 

See Simms. 

33 MAiuiAurrA, b. 13, bapt. 30 Jan., 1732; m. 17 July, 17.")8, Jacob Van 

Vranken, son of ('lass Gerritse Van Vranken. Their son Class 
b. 1.'') Feb., 1701; d. 20 July, 1837. 

34 I'A'A, b. 10, bapt. 22 Dec, 1734. 

35 AuKNT, bapt. 31 July, 1730. 

36 Gysheut, bapt. 28 June, 1741. 

Ill 9. JoHANNKS {ArcnL Jan), bapt., 21 Oct., 1711; killed 
by Indians in tiie Ivrvolution. His wife died when lier son, 
Aaron (Arent) was si.\ years of a^o. l*]rnestus Putman of Now 
Madison, Ohio, writini:: in 1S29 and as^ain in 1S34, i>;ives the 
foUowini;' account of his ,u;randfa,ther and lus family. "My 
grandfather's name was ,lohn Putnuin, I do not know my grand- 
mother's name, she died when my father was but six years old. 
Tliey lived in the western {)art of New ^'ol•k, which was then a 
wilderness. Ciraiulfather beiny; unable to keej) the family to- 
gether, I have knowledge of but five Of the nine, my father now 
living at Schenectady, uncles Davitl and Ilenry, and my aunts 
Mary ami Sarah. A short time after the commencement of the 
Revolution, my grandfather ami David wore captured by In- 
dians and the oUl man, not well able to travel, killed. David 
they kei)t throe years, when he made his oscajie and came home. 
He afterward wont into some of the New lOngland states and 
there married. He was killed in a, well, while cleaning it.* 1 do 

* In a letter of 1829, he gives the death as occurring in New York and 
that the widow, a New England girl, returned iiome with her children. 


not know what became of his children. Uncle Henry went to 
Canada. He and wife are dead leaving descendants there." 
Ernestus left Schenectady about 1800. 

Children (nine in all), born in "Western New York:" 

37 Arent, )). V.i June, 1745; living in 1829; cl. 1 Aug., 1830, aet. 85- 


38 David, m. after 1778; had cliildren; dicul previous to 1800. 

39 Hknky, d. in Canada, previous to 1800. 

40 Mary. 

41 Sarah. 

Ill 10. LoDEWYCK (Arent, Jan), bapt. at Schenectady, 
14 Nov., 1 713; killed by British and Indians, 21 May, 1780. He 
married l*]lizabeth Soets. 


46 Derick, b. 1746; d. 1835. 

47 Arent, killed 21 May, 1780. 

48 Frederick. 

49 John L. 

50 Hannah or Annatie, m. 10 Mar., 1787, Jacob son of Godfrey Shew, 

Esq. Ch. bapt. at Cauglinawaga: Lodewyck Putman, b. 15 
Feb., 1792; Catrine, b. 4 May, 1794. 

51 Margaret or Elizabeth, bapt. at Albany, 29 Aug., 17.54; m. Amasa 

Stevens who was killed 21 May, 1780. Ch.: Lodowyck, b. 
8 Nov., 1777. 

Lodewyck Putman lived near Johnston, N. Y. "A party of 
Sir John Johnson's men proceeded directly to the house of Lode- 
wyck Putman, an honest Dutchman livinfi; two miles and a half 
from Johnston Court House. Putman had two daughters and 
three sons, two of the sons were absent. The old man and his 
son Aaron were killed." The mother and Hannah were spared. 
Amasa Stevens was also slain. The Putmans of the Mohawk 
valley were firm and outspoken Whigs, and it was commonly the 
case for the Tories with their Indian allies to attack the Putman 
farms in preference to others. 

Ill 11. David (Arent, Jan), baptized 3 Oct., 1715. 
Children, probably: 

52 Arent D., who m. Deliliah Fisk or Foy. 

53 Victor D., who m. 1773, Maria Shultes. 

262 lusrom i)v tiik i-utnam family. 

Ill 1>I. .]\rnn {\'i(ior. ,/a/O. l):i|)( izod'i;} March, I7I(> 1 7. 
lie inarri(ul Anna, |)i-i)l)al)ly Anna Daxis. Ttu^v li\(Ml at Tribes 

A .hu'ol) ami Anna Polinati ;i|)|)(»ar as sponsors to .loliii, son 
of (/oruolius and lOlizalxM h (I'lnyn) PutiiKin at C;ui,i»;i\n!iwiif>;a 
in 1750. Said Cornelius was son of Victor (Jan). Aront and 
wife l<]li/jibeth were s[)onsors for anothei- son of Cornclis, born 


M Cahhit,* b. 22 I'Vb., IT.VJ;!!. IS2(). 

fif) Viei'ou !., h. 17.") I; d. 1S;?7. Known as (^apfaiii Victor. I>ivod 

at Tribes Hill 
f)(l Mahcauk'I', b. 171)0; d. 20 Feb., KS;i7 ; m. 21 .June, I7S(), Kiciiard 

lIolT, ,lr., wliosc will is (hUcd '.) March, ISXi. 
.')7 Ji'iiuiAii, in. Simon T. N'iclc. 

Ill '2'2. .\ivm:nt {\'i(i(h)r, .hni), bapt. a( SciuMiectady, 14 
Feb., 1711); niaiiied 5 .Aui;-., !7I;>, lOliz-abetli, (laui!;! of .laco- 
bus IVek. Tliey renioNiHl (o Cauf>;hnavvaf2;a, or vicinity, where 
they were li\in,i!; in I 7(1 1. 

Children baptized at Sciienectady : 

.')S Mauoiuktmo, bajtl. 2() I'Vb., I7II. 

5*) Jaooiuis, bapl. \\) ,l;in., 17 Id; probably llu> .lanu^s willi wife Sarah 
of Tribes Hill, and served in De Crass eonn)any in Fisher's regi- 
n\on( in (he Kevolulion. lie liail sons AaTon and .John, the 
former (»f whom married Mary. This family left Tribes Hill 
in ISK). 

(U) N'lcrooK, bai>l. 20 May, 17 IS. 

(il MAHcAinrx, it. 20 Oct., 17l*>: ni. 1 .Iniie, 1777, a( ('aii,i;hnawaga, 
Simon II. WnkkM'. 

02 (\)i{NKi,is, bapl. May, 17r),S; d. 20 Nov., 1S;>I. (No(e-book of 

0;> Maima, bapl. 21 ,lan., 170."?. 

01 John A., b. 1 Mar., 17t>0, at Tribes Hill. 1 le is shown by deeds in 
exisUaiee (o h.-uc owned part of (liat land M>t olT b> .\reiit 

*Tn 17S2, .lacol) and .\nna were s[)onsors for ('apt. (larrit Pntnian's 
daughter Anna at Caughnawaga. 

\ietor A. Pntnani thinks (larrit was .son of .laeob (!' (7(i;-. ./<(»); and 
althongh DeWitt ('. Pntman does not agree, 1 fail to see how it can be (1*'. P.) 

In his will .laeob gives land to Margaret adjoining his own and his son 
Garrit, This is Capt. Garrit I'ulnian. 


Putrnari in tlic partition of land of Victor Putman be- 
tween his HonH Jofianne.s, Jacob, Arent, Cornelius, and daugh- 
ter Mary Jiowen. This land so described, was again parti- 
tioned in 1765. The documentary evidence is in possession of 
Mr. Kline, .son of I'eter Klinf;, who married Alida youngest child 
of John A. Putman. 
65 Clakihsa or Clara. Sfie was tlic ftompanion of Sir John Jolinson, 
and is said U> have been sister t^) Joiin A. Putman. She is 
buried at Schenectady, having died 1 July, 18.33, aged 82 years 
5 months. By Johnson she had William anrl Margaret. The 
latter married into the James Van Home family. See Simms, 
who says her mother was a Staats and her grandmother a 

Ill 24. Corn5:lis (Victor, Jan), born 17 Dec, 1724; died 
19 Apr.,179S; married Elizabeth Pruyn.who died 21 .Mar., 1812, 
aged 87. 

He inherited land from his father; he was commonly called 
"Boss Putman." A few years aj^o the remains of him.self and 
wife, until tfien re.stin*^ within the limits of his farm, were re- 
moved to Auriesville Cemetery. Two days before his death, he 
made his will, in this he styles him.self "of Charle.ston, yeoman." 
He makes his son Victor C, and "his trusty friend Garrit Put- 
man" his executors. To his son Francis he gave land at Tribes 
Hill. Victor C, had had his share of land "which he sold at 
►Schenectady." To sons of Henry the place formerly occupied by 
their father "on the road leading from Jeremiah Smith to Garrit 
Putman's dwelling house," being part in Suybees and Corries 
Patent. To Peter the homestead. To Catherine, land in Mabees 

Children,* all but Johannes, mentioned in father's will: 

66 Henuy, bapt. 12 Sept., 1761. 

67 Johannes, b. 21 Mar., bapt. at Caughnawaga, 6 May, 1759. 

68 ViCTOU C, b. :U Mjjy, 1756; d. 9 Nov., 1816. 

69 Peter, b. 13 Aug., 1764; living 1798. 

70 Catherine, b. 17 Sept., 1767; m. 23 Aug., 1785, Wm. Van i5uren, 

b. 2May, 1757,d. II Feb., 1831, act. 74. Ch.: Barent,b. Hi Jan., 
1788. Cornelius, b. 14 Sept., 1792. Cathlina, b. 3 Nov., 1795; 

* The births of the sons, Johannes, Peter, and Francis are from the bible 
of Victor C. Putnam. 


d. of smallpox, 26 Nov., 1797. Elizabeth, b. 5 Oct., 1798. 
Hendrick, b. 9 Feb., 1802. Tobias, b. 4 Aug., 1805. (From old 
Dutch bible of Cattlintie Van Buren, "bought 1768.") Barent 
Van Buren above named had sons Jeremiah, who m. Carolina 
Slielp, and William. Jeremiah's daughter, Mary K., m. John 
Putman, son of Victor A. Putman of Auriesville. 

71 Margaret (Maragreta), d, prior to 1798; left children Elizabeth 

and Mary, minors in 1798; m. 1 June, 1777, Simon Veeder of 
Rotterdam. Ch. : Maria, b. 20 Dec, 1779; Cornelius, b. 19 Oct., 

72 Francis, b. 4 May, 1752. 

Ill 26. Teunis {Cornclis, Jan), baptized 31 Mar., 1716 at 
Schenectady; married 20 Oct., 1750, Rebecca, daughter of Arent 
Van Antwerpen. 

Children, born in Schenectady: 

73 Sara, b. 3 May, 1751. 

74 Jacomyntje, b. 23 Apr., 1753; m. Alexander Van Epps. 

75 CoRNELis, b. 15 May, 1755. 

76 Daniel, b. 15 June, 1758. 

77 Johannes, b. 2 Oct., 1760. 

78 Johannes, bapt. 20 May, 1762; will dated 13 Feb., 1821; proved 

6 Mar., 1821. Mentions sister Jemima Van Eps and brother 

79 Arent, bapt. 10 Mar., 1766. 

Ill 29. Louis {Cornelis, Jan), baptized Schenectady, 1 Dec, 
1722; married 3 Jan., 1746-7; Sara, daughter of Arent Van 


80 Cornelis, bapt. 14 June, 1747. 

81 Sara, bapt. 24 Dec, 1749. 

82 Arent, bapt. 10 July, 1751. 

83 Jacomina, bapt. 26 Dec, 1753. 

84 Johannes, bapt. 7 Oct., 1756. 

85 Sara, bapt. 21 Oct., 1759. 

Ill 35. Arent (Cornelis, Jan), baptized at Schenectady, 
31 July, 1736; married 18 April, 1763, Chira (Catarina) daughter 
of Harmanus Vedder of '^Nestoungjoone." 


86 Cornelis, bapt. 15 Apr., 1764. 

87 Cornelis, bapt. 25 Jan., 1767. 



88 Catarina, bapt. 16 Apr., 1769. 

89 Jacomyntje, bapt. 18 Aug., 1771. 

90 Christiaan, bapt. 25 Dec, 1774. 

IV 37. Arent {Johannes, Arent, Jan), born 13 June, 1745; 
died in Schenectady, 1 Aug., 1830; married 1st, at Schenectady, 
21 Feb., 1772, Elizabeth De Spitzer, daughter of Dr. Ernestus 
De Spitzer. She died 18 May, 1797, aet.. 42 years, 25 days. He 
married, 2d, CataUnaVan Schaick,who died 22 Dec, 1836, in her 
87th year. 

Children, born in Schenectady: 

91 Geertruy, b. Nov., 1772; bapt. 21 Nov., 1773. 

92 Ernestus, b. 27 Oct., 1776; d. in Winchester, Ind., 20 Oct., 1865. 

He married at Schenectady, 1 Apr., 1797, Nancy Becker, who 
died 8 June, 1812. He married 2d, at Shepardstown, Va., 
24 Mar., 1814, Elizabeth Gray, who was born in Londonderry, 
Ireland, 27 July, 1788, and died at Winchester 15 Feb., 1864. 
She was daughter of David and Jane (Pollock) Gray. Their 
descendants are numerous and are found chiefly in the Middle 
West and Colorado. 

93 Johannes, bapt. 7 Feb., 1779. 

94 Johannes, b. 31 Aug., 1780; d. at Rotterdam, 1 May, 1851. He 

m., 1803, Magdalen, daughter of Hendrick I. Vroman, who d. 
16 Dec, 1830, aet. 43. 

95 Barbara, bapt. 2 Mar., 1783; m. Oliver Springer. 

IV 39. Henry {Johannes, Arent, Jan), born in "Western 
New York" about 1750; died prior to 1829, in Canada, whither 
he had removed. 


96 Aaron, lived in Canada; left descendants. 

IV 46. Derrick {or Richard Lodewyck, Arent, Jan), 
"Ensign" born near Schenectady, N. Y., 1746; died 14 Apr., 
1835, aet. 89 years; married Oct., 1767, Nelly, daughter of 
Gysbert* and Maria* (Van Antwerp) Van Brakel or Van 
Brocklin. They lived in Ephrata. She died at the great age of 
100 years, 7 months, 20 Feb., 1849; born in July, 1748. Both 
were buried on their farm at Ephrata, but when the farm was 
sold their remains were removed to Kecks Centre Cemetery. 
* They were married 5 July, 1730. 


Children, baptisms from Van Brockel family bible: 

97 Oboick, b. 10 Dec, 1768; his dau. Neeltie d. 4 May, 1799. 

98 Gysbert, b. 9 Feb., 1770. 

99 Cornelias, b. 3 Dec, 1773; m. Jacob Buxton. 

100 Gerrit, b. 4 Dec, 1776. 

101 Maryia, b. 2 Sept., 1779; m. Jacob Miller. Ch.: Cornelia, b. 16 

Nov., 1800. 

102 Lewis, b. 29 Sept., 1783; removed to Glen; m. Mary Schenck. 

Lived at Charlestown, N. Y. 

103 John D., b. 19 Jan., 1786; bapt. at Caughnawaga, 6 Mar., 1786; 

d. in Amsterdam, 20 June, 1846; m. 1808, Annyte Van Alstyne, 
who d. 17 June, 1872, aet. 86 years, 6 days. 

104 Peter,* b. 1 Apr., bapt. 19 Apr., 1789; living 18.52 in N. Y. He 

d. in Eplirata. He m. 23 Sept., 1810, Maria Eacker. 

105 Syme, b. 15 Mar., d. 18 Mar., 1792. 

106 Syme (or Simon), b. 28 July, 1795; bapt. 9 Aug., 1795, as Simon; 

m. Maria Keller, and after her death Polly Wemple who d. at 
Great Bend, N. Y. 

107 AARON.t 

108 Nellie. t 

IV 48. Fredp:rickJ (^Lodewyck, Arent, Jan), probably 
born about 1750; married Catrine Pennell. 
Children, baptized at Caughnawaga: 

109 Philip, b. 16 May, bapt. 28 June, 1772. 

110 Joanne, b. 16 May, bapt. 29 May, 1779. 

111 Aaron, b. 19 Nov., bapt. 4 Jan., 1783. 

112 Eva, b. 23 Mar., bapt. 22 May, 1785. 

IV 52. Arent D.§ {fDavid, Arent, Jan), married Delilah 

* Another Peter D. was m. at Charlestown to Hannah Adams 15 Oct., 

t Mentioned by George "Putnam" of Jordan, son of Cornelius, also by 
Eben, son of Eben G., who also gives a son "Jacob." 

X Frederick and Margaret Barnhardt had baptized Johannis, b. 30 
Dec, 1801. Sponsors, Johannis Kerning and Maragreta Putman. Mary, 
b. 2 July, 1803. The parents were sponsors of Maryte daughter of Victor 
J. and Maryte Schull about 1800. 

§ Arent D. Putman married Alida Wilson. They had baptized at 
Caughnawaga: Maragreta, b. 24 Jan., 1802. Sponsors Arent Crumwell 
and Magreta Wilson. Neelte, b. Jan., 1797. Sponsors, Garrit Putman 
and Angeltie Van Braklin. Neelte, b. 3 Nov., 1793, and Neltie, b. 13 Mar. 


Foy or Fisk. They were sponsors to children of Victor D., 1783, 
and of Frederick and Catrine (Fennel) in 1785. 

113 Maritie, bapt. Caughnawaga, 11 July, 1785, aet. 3 weeks. 

114 Anna, bapt. Caughnawaga, 22 Aug., 1783, born 16 July. 

IV 53. Victor D. {fDavid, Arent, Jan), married at Caugh- 
nawaga, 9 Nov., 1773, Maria Shultes. 
Child, baptized at Caughnawaga: 

115 David, b. 1 Mar., bapt. 14 Apr., 1783. Sponsors, Arent D. and 

Delilah Putman. 

IV 54. Capt. Garrit {Jacob, Victor, Jan), born 22 Feb., 
1752; died 13 April, 1826. He married Rebecca Garritson, 
who was born 15 ]\larch, 1764, and died 13 April, 1846. Capt. 
Garrit Putman lived in Glenn (formerly Charlestown), Mont- 
gomery Co., N. Y., and his house is still in possession of descend- 
ants. The following record was taken from his own bible. He 
was a well known character in the Revolutionary War, and 
served with distinction. 


116 Anna, b. 1 July, 1782; d. 5 Jan., 1862; m. John C. Serviss. 

117 Maria, b. 13 June, 1784; d. 17 July, 1811 ; m. James Post. 

118 Margaret, b. 22 Oct., 1785; m. Cornelius Hardenburg. 
119. Abraham, b. 27 Apr., 1788; d. 25 July, 1794. 

120 Catharine, b. 9 Mar., 1791 ; m. Samuel Petingill. 

121 Agnes, b. 18 Oct., 1793; d. 14 Mar, 1814. 

122 Elizabeth, b. 3 Sept., 1796; d. 25 Feb., 1835; m. John Newkirk. 

123 Jacob G., b. 18 July, 1800; d. 17 Nov., 1834; m. Margaret Mushell. 

124 Rebecca, b. 3 Nov., 1802; d. 30 May, 1842; m. Adam Zeeley. 

125 William G., b. 1 Jan., 1805; m. Maria Gardanier. 

IV 55. Victor J. {Jacob, Victor, Jan), born 1754; died 
1837. He married Margaret Putman, "a sister of David Put- 
man who married Hannah Antwerp and of Jacob Putman who 
married Elizabeth McCarthy." She died 1853, aet. 75. He 
was a captain of militia in the War of 1812. He and his wife 
are buried on the farm at Tribes Hill. 



126 Peter V.,* b. 1781 ; d. 18 Mar., 1854, aet. 73. 

127 Jacob V., d. unm., II Dec, 1852, aet. 70. 

128 John V., d. 15 Oct., 1849, unm. 

129 Oauuet v., b. 19 Sept., 1793; d. 16 I'eb., 1875; in. Mary Hanson. 

130 Catherine, b. 19 Sept., 1793; d. 1890; m. 8 Sept., 1814, James 

Cooper, wliose daughter Eliza, b. 3 Mar., 1817, m. Wilson Putman. 

131 Hannah, b. 9 Mar., 1799; d. Mar., 1885. She m. 2 Dec, 1819, 

Nicholas N. Hanson. 

132 Francis V., d. 7 Feb., 1857, unm. 

IV 60. VicTOK A. {Arcnt, Victor, Jan), born Tribes Hill, 
1746; b;ii)tizo(l 20 May, 1748; died at Tribes Hill, in 1800. He 
married Magdalen Hanson (authority of <i;randson, Aaron A.), 
or Margaret Shults. He was a blacksmith at Tribes Hill. The 
widow married, 2d, Case Van Allen. 


126 Aaron V., b. at Tribes Hill, 1779; d. 7 June, 1866, aet. 87; m. 1793, 

Margaret Hollenbeck who was b. in Jamestown in 1781, and 
died 1868. 

127 John, d. at Tribes Hill, 28 Jan., 1862, aet. 79 years; m. Catrina 


128 Elizabeth,! b. 1784; d. Mar., 1857; m. John A. Vosburg, b. 17 

Dec, 1782; d. 19 Dec, 1862. Ch.; Victor, d. 22 Nov., 1849, 
aet. 54?); Abraham, m. Margt Vosburg; dec'd. Peter,t b. 24 
Mar., 1816, living at Tribes Hill. John. Joseph, dec'd. Agnes, 
m. William Henry Hanson, of Tribes* Hill. Magdalena, d. 
aet. 19. Catherine, d. 12 Nov., 1835; she m. 1836 (sic). Lewis, 
of Root. Susan, m. John Cocoro who came to Tribes Hill 
from N. Y.; now live at Ft. Johnson, N. Y. Maria, m., 1st, 
Peter Ferris; m., 2d, George Leslie, lives at Albion, N. Y. 

129 Magdalen. 

IV 62. Cornelius A. {?Arcnt, Victor, Jan), inarvietl Der- 
kie Vosburg. 

* Peter V. is variously said to have died 11 Dec, 1852, and 18 Mar., 
1854. He married 24 I'eb., 1807, Mary Lepper, who died 20 June, 1869, 
Of his sons, J'eter, Jacob and Francis, dieil unmarried. \'ictor, born in 
1816, was living on his grandfather's farm as late as 1894 and never 
married. Wilson, born 23 Apr., 1817, also liveil on i)art of the farm. Jolin, 
boin 1822, married, 1850, Amelia Cooper, his sister-in-law. 

t Peter Vosburg is authority for above. He also stated his mother was 
own cousin of David who died in Tribes Hill 10 Mar., 1828 (who married 
Hannah Van Antwerp): and also a second cousin of Abrah V. of Auriesville. 
He also says the ancestors of Victor settled first at Kinderhook, N. Y. 


Children, baptized at Caugiinawaga: 

130 Jannete, b. 16 Aug., 1787. 

131 Elizabeth, b. 17 June, bapt. 8 July, 1792. 

132 Maryte, b. 23 Apr., 1801. 

IV 64. JoH.v A.* {?Arent, Victor, Jan), born at Tribes 
Hill; died 14 Oct., 1841, aet. 75-7-14, g. s. at Tribes Hill. Lived 
a few yeans in Albany. His wife Matilda (Machtelt) Fisher 
daughter of Johannes (Funis, Ba.stiaan) and Annatie (Pearse) 
Visscher, died 10 Nov., 1849, aet. 80-3-9, g. s. at Tribes Hill. 
She was born at Ft. Hunter, 22 July, 1769. 

Children : 

133 HANXAH,t d. 20 Apr., 1864, aet. 74 years; m. William C. Winne 

who d. 9 Dec, 1830, aet. 42 years. Both buried at Tribes Hill. 
Left cliildren. 

134 Elizabeth, bapt. Caughnawaga, 10 Apr., 1791, aet. 5 weeks; d. 

N. Y.; m. Nicholas, son of Col. Abraham Vosburg. Lived in 
N. Y. City. Ch.: Catharine A., m. Gilbert Faulknor. 

135 Fisher, b. 29 Oct., 1793; bapt. 23 Nov., Postmaster at Tribes Hill; 

d. 1870. 

136 Margaret, b. July, 1795. 

137 Tunis, b. 2 Nov., 1800; bapt. 1800; d. 11 Jan., 1850; m. Rachel 

Kline, who d. 1 Jan., 1890, aet. 83, g. s. at Tribes HiU. Ch.: 
Maria Matilda living in Tribes Hill, unm., 1894; Martha, m. 
Henry Van Allen of "^lYibes Hill; Cornelia, m. Lafayette Pine. 
1.38 James, b. 8 July, 1803; bapt. at Caughnawaga; d. 29 Mar., 1865, 
g. s. at Tribes Hill; his wife Catlina Van Buren, was daughter of 
Rev. Peter Van Buren and own cousin of the President; b. 9 
Apr., 1804; d. 6 Mar., 1872, g. s. He spelled his name Putnam. 

139 Abraham, b. 21 Oct., 1810; d. 29 Dec, 1847, at Tribes Hill. 

140 Sally Maria, b. 4 July, 1813. 

141 CHARLES,t in business with his brotljer James as a tanner at Tribes 


142 ALiDA,t m. Peter Kline. Ch.: Jolm H.; Anna M.; Wm., d. in 111.; 

Nicholas, lives in Kan.; Sarah J., Charles, Chief of Police at 
Amsterdam. He lost an arm in the last war. 

143 Henry, t m. 3 Feb., 1831, Eleanor Mathew. Ch.: Ann Sarah, m. 

* Mrs. Johnson^ daughter of Peter F. (Francis, Cornelius, Victor, Jan), 
Bays that they always called John, the father of Fisher, Uncle "Hous;"that 
her father and Fisher were second cousins. Uncle "Hous" was a cousin 
of grandfather Putman. 

t On authority of E. D. and A. M. Putman. 



!<iir«Mi( N'ft'ilfr; livtMii ('liicii!;(). Maiy I'Mi/a, m. Win. riitToid ; 
livo ill All);u>y. 
Ill .\ai{(>n,+ 1). J Sf|>l., ITDC; .1. ISS;{. 

I\ (■>(■). lli'iNiiV (or lltMuliick) [Conic/is, \'i(i<)i\ ,/(f//), l>;ip- 
i'v/.cd rJScpl., 17(»1 ; |)ii)l);il>lv (ltH'i\'isinl in I7!)S. Mnrrioil I Mar., 
17SI at Cliailcstown, N . \'., iMarv (^uacktMihush. She niarritnl, 
LM, Vcicv 11. Maluv. -J Mar., ISlH). l)v wIidiu slic liad llaiiiianus. 
born ;il» Nov., ISO! . an.l lltMir\ . horn 10 (>i-l., ISO I or ti. 


1 la W'li.ii.vM, 1>. [i May, 1790; wii.s Ihmt to lii.s gr.uiill'allicr'.s cstatt", with 
lii.s hiotluT Coriu'lius. 

MC. ConNKMs 11 . 0'\(h1 :i( Clrmi, N. V., ISiSh; I). •-•<) .\iig., ITOU; h.-ul 
wile (.liizoiiM. C^hiilclaiiiicil .sliarr in gr.'uull'allu'f'.s o.stMlo ti> 
brotlior VVillii(m. 

117 l''.i,r/.\itKiii, I), ;{0 Aug., 17S7; m. II Srpl.. ISOS, .lacoh i'roiloric* 
Stt'inliiMgh, l». Si'iiolmrio, '2\ Nov., 17S7. Uolli aio biirit'il in 
Iviirnl (Vmotcry, Albany. (Mi.: Jacob, b. JS Jan., ISU); n\. 
Cliarlotlr Aim IJall of Albany; Henry, b. 11 Sopt., ISll, il. y. 

lis M\iui.\uKi'. b. 2 July, 171);^; A. Mutlor, 2'J May, IS(>I; in. 7 Jan.. 
ISlC, Cliarlos Vielo. b. 10 OH., 17S7 ; tl. 5 Nov., 1S;'>7. lb- soivoa 
in War of ISl'J. MoMi burioil in lUiMor, Wayne Co., N. V. Cli.: 
IVter M., b. 4 Oct., ISU>: Win. P., b. JS Jan., ISJl ; Jacob Stern- 
borgh, b. *J Au}^., lS_';>;ii. unin. Jl May, 1S70; StopluMi; llcnry, 
b. JS Mar., I S-'r> ; tl. 10 July, 1S7;?; (Wnolis. b. Aus^., IS27; 
Anilivw J., b. _':> Aug., ISiU); Jt>hn, b. /l Nov.. IS;>J; (.'hades, 
b. 17 Aug., ISS:>; Margaret, b. II .lau , IS;?i). 

1\ OS. N'lt-roK (\ [('onuiis, \' ictor. Jan), horn M M.ay, 
175l>; d'n\\ \) Nov., ISIO, oi t yplioul IVvcm-; m.-irriial .\nna tiaugh- 
tor i>r .\hrahani (iarrils()n, hi»rn IS .liint^ l7()7;ilio(l (1-1 ov 12) 
F(4>.. 1S1;>; niarrual. '_M, Mai!;ari>l. (^Klrst sislor ol" (\)1. l''ix\ltM'i(' 
Visschor, ol" tlio l\t»\()lulu>n, hoiii ;U)So[>t., 17 17. 81\e was widow 
of MyniUv^t S. 'IVn lOyi'k, by whom slu^ li.ul a ilau,L';hlcr lOlsio. 
At tla> liini^ oi the* niassai-ro t»t" {\\c \'issi-htM- raniily sho and her 
sit^tiM" oseajual into th(> woods. 


I I'J (\>i;nki.ii's \'., b. 'J7 .Xpr., 17S(>; reiuovt-il to Ku.^hville, 111. He iliod 
II .luly, IS;{|; in. (.lertnule \':in llorne who wa.^ boin in 1797. 

* On ai;th»>iity of 1 '. IVaiui A.M. rutiuan. 

t P^irthsof ehiUlivn fii>in oKI l>uli-h bible i>f lleiuhiek rufnian. 

Till': riiriviANH or riii'; moiiawk vam.kv. 271 

IM) AiiKAM V.,+ I). •„'« Aii^., I7U(); (I. ;{ Apr., isr>r). Ih; iiiiiiii(-.| Mariti 

v.-.i.i.T, who .Ih-.i h) ii'd,., isr>(). 

If)! .loiiN v., I.. \:'. Ocl., 17',).''); (I. :<() !)«)(;., ISKl (.1 lyplioid fcvrr; in. 
(;;i.Ui<'riri(; V:iii lloinc, h. '29 Jan., 17!)!). Cli.; Aiiiin. M., in- 
.Jjiiiics IVli'( Ircurdy , l'in<|., of KiihIi villc, III. 

rV 7'2. (/'ai'T. l*"HANr;i,s, (('orndii, Virior, Jan), dicsd at 
'rril»(!H Hill, '2'.^ Nov., IH.'M, "/uil,. SO ycijins or ovor" (\1i-s. John- 
hou'h H(,Jil,(!rri('nl,j ; iruuriod l^H !>(!(;., 1777, IVI;i,fi!i, l''oii(|;i,, who (li(;(| 
l()S(!|)i., IHiiO. Il(; l<(!pt, Jiholol ul/rrihcM Hill lor lill.y .si.\ y(;!ir,s, 
u|)oii l,li(! Hifijii of wliicli wiiH ih(! (l!i,l,(! 1777. 

( !hil(lr(;ri : 

ir,2 CoiiNMi.iiiH, 1). HI Nov., 1778; niinovcd l-o Micliiguii in \HM\ hiil, 
rcl.iinicil iifid <1. !il, 'I'lihcs Hill; \iiH widow iii.iiricd a/^riin. 

]f,:i J'JJ/.AiiKTli, I). !) I''<!h., 1787; in. Itiicw;. j 

IT)-! I'lciKU I'., I>. .'i July, I7!)2, !i(, .JolniHUjwn; d. in Micliij^an I l><!r;., 

15/> Dkiiouaii, rn. Im(,, l<iirn;i; in. ', I'lctclicr, 

\f>(\ (Ja'I'iijciiinio, rn. Vic.(,or VohIjijik. liivcd iuid diird ,il 'I'lihci llill. 

\r,7 Makv or Mnria, I.. I!) Aiifi;., I7!)7; d. iiiiin. in Midi. 

I.'>8 Anna, d. iinin. 

IV 7r>. (,'()UNi';iiin (7V;w,m.s, dornc/.i:!, .hi.n), horn I.'') iVljiy, 
17r>5, will (1jiI,(;<1 20 July, IS21; lunvncA Marin,, rlaij;',hl,(!r oi' .)aii 
liji,I)ti,st Van VorKt. 


\r>'.i Jan Mai'tikt, hapl,. '22 Dec, I7S2, d. y. 

HiO DanikI/, l)a|)(-. 22 !)«;(;., 1782, riol, in(;ntion«;d in l;i(li<i'it will. 

Hit Jan r.Ai-iiMT. I.m|.I,. 29 H(:[)(., \7Hi; liviiij^ 1824. 

102 I{|.;i!I';(;(;a, l>;i|)l,. I!) July, 1787; m. f)ri()r (.o 182-1, 'rii;uld<Mi'^ lioll. 

IV S'2. AifMN'i' (Ijoiii.H, donhdi.H, .1(1/11.), I)!i,|)t,i//(;il ji,l, S(;h(!iiec- 
liidy, 10 .Inly, I7r,| ; niarri(!(i 2S Vv})., 1772, Itohcrca Dc; (iarino, 
;i, I'lcruJi woiii.'iii. 

* Ahrarn V. I'liOnaii m.-iiiiod 21 H<!p(.., I8I.'{, a(, (IliarleHlowii, M;uia 
diiiif^ldrtr of John 0. and \*\\i:\. (i'>\nU:) V«;dd(:r of Hch<!nr!f;(,ady, horn If) M;tr. 
I7!)7. H«! waH (!OinriiiHHion<!d li(!ij((!naiit, 2(Hh nigiiricnt, 1 Ajjiil, 1818, aixi 
wa,H lat,(;r (;a[»f,ain. Mrtmhcr AMWtinhly \H'M\, I8.'{7. SiipciviHor, and in 
Oiih oni<-(! waM Hii(;c<!(!d(;d by liin hoii \\vU>r A., and ffr;indMon John V., Ui<tir 
varioiiH (orrriH <;ov<!riiif^ a (jiutitcr of Ui<! [joriod Hinco I82r>. Vi<;l.oi' A. I'id. 
n.iin in;iiii(;d I'lvfjliim Van llornc and liv<!H a(, Aiiri(!Hvill<!. lie hiin JKuin 
very ;u(iv<; Juid iuilpfiil in ohL-iiniiifi; informaUon coiKicrning d(!K(!eiidan(-M of 
Jan I'liljiiJin 

i Toinihly (Ik: inaiTi.'i-f^CH of hi-horah and l';ii/„'dj(;l|i ;i.r<; (■onioiiiidcd. 


They lived about u mile north of Ciiughnnwaga Village on the 
road to Johnstown. 

Children, except two last, baptized at Schenectady: 

163 Sakah, bapt. 17 Oct., 1773; m. 21 Aug., 1792, John Lenardson. 

Ch.: Baatje, b. 18 Oct., 1793; Araon, lives in Root, N. Y.; Rob- 
ert; Rebecca, both unm. 

164 Johannes, bapt. 6 Aug., 1775. 

165 Lewis, bapt. 23 Nov., 1777. 

166 Annatje, bapt. 9 Apr., 1780. 

167 Matthias, bapt. 4 Nov., 1781. 

168 CoRNELis, bapt. 18 Apr., 1784, unni. 

169 Mattheus. bapt. 18 Jan., 1787. 

170 Aaron, b. 17 May; bapt. 16 June, 1793; m. Lavinia Rice. Ch.: 

John De Garmo, on the N. Y. Herald, who lias a daughter Jennie 
married to Martin Stoddard of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

171 Ellen, went south. 

IV 84. Johannes {Louis, Cornells, Jan), married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Ilarman Vedder. 
Children, baptized at Schenectadj : 

172 Jacomyntye, bapt. 17 Aug., 1783. 

173 Harman, bapt. 10 June, 1787. 

174 Sara, b. 9 Doc, 1788. 

175 Isaac, b. 17 Mar., 1796. 

IV Christiaan {Arent, Cornells, Jan), baptized at Schenec- 
tady, 25 Dec, 1774; married Catalina Peck; "married 2d, Cat- 
lyntye Bratt. 


176 Arent, b. 22 Dec, 1796; d. y. 

177 Ahent, b. 28 Jan., 1799. 

By second wife: 

178, b. 23 Oct., 1801. 

Note. In 173<i, Adolpli Heiidrick Fiitiiuiii, "advisor" of tlie consort and children 
of the Prince of ()r!in>;e, prepared an account of liis services, family and ancestry, 
which was translated hy De VVitt 0. Putman and published in Putnam's Historical 
Masazine, IS99, Vol. VII, pp. 95, 125. The founder of this family was Rutger Putman, 
Advocate Fiscal and Land Steward for Count Van der Lyppe. He married Agnez 
Bosch, and died In Lip.stadt in 1575. He was born in Ham, Westphalia about 1510. 
His son Abraham settled in Holland, and in 17.'{ii had descendants in London. Adolph 
descended from the Rev. John, brother of Abraham. The family was distinguished 
and of armorial rank. 

See page 323. 


OF connko'I'icf;']' and vkp.moxt. 

This family derive their descent from two brothern John 
and Thomas Putnam who, according to the statement of the 
son of Jo}jn Putnam, came from the north of F>n^Jand about 
the year 1789. 

JOHN PUTNAM borrj, according to family tra/Jition, in the 
north of P>ngland, about ITf/J, came to New England with 
his brother 'Fhornas in 1780. Concerning his coming and 
family the reader is referred to the letter quoted below. An- 
other tradition is that hr- and his brother were walking in the 
street and were pressed for the fleet, and, althougJj confined 
on a man of war, marJe their escape and sought refuge in 
America. This comes through the family of Augustus Put- 
nam, son of Tljomas, George Putnam's elder brother. From 
this source were obtained the dates of birth of his children, 
and also the data concerning his marriage, as well as the 
statement that he was a farmer and first settled at Wethers- 
field, where he was married, 11 Sept., C1728 a manifest error), 
Hannah Dillings who was bom in Newington in 1763, and 
died in Hartford, 9 July, 1857. Mr. Putnam died 3 Oct., 1816, 
and is buried in the North Main street Ceraet<?ry. 

George Putnam who wrote the letter from which the follow- 
ing is taken, was a member of the firm of B. Hudson & Co. of 
Hartford. ITje letUtr was dated 12 Sept., 1834. 

"***** My owTi business is very extensive and requires my 
constant personal attention, at auction and private sale, more 



than $300,000 a year. AH the auction department I attend 
myself and the principal part of private sale.**** I am also 
blessed with a great share of public business, if you can call it 
a blessing, beinji; a member of the Court of the Common Council 
of the City and holding various responsible appointments**** 
I have not been able to obtain the exact information which I 
wished to communicate to you. I can only say that my younp^er 
days were days of })overty. My father as I learn was formerly 
worth some property which he had gathered himself. He had 
some left him from his father's estate in England, but misfor- 
tunes of various kinds occurred which left nothing for his child- 
ren. 1 was brought up away from home when quite a child, 
and all (**** ) of the family were not clear and distinct to me 
and therefore 1 have been obliged to gather as much as I could 
from such sources as I could depend upon from various quarters. 
I would not of course give an answer to such inquiries as made 
by you unless they could be such as could be depended upon. 
**** My father's name was John Putnam, he was as I have 
understood from the North of England. His father as we have 
always understood it, was related to the ancestors of old General 
Israel Putnam. My older brother in this city says he had it 
from my father that he had six brothers, names as follows: 
Rufus, Richard, George, Samuel, Thomas7 and Henry, in all 
seven. My father and his brother Thomas came to this country 
together, about forty five years ago. 

"My father's family consisted of nine children, viz. John, 
Thomas, George, Abigail, William, Betsey, Hannah, Samuel 
and Charles, of whom only Thomas, Betsey, and myself remain 

"My own family consists of a wife and two children. My 
oldest's name is John Phillips Putnam, aged seventeen and a 
half years, in his second year in Yale College. Stands as a 
student No. 1 in all the class. My other son's name is George 
and he is a clerk in my store, and does very well and bids fair 
to make a business man. 

"My father's brother, Thomas, that came over with him 
removed from Connecticut to Vermont between thirty and 


forty years a^o, and has as I understand ten children. I have 
seen some of them occasionally. I have learned that they were 
all doing well; the names of some are as follows: Bathsheba, 
John, Richard, Ariel, Betsey, Henry. Bathsheba is said to 
be married and resides in or near Boston. John is said to be a 
printer in Boston. Henry, the last I heard from him was in 
New York State, a large woolen manufacturer. 
"My father died some fifteen years ago." 

The remainder of the letter contains details concerning his 
brother's family and mention of his visit to Salem the pre- 
ceding year. 

There is no reason to doubt the statement that John and 
Thomas Putnam came from the north of England and at the 
time mentioned in the letter above quoted ; nor need the story 
of impressment and escape be doubted. In 1894, the writer 
met a clergyman in Hertfordshire w^ho was perhaps forty 
years of ag(;, and who remembered an aunt who was a Put- 
nam or the daughter of a Putnam, and whose immediate 
ancestors had lived in Yorkshire. This was the only person 
he had ever met who had borne this name. 

While there is reasonable doubt of exact knowledge of any 
relationship between this Hartford family and the Connecti- 
cut hero, Israel Putnam, there is as little doubt that the 
origin of the two families was the same. Perhaps some 
day one of this family wiU take sufficient interest to hunt up 
the connecting links. 

Children of John and Hannah (Dillings) Putnam, born in 
Hartford : 

John, b. 3 Nov., 1789; d. 23 May, 1813. 

Thomas William, b. 12 Sept., 1791; d. 1 May, 1860. 

Geokge, b. 12 Sept., 1793; d. 21 Feb., 1840. 

Abigail, b. 26 April, 1797; d. 31 July, 1834; married Dr. Augustus Fitch 

of Columbia, S. C, and left four children. 
William B., b. 29 May, 1799; d. 24 July, 1829. 
Betsey, b. 15 March, 1801 ; d. 14 June, 1853. 


Hannah, b. 10 March, ISO:^; d. 2U Sept., 1804. 
Samuel, b. 5 Jan., 1805; cl. 16 March, 1821. 
Charles, b. 19 Jan., 1809; d. 29 Nov., 1832. 

Thomas William [John), of Hartford, born there 12 Sept., 

1791, died there 1 May, 1860. He married in Hartford, 25 
Dec, 1814, Mehetable Dickenson, daughter of Edward and 
Elizabeth (Ward) Foster, born in Middletown, Conn., 9 April, 

1792, died there 4 Sept., 1880. 

Mr. Putnam was a manufacturer of fine boots. 
Children : 

Ann Amelia, born 8 Oct., 1815; died in Middletown, Conn., IS Oct., 
1877; married, in Hartford, 18 Sept., 1845 Erastus Selden McCol- 
lum,son of Erastus McCoUum born in Vernon, Conn., 12 Feb., 1816, 
died at Middletown, 10 Oct., 1861. He was an organ builder and, 
lived in Hartford. Of their four children, two, Eva A. and Herbert 
S., died in early childhooil. Effie Anna, third child was born in 
Philadel])hia, 5 Jan.. 1853, married, 1 Jan., 1880, Charles William 
Frisbie, son of Charles Augustus Frisbie,born in Plymouth, Mich., 
Feb., 1855, and lives in Minneapolis. They had Vivian Viola Frisbie, 
born 24 Jan., 1881; Clarence Eugune Frisbie, 19 Feb., 1883; EfRe 
Adele Frisbie, born 10 April, 1886; Howard Wheaton McCullum, 
youngest 'child, was born in New York, 1 Feb., 1856. He is a col- 
lege professor and lived in 1888 in Minneapolis, Minn. 

Augustus, born 20 Nov., 1817, of Middletow«, Conn. Married (1) 18 
May, 1840, Harriet Maria, daughter of William Combs Bailey, born 
in Cromwell, Conn., 1820, died there 18 July, 1846. He married 
(2) 16 July, 1848, Lucy Ann, daughter of Col. Elihu and Lucy 
(Paddock) Plum, who died 24 July, 1859 in Middletown. He mar- 
ried (3) 22 .Jan., 1862, Eliza Adeline, daughter of Deacon Edward 
and Calista (Brainerd) Root. 

Mr. Putnam learned the book-binders trade and was also a book- 
seller, both in Hartford and Middletown. He retired from business 
in 1865. During the Civil War he was United States Commissioner, 
and Deputy Provost Marshall and Collector of Customs from 1869 
to 1885. He was delegate to several national and state conven- 
tions and prominent in his party. For twenty-eight years he 
was a correspondent for the Hartford Evening Post. 

Mr. Putnam had tliree children by his first wife (^born in Coopers- 
town, New York, and Hartford), Harriet A., and George Ellsworth, 
all dying in youth. By his second wife he had Elihu Plum, born in 
Middletown, 21 Nov., 1849, Willie Storrs, died in childhood, and 


Benjamin Touglas,* born 10 Oct., 185S. By his third wile, lie 
had Edward Augustus, who died VS Aug., 1876, aet. nine years. 
Delia Maria, born 20 Dec, 1819, married 28 Sept., 1852, Jolm, son of 
John and Sarali Gray (Barnes) of Middletown, Conn., born 
II Feb., 1823, a mason in Middletown. Their three children were 
Henry Putnam born 26 June, 1853, married, 12 Dec, 1873, Carohne 
Underwood and had three children, Etiiel A., Nellie U., and John 
W.: Frederic Crane and William H. who died in early childhood. 
Elizabeth Fitch, born 7 Nov., 1821; died 27 Aug., 1823. 
William Brown, born 5 Dec, 1823; died in N. Y. city 12 April, 1884, 
s. p. Enlisted from St. Louis, and was lieutenant in the U. S. ser- 
vice during the Civil War. He was a physician and chemist. He 
married in Philadelphia, 13 March, 1844, Sarah A. Sullivan, also 
Elliot Ward, born 2 Jan., 1826; died 27 July, 1827. 
Elizabeth Isham, born 24 May, 1828; married, as second wife. Julius 

Strong, son of Erastus McCollum and (Corning) McCollum, 

born in Vernon, Conn., 23 Sept., 1825, died Boston Highlands, 7 
Sept., 1893. His first wife was Judith Eliza Parsons, born in 
Gloucester, died 9 July 1851, by whom lie had three children, Judith 
E., Etta F., Julius L., all born in Roxbury and died in lifetime of 
father. Mrs. McCollum after iier husbands decease, lived in Lisbon 
Centre, Maine. 
Helen France.s Isabella, born 1 March, 1831; married at Hartford, 
28 Sept., 1849, Stephen Decatur, son of George and Lavinia (Black- 
man) Crane, of Hebron, Conn., born in Ansonia, 24 Feb., 1829. 
Mr. Crane is a saddler in Hartford. Children: Helen R., born 28 
Aug., 1850, deceased; married William H. Johnson of Westfield, 
Mass. ; Charles Louis, born 25 Dec, 1852, lives in Hartford ; Lottie E., 
born 4 Feb., 1855, married Wm. H. Starr of Hartford; William A., 
born 17 March, 1858, died 19 Dec, 1874; Mary Estelle, born 1 March, 
1860, married George I. Russell and lives in Orlando, Fla.; Frederic 
Augustus, born 18 Feb., 1862, lives in Hartford; Carrie L., born 21 
June, 1864; Arthur Putnam, died young; Harry S., born 29 Nov., 
1868; Frank, born and died 1874. All except the last, who was 
born in Farmington, were born in Hartford. 
Charles Elliot, born 27 June, 1833. He left home at the age of four- 
teen years. He was iir the insurance business in Columbus, Ohio. 

* Benjamin Douglas Putnam married in Middletown, 23 Dec, 1880, 
Mary Louise, daughter of Josiah and Sarah (Wilcox) Hubbard, born in 
Clinton, Conn., 26 Sept., 1858. He is an electrician and lives in Middle- 
town. Elihu Plum Putnam married in New York, 26 June, 1879, Sarah 
Celestia, daugliter of Lyman and Eunice Amelia (Foote) Phim of' Great 
Barrington, Mass., born 12 Oct., 1856. He is a dry goods merchant in 


THOMAS rrXN AM, yiHingor brother of John, born in Eng- 
land, (Hod m Wimlsor, Vermont, 28 July, 1831 (bible records). 

11{> married, Rosamond, daughter of Phili}) and (Holmes) 

Rounseval, who di(>d in Holliston, Mass., 28 July. 1859, aet. 
90 years. 

Aeeording to Ceoi-ge Putnam who wroti^ in 1834 an^l who 

had met some of \\\c family, then^ were ten ehildren in all in 

the family of Thomas, and he (>nununates l^athsheba, John, 

Riehard, Ariel. Hetsy. and Henry. Vvom Mrs. Gaylord, we 

have but the names of two ehildren. viz. William and Petsy, 

while the (Useendants of William repin't John, Royal, AVill- 

iam, Thomas, and .ltM-(>me. 


H.\riisnKUA, s;>iJ to ha\o ln\>n tnnrritxl aiul .-iottknl in Boston or vicinity 

in 1S;>4. 
John, a printer in Hoston in IS.'vt. 


Royal (probably tho Ariol oi (.K>orgo rutnain 's list). 

WiLijAM, born in Connecticut, S March, 1796. 



Henky, said to have settled in New York state and been a woolen nianii- 
factun^r in ISivl. 

HETSKY.died l.> leb., 1 SJo, aet. SO years 11 days (some error) ; marrieil 
William Ciaylonl who was wounded at the battle of Plattsburg. 
They had seven children, of whom Gardner was killed at the second 
battle of i>vill Hun. and Harriet is the wife of I. I. Edgerly of Leo- 
minster, Mass. 

Wu. 1.1AM (Thomaf^'), born in CiMineetieut. 8 Mareh. 179(i, 
died in Hooksett. X. H., 12 Sept., 1859. aet. 02 years; married 
12 R^b., 1822. Susan Briggs. 


lliKAM RoYAi , b. in Sharon. Mass.. 5 July, ISJ.'k married in Boston, 
4 July, t8,">l. Lucy Ann Bryant, born in Union, Maine, 21 Feb., 
lS;il. Mr. l^utnan> was a blacksmith and lived in Hulibardston 
in 1S8S. His children were KUa M.. born in Walpole. Ma^s., 31 
May, 185.?, m. '2'2 Feb., 1S7;?, Wm. F. Ferrin of Pennycock, N.H., aiid 
has ('has. H. Kerrin, Archie W. Ferrin. and Levi S. Ferrin; Anna 


Lucy, b. ill Walpolo, 23 Oct., 1855, now of llubbaidston; Lewis IL, 
b. llooksett, 13 Jan., 1858, m. 21 Feb.. 1880, Vina K., dau. of (ioorge 
and LsabcIIa (Harrison) McLaughlin of Hoilford, N. H.,born 21 
Dec, 1864. Their children are Leslie H., Edith M., Ernest, C, 
and a son born in 1888, all in Manchester, N. II. ; Lizzie S., b. Wal- 
pole, 25 Dec., 1860, died 1863; Effie May, b. and d. in Manchester, 

WiLLAUD A., b. 5 Nov., 1827; of Ainoskeag, N. 11. in 1889, and has <;hild- 
ren William and Alice. 

William IIknhv, b. 26 Jan., 1823; of Hookset, 1889. lie ni. 14 Feb., 

1847, L. J. Bryant and has Julius Henry, and Alice J., wife of 

Sawyer. Julius Henry has a son, Leon Henry of Manchester, N. H. 

Susan Francrs, b. 9 A()ril, 1830; of California 1889. 

LuciNDA E., b. in Walpole, Mass., 22 Oct., 1839 ; of California in 1889. 

Mary Jane, b. in Walpole, 20 Dec, 1841 ; of California in 1889. 





Putnam, Captain, Col. David Brewer's regt. ; return for rations for June 
11, 1775. 

Aaron, Beverly. Priv., Lt. Peter Shaw's co., which marched j^robably. 
on the alarm of April 19, 1775; serv., 2 days. 

Aaron, Beverly (also given Danvers). List of men raised to serve in 
the Cont. Army, from 1st, 2d, and 3d cos., as returned by Capt. Larkin 
Thorndike, Capt. John Woodbery, and Capt. Jos. R[ae]; residence, Beverly; 
eng. for Beverly ; joined Capt. Wm. Porter's co., Col. Francis's regt. ; term, 
3 years ; reported as belonging to 2d Beverly co. ; also, Priv., Capt. Porter's 
CO., Col. Benj. Tupper's regt. ; Cont. Army pay accounts for serv. from Feb. 
1, 1777, to Feb. 1, 1780; residence, Danvers; also, Capt. Billy Porter's co., 
Col. Ebenezer Francis's regt. ; subsistence allowed from date of enlistment, 
Feb. 1, 1777, to time of arrival at Bennington; credited with 52 days allow- 
ance; 240 miles travel; co. to march March 12, 1777; also, Capt. Porter's 
CO., Col. Tupper's regt.; muster roll for Jan., 1779, dated West Point; also, 
Capt. Samuel Page's (Light Infantry) co.. Col. Tupper's regt.; muster roll 
dated West Point, April 5, 1779. 

Aaron (Putnan). Priv., Capt. Josiah Wilder's co., Col. Nathan Spar- 
hawk's regt. commanded by Maj. Daniel Clap; entered serv. July 4, 1778; 
disc. July 15, 1778; serv., 13 days, at Rutland Barracks; co. raised for 
20 days serv. Roll dated Templeton. 

Aaron, Danvers. Priv., Capt. Edmund Putnam's (Alarm) co. of Dan- 
vers, which marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775; serv., 1 day. 

Aaron, Stoneham. Priv., Capt. Sam. Sprague's (Stoneham) co., which 
marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775; serv., 4 days; also, as Putman, of 
Winchendon, Priv. ; also, Capt. Holman's co.. Col. Doolittle's regt. ; muster 
roll dated Aug. 1, 1775; enl. April 28, 1775; also, same co.; order for ad- 
vance pay, signed by said Putnam and others, dated Cambridge, June 10, 
1775; also, certificate dated Cambridge, June 18, 1775, signed by Capt. 

* From Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary War. A com- 
pilation from the Archives prepared and published by the Secretary of the Common- 
wealth, etc. Boston, 1904. 



Jona. Holman, certifying; that said Putnam and others in his co., Col. Doo- 
little's regt., were in need of pouches anil tliat each had receiveci one, for 
which said Hohnan promised to be accountabh;; also, Priv., ('apt. Hol- 
man 's CO., Col. l']phraim Doolittle's regt.; co. return dated Camp at Winter 
Hill, Oct. 6, 1775; also, order for bounty coat or its ecpiivalent in money 
dated Winter Hill, Dec. 21, 1775. 

Aaron. Surgeon's Mate, Col. Frye's regt. ; list of surgeons and surgeons 
mates examined and approved by a committee of ('ongress, at Watertown, 
July 5, 1775; also, Surgeon's Mate; receipt given to Col. !5ald\vin, for ration 
allowance from Jan. 1, 1776, to April I, 177(), dated New York; also, certi- 
ficate addressed to the Council, dated Poston, June 17, 1777, signed by 
Col. Joseph Vose, certifying that he had chosen said Putnam as Surgeon, and 
Dr. Jos. li'isk as Surgeon's Mate for his regt.; also, Surgeon, Col. Vose's 
regt.; list, of field and staff officers appearing on a muster roll of Capt. 
Moses Asiiley's co., dated July 1, 1777, appointed Jan. 1, 1777; reported 
not joined; also, return of field and staff officers in Col. Vose's regt. who 
were in camp on or before Aug. 15, 1777, dated Providence, Feb. 6, 1779; 
reported disc. Oct. 20, 1777. 

AnuAHAM (of (Jharlestown). Boy, brigantine "Hazard," commanded 
by Capt. Simeon Samson; eng. Oct. 17, 1777; disc. May 20, 1778; serv., 7 
mos. 3 days; roll dated Boston; also, Boy, State brig "Hazanl," com- 
manded by Capt, John Foster Williams; eng. July 4, 1778; disc. Oct. 14, 
1778; serv., 3 mos. 12 days; also, as Putnam, eng. Nov. 19, 1778; disc. 
April 20, 1779; also, Seaman, ship "Protector," commanded by Capt. John 
Foster Williams; eng. March 17, 1780; disc. Aug. 17, 1780; serv., 5 mos.; 
also, same vessel and commander; eng. Nov. 27, 1780; serv., 5 mos. 8 days 
reported captured May 5, 1781. 

Adonijah, Sutton. Priv., Capt. Arthur Dagget's (Slitton) co, of Min- 
ute-men, Col. Larned's regt., which marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775; 
serv., 12 days. 

Allen, Danvers. Priv., Capt. Enoch Putnam's co.. Col. John Mans- 
field's regt.; muster roll dated Aug. 1, 1775; enl. May 18, 1775; serv. 2 
mos. 19 days; also, Capt. Putnam's co.. Col. Mansfield's (19th) regt. com- 
manded by lit. Col. Israel Hutchinson; co. return dated (\^t. 6, 1775; also, 
as Putnean, on order for bounty coat dated at Winter Hill, 27 Oct., 1775. 

Allen, Danvers. Descriptive list of men raised to reinforce the Cont. 
Army for the term of 6 mos., agreeable to resolve of June 5, 1780, returned 
as received of Justin Ely, Comm., by Brig. Gen. John Glover, at Spring- 
field, July 28, 1780; age, 18 yrs. ; stature, 5 ft. 6 in.; complexion, light; eng. 
for Danvers; arrived at Springfield July 27, 1780; marciied to camp July 
28, 1780, under command of Capt. Storer; also, list of men raised for the 
6 mos. serv. and returned by Brig. Gen. Paterson as having jiassed muster 
in a return dated Camp Totoway.'Oct. 25. 1780; also, Priv.; pay roll for 
6 mos. men raised by Danvers for serv. in the Cont. Army during 1780; 


marched to camp July 2.5, 1780; disc. Dec. 7, 1780; serv., 4 mos. 25 days, 
including travel (240 miles) home. 

Allen. Priv., Capt. Asa Prince's co., Col. Danforth Keyes's regt. ; 
enl. Aug. 1, 1777; disc. Jan. 3, 1778; serv., 5 mos. 4 days, at Rhode 
Island; also, same co. and regt.; pay roll dated Providence, Dec. 31, 1777, 

Amos, Beverly. List of men raised to serve in the Cont. Army [year 
not given]; residence, Beverly; eng. for Beverly. 

Amos, Danvers. Priv., Capt. John Putnam's (Alarm) co. of Danvers, 
which marched on the alarm of April 19, 177.5; serv., 2 days. 

Amos, New Salem. Capt. John King's (9th) co.. Col. Benj. Ruggles 
Woodbridge's regt. ; receipt for advance pay, signed by said Putnam and 
others, dated Cambridge, June 22, 177.5; also, Priv., same co. and regt.; 
muster roll dated Aug. 1, 1775; enl. May 11, 1775; serv., 1 mo. 26 days; 
also, CO. return dated Cambridge Camp, Sept. 27, 1775; reported died 
July 4, 1775; also, as Putnum, order for bounty coat dated Camp at Pros- 
pect Hill, Dec. 23, 1775. 

Amos. Priv., Capt. John Joslin's co.. Col. Job Cushing's regt.; serv., 
1 mo. 7 days; co. marched from Leominster to Bennington the last of July, 
1777, to join forces under Col. Seth Warner. 

Andrew. Capt., 7th co., Col. Larkin Tliorndike's (8th Essex Co.) regt. 
of Mass. militia; list of officers; comm. April 24, 1778. 

Andrew (Putnom). Priv., Capt. Fortunatus Eager's co., Lt. Col. 
Ephraim Sawyer's regt.; marched Oct. 2, 1777; Oct. 18, 1777; serv., 
25 days, including 8 days (160 miles) travel home; co. marched to rein- 
force Northern Army. 

Archel.^us. Sergeant, Capt. Jona. Woodbury's co.. Col. Jacob Davis's 
regt.; marched July 30, 1780; disc. Aug. 7, 1780; serv., 12 days, at Rhode 
Lsland on an alarm, including 4 days (72 miles) travel home; roll dated 
Sutton; also, Capt John Howard's co.. Col. Jona. Holman's regt.; serv., 
30 days, with Northern army at the time of the reduction of Gen. Bur- 
goyne; mileage for 295 miles allowed said Putnam ; warrant for pay allowed 
in Council, May 4. 1778. 

Asa, Danvers. Clerk, Capt. John Putnam's (Alarm) co. of Danvers, 
which marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775; service, 2 day.s. 

Asa, Sudbury. Priv., list of men returned as serving on main guard 
under Lt. Col. L. Baldwin at Pro.spect Hill, dated July 16, 1775; also, Capt. 
Aaron Haynes's co., Col. Jona. Brewer's regt.; muster roll dated Aug. 1, 
1775; enl. May 3, 1775; serv., 90 days; reported a minor; also, co. return 
dated Prospect Hill, Oct. 6, 1775; also, order for bounty coat or its equiva- 
lent in money dated Cambridge, Oct. 25, 1775; also, order on Deacon 
Jeffers, Paymaster to the Colony troops, payable to Col. Ephraim Jackson, 
dated Camp at Hull, July 10, 1776, signed by said Putnam and others 
belonging to Capt. Abishai Brown's co.. Col. Jo.siah Whitney's regt., for 
advance pay, etc. ;( also appears as Putmen and Putmon);aZso, petition dated 


Camp at Hull, Sept. 17, 1776, signed by said Putnam and others Ix-longing 
to battalion stationed at Hull, asking for increase and payment of wages; 
also, Priv., Capt. lirown's oo., Col. Whitruiy's regt. ; serv. from Nov. 1, 
1770, to Dee. 1, 1776, 1 mo. 2 days; roll dated Camp at Hull; also, Capt. 
Jona. Rice's co., Col. Sam'. Bullard's regt. ; enl. Aug. 17, 1777 ; disc. Oct. 17, 
1777; serv., 2 mos. 8 days, including 7 days (14U miles) (ravel liome; co. 
ordered to march to reinforce Northern army. 

Asa, Western (Warren). Corporal, Capt. Ezekiel Knoulton's co., ("ol. 
Dike's regt.; pay abstract for mileage from home to Dorchester Heights; 
also, same co. and regt.; pay abstract for travel allowance from Dorchester 
home, dated Dorchester, Nov. 20, 1776; 75 miles travel allowed saiil Put- 
nam; also, Priv., ('apt. Jos. Cutler's co. of volunteers; serv., IS days, in 
Northern department; co. marched from Western and Oakham Sept. 24, 
1777, to reinforce army under Gen. (iates. 

.\s.v. List of men belonging to Capt. .lolui (ileason's co., endorsed 
"North Kingston June 26th 1777;" deposition made by Micah Balcom 
July 26, 1844, states that he eng. the first part of May, 1777, in Capt. 
Gleason's co., Col. Josiah Whitney's regt., and. rendered 2 nios. 8 days 
serv. at Rhode Island; said co. was made u{) of men from Marlborough, 
Stow, Sudbury, I'Vamingham, Natick, Sherburne, HoUiston, and Hop- 

JiAKTHOLOMEW. Priv., Capt. Jona. Woodbury's co., Col. Jacob Davis's 
regt.; marched July :W, 1780; disc. Aug. 7, 1780; serv., 12 days, at Rhode 
Island, including 4 days (72 miles) travel home. Roll dated Sutton. 

Benjamin, Danvers. Sergeant, Capt. P^dnumd Putnam's (Alarm) co. 
of Danvers, which marched on tlie alarm of April 19, 1775; serv., 1 day. 

Benjamin, Danvers (also given Wilton, N. H.). Lisi of men raised to 
serve in the Cont. Army from 1st, 2d, M, and 4th cos., of Danvers; resi- 
dence, Danvers; eng. for Danvers; joined Capt. Scott's co., Col. Henley's 
regt.; term, 3 years; reported as belonging to 4th co.; also, list of men 
mustered by Nath'. Barber, Muster Master for Suffolk Co., dated Boston, 
Feb. 15, 1778; Capt. Scott's co.. Col. Henley's regt.; also, Priv., Capt. 
Scott's (Light Infantry) co.. Col. Henry Jackson's regt.; Cont. Army pay- 
accounts for serv. from Jan. 1, 1780, to Dec. 14, 1780; also, return certified 
at Camp near Morristown, April 30, 1780, of officers and men belonging 
to Col. Lee's, Col. Henley's, and Col. Jackson's regts., and men l)elonging 
to Mass. in Col. Henry Sherburne's regt., who were incorporated into a 
regt. under the command of Col. Henry Jackson, agreeable to the arrange- 
ment of April 9, 1779; Capt. Fox's co.; rank, Priv.; residence, Wilton, 
N. H.; eng. for Danvers; eng. Dec. 14, 1777; term, 3 years; also, Capt. Jos. 
Fox's (3d) CO., Col. Henry Jackson's (16th) regt.; pay rolls for April-July, 
1780; also as Putman , Priv., Capt. Fox's co., Col. Henry Jackson's regt. ; 
Cont. Army pay accounts for serv. from Dec. 14, 1777, to Dec. 31, 1779; 
account reported as having been made up and settled in state of New Hamp- 


shire; aho. Col. David Henly's regt. ; return of recruits for knapsacks, dated 
Boston, Feb. 10, 1778; reported vinder marching orders; ako, Capt. William 
Scott's CO.. Col. Henly's regt.; pay roll for Nov., 1778; also, Capt. Joseph 
Fox's (7th) CO., Col. Henry Jackson's regt.; master roll for April, 1779, 
dated Pawtuxet; reported on command at Warwick; also, same co. and 
regt.; pay roll for July, 1779; aho, same co. and regt.; muster roll for Oct. 
1779, dated Camp Providence; enl. Dec. 14, 1777; enl., 3 years; aim, same 
CO. and regt.; regimental return made up to Dec. 31, 1779, dated ('jmip at 
Providence; reported as belonging to New Hampshire. 

Bem.iamin, Sutton. Priv., Capt. John Howard's co., Col. Jona. Hol- 
man's regt.; serv., 24 days, with Northern army at the time of the reduc- 
tion of Gen. Burgoyne ; mileage for 29.') miles allowed said Putnam ; warrant 
for pay allowed in Council May 4. 1778; uIho, list of 9 months men mus- 
tered by Tliomas Newhall, Muster Master for Worcester Co. ; Capt. Wood- 
bury's CO., Col. Davis's regt.; eng. for Sutton; mastered June 29, 1779; 
also, descriptive list of men raised to serve in the Cont. Army for the term 
of 9 months, as returned by Seth Washburn, Superintendent for Worcester 
Co.; Capt. Elliot's co., Col. Davis's regt.; age, 17 yrs.; stature, 5 ft. 7 in.; 
complexion, dark; residence, Sutton; eng. for Sutton; marched to Spring- 
field July 8, 1779; reported delivered to Ca[it. C. Marshall; also, Colonel's 
CO., Col. Michael Jackson's (8th) regt.; entered serv. July 10, 1779; disc. 
March 31. 1780; term, 9 months; also, Priv., Capt. Jona. Woodbury's co.. 
Col. Jacob Davis's regt.; marched July 30, 1780; disc. Aug. 7, 1780; serv., 
12 days, at Rhode Island, including 4 days (72 miles) travel home. 

Benjamin. Receipts given to Benj. Heywood, Paymaster, 4th regt., 
signed by said Putnam, Surgeon, for wages for Sept.-Dec, 1776; also, 
list of prisoners .sent in the cartel "Swift" from Halifax to Boston Sept. 30, 
1778, as returned by Tlios. Baildon, Commissary of Pris; reported a Sur- 

Benjamin, Jr., Danvers (probably). Priv., Capt. Jere. Page's co.; 
serv., 2 days, probably on the alarm of April 19, 1775. 

Caleb, Sutton. Priv., Capt. Bartholomew Woodbury's co.. Col. Ler- 
ned's regt.; pay abstract for billeting to and from camp; co. marched from 
Sutton, Douglas, and Northbridge Dec. 9, 1775; also, Capt. Bartholomew 
Woodbury's co.. Col. Jona. Holman's regt. ;.serv., 1 mo. 13 days; co. marched 
from Sutton to Providence, R. I., on the alarm of Dec. 10, 1776. 

Daniel, Ashburnham. Priv., Capt. Manasseh Sawyer's co.. Col. Nicho- 
las Dike's regt.; pay abstract for travel allowance, etc., home, dated Dor- 
chester Heights, Nov. 30, 1776; said Putnam credited with allowance for 
3 days (61 miles) travel; a/so, appears as Putman; a/.so, same co. and regt. 
pay abstract for gun and blanket money, dated Dorchester, Feb.. 12, 1777 
also, Sergeant, same co. and regt.; muster roll for Dec, 1776-F'eb., 1777 
eng. Dec. 1, 1776; disc. Jan. 21. 1777; regt. raised to serve until March 1 


Daniioi-, Diuivcrs. l/(., Oiipl. S:uii'. I'linCs co. of iiiiliti;i, (.'ol. 'I'iinothy 
I'iclc'riiijf, Jr.'.s rof^l., wliicli iiiiirclicd on (lie .•il;irm of April 19, 177r); serv., 
'J (JMys; a/.sv), ls( \A.., (!:ipt,. S:un'. I'litit's (lM) co., Col. Ilonry Herrick's 
(S(li I'lsscx (^o.) n'fs,i. of Muss, inilitiii; lis( of odiccrs clioscti in said CO.; 
ordered in (iouncil Juno f), i77(), tliut said odicers he coinni.; reported 
eoniin. .Inne f), 177(5. 

Daniki,, l''i(clil)iirf;. lOnsi^n, (';ip(. I'lhenezer iUidj^e's co., Col. John 
Wlictcoinb's ref;(. of Minute-ineii, wliicli niiirclied on (he alurni of April 
ID, I77r), (() (':iMihrid<;e; lef(. place of rendezvous May 2, 1775; serv., 13 
days; rednned home. 

Daniki., Sudbury. I'riv., Capl. .iolm Nixon's co. of Minute-nten, ("ol. 
Ahijah Pierce's rej;;!-., which inarched on (he alarm of April 19, 177r); serv., 
f) days; (iIki>, (/orporal, ('a])(,. Aaron llaynos's co., Col. Jona. I brewer's regt. ; 
muster roll thU-ed Aii}?. 1, I77r>; eid. May 2(5, 177r); serv., ()7 days; also, as 
Pudium, on roll da((ul l'rospec(. Hill, ()e(. (>, 1775; tilso, ord(>r for bounty 
coat or i(s <>(|uivalen( in money da(ed Cainbri(lj:;e, ()c(. 25, 1775. 

Daniki,. i'riv., (^ai)(. VVm. Thurlo's co. ; (ravel ou( and home ISO miles; 
serv. at 20 miUvs per day, 9 days; co. marched on an alarm at Hennington 
Aug. 22, 1777, under command of Maj. Mbenezer I'.rid^i", by ord(>r of CJcn. 
Stark and Col. Warner, and was dismissed by (Jen. I/incoIn af(er proceed- 
ing 90 miles. Holl sworn to in Worcester Co. 

David, Ch<^lmsford. ('ai)(. Henj. Walker's co.. Col. I'lbene/.er I'.ridge's 
(27th) rcgt. ; order for a<lvance pay, signed by said I'udiam and others, 
dated Cambridge, June (i, 1775; also, order on Maj. Harber, dated (Cam- 
bridge, JuiK^ 21, 1775, signed by (Col. 10. Hridge, for cartridge boxes for 
said Pu(.nam and others belonging to \A. John Mint's <•().; oLso, I'riv., Capt. 
Walker's co.. Col. 1 bridge's regt. ; co. return | probably Ock, 1775]; o/so, Capt. 
John Miuod's co., (Col. Dike's regt.; inus(er roll for IVe., 177(i 1 eb., 1777; 
enl. Dec. \'.\, 1 770; regt. raised to servo un(il March I, 1777; also, as Put,- 
inaii. I'ri\'. (C;ip(. .John l'\)i-d's co. of \'olun((H'rs, Col. .lonathan Heed's 
regt.: enl. Sept. 2(S, !777;disc. Nov. S, I777;serv., 10 days; co. probably 
raised in Dracut, Chchnsford, and Dunstable, and m.irched S;'pt. 'M), 
1777, (o rtMid'orce NorduM'n army. 

David, Su((<)n. I'riv., (Capt.. John Sibley's co., which marched on the 
alarm of ,\pril 19, 1775, by order of (Col. Mbene/.cr l.e;uned ; serv., 7 days. 

David, Sutton. Petition addressed to (lu; Pro\incial (Congress, dated 
Koxbury, June 21, 1775, signed by said Tutnam and others who had enl. 
to form an Artillery co., stating their unwillingness to .serve under John 
Wil(>y as (Capt., owing t.o (heir b(>licf in his incompidcnce; also, (^ai)(. lO/.ra 
Hadlam's co. of the (rain of ardllery ; return dated l'o\bury camp. June 2;{, 
1775; also, M Sergt^ant, (Capt. lO/.ra Uadlain's co., (Col. Hichard C.ridley's 
(Ar(illery) regt.; muster roll d.att'd Aug. I, 1775; eng. May 11, 1775; serv., 
2 mos. 25 days; also, co. return dated Sevvall's I'oint, Oct. 8, 1775; also, 
order for bounty coat or i(s e(]uivalent in money datetl Sewall's Point, 
Nov. 27, 1775. 


David, Sutton. Priv., Capt. March ChaHc'n co., Col. Nathan Sparliawk's 
regt. ; eril. Sept. 20, 1778; serv., 2 rnoB. 20 days, at Dorchester; co. disc. 
Dec. 12, 1778. 

David. Priv.; list of men returned as serving on main guard under 
Maj. Loammi Baldwin at Cambridge, dated May 15, 1775. 

David. Account showing sums of money to be paid from the public 
treasury to sundry persons for losses sustained at battles of Lexington and 
Hunker Hill; amounts allowed in Council .June I.'j, 1776. 

David. Sergeant^ Lt. Jos. Sibley's detachment, Col. Jona. Holman's 
regt.; serv., 21 days; detachment marched from Sutton to Providence, 
R. I., Dec. 10, 1776, on an alarm. 

David. Corporal, Capt. Bartholomew Woodbury's co., Col. Jona. 
Holman's regt.; serv., 1 mo. IH days; co. marched from Sutton to Provi- 
dence, R. I., on the alarm of Dec. 10, 1776. 

David. Corporal, Capt. John Howard's co., Col. Jona. Holman's regt.: 
serv., .'iO days, with Northern army at the time of the reduction of Cen. 
liurgoyne; mileage for 295 miles allowed said Putnam; warrant for pay 
allowed in Council May 4, 1778. 

David. Priv., Capt.. Jos. Poynton's co.. Col. Nath'. Wade's regt.; 
muster roll dated East Greenwich, Sept. 17, 1778; enl. July 1, 1778; serv. 
at Rhode Island; reported deserted Sept. 1, 1778; enl. to expire Jan. 1, 
1779; also, appears as Putnum, with no record of desertion. 

David. 2d Lt., Col. Crane's (Artillery) regt.; Cont. Army pay accounts 
for serv. from Jan. 1, 1777, to March 26, ]7>-(i; also, 2d Lt., Capt. .jotham 
Drury's co., Col. John Crane's regt.; pay rolls for Sept. -Dec, 1777; re- 
ported on command at I'ort Mifflin in Oct., 1777; also, same regt.; returns 
of officers for clothing, dated Boston, May 26, and Sept. 25, 1778; also, 
2d Lt., Capt. David Cook's co., Col. Crane's regt. ; muster rolls for Jan. and 
March, 1779, dated Warren; appointed Feb. 1, 1777; also, same co. and 
regt.; pay roll for April, 1779. 

David. Corporal, Capt. Jona. Woodbury's co., Col. Jacob Davis's regt.; 
marched July 30, 1780; disc. Aug. 8, 1780; serv., 12 days, on an ah^rm at 
Rhode Island, including 4 days ("72 miles) travel home. Roll dated Sutton. 

Ebenezer, Sutton rj^robublyj. Priv., Capt. Andrew Eliot's co., Col. 
Learnard's regt., which marched on the alarm of April 19, ]77.'>; serv., 
]'i days; also, Capt. Jolin Howard's co., Col. Sam'. Brewer's regt.; return 
for travel allowance, etc., from Saratoga home; 184 miles travel allowed 
said Putnam; warrant for pay allowed in Council March 12, 1777. 

Edmund, Danvers. Captain of an Alarm co. of Danvers, which marched 
on the alarm of April 19, 1775; serv., 2 days. 

Eleazek, Medford. Priv., Capt. Isaac Hall's co.. Col. Thomas Gard- 
ner's regt., which assembled April 19, 1775; serv., 5 days. 

Eleazek. 2d Lt., Capt. Jos. Tufts's 8th (Medford) co.. Col. Sam'. 


Thatcher's (1st Middlesex Co.) regt. of Mass, inihtia; list of officers chosen 
by the several cos. in said regt., dated Watertown, April 26, 177(); ordered 
in Council April 29, 1776, that said officers be comm.; reported conim. April 
29, 1776; Jona. Porter reported as having taken place of said Putnam 
June 17, 1776. 

Ele.vzeu. Account of money paid by persons to hire men to go to 
Canada [year not given], examined and allowed by a committee at Med- 
ford, Oct. 8, 1776. 

Eleazer. Account of money paid by ])ersons to hire men who went 
to New York in Sei)t., 1776, examined and allowed by a committee at 
Medford Jan. 13, 1777. 

Eleazek. Priv., Capt. Benj. Blaney's co.. Col. Eleazer Brook's regt. 
of guards; joined Jan. 17, 1778; serv. to April 3, 1778, 78 days, at Cam- 

Eli, Worcester. Drummer, Capt. Timothy Bigelow's co. of Minute- 
men and militia. Col. Artemas Ward's regt., which marched on the alarm 
of April 19, 1775; serv., 5 days; reported enl. into the army; also, petition 
addressed to the Provincial Congress, dated Roxbury, June 21, 1775, 
signed by said Putnam and others who had enl. to form an Artillery co., 
stating their unwillingness to serve under John Wiley as Captain, owing to 
their belief in his incompetence; also, Priv., Capt. Jonas Hubbard's co.. 
Col. Jona. Ward's regt. ; co. return dated Dorchester, Oct. 7, 1775; reported 
enl. into the train; also, Matross, Capt. Ezra Badlam's co., Col. Richard 
Gridley's (Artillery) regt.; muster roll dated Aug. 1, 1775; enl. April 24, 
1775 (as Putnum); enl. (in the train), June 7, 1775; serv., 1 mo. 27 days; 
also, CO. return date<,l Sewall's Point, Oct. 8, 1775; also, order for bounty 
coat or its equivalent in money dated Sewall's Point, Nov. 27, 1775. 

Eli. Priv., Capt. Jos. Cutler's co. of volunteers; serv., 32 days, in 
Northern dept. ; co. marched from Western (Warren) and Oakham, Sept. 
24, 1777 to reinforce army under Gen. Gates. 

Elijah, Lunenburg. Priv., Capt. Manasseh Sawyer's co., Col. Nicholas 
Dike's regt.; pay abstract for travel allowance, etc., home, dated Dor- 
chester Heights, Nov. 30 1776; said Putnam credited with allowance for 
2 days (48 miles) travel; also, list of men raised to serve in the Cont. Army 
from Capt. Jos. Bellows's co., 8th Worcester Co. regt.; residence, Limen- 
burg; eng. for Lunenburg; also, Priv., Capt. lirown's co.. Col. Timothy 
Bigelow's regt.; Cont. Army pay accounts for serv. from Feb. 27, 1777, 
to Dec. 31, 1779; also, Capt. Sylvanus Smith's co.. Col. Timothy Bigelow's 
regt.; muster roll for Jan.-Aug., 1777, dated Van Schaick's Island and 
sworn to in Camp at Stillwater; enl. Feb. 27, 1777; enl., 3 years; reported on 
command at Albany; also, muster roll for Nov., 1777, sworn to at Camp 
near the Gulf; also, return dated Feb. 2, 1778; mustered by Middlesex 
Co. Muster Master; also, muster rolls for Dec, 1777-May, 1778, dated 
Valley Forge; reported on fatigue duty in May, 1778; also, muster roll for 




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Mwir ^' 

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June, 1778, dated Camp rireenwicli; a/.s-o, muster rolls for July, 177S-Jijne, 
1779, dated Camp at Providence; reported a wagoner in Marcli-June, 1779; 
also, muster roll for July, 1779; reported a wagoner; aUo, muster roll for 
Aug., 1779, dated Camp at Salem; reported transferred to (late) Capt. 
Brown's co. Sept. 1, 1779; alno, Colonel's co.. Col. iiigelow's regt. ; Cont. 
Army pay accounts for serv. from Jan. 1, 1780, to Feb. 7, 1780. 

Elisha, Sutton. Priv., Capt. John Putnam's (Sutton) co. of Minute- 
men, Col. Ebenezer Larned's regt., which marched on the alarm of April 
19, 1775; serv., 14 days; aho, petition addressed to the Provincial Con- 
gress, dated Roxbury, June 21, 177.5, signed by said Putnam and others 
who had enl. to form an Artillery co., stating their unwillingness to serve 
under John Wiley as Captain, owing to their belief in his incompetence; 
alao, Capt. Ezra Jiadlam's co. of the train of artillery; return dated Rox- 
bury Cam]j, June 2'.'), 177o; aino, Matrons, Capt. Ezra Hadlam's co., Col. 
Richard Gridley's (Artillery) regt.; muster roll dated Aug. 1, 1775; enl. 
May 6, 1775; serv., 3 mos. 4 days; aim, co. return dated Sewall's Point, 
Oct. 8, 1775; alno, order for bounty coat or its equivalent in money dated 
Sewall's Point, Dec. 26, 1775; alno, Priv., Capt. John Howard's co.. Col. 
Sam', lirewer's regt.; return for travel allowance, etc., from Saratoga 
home; 191 miles travel allowed said Putnam; warrant for pay allowed in 
Ojuncil March 12, 1777; alno, Capt. Reuben Sibley's co.. Col. Jacob Davis's 
regt.; marched July '.'>U, 1780; disc. Aug. 8, 1780; serv., 1.3 days, at Rhode; 
Island on an alarm, including 4 days (72 miles) travel home. 

Enoch, Dan vers. 2d Lt., Capt. Israel Hutchinson's co. of Minute-men, 
which marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775; serv., 2 days; alno, list of 
captains in Col. John Mansfield's regt.; ordered in [Provincial] Congress 
May 27, 1775, that said officers be commissioned; alao, Capt., Col. John 
Mansfield's regt. ; muster roll dated Aug. 1 , 1775; eng. April 20, 1775 ; serv., 
.3 mos. 13 days; aho, Col. Mansfield's (19th) regt. commanded by Lt. Col. 
Israel Hutchinson; co. return dated Oct. 6, 1775; aLno, Capt., .3d co. ; copy 
of a list of men taken from the Orderly I'ook of Col. Israel Hutchinson, of 
the 27th regt. ; dated Fort Lee; reported taken prisoner at J''ort Washington 
Nov. 16, 1776; aho, official record of a ballot by the House of Representa- 
tives, dated March 4, 1778; said Putnam chosen Lt. Col., Col. Larkin 
Thorndike's (8th Essex Co.) regt. of Mass. militia; appointment concurred 
in by Council March 4, 1778; reported comm. March 4, 1778; aho, Lt. Col., 
Col. Nathan Tyler's regt.; list of officers of a regt. ordered to be detached 
to serve at Rhode Island until Jan. 1, 1780, agreeable to resolve of June 8, 
1779; comm. June 18, 1779; aho, Lt. Col., Col. Nathan Tyler's regt.; eng. 
June 17, 1779; disc. Dec. 31, 1779; serv., 6 mos. 14 days, at Rhode Island ; 
aho, Lt. Col. Commandant of a regt. raised i/j reinforce the Cont. Army 
for 3 mos. and stationed at West Point; detached July 7, 1781 ; disc. Dec. 
8, 1781 ; serv., 5 mos. 13 days, including 1 2 days (240 miles) travel home. 

Enos, Danvers. Priv., Capt. John Putnam's (Alarm) co. of Danvers, 
which marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775; serv., 2 days. 


l')zuA, Middlotoii. Lt., Capt. Asa Prince's oo., wliicli inarched on tlie 
alarm of April 19, I77r); serv., 2 daws; also, Maj., Col. John MansfieM's 
( 19tli) regt. ; en;^. May ',i, 1775; serv., ',i inos. T) days; also, orders of the day, 
diilcil ('atnbridge, May 28, June 3, June 4, and July 21 , 1775; said Putnam, 
Maj., apiKiinted field ollicer of fatigue for May 29, June 3,/l, and 5, and 
July 21, 1775; also, Maj., (U)!. Mansfield's (19t.h) regt. commanded by Lt. 
Ool. Israel Hutchinson; list of field and stafi" officers apjjearing on a return 
of Capt. Ezra Newhall's co., dated Oct. G, 1775. 

Ezra, Middleton. ('apt. Asa Prince's co., ("ol. Mansfield's regt.; order 
for advance pay, signed by said Putnam and others, dated (-aznbridge, 
June cS, 1775; also, Druivuner, sanie co. and regt.; muster roll dated Aug. 
1, 1775; enl. May 12, 1775; serv., 2 mos. 25 days; also, Capt. Prince's co.. 
Col. Mansfield's (19th) regt. commanded by Lt. ('ol. Israel Hutchinson; 
CO. return dated Oct. 6, 1775; also, order for bounty coat or its equivalent 
in money; memorandum on reverse of order states that money was paid 
to ('apt. Prince Dec. 21 [1775];, descriptive list of men raised to rein- 
force the Cont. Army for the term of (> mos., agreeable to resolve of Jime 5, 
17S(), returned as received of Justin ]']ly, Comni., by Maj. Peter Ilarwood, 
of (ith Mass. regt., at S])ringfie(l, July 5, 1780; age, 21 yrs.; stature, 5 ft. 8 
in.; complexion, light; eng. for Middleton; arrived at Springfield July 5, 
1780; marched to camp Jidy G, 1780, under command of Lt. Taylor, of 
2d Mass. regt.; also, list of men raised for the 6 mos. serv. and returned by 
Brig. Gen. Paterson as having passed muster in a return dated Camp Toto- 
way, Oct. 25, 1780; also, Priv., ('apt. Job. Whipi)le's co., Col. Rufus Put- 
nam's (5tli) regt. ; muster roll for Jan., 1781 , dated West Point; enl. July 5, 
1780; disc. Jan. 5, 1781 ; enl., (i mos.; also, appears on list of (5 mos. men 
from Middleton, as Puman, in wliicli service is given (i mos., 22 days. 

I'iZHA, Sutton. Priv., Capt. Andrew Eliot's co., ('ol. Learnard's regt. 
which marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775; serv., 8 days; also, Capt. 
Isaac Bolster's co., Col. Ebenezer l.iearned's regt.; muster roll dated Aug. 
1, 1775; enl. April 27, 1775; serv., 3 mos. 12 days; also, co. return dated 
Roxbury, Oct. 7, 1775; also, order for bounty coat or its equivalent in 
money dated Rexbury, Dec. 26, 1775; «/.so, Priv., Capt. Abijah P)urbank's 
CO., Col. Jona. Holman's regt.; serv., 21 days; co. marched from Sutton to 
Providence, R. I., Dec. 10, 177G, on an alarm; altio, as Putman. Priv., 
Capt. -Xbijah Burbanks' co.. Col. Jacob Davis's regt.; marched to camp 
July 30, 1780; disc. Aug. 7, 1780; serv., 12 days, on an alarm at Rhode 
Island, including 31 days (75 miles) travel home. 

1''kancis, Sutton. Priv., Capt. Bartholomew Woodbury's co.. Col. 
Lernad's regt.; pay abstract for billeting to and from camp; co. marched 
from Sutton, Douglas, and Northbridge, Dec. 9, 1775; also, Capt. Bar- 
tholomew Woodbiu-y's co., Col. Job Cushing's regt.; enl. Aug. 13, 1777; 
disc. Nov. 29, 1777; .serv., 3 mos. 27 days, in Northern department, in- 
cluding 10 days (200 miles) travel home; co. marched from Worcester ('o. 
Aug. 16, 1777; also, Capt. Jona. Woodbury's co.. Col. Jacob Davis's regt.; 


marched July '.iO, 1780: disc. Aug. 7, 17M(); scrv., 12 days, on an alarm at 
Rhode Island, including 4 days (72 miles) travel home. 

Fkancis. Ensign, Col. Henry Jackson's regt. ; ("ont. Army pay accounts 
for serv. from — to Oct. 4, 1778; reported disc, by general court-martial 
Oct. 4, 1778; also, Lt., Col. David Henley's regt.; return of officers for 
clothing allowed by order of General Court of March 13, 177S; a/.so, Ensign, 
same regt.; return of oflicers for clothing, dated Hoston, May 25, 1778; 
also, return certified at Camj) near Morristown, April '.',(), 1780, of officers 
and men belonging to Col. Lee's, Col. Henley's and Col. Jackson's regts., 
and men belonging to Mass. in Col. Henry Sherburne's regt., who were 
incorporated into a regt. under the command of Col. Henry Jackson, agree- 
able to the arrangement of April 9, 1779; rank. Ensign; said Putnam re- 
turned among officers belonging to Col. David Henley's regt. who were 
not included in the above arrangement; reported from the serv. by 
.sentence of court-martial, Oct. 4, 1778. 

Gideon, Northfield. Priv., Capt. Joshua L. Woodbridge's co.. Col. 
Nathan Tyler's regt.; enl. Aug. 1, 1779; serv., 4 mos., at Rhode Island; 
roll sworn to at Newport; also, same co. and regt.; pay roll for Dec, 1779, 
sworn to at Newport, allowing 1 mo. 7 days serv. at Rhode Island, travel 
(148 miles) included; also, descriptive list of men raised to reinforce the 
Cont. Army for the term of 6 mos., agreeable to resolve of June .'>, 1780, 
returned as received of Justin Ely, Comm., by Prig. Gen. John Glover, at 
Springfield, July 7, 1780; age, 17 yrs.; stature, 5 ft. G in.; (complexion, 
light; eng. for Northfield; arrived at Springfield July 6, 1780; marched to 
camp July 7, 1780, under command of Capt. Dix; also, list of men raised 
for the 6 mos. serv. and returned by Prig. Gen. Paterson as having passed 
muster in a return dated Camp Totoway, Oct. 25, 1780; also, as Putman. 
Pay roll for 6 months men raised by the town of Northfield for serv. in 
the Cont. Army during 1780; marched from home July 4, 1780; disc. Jan. 8, 
1781 ; serv., mos. 13 days, including travel (100 miles) liome. 

GiDKON, Sutton. Priv., Capt. John Putnam's (Sutton) co. of Minute- 
men, Col. Ebenezer Larned's regt.; which marched on the alarm of April 
19, 1775; serv., 14 days. 

Henry, Danvers. Sergeant, Capt. Jere. Page's co.; serv., 2 days, prob- 
ably on the alarm of April 19, 1775; also, Capt. Addison Richardson's co., 
Col. Joim Mansfield's regt.; order for advance pay, signed by said Putnam 
and others, dated Cambridge, June 14, 1775; above men reported as having 
taken the oath in Middlesex Co. June 14, 1775, required by Congress to 
be taken by the Mass. army; also, Sergeant, same co. and regt; muster 
roll dated Aug. 1, 1775; eng. May 12, 1775; serv., 2 mos. 24 days; also, 
Capt. Richardson's co.. Col. Mansfield's (19th) regt. commanded by Lt. 
Col. Israel Hutchinson; co. receipt for wages for Sept., 1775, dated Camp 
at Winter Hill; also, co. return dated Oct. 6, 1775; also, order for bounty 


coat or its eiiuivaleiit in money <late(l Cainj) at Winter Hill, Oct. 27, 1775; 
alu>, iMisign, Capt. Richardson's (r)tli) co.; coj)y of a list of men taken from 
the Orderly Book of Col. Israel Hutchinson, of the 27tli regt., dated Fort 
Lee; reported taken prLsoner at I'ort Washington Nov. IG, 1776. 

Henry, Reading. Capt. .lohn I'^lint's co., Col. David Green's regt.j 
serv., 9 days, probably on tlie alarm of April M), 177"); <i/sn, Capt. Amos 
Upton's CO.; return for etiuipnients, made by Capt. Upton, dated Reading, 
April 21, 1775; John Mint reported Ca{>t. in the room of said Upton; also, 
list dateil Reading, May 15, 1775, of men belonging to the Hd Reading co. 
under C'apt. John Flint, as certified by Timothy Rusel, Clerk. 

HovvAiiD, Sutton. Fist of men nvustered by Thomas Newhall, Muster 
Master for Worcester Co.; Capt. Hurbeck's co., Col. Crane's regt.; mus- 
tered May 27, 1777; term, ."{yrs.; ali^o, as Putman, Sutton. Matross, Capt, 
Cooks' CO., Col. John Crane's (.Vrtillery) regt. ; Cont. Army pay accounts 
for serv. from March 16, 1777,. to Dec. 31, 1779; residence, Sutton; credited 
to Sutton; a/.so, Ca]it. Jotham Drury's co., Col. Crane's regt.; muster rolls 
for Sept. -Dec, 1777; rei)orted on command at Fort Mifflin in Oct. 1777; 
o/.so, Cai)t. David Cook's co.. Col. Crane's regt.; muster rolls for Jan. and 
March, 1779, dated Warren; also, same co. and regt.; muster roll for 
April, 1779; cnl. March Ki. 1777; enl.. 3 years; a/.so, Matross. Capt. David 
Cook's CO., Col. John Crane's (3d Artillery) regt.; Cont. Army pay ac- 
counts for serv. from Jan. 1. 17,S(), to March 16, 1780; reported disc. March 
16, 1780; also, descriptive list of men raised to reinforce the Cont. Army 
for the term of 6 mos., agreeable to resolve of June 5, 1780, returned as 
received of Justin l''Jy, Comm., by Maj. Peter Harwood, of 6th Mass. regt., 
at Springfield, .luly 1, 1780; age, 19 yrs.; stature, 5 ft. 8 in.; complexion, 
light; eng. for Sutton; marched to Camp July 1, 1780, under command 
of Ensign Jos. Miller; also, Priv., (late) Capt. Sam'. Mower's co., Col. 
John Greaton's regt.; muster roll for July, 1780; enl. July 1, 1780; enl., 
6 mos.; also, same co. and regt.; muster roll for Aug. and Sept., 1780, 
dated Camp Orringtown; also, list of men raised for the 6 mos. serv. and 
returned by Hrig. Gen. Paterson as having passed muster in a return 
dated ('amp Totoway, Oct. 25, 1780; a/so, Capt. Jos. Crocker's co.. Col. 
Greaton's regt. ; muster roll for Oct., 1780, dated Camp Totoway; also, 
same co. and regt.; muster roll for Nov. and Dec, 1780, dated Camp 
West Point; reported disc. Dec. 5, 1780. 

Isaac, Ward (Auburn). Descriptive list of men raised to reinforce the 
Cont. Army for the term of 6 mos., agreeable to resolve of June 5, 1780, 
returned as received of Justin Ely, Comm., by Maj. Peter Harwood, of 
6th Mass. regt., at Springfield, July 1 , 1780; age, 17 yrs. ; stature, 5 ft. 4 in. ; 
complexion, light; eng. for Ward; arrived at Springfield June 30, 1780; 
marched to camp July 1, 1780, under command of Ensign Jos. Miller; 
also, list of men raised for the 6 mos. serv. and returned by Brig. Gen. 


Paterson, as having passed muster in a return dated Camp Totoway, Oct. 
2.5, 1780; also, pay roll for 6 mos. men raised by the town of Ward for serv. 
in the Cont. Army during 1780; marched June 29, 1780; disc. Dec. 6, 1780; 
serv., 5 mos. 16 days, inchuiing travel (180 miles) home; also, as Putman, 
Sutton (also given Ward). Priv., Capt. Reuben Davis's co., Col. Luke 
Drury's regt. ; detached Sept. 1, 1781 ; marched to join regiment Sept. 3, 
1781 ; arrived at West Point Sept. 1.3, 1781 ; flisc. Dec. 3, 1781 ; serv., 3 mos. 
11 chivs, including 8 days (160 miles) travel home: residence, Sutton (.'dso 
given Ward); eng. for Sutton ; rcg. raised for 3 months. 

IsKAEiy, Danvers. Ensign, Capt. Sam'. Flint's co. of militia. Col. Tim- 
othy Pick'ring, Jr.'s regt., which marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775; 
serv., 2 days. 

Israel, Danvers (probably). Priv., Capt. Asa Prince's co., which 
marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775; serv., 2 days. 

Israel (also given Israel, Jr.), Danvers. Capt. Asa Prince's co., 
Col. John Mansfield's regt. ; order for advance pay, signed by said Putnam 
and others, dated Cambridge, June 8, 1775; also, Priv., same co. and regt.; 
muster roll dated Aug. 1 , 1775; enl. May 4, 1775; serv., 3 mos. 4 days; also, 
Capt. Prince's co.. Col. Mansfield's (19th) regt. commanded by Lt. Col. 
Israel Hutchin.son; co. return dated Oct. 6, 1775; also, order for bounty 
coat or its equivalent in money; memorandum on reverse of order states 
that money was paifl to Capt. Prince, Dec. 21, [1775]. 

Israel, Danvers. Priv., Capt. Jere. Putnam's co.. Col. Nathan Tyler'.s 
regt.; enl. July 8, 1779; serv. to Dec. 1, 1779, 4 mos. 23 days, at Rliode 
Island; also, same co. and regt.; pay roll for Dec. 1779, allowing 1 mo. 5 
days serv. at Rliode Island, travel (95 miles) included. 

Israel, Danvers. De-scriptive list of men raised to reinforce tlie Cont. 
Army for the term of 6 mos., agreeable to resolve of June 5, 1780, returned 
as received of Justin Ely, Comm., by Brig. Gen. John Glover, at Spring- 
field, July 11, 1780; age, 19 yrs. ; stature, 5 ft. 5 in.; complexion, dark; 
eng. for Danvers; arrived at Springfield July 10, 1780; marched to camp 
July 1 1, 1780, under conunand of Ensign Bancroft; also, list of men raised 
for the 6 mos. serv. and returned by Brig. Gen. Paterson as having passed 
muster in a return dated Camp Totoway, Oct. 25, 1780; also, Priv.; pay 
roll for 6 mos. men raised by the town of Danvers for serv. in the Cont. 
Army during 1780; marched to camp July 5, 1780; disc. Jan. 9, 1781; 
serv., 6 mos. 16 days, including travel (240 miles) home. , 

Israel, Danvers. List of men drafted from Essex Co. militia to march 
to Horse Neck under command of Col. Cogswell [year not given], but who 
failed to join regt.; reported drafted from town of Danvers; drafted into 
Capt. Pool's CO. 

Israel, List of men between the ages of sixteen and sixty who were 
liable to bear arms, as returned to Col. Green, dated Bedford, May 15, 1775- 

Israel. General order dated Headquarters, Cambridge, July 22, 1775; 
said Putnam, Capt., appointed Aide-de-camp to Maj. Gen. Putnam. 


IsHAKi;. Itli Major (icii.; list of oHicors :i.])i)oiiil(Ml by ('ongross [year 
not givcMi, jx-ohably ITTT)]; aho, fj;cncra.l order dnU'd IIcNid(iuartors, C'ani- 
bridf^e, July 2"J, ITTTi, making disposition of tiic lorccs alxml I'ostoii and 
(lividiiif^ (lie aruiy into '.\ niand dixisions to consisl of '_! I)rigad(\s each ; said 
Piitiiain, Maj. (icii., to iiavc cointiiaiid of tlic brigade under \\\\g. (icn. 
Ileatli, atid another brigade to l)e coinrnandcd l)y anotlier ollicer to lie 
<Iesigiiat-i!(l by Uk; ('out. Oongress, together wilii a resei've corps for ti:e 
defence of the several posts nortli of lioxbury not otiiervvise provided for. 

IsKAKi,, Priv., ('apt. Asa Prince's co., Col. Danfortii Keyes's regt. ; eid. 
He|)t.'r), 1777; disc. Jan. :5, I77S; s(!rv., :< nios. 'JS days, ai Rhode Island; 
roll (hit(id Daiivers; (//.so, same co. and regt. ; pay roll (hited Providence, 
Dec. ;{1, 1777. 

JsuAKJ^. (!ai)t. Joiia. Procter's co., (^ol. Jacob (lerrisli's regt. ofguiiri's; 
cnl. Doc. 3, 1777; service to I''e!). ;i, I77S, 2 tnos., at Charlestovi'n. 

IsUAKi.. (!ai)t. Jona. Procter's co., C!ol. Jacob (ierrisii's regt. of guards; 
cnl. Nov. 12, 1777; serv. to April ;i, 1778, 4 inos. 22 days, at Charlestowii 
and (Cambridge. 

IsitAKh. Priv., ('apt. John Moore's co., ('ol. .lotja. Reed's regt.; niuster 
rolls dated (^a nil )ridge, May '.», and .lurie I, 177.S;(Md. April 1, 177S; serv. 
guarding troops of convention; eid., 'A nios. from A|)ril 2, i77S; nho, 
Kjune CO. and regt.; joined A])ril 2, I77S; .serv. to July .'i, i77S, 'A inos. 2 
days, at (Cambridge. 

IsiiAKL. I'riv., ('apt. Penj. Peabody's co.. Col. Jacob (ierrish's (1st) 
regt.; eid. Oct. N, 177!); disc. Nov. 22, 177!); serv., 1 mo. 1!) days, near 
Claverack, including 1 I days (220 miles) travel home. Roll dated Middle- 

Isn AKi, (I'ulmani ). i^islof men dated liedford. May I, 177r). 

IsHAKi-, Jr., Pedford. I'riv ., ('aj)(. John Moore's (Ijetlford) co. of militia 
whi(^h m.arched on the alarm of Ai)ril 1!), I77r); serv., 10 days; a/.so, list of 
men Ix'tween tlie ages of siNleen and sixty \\lio were to ))ear arms 
aiii returned to Col. ( Ireen, dated Ppcdford, May b"), 177.'). 

Jahk/,. 1st I;l., Capl. Tiionias Covvdin's (I'itciiburg) co., Col. K.and's 
(SIh Wor-cester Co.) regt. of Mass. militia; list of oillcers; comm. .Inly (1, 

Jacoh, Sutton. Descriptive list of men raised to reinforce tiie Cont. 
Army for the term of (1 nios., agreeable to resolve of June T), 17(S(), returned 
as receive<l of .Justin I'lly, Comm., by Maj. Peter llarvv<K)d, of (ith Mass. 
regt., at Springfield, .)uly I, I7,S(); age, 1(1 yrs.; stiilure, ."> ft. 'A in.; com- 
plexion, liglit ; eng. for Sutton; marched to camp .bily I, I7S0, under com- 
mand of lOnsign Jos. Miller; alxo, list of men raised for the (i inos. serv. and 
returned by Prig. (!en. Paterson as having pas.sed muster in a return 
dated Camp Totoway, ()(;(. 25, 17S(); a/.so, iicscrij)tive list of men raised in 
Worcest(;r (!o. to serve in the (^ont. Army, agreeable to resolve of Dec. 2, 
1780, a.s returned by Setii Washburn, Superintendent; (!apt. Chase's co., 
Col. Davis's regC ; age, 17 yrs.; stature, T) ft. 4 in.; complexion, dark; occu- 


pation, blackHmith; cng. for Sutton; erig. Feb. 1, 1781 ; tenn, 3 yrK.; (name 
alHo ajijjearH as I'litnurnj; ulno, Priv., Capt. Simon Larned'H co., Col. Will- 
iam Slicjjurd'H (4tlij regt. ; inii.ster roll for June, 1781 ; alao, munter roll for 
July, 1781, dated I'liillipKburgh; uIko, muKt(;r roll for Aug., 1781, 8wom 
to at PeekHkill; also, rnuKter roll for Sejjt., 1781, dated Camp Continental 
Village; also, muster roll for Oct. and Nov., 178J, dated York Huts; ulno, 
4th CO.; entry dated Oct. 7, 1783, of an order for wages for May-Hcpt., and 
7 days in Oct. [year not given], appearing in a register of orders accepted 
on account of wages, etc. 

Jacoi;. Priv., Capt. Ebenezer Ooodale's co., in a regt. commanded by 
Lt. Col. iJavid Wells; enl. Sept. 24, 1777; disc. Oct. 18, 1777; serv., 1 mo. 
1 day, including travel (120 milesj home; co. marched U) join Northern 

Ja.mkh, iJanvers (probably j. J'riv., Capt. Jere. Page's co.; serv., 2 days, 
probably on the alarm of April 19, 177.'j. 

Jamkh, Sutton. Priv., Capt. Jolm Piitnam's (Siitton; co, of Minute-men, 
Col. Kbenerez Larned's regt., which marched on the alarm of April 19, 
177.5; serv., l.'i days. 

Jameh. Priv., Capt. B^dmund lirigham's co.. Col. Job ('ushing's regt.; 
enl. Sept. 12, 1777; disc. Nov. 29, 1777; serv., 2 mos. 28 days, at the West- 
ward (also given in Northern department), including 10 days (200 miles) 
travel home; co. marched from Crafton ; «/«o,as (Putnum), receipt given to 
Capt. I'Mmund lirigham, dated (irafioti, -May 0, 1778; signed by Lt. i'liile- 
rnon Stacey, for State pay due .said I'utnurn and others for serv. with 
Cajjt. Brigham in 1777. 

James Philiph, Danvers. Priv., Capt. John I^utnam's (Alarm; co. of 
Danvers, which marched on the alarm of April 19, 177.0; Mtrv., 2 days. 

Jf:pH'rHAH, Western (Warren). List of 9 mow. men mustered by Thos. 
Newhall, Must<;r Master for Worcestxir Co.; Capt. Cutler's co., Col. Rice's 
regt.; eng. for Western; mustered June 29, 1779; atxo, descriptive list of 
men raised to serve in the C'ont. Army for the term of 9 mos., as returned 
by Seth Washburn, Superint«indent for Worcester Co. ; Capt, Cutler's co.. 
Col. Rice's regt,; age, 17 yrs.; stature, .5 ft. 3 in.; comjilexion, light; resi- 
dence, Westrjn (Western); marched to Springfield July 8, 1779; reported 
delivered t^j Capt. Marshall. 

Jkphthah. Fifer, Capt. Hartholomew Woodbury's co., Col. .'ona. 
Holrrian's regt.; serv., 21 days; co. marched from Sutton U) Providence, 
R. 1., on tlie alarm of Dec. 10, 1770; alno, Capt. Jos. Sibley's co.. Col. Dan- 
fortli Keyes's regt.; enl. July 2, 1777; enl., mos. from July 1, 1777; roll 
iinU;(l Providence; aliso, same co. and regt.; muster roll dated North Kings- 
ton, iJec. 3, 1777; alno, as Putrnan, on roll oi 8 Dec, as fifer; alxo, same 
CO. and regt.; serv. from Dec. 1, 1777, U> Jan. 2, 1778, 1 mo. 2 days; roll 
dat^d Providence; also, Capt. Reuben Sibley's co., Col. Josiah Whitney'.s 


regt.; inarclied July 'A\, 1778; disc. Soj)t. 12, 177S; serv., 1 mo. 14 days, 
at Rhode Island; roll dated Sutton. 

Jephtuaii. Descriptive list of men raised in Hampshire Co. to serve in 
the ('out. .\rniy, as returned by Noah (loochnan, Superintendent; age, 19 
yrs.; stature, ;'> l(. I in. ;'couiplexi()n, light ; hair, light; occupation, black- 
smith; eng. lor Amherst; eng. March 27, 1781 ; term, 3 years; also, as Put- 
num), certificate datisd .Amherst, June 15, 1781, signed by Jos. Williams, 
('iiairnian, certifying that his class had jirocured said Putnimi to serve in 
tlie ('out. .\rniy for (he term of 3 yrs., and had ]).'ud him £00 silver money. 

Jki'hthah (Putnum). ('a))t. Hitchcock's co., 12th Mass. regt.; entered 
serv. July 10, 1770; die. Apiil 10, 1780; teiin, 9 mos. 

Jici'UTHAH (Pulnum). Priv., ('apt. Timothy Paige's co.. Col. ,lohn 
Rand's regt.; cnl. July.'), I7S0; disc. Oct. 10, 1780; serv., 3 mos. If) days, 
at West Point , including 9 days (ISO miles) (ravel iionic; regt. raised for 3 
mos. R)ll sworn to in Worcester Co. 

Jkuemiaii, Danvers. Priv., Capt. Jere. Page's co.; .serv., 2 days, })rob- 
ably on the alarm of April 19, 177r); also, Capt. Addison Richardson's 
CO., Col. Mansfield's regt.; order for advance ))ay, signed by said Putnam 
and others, dated ('anibridgc, June 8, 1775; f//.so, receipt, given to Capt. 
Addison Richardson by David Arrington, in behalf or said Putnam and 
others, dated Cambridge, for wages due to Aug. 1 , 1 775 ; also, Sergeant, ('apt. 
Richardson's co.. Col. Mansfield's regt.; muster roll dated Aug. 1, 1775; 
eng. May II, 1775; serv., 2 mos. 25 days; also, Capt. Richardson's co., 
Col. Mansfield's (19th) regt. commanded by Lt. Col. Israel Ilutchin.son; 
CO. receipt for wages for Sept., 1775, dated Camp at Winter Mill; also, co. 
return dated Oct. (>, 1775; r//,so, order for bounty coat or its ecjuivalent in 
money dated Winter Hill, Oct. 27, 1775;«/.so, Sergeant, Cajit. Richardson's 
(5th) CO. ; copy of a list of men taken from (lie Orderly Book of Col. Israel 
Hutchinson, of the 27tii regt., dated Port Lee; reported taken prisoner 
at Fort Washington Nov. 10, lllCr.also, Ensign, (late) Col. Hutchinson's 
regt.; Cont. Army i)ay accovmts for serv. from Jan. 1, 1777, to Jan. 24, 
1778; a/«w, same regt.; i)etition addressed to the Council, dated Boston, 
Aug. 16, 1777, signed by Col. Israel Hutchinson, representing that cer- 
tain officers who belongeil to his regt. in 1770, and other officers not of 
his regt., were prisoners at Long Island, and reconmiending that advance 
pay for 1 ino. be .sent to each officer; <//.so, ilraft of a letter of instructions 
from the Council to Capt. Thos. Randall, dated Nov. 3, 1777, directing 
him to effect the e.vchange of said Putnam, an Ensign, and other prisoners 
at Long Island, for British prisoners to be forwarded to New York in a 
cartel; also, list of prisoners dated Feb. 24, 1778, to be exchanged for 
British prisoners vmder parole, to be returned by Col. Johonnott; said 
Putnam to be exchanged for Ensign John.son; reported confined at Long 
Island; «/so, as (Putman). Parole agreement dated Boston, Nov 7, 1777, 
signeil by P>iilish officers, prisoners at Boston, granted permission to pro- 






ceed to New York, agreeing to return unless the Mass. officers specified 
for excliange were released; Ensign Johnston to be exchanged for said 
Putman, a prisoner at Long Lsland; also, Capt., Col. Nath' Wade's regt. ; 
comm. March 14, 1778; also, Capt. Col. Wade's regt.; serv., from March 
14, 1778, to Dec. 31, 1778, 9 mos. 21 days, at Rhode Island; roll sworn 
to at East Greenwich; also, same regt.; muster roll dated North King- 
ston, Nov. 6, 1778; also, same regt.; muster rolls dated East Greenwich, 
Sept. 17, Oct. 14, and Nov. 13, 1778; term to expire Jan. 1, 1779; also, 
Capt., Col. Nathan Tyler's regt.; return dated Newburyport, Sept. 18, 
1779, made by Enoch Titcomb, M.B., of men ordered to be raised from 
the Essex Co. brigade June 8, 1779, to serve at Providence; reported as 
belonging to 8th regt. marched in July, 1779; also, Capt., Col. Tyler's 
regt. ; list of officers of a regt. ordered to be detached to serve at Rhode 
Island until Jan. 1, 1780, agreeable to resolve of June 8, 1779; comm. July 
13, 1779; also, same regt.; return of effectives, dated Camp Providence, 
Oct. 2, 1779; also, Capt., Col. Tyler's regt.; eng. July 1, 1779; serv., to 
Dec. 1, 1779, 5 mos., at Rhode Island; also, same regt.; pay roll for Dec, 
1779, allowing 1 mo. 5 days serv. at Rhode Island, travel (95 miles) 

Jesse. List dated Cambridge, July 8, 1776, of men who served or hired 
men to serve in the Cont. Army in Northern department; said Putman 
with Thos. Farrington reported as having hired a man. 

Jethro, Danvers (probably). Priv., Capt. Jere. Page's co.; serv., 2 
days, probably on the alarm of April 19, 1775. 

John, Ashburnham. Priv., Capt. Deliverance Davis's co. of militia, 
Ool. Asa Whetcombe's regt., which marched in response to the alarm of 
April 19, 1775; said Putnam marched April 20, 1775; left place of rendez- 
vous April 27, 1775; serv., 10 days. 

John, Danvers. Capt. of an Alarm co. of Danvers, which marched on 
the alarm of April 19, 1775; serv., 2 da vs. 

John (Putnan). Priv., Capt. Nath'. Belcher's co., Lt. Col. Andrew 
Symmes's detachment of guards; enl. Feb. 26, 1778; disc April 26, 1778; 
serv., 2 mos. 

John, Great Harrington. List of men raised for the 6 mos. serv., and 
returned by Brig. Gen. Paterson as having passed muster in a return dated 
Camp Totoway, Oct. 25, 1780; also, pay roll for 6 mos. men raised by the 
town of Great Barrington for serv. in the Cont. Army during 1780; serv., 
6 mos. 

John, Great Barrington. De.scriptive list dated Lenox, Aug. 20, 1781, 
of men raised in Berkshire Co., agreeable to resolve of Dec. 2, 1780, and 
delivered to William Walker, Superintendent for said county; Lt. Person's 
CO., Col. Ashley's regt.; age, 16 yrs.; stature, 5 ft. 5 in.; complexion, light; 
hair, brown; occupation, laborer; residence, Great Barrington; eng. for 
Great Barrington; term, 3 yrs.; reported receipted for by Capt. Smith; 


also, Priv., Capt. Heiij. Pike's co., Lt. Col. Calvin Smith's (6th) regt.; 
return for wages for tlie year 1781 ; wages allowed said Putnam from Jan. 
15, 1781, to Se[)t. 1, 1781, 7 mos. 17 days; rejxjrtcd transferred to Capt. 
Daniels's eo., Sept. 1 , 1781 ; also, Capt. Japliet Daniels's co., Lt. Col. Calvin 
Smith's regt.; return for wages for the year 1781 ; wages allowed said Put- 
nam from Sept. 1, 1781, to Dec. 31, 1781, 4 mos.; also, same co. and regt.; 
return for wages for the year 1782; wages allowed said Putnam for 12 
mos.; reported sick in Aug., 1782; <;/,s'«, order on Capt. Heywood, Agent, 
6th Mass. regt., payable to John Egleston, dated Lenox, July 4, 1784, 
signed by said Putnam, for money due for service in said regt. 

John, Lancaster. Descriptive list of men raised to reinforce the C'ont. 
Army for the term of 6 mos., agreeable to resolve of June 5, 1780, returned 
as received of Justin Ely, Comm., by Brig. Gen. John Glover, at Si)ring- 
field, July 13, 1780; age, 17 yrs.; stature, 5 ft. 6 in.; complexion, light; 
eng. for Lancaster; marched to camp July 13, 1780, under conunand of 
Capt. Thos. Pritchard; also, list of men raised for the 6 mos. serv. and 
returned by Brig. Gen. Paterson as having passetl muster in a return dated 
Camp Totoway, Oct. 25, 1780. 

John (also given John Henhy), Marlborough. Descriptive list of men 
raised to reinforce the Cont. Army for the term of 6 mos., agreeable to 
resolve of June 5, 1780, returned as received of Justin Ely, Comm., by 
Brig. Gen. John Glover, at Springfield, July 13, 1780; age, 18 yrs. ; stature, 

5 ft. 5 in.; complexion, light; eng. for Ware; marched to camp July 13, 1780, 
under command of Capt. Thos. Pritchard; also, list of men raised for the 

6 mos. serv. and returned by Brig. Gen. Paterson as having passetl muster 
in a return dated Camp Totoway, Oct. 25, 1780; also, Priv., Capt. Abram 
Watson's CO., Col. John (ireaton's (3d) regt.; nuister roll for Oct., 1780; 
also, same co. and regt.; muster roll for Jan., 1781, dated West Point; enl. 
July 15, 1780; disc. Jan. 15, 1781; enl., G mos.; also, pay roll for 6 mos. 
men raised by the town of Ware for serv. in the ('out. Army during 1780; 
marched July 13, 1780; disc. Jan. 21, 1781; serv., (5 mos. 16 days, travel 
(140 miles) includeil; also, descriptive list of men raised in Hampshire Co. 
to serve in the Cont. Army, as returned by Noah Goodman, Superintendent; 
age, 19 yrs.; stature, 5 ft. 6 in.; complexion, ligiit; liair, light ; occupation, 
sadler; eng. for Ware (probably); eng. March 1 1, 1781. 

John, Sutton. Captain of a Sutton co. of Minute-men, Col. 1^'benezcr 
Lamed 's regt., whicli marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775; serv., 15 
days; also, Capt., 2(1 also given 1st (1st Sutton) co., 5th Worcester Co. 
regt. of Mass. militia; list of officers chosen in .said regt., as returned by 
Daniel Plimpton and others, field officers, dated Sutton, March 20, 1776; 
ordered in Council April 4, 1776, that said officers be comm.; reported 
comm. April 4, 1776; a'so, Capt., 2d co. ; return of the ranking order of cos. 
belonging to 5th Worcester Co. regt., signed by the field officers, dated 
Oxford, April 10, 1776; also, Capt. of a co. detached from Col. John Hoi- 


man's rcgt. to serve for 21 days at Providcuico, R. I.; return dated June 
22, 1778; also Capt. Col. Wade's regt. ; enjr. June 20, 1778; serv., 26 days; 
CO. marched from Worcester Co. June 20, 177S, to join army under Gen. 
Sullivan at Providence for 21 days. 

John, Sutton. Descriptive list of men raised to reinforce the ("ont. 
Army for the term of 6 mos., agreeable to resolve of June 5, 1780, returned 
as received of Justin Kly, Comm., by Maj. Peter Harwood, of (ith Mass. 
regt., at Springfield, July 1, 1780; age 19 yrs.; stature, 5 ft.; com])lexion 
ligiit; eng. for Sutton; marched to camp July 1, 1780, under command of 
Ensign Jos. Miller; (Uro, list of men raisetl for the 6 mos. serv. and returned 
by j^rig. (ien. Paterson as having passed muster in a return dated C-amp 
Totoway, Oct. 25, 1780. 

John. Priv., Capt. William Thurlo's co.; travel out and home 180 
miles; serv. at 20 miles per day, 9 days; co. marched on an alarm at Ben- 
nington Aug. 22, 1777, under command of Maj. Ebenezer Bridge, by order 
of Gen. Stark and Col. Warner, and was tlismissed by (Jen. Lincoln after 
proceeding 90 miles. Roll sworn to in Worciester Co.; a/.so, as Putman, 1st 
Lt., Capt. Wm. Thurlo's 9th (2d Kitchburg) co., 8th Wontester Co. regt. 
of Mass. militia; list of oflicers chosen by the several cos. in said regt., as 
returned by Abijah Stearns and others, field officers, dateil Leonunster, 
March 14, 1776; ordered in Council March 23, 1776, that said officers be 
comm.; reported comm. March 23, 1776; also, Capt.; list of officers ap- 
pointed to command men enl. or drafted from [Worcester Co.] brigade, 
as returned to Maj. Gen. Warren [year not given]; co. drafted from Col. 
Jona. Holman's regt. to join Col. Josiah Whitney's or Col. Nathan Spar- 
hawk's regt. 

John. 2d Lt., Capt. Nath'. Carter's co., Col. Job ('ushing's (Worcester 
Co.) regt.; entered serv. Sept. 5, 1777; disc. Nov. 29, 1777; serv., 3 mos. 
6 days, at the Northward, including 1 1 days (220 miles) travel home; roll 
dated Leominster; also, same co.; pay abstracts dated Scaresdeal, Nov. 
30, 1777, and sworn to in Worcester Co. [year not given], respectively, for 
retained rations due officers of Col. Cushing's regt. in Cont. serv. in Northern 
department; said Putnam credited with rations from Sept. 5 [1777], to 
Dec. 10 [1777], 97 rations. 

John. Priv., Capt. John Howard's co.. Col. Jona. Holman's regt.; 
serv., 30 days, with .Northern army at the time of the reduction of Gen. 
Burgoyne; mileage for 295 miles allowed said Putnam; warrant for i)ay 
allowed in Council May 4, 1778. 

John. Priv., Capt. John Putnam's co.; return dated June 22, 1778; 
CO. detached from Col. John Holman's regt. to serve for 21 days at Provi- 
dence, R. L; also, Capt. John Putnam's co., Col. Wade's regt.; enl. June 
20, 1778; serv., 26 days; co. marched from Worcester Co. June 20, 1778, 
to join army under Gen. Sullivan at Providence for 21 days; roll dated 


John. Capt. John Berry's co.. Col. Jacob Gerrish's regt. of guards; 
enl. Aug. 10, 1778; disc. Dec. 25, 1778; serv., 4 mos. 16 days. Roll dated 
Camp at Winter Hill. 

John. Priv., Capt. Sam'. Hamant's co., Col. Sam'. Denny's (2d) regt.; 
enl. Oct. 22, 1779; disc. Nov. 23, 1779; serv., 1 mo. 11 days, at Claverack, 
including 9 days (180 miles) travel home; regt. raised to reinforce Cont. 
Army for 3 mos. 

John. Priv., Capt. Jona. Woodbury's co., Col. Jacob Davis's regt.; 
marched July 30, 1780; disc. Aug. 7, 1780; serv., 12 days, on an alarm at 
Rhode Island, including 4 days (72 miles) travel home. Roll dated Sutton. 

John. Pay roll for 6 mos. men raised by the town of Sterling for serv. 
in the Cont. Army during 1780; marched to camp July 10, 1780; disc. 
Dec. 26, 1780; serv., 5 mos. 26 days, including travel (200 miles) home. 

John. Priv., (late) Capt. Sam'. Flower's co., Col. John Greaton's (3d) 
regt.; muster roll for July, 1780; enl. July 1, 1780; enl., 6 mos.; also, same 
CO. and regt.; muster roll for Aug. and Sept., 1780, dated Camp Orring- 
town; also, Capt. Jos. Crocker's co., Col. Greaton's regt.; muster roll for 
Oct., 17S0, dated Camp Totoway; also, same co. and regt.; muster roll for 
Nov. and Dec, 1780, dated Camp West Point; reported disc. Dec. 4, 1780. 

John. Priv., Capt. Rufus Lincoln's co., Lt. Col. John Brooks's (7th) 
regt.; muster roll for Aug., 1781; reported on command with Col. Graton; 
also, muster roll for Dec, 1781, dated West Point; enl. July 6 (also given 
July 15), 1781; enl., 3 yrs. ; also, Capt. Asa Coburn's (Light Infantry) co., 
Lt., Col. Brooks's (7th) regt; muster rolls for Jan. and Feb., 1782, dated 
York Huts; also, as Putnum, on roll Jan., 1782, reported transferred to 
Light Infantry co.; also. Light Infantry co., Lt. Col. Brooks's regt. ; list of 
men who deserted subsequent to Jan. 1, 1781 ; said Putnam deserted Feb. 
16, 1782, from West Point. 

JoKTAN, Uxbridge. List of men mustered; said Putnam appears among 
men raised to serve in the Cont. Army for the term of 8 mos; Capt. Read's 
CO., Col. Wood's regt.; also, as Putmon, on list of 8 mos. men who failed to 
march; also, return of men raised to serve in the Cont. Army from Capt. 
Sam'. Read's co., dated March 6, 1778; residence, Uxbridge; eng. for Ux- 
bridge; term to expire Nov. 5, 1778; reported drafted. 

Jonathan Toll. Priv., Capt. Jona. Woodbury's co., Col. Jacob Davis's 
regt. ; marched July 30, 1780; disc Aug. 4, 1780; serv., 9 days, on an alarm 
at Rliode Island, including 4 days (72 miles) travel home. Roll dated 

Jos., Danvers (probably). Corporal, Capt. Asa Prince's co., which 
marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775; serv., 2 days. 

Joseph, Danvers. Priv., Capt. John Putnam's (Alarm) co. of Danvers, 
which marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775; serv., 2 days. 

Joseph (also given Joseph, Jr.), Danvers. 2d Lt., Capt. Sam'. Flint's 
CO. of militia. Col. Timothy Pick'ring, Jr.'s regt., wliich marched on the 


alarm of April 19, 1775; serv., 2 days; also, 2d Lt., Capt. Sami. Flint's (2d) 
CO., Col. Henry Herrick's (8th Essex Co.) regt. of Mass. militia; list of 
officers chosen in said co. ; ordered in Council June 5, 1776, that said officers 
be comm.; reported comm. June 5, 1776; also, Capt., Col. Wade's regt.; 
list of officers of the two regts. raised for defence of the New England 
states and commanded by Col. Wade and Col. Jacobs; comm. March 14, 

Joseph, Newburyport (also given Newbury). List of men raised to 
serve in the Cont. Army from 2d Essex Co. regt., as returned by Maj. Ralpb 
Cross; residence, Newburyport; eng. for Newburyport; joined Capt. Couls- 
ton's CO., Col. Greaton's regt.; also, Priv., Capt. Chas. Colton's co., Col. 
John Greaton's (2d) regt.; Cont. Army pay accounts for serv. from Jan. 
9, 1777, to Feb. 1 , 1778; reported deserted; also, same co. and regt.; return 
[year not given]; residence, Newbury; enl. for Newbury; mustered by 
County Muster Master Cushing. 

Joseph. Capt. Jona. Procter's co.. Col. Jacob Gerrish's regt. of guards; 
enl. Nov. 12, 1777; serv. to April 3, 1778, 4 mos. 22 days, at Charlestown 
and Cambridge. 

Joseph. Priv., Capt. John Howard's co., Col. Jona. Holman's regt.; 
serv., 24 days, with Northern Army at the time of the reduction of Gen. 
Burgoyne; mileage for 295 miles allowed said Putnam; warrant for pay 
allowed in Council May 4, 1778; also, Capt. John Putnam's co.; return 
dated June 22, 1778; co. detached from Col. Jolm Holman's regt. to serve 
for 21 days at Providence, R. I. ; also, Capt. John Putnam's co., Col. Wade's 
regt.; enl. June 20, 1778; serv., 26 days; co. marched from Worcester Co. 
June 20, 1778, to join army under Gen. Sullivan at Providence for 21 days; 
roll dated Sutton; also, list of 9 mos. men mustered by Thos. Newhall, 
Muster Master for Worcester Co. ; Capt. Woodbury's co., Col. Davis's regt.; 
eng. for Sutton; mustered June 29, 1779; also, Maj. Keith's co.; entered 
serv., July 10, 1779; reported taken prisoner Feb. 3, 1780; term, 9 mos.; 
also, as Puttnam, descriptive list of men raised to serve in the Cont. Army 
for the term of 9 mos., as returned by Seth Washburn, Superintendent 
for Worcester Co.; Capt. Woodbury's co., Col. Davis's regt.; age, 18 yrs.; 
stature, 5 ft. 6 in.; complexion, light; residence, Sutton; eng. for Sutton; 
marched to Springfield July 8, 1779 ; reported delivered to Capt. C. Marshall. 

Josiah, Western (Warren). Priv., Capt. Josiah Putnam's co. of militia, 
Col. Jedediah Foster's regt., which marched April 21, 1775, in response 
to the alarm of April 19, 1775, to Roxbury; serv., 2 days. 

Josiah, Western (Warren). Capt. of a co. of militia. Col. Jedediah 
Foster's regt., which marched April 21, 1775, in response to the alarm of 
April 19, 1775, to Roxbury; serv., 8 days. 

Levi, Sutton. Priv., Capt. John Howard's co., Col. Jona. Holman's 
regt.; serv., 24 days, with Northern army at the time of the reduction 
of Gen. Burgoyne; mileage for 295 miles allowed said Putnam; war- 



r.nil lor |)iiv .'illowcd in (Niiiiicil May I, I77.S; n/.so, lislof men niiislcicd ; 
Mil id I'litimiii ii|>|)('iirH imion^!; men iiiiscd Iroiii (!<>!. I lolinan's rcj^t. ; lor (lio 
t,(>riii (>r 1) iiioN.; (!a|)(.. I'lilnam's co. ; ciig. Tor Siition; hIno, dcsci-iplivc iJHt, 
nl nirii i:iisc<l in VVorcrHtcr ( 'o. fur (lie term of 5) mow. IVom Mic (imcof (licir 
arrival al I 'islikill, af!;n'«'al>l(' lo resolve of April "JO, I77S; Cap). l'ii(iiaiirn 
CO., Col. IIoIiiiiiii'h refj;!.. ; iifS^r, '.!() yrs,; stature, r> It. 10 in.; coinplexioii, 
dark; residence^ Siilloii; arrived at I'ishkill .liine 7, I77S; alsi). list of men 
relnriied a.s r(>e(uve(l of .lona. Wariu'r, Comin., i)y Col. I{. riitnaiii, .Inly 
'.Ml, I77S; eiin. for Sulloii; arrived at I'islikill June I',), I77S; also, list of 
men ictiirned as miislcrt^d l>y Henry iJiilf^ers, Jr., Deputy Muster Master, 
dated I'islikill, Aiifj;. 1, I77S; a/.so, i'liv., Capl. Jona. Woodbury 's eo., ( 'ol. 
Jaeol) Davis's ref!;!.; m.irelied July ItO, I7S(); disr. Au;;. 7, I7S(); .serv., lU 
days, on an .daiiii at Kliode Island, iiicliuliii;', I days (7'J miles) tr.avel 

Li IKK, Sill ton. I'l iv., ( 'apt . Sam'. Sihiey's eo., w liicli m;i relied April 21, 
177r), in respollS(^ to the alarm of April 10, 177.'"), to UrainI ice ; ser\ ., 7 days; 
iilsn, C.ipt. Arthur Diif^gel's eo., ('ol. I'llxMie/.er Lciriied's re^t.; imisler itil! 
dated .Aii^. I, I77r>;eiil. May I, 177."); st-rv., ;> mos., I week, I day ; <(/.s<>, 
(hito) (;a|»l.. Diif!;>::el.'N eo., Col. l.erned's rcf^l. ; co. return d.ited l{o\l)Uiy, 
Oct. (■), 177.'); also, (^apt. Jona. (^arriel's eo.. Col. .losiali VVhilney's rej!;!.. ; 
eo receipt for adv.aiice |)!iy for I mo., etc., dsitcd I'oinI Shirley, June i;{, 
I77t'); iilsi>, I'riv., s.iiiu' co. .and ref^l . ; ,serv. from May 17. I77('), I d.ays pre- 
ceding; march, (»> Nov. I, I77(), .'") mos. \h days; roll dalt-d C.inip jil Hull; 
also, siiine co. imd regl.; i)ay roll lor Nov., 177(»; serv., I mo. I d.iys, iu- 
chidiujj; lrav(>l (7.') iiiiles) home; <ilsi>, ('apt. Hartholomevv Woodhury's co., 
Col .loiia 1 lolmaii's n^fj;!.. ; .serv., (» days; eo. marched from Sutton to I'rovi- 
(leuc(<, l{. I, on the Ml.'iriii of Dec. 10, I77(i; (f/.w, C.apl. U.irtholom(>\v Wood- 
bury's co., Col. Jol> ('ushiii^^'s rej^t. ; enl. Auf!;. l;{, I777;'rlisc. Nov. "J!>. 1777; 
,serv. :< mos. '27 days, in Northern dep.artnient , including 10 days ('JOO 
miles) travel hoiii«>;co. marched from Worcester Co. .'\uf;. Mi, 1777 ; (i/.s7>, 
list of '.» mos. men mustered by 'Thos. Newhall, Muster MjisIcm- for Worcester 
Co.; Cipt. Wooilbury's co., ('ol. Davis's ref!;t . ; «Mif;-. for Sultoii; mustered 
.lime '-Ml, I77!>; itlso, dcscrij)! ive list of men r.aised to serve in the Conf. 
,\riiiy for (he 1(m-iii of '.» mos., ;is returiu-d by Seth Washburn, Superin- 
tendeiit for VVorc«>sler Co. ; Capl , i'ut's co, Col. D;i vis's regt. ; af;e, L'.'S 
yrs.; stalurt>, .') ft. II in.; complexion, lif:;h( ; residence, Sutton; enj!;. for 
Sutton; marched lo Spriiif^lield July .S, 1771); r«>port(>d delivered (o Capt. 
C. ^blrshall; also. M.aj. K(>ilh's co.. Col. Mich.ael .l.ack.son's (SMi) rej^f.. ; 
entered serv. .July 10, 177'.); disc. April "JS. I7S0; term, <> mos.; aho. Triv., 
Cajil . I veil ben's Sibley »•*>•, ('*''• .Incob Davis's rej^l . ; marched .Inly .'iO, 17S(); 
disc. .Vuu. .S, I7.S0; ,serv., IH days, on an al.arm ;it Uhode Isl.ind, including 
•I days (7'J miles) triiv*-! honH>; also, descriptive list of men rai.sed in Wor- 
eivstcr Co. to serv<i in the ('out. Army. ai!;re(>al)le to resolve of W'r. 2, 17S0, 
as relurni'd by Si'lh Washburn, SuperinleiidenI ; Capt. 's co.. Col. 


D.-ivIk's n'f^t. ; ag(!, 25 yrn.; Htatiirt;, f) fl,. H in.; <;()irij)l(!xi()ii, li^^lil ; occujta- 
tioii, i'ariri(!r; (uifi;. lor Sutton; orig. !)(;(;. I, I7S1 ; l.criii, 'A yr.s. 

Mattmkw, iJaiivc/s. I'riv., ('a))!,. Sam'. I'liiit/,s <!o. of mililia, (Jol. 
'J'irnoMiy Pick'ring, .Jr.'s r(;^t,.; wliicli rnarclKid on Mk; ainriii ol April I 'J, 
1775; sf.rv., 2 days. 

Mii,i;s n''iii ). I'riv., in a co. corntnarKlcd l)y 1,1. Jos. iJoynl.on, (Jo). 
Na1,lian Sparhawk'.s n;j^t..; <;nt,(;r(!(l H(;rv. Anf^. 21, 1777; (Hhc. Aiif^. 20, 1777; 
«(;rv., II <layH, at. Hcnniiif^ton on an aiarni, incliKjiiif^ 5 dayH (102 iriiI(!S) 
travel homo. 

MosKS, Ho.vford (proliaUly^. i'riv. (,'apl,. .I.arol) fionld's co. oT militia, 
('ol. Siiri)'. .lolinson'M rc^t,., wliicli marched (»n tin; al;irm ol' April l'.(, 1775; 
Hcrv., 1 days. 

Mosics, Sutton. I'liv., (!a|)t-. John Sihhiy'H co., which niiirchcd on the 
alarm of April \'.), 1775, hy order of (!ol. lOlxiiuszcr li(!;ir'n(!(l ; H(;rv., l2dayH; 
a/tio, (!apt,. Hart,holomcw Woodhiiry's co., ('ol. JyciTiad'H rcf^t,. ; pay abstract 
for l)ill(!ting U) and from (ianij); co. niarchcsd from Sutton, l>on^lii,s, and 
Northhridgo, Doc. 9, 1775; aim, (hipt,. John I'utjiiun's co. ; return dated 
Juno 22, 1778; CO. dotachoti from (Jol. John liolman's rof^t. t,o w.rvi', for 21 
days at I'rovidonco, R. I.; a/.sry, (Japt. John I'ut,na(n's (;o., Ool. Wadci's r(!>^t. ; 
onl. June 20, 1778; scrv., 20 days; co. marched from Worcester do. Jutir; 
20, 1778, to join army under (U'.u. Sullivan at Providence loi- L'l d;iys; n/.sv^, 
Capt. Jona. Woodbury'H co., ('ol. Jacob Davis's re^^t. ; marched Jidy lU), 
1780; (iis(;. Au.ti;. 7, 1780; scrv., 12 <iays, on an alarm ;it H,hod<' Isl.ind, 
in(;ludir)f^ 'I days (72 »niles) travc;! lioirK;. 

Nai'IIAN, Danvers. I'l iv., ('.apt. Israel Miilchinson's co. of Minut(!-m(!n, 
which marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775; serv., 2 (lays; tilno, (y'a|)t. 
I'',noch I'utjiam'H co., Col. .lohn Mansficild'H r(!gt. ; onhir for advanc*; j)ay, 
Hifj;ned by said J'utnam, dated (.'ambridf^e, July I I, 1775; (iIho, IViv., same 
CO. and r(;gt.; muster roll dated Auf^. I, 1775; eid. .May 10, 1775; serv., 2 
mos. 21 days; also, ('aj)t Putnam's co., (Jol. Mansfield's (lOth) re;;!, com- 
manded by Ijt. ('ol. IsriKtl Hutchinson; co. niturn diit,(;d Oct. 0, 1775; fil.w, 
order for bounty coat oi- its (;(|uiv.'dent in money d;iled Winter Hill, ()i-i. 
27, 1775. 

Na'I'Han. Priv., (';ipt. Jona. Woodbury's co., (.'ol. Jacob Davis's roji^t.; 
marched Jidy .'JO, 1780; disc. Au;^. 8, 1780; serv., 115 diiys, o;i an alarm at 
Rhode Island, including 4 days (72 miles) travtil home. Roll dated Suttou. 

Natiianikk, Danvers (in-obnbly). Priv., (!!ipt. Ji^re. I'age's eo.; serv., 
2 days, probably on the alarm (.f April 10, 1775. 

-N^ATllANiKL. Sergeaid., (.apt. P.nrtholotnevv Woodbury's eo., (.'ol. Jona. 
llolman's r(!gt. ; serv., I mo. ].'{ days; eo. mivrclxtd from Mutton t-o Provi- 
dence, R. 1., on Die ;darm of Dec;. 10, 1770; uIho, 2d L(., (.'apt. John Put- 
nam's (1st) CO., 5th Woi-cester Co. rcyj. of Mass. militia; list of o(flc(;rs 
lyear n<jt givc;n); (ilaa, Lt., (,'ol. Jon.'i. Ilolmnn's mtrt,-^ serv., .'iO days; regt. 


marched from Worcester Co. Sept. 26, 1777, to reinforce Northern army 
and served until Oct. 26, 1777; aZso, Capt. John Howard's co., Col. Jona. 
Holman's regt. ; serv., 30 days, with Northern army at the time of the 
reduction of Gen. Burgoyne; mileage for 295 miles allowed said Putnam; 
warrant for pay allowed in Council May 4, 1778. 

Nathaniel. 1st Lt., Capt. Nath'. Clap's eo., Col. Benj. Hawes's regt.; 
entered serv. July 26, 1778; disc. Sept. 11, 1778; serv., 1 mo. 17 days, at 
Rhode Islantl. 

Olivek. Priv., Capt. Moses Nowell's co.; enl. Oct. 14, 1775; serv. to 
Nov. 1, 1775, 18 days; reported as serving in room of Peter Rix who had 
been dismissed; co. stationed at Newburyport for defence of seacoast; also, 
Capt. Nowell's (Newburyport) co.; serv. from Nov. 1, 1775, to date of 
disc, Dec. 31, 1775, 2 mos. 5 days, in defence of seacoast. 

Perley, Dan vers. Priv., Capt. Israel Hutchinson's co. of Minute-men, 
which marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775; serv., 2 days. 

Peter, Danvers (probably). Priv., Capt. Jere. Page's co. ; serv., 2 days, 
probably on the alarm of April 19, 1775. 

Peter, Danvers. Priv., Capt. Sam'. Flint's co. of militia, Col. Timothy 
Pick'ring, Jr.'s regt., which marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775; serv., 
2 days. 

Peter, Lancaster. Priv., Capt. Francis Willson's co., Col. Danfortl^ 
Keyes's regt.; enl. Aug. 6, 1777; disc. Jan. 3, 1778; serv., 4 mos. 27 days, 
at Rliode Island; roll dated Providence; also, same co. and regt.; pay ab- 
stract for mileage from place of disc, home, dated Providence, Dec. 29, 
1777; mileage for 60 miles allowed said Putnam; a_lso, list of 9 mos. men 
mustered by Thos. Newhall, Muster Master for Worcester Co.; Capt. 
Stuart's CO., Col. Whitney's regt.; mustered July 8, 1Z,79; also, descriptive 
list of men raised for Cont. serv., as returned by Seth Washburn, Superin- 
tendent for Worcester Co.; Capt. Steward's co., Col. Whitney's regt.; age, 
21 yrs.; stature, 5 ft. 8 in.; complexion, light; marched July 14, 1779; eng. 
for Lancaster; reported delivered to Capt. Christopher Marshall. 

Peter, Sutton. Priv., Capt. John Putnam's (Sutton) co. of Minute-men, 
Col. Ebenezer Larned's regt., which marched on the alarm of April 19, 
1775; serv., 18 days; also, Corp., Capt. John Howard's co.. Col. Jona. Hol- 
man's regt.; serv., 30 days, with Northern army at the time of the reduc- 
tion of Gen. Burgoyne; mileage for 295 miles allowed said Putnam ; warrant 
for pay allowed in Council May 4, 1778; also, Capt. Jona. Woodbury's co., 
Col. Jacob Davis's regt.; marched July 30, 1780; disc. Aug. 8, 1780; serv., 
13 days, on an alarm at Rhode Island, including 4 days (72 miles) travel 

Peter (Putnem). Capt. Warner's co., 10th Mass. regt.; entered ser- 
vice.July 16, 1779; discharged April 10, 1780; term, 9 months. 

Peter. List of prisoners sent in the cartel " Swift' ' from Halifax to 



Boston Sept. 30, 1778, as returned by Thomas Baildon, Commissary of 
Prisoners; reported a Seaman. 

Phineas, Danvers (probably). Priv., Capt. Asa Prince's co., which 
marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775; serv., 2 days. 

Phineas, Danvers. Priv., Capt. John Putnam's (Alarm) co. of Dan- 
vers, which marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775; serv., 2 days. 

Phineas, Danvers. Serg't. Capt. Asa Prince's co., Col. John Mans- 
field's regt.; order for advance pay, signed by said Putnam and others, 
dated Cambridge, June 8, 1775; also, same co. and regt.; muster roll dated 
Aug. 1, 1775; engaged May 4, 1775; serv., 3 mos. 4 days; also, Capt. Prince's 
CO., Col. Mansfield's (19th) regt. commanded by Lt. Col. Israel Hutchinson; 
CO. return dated Oct. 6, 1775; also, order for bounty coat or its equivalent 
in money; memorandum on reverse of order states that money was paid to 
Capt. Prince Dec. 21, [1775]. 

Porter. Private, Capt. Asa Prince's co.. Col. Danforth Keyes's regt.; 
enlisted Aug. 20, 1777; discharged Jan. 3, 1778; serv., 4 mos. 13 days, at 
Rhode Island; roll dated Danvers; also, same co. and regt.; pay roll dated 
Providence, Dec. 31, 1777. 

Primus (Putman), Lunenburg. List of men raised to serve in the 
Cont. Army from 8th Worcester Cb. regt., as returned by Capt. Jos. Bellows, 
sworn to in Worcester Co., Feb. 14, 1778; residence, Lunenburg; engaged 
for liUnenburg; joined Capt. Sylvanus Smith's co.. Col. Timothy Big- 
low's regt.; term, 3 yrs.; also, as Putnum, Lunenburg. Priv., Capt. 
Barnes's co., Col. Timothy Bigelow's regt.; Cont. Army pay accounts for 
serv. from Feb. 27, 1777, to Dec. 31, 1779; residence, Lunenburg; credited 
to Lunenburg; also, Capt. Sylvanus Smith's co.. Col. Bigelow's regt.j 
muster roll for Jan.-Aug., 1777, dated Van Schaick's Island and sworn to 
in Camp at Stillwater; enl. Feb. 27, 1777; enl., 3 yrs. ; reported on command 
in regt. hospital; also, same co. and regt.; muster roll for Nov., 1777, sworn 
to in Camp near the Gulf; reported sick at Fishkill; also, same co. and 
regt.; muster rolls for Dec, 1777, and Jan., 1778, sworn to at (Jamp Valley 
Forge; reported sick at Fishkill in Dec, 1777; also, same co. and regt.; 
return dated Feb. 2, 1778; mustered by Middlesex Co. Muster Master; 
also, same co. and regt.; muster rolls for Feb.-May, 1778, dated Valley 
Forge; also, same co. and regt.; muster roll for June, 1778, dated Camp 
Greenwich; a7so,same co. and regt.; muster rolls for July, 1778-June, 1779, 
dated Camp Providence; reported sick at Providence in July and Aug., 1778, 
sick in hospital in Oct., 1778, sick at Lunenburg Nov. 1778-Jan., 1779, 
sick in hospital Feb.-June 1779; also, same co. and regt.; muster roll for 
July 1779; reported sick at Providence; also, same co. and regt.; muster 
roll for Aug., 1779, dated Camp at Salem; reported transferred to (late) 
Capt. Barnes's co. Sept. 1, 1779; also as Putnam, Lanesborough. Priv., 
Capt. Dow's CO., Col. Timothy Bigelow's regt.; Cont. Army pay accounts 
for serv. from Jan. 1, 1780, to Feb. 27, 1780; residence, Lanesborough; 
term, 3 yrs. 


Reuben [?], Sutton. Priv., Capt. Bartholomew Woodbury's co., Col. 
Lernad's regt. ; pay abstract for billeting to and from camp; co. marclied 
from Sutton, Douglas and Northbridge, Dec. 9, 1775. 

Reuben. Priv., Capt. Nath'. Clap's co., Col. Benj. Hawes's regt.; 
entered service July 26, 1778; disc. Sept. 11, 1778; serv., 1 mo. 17 days, at 
Rhode Island. 

Roger, Medford. Priv., Capt. Stephen Dana's co., Col. Mclntush's 
(Mcintosh's) regt.; arrived at camp March 20, 1776; disc. April 5, 1776; 
serv.,17days, at the Lines at Boston; also, as Putman, Medford. Priv., Capt. 
Isaac Hall's co.; serv., 4 days; co. marched from Medford by order of Gen, 
Washington at the time of taking Dorchester Heights in March, 1776; 
also, account of money paid by persons to hire men to go to Canada [year 
not given], examined and allowed by a committee at Medford Oct. 8, 1776; 
also, account of money paid by [)ersons to hire men who went to New York 
in Sept., 1776, examined and allowed by a committee at Medford Jan. 
13, 1777. 

RuFUS, Brookfield. Lt. Col.; list of officers of Col. David Brewer's 
regt.; reconmiended in Committee of Safety at Cambridge, June 17, 1775, 
that said officers be comm. by Congress; also, Lt. Col., Col. David Brewer's 
(9th) regt.; eng. April 24, 1775; serv. to Aug. 1, 1775, 3 mos. 15 days; also, 
muster roll of field and staff officers, tl;ited Roxbury Camp, Oct. 7, 1775; 
also, Col.; Cont. Army pay accounts for serv. from Jan. 1, 1777, to Dec. 31, 
1779; also, return of staff officers recommended by said Putnam for comm., 
dated Boston, April 10, 1777; also, receipts dated July 20, 1778, signed 
by said Putnam, for men raised for the term of 9 mos from the time of 
their arrival at Fishkill, agreeable to resolve of April 20, 1778, and de- 
livered to him by Jona. Warner, Comm. ; also, return of officers for clothing 
dated Boston, Nov. 24, 1778; also, Col., 5th Mass. regt.; list of settlements 
of rank of Cont. officers, dated West Point, made by a Board held for the 
purpose and confirmed by Congress Sept. 6, 1779; comm. Aug. 5, 1776; 
g/60, Col., 5th Mass. regt.; Cont. Army pay accounts for service from Jan. 
1 , 1780, to Dec. 31, 1780; also, muster rolls of field, staff and comm. officers 
for Jan.-April, 1781 , dated Garrison at West Point ; appointed Aug. 5, 1776; 
reported in Boston on public -business ; also, returns of effectives, dated 
May 4, May 11, May 18, and May 25, 1781, dated Garrison West Point; 
reported on command at Boston; also, Col., 5th regt., 3d Mass. brigade 
commanded by Maj. John Graham; return of effectives, dated May 25, 
1781; also, returns of effectives, dated June 1, June 8, and June 15, 1781; 
reported settling public accoimts at Boston by order of Gen. Heath from 
.Tan. 19, 1781; also, recommendation dated New Windsor, Jan. 20, 1783, 
signed by said Putnam, Brig. Gen., senior officer of the Mass. Line then in 
camp, stating that Capt. Seth Drew was entitled to a majority by reason 
of the promotion of Col. Greaton to Brig. Gen. Jan. 7, 1783, and asking that 
he be appointed accordingly. 


RuFUS. Priv., Capt. Benj. Peabody's co., Col. Wade's regt.; entered 
serv. July 5, 1780; disc. Oct. 10, 1780; serv., 3 mos. 18 days, including 12 
days (240 miles) travel home; regt. raised in Essex Co. to reinforce Cont. 
Army for 3 mos. 

Samuel, Sutton. Priv., Capt. Arthur Dagget's co., Col. Ebenezer 
Learned's regt.; muster roll dated Aug. 1, 1775; enl. May 1, 1775; serv., 
3 mos., 1 week, 1 day; also, (late) Capt. Dagget's co.. Col. Lerned's regt.; 
CO. return dated Roxbury, Oct. 6, 1775; also, list of men mustered; said 
Putnam appears among men raised from Col. Holman's regt. ; for serv. at 
Rhode Island; Capt. Putnam's co. ; eng. for Sutton; mustered June 29 
[year not given]; also, Priv., Capt. Sam^. flamant's co., Col. Nath'. Wade's 
regt. ; enl. June 18, 1778; serv. at Rhode Island; enl. to expire Jan. 1, 177 9; 
roll dated Middleton; also, Capt. Sam'. Lamb's co., Col. Nath'. Wade's 
regt.; enl. June 18, 1778; serv., 6 mos. 15 days, at Rhode Island; also, same 
CO. and regt.; muster roll dated Warwick, Nov. 7, 1778; also, same co. and 
regt.; muster rolls dated East Greenwick, Sept. 17, Sept. 22, Nov. 14, and 
Dec. 30, 1778. 

SciPio (Putman). Return of men belonging to the State regt. pf artillery 
entitled to an additional bounty of £1 5, as returned by Col. T. Crafts, dated 
Boston, Jan. 12, 1778; Capt. Marett's (5th) co. 

SciPio. Seaman, I)rigantine "Tyrannicide," commanded by Capt. 
John Cathcart; eng. May 15, 1779; disc. June 23, 1779; serv., 1 mo. 8 days. 
Roll sworn to in Suffolk Co. 

Solomon, Sheffield (also given Northfield). Priv., Capt. Peter Inger- 
soU's CO., Col. David Brewer's regt.; muster roll dated Aug. 1, 1775; enl. 
May 25, 1775; serv., 2 mos., 1 week, 4 days; also, co. return [probably Oct., 
1775]; also, Capt. IngersoU's co., (late) Col. Brewer's (9th) regt.; order for 
bounty coat or its equivalent in money dated Nov. 18, 1775. 

Stephen, Danvers (probably). Priv., Capt. Jere. Page's co. ;serv., 2days, 
probably on the alarm of April 19, 1775. 

Stephen, Sutton. Priv., Capt. Thos. Fish's co., Col. Nathan Tyler's 
regt.; entered serv. Aug. 5, 1779; Dec. 25, 1779; serv., 4 mos. 24 days, 
at Rhode Island; roll sworn to at Newport; also, same co. and regt.; pay 
roll for Dec, 1779, sworn to at Newport, allowing 1 mo. 3 days serv. at 
Rhode Island, travel (60 miles) included; also, (!apt. Benj. Allton's co., 
Col. John Rand's regt. ; ente